Six Flags: Wikis

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Six Flags, Inc.
Type Public (OTCBB: SIXFQ)
Founded 1961
Headquarters New York, New York
Area served United States
Canada
Mexico
Key people Mark Shapiro, President and Chief Executive Officer; Jeffrey Speed, Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
Industry Amusement park operator
Revenue USD 1.021 billion (2008)[1]
Operating income USD$143.95 million (2008)
Net income USD$ -112.96 million (2008)
Employees 2,500 full-time; 33,000 seasonal
Website http://www.sixflags.com/

Six Flags, Inc. is the world's largest amusement park corporation based on quantity of properties and the 4th most popular in terms of attendance.[2] The company maintains 21 properties located throughout North America, including theme parks, thrill parks, water parks and family entertainment centers. In 2008, Six Flags properties hosted over 25 million guests[2].

The company was founded in Texas and took its name from its first property, Six Flags Over Texas. The company maintains its headquarters in Midtown Manhattan, New York City and a corporate office in Grand Prairie, Texas.[3] On June 13, 2009, the corporation filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.[4]

Contents

History

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Beginnings

Original Six Flags train still in operation (2007)

The name refers to the six flags that have flown over the state of Texas during its history, namely those of Spain, France, Mexico, The Republic of Texas, The Confederate States of America and the United States of America.

The Six Flags chain began in 1961 with the creation of Six Flags Over Texas by Angus G. Wynne of Arlington, Texas, which initially featured a Native American village, a gondola ride, a railroad, some Wild West shows, a stagecoach ride, and "Skull Island", a pirate-themed adventure attraction. There was also an excursion aboard "French" boats through a wilderness full of animated puppets. Over time, all of those attractions, except for the railroad, would be replaced by others, such as roller coasters, swing rides, log flumes, and shoot-the-chute rides, as well as an observation tower.

Growth and acquisitions

The original park in Arlington was sold in 1966 to a subsidiary of the Pennsylvania Railroad, which was actively pursuing non-railroad investments in an effort to diversify its sources of income. (In 1968, the company merged with the New York Central Railroad to form Penn Central Corp.) With the new owners came a more abundant supply of capital for geographic expansion and park additions. Six Flags opened Six Flags Over Georgia in 1967 and Six Flags Over Mid-America in 1971, which would, along with Six Flags Over Texas, be the only three parks that would be constructed by the company.

The company continued to grow by acquiring other independent parks. It purchased Astroworld in Houston, Texas in 1975, Great Adventure in Jackson, New Jersey in 1977 and Magic Mountain in Valencia, California in 1979 before Penn Central sold its assets to Bally Manufacturing Corporation in 1982. In 1984, the Great America theme park in Gurnee, Illinois was acquired from the Marriott hotel chain.

In 1984, as a result of its acquisition of Great America, the company acquired the rights to Warner Bros.' Looney Tunes animated characters for use in their properties. Bally surrendered control of the chain to Wesray Capital Corporation in a leveraged buyout in 1987. Time Warner quickly began to gain more leverage in the company, gaining a 19.5% stake in Six Flags in 1990 and then 50% in 1991, with the remaining shares of the company being split by Blackstone Group and Wertheim Schroder & Company. Time Warner purchased the remaining stakes in the company in 1993, changing the company's name from Six Flags Corp. to Six Flags Theme Parks, Inc.

In 1996, Six Flags acquired the Fiesta Texas theme park in San Antonio, Texas.

History of Premier Parks

Premier Parks originally operated as theTierco Group, Inc., an Oklahoma-based real estate company. The company purchased the sleepy Frontier City theme park in Oklahoma City in 1982 for $1.2 million. Tierco had no intention of entering into the amusement park business, however. Company officials described Frontier City as "beat up" and "run down"; they planned to demolish the park, subdivide the land, and build a shopping center. However, given the economic downturns prompted by an oil bust in Oklahoma, developers lost interest in the idea of converting the park into a shopping center. So in 1984 Tierco hired Gary Story as general manager of Frontier City and sunk about $39 million into improving the park. As the new manager of Frontier City, he would quadruple that park's attendance and revenues. Under his leadership, two new rides and a petting zoo were added to the park along with a new ticket booth, sales office, and improved food service.

