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Arkansas Army National Guard soldiers practice sniper marksmanship at their firing range near Baghdad, Iraq, in 2005.
.A sniper is a highly trained marksman who shoots targets from concealed positions or distances exceeding the capabilities of regular personnel.^ For someone who built an entire life on shooting sports, you sure shot yourself in the proverbial foot on this not thought out so well position.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ As a police sniper, I use a highly modified Remington 700 in .308W which shoots 1/8 MOA. Is this a terrorist weapon also?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Perhaps just shooting them for "sport"; maybe trying out a new "sniper rifle" on a few living targets.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Snipers typically have specialized training and distinct high-precision rifles.^ Do not expect assistance when they come for your high powered bolt action sniper rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The Hecate II is Frances response to the growing variety of extremely high caliber sniper rifles.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

^ I am sure that WHEN they take your HUNTING RIFLE away as a HIGH POWER SNIPER RIFLE you will happily take golf, or knitting.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.In addition to marksmanship, military snipers are also trained in camouflage, field craft, infiltration, reconnaissance and observation.^ Military officials told CNN Muhammad was not trained as a sniper and was not in the Special Forces, but had expertise in combat support missions.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ The military necessity for its use– its ability to offer maximum accuracy at very long ranges–is complemented by the high degree of discriminate fire it offers in the hands of a trained sniper.
  • Win an AR-15 Assault Rifle for Going to Church! | One Utah 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC oneutah.org [Source type: Original source]

[1] Snipers are especially effective when deployed within the urban terrain of urban warfare.

Contents

Etymology

The term sniper was first attested in 1824 in the sense of the word "sharpshooter".[2] The verb "to snipe" originated in the 1770s among soldiers in British India where a hunter skilled enough to kill the elusive snipe was dubbed a "sniper".[2]
.During the American Civil War, the common term used in the United States was "skirmisher". Throughout history armies have used skirmishers to break up enemy formations and to thwart the enemy from flanking the main body of their attack force.^ This strategic wargame is set in a hypothetical war between the United States and Syria.
  • Sniper Rifle Games - giantbomb 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.giantbomb.com [Source type: General]

^ Metal Gear Solid 3: Snake Eater The third installment in the Metal Gear Solid franchise is swathed in the Cold War, and it's up to Naked Snake (the "father" of Solid Snake) to keep the Soviet Union and the United States from all-out nuclear war.
  • Sniper Rifle Games - giantbomb 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.giantbomb.com [Source type: General]

^ The XM177 was adopted by the US Air force during the vietnam war and is still used by the USAF. The XM177E1 and the XM177E2 was adopted by the US Army and is no longer used.
  • M16 rifle series - imfdb :. guns in movies :. movie guns :. the internet movie firearms database 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.imfdb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .They were deployed individually on the extremes of the moving army primarily to scout for the possibility of an enemy ambush.^ Officials at the National Rifle Association and the U.S. Army War College have indicated that they feel that Lewis' airgun was the most important individual gun in American history.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Consequently, a "skirmish" denotes a clash of small scope between these forces.[4] .In general, a skirmish was a limited combat, involving troops other than those of the main body.^ Accordingly, bullets which are designed to deform on impact, and not exit the body, will generally do more damage than will other bullets.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other than those times the only use that it has is to stop charging cans.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The firearms commonly dubbed "assault weapons" are generally more rugged and reliable, and easier to shoot accurately than are many other firearms.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[3] .The term "sniper" was not in widespread use in the United States until after the American Civil War.^ What was used during the Civil War?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ This strategic wargame is set in a hypothetical war between the United States and Syria.
  • Sniper Rifle Games - giantbomb 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.giantbomb.com [Source type: General]

^ The United States used well-regulated troops (*not* seditionist wackaloons) under George Washington, fortunately, to successfully put down the treasonous "militia."
  • AZ Assault Rifle-Wielding Man And Gun-Toter In NH Belong To Same Right-Wing Group | TPMMuckraker 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]

Warfare

A sniper from the Jalalabad Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) looks for enemy activity along the hilltops near Dur Baba, Afghanistan, November 2006.
.Different countries have different military doctrines regarding snipers in military units, settings, and tactics.^ M82: This weapon is the standard sniper rifle of the Canadian military and the former standard of the UK. The Canadian Militarys version is called the C3A1 has a different scope.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

.Generally, a sniper's primary function in warfare is to provide detailed reconnaissance from a concealed position and, if necessary, to reduce the enemy's fighting ability by striking at high value targets (especially officers, communication and other personnel) and in the process pinning down and demoralizing the enemy.^ Your hunting rifle is the next target in their agenda as a "high power sniper rifle".
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The dependability of the gun for lethal combat, under field conditions, especially without the backup of dozens of other airguns, was not high.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First The AR15 is the primary target rifle of junior highpower competition, a sport that is growing the next generation of firearms enthusiasts.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[5][6]
Soviet Russian and derived military doctrines include squad-level snipers. .See the "Soviet sniper" article for further details.^ Anyone else see the big bad hunter using a "high-powered-rifle with a sniper-scope" attached to it in the header picture of this article?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Military snipers from the US, UK, and other countries that adopt their military doctrine are typically deployed in two-man sniper teams consisting of a shooter and spotter.^ The New York Times reported Saturday there were two other times during the three-week terror spree the snipers' car was also pulled over and then released.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ Two men have been arrested after the year-long operation targeting the illegal supply of military-style firearms and other weapons, which culminated...
  • AR-15 Assault Rifle AR15 - Daily Bulletin from Gun Policy News 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.gunpolicy.org [Source type: News]

^ I AM LIKING IT ALREADY! THANK YOU X 100 Stevie H UK 02/04/2008 I'm having a great time with your Sniper trends, and the two ebooks.
  • Sniper Forex - Testimonial Page 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.sniperforex.com [Source type: General]

[7] A common practice is for a shooter and a spotter to take turns in order to avoid eye fatigue.[6] .In most recent combat operations occurring in large densely populated towns such as Fallujah, Iraq, two teams would be deployed together to increase their security and effectiveness in an urban environment.^ You know, a large segment of the hunting population finds varmit shooting to be rather objectionable, and would not support your right to engage in that behavior.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ So did you just effectively call me a terrorist for carrying an "AR" type rifle and serving my country for two years of my life in Iraq?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ During the past two years, more than 125 ATF agents and investigators have been deployed along the southwest border in Project Gunrunner to increase "strategic...
  • AR-15 Assault Rifle AR15 - Daily Bulletin from Gun Policy News 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.gunpolicy.org [Source type: News]

.German doctrine of largely independent snipers and emphasis on concealment developed during the Second World War have been most influential on modern sniper tactics, currently used throughout Western militaries (examples are specialized camouflage clothing, concealment in terrain and emphasis on coup d'œil).^ The bolt rifle was developed for use by the military.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ What was used during the Civil War?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Antique large bore airguns are the main emphasis of the Beeman Collection; it apparently is the worlds largest such collection.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8][9][10]
.Typical sniper missions include reconnaissance and surveillance, target marking for air-strikes, counter-sniper, killing enemy commanders, selecting targets of opportunity, and even destruction of military equipment, which tend to require use of rifles in the larger calibers such as the .50 BMG, like the Barrett M82, McMillan Tac-50, and Denel NTW-20.^ Just like the rifle can be used in competition or in killing.
  • Win an AR-15 Assault Rifle for Going to Church! | One Utah 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC oneutah.org [Source type: Original source]

^ And while we are at it, what's with all this use of military cartridges and calibers?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Gears of War 2 Players and enemies can get and use sniper rifles in Geasr 2.
  • Sniper Rifle Games - giantbomb 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.giantbomb.com [Source type: General]

[6] .Snipers have increasingly been demonstrated as being useful by US and UK forces in the recent Iraq campaign in a fire support role to cover the movement of infantry, especially in urban areas.^ Well, it allows us to ignore the killing of plants and animals and focus just on the killing of human beings, which is useful.
  • Win an AR-15 Assault Rifle for Going to Church! | One Utah 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC oneutah.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Let's agree to disagree then - the UK/European and US views on firearms in the police force are different enough to make this a social and moral, not scientific argument.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because, being mature societies, they have understood that the sanctioned power to use force is a role which is best controlled by being honored and integrated into society rather than being marginalized.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[6]

Second Boer War

.The first British sniper unit began life as Lovat Scouts, a Scottish Highland regiment that earned high praise during the Second Boer War (1899-1902).^ The M21 began to be fielded in the second half of 1969 and remained the U.S. Army's primary Sniper Weapon System until it began to be replaced by the M24 SWS in 1988.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

^ I don't own a AR-15 or AK, but I do own a lot of historic battle rifles from the first and second world war era.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ That was the issued sniper rifle of SEAL units during Operation Desert Storm.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

[6] .The unit was formed by Lord Lovat and reported to an American, Major Frederick Russell Burnham, the British Army Chief of Scouts under Lord Roberts.^ British Army, in its turn, also adopted this improved design under the designation of L96A1.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

Burnham fittingly described these scouts as "half wolf and half jackrabbit."[11] .Just like their Boer opponents, they were well practiced in the arts of marksmanship, field craft, and military tactics.^ They just look like a military weapon.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Or looking like a Military squad in the field.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I mean, they wear camoflauge - just like the military!!
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

They were also the first known military unit to wear a ghillie suit.[12] They were skilled woodsmen but also practitioners of discretion: "He who shoots and runs away, lives to shoot another day." After the war, this regiment went on to formally become the British Army's first sniper unit, then better known as sharpshooters.[11]

World War I and World War II

World War I

.During World War I, snipers appeared as deadly sharpshooters in the trenches.^ The bolt-action rifle was the military firearm of the U.S. Army during World War I, and of military forces in other parts of the world for decades thereafter.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the start of the war, only Imperial Germany had troops that were issued scoped sniper rifles.^ You have no need for that scoped "sniper" rifle.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ How long will it take for scoped deer rifles to be considered sniper rifles?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Sir beleive you are correct and terrist weapons should be outlawed Lets start with your wooden stocked bolt action sniper rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Although sharpshooters existed on all sides, the Germans specially equipped some of their soldiers with scoped rifles that could pick off enemy soldiers showing their heads out of their trench.^ Although some of the very few existing military models have a fixed leather cover on their butt reservoirs, this probably was added long after the gun's military career.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ All I’m asking for in that, is a little honesty and both sides being called out.
  • Win an AR-15 Assault Rifle for Going to Church! | One Utah 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC oneutah.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Not only do they have assholes with guns hanging out in their bars, they aren't there to spend money, just show off their weapons.
  • Man Carrying An Assault Rifle And Pistol Outside Obama Event | LiveWire 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .At first the French and British believed such hits to be coincidental hits, until the German scoped rifles were discovered.^ With the gun debate, you are either 100% with us or 100% against us, because believe me, they are coming after "sniper" rifles....oops, I meant scoped hunting rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ British report on the Beeman Girandoni: The weight of new evidence is such that few doubt that it is indeed the actual Lewis and Clark rifle.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is exactly the approach used in Australia and the UK. Your scoped sniper rifles with their armor piercing bullets should be amoungst the first to go.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[8] .During World War I, the Germans received a reputation for the deadliness and efficiency of their snipers, partly because of the high-quality lenses the Germans could manufacture.^ M1903A4: Springfield Armory designed this weapon to meet the need for sniper rifles in the Pacific combat during World War II. It was adopted in 1943 and Springfield produced them with 2.5x telescopic scopes.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

^ My revolvers are .45 Colt and .45 ACP, the latter using half moon clips as fielded during the first world war because there was a shortage of 1911s.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I hope I get to read about it when your "high powered, scoped, deadly centerfire sniper rifle" (your hunting rifle) is made illegal.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[8]
An Australian sniper aims a periscope-equipped rifle at Gallipoli in 1915. The spotter beside him is helping to find targets with his own periscope.
.Soon the British army began to train their own snipers in specialized sniper schools.^ Sniper alert over French marksman Tuesday, October 22, 2002 Posted: 8:49 AM EDT (1249 GMT) The French deserter had been training at the Combined Armies Military School (Ecole militaire Inter-Armees) in Coetquidan in Brittany.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ Arctic Warfare / L96A1: In mid-1980s Sweden forces began their own quest for the new sniper rifle, that could survive heavy nordic environments.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Military officials told CNN Muhammad was not trained as a sniper and was not in the Special Forces, but had expertise in combat support missions.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

.Major Hesketh Hesketh-Prichard was given formal permission to begin sniper training in 1915, and founded the First Army School of Sniping, Observation, and Scouting at Linghem in France in 1916.[13] In 1920, he wrote his account of his war time activities in the critically-acclaimed Sniping in France (full-text available on Wikisource), which is still referenced by modern authors on the subject.^ Sniper alert over French marksman Tuesday, October 22, 2002 Posted: 8:49 AM EDT (1249 GMT) The French deserter had been training at the Combined Armies Military School (Ecole militaire Inter-Armees) in Coetquidan in Brittany.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ FIRST: F or the first time, both the serious objections to the Rodney account and the many objections to the probability that the Lewis airgun was indeed a Girandoni-system repeating air rifle have been removed.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The founding fathers put this in because they didn't have an army at the time, in fact they argued about whether there should even be a federal army.
  • AZ Assault Rifle-Wielding Man And Gun-Toter In NH Belong To Same Right-Wing Group | TPMMuckraker 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]

[14][15] .Hesketh-Prichard developed many techniques in sniping, including the use of spotting scopes and working in pairs, and using Kim's Game to train observational skills.^ BUT there are many countries, INCLUDING THE USA, that use these rifle in the name of freedom.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I took a bunch of notes about games development, but it would be most useful to actually watch the tutorial and check out of Richard’s slides and material .

^ The AR-15 platform is being used by many ethical hunters for the legal taking of game from rockchucks to elk.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[16][17] .Both British and German sniper teams operated in pairs, with one sniper and one spotter.^ Designed for both urban anti-terrorist operations as well as a battlefield sniper rifle.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It was only when one of his team leaked it that the pair were found one-and-a-half hours later.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

.On the Eastern Front, Imperial Russia never introduced specialized sharpshooters or snipers, allowing the German snipers to pick off their targets without danger from counter-snipers.^ DSR-1: German company AMP Technical Services had originally designed this weapon as a special police sniper rifle.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

[8]
.The British did use paper mache figures painted to resemble soldiers to draw sniper fire.^ The military necessity for its use– its ability to offer maximum accuracy at very long ranges–is complemented by the high degree of discriminate fire it offers in the hands of a trained sniper.
  • Win an AR-15 Assault Rifle for Going to Church! | One Utah 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC oneutah.org [Source type: Original source]

^ All I did was paint a cute rifle for my wife to use and to join me at the range.
  • Hello Kitty AR-15 - evil black rifle meets cute and cuddly 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC blog.riflegear.com [Source type: Original source]

^ David- What kind of paint did you use?
  • Hello Kitty AR-15 - evil black rifle meets cute and cuddly 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC blog.riflegear.com [Source type: Original source]

Some were equipped with rubber surgical tubing so the dummy could "smoke" a cigarette and thus appear realistic. .Holes punched in the dummy by enemy sniper bullets then could be used for triangulation purposes to determine the position of the enemy sniper, who thus could be attacked with artillery fire.^ Scopes are for snipers and could be used by terrorist.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I think the more people who use these "evil assault weapons" for legitimate hunting purposes the more accepted they will become.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ There was also last week's call to authorities from someone in Tacoma, Wash., who thought Malvo could be the sniper and said someone had been using the backyard of a Tacoma home for shooting practice.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

World War II

European Theatre
Soviet sniper in a stamp in 1944.
.During World War II, snipers reappeared as important factors on the battlefield.^ The bolt-action rifle was the military firearm of the U.S. Army during World War I, and of military forces in other parts of the world for decades thereafter.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.During the interbellum, most nations dropped their specialized sniper units, notably the Germans who had such a reputation during World War I. However, during the Spanish Civil War, the effectiveness and dangers of snipers once again came to the fore.^ During the three-minute phone call, the caller shouted phrases such as "Don't you know who you're dealing with?
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ However, the Tyrol Sharp Shooter Corps indicated that these weapons were really accurate and effective in the Turkish War and in 1790 against Prussia.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is most unlikely that any of such few specimens would have become available for resale during the early years of their existence before 1803.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The only nation that had specially trained sniper units during the 1930s was the Soviet Union.^ We here in the United States are currently in danger of forgetting that we got here only by, Of, By, For, and that the people are owners of the nation and the party responsible for preserving the national security and interest.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Military officials told CNN Muhammad was not trained as a sniper and was not in the Special Forces, but had expertise in combat support missions.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ The car sightings were not the only missed opportunities for law enforcement during the three-week hunt for the sniper.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

.Soviet snipers were trained in their skills as marksmen, in using the terrain to hide themselves from the enemy and the ability to work alongside regular forces.^ Military officials told CNN Muhammad was not trained as a sniper and was not in the Special Forces, but had expertise in combat support missions.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ The military necessity for its use– its ability to offer maximum accuracy at very long ranges–is complemented by the high degree of discriminate fire it offers in the hands of a trained sniper.
  • Win an AR-15 Assault Rifle for Going to Church! | One Utah 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC oneutah.org [Source type: Original source]

.This made the Soviet sniper training focus more on "normal" combat situations than those of other nations.^ This elusive arm was mentioned 39 times in the expedition journals (Moulton, 1986-2001), more than any other weapon on the trip, but was never described.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Assault weapons" are said by gun prohibition advocates to possess certain unique features which render them far more dangerous than other firearms.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Tivo doesn't put out any more or any less bits than any other HDMI certified equipment, no matter what you do.

