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Lieutenant-General Sir Kenneth MacKenzie Douglas, 1st Baronet (1754–1833), born Kenneth MacKenzie, was the first Baronet of the Douglas of Glenbervie, Kincardine Baronetcy (second creation). He was created baronet in 1831.[1]

Born as Kenneth MacKenzie in Dundee in 1754, his father was Kenneth Mackenzie, of Kilcoy, Ross-shire, and his mother Janet, a daughter of Sir Robert Douglas, 6th Baronet of Glenbervie (first creation).[2]

He was commissioned as an ensign in the 33rd Foot in 1767, and was promoted lieutenant in 1775. MacKenzie transferred to the 14th Foot in 1783.[2] He served in Guernsey, the West Indies, Flanders, Gibraltar, and Egypt.[1] He joined the 90th Foot in 1784, when, under Thomas Graham, (later Lord Lynedoch), he trained light company troops.[2] On the death of Lieutenant-Colonel Ogilvie of the 44th Foot, Mackenzie transferred to that regiment, taking command.[2]

Following a decision by the British Army to train some line regiments in light infantry techniques, Sir John Moore, a proponent of the light infantry model, offered his own regiment of line infantry, the 52nd (Oxfordshire) Regiment of Foot, for this training, at Shorncliffe Camp.[3] Mackenzie was appointed lieutenant colonel of the 52nd.[2] They formed a brigade with the 95th Rifles, and three line regiments. Much of the training was undertaken by Lieutenant-Colonel Kenneth MacKenzie, who devised many of the tactics of light infantry training,[4] He was responsible for many of the drills and exercises of the "Shorncliffe System".[2]

Injured after a fall from a horse in late 1803, he took leave, during which time he married Rachel Andrews, of Shorncliffe. (They had 6 sons and one daughter.)[2] He saw some active service at Cadiz, but his health remained poor, and he spent most of the war convalesceing in England.[2] In 1811 he was given command of the light infantry troops then in England.[1]

Made baronet in 1831 he also changed his surname to Douglas that year. He died in 1833 and was succeeeded by his son Robert Andrew Douglas.[2]



  • Chappell, Mike; (2004) Wellington's Peninsula Regiments (2): The Light Infantry, Oxford: Osprey Publishing, ISBN 184176403

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