In 1988, Tierco shifted its strategic direction from real estate to amusement parks. It sold much of its property during this time, which generated capital to reinvest in Frontier City. Once this reinvestment paid off in terms of increased business and profits, more capital became available, which meant further growth. Tierco opened White Water waterpark in 1991 (the name later being changed to White Water Bay). The company realized the key to boosting a park's attendance was to add new and exciting rides and make it more attractive to families.

Tierco acquired the financially troubled Wild World in Largo, Maryland, in 1992 and later changed that park's name to Adventure World. With a $500,000 investment, Tierco expanded Wild World's kiddie section and remodeled its buildings to give the park a tropical look and feel. Story was promoted to executive vice-president after the purchase of Wild World. In 1994, he was promoted again to president and chief operating officer (COO). More flat rides and a couple more roller coasters were added to that park.

Since Tierco was on its way to becoming a "premier" regional theme park operator, in 1994 it changed its name to Premier Parks, Inc. Kieran E. Burke, chairman and chief executive officer (CEO), noted that the new name signified the beginning of a new era for the company. At the end of 1994, Premier Parks acquired an agreement to manage Elitch Gardens in Denver, Colorado which had just relocated from outside the city.

During the next few years, Premier picked up speed. In 1995, the company acquired parks from Funtime Parks, Inc., namely Geauga Lake near Cleveland, Ohio, Wyandot Lake in Columbus, Ohio, Darien Lake, near Buffalo, New York, and Lake Compounce near Hartford, Connecticut. In 1996, Premier added to its portfolio. It bought Elitch Gardens in Denver, Colorado outright, Waterworld USA waterparks in Sacramento and Concord, California, Riverside Park, near Springfield, Massachusetts, and Great Escape and Splashwater Kingdom at Lake George, New York. Premier immediately sold Lake Compounce to Kennywood.

Geauga Lake, Wyandot Lake, and Adventure World had water parks within their amusement parks while Frontier City had one that was adjacent and has separate admission. Riverside added their water park in 1994 just before selling to Premiere. Premier Parks also added water parks to Darien Lake, Lake Compounce (right before selling it), Elitch Gardens, and Great Escape in 1995 and 1996.

Premier went public in 1996 and raised nearly $70 million through an initial offering at $18 a share. The company planned to use the money to expand its ten parks and acquire new ones. In 1997, Premier purchased Kentucky Kingdom, in Louisville, Kentucky and Marine World, near San Francisco. A second public offering at $29 a share raised an additional two million dollars. A water park was added to Kentucky Kingdom in 1998. Nearly 8.8 million people visited Premier's parks in 1996, making it the second largest chain in the world by attendance. They added amusement park rides and roller coasters to Marine World in 1997 as well. Premier Parks also made plans to acquire more parks and wound up buying a larger corporation late that year.

Accquisition of Six Flags by Premier Parks

Six Flags México.

Six Flags Theme Parks Inc. was purchased in whole on 1 April, 1998 from Time Warner by Premier Parks for $1.86 billion. Premier then began to apply the Six Flags name to a number of smaller parks that the company had already owned, including Darien Lake, Elitch Gardens, Kentucky Kingdom and Adventure World.

In 2000, Premier Parks assumed the Six Flags Theme Parks, Inc. name and continued re-branding its parks, most notably the former Geauga Lake into Six Flags Ohio. Six Flags began vigorously expanding, attempting to branch out internationally, acquiring numerous properties across the country and overseas including the Walibi chain and historic Belgian park Bellewaerde in Europe, La Ronde in Canada, and Reino Aventura in Mexico. Three of those parks were re-branded as Six Flags parks--Walibi Flevo became Six Flags Holland, Walibi Wavre became Six Flags Belgium and Reino Aventura became Six Flags Mexico.

In 2001, Six Flags acquired the former SeaWorld Ohio from Anheuser-Busch, merged it with the adjacent Six Flags Ohio and re-branded the park again, this time into Six Flags Worlds of Adventure. The park was positioned to compete against northern Ohio's more famous amusement park, Cedar Point.

