From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The MIT Sloan School of Management is one of the five schools of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in the United States. It conducts research and teaches finance, entrepreneurship, marketing, strategic management, economics, organizational behavior, industrial relations, operations management, supply chain management, information technology, and many other fields.
MIT Sloan offers bachelor's degrees, master's degree and doctorates, as well as non-degree executive education programs. Its largest program is the Master of Business Administration (MBA) program, which matriculates students every year from more than 60 countries and offers the widest range of electives of any business school in the United States.
MIT Sloan began in 1914 as the engineering administration curriculum (or "Course 15" in the MIT parlance) in the MIT Department of Economics and Statistics. The scope and depth of this educational focus have grown steadily in response to advances in the theory and practice of management to today's broad-based management school. A program offering a master's degree in management was established in 1925. The world's first university-based executive education program - the Sloan Fellows - was created in 1931 under the sponsorship of Alfred P. Sloan, Jr., himself an 1895 MIT graduate, who was chairman of General Motors and has since been credited with creating the modern corporation. A Sloan Foundation grant established the MIT School of Industrial Management in 1952 with the charge of educating the "ideal manager", and the school was renamed in Sloan's honor as the Alfred P. Sloan School of Management.
In the 1960s, the school played a leading role in founding the Indian Institute of Management Calcutta. In 1990, the MIT Entrepreneurship Center was founded at MIT Sloan, one of the few business school entrepreneurship centers in the world focused on high tech. It sponsors both the MIT $100K Entrepreneurship Competition as well as the popular and unique Entrepreneurship Lab and Global Entrepreneurship Lab courses, which sponsor MBA students to work on-site with start-ups throughout the world. The school has grown to the point where management has become the second largest undergraduate major at MIT, and in 2005, an undergraduate minor in management was opened to 100 students each year. The Sloan Undergraduate Management Association  is the official representing student group for Sloan's undergraduate management program.
The Tang Center, the principal teaching facility of MIT Sloan
The main professional degree awarded at MIT Sloan, prior to 1995, was the Master of Science (S.M.) in Management–an advanced professional degree combining the course requirements of the more widely-known MBA degree with a formal S.M. dissertation. The completion of a dissertation was previously an Institute-wide requirement for all master's students. An exception was made for MIT Sloan students starting in 1995, and the school began awarding the MBA degree entirely on the basis of coursework. While some members of the MIT community felt that removing the dissertation requirement would reduce the educational merit of the degree , it was accepted since this was the practice at all other major business schools. MIT Sloan continues to offer the SM degree for students who choose to complete master's dissertations, but the vast majority of students now receive an MBA degree and do not write a dissertation. In practice, MIT Sloan's SM and MBA have always been viewed as equivalent in industry, although the SM is preferred as preparation for doctoral work.
In 2006, MIT Sloan launched a new program for entrepreneurs within the MBA degree called the Entrepreneurship & Innovation (E&I) Program. The E&I program centers on starting and evolving emerging technology enterprises. The program seeks to formalize MIT's long-standing and leading entrepreneurship offerings. The 50-60 (per class) E&I students benefit from a specialized weekly seminar for entrepreneurs. In addition, a one-week trip to Silicon Valley is coordinated in conjunction with the MIT Sloan MediaTech club.
Of the over 4,100 applications received last year for the MBA and Leaders for Global Operations, over 500 were admitted and 393 matriculated .
Since 1960, MIT Sloan has offered a research-oriented Ph.D. program (see also Ph.D. in Management) devoted to educating management scholars. The Ph.D. program is organized into three broad areas – Management Science, Behavioral and Policy Sciences, and Economics, Finance, and Accounting – each of which has further areas of specialization.  It takes an average of five years to complete the program, and a typical schedule includes at least two years of coursework leading up to the general exam, and about three years of research leading up to the dissertation. Ph.D. students are also active in faculty-sponsored research and teaching. The program typically enrolls about 80 students, and many graduates take faculty positions at the world's most prestigious business schools. 
Of the 564 applicants from 54 countries for the 2006-2007 academic year, 25 were admitted (about 4%) and 16 matriculated. 
Academics and student life
Foyer of the Alfred P. Sloan building, with a series of paintings depicting the onset of the industrial revolution
The MIT Sloan culture is similar to, but also distinct from, overall MIT culture, and is influenced most strongly by its MBA program. Most classes are taught in the Tang Center, although the school's live trading room is located in the basement of the original Alfred P. Sloan building. Courses are taught using both the case method as well as through lectures and team projects. The academic level of coursework is considered extremely rigorous by business school standards, with a greater emphasis on analytical reasoning and quantitative analysis than most top programs.
