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Sitia
Σητεία
View of Sitia with Kazarma fortress on top
View of Sitia with Kazarma fortress on top
Location
Sitia is located in Greece
Sitia
Coordinates 35°12′N 26°6′E / 35.2°N 26.1°E / 35.2; 26.1Coordinates: 35°12′N 26°6′E / 35.2°N 26.1°E / 35.2; 26.1
Government
Country: Greece
Periphery: Crete
Prefecture: Lasithi
Mayor: Nikolaos Kouroupakis
Population statistics (as of 2001[1])
City
 - Population: 14,338
 - Area: 277.382 km2 (107 sq mi)
 - Density: 52 /km2 (134 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone: EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)
Elevation (min-max): 0 - 5 m (0 - 16 ft)
Postal: 72x xx
Telephone: 284x0
Auto: ΑΝ
Website
www.sitia.gr

Sitia (Greek: Σητεία) refers both to a port town, with 8,900 inhabitants (2001) and a municipality, with 14,338 inhabitants (2001) in the far east of Crete, in the prefecture of Lasithi. It lies to the east of Agios Nikolaos and to the northeast of Ierapetra. The town is one of the economic centers of the Lasithi region. European route E75, which ends in Vardø, starts in Sitia. Plans to upgrade the local airport have not materialised. Sitia has not experienced the effects of mass tourism since the Poole family rented windsurfers back in the eighties; even though there is a long beach along the road leading to Vai and several places of historical interest, the town is visited by few tourists.

Contents

History

Sitia's harbor

The earliest settlement of the town dates back to Minoan times; excavations in the neighbouring site of Petras have unearthed architectural remains that date back to the end of the Neolithic period 3000 BC and continue throughout the Bronze Age 3000-1050 BC. According to Diogenes Laertius, Sitia was the home of Myson of Chen, one of the Seven Sages of Greece.

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Venetian Era

The town was later expanded and fortified by the Venetians who used it as a base of operations for the Eastern Mediterranean. During the Venetian occupation, the town was destroyed three times: by an earthquake in 1508, by a pirate attack in 1538 and finally by the Venetians themselves in 1651 so as not to fall into the hands of the Turks.

Modern Era

After the Venetians moved out of Crete, the town was abandoned for two centuries until it was resettled by farmers in 1869. The main remnant of the Venetian occupation is the Kazarma (from Italian casa di arma), the old fortress overlooking the harbor.

Notable people

References

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Greece : Crete : Sitia

Sitia is a city in the Sea of Crete region of Greece.

Get in

Sitia, 18 km from Palekastro and 60 from Ierapetra, with a population of 9500 people, is the easternmost city on Crete and perhaps the least developed. Even during the busy summer peak, Sitia retains a certain charm and laid-back style. On the other hand, this means that it is not deserted in the winter, like other tourist resorts of Crete.

Get around

During the Venetian occupation the town of Sitia was destroyed three times. In 1508 by a terrible earthquake, in 1538 by the pirate Barbarosa and in 1651 by the Venetians so as not to fall in the hands of the Turks. For two centuries Sitia ceased to exist as a town, until 1869. The present city was built in 1870. Sitia is the seat of administrative and public services for the county and has road and sea connections with various places in the island and with Pireaus and other Aegean islands.

There is also a small airport with connection to Athens, Kassos, Karpathos, Rhodes.

See

It has been inhabited since the Minoan period. At Petra, to the east of the town, a section of ancient settlement has been excavated. There is a waterfront with restaurants and cafes, a large public beach, and an archaeological museum which holds many of the findings from Palekastro.

Sleep

There are a lot of choices for accommodation in Sitia. There are some hotels near the harbour of the town. There are also one or two luxurious hotels, category A. But you can find cheap and expensive rooms or apartments as well. Some of them are new built and there are ideal for spending your holidays. Either in town or a suburb all of them are very close to the sea and keep the conditions for a good stay either you choose a cheap or an expensive solution.

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