Sell-off of assets and shareholder revolt

The company lost money every year since 1998, amassing more than $2 billion in debt, which some analysts say is due to over-expansion and mismanagement. In 2004, Six Flags began to close and sell properties in an effort to help alleviate the company's growing debt. On March 10, Six Flags sold its European parks, with the exception of the Movie World park in Madrid, Spain, to Star Parks Group. The Madrid park was sold back to Time Warner and renamed "Parque Warner Madrid." In April that year, Six Flags determined that the investment required to keep Worlds of Adventure competitive with Cedar Point would be too great, and thus the company sold the park to Cedar Fair, the owner of Cedar Point. These sales raised $345 million in an effort to relieve Six Flags' massive debt.[5]

In 2005, Six Flags endured even more turmoil. Some of the company's largest investors, notably Bill Gates' Cascade Investments (which owns about 11% of Six Flags) and Daniel Snyder's Red Zone, LLC (which owns 12%), demanded change. Indeed, on August 17, 2005, Red Zone began a proxy battle to gain control of Six Flags' board of directors. Later that month, Six Flags New Orleans would be severely damaged by Hurricane Katrina.

On September 12, 2005, Six Flags Chief Executive Officer Kieran Burke announced that Six Flags Astroworld would be closed and demolished at the end of the 2005 season. The company cited issues such as the park's performance, and parking issues involving the Houston Texans football team, Reliant Stadium, and the Houston Livestock Show and Rodeo, leveraged with the estimated value of the property upon which the park was located. Company executives were expecting to receive upwards of $150 million for the real estate, but ended up receiving $77 million when the bare property (which cost $20 million to clear) was sold to a development corporation in 2006.[6].

On November 22, 2005, Red Zone announced it had gained control of the board. Kieran Burke was removed on December 14, 2005 and replaced by Mark Shapiro, former Executive Vice President of Programming at ESPN. Six Flags then named former Representative Jack Kemp, entertainment mogul Harvey Weinstein, and Michael Kassan, the former president of the Interpublic Group of Companies Incorporated, to their newly revamped board of directors.

Even with the new management team, the sell-off would continue into 2006. On January 27, Six Flags announced the sale of the Frontier City theme park and White Water Bay water park, both located in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, at the conclusion of the 2006 operating season. At the same time, Six Flags also announced its plan to close corporate offices in Oklahoma City, moving its headquarters to New York City. Six Flags CEO Mark Shapiro said he expects the parks to continue operation after the sale, a lesson the company learned after its public relations debacle with the closure of Astroworld.

In June 2006, Six Flags announced it was considering closing or selling up to six of its parks, including Elitch Gardens, Darien Lake, WaterWorld in Concord, California, Wild Waves and Enchanted Village in Federal Way, Washington, Splashtown in Houston, Texas and, most notably, Six Flags Magic Mountain.[7] In addition, Six Flags also announced the sale of Wyandot Lake in Powell, Ohio to the Columbus Zoo and Aquarium, which is located next to the park.[8] Ultimately, Six Flags Magic Mountain was spared, with the remaining six parks sold on January 11, 2007 to PARC Management for $312 million, $275 million cash and a note for $37 million. PARC 7F, of Jacksonville, Florida, is expected to sell the parks to CNL Income Properties Inc., a real-estate trust based in Florida and then lease them back.

Bankruptcy

In October 2008, Six Flags was warned its stock value had fallen below the required minimums to remain listed on the New York Stock Exchange.[9] With the 2008-2009 global financial crisis weighing both on consumer spending and the ability to access credit facilities, Six Flags was believed to be unable to make a payment to preferred stockholders due in August 2009.[10] Management saw the business as a sound one, noting that attendance across the company's parks increased slightly in 2008 despite the economy.[9] Six Flags CEO Mark Shapiro said that the company's problem was the obligations it inherited from the previous management group.[9] If not resolved, the company warned in its 2008 annual report[11] that the situation might require a Chapter 11 bankruptcy filing, with Six Flags already retaining counsel should that occur.[10] The company stated at the time that it expected business to continue as normal in the event of such a filing,[9] although one analyst believed attendance at the company's parks would decrease by six percent, suggesting parents would be leery of letting their children ride a roller coaster operated by a bankrupt company.[10] In April 2009, the New York Stock Exchange announced it would delist Six Flags' stock on April 20, a decision that the company did not intend to appeal.[12] On June 1, 2009, Six Flags announced they would delay their $15 million debt payment further using a 30-day grace period. Less than two weeks later, on June 13, the firm filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection[4], but issued a statement that the parks would continue to operate normally while the company restructured.[13] On August 21st, 2009, Six Flags' Chapter 11 restructuring plan was announced in which lenders would control 92% of the company in exchange for cancelling $1.13 billion in debt[14]. The approval of this plan is pending per the decision of the presiding U.S. Bankruptcy Judge.