Academic rigor has a strong influence on the school's culture. The first semester, also known as the core, is the hardest of all semesters by design. Students are required to take the following courses: Economic Analysis for Business Decisions, Financial Accounting, DMD (Data, Models and Decisions), Organizational Processes, and Communication for Managers. In addition, they may choose to take either Finance Theory or Introduction to Marketing. In 2005, the students and faculty expressed solidarity against the core by wearing t-shirts that said "think outside the core." In 2006, the students placed their name-cards upside-down during the weeks where the workload was particularly demanding.
A staple of MIT Sloan life is the weekly C-Function, which stands alternately for "cultural function" or "consumption function". The school sponsors food and drink for all members of the MIT Sloan graduate community to enjoy entertainment organized by a specific campus cultural groups as well as parties with non-cultural themes. These functions are held on most Thursdays, often in the Walker Memorial building near the school. MIT Sloan students and alumni are informally nicknamed Sloanies.
MIT Sloan benefits from its proximity to the world's best engineering and science programs as well as from integration with MIT's world-renowned Economics and Finance programs, all of which are often ranked #1 in world rankings. Many of the world's most influential thought-leaders in finance and economics (including Black, Scholes, Merton, Samuelson, Myers and many more) and many of the most famous theories applied in business and on Wall Street (including Black-Scholes, System Dynamics, Operations Research, Quantitative Strategies, and many others) had their origins at MIT.
Students from both MIT and Harvard University frequently pursue simultaneous graduate degrees at the other respective institution, and many MIT Sloan students simultaneously complete degrees from Harvard Law School and the Harvard Kennedy School in particular. In addition, MIT Sloan offers its students the ability to freely cross-register for courses at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy and at Harvard Business School, one of the few pairs of leading business schools to have such an agreement.
As a part of its Global Initiative, MIT Sloan hosts the students of the The Lisbon MBA for one term at its campus.
Programs and centers
MIT Sloan is home to a number of research centers, including the MIT Entrepreneurship Center, the Financial Engineering Lab, the MIT Center for Digital Business, the System Dynamics Group, the Operations Management Group, the Center for Innovation in Product Development and the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence. It also publishes the peer-reviewed management journal MIT Sloan Management Review.
Unlike many business schools, MIT Sloan does not offer an Executive MBA program or a part-time MBA program. It does offer a number of other specialized degree programs, including:
- MIT-Leaders for Global Operations (LGO) program is a dual-degree partnership program run by MIT Sloan, the MIT School of Engineering and a select number of sponsoring partner companies. LGO caters to students who are interested in manufacturing and operations careers. LGO students earn both an MBA (or SM in Management) from MIT Sloan as well as an SM in any participating engineering department at MIT, all within a 24 month timeframe. Currently, every engineering department except the Nuclear Engineering department participates in the LGO program. Students can apply via either the Sloan MBA application process or through a specific engineering department. In order to receive admission, candidates must be approved by both the Sloan School and the School of Engineering. LGO Fellows represent approximately 12% of the Sloan MBA class and are supported by a generous fellowship provided by LGO's partner companies. LGO was formerly named Leaders for Manufacturing (LFM) and was renamed to LGO beginning fall of 2009.
- MIT Sloan & Harvard Kennedy School Dual Degree is a three-year dual degree program with the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University that allows students to receive both an MBA and an MPA/MPP. This program is especially relevant for those students who plan to pursue careers in international management or economic development, or who plan to work in industries or regions with a high degree of government partnership or regulation.
- MIT Sloan Fellows Program in Innovation and Global Leadership is a management program that caters to students with significant managerial experience. Depending on the curricula they choose, students can earn either an MBA, an SM in Management, or a Master's degree in the Management of Technology (MOT) in either 1 or 2 years of full-time study. Over the years, as MIT Sloan Fellows wanted more entrepreneurship courses, and MOT students sought general management courses, the traditional MIT Sloan Fellows program was merged with the innovation-focused Management of Technology (MOT) program in 2004 to create its newly named larger program, the MIT Sloan Fellows Program in Innovation and Global Leadership.
