Slade Gorton: Wikis

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This article is about Thomas "Slade" Gorton the senator; Slade Gorton (born 1832), who co-founded Gorton's of Gloucester, was an ancestor of the senator.
Slade Gorton


In office
January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1987
Preceded by Warren G. Magnuson
Succeeded by Brock Adams
In office
January 3, 1989 – January 3, 2001
Preceded by Dan Evans
Succeeded by Maria Cantwell

Born January 8, 1928 (1928-01-08) (age 82)
Chicago, Illinois
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Sally Jean Clark
Religion Episcopalian

Thomas Slade Gorton III (born January 8, 1928) is an American politician. A Republican, he was a U.S. senator from Washington state from 1981 until 1987, and then from 1989 until 2001. He held both of the state's Senate seats in his career and was narrowly defeated for reelection twice as an incumbent; in 1986 by Brock Adams, and in 2000 by Maria Cantwell after a recount. Gorton was twice both Senior Senator (1983-1987, 1993-2001) and Junior Senator (1981-1983, 1989-1993).

Contents

Background

Gorton was born in Chicago, Illinois and served in the United States Army from 1945 until 1946. He then attended and graduated from Dartmouth College. He graduated from Columbia Law School, and served in the United States Air Force from 1953 until 1956, continuing to serve in the Air Force reserves until 1980. Meanwhile, he practiced law, and entered politics in 1958, being elected to the state legislature of Washington, in which he served from 1959 until 1969, becoming one of the highest-ranking members. He was then Attorney General of Washington from 1969 until he entered the United States Senate in 1981. During his three terms as Attorney General, Gorton was recognized for taking the unusual step of appearing personally to argue the state's positions before the Supreme Court of the United States and for prevailing in those efforts. In 1980 he defeated longtime incumbent U.S. Senator and state legend Warren Magnuson by a 54% to 46% margin, partly on Ronald Reagan's coattails and an "it's time for a change" ad campaign.

1988 Election

After his narrow 1986 defeat by former Congressman Brock Adams, he ran for the state's other Senate seat, which was being vacated by political ally Dan Evans, in 1988 and won, defeating liberal Congressman Mike Lowry by a surprisingly narrow margin.

In the Senate, Gorton had a moderate-to-conservative voting record, and was derided for what some perceived as strong hostility towards Indian tribes.[1][2][3] His reelection strategy centered on running up high vote totals in areas outside of left-leaning King County (home to Seattle).[4][5]

1994 Election

In 1994 he repeated the process, defeating then-King County Councilman Ron Sims by 56% to 44% . He was an influential member of the Armed Services Committee as he was the only member of the committee during his tenure to have reached a senior command rank in the uniformed services (USAF).

He campaigned in Oregon for Gordon Smith and his successful 1996 Senate run.

2000 Election

In 2000, Democrat Maria Cantwell turned his "it's time for a change" strategy against him and won an upset victory by 2,229 votes.[6][7]

Furthermore, Washington's Indian tribes strongly opposed Gorton in 2000 because he consistently tried to weaken Indian sovereignty while in the Senate.[8]

Post-Senate years

In 2002, Gorton became a member of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (popularly known as the "9/11 Commission") and the commission issued its final report in 2004. [1]

In 2005, Gorton became the Chairman of the center-right Constitutional Law PAC, a political action committee formed to help elect candidates to the Washington State Supreme Court and Court of Appeals.

Gorton is an Advisory Board member for the Partnership for a Secure America, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to recreating the bipartisan center in American national security and foreign policy. He also serves as a co-chair of the National Transportation Policy Project of the Bipartisan Policy Center.

Gorton represented the city of Seattle in a lawsuit against Clayton Bennett to try to keep the NBA franchise formerly known as the Seattle SuperSonics in Seattle according to a contract that would keep the team in Key Arena until 2010. The city reached a settlement with Bennett, allowing him to move the team to Oklahoma City for $45 million with the possibility for another $30 million.[9] For full article, see Seattle SuperSonics relocation to Oklahoma City.

References

  1. ^ Westneat, Danny (2008-09-14). "Where has McCain's honor gone?". The Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/dannywestneat/2008178468_danny14.html. Retrieved 2008-09-15.  
  2. ^ "Senator Slade Gorton's bill is an assault on sovereignty". Indian Country Today (Lakota Times). 1998-05. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_hb5088/is_199805/ai_n18491145. Retrieved 2008-09-15.  
  3. ^ Kelley, Matt (2000-04-30). "Tribes’ Top Target in 2000: Sen. Slade Gorton". Los Angeles Times: pp. B6. http://articles.latimes.com/2000/apr/30/local/me-24924. Retrieved 2008-09-15.  
  4. ^ Hendren, John (2000-09-10). "Tough re-election race is nothing new to Gorton". The Seattle Times. http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=20000910&slug=4041793. Retrieved 2008-09-15.  
  5. ^ CONNELLY, JOEL (2000-09-10). "GORTON IS ALREADY LINING UP PIECES FOR RE-ELECTION IN 2000". The Seattle P-I: pp. A3. http://seattlepi.nwsource.com/archives/1998/9811160009.asp. Retrieved 2008-09-15.  
  6. ^ Balter, Joni (2005-04-24). "Who is Maria Cantwell?". The Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/opinion/2002250292_sundayjoni24.html. Retrieved 2008-09-15.  
  7. ^ "Maria Cantwell (Dem)". The Washington Times. 2008-09-15. http://www.washingtontimes.com/elections/candidate/84/. Retrieved 2008-09-15.  
  8. ^ Getches, David H., Charles F. Wilkinson, Robert A. Williams, Jr. Cases and Materials on Federal Indian Law (2005). St. Paul: Thompson West. 5th ed. p. 29.
  9. ^ The Daily Fix : Seattle, Bennett Slam Door on the Sonics

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
John J. O'Connell
Attorney General of Washington
1969–1981
Succeeded by
Ken Eikenberry
United States Senate
Preceded by
Warren Magnuson
United States Senator (Class 3) from Washington
1981–1987
Served alongside: Henry M. Jackson, Daniel J. Evans
Succeeded by
Brock Adams
Preceded by
Dan Evans
United States Senator (Class 1) from Washington
1989–2001
Served alongside: Brock Adams, Patty Murray
Succeeded by
Maria Cantwell
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