One component of the restructuring was negotiating a new lease agreement with the Kentucky State Fair Board, which owned much of the land and attractions for Six Flags Kentucky Kingdom.[15] Six Flags had asked to forgo rent payments for the remaining nine years of its current lease agreement in exchange for profit-sharing from the park's operations.[16] When it appeared that the offer had been rejected, Six Flags announced in February 2010 that it would not re-open the park.[15] However, the Kentucky State Fair Board stated at the time that they were still open to negotiating a revised lease agreement.[17]

Future expansion

Six Flags and China signed a deal to allow new Six Flags Properties in China. On April 15, it was announced it has entered into a one-year, multi-million dollar exclusivity agreement with Gulf Finance House B.S.C., a publicly traded Islamic Investment Bank in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Under the agreement, Gulf Finance will pay for the exclusive right to license the Six Flags brand and related intellectual property for theme park development in the People's Republic of China. Additionally, the two parties may collaborate on the future construction of a Six Flags-themed luxury resort. The deal was unveiled April 15, 2008 by Six Flags President and CEO Mark Shapiro and Gulf Finance House Acting CEO Peter Panayiotou. "This partnership underscores the renewed health of our brand and the opportunities that now lie ahead for our unique thrill park experience," said Shapiro. "We're excited about the potential of collaborating with Gulf Finance House to bring the new Six Flags and its recharged product to an entirely new audience."[18]

Marketing efforts

Initially, Six Flags parks would prepare separate marketing campaigns for each park, sometimes with special themes (like the 25th anniversary of Six Flags Great America and the 35th anniversary of Six Flags Over Georgia in 2002). In 2004, Six Flags began a series of commercials linking all of the parks. The commercials were notable for a new mascot, "Mr. Six", an apparently feeble old man in a tuxedo and red bow tie. In many of the commercials, Mr. Six would slowly exit a multi-colored bus, only to start frenetically dancing to the Vengaboys' "We Like to Party." The commercials were an immediate hit and Mr. Six almost instantly became the official mascot, although he was initially retired after the 2005 season. Since 2008, Six Flags' TV ads have a "Fun-O-Meter" in which the beginning of the ad may show something boring or embarrassing and a man's face judges it "One Flag!" or sometimes "Two Flags!" Then roller coasters and attractions of Six Flags are shown and says "Six Flags, More Flags, More Fun!" which is the current slogan of Six Flags parks. However, the thick accent of the Asian man in the original commercials had drawn criticism for being an offensive caricature.[19] In 2009, the Mr. Six character came back from retirement and replaced the Asian man in Six Flags' ads, still using the Fun-O-Meter.

Six Flags has licensed its name and its theme park creations to other companies, who have used these assets to create licensed products. One such example is the theme park simulation game Roller Coaster Tycoon 2, which featured recreations of Six Flags parks and rides that could be expanded and operated at the player's discretion. Six Flags has also partnered with Brash Entertainment to create a video game called "Six Flags Fun Park." It allows the player to explore the themed areas and mini-games representative of a visit to a Six Flags park. In the game, players are tasked with quests that encourage them to explore the park's universe. After creating a unique custom character, Six Flags Fun Park patrons can win prizes, and compete with other players in 40 mini-games. Although the video game is called Six Flags Fun Park, it lacks any major reference of Six Flags. This caused some to speculate that the video game was created then the rights to the name of the game were sold as a way to pay for the game's development.

In recent years, Six Flags has created strategic partnerships with other companies who would feature their products inside the parks. On March 30, 2006, Six Flags announced that it will sell no other pizza besides Papa John's at its parks. In turn, Six Flags will receive an annual sponsorship and promotional opportunities from Papa John's, though financial details of the deal have not been disclosed. Other recent partners have included Cold Stone Creamery, Johnny Rockets, Tyson Foods (chicken), Chrysler, and Nintendo, which added testing stations in several parks to show off its new Wii console.[20]

Other assets

On June 19, 2007, Six Flags announced it had purchased 40% of Dick Clark Productions, which owns rights to American Bandstand and other shows and productions.[21]

Current properties

These properties are listed in the order they joined their respective chain, either by construction or by acquisition.
Note: Properties marked with a † were owned by Premier Parks prior to their purchase of Six Flags in 1998.

