Sniper rifle: Wikis

  
  
  

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The 7.62x51mm M40, United States Marine Corps standard-issue sniper rifle.
The Accuracy International Arctic Warfare series of sniper rifles is standard issue in the armies of many countries, including those of Britain and Germany (picture shows a rifle of the German Army).
"Alex" - the new 7.62x51mm Polish bolt-action sniper rifle.
.In military and law enforcement terminology, a sniper rifle is a rifle used to ensure more accurate placement of bullets at longer ranges than other small arms.^ Sniper rifle vs AEG range « 1 2 » .

^ But other than that this is the most powerful and accurate rifle in my arsenal.
  • JG BAR 10 Spring Sniper Rifle Airsoft Gun (Gun Only) by: JG - Airsoft 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.airsoftgi.com [Source type: General]

^ The earliest sniper rifles were little more than conventional military or target rifles with long-range "peep sights" designed for use on the target range.

.A typical sniper rifle is built for optimal levels of accuracy, fitted with a telescopic sight and chambered for a military centerfire cartridge.^ I've built my sniper rifles .
  • Where can i buy a sniper rifle? - Yahoo! Answers 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Sniper rifle From Military (1024x768, 160K) .
  • Desktop Wallpaper · Motors · Military · Sniper rifle | Free Background 1024x768 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC wallpapers.free-review.net [Source type: General]

^ I hunt with a scope-sighted centerfire rifle.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.The term is often used in the media to describe any type of accurized firearm fitted with a telescopic sight that is employed against human targets, although "sniping rifle" or "sniper's rifle" is the technically correct fashion to refer to such a rifle.^ An adjustable sling on the rifle is often employed.

^ The custom sniper rifle and telescopes...

^ Eliminate your target with your sniper rifle.
  • Play Free Flash games - Sniper Assasin 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.ultimateflashgame.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The military role of sniper (a term derived from the snipe, a bird which was difficult to hunt and shoot) dates back to the turn of the 18th century, but the sniper rifle itself is a much more recent development.^ MORE protection then a hunting rifle.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ After all, sniper rifles are more powerful then a scoped hunting rifle right?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ How far can a sniper rifle shoot?
  • WikiAnswers - How far can a sniper rifle shoot 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.Advances in technology, specifically that of telescopic sights and more accurate manufacturing, allowed armies to equip specially-trained soldiers with rifles that would enable them to deliver precise shots over greater distances than regular infantry weapons.^ It's heavier than other rifles, and that makes it accurate when in single shots.
  • whats the worlds best assault rifle? [Archive] - Defence Talk Forum 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC www.defencetalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Advances in technology, specifically that of telescopic sight s and more accurate manufacturing, allowed armies to equip specially-trained soldiers with rifles that would enable them to deliver precise shots over greater distances than regular infantry weapons.

^ The rifle is accurate but the scope lets me get more out of it than I would have imagined.
  • Super Sniper - Nothing Comes Close 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.supersniper.com [Source type: General]

.The rifle itself could be a standard rifle (at first, a bolt-action rifle); however, when fitted with a telescopic sight, it would become a sniper rifle.^ This would be a great sniper rifle.
  • Galil Sniper Rifle - Modern BrickArms Suggestions - BrickArms Forums 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC forums.brickarms.com [Source type: General]

^ The custom sniper rifle and telescopes...

^ Scoped bolt-action standard army rifle doesn't meand "sniper rifle", by the way.
  • Best Sniper Rifle [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

Contents

History

During World War II, the (7.62x54mmR) Mosin-Nagant rifle mounted with a telescopic sight was commonly used as a sniper rifle by Russian snipers.
.In the American Civil War, Confederate troops equipped with barrel-length three power scopes mounted on the then-premium British Whitworth rifle had been known to kill Union officers at ranges bordering 800 yards, an unheard-of distance at that time.^ What are primary sniper rifles of the civil war?
  • WikiAnswers - Names of sniper rifles in world war 1 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Types_of_rifle_scope.html What Rifle scope Mounts?

^ Confederate troops equipped with barrel-length three power scopes mounted on the then premium British Whitworth Rifle had been known to kill Union officers at ranges bordering 800 yards, an unheard of distance at that time.

