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Skin disease: Wikis


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Skin disease
Classification and external resources
MeSH D012871

Dermatosis (plural dermatoses), a noun, is defined as "any disease of the skin,"[1][2][3] and, while thousands of skin disorders have been described, only a small number account for most visits to the doctor.[3] Uncommon presentations of common diseases are common.[4]



Avicenna's The Canon of Medicine (1025) described treatments for a variety of skin conditions, including skin cancer. The preferred medication it recommended was zinc oxide. Though today it is no longer used for treating skin cancer, it is still widely used today to treat a variety of other skin conditions, in products such as baby powder and creams to treat diaper rashes, calamine cream, anti-dandruff shampoos, and antiseptic ointments.[5]

In 1572, Geronimo Mercuriali of Forlì, Italy, completed De morbis cutaneis (translated "On the diseases of the skin"). It is considered the first scientific work dedicated to dermatology.

In World War I, over two million days of service are estimated to have been lost by reason of skin diseases alone.[6]

Clinical findings

The most important clinical questions are location of the skin lesions (arms, head, legs, etc.), symptoms (pruritus, pain, etc.), duration (acute or chronic), arrangement (solitary, generalized, annular, linear, etc.), morphology (macules, papules, vesicles, etc.), and color (red, blue, brown, black, white, yellow, etc).[4]

See also


  1. ^ Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary. Random House, Inc. 2001. Page 537. ISBN 037572026.
  2. ^ James, William; Berger, Timothy; Elston, Dirk (2005). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology (10th ed.). Saunders. ISBN 0721629210.
  3. ^ a b Marks, James G; Miller, Jeffery (2006). Lookingbill and Marks' Principles of Dermatology (4th ed.). Elsevier Inc. ISBN 1-4160-3185-5.
  4. ^ a b Rapini, Ronald P. (2005). Practical dermatopathology. Elsevier Mosby. ISBN 0-323-01198-5.  
  5. ^ Harding, Fred John (2007), Breast Cancer: Cause - Prevention - Cure, Tekline Publishing, p. 82, ISBN 0955422108  
  6. ^ Lane, CG. "Medical Progress, Military Dermatology." N Engl J Med. 1942;227:293-299.


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