38.011 (38°0'40') N lat.
23.6 (23°36') E long.
around 300 to 400 m, Aigaleo
|Postal code:||124 62|
|Area/distance code:||11-30-210 (030-210)
|3-letter abbreviation:||SKA (Skaramagkas)|
|Address of communal administration:||St.
Skaramagas 124 62
Skaramagas (also spelled Skaramangas, Skaramagkas, Skaramaga or Skaramanga, older forms Scaramangas or Scaramanga, Greek: Σκαραμαγκάς or Σκαραμαγκά) is a small town in the western part of Athens, Greece. It is part of the municipality of Chaidari. The town has a refinery and a shipyard which mainly carry oil production to other parts of the Mediterranean and the world. The bay area is one of the most productive oil-producing areas in Greece. It is located E of Eleusis, S of Attiki Odos (highway 6), W of Athens, N of Piraeus and NE of Perama.
Athinon Avenue runs to the north which is part of GR-8A/E94 and with an interchange with the road to Piraeus which is in the central part of the town. In the future, Skaramagas will be accessed via Aigaleo Ring (highway 65) of Attiki Odos.
The area was mainly made up of farmlands or unused lands in the valleys. Mixed farming was common. Urban development replaced much of the farmlands between the 1960s and the 1980s. Most of the community are rocky and bushy to the north and the south while most of the pine forest lie to the east and is part of the Dafni forests. More forests are to the southwest within the bay. The mountaintops are to the north and diagonally to the south. The residential area lies to the northeast and the western part while shops are in the central part. The area also has an industrial area.
Skaramangas Bay (Greek: Όρμος Σκαραμαγκά Ormos Skaramagka) is a bay that connects the southeastern part of the Elefsina Bay and the norteastern part of the Saronic. Part of the bay is a lagoon to the northeast. Forests including some trees lie near the bay. The shipyard named Skaramagkas Shipyard (Greek: Ναυπηγεία Σκαραμαγκά Nafpigeia Skaramagka) was opened and was named the Hellenic Shipyard Company which the Hellenic Navy (then Royal Hellenic Navy) in 1939 founded the Royal Hellenic Naval Shipyard (RNHS) (now the Hellenic Naval Shipyard) in order to construct two torpedo vessels.
In 1973, the Skaramagas naval base was the scene of an experiment carried out by Greek scientist Ioannis Sakkas, aimed at proving whether or not it was possible for Archimedes to use focused sunlight as "a heat ray" and burn Roman ships during the Siege of Syracuse - which is mentioned in ancient accounts but often doubted by modern historians. In the 1973 expeiment at Skaramagas, 70 mirrors with a copper coating, such as were available in Archimedes' time, did focus enough sunlight to set on fire a plywood mock-up of a Roman warship at a distance of around 160 feet (50 m).
Between November 1978 and May 1979, the ship Tombazis underwent structural modifications at Hinder IV. On September 9, 2001, the port was on sale. On October 10, a month later, the privatization was signed. On March 6, 2002, the port became entirely owned by a German group of investors under the industrial leadership of HDW, which itself became a subsidiary of ThyssenKrupp in 2005.
The refinery near Skaramangas Bay also lies to the north and the northern part belongs to Aspropyrgos. Most of the oil are mainly exported. The oil depots are around the refinery. The mountains are west of the refinery,
Skaramangas has a school, a lyceum, a gymnasium, and a square (plateia).