[1][2][3][4]
.The earliest sniper rifles were little more than conventional military or target rifles with long-range "peep sights" and Galilean 'open telescope' front and rearsights, designed for use on the target range.^ The earliest sniper rifles were little more than conventional military or target rifles with long-range "peep sights" designed for use on the target range.

^ The long stock makes it look more like a conventional rifle.

^ Eliminate your target with your sniper rifle.
  • Play Free Flash games - Sniper Assasin 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.ultimateflashgame.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Only from the beginning of World War I did specially adapted sniper rifles come to the fore.^ Aldis scope on sniper rifle in world war 1?
  • WikiAnswers - Names of sniper rifles in world war 1 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ World War 2 japan sniper rifles?
  • WikiAnswers - Names of sniper rifles in world war 1 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ What are primary sniper rifles of the civil war?
  • WikiAnswers - Names of sniper rifles in world war 1 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.Germany deployed military calibre hunting rifles with telescopic sights which was countered by the British with Aldis, Winchester and Periscopic Prism Co.^ A small number of Periscopic Prism Co.
  • No.3 MkI* (T)A Sniper Rifle - (Pattern 1914 Mk1* W (T)A Sniper Rifle) - Military Surplus Collectors Forums 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.milsurps.com [Source type: General]

^ Hunting rifles, sporting rifles, pistols, military rifles.
  • Sniper Equipment, Sniper  Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.armsvault.com [Source type: General]

^ I hunt with a scope-sighted centerfire rifle.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

sights fitted by gunsmiths, to regulation .SMLE Mk III and Mk III* rifles.^ Only from the beginning of World War I did specially adapted sniper rifles come to the fore, with one of the first scoped military sniper rifles being the SMLE Mk III* (HT).

^ October 7th, 1944 (Mk III) Rifle Qty Mfg: ...............
  • Nothing but snipers !!!! - ImageEvent 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC imageevent.com [Source type: General]

Australia's No.1 Mk III* (HT) rifle was another later conversion of the SMLE fitted with the Lithgow heavy target barrel at the end of WW2.
.Typical World War II-era sniper rifles were generally standard issue battle rifles, hand-picked for accuracy, with a 2.5x or 3x telescopic sight and cheek-rest fitted, with the bolt turned down if necessary to allow operation with the scope affixed.^ What are primary sniper rifles of the civil war?
  • WikiAnswers - Names of sniper rifles in world war 1 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ World war 1 production of sniper rifles?
  • WikiAnswers - Names of sniper rifles in world war 1 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ The custom sniper rifle and telescopes...

.By the end of the war, forces on all sides had specially trained soldiers equipped with sniper rifles, and they have played an increasingly important role in military operations ever since.^ What are primary sniper rifles of the civil war?
  • WikiAnswers - Names of sniper rifles in world war 1 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ World war 1 production of sniper rifles?
  • WikiAnswers - Names of sniper rifles in world war 1 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Both soldiers do what they are trained to do.
  • Web Intelligence Sniper - Organic Search Engine Optimization Specialists that focus on business 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC webintelligencesniper.com [Source type: General]

Classification

.Modern sniper rifles can be generally divided into two basic classes: military and law enforcement.^ USING THE SNIPER RIFLES: Generally used one of two ways.
  • Weapons Review: Sniper Rifles [Archive] - TribalWar Forums 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.tribalwar.com [Source type: General]

^ Modern sniper rifles can be generally divided into two basic classes: military and law enforcement .

^ Sniper rifles are generally bolt-action rifles .
  • Howstuffworks "How Military Snipers Work" 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Military

U.S. Marine Corps sniper team with an M86 sniper rifle, during sniper training.
.Sniper rifles aimed at military service often deliberately sacrifice a small degree of accuracy to obtain a very high degree of durability, range, reliability, sturdiness, serviceability and repairability under adverse environmental and combat conditions.^ Third, military sniper rifles must be easy to fieldstrip and easy to repair in field conditions.
  • Modern Sniper Rifles Article 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.webarms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Range of ww1 sniper rifles?
  • WikiAnswers - How far can a sniper rifle shoot 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ A mint condition sniper rifle is an oxymoron.

.Military snipers and sharpshooters may also be required to carry their rifles, along with other equipment, for long distances, making weight considerations very important.^ He carries the axe, nailgun , and Sniper Rifle.

