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Sitamarhi is one of the districts of Bihar state, India, and Sitamarhi town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Sitamarhi district is a part of Tirhut Division.

Population: Total: 2013796 Rural: 1894203 Urban: 119593
Sub Divisions: Sitamarhi Sadar, Pupri
Blocks: Bathnaha, Parihar, Nanpur, Bazpatti, Bairgania, Belsand, Riga, Sursand, Pupri, Sonbarsa, Dumra, Runni Saidpur, Majorganj, Puranhia, Suppi, Parsauni, Bokhra, Chorout
Agriculture: Paddy, Wheat, Sugar cane, Maize, Lentils
Industry: Sugar Factory, Rice and Oil Mills.
Rivers: Bagmati

Contents

History

This is the place where Sita was born, the main character of the epic Ramayana. The town is situated along the border of Nepal. The district of Sitamarhi was carved out of Muzaffarpur district on 11 December 1972. It is situated in the northern part of Bihar. Its headquarter is located at Dumra, five kilometers south of Sitamarhi.

Sitamarhi is a sacred place in Hindu mythology. Its history goes back to Treta Yug. Sita, the wife of Lord Rama sprang to life out of an earthern pot, when Raja Janak was ploughing the field somewhere near Sitamarhi to impress upon Lord Indra for rain. It is said that Raja Janak excavated a tank at the place where Sita emerged and after her marriage set up the stone figures of Rama, Sita and Lakshman to mark the site. This tank is known as Janaki-kund and is south of the Janaki Mandir.

In course of time, the land lapsed into a jungle until about 500 years ago, when a Hindu ascetic, named Birbal Das came to know the site by divine inspiration. He came down from Ayodhya and cleared the jungle. He found the images set up by Raja Janak, built a temple over there and commenced the worship of Janaki or Sita. The Janaki Mandir is apparently modern and is about 100 years old only. The town however contains no relics of archaeological interest.

It has witnessed communal violence lead by local politicians in the past but on the whole both the leading communities here a good rapport. This district is often bereaved by natural calamities. One of the most devastating is excess flooding due to mis-management of the banks by both civilians and government officials.

Notable Residents

  • Mathura Prasad Singh (Advocate and Freedom fighter)
  • Thakur Jugal Kishore Sinha [Former M.P & Freedom Fighter]
  • Ram Dulari Sinha [Former Union Minister & Governor & Freedom Fighter]
  • Madhurendra Kumar Singh [Congress Leader,Member Congress Working Committee(B.P.C.C)]
  • Arjun Rai [Present M.P]
  • Rajni Ranjan Sahu (Former M.P)
  • Sitaram Yadav [Former M.P]
  • Ram Briksha Ram [Former Minister in State Government]
  • Mahesh Ram [Congress Leader]
  • Mrigendra Kumar Singh [Indian Youth Congress Leader]
  • Capt R N Sinha (Former MLA, Former MLC, Former Chairman Bharat Scout & Guides)

Details of district

  • Headquarters: Sitamarhi
  • Area:
  • Population:
  • Total: 2013796 Rural: 1894203 Urban: 119593
  • Sub Divisions: Sitamarhi Sadar, Pupri
  • Blocks: Bairgania, Bajpatti, Bathnaha, Belsand, Parihar, Nanpur, Riga, Sursand, Pupri, Sonbarsa, Dumra, Runni Saidpur, Majorganj, Suppi, Parsauni, Bokhra, Chorout
  • Villages:Dumari,Morsand,sahiyara, Mahuain Pathrahi,(Bajpatti)Kharka, Ajamgarh, Andahara, Bhasepur,Gosaipur,Tilaktajpur, Sarhachia,Kodhiya, Rasalpur, Bela, Dheng, Maniyari, Madhopur, Amanpur, Rudauli, Matiyr, Baduri, Hanuman Nagar, Punaura, Ratwara, Paktola, Mehsaul, Madhuban, Chakmahila, Dumra, mohanpur, bhavdepur, Bhairokothi, Bhupbhairo, Bariyarpur,Chhaurahiya.
  • School/college: Delhi Public School, Mathura high school, SRK Goenka College,Thakur Jugal Kishore Singh College.
  • Agriculture: Sugarcane, Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Lentils
  • Industry: Sugar Factory (Riga Sugar Mill is an important industrial set up at Riga), Rice and Oil Mills.
  • Rivers: Bagmati, Lakhandei
  • Connectivity: NH-77 connects it with district muzaffarpur and patna.State-Roadways linked it with madhubani and sheohar districts. The Railway track connects sitamarhi to Darbhanga (Broad-Gauge) and Raxaul & Narkatiaganj (meter-gauge).
  • Sports: Heman Trophy (cricket) is organised every year at the Goenka College Ground, which adds some zeal to the life of the youths. Cricket is played in every nook and corner of the district.
  • Festivals:Deepawali, Chhath Puja, Durga puja, Vishwakarma puja, Sarswati puja, Maha-shivratri, Holy deep in Baghmati on kartik Purnima and other festivals are celebrated with great enthusiasm.
  • Fairs: Vivah-Panchami Mela & Ramnavami Mela (huge market of cattles, horses and elephants are the main feature of these fairs)
  • Languages: Vajjika, Maithili, Hindi
  • Hotel: Sitayan,Rajkumar, Umang and Ashirvad are famous hotels of the district.
  • Personality: Late Major Chandrbhusan Duvedi (Kargil War Hero).
  • Doctor: Dr. Bharat Singh,Dr. Laxman Jha is fafous Surgeon,Dr. SN Mishra Chield Specialist and other famous doctors are also in Sitamarhi.
  • Advocate: Mr. Sudhakar Jha, Mr. Harimohan Jha, Mr Jaidev Jha, Mr Anand Kumar Jha
  • Temple: Maa Vaishno Devi Mandir& Maa Janki Madir