During the 1940 campaigns of Germany, it appeared that lone, well hidden snipers could halt the German advance for a significant amount of time. For example during the close-in on Dunkirk, British snipers were able to significantly delay German infantry trying to reach Dunkirk. .This prompted the British to once again upscale their training of specialized sniper units.^ Military officials told CNN Muhammad was not trained as a sniper and was not in the Special Forces, but had expertise in combat support missions.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ After this it was deemed wise to take back the airguns and issue them only to select, specially trained Tyrolean sharpshooter units.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.British snipers were trained in the obvious marksmanship skills and taught to blend in with the environment, often by using special headgear that concealed them.^ The actual owners of camp, who are also British, say it was used primarily to train law enforcement personnel.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ Military officials told CNN Muhammad was not trained as a sniper and was not in the Special Forces, but had expertise in combat support missions.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ The military necessity for its use– its ability to offer maximum accuracy at very long ranges–is complemented by the high degree of discriminate fire it offers in the hands of a trained sniper.
  • Win an AR-15 Assault Rifle for Going to Church! | One Utah 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC oneutah.org [Source type: Original source]

.However, the British Army offered sniper training exclusively to officers and non-commissioned officers, which reduced their effectiveness considerably.^ The military necessity for its use– its ability to offer maximum accuracy at very long ranges–is complemented by the high degree of discriminate fire it offers in the hands of a trained sniper.
  • Win an AR-15 Assault Rifle for Going to Church! | One Utah 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC oneutah.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Bullet fragmentation is not a design characteristic, however, nor a purpose for use of the MatchKing by United State Army snipers.
  • Win an AR-15 Assault Rifle for Going to Church! | One Utah 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC oneutah.org [Source type: Original source]

[9]
German sniper in Stalingrad, USSR
German sniper Belgium/France (1944)
.One of the best known battles involving snipers, and also the battle that made the Germans reinstate their specialized sniper training, was the Battle of Stalingrad.^ Military officials told CNN Muhammad was not trained as a sniper and was not in the Special Forces, but had expertise in combat support missions.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

Their defensive position inside a city filled with rubble meant that Soviet snipers were able to inflict significant casualties on the German Wehrmacht. Because of the urban nature of fighting, snipers were very hard to spot and seriously dented the morale of the German attackers. .The best known of these snipers was probably Vasily Zaytsev, immortalized in the book and subsequent film Enemy At The Gates.^ An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Though German sharpshooters appeared spontaneously, often armed with captured scoped Mosin-Nagant rifles, Germany re-established its own sniping school and set out to reclaim its reputation of the First World War.^ Barely, I have to admit ) I own the following weapons; two AK-47's, two SKS's, Mosin Nagant w/sniper set up, 12 ga.
  • Hello Kitty AR-15 - evil black rifle meets cute and cuddly 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC blog.riflegear.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "Gun nuts scare me, especially the cold-dead-hand types," said the Vietnam veteran/businessman as he handed me the Red Army Mosin-Nagant rifle that set him down the path to owning a wall full of low-cost, knock-down vintage military firepower.
  • M16 Assault Rifle M-16 - Daily Bulletin from Gun Policy News 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.gunpolicy.org [Source type: News]

^ M1903A4: Springfield Armory designed this weapon to meet the need for sniper rifles in the Pacific combat during World War II. It was adopted in 1943 and Springfield produced them with 2.5x telescopic scopes.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

.Germany drastically increased the number of snipers per unit.^ I have increased my trading success to about 75% successful trades and also increased the average number of pips per trade.
  • Sniper Forex - Testimonial Page 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.sniperforex.com [Source type: General]

^ The Army requested this feature, but the Air Force believed it had no benefit and only increased the weapon's per-unit cost.
  • M16 rifle series - imfdb :. guns in movies :. movie guns :. the internet movie firearms database 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.imfdb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.German training emphasized shooting at long-range targets to deliver a feeling of insecurity to the enemy, the ability to creep up on enemies and remain hidden with enemies nearby, plus especially good camouflaging.^ Or, is it that you just like the ability to kill at long ranges?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The AR-15, equipped with a 24- or 26-inch barrel, is the target rifle of choice for a majority of long-range shooting enthusiasts, although I personally prefer my AR-10.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The military necessity for its use– its ability to offer maximum accuracy at very long ranges–is complemented by the high degree of discriminate fire it offers in the hands of a trained sniper.
  • Win an AR-15 Assault Rifle for Going to Church! | One Utah 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC oneutah.org [Source type: Original source]

.Germany evolved the most efficient ways of camouflaging, both by using the environment (branches etc.^ Most common way of collision detection is the use of axis-aligned bounding boxes (squares).

^ If you think there is any more effective way to protect yourself and your loved ones from the most heinous crimes - murder, torture, rape, etc.
  • Hello Kitty AR-15 - evil black rifle meets cute and cuddly 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC blog.riflegear.com [Source type: Original source]

) and by the development of specially designed, reversible camouflage clothing. .German snipers were also issued with special shovels and knives to create the best possible hiding places and shelters.^ DSR-1: German company AMP Technical Services had originally designed this weapon as a special police sniper rifle.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

.As they had done during the First World War, German snipers also changed location after a few shots to further reduce their chances of being spotted.^ M1903A4: Springfield Armory designed this weapon to meet the need for sniper rifles in the Pacific combat during World War II. It was adopted in 1943 and Springfield produced them with 2.5x telescopic scopes.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

^ My revolvers are .45 Colt and .45 ACP, the latter using half moon clips as fielded during the first world war because there was a shortage of 1911s.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I don't own a AR-15 or AK, but I do own a lot of historic battle rifles from the first and second world war era.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

They were also issued the highest-quality scopes available.
Canadian Sniper during World War II
.In the United States armed forces, sniper training was only very elementary and focused on being able to hit targets over long distances.^ Only a sniper, intent on killing innocent people from long distances.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Jim Zumbo - as previously stated by others...you are hurting our constitutional rights to keep and bear arms and only providing ammo to the left wingers.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ "A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]
  • M16 Assault Rifle M-16 - Daily Bulletin from Gun Policy News 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.gunpolicy.org [Source type: News]

Snipers were required to be able to hit a body over 400 meters away, and a head over 200 meters away. .There was almost no concern with the ability to blend into the environment.^ Has he slipped into a pit from wich there is no getting out?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Sniper training also varied from place to place, resulting in a wide range of qualities of snipers.^ Since ther emore confidence in recoil and simpler manipulation the result is officers get better and deeper training for the same range time and money.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The military necessity for its use– its ability to offer maximum accuracy at very long ranges–is complemented by the high degree of discriminate fire it offers in the hands of a trained sniper.
  • Win an AR-15 Assault Rifle for Going to Church! | One Utah 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC oneutah.org [Source type: Original source]

.The main reason the US did not extend their training beyond long-range shooting was the limited deployment of US soldiers until the Normandy Invasion.^ The military necessity for its use– its ability to offer maximum accuracy at very long ranges–is complemented by the high degree of discriminate fire it offers in the hands of a trained sniper.
  • Win an AR-15 Assault Rifle for Going to Church! | One Utah 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC oneutah.org [Source type: Original source]

^ You sir are a HYPOCRITE. here is a quote from the long range shooting section of this SAME blog.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Within the next couple years I plan on purchasing an over-under shotgun for hunting and a bolt-action rifle for long range shooting.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

During the campaigns in North Africa and Italy, most fighting occurred in arid and mountainous regions where limited concealment was possible, in contrast to Western and Central Europe.
.This resulted in disastrous effects in Normandy and the campaign in Western Europe where they encountered well trained German snipers.^ At least they are fulfilling their duties as citizens under the Constitution to be part of a "well-regulated" militia, which mean well training as in "regular" troops and well equiped as in "regalia".
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Many ex-service people will want to get a semiauto AR because they are well trained with it's military counterpart, the M16, M4 type rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[8] In Normandy, German snipers remained hidden in the dense vegetation and were able to encircle American units, firing at them from all sides. .The American and British forces were surprised by how near the German snipers could safely come and attack them, as well as by their ability to hit targets over long distances.^ I could likewise call your long guns sniper rifles as they have the same capabilities.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Arctic Warfare / L96A1: In mid-1980s Sweden forces began their own quest for the new sniper rifle, that could survive heavy nordic environments.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

^ How long do you think it will be before your hunting rifle is also termed a "terrorist sniper rifle"?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.A notable mistake made by the green American soldiers was to lie down and wait when targeted by German snipers, thus allowing the snipers to pick them off one after another.^ That sniper could have had his pick of any one of us here for his count.
  • Sniper, a CHIPs and Emergency crossover fanfic - FanFiction.Net 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.fanfiction.net [Source type: News]

^ Mark this one down as another in the long list of "duh" — once you realise what is going on!

^ One lame attempt after another has only made these fools look even more foolish, like Olympic dumb.
  • AZ Assault Rifle-Wielding Man And Gun-Toter In NH Belong To Same Right-Wing Group | TPMMuckraker 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]

[8] .German snipers often infiltrated Allied lines and sometimes when the frontlines moved, they fought from their sniping positions and withheld their surrender until their rations and munitions were exhausted.^ The Sniper Forex time and time again picks up the perfect entries, although sometimes it gets a little confused if the market is moving sideways ...
  • Sniper Forex - Testimonial Page 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.sniperforex.com [Source type: General]

^ I can't say enough positive things about Sniper except they also have the best support in the industry.
  • Sniper Forex - Testimonial Page 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.sniperforex.com [Source type: General]

^ And they are often referred to as 'sniper rifles' by the anti-gun crowd.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.After World War II, many elements of German sniper training and doctrine were copied by other countries.^ M1903A4: Springfield Armory designed this weapon to meet the need for sniper rifles in the Pacific combat during World War II. It was adopted in 1943 and Springfield produced them with 2.5x telescopic scopes.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

^ As for being a terrorist, myself and many others will readily defend our country at any given moment.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ As was mentioned by many others your beloved scoped bolt actions are on the gungrabbers list under SNIPER RIFLE. .
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[8]
Pacific Theatre
In the Pacific War, the Empire of Japan also trained snipers. .In the jungles of Asia and the Pacific Islands, snipers posed a serious threat to the British, Australian, Canadian and US troops.^ Aren't you posing a serious threat to schoolyards all across the country?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Japanese snipers were specially trained to use the environment to conceal themselves.^ Pistol cartridge carbines are easy to train with and use, but only specialized pistol ammunition will penetrate soft body armor and that ammunition will routinely overpenetrate on persons and structures.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Military officials told CNN Muhammad was not trained as a sniper and was not in the Special Forces, but had expertise in combat support missions.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ Such an exemption could not be defended on the grounds that the guns can only used by persons with special training; "assault weapon" prohibitionists may complain that the guns are "very easy to use."
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Japanese snipers used foliage on their uniforms and dug well-concealed hide-outs that were often connected with small trenches.^ I'm opening a live account now...Everything is still going really well for me using Sniper.
  • Sniper Forex - Testimonial Page 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.sniperforex.com [Source type: General]

.There was no need for long range accuracy, because most combat in the jungle took place within a few hundred meters.^ For normal hunting there is no place for them."
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ There's absolutely no need for it.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ For normal hunting there is no place for them.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Japanese snipers were known for their patience and ability to remain hidden for long periods.^ The military necessity for its use– its ability to offer maximum accuracy at very long ranges–is complemented by the high degree of discriminate fire it offers in the hands of a trained sniper.
  • Win an AR-15 Assault Rifle for Going to Church! | One Utah 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC oneutah.org [Source type: Original source]

^ After that, it'll most likely be rifles, with their high-power scopes, powerful ammunition, and ability for snipers to inflict death at incredibly long ranges.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.They almost never left their carefully camouflaged hiding spots.^ Even then, they almost never shoot them.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This meant that whenever a sniper was in the area, the location of the sniper could be determined after the sniper had fired a few shots.^ If the gun, which Lewis presented to them, had been a single-shot muzzle-loader, the men of the group could have seen if a ball had been loaded and not fired.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Assault rifle meant select fire...etc.....BUT a few Democraps and Leftwingers got a hold of it and plastered it all over till' it became a newly defined word/term.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ When they come for the "sniper" rifles in the next few years, I hope that you'll be allowed to keep your scoped centrer fire rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.The Allies also used their own snipers in the Pacific, notably the US Marines, who used M1903 Springfield rifles.^ You just alientated hundreds of thousands of people who own and use AR-15 style rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I hope that you will re-consider your words and your attitude towards the people who happen to own a different rifle than you use.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ A lot of us veterans, Vietnam and those brave men that were over in the Sand Box who regularly shoot precision rifle and carbine matches.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Rifles used during World War II

Some common sniper rifles used during the Second World War include: the Soviet M1891/30 Mosin Nagant and, to a lesser extent, the SVT-40; the German Mauser Karabiner 98k and Gewehr 43; the British Lee-Enfield No. .4; the Japanese Arisaka 97; the American M1903 Springfield and M1 Garand; to a lesser extent, the Italians trained few snipers and supplied them with a scoped Carcano Model 1891.^ While the Garand and the M1 carbine were in development, the mainstay was the 1903 bolt action Springfield and P-17 Enfield for the first few months.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ When they come for the "sniper" rifles in the next few years, I hope that you'll be allowed to keep your scoped centrer fire rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Range

The longest range recorded for a sniper kill currently stands at 2,430 meters (2,657 yd, or 1.51 miles), accomplished by Master Corporal Rob Furlong, a sniper from Newfoundland, Canada, in March 2002 during the war in Afghanistan. Furlong made this record-breaking kill while he was participating in Operation Anaconda. He was a member of the 3rd Battalion Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI). .To make the kill, he used a .50 caliber BMG (12.7 mm) McMillan TAC-50 bolt-action rifle.^ Just like the rifle can be used in competition or in killing.
  • Win an AR-15 Assault Rifle for Going to Church! | One Utah 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC oneutah.org [Source type: Original source]

^ No more than .8% of homicides are perpetrated with rifles using military calibers.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Horan would not discuss evidence in detail, but he said after the hearing that only Malvo's fingerprints were found on the .223-caliber Bushmaster XM15 semiautomatic rifle authorities believe was used in the killing spree.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