- System Design and Management (SDM) program is an interdisciplinary and integrated program, jointly sponsored by the Engineering School and Sloan School, to educate experienced professionals who will lead the design and management of complex products, organizations, and systems. Students are awarded a joint SM degree in Engineering and Management. The SDM program can be completed either on a full-time basis in a period ranging from 13 months to 18 months, or through part-time distance learning or commuter options in 24 months.
- Biomedical Enterprise Program or BEP is a joint partnership program run by MIT Sloan and the Harvard-MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology. Students can either complete the BEP program in conjunction with the regular MIT Sloan program or the MIT Sloan Fellows program and earn an SM degree in Health Sciences and Technology in addition to an MBA or SM in Management Science. The BEP also offers those who already hold a graduate degree in management the option of earning a 1-year SM degree in Health Sciences and Technology.
Walker Memorial, the site of MIT Sloan C-Functions and other special events
Notable current and former faculty
- Thomas J. Allen, inventor of the Allen Curve, co-author of Lean Enterprise Value
- Dan Ariely, leading expert on behavioral economics
- Arnold Barnett, leading expert on statistics and airline safety
- Richard Beckhard, pioneer in the field of Organizational Development
- Warren Bennis, leading expert on Leadership, author of "Leaders"
- Fischer Black, co-inventor, Black-Scholes option pricing model
- Erik Brynjolfsson, leading expert on information technology productivity
- John C. Cox, co-inventor of binomial options model, author of "Options Markets"
- Michael A. Cusumano, author of "Competing on Internet Time"
- John J. Donovan, founder of Cambridge Technology Partners, author of Operating Systems and System Programming
- Rudi Dornbusch, co-author of "Macroeconomics"and the Dornbusch Overshooting Model
- Stanley Fischer, co-author of "Macroeconomics" and Governor of the Bank of Israel
- Kristin Forbes, youngest-ever member of Council of Economic Advisers
- Jay Wright Forrester, system dynamics pioneer
- Michael Hammer, creator of Business process reengineering theory
- John R. Hauser, co-founder of marketing science
- Jerry A. Hausman, economist, 1985 John Bates Clark Medal recipient
- Rebecca Henderson, leading expert on Technology Strategy
- Thomas Kochan, leading expert on industrial relations
- S. P. Kothari, editor of the Journal of Accounting and Economics
- John Little, Institute Professor, founder of marketing science
- Thomas W. Malone, founding director of the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence, author of "The Future of Work", and original Wired magazine columnist
- Robert C. Merton, 1997 Nobel Laureate in Economics
- Douglas McGregor, inventor of "Theory X and theory Y"
- Franco Modigliani, 1985 Nobel Laureate in Economics and co-author of the Modigliani-Miller theorem
- Kenneth Morse, co-founder of 3Com and director of the MIT Entrepreneurship Center
- Stewart Myers, inventor of real option theory, author of "Principles of Corporate Finance"
- Edward B. Roberts, Founder and Chair of the MIT Entrepreneurship Center
- Stephen Ross, inventor of arbitrage pricing theory
- Paul Samuelson, first American Nobel Laureate in Economics, 1970
- Edgar Schein, inventor of the term "corporate culture"
- Myron S. Scholes, 1997 Nobel Laureate in Economics
- Peter Senge, author of "The Fifth Discipline", Fortune magazine top management guru
- George P. Shultz, former United States Secretary of State
- Robert Solow, 1987 Nobel Laureate in Economics
- John Sterman, leading expert on System Dynamics
- Richard Thaler, behavioral economist, inventor of the "Endowment effect"
- Eric von Hippel, leading authority on user innovation
- Jack Welch, former CEO of General Electric, Fortune "Manager of the Century"
- F. Duane Ackerman, former Chairman and CEO, BellSouth
- Thad W. Allen, Commandant of the Coast Guard, former director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)
- Kofi Annan, Secretary-General of the United Nations, Nobel Peace Prize laureate
- Magdalena Barreiro, former finance minister of Ecuador
- Ellen Bard, Member of Pennsylvania House of Representatives
- Eric Beinhocker, author, "The Origin of Wealth"
- W. Frank Blount, former CEO, Telstra Corporation Limited
- Daniel Carp, Chairman and CEO, Eastman Kodak Company
- Colby Chandler, former Chairman and CEO, Eastman Kodak
- Robin Chase, Co-Founder, Former CEO, Zipcar
- William Clay Ford, Jr., Chairman and former CEO, Ford Motor Company
- Philip M. Condit, former Chairman and CEO, The Boeing Company
- Larry Constantine, inventor, Modular Programming
- Rafael del Pino, founder and Chairman, Ferrovial
- Carly Fiorina, former Chairman and CEO, Hewlett Packard; #1 "Most Powerful Woman in Business", 1998–2003, Fortune Magazine
- James C. Foster, Chairman and CEO, Charles River Laboratories, Inc.