^ The Sniper - The sniper, a bread of military unlike any other.
  • The Sniper - The sniper, a bread of military unlike any other. 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.sniperworld.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Military snipers and sharpshooters might also be required to carry their rifles—along with other equipment—for long distances, and as such weight considerations are very important.

.Military organizations often operate under strict budget constraints, which influences the type and quality of sniper rifles they acquire.^ References on the Type 97 Sniper Rifle .
  • Nambu World: Type 97 Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ammunition for the Type 97 Sniper Rifle .
  • Nambu World: Type 97 Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Accessories for the Type 97 Sniper Rifle .
  • Nambu World: Type 97 Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Law enforcement

.Sniper rifles built or modified for use in law enforcement scenarios are generally required to have greater accuracy than military rifles, but are not required to have as extensive a range as their military counterparts.^ Federal law enforcement and military agencies.
  • 12275 thru 12290 Assault Weapons - Dangerous Weapons Control Laws - Bureau of Firearms- California Dept. of Justice - Office of the Attorney General 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC caag.state.ca.us [Source type: Original source]

^ The standard army cartridges are used in military sniper rifles.
  • Sniper Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Range of ww1 sniper rifles?
  • WikiAnswers - How far can a sniper rifle shoot 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.As law enforcement-specific rifles are generally used in non-combat (often urban) environments they are also not required to be built with the same degree of hardiness or portability.^ They continue to use the same tactics.
  • Illuminati Mind Control & Sniper 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ She used the same rifle and ammo I used.
  • Super Sniper - Nothing Comes Close 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.supersniper.com [Source type: General]

^ It was used in the U.S. by Federal and local law enforcement.
  • M16 rifle series - imfdb :. guns in movies :. movie guns :. the internet movie firearms database 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.imfdb.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, shorter-range requirements often result in a smaller over-all size.^ However, these incidents usually do not involve the range or skill of military snipers; in all three cases the perpetrators had U.S. military training, but in other specialties.
  • Sniper encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, if any aircraft purchase contracts are signed it likely will involve a smaller number of Fulcrums and/or Flankers, possibly about 24 aircraft in all.
  • Hugo Chavez: MiGs, SAMs and 900,000 more assault rifles | www.vcrisis.com 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.vcrisis.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was handy and easy to shoot, it didn't require much maintenance, it was powerful and accurate enough for hunting up to deer-size game, and best of all it was cheap.
  • The SKS Comes To America 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC www.sff.net [Source type: Original source]

.Some of the first examples of sniper rifles designed specifically to meet police and other law enforcement requirements were developed for West German police subsequent to the Munich massacre at the 1972 Summer Olympics.^ Some of the first examples of sniper rifles designed specifically to meet police requirements were those designed to meet West German police requirements following the Munich massacre at the 1972 Summer Olympics .

^ Truvelo .50 Sniper Rifle Specifications .
  • 50 Caliber Sniper Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.gun-shots.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have some questions on sniper rifles.
  • Guns, Firearms, Projectile Weapon Sports: Sniper Rifle/Scopes/Maximum Ranges/LE vs Mil?, military sniper rifles, modern sniper rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many police services and law enforcement organizations (such as the U.S. Secret Service) now use rifles specifically designed for law enforcement purposes.^ Now, what uses would someone have for such a rifle?
  • Assault Weapons: Evil Black Rifles (or perhaps not) 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I used them in the military, in law enforcement, and now in retirement.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ As a consequence it is now fashionable to refer to law enforcement personnel equipped with scoped rifles as "countersnipers" or by the even more politically correct term, "selected" or "designated marksmen."