[18] .Utilizing a ballistic calculator, it is possible to reproduce the trajectory and time-in-flight of such a ranged shot.^ Some of the key criteria for using such rifles (ARs) are their huge aftermarket following, ease of use, long range ballistics, and relatively cheap ammo.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.With a nominal muzzle velocity of 823 metres (2,700 ft) per second for the Hornady 750 gr A-MAX projectile, and an estimated ballistic coefficient of 1.05,[19] such a shot fired at the estimated altitude of 9,000 feet (2,700 m) for the Shah-i-Kot Valley would have taken 3.92 seconds to reach the target, and drop 155.8 feet (47.5 m) during flight.^ Hunting is about firing a projectile or bb- shot at a particular target.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ If the gun, which Lewis presented to them, had been a single-shot muzzle-loader, the men of the group could have seen if a ball had been loaded and not fired.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts, spoken during floor debate over the Second Amendment [ I Annals of Congress at 750 {August 17, 1789}]) .
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Also note at such a long range, even a light breeze of 20 kilometres (12 mi) per hour would have blown the bullet off target by 20.8 feet (6.3 m).^ Such a good set of reasons naturally would lead to a consideration that the Rodney notes must be less than fully credible.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ VERY surprised to learn my 20" heavy barrel Bushmaster is a terrorist weapon, with no place in the field, at the range, or even in my gun safe.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Some of the key criteria for using such rifles (ARs) are their huge aftermarket following, ease of use, long range ballistics, and relatively cheap ammo.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.The previous record was held by U.S. Marine sniper Carlos Hathcock in February 1967 during the Vietnam War, at a distance of more than 2,347 yards (2,146 m) using a scope-mounted Browning M2 .50 machine gun.^ Scopes are for snipers and could be used by terrorist.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Where's the sport in using a high-powered-rifle and a sniper-scope to kill an animal from a distance of more than 50 yards?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ What was used during the Civil War?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[20][21][22] By contrast, much of the U.S./Coalition urban sniping in support of operations in Iraq is at much shorter ranges, although in one notable incident on April 3, 2003, Corporals Matt and Sam Hughes, a two-man sniper team of the Royal Marines, armed with L96 sniper rifles each killed targets at a range of about 860 metres (941 yd) with shots that, due to strong wind, had to be “fire[d] exactly 17 meters (56 ft) to the left of the target for the bullet to bend in the wind.”[23]
.During Operation Enduring Freedom, Spanish Navy Marine snipers shot cables hanging from the mast to the bridge of the North Korean freighter So San, smuggling Scud missiles through the waters of Socotra Island.^ Zumbo, I served in Desert Storm I, Somalia, got called back up for DS II, and Operation Enduring Freedom(Afghanistan).
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.These cables were preventing it from being boarded by fast rope for an arms inspection.^ "The difficulty here has been to persuade the citizens to keep arms, not to prevent them from being employed for violent purposes."
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.The shots were made at a range of 400 yards (370 m), with rough sea, from the deck of SPS Navarra (F85), and the Marines were armed with Barrett M95 rifles.^ All references to the Girandoni air rifles mention lethal combat ranges of 125 to 150 yards and some extend that range considerably.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.During Operation Harekate Yolo in Afghanistan, one Norwegian sniper of the 2nd Battalion, aiming from a trench, hit a Taliban insurgent from a distance of 1,380 meters, using 12.7 mm multi-purpose ammunition.^ "Less well known is that 5.56mm/.223 rifle ammunition is also ideally suited for law enforcement general purpose use in semi-automatic carbines.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have tried & used many so called 'EA' but Sniper is the "ONE".
  • Sniper Forex - Testimonial Page 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.sniperforex.com [Source type: General]

[24]

Police

Honolulu Police Department Specialized Services Division Counter-Sniper Team does aerial platform training.
.Law enforcement snipers, also commonly called police snipers, and military snipers differ in many ways, including their areas of operation and tactics.^ (FRANK JOHNSTON -- THE WASHINGTON POST) ___ Police Tip Line ___ Law enforcement officials have set up a consolidated tip line to aid in their investigation.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ I can't control the irrational fear so many people have of it and the manufactured "threat" that it supposedly presents to law enforcement.
  • Hello Kitty AR-15 - evil black rifle meets cute and cuddly 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC blog.riflegear.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Beretta 501: The Beretta model 501 sniper rifle was designed on the basis of the Beretta sporting rifle, and was intended for military and police use.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

A police sharpshooter is part of a police operation and usually takes part in relatively short missions. Police forces typically deploy such sharpshooters in hostage scenarios. .This differs from a military sniper, who operates as part of a larger army, engaged in warfare.^ The bolt-action rifle was the military firearm of the U.S. Army during World War I, and of military forces in other parts of the world for decades thereafter.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ M82: This weapon is the standard sniper rifle of the Canadian military and the former standard of the UK. The Canadian Militarys version is called the C3A1 has a different scope.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There was a small part of her that wondered if Bear was right, and did know who the sniper was.
  • Sniper, a CHIPs and Emergency crossover fanfic - FanFiction.Net 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.fanfiction.net [Source type: News]

.Sometimes as part of a SWAT team, police snipers are deployed alongside negotiators and an assault team trained for close quarters combat.^ For close-quarters combat rifles suck - takes a long time to swing them around.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Military officials told CNN Muhammad was not trained as a sniper and was not in the Special Forces, but had expertise in combat support missions.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ "For close-quarters combat rifles suck - takes a long time to swing them around.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

As policemen, they are trained to shoot only as a last resort, when there is a direct threat to life; the police sharpshooter has a well-known rule: "Be prepared to take a life to save a life."[25] Police snipers typically operate at much shorter ranges than military snipers, generally under 100 metres (109 yd) and sometimes even less than 50 metres (55 yd). .Both types of snipers do make difficult shots under pressure, and often perform one shot kills.^ The designers then optionaly add a safety sear mechanism to make them semi automatic or single shot or both.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The flash hider also adds about one to three inches to the barrel length, thus making the firearms more difficult to *398 conceal.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One shot, placed center of mass, will kill a person.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

A US Secret Service sniper on the roof of the White House
.Police units which are unprepared for tactical operations may rely on a specialized SWAT tactical team, which may have a dedicated sniper team member.^ Police in Marion said the property searched was a training camp -- "Ground Zero USA" -- that specializes in urban warfare, martial arts and SWAT tactics.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ There are a few exceptions- Special Operations teams who practice for specific situations, but the level of training and maintenance of the skill set needed to shoot a handgun in a precise manner is beyond the scope of most police departments.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The operation and special features of this gun, even its shortcomings, may be even more important to our quest than its fabled firepower.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25] .Some police sniper operations begin with military assistance.^ The sniper task force's curiosity grows, and the Montgomery police chief sends some of his detectives to Washington, D.C., with files of information.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ BTW, the guns that Mr. Zumbo advocates for hunting purposes are basically the same guns that are used by Military and Police Snipers.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[26] .Police snipers placed in vantage points, such as high buildings, can provide security for events.^ (Thanks to the U.S. Army War College for providing high security transport of the Lewis airgun to and from the Kansas City show.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They will maintain it under 24 hour Special Forces guard in a new high security building which meets national archive standards for fireproofing.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In many many places there is no such limitation on the police.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27]
.The need for specialized training for police sharpshooters was made apparent in 1972 during the Munich massacre when the German police could not deploy specialized personnel or equipment during the standoff at the airport in the closing phase of the crisis, and consequently all of the Israeli hostages were killed.^ I like the gun actually, I know that it could be a real problem with kids but just like any gun they all will kill!!!
  • Hello Kitty AR-15 - evil black rifle meets cute and cuddly 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC blog.riflegear.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Well, the police officer has to use a lot more force because with all the gear on the belt, he has to win or potentially get injured or killed.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After this it was deemed wise to take back the airguns and issue them only to select, specially trained Tyrolean sharpshooter units.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The German police only had regular police who were selected if they did hunting as a hobby.^ I would not be the least concerned about the type of weapon they used to hunt with, only their acumen, skill and regard for their safety and the safety of others around them.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I can only hope that the folks who sponsor you don't feel the same as you do, including your corporate hunting partners (Remington employees) who were with you when you wrote this drivel.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ They are the ones who started the nonsense that the right to keep and bear arms refers only to hunting and sporting purposes.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.May 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] While the German army did have snipers in 1972, the use of snipers of the German army in the scenario was impossible due to the German constitution's explicit prohibition of the use of the military in domestic matters.^ What did the military use in WWII? .
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Zumbo, you may endeavor with your whole heart to understand the utility and benefits of using military-style semi-automatic weapons to hunt game animals.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Beretta 501: The Beretta model 501 sniper rifle was designed on the basis of the Beretta sporting rifle, and was intended for military and police use.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

.This situation was later addressed with the founding of the specialized police counter-terrorist unit GSG 9.^ Police are not, even with the threat of 'terrorists' and 'drug lords,' necessarily facing the same situations as soldiers on the battlefield.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ KUALA LUMPUR -- A cache of weapons and ammunition found in Bercham, Perak, on Sunday night could be linked to the chaotic political situation in the state, police say.
  • M16 Assault Rifle M-16 - Daily Bulletin from Gun Policy News 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.gunpolicy.org [Source type: News]

.In one high-profile incident, a SWAT sniper in Columbus, Ohio prevented a suicide by shooting a revolver out of the individual's hand, leaving him unharmed.^ And get him OUT of the shooting community.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ For the record, I disagree with him too, but for the most part he is one of my favorite writers, and I can agree to disagree with him and leave it at that.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ It is one of the "high powers" delegated directly to the citizen, and 'is excepted out of the general powers of government.'
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[28]

Training

A US Marine extracts a fired cartridge casing and chambers a new round into his M40A3.
.Military sniper training aims to teach a high degree of proficiency in camouflage and concealment, stalking, observation and map reading as well as precision marksmanship under various operational conditions.^ In one fondly-remembered episode he actually managed to get his hands on a well-equipped military armoured car - which he then allowed some gangbangers to steal from under his nose.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Military officials told CNN Muhammad was not trained as a sniper and was not in the Special Forces, but had expertise in combat support missions.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ "In the United States, it is not illegal for anyone to receive military training, high-grade military training," said Rohan Gunaratna, author of Inside Al Qaeda.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

.Trainees typically shoot thousands of rounds over a number of weeks, while learning these core skills.^ I figure I shoot somewhere around 250 rounds every two weeks from my pistols alone.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Not only are most of these guns NEVER used in any type of 'combat' even defined in the most open of ways, but the majority of rounds fired in America are used for target shooting.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ That does not include the thousands of rounds I shoot out of my "terrorist rifles" each year.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Snipers are trained to squeeze the trigger straight back with the ball of their finger, to avoid jerking the gun sideways.^ After moving a ball into firing position, the gun is cocked by pulling back on a hammer-like cocking lever.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If one tests a firearm under highly artificial conditions--such as bolting the gun to heavy platform and squeezing the trigger by jerking one's arm back and forth--a semiautomatic will "cycle" slightly faster than other firearms.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] The most accurate position is prone, with a sandbag supporting the stock, and the stock's cheek-piece against the cheek.[6] In the field, a bipod can be used instead. Sometimes a sling is wrapped around the weak arm (or both) to reduce stock movement.[6] .Some doctrines train a sniper to breathe deeply before shooting, then hold their lungs empty while they line up and take their shot.^ As was stated here many times before, if the antis get a hold of this they will have a field day with it.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Or are such poor shots they need overkilling power to make up for their lack of skill.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ They are going to take your shotgun, 22 rifle, anything they deam as a weapon capable of shooting a modern cartridge projectile.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[6] Some go further, teaching their snipers to shoot between heartbeats to minimize barrel motion.[6]

Accuracy

A sniper, using a MK.14 EBR uses two stakes to help steady his aim while providing overwatch in Iraq.
.The key to sniping is accuracy, which applies to both the weapon and the shooter.^ The key words there are “selective fire” meaning a weapon that can fire in both semi and full auto modes.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ With its greater accuracy and low penetration, the AR-15 / M-16 is a much safer weapon in the hands of a trained shooter.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The weapon should be able to consistently place shots within high tolerances.^ Why should law abiding hunters be limited by any legal to use guns capable placing the shot in the target, whether paper targets or animals?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Before his father could focus, the third-grader from Connecticut squeezed the trigger, and the high-powered weapon recoiled and fatally shot the boy in the head.
  • M16 Assault Rifle M-16 - Daily Bulletin from Gun Policy News 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.gunpolicy.org [Source type: News]

^ The police are not gearing up for a fair fight, nor as the public should we expect them to tolerate that high a level of routine risk.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .The sniper in turn must utilize the weapon to accurately place shots under varying conditions.^ Does that mean you consider accurate scoped bolt actions chambered for high power centerfire cartridges "sniper weapons"?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ They are just as accurate as your .223 sniper weapon (insert Remington 700) that will be under attack next by the Democraps?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I see no place for these sniper weapons among our hunting fraternity.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[6]
.A sniper must have the ability to accurately estimate the various factors that influence a bullet's trajectory and point of impact such as: range to the target, wind direction, wind velocity, altitude and elevation of the sniper and the target and ambient temperature.^ The second major factor in the force of a bullet's impact is its velocity.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After that, it'll most likely be rifles, with their high-power scopes, powerful ammunition, and ability for snipers to inflict death at incredibly long ranges.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Now, the things which make an AR a good self-defense rifle do not detract from its ability to accurately place rounds down target, which is what one needs for hunting.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Mistakes in estimation compound over distance and can decrease lethality or cause a shot to miss completely.[6]
.Snipers zero their weapons at a target range or in the field.^ VERY surprised to learn my 20" heavy barrel Bushmaster is a terrorist weapon, with no place in the field, at the range, or even in my gun safe.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The M21 began to be fielded in the second half of 1969 and remained the U.S. Army's primary Sniper Weapon System until it began to be replaced by the M24 SWS in 1988.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The next label is that your Deer rifle is a "sniper rifle" (your weapon becomes the next target)...
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.This is the process of adjusting the scope so that the bullet's points-of-impact is at the point-of-aim (centre of scope or scope's cross-hairs) for a specific distance.^ "[T]he full scope of liberty guaranteed by the Due Process Clause cannot be found in or limited by the precise terms of the specific guarantees elsewhere provided in the Constitution ...
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .A rifle and scope should retain its zero as long as possible under all conditions to reduce the need to re-zero during missions.^ M1903A4: Springfield Armory designed this weapon to meet the need for sniper rifles in the Pacific combat during World War II. It was adopted in 1943 and Springfield produced them with 2.5x telescopic scopes.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In addition to this the timeframe traded means that I don't need to be tied to my trading terminal all day long.
  • Sniper Forex - Testimonial Page 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.sniperforex.com [Source type: General]

^ All we need is one child shooting someone with a rifle painted like that to pass a law banning such painting.
  • Hello Kitty AR-15 - evil black rifle meets cute and cuddly 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC blog.riflegear.com [Source type: Original source]

[6]
.A sandbag can serve as a useful platform for shooting a sniper rifle, although any soft surface such as a rucksack will steady a rifle and contribute to consistency.^ Does he not know that many many thousands of AR-15 type rifles are used ethically every day for hunting and target shooting?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The AR-15 platform is a proven weapons system, and a proven hunting rifle that has been in use by American hunters and law enforcement officers for decades.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The AR15 is probably THE American rifle of our time, and serves a multitude of useful functions including: hunting small to medium sized game, target shooting, self defense...
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[6] .In particular, bipods help when firing from a prone position, and enable the firing position to be sustained for an extended period of time.^ Although we saw no deer that particular day, we went to a local area, used by most folks as a rifle range, and I fired, at that time, the sweetest rifle I had ever held.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Many police and military sniper rifles come equipped with an adjustable bipod.^ Many of my friends and colleagues have used semi-automatic, magazine fed rifles during the discharge of their official duties as police officers and soldiers.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Although the guns are not military arms, they do share many common components with the automatic assault rifles that they resemble.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beretta 501: The Beretta model 501 sniper rifle was designed on the basis of the Beretta sporting rifle, and was intended for military and police use.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