Name Location Year Opened Year Acquired Notes
Six Flags Over Texas Arlington, Texas 1961 N/A The first Six Flags park. The park is owned by a limited partnership and is managed by Six Flags.
Six Flags Over Georgia Austell, Georgia 1967 N/A Like Six Flags Over Texas, the park is owned by a limited partnership and is managed by Six Flags.
Six Flags St. Louis Eureka, Missouri 1971 N/A Last full theme park opened new under Six Flags.

Originally opened as Six Flags Over Mid-America (name changed in 1996). Accompanied by Six Flags Hurricane Harbor opened in 1999.

Six Flags Great Adventure Jackson, New Jersey 1974 1977 Accompanied by Six Flags Wild Safari opened in 1974, and Six Flags Hurricane Harbor opened in 2000.
Six Flags Magic Mountain Valencia, California 1971 1979 Accompanied by Six Flags Hurricane Harbor opened in 1995.
Six Flags Great America Gurnee, Illinois 1976 1984 Originally opened as Marriott's Great America. Accompanied by Six Flags Hurricane Harbor opened in 2005.
Six Flags Hurricane Harbor Valencia, California 1995 N/A Separately gated waterpark accompanying Six Flags Magic Mountain.
Six Flags Hurricane Harbor Arlington, Texas 1983 1995 Originally opened as Wet N Wild.

Separately gated waterpark accompanying Six Flags Over Texas.

Six Flags Fiesta Texas San Antonio, Texas 1992 1996 Includes White Water Bay inside park.
Six Flags America Largo, Maryland 1982 1992 † Originally opened as Wild World, park was later renamed Adventure World. Park was re-branded in 1999.

Includes Six Flags Hurricane Harbor water park, which took on that name in 2005.

The Great Escape & Splashwater Kingdom Queensbury, New York [22] 1954 1996 † Splashwater Kingdom was added in 1995.

The company added a hotel, the Great Escape Lodge and White Water Bay, an indoor water park, in 2006.

Six Flags Discovery Kingdom Vallejo, California 1968 1997 † Originally opened as Marine World Africa USA.

Initially re-branded as Six Flags Marine World, it received its current name in 2007.

Six Flags New England Agawam, Massachusetts [23][24] 1840 1997 † The park was re-branded in 2000.

Includes Six Flags Hurricane Harbor Water park, which was added in 1998.

Six Flags White Water Marietta, Georgia 1983 1999 Park is located across town from Six Flags Over Georgia.

The same limited partnership owns all the properties in the Atlanta market.

Six Flags Mexico Mexico City, Mexico 1982 1999 Originally opened as Reino Aventura, the park was re-branded in 2000.
Six Flags Hurricane Harbor Jackson, New Jersey 2000 N/A Located adjacent to Six Flags Great Adventure and wild safari, requires separate admission.
La Ronde Montreal, Quebec 1967 2001 Opened as the midway for Expo '67.

Former properties

These properties are listed in alphabetical order by the final name of the park while under Six Flags control.

