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Bors chooses to save a maiden rather than his brother Lionel

Sir Lionel is the younger son of King Bors of Gaunnes (or Gaul) and brother of Bors the Younger in Arthurian legend. He is a cousin of Lancelot and Lancelot's younger brother Ector de Maris (not to be confused with the older Sir Ector, who was King Arthur's foster-father). When their father dies in battle against King Claudas, Lionel and Bors are rescued by the Lady of the Lake and raised in her underwater kingdom alongside her stepson Lancelot. Like all his family, Lionel becomes a Knight of the Round Table.

Contents

Arthurian legend

While travelling with Lancelot as a young man, Lionel is captured by the rogue knight Turquine, who whips him with briars and throws him in the dungeon. The scenario repeats itself later while he is on the Quest for the Holy Grail, where he proves very unworthy of the blessed object by trying to kill his brother for not rescuing him. Bors had seen Lionel getting beaten and led away, but had to make a decision to save either him or a young girl being dragged in the opposite direction. He saves the girl, and fears Lionel dead. But Lionel escapes, and attacks Bors the next time they meet. Bors proves himself worthy of the Grail when he refuses to fight back, and Lionel kills a religious hermit and Sir Calogrenant, a fellow Knight of the Round Table, when they try to protect Bors from his wrath. Before Lionel can strike his brother, however, God intervenes and immobilizes him.

Lionel and the rest of his family follow Lancelot into exile when the affair with Guinevere is exposed. Lionel participates in the battles against Arthur's forces, and becomes King of Gaunnes. After the Battle of Camlann, Lancelot's family returns to Britain to defeat the remainder of Mordred's forces. Lionel is slain by Mordred's son Melehan; Bors avenges his death.

Later appearances

Sir Lionel is the subject of the late-medieval folk ballad "Sir Lionel", recorded as Child Ballad 18, in which he slays a giant wild boar.[1] This song has much in common with the medieval romance Sir Eglamour of Artois.[2] The terrible swine is a frequent foe in romantic tales, for instance the beast Twrch Trwyth in Culhwch and Olwen.[3] The song was recorded in Appalachia as late as the early 20th century. Popular variants include "Old Bangum" and "Wild Hog."

In the musical Camelot, Lionel is the knight brought back to life by Lancelot after he accidentally kills him in a Joust.

Lionel appears in the 1998 Warner Bros. animated film Quest for Camelot as the father of the main character, Kayley. He is killed in the beginning by the main antagonist, Sir Ruber.

References

  1. ^ Francis James Child, English and Scottish Popular Ballads, "Sir Lionel"
  2. ^ Francis James Child, The English and Scottish Popular Ballads, v 1, p 209, Dover Publications, New York 1965
  3. ^ Francis James Child, The English and Scottish Popular Ballads, v 1, p 209-10, Dover Publications, New York 1965

External links

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