Smolensk Oblast: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 55°00′N 33°00′E / 55°N 33°E / 55; 33

Map of Russia - Smolensk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Flag of Smolensk Oblast.png

Smolensk Oblast (Russian: Смол́енская о́бласть, Smolenskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its area is 49,786 square kilometers, population—1,019,000 (2005 est.) [1]; 1,049,574 (2002 Census); 1,158,299 (1989 Census). Its administrative center is the city of Smolensk. Other ancient towns include Vyazma and Dorogobuzh. Smolensk oblast borders Pskov Oblast in north, Tver Oblast in northeast, Moscow Oblast in east, Kaluga Oblast and Bryansk Oblast in south, and also Mahilyow Voblast and Vitsebsk Voblast in Belarus, to the west and northwest.

Contents

Geography

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Time zone

Smolensk Oblast is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).

Administrative divisions

Administrative divisions of Smolensk Oblast

Smolensk Oblast is divided into 25 districts (raion and 2 cities, which are further divided into 15 towns, 12 urban-type settlements, and 302 rural okrugs.

Demographics

According to the (2002 Census), the national composition of the oblast was as follows:
Russians: 93.4% • Ukrainians: 1.7% • Belarusians: 1.6% • Armenians: 0.4% • Roma: 0.3% • Tatars: 0.2% • Azeris: 0.2%, and many other groups, none more than 0.2% of the population. (1.1% of the population did not state their nationality in the census.)

Economy

Smolensk Oblast is part of Russia's Central economic district. Industry is this district includes sectors such as engineering and metalworking (production of measuring and hydrometeorological devices, computer equipment, electrical appliances, refrigerators, automobiles, power-generating and store equipment, and aircraft manufacture), the chemical industry (production of ammonia, saltpeter, fertilizers, and plastics), light industry (production of clothing, and cotton and linen fabrics), the food industry, and brown coal and peat production.

Nearly 40% of the industrial production potential is concentrated in the city of Smolensk. Diamond cutting companies have the largest share of GDP. The largest of these companies is the Kristall State Unitary enterprise (GUP Kristall) in Smolensk. Smolensk is also a major center of the engineering and metalworking industries, with the instrument-making, electronics, electrical, and auto industries having the largest share of GDP among engineering companies.

Famous people

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Europe : Russia : Central Russia : Smolensk Oblast
Smolensk's Assumption Cathedral
Smolensk's Assumption Cathedral

Smolensk Oblast ([1]) is a region in Central Russia, which borders Bryansk Oblast to the southwest, Belarus to the west, Pskov Oblast to the northwest, Tver Oblast to the north, Moscow Oblast to the east, and Kaluga Oblast to the southeast.

  • Smolensk — the region's capital is one of the oldest cities of Russia (9th century) and home to examples of 12th century architecture, a large kremlin, and a particularly important Cathedral of the Assumption; the historic center was rebuilt after the destructive Battle of Smolensk in WWII
  • Dorogobuzh — an ancient town, worth a visit for nearby monasteries and churches
  • Roslavl — an old market town, now a small city
  • Vyazma — a small city with a long history, largely rebuilt after the German occupation in WWII, home to the stunning three-tented Hodegetria Church, as well as numerous baroque churches, a monastery, and city cathedral

Other destinations

Smolensk Poozerye National Park

Understand

Smolensk Oblast is home to some of Russia's oldest cities. It is also the site of much of the most fierce warfare Russia has experienced, from the Mongol conquest, to Medieval wars for supremacy between Russia, Poland, and Lithuania, to the Napoleonic Invasion, to the two World Wars of the 20th century. Few original structures have survived these centuries of conflict, but Russia has faithfully rebuilt the most important of Smolensk Oblast's cultural monuments. The capital, Smolensk, is a major tourist destination in its own right, and is a convenient hub for exploring the region.

Talk

You should expect that few residents of Smolensk Oblast outside of the main university have anything greater than a rudimentary command of any languages other than Russian.

Get in

Smolensk is a short (by Russian standards) train ride away from Moscow and a fairly easy trip from Saint Petersburg. No major airlines fly into Smolensk airport (LNX).

Get out

Nearby Pskov Oblast is a similar destination—a historic borderland region—that makes a fine complement to Smolensk travel. Trains also depart from Smolensk to Minsk, Belarus.

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