.The Heckler & Koch PSG1 is one rifle specifically designed to meet these criteria and is often referred to as an ideal example of this type of sniper rifle.^ Anyone one of these sniper rifles can take down any other.
  • Best Sniper Rifle [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ These types of sniper rifle scopes are called tactical scopes.
  • Discount Sniper Rifle Scopes | Hunting Rifle Scopes 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC discountsniperscopes.com [Source type: General]

^ Bayonets for the Type 97 Sniper Rifle .
  • Nambu World: Type 97 Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The FN Special Police Rifle was built for and is marketed to law enforcement rather than military agencies.^ Full gun » FN Special Police Rifle .
  • Sniper Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Are military sniper rifles different than police sniper rifles?
  • Guns, Firearms, Projectile Weapon Sports: Sniper Rifle/Scopes/Maximum Ranges/LE vs Mil?, military sniper rifles, modern sniper rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sniper rifles are normally of three types: military sniper rifles, police/law enforcement sniper rifles and special purpose sniper rifles.
  • Sniper Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Distinguishing characteristics

Looking through a telescopic sight.
.Sniper rifle features can vary widely depending on the specific tasks it is intended to perform.^ Sniper rifle features can vary widely depending on the specific tasks it is intended to perform.

^ Swiss Sniper Rifles - variants and more...

^ Performance: This is not your average sniper rifle.
  • UTG MK96 Shadow Ops Spring Airsoft Sniper Rifle Army Digital Camo - AIRSOFT SHORTY USA 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.shortyusa.com [Source type: General]

.Features that may distinguish a sniper rifle from other weapons are the presence of a telescopic sight, unusually long overall weapon length,[5] a stock designed for firing from a prone position, and the presence of a bipod and other accessories.^ What is the length of the sniper rifle?
  • WikiAnswers - How far can a sniper rifle shoot 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ Sniper rifles have long been considered the true test of firing technology.

^ Sniper rifles usually are fitted with a bipod .

Telescopic sight

.The single most important characteristic that sets a sniper rifle apart from other military or police small arms is the mounting of a telescopic sight, which is relatively easy to distinguish from smaller optical aiming devices found on some modern assault rifles and submachine guns.^ What characteristics make a rifle an "assault rifle"?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ Standardize on a single assault rifle?

^ Assault rifles are the standard small arms in most modern armies, having largely ...
  • Assault Rifles - Dogpile Web Search 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC www.dogpile.com [Source type: General]

.This also allows the user to see farther.^ Perpaps even involing laser targeting to allow the user to see the distance of the BT object they are attacking.
  • Schneier on Security: Bluetooth Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A telescopic sight allows a person to see targets more precisely by virtue of the magnified image it offers, and therefore aim the rifle more accurately.^ See more AWC M-94's and AWC rifles.
  • Precision Arms - Sniper Rifles, Tactical Rifles and Scopes 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.precisionarms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A telescopic sight allows a person to see targets more precisely by virtue of the magnified image it offers, and therefore aim the rifle more accurately.

^ See more M-91's and AWC rifles.
  • Precision Arms - Sniper Rifles, Tactical Rifles and Scopes 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.precisionarms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The telescopic sights used on sniper rifles differ from other optical aiming devices in that they offer much greater magnification (more than 4x and up to 40x) and much larger objective lens (40 to 50 mm in diameter), resulting in a brighter image.^ We use them because they do what we want to do and they do it better than many other types of rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The rifle I use is a 7mm Magnum that is much more powerful than these "EVIL" "Sniper" rifle.
  • 'Sniper Rifles' Unregulated and for Sale Online - The Blotter 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC blogs.abcnews.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Other than that they're pretty much the same.
  • Best Assault Rifle? [Archive] - Strategy First Forums 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.strategyfirst.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Most telescopic lenses employed in military or police roles have special reticles to aid with judgment of distance, which is an important factor in accurate shot placement due to the bullet's trajectory.^ Most telescopic lenses employed in military or police roles have special markings to aid the shot with the judgement of distance, which is an important factor in accurate shot placement (due to the curved trajectory of a bullet's path).

^ I find that with the M's I burst short and it turns out to be anywhere from 1 to 7 bullets, whereas AK allows me to even "snipe" with it, meaning single-shotting people at huge distances.
  • Assault Rifle Poll [Archive] - ijji Forums 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC forums.ijji.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Montgomery County police said it was likely that the shots, described as .223-caliber bullets, were fired from a rifle such as a Colt AR-15 the semiautomatic, civilian version of the military M-16 assault rifle."
  • SNIPER: US EAST COAST SNIPER: MARYLAND, VIRGINIA, WASHINGTON D.C. AREA | HavenWorks.com/us/sniper - American Washington District of Columbia Region Under Fire. U.S. - United States of America - U.S.A., MD, VA, DC, News. 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.havenworks.com [Source type: News]

Action

.
A Marine manually extracts and chambers a new 7.62x51mm round in his bolt-action M40A3 sniper rifle.
^ Bolt Action Sniper Rifle SKU: SKU16283 50 cal.