See also

External links

Coordinates: 26°36′00″N 85°29′00″E / 26.6°N 85.4833333°E / 26.6; 85.4833333


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..


Sitamarhi is one of the districts of Bihar state, India, and Sitamarhi town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Sitamarhi district is a part of Tirhut Division.

Population: Total: 2013796 Rural: 1894203 Urban: 119593
Sub Divisions: Sitamarhi Sadar, sheohar, Pupri
Blocks: Bathnaha, Parihar, Nanpur, Bazpatti, Bairgania, Belsand, Riga, Sursand, Pupri, Sonbarsa, Dumra, Runni Saidpur, Majorganj, Puranhia, Suppi, Parsauni, Bokhra, Chorout
Agriculture: Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Lentils
Industry: Sugar Factory, Rice and Oil Mills.
Rivers: Bagmati

History

This is the place where Sita was born, the main character of the epic Ramayana. The town is situated along the border of Nepal.The district of Sitamarhi was carved out of Muzaffarpur district on 11th December 1972. It is situated in the northern part of Bihar. Its headquarter is located at Dumra, five kilometers south of Sitamarhi.

Sitamarhi is a sacred place in Hindu mythology. Its history goes back to Treta Yug. Sita, the wife of Lord Rama sprang to life out of an earthern pot, when Raja Janak was ploughing the field somewhere near Sitamarhi to impress upon Lord Indra for rain. It is said that Raja Janak excavated a tank at the place where Sita emerged and after her marriage set up the stone figures of Rama, Sita and Lakshman to mark the site. This tank is known as Janaki-kund and is south of the Janaki Mandir.

In course of time, the land lapsed into a jungle until about 500 years ago, when a Hindu ascetic, named Birbal Das came to know the site by divine inspiration. He came down from Ayodhya and cleared the jungle. He found the images set up by Raja Janak, built a temple over there and commenced the worship of Janaki or Sita. The Janaki Mandir is apparently modern and is about 100 years old only. The town however contains no relics of archaeological interest.

It has witnessed communal violence lead by local politicians in the past but on the whole both the leading communities here a good rapport.

This district is often bereaved by natural calamities. One of the most devastating is excess flooding due to mis-management of the banks by both civilians and government officials.

Details of district

Head Quarters: Sitamarhi Area: Population: Total: 2013796 Rural: 1894203 Urban: 119593 Sub Divisions: Sitamarhi Sadar,Pupri Blocks:Bairgania, Bajpatti, Bathnaha,Belsand, Parihar, Nanpur, Riga, Sursand, Pupri, Sonbarsa, Dumra, Runni Saidpur, Majorganj, Suppi, Parsauni, Bokhra, Chorout Villages: Ratwara, Bela, Madhopur, Amanpur, Rudauli, Boha, Rasalpur, Paktola Agriculture: Paddy, Wheat, Maize, Lentils Industry: Sugar Factory, Rice and Oil Mills. Rivers: Bagmati, Lakhandei Sports: Heman Trophy (cricket) is organised every year at the Goinka College Grounds, which adds some zeal to the life of the youths. Cricket is played in every nook and corner of the district. Festivals: Durga puja, Vishwakarma puja, Sarswati puja and other festivals are celebrated with great enthusiasm.

See also

Districts of Bihar

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Sitamarhi district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
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This article uses material from the "Sitamarhi district" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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