[6] Makeshift bipods can also be constructed from items such as tree branches or ski poles.[6]
Accuracy and Range also depends on the cartridge used:
Cartridge Maximum effective range[29]
5.56x45mm 300–500 m
7.62x51mm (.308 Winchester) 800–1,000 m
7.62x54mm R 800–1,000 m
7 mm Remington Magnum 900–1,100 m
.300 Winchester Magnum 900–1,200 m
.338 Lapua Magnum 1,300–1,600 m
.50 BMG (12.7x99mm NATO)
12.7x108mm (Russian) 1,500–2,000 m
14.5x114mm 1,900–2,300 m
.408 Chey Tac > 2,400 m

U.S. military

Servicemen volunteer for sniper training and are accepted on the basis of their aptitude as perceived by their commanders. .Military snipers may be trained as forward air controllers (FACs) to direct air strikes or forward observers (FOs) to direct artillery or mortar fire.^ Authorities say a hole had been bored in the trunk from which the snipers may have fired on their unsuspecting victims.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ Military officials told CNN Muhammad was not trained as a sniper and was not in the Special Forces, but had expertise in combat support missions.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

^ The air dumped on this first fire may have been residual air from the Brunot demonstration only a week earlier.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Targeting

.The range to the target is measured or estimated as precisely as conditions permit and correct range estimation becomes absolutely critical at long ranges, because a bullet travels with a curved trajectory and the sniper must compensate for this by aiming higher at longer distances.^ You will have only yourself to thank (and others like you) when you can no longer shoot prairie dogs and coyotes with your "sniper rifles"; because what sensible person would "murder" harmless creatures thay do not intend to eat, with rifles designed to "murder" human beings at long distances.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ People like Jim Zumbo must be squelched in their tracks before they come knocking on our doors to take even the "High Powered - Long Range -Sniper Rifle" he uses.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ When the gun haters come after your "long range sniper rifle" you will know what the "sport utility rifle" crowd is feeling right now.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[6] .If the exact distance is not known the sniper may compensate incorrectly and the bullet path may be too high or low.^ Where's the sport in using a high-powered-rifle and a sniper-scope to kill an animal from a distance of more than 50 yards?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ They first showed it at 1.48 and the next video was 1.55, so I bit the bullet and went on a 4H Sniper long signal at 1.6012, all on the 29th May.
  • Sniper Forex - Testimonial Page 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.sniperforex.com [Source type: General]

.As an example, for a typical military sniping cartridge such as 7.62 × 51 mm NATO (.308 Winchester) M118 Special Ball round this difference (or “drop”) from 700 to 800 metres (770–870 yd) is 200 millimetres (7.9 in).^ The utter asininity of such a comment even goes so far as to ignore the long history of military cartridges developing a following in the sporting world.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I fail to see the difference to the coyote or prarie dog if it gets shot with an AR15 firing a .223 caliber round, or a bolt-action Remington 700 firing a .223 caliber round.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The venerable .30-'06 and .308 military cartridges have spawned whole families of derivatives in various calibers.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.This means that if the sniper incorrectly estimated the distance as 700 meters when the target was in fact 800 meters away, the bullet will be 200 millimeters lower than expected by the time it reaches the target.^ The "semi" in "semiautomatic" comes from the fact that the energy created by the explosion of gunpowder, used to force the bullet down the barrel, is diverted away from the shooter.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Where's the sport in using a high-powered-rifle and a sniper-scope to kill an animal from a distance of more than 50 yards?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Other things being equal, a bullet traveling at high velocity *394 will be more destructive than a bullet traveling at lower velocity.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
.Laser rangefinders may be used, but are not preferred on the battlefield because a laser can be seen by both the sender and the receiver.^ Just because YOU prefer to use a certain type of rifle doesn't mean EVERYONE should prefer to use that type.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I have been involved in shooting sports and hunting almost all of my life and I have seen AR-15 rifles (and clones) used widely throughout both.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ TOOLS are no more "terrorist rifles" than shoes that may be seen as "bomb holders" because of richard reid.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.One useful method is comparing the height of the target (or nearby objects) to their size on the mil dot scope, or taking a known distance and using some sort of measure (utility poles, fence posts) to determine the additional distance.^ Putting the distinctive A2 handguards on the older rifle was a method used by Movie/TV armorers to simulate A2 rifles when M16A1s were the only ones available.
  • M16 rifle series - imfdb :. guns in movies :. movie guns :. the internet movie firearms database 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.imfdb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A File object just provides a reference to a file; to actually get some data out of the file you need to use a FileReader object.

^ The JpegMeta module object has one public interface of use, the JpegFile class.

The average human head is 150 millimeters (5.9 in) in width, average human shoulders are 500 millimeters (20 in) apart and the average distance from a person's pelvis to the top of their head is 1,000 millimeters (39 in).
U.S. Air Force Airman positions herself in the brush during an exercise scenario at Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska.
.To determine the range to a target without a laser rangefinder, the sniper may use the mil dot reticle on a scope to accurately find the range.^ Scopes are for snipers and could be used by terrorist.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Does that mean you consider accurate scoped bolt actions chambered for high power centerfire cartridges "sniper weapons"?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Cox's problem may be that BATF traces are not an accurate indicator of which guns are used in crime.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mil dots are used like a slide rule to measure the height of a target, and if the height is known, the range can be as well.^ Our Grandpas likely learned to shoot using their M1903 service rifles on a military range.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ "Less well known is that 5.56mm/.223 rifle ammunition is also ideally suited for law enforcement general purpose use in semi-automatic carbines.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Neighbors reported hearing frequent shooting from the house, and investigators dug up tree stumps and other items Muhammad likely used for target practice.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

The height of the target (in yards) ×1000, divided by the height of the target (in mils), gives the range in yards. This is only in general, however, as both scope magnification (7×, 40×) and mil dot spacing change. .The USMC standard is that 1 mil (that is, 1 milliradian) equals 3.438 MOA (minute of arc, or, equivalently, minute of angle), while the US Army standard is 3.6 MOA, chosen so as to give a diameter of 1 yard at a distance of 1000 yards (or equivalently, a diameter of 1 meter at a range of 1 kilometer.^ Second, I'm confident that our competition AR15 rifles will out shoot your varmint rifles at any distance between 500 and 1000 yards.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ It will shoot a 1/2 minute of angle out to 600 yards if I do my part.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ This is a minute of angle gun at any distance I would be using it for coyotes.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

) .Many commercial manufacturers use 3.5, splitting the difference, since it is easier to work with.^ These weapons were used in pre WWIII outbreaks all over the world by many different Special Forces units.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Many hunters use semi-automatic firearms for hunting, and many manufacturers sell them for that purpose.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The short of it is, it was selected as the best tool for my use for a few reasons after many hours of applying different rifles to the tasks at hand.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[6]
Explanation: 1 MIL = 1 milli-radian. That is, 1 MIL = 1x10^-3 radian. But, 10^-3 rad x (360 deg/ (2 x Pi) radians) = 0.0573 degrees. Now, 1 MOA = 1/60 degree = 0.01667 degrees. Hence, there are 0.0573/0.01667 = 3.43775 MOA per MIL, where MIL is defined as a milli-radian. On the other hand, defining a mil-dot by the US Army way, to equate it to 1-yard (1 m) at 1,000 yards (1,000 m), means the Army's mil-dot is approximately 3.6 MOA.
It is important to note that angular mil (mil) is only an approximation of a milliradian and different organizations use different approximations. Please see three definitions of the angular mil.
At longer ranges, bullet drop plays a significant role in targeting.[6] .The effect can be estimated from a chart which may be memorized or taped to the rifle, although some scopes come with Bullet Drop Compensator (BDC) systems that only require the range be dialed in.^ This quote from you is pure diatribe:"I call them "assault" rifles, which may upset some people.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ As of May 1986, production of new automatics (including assault rifles) for the civilian market became completely illegal, although there have been some disputes among the lower federal courts about the constitutionality of the prohibition.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any airgun historian or student would immediately realize that this description could only apply to a Girandoni system repeating air rifle.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These are tuned to both a specific class of rifle and specific ammunition. It must be noted that every bullet type and load will have different ballistics. .308 Federal 175 grain (11.3 g) BTHP match shoots at 2,600 ft/s (790 m/s). .Zeroed at 100 yards (100 m), a 16.2 MOA adjustment would have to be made to hit a target at 600 yards (500 m).^ Every average hunter I have been around like said above can barely hit paper at 100 yards!
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Not that is is difficult to outshoot someone who rarely shoots more than a box of ammo per 2 years even then barely hitting paper at 100 yards.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I mean these guys coudn't hit a 24 inch steel target at 200 yards.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

If the same bullet was shot with 168 grain (10.9 g), a 17.1 MOA adjustment would be necessary.[6]
.Shooting uphill or downhill is confusing for many because gravity does not act perpendicular to the direction the bullet is traveling.^ Does he not know that many many thousands of AR-15 type rifles are used ethically every day for hunting and target shooting?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ As a result, accuracy is diminished; a bullet that exits the muzzle when the muzzle is being whipped in one direction, at the top of a sine wave, will travel in a different direction from a bullet that leaves when the muzzle is whipped in a different direction, at the bottom of the sine wave.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because trust me there are many, many, many other average Joe hunters that feel the same way as Mr Zumbo does.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Thus, gravity must be divided into its component vectors. Only the fraction of gravity equal to the cosine of the angle of fire with respect to the horizon affects the rate of fall of the bullet, with the remained adding or subtracting negligible velocity to the bullet along its trajectory. .To find the correct zero, the sniper multiplies the actual distance to the range by this fraction and aims as if the target were that distance away.^ They will call them high powered sniper rifles capable of killing targets from miles away.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ With that evil looking scope that can be used to assasinate unsuspecting targets at distances up to 1,000 yards away!
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.For example, a sniper who observes a target 500 meters away at a 45-degree angle downhill would multiply the range by the cosine of 45 degrees, which is 0.707. The resulting distance will be 353 meters.^ They will call them high powered sniper rifles capable of killing targets from miles away.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ This is a minute of angle gun at any distance I would be using it for coyotes.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Of course to any person who wants to throw away your consitutional rights every bolt action gun you own would be considered a sniper rifle.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

This number is also equal to the horizontal distance to the target. .All other values, such as windage, time-to-target, impact velocity, and energy will be calculated based on the actual range of 500 meters.^ An AR-15, AR-10 and other such rifles are all semi-automatic and used for target and sporting purposes by law abiding citizens all over the USA (except for California and we don't consdier those people Americans anyway).
  • Hello Kitty AR-15 - evil black rifle meets cute and cuddly 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC blog.riflegear.com [Source type: Original source]

^ New study ..has not only removed all of the objections to such a rifle being carried by Captain Meriwether Lewis but has identified the actual rifle.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If an AR-15 is considered a "terrorist" rifle, then what about all the other semi-automatic rifles out there such as mini-14's.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Windage which also plays a significant role, the effect increasing with wind speed or the distance of the shot.^ The number of U.S. crimes rose last year for the first time in a decade, an increase that coincided with an economic downturn that many experts say played a key role.
  • THE SNIPER CASE - THE FRENCH CONNECTION 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.greatdreams.com [Source type: News]

.The slant of visible convections near the ground can be used to estimate crosswinds, and correct the point of aim.^ Today's US serviceman is taught to shoot using an M-16, even in places like your old hunting grounds at USMA West Point, Jim.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Recently, a small device known as a cosine indicator has been developed.[6] .This device is clamped to the tubular body of the telescopic sight, and gives an indicative readout in numerical form as the rifle is aimed up or down at the target.^ We should all put down the scary black rifles, and pick up our "Sniper" rifles that look just like Mr. Zumbo's...
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Your telescope-sighted rifle and repeating scattergun are on the anti's confiscation and ban agenda too- just further down their wish list than my AR-15s.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ And give up all your rifles and stop hunting, because that is the path you have chosen.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[6] .This is translated into a figure used to compute the horizontal range to the target.^ He runs a Weatherby Lasermark as his primary deer rifle and loathes my AR15, even though I only use it to kill targets at the range.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.All adjustments for range, wind, and elevation can be performed by aiming off the target, called "holding over" or Kentucky windage.^ Its not all about just ripping rounds down range ( I bought my children, age 9 and 11 single shot .22s in order to make them Aim).
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[6] Alternately, the scope can be adjusted so that the point of aim is changed to compensate for these factors, sometimes referred to as "dialing in". The shooter must remember to return the scope to zeroed position. .Adjusting the scope allows for more accurate shots, because the cross-hairs can be aligned with the target more accurately, but the sniper must know exactly what differences the changes will have on the point-of-impact at each target range.^ It would be rather irrational to ban a firearm because it was particularly accurate and, hence, posed a smaller danger of stray shots.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is both significantly more accurate because the muzzle and the shooter are both less likely to move out of position, and more comfortable to shoot.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6]
For moving targets, the point-of-aim is ahead of the target in the direction of movement. Known as "leading" the target, the amount of "lead" depends on the speed and angle of the target's movement as well as the distance to the target. For this technique, holding over is the preferred method.[6] .Anticipating the behavior of the target is necessary to accurately place the shot.^ Why should law abiding hunters be limited by any legal to use guns capable placing the shot in the target, whether paper targets or animals?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Now, the things which make an AR a good self-defense rifle do not detract from its ability to accurately place rounds down target, which is what one needs for hunting.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[6]

Hide sites and hiding techniques

A sniper wearing a ghillie suit to remain hidden in grassland terrain
The term "hide site" refers to a covered and concealed position in which a sniper and his team will conduct surveillance and/or fire from. .A hide is to give the shooter good visibility of the surrounding area, good cover from enemy fire, and to conceal and camouflage the sniper.^ Pistols are dangerous because they are easily carried and concealed; shotguns because they spray metal projectiles over a wide area; certain hunting rifles because they fire large caliber bullets, and certain "sniper rifles" because they are accurate over great distances.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He hits only twice, and poorly, but says "Good enough" and ambles back to his pickup after giving the AR-toting shooter a long, hostile glare.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.The main purpose of ghillie suits and hide sites are to break up the outline of a person with a rifle.^ What if a person can only afford one rifle and they want an all purpose rifle?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Also, hard-use, you will likely read - military oriented, rifles are ideally suited to keep up with the challenges presented to a sportsmen.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Concealed Fox holes are also commonly used in woodland areas to conceal a sniper but still enable him to see from a safe position.^ Despite seeing hundreds, if not thousands of accident victims in his career as a paramedic, Johnny still wasn’t ready for the sight before him.
  • Sniper, a CHIPs and Emergency crossover fanfic - FanFiction.Net 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.fanfiction.net [Source type: News]

^ Personally I can see that Wave gadgets could (and probably already do for many) make it something quite unique and useful, however I’m still struggling with it.

^ Let me remind him of another recently used intimidating but vague term proffered by anti-gunners: "Sniper rifle".
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Tactics

US Army sniper team shooting from within a room in Afghanistan with M24 SWS, 19 October 2006.