^ The M24’s action requires snipers to manually feed a round into the chamber after each shot with the weapon’s bolt.
  • Army, Corps seek longer-range sniper rifle - Army News, news from Iraq, - Army Times 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.armytimes.com [Source type: News]

^ The bolt-action rifle fired from a 5-round internal box magazin...

The bolt handle is held in the shooter's hand and is not visible in this photo.
.The choice between bolt-action and semi-automatic (more commonly recoil or gas operation) is usually determined by specific requirements of the sniper's role as envisioned in a particular organization, with each design having advantages and disadvantages.^ All sniper rifles are either semi-automatic or bolt action for that reason.
  • Firedoglake » Late Night: “Does This AR-15 Assault Rifle Make My Ass Look Fat?” 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The choice between bolt-action and semi-automatic actions (more commonly recoil or gas operation ) is usually determined by specific requirements of the sniper's role as envisioned in a particular organisation, with each design having advantages and disadvantages.

^ System: Gas operated, rotating bolt.
  • Gunwriters' M95 Assault Rifle 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC guns.connect.fi [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For a given cartridge, a bolt-action rifle is cheaper to build and maintain, more reliable and accurate, and lighter; this is due to fewer moving parts in the mechanism.^ It is a single shot, bolt action rifle.
  • Sniper (video game character) - giantbomb.com 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.giantbomb.com [Source type: General]

^ Bolt Action rifles are "Terrorist" rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ It is as accurate as most of my bolt rifles.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.In addition, the lack of an external magazine allows for more versatile fire-positioning and manual case ejection allows for greater discretion.^ In addition, the smaller bullet meant a lower recoil , which would (it was hoped) allow soldiers to put more rounds on a target, more accurately.
  • assault rifle@Everything2.com 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The SPR's safety has a middle position which blocks the firing pin, yet still allows you to work the action for loading and unloading.
  • Sniper Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The operating controls allow the operator to keep the firing hand on the pistol grip and the weapon in the firing position at all times while the non-firing hand actuates the charging handle and magazine during loading and clearing.
  • XM8 Lightweight Assault Rifle 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.globalsecurity.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Semi-automatic weapons can serve a cross-purpose use as both a battle rifle and a sniper rifle, and allow for a greater rate (and hence volume) of fire.^ An SKS is a semi-automatic weapon.
  • Robert Hawkins SKS Assault Rifle on Yedda - People. Sharing. Knowledge. 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC yedda.com [Source type: General]

^ There are semi-automatic sniper rifles, though, such as the M-21.
  • Howstuffworks "How Military Snipers Work" 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A semi automatic rifle is not an assault rifle !!
  • Teenager with assault rifle arrested on Metrolink, police say | L.A. NOW | Los Angeles Times 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC latimesblogs.latimes.com [Source type: General]

.As such rifles may be modified service rifles, an additional benefit can be commonality of operation with the issued infantry rifle.^ Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License ; additional terms may apply.
  • Horticulture/Slugs - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks 1 February 2010 4:04 UTC en.wikibooks.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Assault Rifles For Sale Assault Rifles for Sale is the tag, which in common terms means that the guns under such category are shown available for sale in various stuff manufactured ...
  • Assault Rifles For Sale - Dogpile Web Search 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC www.dogpile.com [Source type: General]

^ The smokeless powder was only advantage over the older black-powder rifles still used in the war (on both sides of the conflict), such as issued to volunteers and the local militia.
  • Springfield Sniper Rifle vs. K98 Sniper Rifle - International Military Forums 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.military-quotes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A bolt-action is the most commonly used in both military and police roles due to its higher accuracy and ease of maintenance.^ Both bolt action and semi auto.
  • TacticalGunFan.com - US Special Operations Considers A ".338" Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.tacticalgunfan.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What are you doing using a bolt action?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The bolt rifle was developed for use by the military.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.Anti-materiel applications such as mine clearing and special forces operations tend to see a higher usage of semi-automatics.^ Anti-materiel applications such as mine clearing and special forces operations tend to see a higher usage of semi-automatics.

