Sixteenth United States Congress: Wikis

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16th United States Congress
USCapitol1827A.gif
United States Capitol (1827)

Duration: March 4, 1819 – March 3, 1821

President of the Senate: Daniel D. Tompkins
President pro tempore: James Barbour
John Gaillard
Speaker of the House: Henry Clay
John W. Taylor
Members: 46 Senators
186 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic-Republican
House Majority: Democratic-Republican

Sessions
1st: December 6, 1819 – May 15, 1820
2nd: November 13, 1820 – March 3, 1821
<15th 17th>

The Sixteenth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1819 to March 3, 1821, during the third and fourth years of James Monroe's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Third Census of the United States in 1810. Both chambers had a Democratic-Republican majority.

President pro tempore of the Senate James Barbour
Speaker of the House Henry Clay

Major events

Major legislation

States admitted and territories created

Party summary

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

TOTAL members: 46

House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 186

Leadership

President of the Senate Daniel D. Tompkins

Senate

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1820; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1822; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1824.

Alabama

Connecticut

Delaware

Georgia

Illinois

Indiana

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

Massachusetts

Mississippi

New Hampshire

New Jersey

New York

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

Rhode Island

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

Virginia

House of Representatives

Alabama

Connecticut

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Delaware

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Georgia

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Illinois

Indiana

Kentucky

Louisiana

Maine

Maryland

The 5th district was a plural district with two representatives.

Massachusetts

Mississippi

New Hampshire

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New Jersey

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

New York

There were six plural districts, the 1st, 2nd, 12th, 15th, 20th & 21st, each had two representatives.

North Carolina

Ohio

Pennsylvania

There were six plural districts, the 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th & 10th had two representatives each, the 1st had four representatives.

Rhode Island

Both representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

South Carolina

Tennessee

Vermont

All representatives were elected statewide on a general ticket.

Virginia

Non-voting members

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate

There were 5 resignations, 2 deaths, 2 vacancies before the Congress, and 4 new seats. The Democratic-Republicans had an 7 seat net gain and the Federalists had a 1 seat net loss.

State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Georgia
class 2
Vacant John Forsyth had resigned before the beginning of the Congress. Freeman Walker (DR) Elected November 6, 1819
Kentucky
class 3
Vacant John J. Crittenden had resigned before the beginning of the Congress. Richard M. Johnson (DR) Elected December 10, 1819
Alabama
class 2
New seats Alabama was admitted to the Union. John W. Walker (DR) Elected December 14, 1819
Alabama
class 3
William R. King (DR) Elected December 14, 1819
Maine
class 2
Maine was admitted to the Union. John Holmes (F) Elected June 13, 1820
Maine
class 1
John Chandler (DR) Elected June 14, 1820
Maryland
class 1
Alexander C. Hanson (F) Died April 23, 1819 William Pinkney (DR) Elected December 21, 1819
Virginia
class 2
John W. Eppes (DR) Resigned December 4, 1819 James Pleasants (DR) Elected December 10, 1819
Massachusetts
class 1
Prentiss Mellen (F) Resigned May 15, 1820 Elijah H. Mills (F) Elected June 12, 1820
Mississippi
class 1
Walter Leake (DR) Resigned May 15, 1820 after becoming US Marshal for Mississippi David Holmes (DR) Appointed August 30, 1820
Kentucky
class 2
William Logan (DR) Resigned May 28, 1820 to run for Governor of Kentucky Isham Talbot (DR) Elected October 19, 1820
Rhode Island
class 2
James Burrill, Jr. (F) Died December 25, 1820 Nehemiah R. Knight (DR) Elected January 9, 1821
New Jersey
class 1
James J. Wilson (DR) Resigned January 8, 1821 Samuel L. Southard (DR) Appointed January 26, 1821

House of Representatives

There were 13 resignations, 5 deaths, 2 contested elections, and 2 new seats. The Democratic-Republicans had a 3 seat net loss and the Federalists had no net change.

District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of successor's taking office
North Caroina
2nd
Vacant Hutchins G. Burton (DR) Seated December 6, 1819
Alabama
At-large
New seat Alabama was admitted to the Union. John Crowell (DR) Seated December 14, 1819
New York
1st
Vacant Contested election. Representative-elect Ebenezer Sage never qualified. James Guyon, Jr. (DR) Seated January 14, 1820
Maine
At-large
New seat Maine was admitted to the Union. Joseph Dane (F) Seated December 11, 1820
New Jersey
At-large
John Condit (DR) Resigned November 4, 1819 Charles Kinsey (DR) Seated February 16, 1820
Virginia 17th James Pleasants (DR) Resigned December 14, 1819 William S. Archer (F) Seated January 18, 1820
Vermont 1st Orsamus C. Merrill (DR) Contested election, served until January 12, 1820 Rollin C. Mallary (DR) Seated January 13, 1820
Virginia 20th James Johnson (DR) Resigned February 1, 1820 John C. Gray (DR) Seated November 13, 1820
Virginia 10th George F. Strother (DR) Resigned February 10, 1820 Thomas L. Moore (DR) Seated November 13, 1820
Kentucky
6th
David Walker (DR) Died March 1, 1820 Francis Johnson (DR) Seated November 13, 1820
Massachusetts
14th
John Holmes (DR) Resigned March 15, 1820 to become U.S. Senator from Maine. Vacant Seat lost to Maine
Massachusetts
1st
Jonathan Mason (F) Resigned May 15, 1820 Benjamin Gorham (DR) Seated November 27, 1820
Pennsylvania
5th
David Fullerton (DR) Resigned May 15, 1820 Thomas G. McCullough (F) Seated November 13, 1820
Massachusetts
13th
Edward Dowse (DR) Resigned May 26, 1820 William Eustis (DR) Seated November 13, 1820
Kentucky
9th
Tunstall Quarles (DR) Resigned June 15, 1820 Thomas Montgomery (DR) Seated November 13, 1820
Massachusetts
8th
Zabdiel Sampson (DR) Resigned July 26, 1820 Aaron Hobart (DR) Seated December 18, 1820
Virginia 1st James Pindall (F) Resigned July 26, 1820 Edward B. Jackson (DR) Seated November 13, 1820
Pennsylvania
7th
Joseph Hiester (DR) Resigned December 1820 Daniel Udree (DR) Seated January 8, 1821
Rhode Island
At-large
Nathaniel Hazard (DR) Died December 17, 1820 Vacant Not filled in this Congress
North Carolina
4th
Jesse Slocumb (F) Died December 20, 1820 William S. Blackledge (DR) Seated February 7, 1821
New Jersey
At-large
John Linn (DR) Died January 5, 1821 Vacant Not filled in this Congress
Delaware
At-large
Willard Hall (DR) Resigned January 22, 1821 Vacant Not filled in this Congress
Virginia 14th William A. Burwell (DR) Died February 16, 1821 Vacant Not filled in this Congress

Officers

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.  

External links


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