Shot placement

.Shot placement varies considerably with the type of sniper being discussed.^ That's not the type of rifle being discussed here.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Military snipers, who generally do not engage targets at less than 300 m (330 yd), usually attempt body shots, aiming at the chest.^ People who own military rifles have more of a Constitutional and common law right to "keep and bear arms" than any hunter.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Permalink In general, I think they'd have been far less jumpy about the issue than we are, for a very unfortunate reason: .
  • AZ Assault Rifle-Wielding Man And Gun-Toter In NH Belong To Same Right-Wing Group | TPMMuckraker 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is nearly impossible for even trained shooters to fire on target at much faster than one shot per second.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These shots depend on tissue damage, organ trauma, and blood loss to make the kill.^ It should take only one shot for a competent hunter to make a competent kill.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ These 15 shot pistols just make for poor marksmanship.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Police snipers who generally engage at much shorter distances may attempt more precise shot at particular parts of body or particular devices: in one event in 2007 in Marseille, a GIPN sniper took a shot from 80 m (87 yd) at the pistol of a policeman threatening to commit suicide, destroying the weapon and preventing him from killing himself.^ I see it more as, one shot, one kill.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The very rifle Zumbo carries with him is more than likely deadlier at longer range than any of the so-called assault weapons he condemns.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The General Artillery Director, the Duke of Colloredo himself, reported on July 21, 1789 : Due to their construction, these guns were much more difficult to use effectively than normal, as one had to handle them much more cautiously and carefully.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30] Less lethal shots (at arms or legs) may also be taken at criminals to sap their will to fight or reduce their mobility.
.In a high-risk or instant-death hostage situation, police snipers may take head shots to ensure an instant kill.^ I am sure that WHEN they take your HUNTING RIFLE away as a HIGH POWER SNIPER RIFLE you will happily take golf, or knitting.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I know not what course others may take; but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Rifles that can take accurate shots past that should be for police use.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

The snipers aim for the "apricot", or the medulla oblongata, located inside the head, a part of the brain that controls involuntary movement that lies at the base of the skull. .Some ballistics and neurological researchers have argued that severing the spinal cord at an area near the second cervical vertebra is actually achieved,[citation needed] usually having the same effect of preventing voluntary motor activity, but the debate on the matter remains largely academic at present.^ I have a suspicion against a possible application, and intend of having it shutdown at some point and then monitoring the output from the sar -v for several samples to determine if I see the same pattern as per the output above.

^ Having low pressure in the air bottle could have several effects.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Researching this some more I find that GTK+ is known to do a large number of allocations that are done once per program run and are never released.

Targets

A US Marine sniper wearing a ghillie suit.
.Snipers can target personnel or materiel, but most often they target the most important enemy personnel such as officers or specialists (e.g.^ They will call them high powered sniper rifles capable of killing targets from miles away.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Officials at the National Rifle Association and the U.S. Army War College have indicated that they feel that Lewis' airgun was the most important individual gun in American history.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And they are often referred to as 'sniper rifles' by the anti-gun crowd.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

communications operators) so as to cause maximum disruption to enemy operations. .Other personnel they might target include those who pose an immediate threat to the sniper, like dog handlers, who are often employed in a search for snipers.^ Shame on Jim Zumbo for disrespecting those like myself who own "Liberty teeth".
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ However, as a long time Remington owner, rest assured they will be hearing from me – and I hope many others like me - in the hopes that they will soon disassociate themselves from you.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I have a few military surplus rifles in the arms locker,and to me, they pose no threat, they aren't rearing and ready to spread terror amongst the populance.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.A sniper identifies officers by their appearance and behavior such as symbols of rank, talking to radio operators, sitting as a passenger in a car, having military servants, binoculars/map cases or talking and moving position more frequently.^ It is both significantly more accurate because the muzzle and the shooter are both less likely to move out of position, and more comfortable to shoot.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If those people insist on driving a “sports” car, there are plenty of models that should have more than enough power for moving through traffic.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ As to you comments on having a wood stock...up until recently, the military sniper rifle AND ALL AUTOMATIC RIFLES used wood stocks.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.If possible, snipers shoot in descending order by rank, or if rank is unavailable, they shoot to disrupt communications.^ Then they will go after the sniper rifles, "hunters" like you use to shoot game.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ They are capable of shooting down airplanes and blowing up limosines - they are the mass-destruction tools of 'snipers' like those that murder wantonly in Kosovo and Iraq!
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Since most kills in modern warfare are by crew-served weapons, reconnaissance is one of the most effective uses of snipers.^ If you think there is any more effective way to protect yourself and your loved ones from the most heinous crimes - murder, torture, rape, etc.
  • Hello Kitty AR-15 - evil black rifle meets cute and cuddly 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC blog.riflegear.com [Source type: Original source]

They use their aerobic conditioning, infiltration skills and excellent long-distance observation equipment and tactics to approach and observe the enemy. In this role, their rules of engagement let them engage only high value targets of opportunity.
.Some rifles, such as the Denel NTW-20 are designed for a purely anti-materiel (AM) role, e.g.^ This quote from you is pure diatribe:"I call them "assault" rifles, which may upset some people.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ In fact, it is one of the most pure American rifles, designed and built in the US! .
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Last time I went, I used my FAL. The FAL has a 20 round magazine, not because I was "spraying and praying," but because that's what the rifle was designed for, and they function the best.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

shooting turbine disks of parked aircraft, missile guidance packages, expensive optics, and the bearings, tubes or wave guides of radar sets. .A sniper equipped with the correct rifle can target radar dishes, water containers, the engines of vehicles, and any number of other targets.^ I mean, other than the President actually having armed and armored protection and being surrounded by dozens of armed men with actual assault rifles and sniper rifles.
  • Man Carrying An Assault Rifle And Pistol Outside Obama Event | LiveWire 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other rifles, such as the .50 caliber rifles produced by Barrett and McMillan are not designed exclusively as AM rifles, but are often employed in such a way, providing the range and power needed for AM applications in a lightweight package compared to most traditional AM rifles.^ Obviously a traditional spring clamp, designed to compress the V-shaped mainspring found in most flintlock firearms, cannot be used to restrain a flat mainspring.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The rifles are, after all, designed to kill animals such as an 800 pound elk with a single shot at a distance of a third of a mile or more.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Originally, it was planned to have one such wheeled air machine for each five air rifles, plus the little hand pumps, but only two of the wheeled pumps actually were produced [9] .
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other calibers, such as the .408 Cheyenne Tactical and the .338 Lapua Magnum are designed to be capable of limited AM application, but are ideally suited as long range anti-personnel rounds.^ I have other rifles better suited, but both the AR and AK are capable when used within their limitations.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Some of the key criteria for using such rifles (ARs) are their huge aftermarket following, ease of use, long range ballistics, and relatively cheap ammo.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ They are capable of different calibers such as the 25 WSSM, 243 WSSM, 6.5 Grendle, 6.8 SPC, 458 SOCOM, to name a few.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Relocating

.Often in situations with multiple targets, snipers use relocation.^ You kill animals with yours, I shoot paper targets with mine and could use it in a self defense situation at some point.
  • Hello Kitty AR-15 - evil black rifle meets cute and cuddly 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC blog.riflegear.com [Source type: Original source]

.After firing a few shots from a certain position, snipers move unseen to another location before the enemy can determine where he or she is and mount a counter-attack.^ The Indian method of attack was to rush their enemy after the defenders fired their single-shot guns.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A few guns labeled "assault weapons" are revolver-type guns (such as the Striker 12 shotgun), while others are single-shot (able to fire only a single shot before reloading), such as the Encom CM-55 shotgun.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After moving a ball into firing position, the gun is cocked by pulling back on a hammer-like cocking lever.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Snipers will frequently use this tactic to their advantage, creating an atmosphere of chaos and confusion.

Sound masking

.As sniper rifles are often extremely powerful and consequently loud, it is common for snipers to use a technique known as sound masking.^ Those high powered sniper rifles you guys use.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ It is after all a high power, scoped, smiper rifle capable of taking human life from extreme distances and without notice.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Do not expect assistance when they come for your high powered bolt action sniper rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

This tactic, in the hands of a highly skilled marksman, can be used as a substitute for a noise suppressor. Very loud sounds in the environment, such as artillery shells air bursting or claps of thunder, can often mask the sound of the shot. This technique is frequently used in clandestine operations and infiltration tactics.

Psychological warfare

.Due to the unexpected aspect of sniper fire, high lethality of aimed shots and frustration at the inability to locate and attack snipers, sniper tactics have a significant effect on morale.^ Jim I do not think you are a terrorist sniper due to the fact you have high powered rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I shot my first deer this year with a tactical SWAT sniper rifle.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Extensive use of sniper tactics can be used as a psychological strategy in order to induce constant stress in opposing forces.
.One may note that by many aspects (constant threat, high "per event" lethality, inability to strike back), the psychological impact imposed by snipers is quite similar to those of landmines, booby-traps, and IEDs.^ Just a note for those of you who cannot express themselves adequately without crudity and profanity -- there may well be a place for that sort of language.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The only people who need high powered super bolt action sniper rifles are those playing commando, and they need to be thrown in prison.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ AFTER a career as a police officer and as a person who carried one of those "terrorist rifles" in my car for many years I have to congratulate you.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Historically, captured snipers are often summarily executed. .This happened during World War I[31] and also during World War II.^ The bolt-action rifle was the military firearm of the U.S. Army during World War I, and of military forces in other parts of the world for decades thereafter.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .As a result, if a sniper is in imminent danger of capture, he may discard any items which might indicate his status as a sniper.^ The same thinking may have been behind the sale of a Girandoni repeater, which might have happened their way, to Captain Lewis before left for the dangerous wilderness of the west.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The risk of captured snipers being summarily executed is explicitly referred to in Chapter 6 of US Army doctrine document FM 3-060.11 entitled 'SNIPER AND COUNTERSNIPER TACTICS, TECHNIQUES, AND PROCEDURES':
Historically, units that suffered heavy and continual casualties from urban sniper fire and were frustrated by their inability to strike back effectively often have become enraged. Such units may overreact and violate the laws of land warfare concerning the treatment of captured snipers. This tendency is magnified if the unit has been under the intense stress of urban combat for an extended time. It is vital that commanders and leaders at all levels understand the law of land warfare and also understand the psychological pressures of urban warfare. It requires strong leadership and great moral strength to prevent soldiers from releasing their anger and frustration on captured snipers or civilians suspected of sniping at them.
.The negative reputation of snipers can be traced back to the American Revolution, when American "Marksmen" would intentionally target British officers, an act considered uncivilized by the British Army at the time (this reputation would be cemented during the Battle of Saratoga, when Benedict Arnold allegedly ordered his marksmen to target British General Simon Fraser, an act that would win the battle and French support).^ But I fully support those who do and would contribute my time and money to fight to protect them.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Benedict Arnold’s in this industry especially considering the UN, Big Media, and leftist pressure.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Our founding fathers used what we would now considered "Assault Rifles" against the British.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[7] .However, the British side used specially selected sharpshooters as well, often German mercenaries.^ After this it was deemed wise to take back the airguns and issue them only to select, specially trained Tyrolean sharpshooter units.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7]
To demoralize enemy troops, snipers can follow predictable patterns. During the 26th of July Movement in the Cuban Revolution, the revolutionaries led by Fidel Castro always killed the foremost man in a group of President Batista's soldiers. Realizing this, none of Batista's men would walk first, as it was suicidal. This effectively decreased the army's willingness to search for rebel bases in the mountains. An alternative approach to this psychological process is to kill the second man in the row, leading to the psychological effect that nobody would want to follow the "leader".
The phrase "one shot, one kill" has gained notoriety in popular culture as a glorification of the "sniper mystique." The phrase embodies the sniper's tactics and philosophy of stealth and efficiency. .The term may mean that single round should be fired, avoiding unnecessary firing (since every shot fired by a sniper can assist the enemy in locating the sniper).^ All guns should be single shots.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ If the gun, which Lewis presented to them, had been a single-shot muzzle-loader, the men of the group could have seen if a ball had been loaded and not fired.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So maybe the game departments should ban those as well and only allow single-shot rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

As well, every shot should be accurately placed, in order to kill or severely wound the victim. Whether the phrase actually reflects reality is of course subject to debate, but it has been widely used in literature and movies.

Counter-sniper tactics

The occurrence of sniper warfare has led to the evolution of many counter-sniper tactics in modern military strategies. .These aim to reduce the damage caused by a sniper to an army, which can often be harmful to both fighting capabilities and morale.^ I know cause i saw that movie where the Russian sniper and German sniper used these types of weapons.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.The risk of damage to a chain of command can be reduced by removing/concealing features which would otherwise indicate an officer's rank.^ I would advise Mr. Zumro to forcibly remove his head from his rectum before he does any more damage to the shooting sports.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ So the question of who controls software is a profound and political question.” He spoke about “ antifeatures ”, features that users hate and would even pay money to have removed.

Armies nowadays tend to avoid saluting officers in the field and eliminate rank insignia on BDUs. .Officers can seek maximum cover before revealing themselves as good candidates for sniping through actions like reading maps and using radios.^ You like shooting bolt actions not to mention you recomend them as a firearm that hunters should use, and the Nazies armed their army with bolt actions .....
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I still like Jim and will continue to watch his shows, read his blog and use his cook book.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ When used in hunting, they fire one round per trigger pull, just like a bolt action, lever action, or pump action rifle.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Friendly snipers can be used to hunt the enemy sniper.^ Funny I just hunt with it, but now I can be labeled a terrorist because terrorist use sniper weapons.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ And then you are using a precision sniper rifle to hunt defenseless animals.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ After they ban the "military-style sniper rifle" YOU use for hunting, who will be left to defend your First Amendment rights?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Besides direct observation, defending forces can use other techniques.^ By categorizing the very weapon that our own armed forces use to defend our freedom as a “Terrorist rifle”.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ A sound moderator can be joined to a firearm by MANY means besides threads-some use lugs, others are integral, the possibilities are as endless as human creativity itself.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ All firearms owners NEED to stand together and defend what each other owns and uses or we will surely suffer the fate Pres.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

These include calculating the trajectory of a bullet by triangulation. Traditionally, triangulation of a sniper's position was done manually, though radar-based technology has recently become available. Once located, the defenders can try to approach the sniper from cover and overwhelm him. .The United States military is funding a project known as RedOwl, which uses laser and acoustic sensors to determine the exact direction from which a sniper round has been fired.^ Suppose this attitude were directed towards you and other hunters who use scopes and other optics "considered unsuitable or unconventional" because these are instruments used by military snipers?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Do you notice how many members of the United States' Military who are offended by these comments?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Using a Chinese semiautomatic rifle with large capacity magazines, Purdy fired approximately 110 rounds in four to six minutes.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[34]
.The more shots a sniper fires, the more chances the defenders have to locate him, so they often try to draw fire, sometimes by offering a helmet slightly out of concealment.^ This man is no friend of ours and if he belong to the NRA or any other gun rights communities they should kick him out!
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Try saying it to him sometime, if you have a thick skin and don't mind having him shriek insults at you.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Uncle Ted is not only defending Jim, he's asking people to change their opinion of him based on nothing more that his recommendation.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

A tactic successfully employed in the Winter War by the Finns is known as "Kylmä-Kalle" (Cold Charlie).[35] .They used a shop mannequin or other doll dressed as a tempting target, like an officer.^ We use them because they do what we want to do and they do it better than many other types of rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Given that they can be used for very fine target work or horrible acts of violence and mayhem at the will of the operator.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I would not be the least concerned about the type of weapon they used to hunt with, only their acumen, skill and regard for their safety and the safety of others around them.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

The doll was then presented as if it were a real man sloppily covering himself. Usually, Soviet snipers were unable to resist the temptation of an apparently easy kill. .Once the angle where the bullet came from was determined, a shot of a large calibre gun such as a Lahti L-39 "Norsupyssy" ("Elephant rifle") anti-tank rifle was shot at the sniper's direction to eliminate him.^ And they are often referred to as 'sniper rifles' by the anti-gun crowd.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ To the anti-gun crowd, these are "sniper rifles".
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ That "Sniper Rifle" is not immune from the gun grabbers.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Other tactics include directing artillery or mortar fire onto suspected sniper positions, the use of smoke screens, and placing tripwire-operated munitions, mines, or other booby-traps near suspected sniper positions.^ Suppose this attitude were directed towards you and other hunters who use scopes and other optics "considered unsuitable or unconventional" because these are instruments used by military snipers?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Only snipers and other antisocial people or terrorists need fire arms that hit inside a barn.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I too, like others here, would not typically take an "tactical" weapon, and I use that term only for illustration, hunting.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Even dummy trip-wires can be placed to inconvenience sniper movement. .Where anti-personnel mines are unavailable, it is possible to improvise booby-traps by connecting trip-wires to hand grenades, smoke grenades or flares.^ They are the worst close-range anti personnel weapon this side of a hand grenade.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Even though these may not kill the sniper, they will reveal his location.^ Even though they have never been involved in a single killing in the US they sure are scary!!!
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Are those just as evil even though they have wood on them?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ They will call them high powered sniper rifles capable of killing targets from miles away.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Booby-trap devices should be placed close to likely sniper hides or along the probable routes used into and out of the sniper's work area.^ If you had your way I couldn't use any of my guns except my 91/30 Mosin sniper in 54R(probably not that one either).
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ If an interesting airgun had found its way into any place around Philadelphia it very likely would have been referred to the airgun group at Lukens shop.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Key thing used in doing this was having a work area with absolutely no metadata.