Park Location Year Opened Year Closed/Sold Notes
American Adventures Marietta, Georgia 1983 2008 The park is located adjacent to Six Flags White Water, and is marketed to families with young children. The park was acquired by Zuma Holdings in May 2008.
Bellewaerde Ypres, Belgium 1954 2004 Park was acquired in 1998. Property was sold and remains in operation under new management.
Frontier City Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 1958 2007 Park was owned by Premier Parks when it purchased the Six Flags chain. Sold to PARC Management in the 2007 property sell-off.
Movieland Wax Museum Buena Park, California 1962 1985 Purchased in 1970 this wax museum sold all of its holdings and moved many of the sets and wax figures to California, but sold the original clothing and props to the American Musical Academy of Arts Association. The museum was eventually closed in 2005.
Six Flags Astroworld Houston, Texas 1968 2005 Astroworld was acquired in 1974. Park was sold and demolished for other development.
Six Flags Atlantis Hollywood, Florida 1982 1989 Water park was acquired in 1984. Property was sold, but was eventually demolished in 1994.
Six Flags AutoWorld Flint, Michigan 1984 1985 Indoor entertainment venue was eventually closed and facility demolished.
Six Flags Belgium Wavre, Belgium 1975 2004 The Walibi properties were purchased in 1998. The park remains open today under new management.
Six Flags Darien Lake Buffalo, New York 1964 2007 Purchased by Premier Parks in 1995. Sold to PARC Management in the 2007 property sell-off.
Six Flags Elitch Gardens Denver, Colorado 1890 2007 Park was owned by Premier Parks when it purchased the Six Flags chain. Sold to PARC Management in the 2007 property sell-off.
Six Flags Holland Biddinghuizen, Netherlands 1971 2004 Like the other Walibi properties, the former Walibi Flevo was purchased in 1998. The park remains open today under new management.
Six Flags Kentucky Kingdom Louisville, Kentucky 1987 2010 Initially built by local investors.

Park includes Six Flags Splashwater Kingdom water park, which opened in 1992. In February 2010, Six Flags announced it would close the park due to a dispute with the Kentucky State Fair Board, from which Six Flags leased much of the park's land area and attractions.[16]

Six Flags New Orleans New Orleans, Louisiana 2000 2005 Originally opened as Jazzland, the park was re-branded in 2003.

Park was closed after severe damage from Hurricane Katrina in 2005, with Six Flags making no plans to re-open the facility.

Six Flags Power Plant Baltimore, Maryland 1985 1989 Located in the Inner Harbor district of Baltimore, the site of this indoor amusement park has been redeveloped with Hard Rock Cafe, Barnes & Noble, Gold's Gym, and the world's first ESPN Zone location.
Six Flags SplashTown Harris County, Texas 1984 2007 Sold to PARC Management in the 2007 property sell-off.
Six Flags Stars Hall of Fame Orlando, Florida 1975 1984 This wax museum was located near SeaWorld Orlando. Like SeaWorld, it was acquired by Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, but the wax museum was closed almost immediately after the sale.
Six Flags Waterworld Concord, California 1995 2007 The water park was acquired by Premier Parks prior to its purchase of Six Flags. Sold to PARC Management in the 2007 property sell-off.
Six Flags Waterworld Houston, Texas 1983 2005 The water park was adjacent to Six Flags Astroworld. Park was sold and demolished for other development.
Six Flags Waterworld Sacramento, California 1986 2007 The water park was acquired by Premier Parks prior to its purchase of Six Flags. Six Flags announced that they would not renew the parks lease with Cal Expo at the end of the 2006 season. Raging Waters took over operation prior to the 2007 season.
Six Flags Worlds of Adventure Aurora, Ohio 1889 2004 Geauga Lake park was purchased by Premier Parks in 1995 prior to its purchase of the entire Six Flags chain. Branded as Six Flags Ohio for its opening season, it was then renamed Six Flags Worlds of Adventure when Six Flags annexed the adjacent SeaWorld Ohio marine park in 2001. After a few years, the entire property was sold to competing amusement park operator Cedar Fair.
Warner Bros. Movie World Germany Bottrop, Germany 1967 2004 The park was purchased in 1998. It was sold, with most of the other European parks, in the same transaction in 2004.
Warner Bros. Park Madrid Madrid, Spain 2002 2004 The park was built in a joint venture, to be managed by Six Flags. Sold back to Warner Bros. apart from the other European Six Flags parks.
Walibi Aquitaine Bordeaux, France 1992 2004 The Walibi properties were purchased in 1998. The park remains open today under new management.
Walibi Lorraine Metz, France 1989 2004 The Walibi properties were purchased in 1998. The park remains open today under new management.
Walibi Rhône-Alpes Lyon, France 1979 2004 The Walibi properties were purchased in 1998. The park remains open today under new management.
White Water Bay Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 1981 2007 Sold to PARC Management in the 2007 property sell-off.
Wild Waves and Enchanted Village Federal Way, Washington 1977 2007 This combination water park and amusement park was sold in 2007, and remains open to this day.
Wyandot Lake Columbus, Ohio 1896 2006 The property was sold to the adjacent Columbus Zoo in 2006. The park reopened under zoo management on May 26, 2008 as Zoombezi Bay.

