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Sirmaur district
HimachalPradeshSirmaur.png
Location of Sirmaur district in Himachal Pradesh
State Himachal Pradesh,  India
Headquarters Nahan
Area 2,825 km2 (1,091 sq mi)
Population 4,58,593 (2001)
Population density 162.3 /km2 (420.4/sq mi)
Literacy 70.85%
Sex ratio 900.5
Official website
The Fort of Nahan, the capital of princely-state of Sirmur
Stamp of Sirmour in 1800s

Sirmaur is the most south-eastern district of Himachal Pradesh, India. It is largely mountainous and rural, with 90% of its population living in villages. It includes the towns of Nahan (its capital), as well as the Shivalik Fossil Park at Suketi, where fossils of over 85 million years old have been found. There are six tehsils in this district, namely Nahan, Renuka, Shilai, Rajgharh, Pachhad and Paonta.

Agriculture is the backbone of economy here. Farmers of Sirmour produce maximum potato and ginger in Asia. Sirmaur is also known for its good quality of peach that comes from the Rajgarh region which is also called the Peach Bowl. Tomato is also becoming choice for farmers these days. Village Lana-cheta is known for its fertile land and farmers here grow grains as first option. The River Giri divides the district into two almost-equal parts: Giripar and Giriwar.

The most commonly practised religion in the district is Hinduism. People worship deities (devtas) just like people in many other districts of the state. Hindi and Pahari are the languages spoken here. Nati is the popular folk dance.

Contents

History

Sirmour (also spelled as Sirmaur) was an independent kingdom in India, founded in 1616. It became a part of Greater Nepal, before becoming a princely state in British India, located in the region that is now the Sirmaur district of Himachal Pradesh. The state was also known as Nahan, after its main city, Nahan. Sirmur was ruled by the chiefs of Rajput lineage, who used the title "Raja".

Nahan, the predecessor state of Sirmur, was founded by Soba Rawal, who assumed the name Raja Subans Prakash.[1] The new capital was founded in 1621 by Raja Karam Prakash, and the state was renamed to Sirmur.[1]

Sirmur was surrounded by the hill states of Balsan and Jubbal in the North, the British district of Dehradun in the East, Ambala district in the South West, and the states of Patiala and Keonthal in the North-West.

The population of Sirmur was 6256 according to the 1901 census.[2]

Rulers

Name Ruled from Ruled till
Karam Prakash 1616 1630
Mandhata Prakash 1630 1654
Sobhag Prakash 1654 1664
Budh Prakash 1664 1684
Mat Prakash (died 1704) 1684 1704
Hari Prakash 1704 1712
Bijay Prakash (died 1736) 1712 1736
Pratap Prakash (died 1754) 1736 1754
Kirat Prakash (died 1770) 1754 1770
Jagat Prakash (died 1789) 1770 1789
Dharam Prakash (died 1793) 1789 1793
Karam Prakash II (died 1820) 1793 1803
Ratan Prakash (installed by Gurkhas, hanged by the British in 1804) 1803 1804
Karam Prakash II (died 1820) 1804 1815
Fateh Prakash (1809-1850) 1815 1850
Raghbir Prakash (1827-1856) 1850 1856
Shamsher Prakash (1846-October 1898) 1856 1898
Surendra Bikram Prakash (14 November 1867-1911) 1898 1911
Amar Prakash (26 January 1888 – February 1973) 1911 1933
Rajendra Prakash (10 January 1913 – 13 November 1964) 1933 1964

References

Further reading

See also

External Links

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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

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Sirmaur is the most south-eastern district of Himachal Pradesh, India. It is largely mountainous and rural, with 90% of its population living in villages.

The area is popular with tourists, particularly those on pilgrimages. It includes the towns of Nahan (its capital), Sarahan and Paonta Sahib, as well as the Shivalik Fossil Park at Saketi, where fossils of over 85 million years old have been found. This district has a common border with Uttarakhand.

          Geography of Himachal Pradesh          
Lakes Renuka Lake | Maharana Pratap Sagar | Gobind Sagar (more...)
Rivers Beas | Chenab | Ravi | Sutlej | Yamuna
Districts Bilaspur | Chamba | Hamirpur | Kangra | Kinnaur | Kullu | Lahul and Spiti | Mandi | Sirmaur | Shimla | Solan | Una
Other Climate of Himachal Pradesh | Protected areas of Himachal Pradesh | List of peaks in Himachal Pradesh

goto sirmour.com

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Sirmaur district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

This article uses material from the "Sirmaur district" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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