Knowledge of sniper field craft will assist in this task.
.One very old counter-sniper tactic is to tie rags onto bushes or similar items in a danger area.^ To set aside any one sub-group within the sporting arena is a very dangerous process at best.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ You're a grumpy old man and your opinions are a danger to the very sports that your sponsors are responsible for.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Very similar to the types of weapons used my military snipers in Iraq and assassins around the world.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

The rags flutter in the breeze creating random movements in the corner of the sniper's eye, which they find distracting. .The main virtue of this tactic is that it is easy to use; however, it is unlikely to prevent a skilled sniper from selecting targets, and may in fact provide a sniper with additional information about the wind near the target.^ Whether the frequency of use in crime provides a rational basis for an "assault weapon" prohibition depends largely on the fact-finder's depth of inquiry.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Such an exemption could not be defended on the grounds that the guns can only used by persons with special training; "assault weapon" prohibitionists may complain that the guns are "very easy to use."
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The use of canine units was also very successful, especially during the Vietnam War.^ What was used during the Civil War?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.A trained dog can easily determine the direction of the sniper from the sound of the bullet and will lie down with his head aiming at the sniper to give his handler the direction of the firing.^ Pistols are dangerous because they are easily carried and concealed; shotguns because they spray metal projectiles over a wide area; certain hunting rifles because they fire large caliber bullets, and certain "sniper rifles" because they are accurate over great distances.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of the direct presentations by Cowan and Keller even included giving live fire demonstrations of their museum copy of the Beeman Girandoni!
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When the trigger is pulled, a firing pin strikes the primer, igniting the gunpowder, pushing the bullet out of the shell, and down the barrel.
  • Rational Basis Analysis of "Assault Weapon" Prohibition, David B. Kopel,Independence Institute 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC davekopel.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Irregular and asymmetric warfare

A Georgian sniper in the Georgian-Ossetian conflict (2004)
.The use of sniping (in the sense of shooting at relatively long range from a concealed position) to murder came to public attention in a number of sensational U.S. cases, including the Austin sniper incident of 1966, the John F. Kennedy assassination, and the Beltway sniper attacks of late 2002. However, these incidents usually do not involve the range or skill of military snipers; in all three cases the perpetrators had U.S. military training, but in other specialties.^ And while we are at it, what's with all this use of military cartridges and calibers?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ You will need all the support of the other shooters when the "deadly long range sniping rifles" that you use come under attack.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ However, SHOTGUNS were used in these crimes.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.News reports will often (inaccurately) use the term sniper to describe anyone shooting with a rifle at another person.^ Does he not know that many many thousands of AR-15 type rifles are used ethically every day for hunting and target shooting?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I have no use for any "Remchester" hunting rifle, but I would never condemn anyone for having one, nor would I advocate banning them for any reason.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Using your logic your optic-equipped centerfire rifle is another Charles Whitman waiting to happen.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[citation needed]
.Sniping has also been used in asymmetric warfare situations, for example in the Northern Ireland Troubles, where in 1972, the bloodiest year of the conflict, the majority of the soldiers killed were shot by concealed IRA riflemen.^ So it is generally believed that you should use the most accurate rifle possible while hunting in order to produce a humane one shot kill, correct?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I use to use a Varmint AR15 which is what it is made for Varmint hunting...One shot one kill not the spray and pray like I did in Nam on Humans.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[36] .There were also some instances in the early 1990s of British soldiers and RUC personnel being shot with .50 caliber Barrett rifles by sniper teams collectively known as the South Armagh sniper.^ Barrett makes a great .50 caliber rifle.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ They'll go after .50 caliber rifles, then handguns, and then after your precious hunting rifles (which they will call high powered sniper rifles).
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ IF Lewis did carry such a rifle, then our 22 shot specimen, which evidently departed early from Austrian military control and which bears several very compelling clues, has a very high probability of being Lewis's air rifle!
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37] .In Northern Ireland, in addition to the uses listed above, a sniper was quite often a form of bait called a "come-on", whereby the sniper's position would be made obvious to a British patrol so as to draw them into an ambush in their attempt to close with the sniper.^ If I put a synthetic stock on your "sniper weapons" would they automatically be that much more deadly, or would "terrorists be compelled to use them?.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Being involved in an anti-poverty group would be a form of positive guilt by association in my book.
  • AZ Assault Rifle-Wielding Man And Gun-Toter In NH Belong To Same Right-Wing Group | TPMMuckraker 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Had you bothered to conduct any research into this weapon, you would have been quite astounded to see that these rifles are in use not only as sporting weapons, but are also quite prevalent in many law enforcement armories as well.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[citation needed]
The sniper is particularly suited to combat environments where one side is at a disadvantage..March 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] A careful sniping strategy can use a few individuals and resources to thwart the movement or other progress of a much better equipped or larger force.^ We use them because they do what we want to do and they do it better than many other types of rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I have other rifles better suited, but both the AR and AK are capable when used within their limitations.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ I haven't declared jihad on any individual or segment of society and used any of the other number of semi-automatics weapons I have acquired over the years.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Because of this perceived difference in force size, the sniping attacks may be viewed as the act of a few persons to terrorize (earning the moniker 'terrorists') a much larger, regular force — regardless of the size of the force the snipers are attached to.^ Considering you views and Remington's tolerance, I may sell off a few M700s to fund another AR. .
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The difference is particularly pronounced for videos that show a steep increase in views – the first few days tend to have massive differences.

^ If I put a synthetic stock on your "sniper weapons" would they automatically be that much more deadly, or would "terrorists be compelled to use them?.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.These perceptions stem from the precept that sniping, while effective in specific instances, is much more effective as a broadly deployed psychological attack (see elsewhere in article).^ The General Artillery Director, the Duke of Colloredo himself, reported on July 21, 1789 : Due to their construction, these guns were much more difficult to use effectively than normal, as one had to handle them much more cautiously and carefully.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These new models, almost surely not totaling more than a dozen pieces, still used much of the same tooling and many .
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The more people that see this putrid article associated with the Remington brand, the more damage that is done.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.In the war between Bosnian Muslim, Croatian forces, and Bosnian Serbs in the early 1990s, Serbian snipers in Sarajevo used sniping as a terror tool by shooting at any person, whether military or civilian, adult or child.^ Our Grandpas likely learned to shoot using their M1903 service rifles on a military range.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Every type of weapon has been used in war INCLUDING your "hunting" SNIPER RIFLE. .
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ After all, military snipers have used the Winchester Model 70 and Remington 700 for years.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

These snipers would be classified as war criminals for deliberately targeting non-combatants.
Snipers are less likely to be treated mercifully if captured by the enemy.[38] .The rationale for this is that ordinary soldiers shoot at each other at 'equal opportunity' whilst snipers take their time in tracking and killing individual targets in a methodical fashion with a relatively low risk of retaliation.^ Take a look at other shooting sports.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ AR's are very popular for prarie dog shooting, coyote hunting, and pretty much any other predator hunting that takes place in cold weather.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Those assualt rifles are good for killing people and should be used for that and not for hunting or any other sport shooting.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

War in Iraq

In 2003, the U.S.-led multinational coalition composed of primarily U.S. and U.K. troops occupied Iraq and attempted to establish a new government in the country. However, shortly after the initial invasion, violence against coalition forces and among various sectarian groups led to asymmetric warfare with the Iraqi insurgency and civil war between many Sunni and Shia Iraqis.
Through November 2005, when the Pentagon had last reported a sniper fatality, the Army had attributed 28 of 2,100 U.S. deaths to enemy snipers.[39] More recently, since 2006, insurgent snipers such as "Juba" have caused problems for American troops. Claims have been made that Juba have shot up to 37 American soldiers in Iraq as of October 2006.[40]
.In 2006, training materials obtained by U.S. intelligence showed that snipers fighting in Iraq were urged to single out and attack engineers, medics, and chaplains on the theory that those casualties would demoralize entire enemy units.^ I would sooner see slobs get banned for their activities rather than hunters be singled out for the types of rifles they have.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The Indian method of attack was to rush their enemy after the defenders fired their single-shot guns.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I would like to add my voice to those that have pointed out that Mr Zumbo is a friend to the Anti- Constitutionalists.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

[41] Among the training materials, there included an insurgent sniper training manual that was posted on the Internet. Among its tips for shooting U.S. troops, there read: "Killing doctors and chaplains is suggested as a means of psychological warfare."[39]

Notable individuals

Sergeant H.A. Marshall of The Calgary Highlanders. .Canadian snipers in the Second World War were also trained scouts.^ I don't own a AR-15 or AK, but I do own a lot of historic battle rifles from the first and second world war era.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ If you'll recall, bolt actions were used in the first and second world wars to kill people.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

Specialized equipment includes Lee Enfield No. 4 Mk I(T) rifle and scope combination and a camouflaged Denison smock. PAC Photo, by Ken Bell (September 1944).
.Even before firearms were available, soldiers such as archers were specially trained as elite marksmen.^ Will my kids even have the option of receiving those firearms or using them due to Laws placed by people with ideas such as what this article state?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ It is most unlikely that any of such few specimens would have become available for resale during the early years of their existence before 1803.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With such a firearm, one must pull the hammer back enough to release it before the hammer can be lowered to the resting position.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Before the 20th century

  • Ninja or Shinobi (16th century Japan) – supposedly trained to cover retreating armies, targeting officers from concealed positions with poisoned blow guns..April 2008" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] One of Japan's most notable warlords, Takeda Shingen, was possibly fatally wounded by a sniper.^ While this is decidedly true, I maintain we must add that Zumbo can't possibly believe that the most valuable skill one can have is to be able to lie convincingly.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    [42]
  • .
  • Lord Brooke, who represented the Parliamentarians in the English Civil War, was the first recorded British sniper victim.^ After they ban the "military-style sniper rifle" YOU use for hunting, who will be left to defend your First Amendment rights?
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    .December 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed]
  • Timothy Murphy (American Revolutionary War) – killed British General Simon Fraser during the pivotal Battle of Saratoga, hampering the British advance and causing them to lose the battle.^ During the revolutionary war and in all conflicts since, the populous has defended themselves with the arms of the times.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    [7]
  • .
  • Patrick Ferguson (American Revolutionary War) - developer of the world's first breech-loaded military rifle (which advanced sniping and sharpshooting tactics), fought with his Corps of Riflemen (recruited from the 6th and 14th Foot) at the Battle of Brandywine, where he may have passed up a chance to shoot George Washington.^ This may be one of the first balls fired from a military Girandoni for the last century or two!
    • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Message("Hello world"); This opens up a range of interesting possibilities for web developers, but this blog post is about software design, not cool HTML5 features.

    ^ (Coleman's father, Nathan Sellers, had been commissioned by George Washington to make the first paper making molds in America.
    • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [43]
  • .
  • Napoleonic Wars – Use of Marine sharpshooters in the mast tops was common usage in navies of the period, and Admiral Nelson's death at Trafalgar is attributed to the actions of French Sharpshooters.^ The Mauser designed action found on many modern bolt action rifles was use by both sides in World War 1 and 2.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Function: noun Usage: often attributive Etymology: Middle English armes (plural) weapons, from Anglo-French, from Latin arma 1 a : a means (as a weapon) of offense or defense .
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ If you'll recall, bolt actions were used in the first and second world wars to kill people.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    The British Army developed the concept of directed fire (as opposed to massive unaimed volleys) and formed Rifle regiments, notably the 95th and the 60th who wore green jackets instead of the usual redcoats..September 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Fighting as Skirmishers, usually in pairs and trusted to choose their own targets, they wrought havoc amongst the French during the peninsular war against Napoleon's Forces.
  • British Rifleman Thomas Plunkett (Peninsular war) – shot French General Colbert and one of his aides at a range of between 200 metres (219 yd) and 600 metres (656 yd) using a Baker rifle.^ These airguns were used against Napoleon.
    • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I have also used one of these rifles for hunting.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ I do not own one of them because they do not appeal to me.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    [44]
  • .
  • Colonel Hiram Berdan (American Civil War) – commanded 1st and 2nd US Sharpshooters, who were trained and equipped Union marksmen with the .52 caliber Sharps Rifle.^ If someone wants to hunt with an AR, an AK, a 1903 Springfield, a Sharps rifle, or a new 17 caliber Remington provided to them by the maufacturer more power to them.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ A lot of us veterans, Vietnam and those brave men that were over in the Sand Box who regularly shoot precision rifle and carbine matches.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ You, sir, owe those of us veterans who carried M16 service rifles an apology, and you need to re-think your strategy of appeasement.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    .It has been claimed that Berdan's units killed more enemies than any other in the Union Army.^ You have just done more to hurt the 2A cause than any army of hoplophobes could have hoped to do.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ You're attitudes are MORE dangerous than an anti-gunner's, at least we know they are the enemy...
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Constructive criticism will benefit us more than attacking each other.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    [7]
  • Sgt. .Ben Powell (American Civil War) – sniped Major General John Sedgwick at the then incredible distance of 730 metres (798 yd)[citation needed] during the Battle of Spotsylvania Court House, with a British Whitworth target rifle causing administrative delays in the Union's attack, leading to Confederate victory.^ Officials at the National Rifle Association and the U.S. Army War College have indicated that they feel that Lewis' airgun was the most important individual gun in American history.
    • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Sedgwick ignored advice to take cover, his last words according to urban legend being, "They couldn't hit an elephant at this dist-" upon which he was shot. In reality, he was shot a few minutes later.[7]
  • Major Frederick Russell Burnham - assassinated Mlimo, the Ndebele religious leader, in his cave in Matobo Hills, Rhodesia, effectively ending the Second Matabele War (1896).[45] .Burnham started as a cowboy and Indian tracker in the American Old West, but he left the United States to scout in Africa and went on to command the British Army Scouts in the Second Boer War.^ As a former member of the United States Army I am deeply offended by your article.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ FOURTH: It seems apparent, from deduction and previously under-appreciated journal passages, that the Lewis and Clark airgun may well be the most important individual gun in the development and history of the United States - the "Key to the American West!".
    • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Their plan is to present the Beeman Girandoni as a pivotal item in the Army's role in the Western Expansion of the United States.
    • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .For his ability to track, even at night, the Africans dubbed him, He-who-sees-in-the-dark,[46] but in the press he became more widely known as England's American Scout.^ I agree with thsoe who said he has the right to express his opinion - i'm just incredibly sorry he did it here, and even more sorry it allows us to see a bit of how he thinks.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ I believe that in the following hours and days we will see more of his sponsors join Remington in publicly and privately turning their backs on him .
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ I'm very disappointed to see that Remington would sponsor someone who is working so hard to deny our rights as Americans.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    [47]