Accidents

References

  1. ^ Six Flags income statement
  2. ^ a b "TEA/ERA Theme Park Attendance Report 2007" (PDF). www.themeit.com. 2008-03-14. http://www.connectingindustry.com/downloads/pwteaerasupp.pdf. Retrieved 2008-03-14. 
  3. ^ "Contact Us." Six Flags. Retrieved on May 6, 2009.
  4. ^ a b "Six Flags Enters Final Phase of Financial Restructuring". 2009-06-13. http://finance.yahoo.com/news/Six-Flags-Enters-Final-Phase-bw-15517567.html?.v=1. Retrieved 2009-06-13. 
  5. ^ CoasterGallery.com - Six Flags sells numerous parks
  6. ^ Local developer to acquire former Astroworld site - Houston Business Journal:
  7. ^ Six Flags Considers Selling Elitch Gardens - Money News Story - KMGH Denver
  8. ^ Zoo to keep Wyandot Lake afloat, Marla Matzer Rose. Columbus Dispatch, June 13, 2006.
  9. ^ a b c d Alejandro Lazo (2009-03-13). "For Six Flags, Debt Squeeze Looms as Latest Hurdle". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/03/12/AR2009031203317.html. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  10. ^ a b c Tim Arango (2009-03-13). "Six Flags in Negotiations to Stave Off Chapter 11". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2009/03/14/business/14flags.html. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  11. ^ "Six Flags faces bankruptcy". Chicago Tribune. 2009-03-14. http://www.chicagotribune.com/business/chi-tc-biz-brf-six-flags-0314mar14,0,1079808.story. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  12. ^ "Six Flags delisted". Atlanta Business Journal. 2009-04-09. http://www.bizjournals.com/atlanta/stories/2009/04/06/daily82.html. Retrieved 2009-04-12. 
  13. ^ http://www.sixflags.com/national/footernav/frequentlyaskedquestions.aspx
  14. ^ http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601103&sid=aPiLLmSHA91M
  15. ^ a b Janet Cappiello Blake (2010-02-05). "Six Flags theme park Kentucky Kingdom is closing". WHAS11.com. http://www.whas11.com/home/Kentucky-Kingdom-Park-to-Close-83593392.html. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  16. ^ a b "What's next for Six Flags? No signs of reversal in closing decision". WHAS11.com. 2010-02-07. http://www.whas11.com/news/local/Whats-next-for-Six-Flags-Fair-Pres-says-rides-might-not-be-going-anywhere-83772172.html. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  17. ^ Joe Arnold (2010-02-04). "Fair Board Pres:"caught by surprise" with 6 Flags closing". WHAS11.com. http://www.whas11.com/community/blogs/political-blog/Fair-Board-Prescaught-by-surprise-with-6-Flags-closing-83608457.html. Retrieved 2010-02-08. 
  18. ^ http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/idUS145150+15-Apr-2008+PRN20080415
  19. ^ Stride, Megan (2008-08-05). "'Six Flags' TV ads get thumbs down from some Asian Americans". AM New York. http://www.amny.com/business/am-sixflags0805,0,3827486.story. Retrieved 2008-08-05. 
  20. ^ N-Sider.com: Nintendo promotes Wii with Six Flags
  21. ^ Six Flags - Investor Relations - Financial Release
  22. ^ "Recreational Opportunites Map". Town of Queensbury Department of Community Development. http://www.queensbury.net/GIS/rec_ops.pdf. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  23. ^ "USGS map centered on Six Flags New England (Riverside Park)". USGS (via ACME maps). http://mapper.acme.com/?ll=42.71798,-73.75440&z=15&t=T&marker0=41.42161%2C-74.04176%2CCornwall%5C%2C%20New%20York&marker1=41.00241%2C-75.07207%2CSunfish%20Pond&marker2=42.70640%2C-73.76520%2CLoudonville%5C%2C%20NY. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 
  24. ^ "MassGIS Census Browser". Massachusetts Office of Geographical and Environmental Information. http://maps.massgis.state.ma.us/censustown/pages/main.jsp. Retrieved 2009-05-11. 

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