- Gideon Gartner, founder and former CEO, Gartner
- Thomas P. Gerrity, former dean, Wharton School
- Sumantra Ghoshal, founding dean, Indian School of Business
- Michael J. Ginzberg (S.B. '69 Ph.D. ’75), dean of the Sy Syms School of Business at Yeshiva University
- Adi Godrej, Chairman, Godrej Group
- Bruce S. Gordon, President and CEO, NAACP
- Robert Hamada, former dean, University of Chicago Graduate School of Business
- Dan Hesse, President and CEO, Sprint Nextel
- Justin Jaschke, CEO, Verio
- Clay Johnson III, Deputy Director for Management, White House Office of Management and Budget
- Harvey E. Johnson, Jr., United States Coast Guard vice admiral
- Lisa Endlich, author
- Michael Kaiser, President, John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts
- Mitch Kapor, founder, Lotus Development, inventor of Lotus 1-2-3 spreadsheet
- James Killian, past President, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
- John Kotter, Harvard University professor, BusinessWeek "#1 top leadership guru", 2001
- Judy Lewent, CFO, Merck
- Gary Loveman, CEO, Harrah's
- Nabiel Makarim, Minister of the Environment of Indonesia
- David McClain, President of the University of Hawaii System
- Dennis Meadows, author "Limits to Growth"
- D.R. Mehta, former chairman, Securities and Exchange Board of India
- Lorenzo Mendoza, Chairman, Empresas Polar
- Victor Menezes, Chairman, Clearing House Association
- Robert Metcalfe, founder, 3Com, inventor of Ethernet and Metcalfe's Law
- Henry Mintzberg, McGill University professor, Fortune Magazine top management guru
- Daryl Morey, General Manager of the Houston Rockets
- Leo Morton, Chancellor, University of Missouri, Kansas City
- Jon Moynihan, Executive Chairman of PA Consulting Group
- Alan Mulally, President and CEO, Ford Motor Company
- Joseph Nacchio, Chairman and CEO, Qwest
- Preetish Nijhawan, co-founder, Akamai Technologies
- Brian Shin, founder and CEO, Visible Measures
- Benjamin Netanyahu, Prime Minister of Israel
- Narendra Patni, founder, Chairman, and CEO, Patni Computer Systems
- Randal Pinkett, winner of The Apprentice 4
- Calie Pistorius, Principal, University of Pretoria
- William A. Porter, founder, E-Trade
- Tony Purnell, principal, Jaguar Racing
- John E. Potter, United States Postmaster General
- Subramaniam Ramadorai, CEO, Tata Consultancy Services
- Richard Raysman, Attorney and early practitioner of Computer Law
- John S. Reed, former Chairman and CEO, Citigroup; former Chairman, New York Stock Exchange
- Fritz Roethlisberger, social scientist and conductor of the Hawthorne experiments
- Jaime Rosenthal, former Vice-President of Honduras (1986-1900) and congressman (2002–2006)
- Kenan Sahin, founder and CEO, Kenan Systems
- Martha Samuelson, CEO, Analysis Group
- Gerhard Schulmeyer, former CEO, Siemens AG
- Saul Shapiro, Vice President, New York City Economic Development Corporation
- Jeff Stibel, CEO, Web.com
- Robert A. Swanson, founder of Genentech
- Keiji Tachikawa, CEO, NTT DoCoMo
- Bill Taylor, co-founder, Fast Company
- Robert Thirsk, astronaut, NASA
- John W. Thompson, Chairman and CEO, Symantec
- Ronald L. Turner, CEO, Ceridian Corporation
- Milen Velchev, former finance minister of Bulgaria
- Ron Williams, CEO, Aetna
- Oliver E. Williamson, Nobel Prize laureate economist
- Thornton Wilson, former Chairman and CEO, The Boeing Company
- Robert Varkonyi, 2002 World Series of Poker champion
- Carl Yankowski, former CEO, Palm Computing