20th century

.
  • Finnish Lance Corporal Simo Häyhä, aka "Valkoinen Kuolema" (the White Death) was a sniper during the Winter War and is regarded by many as the most effective sniper in the history of warfare, being credited with killing up to 542 Soviet soldiers (an average of 5 a day) using a SAKO m/28-30 (Pystykorva) and iron sights.
  • Lieutenant Lyudmila Pavlichenko (World War II) – female Soviet sniper with 309 confirmed kills, making her the most successful female sniper in history.^ What was used during the Civil War?
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Does he not know that many many thousands of AR-15 type rifles are used ethically every day for hunting and target shooting?
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ If you had your way I couldn't use any of my guns except my 91/30 Mosin sniper in 54R(probably not that one either).
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    [48]
  • .
  • Billy Sing (Australian Army Solider, Gallipoli Campaign, World War I) - killed between 150 and 201 Turkish soldiers.
  • Francis Pegahmagabow (World War I) - Native Canadian sniper credited with 378 kills.
  • Junior Lieutenant Vasily Zaytsev (World War II) – credited with killing 225 German soldiers during the Battle of Stalingrad,[49] he is portrayed in the film Enemy at the Gates and in the book War of the Rats; both however are fictionalized accounts.
  • Mihail Surkov has been said to have killed 702 enemy troops.^ The Mauser designed action found on many modern bolt action rifles was use by both sides in World War 1 and 2.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ However, the Tyrol Sharp Shooter Corps indicated that these weapons were really accurate and effective in the Turkish War and in 1790 against Prussia.
    • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ I don't own a AR-15 or AK, but I do own a lot of historic battle rifles from the first and second world war era.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    However this hasn't been confirmed, and a post-war analysis regarded the score exaggerated for the Soviet propaganda.[50]
  • .
  • Semen Nomokonov killed sniper-only 367 persons, including a general.^ Only a sniper, intent on killing innocent people from long distances.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    [50]
  • .
  • Gefreiter (Private) Matthias Hetzenauer (World War II) - Austrian sniper who was credited with 345 kills on the Eastern Front, the most successful in the Wehrmacht.
  • Obergefreiter (Private First Class) Josef 'Sepp' Allerberger (World War II) - Austrian sniper credited with 257 kills on the Eastern Front.
  • Zhang Taofang (Chinese: 张桃芳;[51] Traditional Chinese: 張桃芳; Wade-Giles: Zhang Tao-fang) was a Chinese soldier during the Korean War, and is one of the most effective snipers in history.^ So it is generally believed that you should use the most accurate rifle possible while hunting in order to produce a humane one shot kill, correct?
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ After all, one of America's most beloved Presidents, a war hero and the image of the New Frontier, was cut down with a scoped bolt action rifle.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ This expedition ranks as one of the very most significant events and turning points in American, even world, history.
    • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .He is credited with 214 confirmed kills in 32 days without using a sniper magnifying scope.
  • Alfred Hulme was a New Zealand recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.^ Scopes are for snipers and could be used by terrorist.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Anyone else see the big bad hunter using a "high-powered-rifle with a sniper-scope" attached to it in the header picture of this article?
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Where's the sport in using a high-powered-rifle and a sniper-scope to kill an animal from a distance of more than 50 yards?
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    He is credited with stalking and killing 33 German snipers in the Battle of Crete.
  • Gunnery Sergeant Carlos Hathcock (Vietnam war) – achieved 93 confirmed kills but believed to also have over 200 unconfirmed kills. .He held the record of longest confirmed kill at a distance of 2,250 m (2,460 yd) (made with a scoped M2 Browning machine gun) for 35 years until 2002.[20][21][22]
  • Chuck Mawhinney (Vietnam war) – 103 confirmed and 216 probable kills.
  • Adelbert F .^ Butt reservoir guns typically can fire 35 to 50 shots per single air charge while ball reservoir guns generally can manage only 10 to 20 shots.
    • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ It has been recorded that the system was invented in 1780, but deliveries of these guns to the Austrian army did not begin until between 1787 and 1791.
    • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Waldron (Vietnam war) – achieved 109 confirmed kills.
  • Master Sgt. Gary Gordon and Sgt. First Class Randy Shughart - Operation Gothic Serpent - Delta Force snipers awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions protecting the injured crew of a downed helicopter during the Battle of Mogadishu. Dramatized in the film Black Hawk Down.

21st century

.
  • Canadian soldier Corporal Rob Furlong, formerly of the PPCLI (Operation Anaconda, Afghanistan) - holds the record for the longest-ever recorded and confirmed sniper kill at 2,430 m (2,657 yd) using a .50 caliber (12.7 mm) McMillan TAC-50 rifle.^ They'll go after .50 caliber rifles, then handguns, and then after your precious hunting rifles (which they will call high powered sniper rifles).
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ We all know you have a propensity for high-powered bolt action sniper rifles capable of killing from hundreds of yards away.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Where's the sport in using a high-powered-rifle and a sniper-scope to kill an animal from a distance of more than 50 yards?
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    [18][52]
  • .
  • U.S. Army Staff Sergeant Timothy L. Kellner - regarded as one of the top snipers still active in the U.S. Army with 139 confirmed kills and over 100 unconfirmed during Operation Iraqi Freedom.^ Brian Lee Rolfe former military and Operation Iraqi Freedom civilian contractor.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ The picture at the top of your blog shows you holding one of those deadly sniper rifles topped off with a high powered optical sighting device.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ How about the Sniper motto, 1000 yards out, as you prefer, "One shot, One kill'?
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    [53]
  • Canadian Master Corporal Arron Perry, formerly of the PPCLI (Operation Anaconda, Afghanistan) - briefly held the record for the longest-ever recorded and confirmed sniper kill at 2,310 m (2,526 yd) after eclipsing US Marine Gunnery Sergeant Carlos Hathcock's previous record of 2,286 m (2,500 yd) until it was later eclipsed by fellow Canadian Corporal Rob Furlong. Hathcock's record had stood for thirty five years. Perry used a .50 caliber (12.7 mm) McMillan TAC-50 rifle.[18][52]
  • Sri Lankan Army Sniper, Corporal I.R. Premasiri alias ‘Nero’, of the 5th Battalion in the Gajaba Regiment was responsible for the deaths of 180 L.T.T.E. cadres.[54]
  • .
  • United States Army Spc.^ As a former member of the United States Army I am deeply offended by your article.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Sergeant First Class United States Army Baghdad, Iraq .
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Their plan is to present the Beeman Girandoni as a pivotal item in the Army's role in the Western Expansion of the United States.
    • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Nick Ranstad while deployed to Nuristan Province, Afghanistan with the 173rd Airborne, 1-91st Airborne Cavalry "Hatchet" Recon Platoon took out a Taliban target that he and his spotter had been stalking from 2,100 m (2,297 yd).^ I own several military appearance rifles that are "tack drivers" and I regularly shoot at targets and gongs out to 600 yds.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    Ranstad's shot is now confirmed as a US Army record for a sniper kill in Afghanistan.[55] .Ranstad then provided suppressive fire until air support could move in to eliminate a second target.
  • Iraqi insurgent Juba, a sniper who features in several propaganda videos.^ I contacted as many of them as I could and informed them that until your fired I will not buy their products.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Keep moving into the stretch until you can feel it, then hold it for at least ten seconds.

    ^ O ne of the historians, who provided several details, observed that when writing one can be vague or even ambiguous but a painter cannot.
    • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Juba has allegedly shot 37 American soldiers, although whether Juba is a real individual is unknown. He may be a constructed composite of a number of insurgent snipers.
  • Corporal Christopher Reynolds of the 3d. battalion the .Royal Regiment of Scotland, the Black Watch, shot and killed a Taliban commander at a range of 1,853 m (2,026 yd) using a .338 Lapua Magnum (8.6 mm) L115A3 rifle.^ So it is generally believed that you should use the most accurate rifle possible while hunting in order to produce a humane one shot kill, correct?
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Fer gosh sake, JZ, If people had that mentality 90 years ago, we would still be using black powder single shots.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ I use to use a Varmint AR15 which is what it is made for Varmint hunting...One shot one kill not the spray and pray like I did in Nam on Humans.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    [56]

See also

References

  1. ^ Valdes, Robert. "How Military Snipers Work - What Does a Sniper Really Do?". Howstuffworks. http://science.howstuffworks.com/sniper1.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  2. ^ a b "Online Etymology Dictionary - Snipe". http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?l=s&p=29. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  3. ^ a b "Definitions of Civil War Terms". January 4, 2007. http://www.civilwarhome.com/terms.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  4. ^ "Definition of 'skirmisher'". Free Online Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia. 2003. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/skirmisher. Retrieved 2008-03-24. 
  5. ^ Plaster, Maj. John (2008). The History of Sniping and Sharpshooting. Paladin Press. ISBN 978-1-58160-632-4. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Plaster, Maj. John (1993, rev. 2006). .The Ultimate Sniper: An Advanced Training Manual for Military & Police Snipers.^ BTW, the guns that Mr. Zumbo advocates for hunting purposes are basically the same guns that are used by Military and Police Snipers.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    Paladin Press. ISBN 0-87364-704-1.
     
  7. ^ a b c d e f Senich, Peter R. (1988). Complete Book of U.S. Sniping. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press. p. 288. ISBN 978-1581606102. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Senich, Peter R. (1982). The German Sniper 1914-1945. Boulder, CO: Paladin Press. p. 468. ISBN 978-0873642231. 
  9. ^ a b Shore, C.; Peter Senich (1988). With British Snipers to the Reich. London: Lancer. pp. 316. ISBN 978-0873644754. 
  10. ^ 02-Jan-2008 version: Section "Snipers during the First and Second World Wars": info taken from: Zeitgeschichte - Spezialeinheiten im Zweiten Weltkrieg: Scharfschützen German Documentary (EAN: 4020974153959)
  11. ^ a b John Plaster (2006). The Ultimate Sniper: An Advanced Training Manual For Military And Police Snipers. Paladin Press. pp. 5. ISBN 0-87364-704-1. 
  12. ^ Martin Pegler (2004). Out of Nowhere: A History of the Military Sniper. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 0-87364-704-1. 
  13. ^ Parker, Eric. Hesketh Prichard. p. 212. 
  14. ^ Gilbert, Adrian (1996). Sniper: The Skills, the Weapons, and the Experiences. St. Martin's Press. p. 45. ISBN 9780312957667. 
  15. ^ Brookesmith, Peter (2007). Sniper: Training, Techniques and Weapons. Macmillan. p. 77. ISBN 9780312362904. http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=p1cTK-7vjzgC&pg=PA77. 
  16. ^ Hesketh-Prichard, H.V.. Sniping in France, p10.
  17. ^ Hesketh-Prichard, H.V.. Sniping in France, p19.
  18. ^ a b c "World longest distance kill - 2,430 meters (1.5 miles)". Stupid Beaver. April 2007. http://stupidbeaver.com/world-longest-distance-kill-2430-meters15-miles/. Retrieved 2008-03-24. "Canadian snipers in Afghanistan after September 11th made the longest recorded kills in history with this weapon. On a March afternoon in 2002, Cpl. Furlong of the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI) squinted through the scope of his McMillan TAC-50 and successfully killed an enemy combatant from 2,430 m." 
  19. ^ Hornady.com
  20. ^ a b Lance Cpl. George J. Papastrat (March 29, 2007). "Range complex named after famous Vietnam sniper". Marine Corps News. http://www.marines.mil/marinelink/mcn2000.nsf/lookupstoryref/2007329115513. Retrieved 2008-03-24. "...famous Hathcock shot that killed an enemy from more than 2,500 yards (2,300 m) away..." 
  21. ^ a b "Sniper Rifles". GlobalSecurity. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/sniper.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-24. "When a 24-year old Marine sharpshooter named Carlos Norman Hathcock II chalked up the farthest recorded kill in the history of sniping - 2,500 yards (1.42 miles, a distance greater than 22 football fields) in February 1967 he fired a Browning M2 .50 Cal. Machine Gun." 
  22. ^ a b Sgt. Grit (2006). "Marine Corps Sniper Carlos N. Hathcock II". http://www.grunt.com/scuttlebutt/corps-stories/heroes/carloshathcock.asp. Retrieved 2008-03-24. "Viet Cong shot dead by a round fired from a scope-mounted Browning M-2 .50 caliber machine gun at the unbelievable range of 2,500 yards (2,300 m)." 
  23. ^ Parker, Nick (2003-04-05). "Matt's Shot in a Million". The Sun. http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/article158181.ece. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
  24. ^ Nilas Johnsen (October 7, 2008). "Dreper fra 1380 meter (English translation: Kills from 1380 meters)" (in Norwegian). Verdens Gang. http://www.vg.no/nyheter/innenriks/artikkel.php?artid=537887. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  25. ^ a b "The Sniper, SWAT Teams Grow In Number". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2001/01/25/60II/main267184.shtml. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  26. ^ "Gastonia Police Department - Sniper School". http://www.cityofgastonia.com/city_serv/police/teams/SniperPage.cfm. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  27. ^ "Police sniper watches from roof, Sydney". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. September 6, 2007. http://www.abc.net.au/news/photos/2007/09/06/2025679.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  28. ^ News footage of sniper shooting gun out of a persons hand
  29. ^ ATK.com
  30. ^ "J'ai fait mouche sur son arme à 80 mètres pour le sauver"
  31. ^ FirstworldWar.com
  32. ^ TheRegister.co.cuk
  33. ^ GlobalSecurity.org
  34. ^ Robotic-vacuum maker, BU team up on anti-sniper device - The Boston Globe
  35. ^ Petri Sarjanen (1998). Valkoinen kuolema: Talvisodan legendaarisen tarkka-ampujan Simo Häyhän tarina. ISBN 952-5170-05-5
  36. ^ "In 1971, the Provisional IRA shot dead forty-two British soldiers. In 1972, this figure rose to sixty-four, most of them killed by snipers." Taylor, Peter (1999).Behind the Mask:The IRA and Sinn Féin. TV Books, p. 132. ISBN 157500061X
  37. ^ Jackson, Mike (2006). Operation Banner: An Analysis of Military Operations in Northern Ireland. MoD, Army Code 71842
  38. ^ Snipers - Cowardly assassins, or surgical soldiers?, retrieved on 2009-11-10.
  39. ^ a b Diamond, John (July 27, 2006). "Insurgent snipers sent after troops". USA Today. http://www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2006-07-27-insurgent-sniper_x.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  40. ^ Holmes, Paul (October 29, 2006). "U.S. military probes sniper threat in Baghdad". Reuters news service. http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/PAR929648.htm. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  41. ^ Ponder, Jon (October 25, 2006). "Iraqi Insurgent Snipers Target U.S. Medics, Engineers and Chaplains". Pensito Review. http://www.pensitoreview.com/2006/10/25/iraqi-insurgent-snipers-target-us-medics-engineers-and-chaplains/. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  42. ^ "Takeda Shingen (1521 - 1573) - The Takeda expand". The Samurai Archives. August 16, 2004. http://www.samurai-archives.com/shingen.html. Retrieved 2008-04-03. "Shingen was either wounded by a sniper or fell sick (possibly with TB); a point modern scholars are divided on." 
  43. ^ John Plaster, The History of Sniping and Sharpshooting, pp. 39-45, 53-55.
  44. ^ Stuart Hadaway Rifleman Thomas Plunkett: 'A Pattern for the Battalion.'
  45. ^ "Killed the Matabele God: Burnham, the American scout, may end uprising". New York Times. June 25, 1896. ISSN 0093-1179. 
  46. ^ West, James E.; Peter O. Lamb; illustrated by Lord Baden-Powell (1932). He-who-sees-in-the-dark; the boys' story of Frederick Burnham, the American scout. Brewer, Warren and Putnam. 
  47. ^ "England's American Scout". New York Times (London Chronicle). May 5, 1901. ISSN 0362-4331. 
  48. ^ Full list of best snipers of Eastern front during WWII
  49. ^ (Russian)Biography at the website on Heroes of the Soviet Union and Russia
  50. ^ a b "top WWII snipers". http://wio.ru/galgrnd/sniper/sniper.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-13. 
  51. ^ Zh.wikipedia.org
  52. ^ a b Friscolanti, Michael. "We were abandoned", Maclean's, Rogers Publishing, 2006-05-15, pp. 18-25.
  53. ^ www.armysniper.org
  54. ^ Army told no heavy weapons, not Prabha By Tissa Ravindra Perera. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
  55. ^ Tamke, Jon A. (29 July, 2008) "Servicemen" Battle Lake Review(Battle Lake, MN).
  56. ^ British sniper describes moment he shot Taliban commander... from two kilometres away. Retrieved 2010-02-09.

Sources

  • Plaster, Maj. John (2008). The History of Sniping and Sharpshooting. Paladin Press. ISBN 978-1-58160-632-4. 
  • Plaster, Maj. John (1993, rev. 2006). .The Ultimate Sniper: An Advanced Training Manual for Military & Police Snipers.^ BTW, the guns that Mr. Zumbo advocates for hunting purposes are basically the same guns that are used by Military and Police Snipers.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    Paladin Press. ISBN 0-87364-704-1.
     
  • Bartlett, Derrick (April 12, 2005). ."Sniper Tactics: Going for the Gun".^ Cheap tactics to boost Remington sales by harming other gun types is not going to fly with me.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ Long guns with pistol grips are not sporting weapons so they must go cause they are really SNIPER weapons.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    .http://www.policeone.com/suicide-by-cop/articles/98620/.^ Permalink http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sUxjahek0f8 Watch the video - Working for the thug in chief.
    • AZ Assault Rifle-Wielding Man And Gun-Toter In NH Belong To Same Right-Wing Group | TPMMuckraker 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Leave a comment Dude looks like guy from Humpty Dance with those glasses: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cj9_yW8tZxs .
    • AZ Assault Rifle-Wielding Man And Gun-Toter In NH Belong To Same Right-Wing Group | TPMMuckraker 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Permalink http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sUxjahek0f8 .
    • AZ Assault Rifle-Wielding Man And Gun-Toter In NH Belong To Same Right-Wing Group | TPMMuckraker 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com [Source type: Original source]

    Retrieved January 26, 2006
    .
     
  • Law, Clive M. (2005). .Without Warning: Canadian Sniper Equipment of the 20th Century.^ Looks like his traditional hunting rig is pretty much a direct descendent of my 20th Century .30/06 O3/A3 sniper rifle.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    Service Publications. ISBN 1-894581-16-4.
     
  • Shore, C. (1988). With British Snipers to the Reich. Lancaster Militaria. ISBN 0-935856-02-1. 
  • Brooksmith, Peter (2000). Sniper: Training, Techniques and Weapons. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-26098-9. 
  • Pegler, Martin (2004). Out of Nowhere: A History of the Military Sniper. Osprey. ISBN 1-84176-854-5. 

External links


Simple English

A sniper is a person who is trained to shoot perfectly at things which are very small or very far away. The sniper's target is most often a human or non-human enemy. A military sniper has often been given special training to use a sniper rifle, a special type of gun. Most of the time, a sniper rifle has a telescope called a sniper scope to help the sniper see the target. Snipers are also trained to be stealthy. Snipers hide or use camouflage so that it is hard for the enemy to see them. A sniper is also called a "marksman".

Experienced hunters often share many of the skills that snipers need to know. The two jobs are very similar. The word "sniper" came from Britain when highly accurate shooters would hunt "snipe"—birds that were very hard to see and shoot.[1]

Many police departments have snipers on their SWAT teams.[2] Because police snipers do not always perform the same tasks as military snipers, police snipers are sometimes known as "marksmen".

Contents

Sniping

Snipers shoot targets that are far away. Because the bullet shot by a sniper has to travel a very long distance, the sniper has to be very careful when taking aim. There are three main things that have an effect on the accuracy of the shot. The sniper must plan for these things.

  • The target may be moving, such as walking or running. A sniper must think about where the target will be when the bullet reaches it. A still target might move suddenly.
  • The force of gravity affects the bullet, so that it will drop towards the ground. If the target is close, the effect of gravity does not have a big effect on the accuracy. If the target is far distant, then the sniper must judge how high to shoot, to make up for the distance that the bullet will fall as it flies.[3]
  • Wind affects the way in which a bullet will travel and can blow it away from the target. The sniper must think about the direction that the wind is blowing and the strength of the wind. The sniper might need to shoot to the left or the right of the target, to make up for the wind.[4]

The bullets used by snipers are usually heavy. They are powered by a large amount of gunpowder.[5] This makes the bullet travel very fast. The heaviness makes the bullet less affected by wind.[3][5] The speed makes the bullet less affected by gravity. A fast bullet reaches a target quicker, before it has time for gravity to affect it. Large fast bullets do more damage to the target than lighter or slower bullets.[6]

Accuracy

Most soldiers are trained so that they can shoot a target that is between 200 metres (656 ft) to 300 metres (984 ft) away and hit it with approximately half their shots.[7] Very well trained soldiers, such as the U.S. Marine Corps, can hit a target that is between 400 metres (1,312 ft) to 500 metres (1,640 ft) away, with approximately half of their shots.[8] A sniper is trained to be able to hit a target over 800 metres (2,625 ft), or half a mile away with almost every single shot.[9][10] Some snipers are so accurate that they can shoot something out of a person's hand.[11]

Sniper rifles

A sniper uses a special kind of rifle called a sniper rifle. This rifle is much more accurate than normal rifles.[12] Almost all sniper rifles use a Sniper scope, a special telescope that allows them to see targets very far away. There are two different kinds of sniper rifles: bolt action rifles, which fire a single shot and then the user must ready the next shot,[13] and semi-automatic ("semi-auto") rifles which fire a single shot each time the trigger is pulled, and automatically ready the next shot for firing.[13] Typically, bolt-action rifles have a longer range and are more accurate than semi-automatic rifles,[12] however because each round must be loaded by operating the bolt, the rate of fire is slower than a semi-automatic rifle, which fires as fast as the shooter can squeeze the trigger. At close ranges, or in situations where a shooter must make a quick follow-up shot, a sniper may prefer to use the semi-automatic rifle instead. A magazine is used on semi automatic rifles and most bolt action rifles. This speeds up the rate of fire by making it easy to reload.[13]

Camouflage

Snipers usually wear camouflage clothing, to avoid being seen.[14] Camouflage works by hiding the outline and shape of the human body, so that it is not easily seen.[15] Snipers often paint their faces green or black to make them shine less, and blend in with the surroundings. [16] Sometimes snipers wear special camouflage suits, called ghillie suits. Ghillie suits are made of shredded burlap or yute and often have plants attached to them.[17] Snipers will often make several different ghillie suits to help them hide in different kinds of terrain.[18] These suits are very effective at hiding the sniper.[17] Often a sniper can be invisible to an enemy standing right next to him.[19]

Police snipers generally do not need camouflage, because their main job is to make accurate shots, not to hide from the criminal.[2][20] Sometimes police need to hide, so police snipers are trained in hiding techniques.[21]

Snipers in War

sniper in training|200px]] 

Military snipers are chosen for their intelligence, their good sight and their ability to shoot very well. They are trained to use their sight very well. They are trained to see the enemy from far away, and to notice small movements that might show that enemies are near. They are also trained to hide themselves. Snipers use these skills to destroy enemy troops. Snipers generally work in a small unit (or team) of just two people, a sniper and a spotter.[22] The spotter finds targets for the sniper with a telescope. If the sniper misses the target, then the spotter also helps the sniper adjust the next shot so it hits the target.[22] The spotter also protects the sniper from enemies at close range.[22]

Snipers are often used as scouts for the army because they can easily hide themselves from the enemy, even when they are close.[7] They use the sniper scope on their rifles to see farther than most soldiers are able to see.[7] Snipers are often able to notice details and remember information that ordinary soldiers would not.[23] When a sniper is in a team with a spotter, it is usually the spotter's job to use a radio to speak with other military units. The team can report on the enemy position and enemy movements.[24]

Snipers in World War I and II

to remain hidden|left|200px]]

In World War I (WWI), there were no special sniper rifles. Instead, snipers used normal rifles with a sniper scope mounted on them.[25] [[File:|thumb|Russian sniper|200px]] In World War II, snipers were common. They were an important part of the fighting. Every squad of the Soviet army included sniper or a 'marksman'. Camouflage tactics were developed during this time. Snipers were very useful during the Battle of Stalingrad. One Russian sniper was said to have killed over 240 German troops. Also, it wasn't a limit, for example, Mihail Surkov killed 702 enemy troops and Semen Nomokonov killed sniper-only 367 persons, including a general.[26]

Police snipers

Police departments train and use snipers. These snipers mainly serve on the SWAT team for their department.[21] Often they are called upon to provide security at special events, or to make sure that other snipers do not murder someone.[20] This job is called counter-sniping.[20] Most police snipers are trained by the military.[21]

Famous snipers

Some snipers are famous for having killed hundreds of enemy soldiers. One such sniper is U.S. Marine Corps sniper Carlos Hathcock, who was famous in the Vietnam War for wearing a white feather in his hat.[27] Other snipers are famous for being able to kill an enemy from very far away. Carlos Hathcock held the record for the furthest distance kill for a very long time — his farthest was over 2,500 yards (2,286 m).[28][27][29] However, in the Afghanistan War, snipers from the Canadian Army broke the record with a shot of 2,430 metres (2,660 yd).[30] Other snipers are known for difficult shots. For example, Matt Hughes had to make a 860 metres (2,822 ft) shot in very high winds by aiming over 56 feet (17 m) to the left of the enemy.[4] An example of a famous sniper in WWII is Vasily Zaytsev. He supposedly killed 225 enemy soldiers during the Battle of Stalingrad.[31]

Snipers in popular culture

Snipers are often used in video games as elite soldiers. Getting a headshot with a sniper rifle is thought of as a hard skill to learn. In some movies, assassins use sniper rifles; examples include Phone Booth and Vantage Point.[32][33]. Sometimes snipers have a bad reputation in the media; for example, in October 2002 two men went on a month long killing spree using a Sniper rifle in the Virginia and Maryland area.[34]

Related pages

References

  1. "Online Etymology Dictionary - Snipe". Etymonline.com. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?l=s&p=29. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "The Sniper, SWAT Teams Grow In Number". CBS News. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2001/01/25/60II/main267184.shtml. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Hyperphysics, by Georgia State University on bullet drop. Accessed Oct. 10, 2008
  4. 4.0 4.1 Parker, Nick (2003-04-05). "Matt's Shot in a Million". The Sun. http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/news/article158181.ece. Retrieved 2008-06-13. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 The Heavy Bullet Advantage. The Outdoor Writer, Accessed Oct. 10, 2008
  6. University of Utah Medical Library, Accessed Oct. 10, 2008
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Global Security: Sniper Rifles". Global Security. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/sniper.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  8. "USMC M16 range qualifications". United States Marine Corps. http://www.usmcweapons.com/articles/m16/m16%20Qual/currentcourse/currentm16qual.html. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  9. "QBU88". Sinodefence.com. http://www.sinodefence.com/army/small_arms/qbu88.asp. Retrieved 2008-10-02. "The 5.8 X 42mm “heavy round” cartridge has an effective range of 800m and can penetrate 3mm steel plate at a distance of 1,000m." 
  10. "Top Shot Long Range Sniper Weapon". Armed Forces of Canada. http://www.army.forces.gc.ca/cfb_gagetown/news/newsroom/documents/2002/BG02008_e.doc. Retrieved 2008-10-02. "event will run for the first time ... It is capable of producing long-range precise fire at ranges out to 800m and ..." 
  11. "Badass Sniper Cleanly Shoots the Gun Out Of A Crazy Mans Hand". Gizmodo. http://gizmodo.com/gadgets/cold_blooded/badass-sniper-cleanly-shoots-the-gun-out-of-a-crazy-mans-hand-291329.php?autoplay=true. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Modern Firearms - Sniper Rifles - Intro". Guns.ru. http://world.guns.ru/sniper/sn00-e.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-01. "While the "true" sniper rifles usually are bolt action ones, to achieve maximum accuracy..." 
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 "M110 Semi-automatic Sniper System". Military Factory. http://www.militaryfactory.com/smallarms/detail.asp?smallarms_id=246. Retrieved 2008-10-02. "As a semi-automatic weapon with no bolt-handle to operate, the sniper need not be distracted with the operation of loading the next round into the chamber." 
  14. Jon Latimer, Deception in War, London: John Murray, 2001
  15. Blechman, Hardy and Newman, Alex (2004). DPM: Disruptive Pattern Material. DPM Ltd. ISBN 0-9543404-0-X. 
  16. How Stuff Works: Military Camouflage Accessed Oct. 10, 2008
  17. 17.0 17.1 Ghillie history at ghilliesuitsonline.com Accessed Oct. 10, 2008
  18. Hextr: Make your own ghillie suit Accessed Oct. 10, 2008
  19. Ghillie.com: 9 Rules to buying a Ghillie Suit Accessed Oct. 10, 2008
  20. 20.0 20.1 20.2 "Police sniper watches from roof, Sydney". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2007-09-06. http://www.abc.net.au/news/photos/2007/09/06/2025679.htm. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 "Gastonia Police Department - Sniper School". http://www.cityofgastonia.com/city_serv/police/teams/SniperPage.cfm. Retrieved 2008-05-04. 
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 "How Stuff Works: Spotters and Sniper Teams". How Stuff Works. http://science.howstuffworks.com/sniper2.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  23. "KIMS Training at U.S. Army Ranger Sniper School". How Stuff Works. http://science.howstuffworks.com/sniper10.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  24. The Sniper at War: From the American Revolutionary War to the Present Day by Michael Haskew, Published by Macmillan, 2005, ISBN 0312336519, 9780312336516 Accessed Oct. 10, 2008
  25. "Snipers in WWI". http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/rifles.htm. 
  26. "top WWII snipers". http://wio.ru/galgrnd/sniper/sniper.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-13. 
  27. 27.0 27.1 Lance Cpl. George J. Papastrat (March 29, 2007). "Range complex named after famous Vietnam sniper". Marine Corps News. http://www.marines.mil/marinelink/mcn2000.nsf/lookupstoryref/2007329115513. Retrieved 2008-10-02. "...famous Hathcock shot that killed an enemy from more than 2,500 yards (2,286 m) away..." 
  28. "Sniper Rifles". Global Security. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/sniper.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-02. "When a 24-year old Marine sharpshooter named Carlos Norman Hathcock II chalked up the farthest recorded kill in the history of sniping - 2,500 yards (1.42 miles, a distance greater than 22 football fields) in February 1967 he fired a Browning M2 .50 Cal. Machine Gun." 
  29. Sgt. Grit (2006). "Marine Corps Sniper Carlos N. Hathcock II". http://www.grunt.com/scuttlebutt/corps-stories/heroes/carloshathcock.asp. Retrieved 2008-10-02. "Viet Cong shot dead by a round fired from a scope-mounted Browning M-2 .50 caliber machine gun at the unbelievable range of 2500 yards." 
  30. "Killing shot made at distance of 2,430 metres". Canadian Press. December 30, 2003. http://www.snipercountry.com/articles/killingshot_2430metres.asp. Retrieved 2008-10-02. "The two-man Canadian team, coupled with American Sgt. Zevon Durham of Greenville, S.C., made the kill from 2,430 metres, or nearly 2 1/2 kilometres, on the second shot." 
  31. "Top WWII Snipers". http://www.wio.ru/galgrnd/sniper/sniper.htm. Retrieved 18-08-2008. 
  32. Stephen Holden (April 4, 2003). "Phone Booth (2003) Film Review; When a Sniper Calls the Shots". New York Times. http://movies.nytimes.com/mem/movies/review.html?res=9F06E6DE1638F937A35757C0A9659C8B63. Retrieved 2008-10-13. 
  33. Desson Howe (March 16, 2001). "A Riveting War Within a War". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/entertainment/movies/reviews/enemyatthegateshowe.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-13. 
  34. "Sniper suspects sent to Virginia for trial". CNN. November 8, 2002. http://archives.cnn.com/2002/US/11/07/sniper.case/index.html. Retrieved 2008-10-13. 

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