^ And about this time of year, the anti-mosquito task force is swelled by the arrival of several species of Toxorhynchites--unusually large mosquitoes with glittering iridescent bodies and wings.
  • Hate housework? Can't find a reliable cleaner? Try a slug. 1 February 2010 4:04 UTC www.anapsid.org [Source type: News]

^ The semi-automatic Kawamura Type 97 20mm anti tank rifle was a very heavy gun at 110 lbs and at nearly 7 foot long it needed a team of 4 men to operate it, a gunner, a loader, and 2 ammunition carriers.
  • 20mm SNIPER RIFLE--AWESOME ! 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.vincelewis.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A designated marksman rifle (DMR) is less specialized than a typical military sniper rifle, often only intended to extend the range of a group of soldiers.^ Are military sniper rifles different than police sniper rifles?
  • Guns, Firearms, Projectile Weapon Sports: Sniper Rifle/Scopes/Maximum Ranges/LE vs Mil?, military sniper rifles, modern sniper rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sniper Soviet sniper Designated marksman List of sniper rifles Notes and references .

^ Military sniper rifles have to be precisely accurate and must have effective range.
  • Sniper Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Therefore, when a semi-automatic action is used it is due to its ability to cross over into roles similar to the roles of standard issue weapons.^ And to the core of the issue: what is wrong with a semi-automatic weapon?
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ An SKS is a semi-automatic weapon.
  • Robert Hawkins SKS Assault Rifle on Yedda - People. Sharing. Knowledge. 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC yedda.com [Source type: General]

^ The sniper rifle is a semi-automatic weapon.
  • Sniper Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There may also be additional logistical advantages if the DMR uses the same ammunition as the more common standard issue weapons.^ The ammunition used was standard 6.5mm Arisaka ammunition.
  • Nambu World: Type 97 Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC members.shaw.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Actually, there is much more to the issue.
  • Assault Weapons Bans: A Solution in Search of a Problem 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC gunowners.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Here are the issues: 1) What is the standard for protected weapons that are not in common use by police?
  • Police Assault Rifles | Snowflakes in Hell 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.snowflakesinhell.com [Source type: Original source]

.These rifles enable a higher volume of fire, but sacrifice some long range accuracy.^ These rifles enable a higher volume of fire, but sacrifice some long-range accuracy.

^ Q. I do not have a tactical rifle nor do I shoot long-range.
  • Ballistic Technologies, LLC - Frequently Asked Questions 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC ballistictech.com [Source type: General]

^ While snipers are more focused on extreme long-range targets (up to 2000 meters+), DM's are typically restriced to operating within the 800 meter envelope, and are able to lay down higher volumes of fire.
  • 'Sniper Rifles' Unregulated and for Sale Online - The Blotter 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC blogs.abcnews.com [Source type: Original source]

.They are frequently built from existing selective fire battle rifles or assault rifles, often simply by adding a telescopic sight and adjustable stock.^ An adjustable sling on the rifle is often employed.

^ Assault rifles are selective to full auto fire.

^ Futhermore select fire weapons are assault rifles, not any rifle in an AR15 configuration.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.A police semi-automatic sniper rifle may be used in situations that require a single sniper to engage multiple targets in quick succession, and military semi-automatics like the M110 SASS are used in similar "target-rich" environments.^ Semi-automatic, single shot .
  • Halo 3 Sniper Rifle - Halo Wiki 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC halowiki.net [Source type: General]

^ Eliminate your target with your sniper rifle.
  • Play Free Flash games - Sniper Assasin 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.ultimateflashgame.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This rifle may have used RPG7 optics.

Cartridge

.In a military setting, logistical concerns are the primary determinant of the cartridge used, so sniper rifles are usually limited to rifle cartridges commonly used by the military force employing the rifle.^ Sniper rifles usually are fitted with a bipod .

^ The standard army cartridges are used in military sniper rifles.
  • Sniper Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Effective range Ballistic performance Types of targets that can be effectively engaged Cost, and consequently, the number of rifles purchased and employed In a military setting, logistical concerns are the primary determinant of the cartridge used, so sniper rifles are usually limited to rifle cartridges commonly used by the military force employing the rifle.

.Since large national militaries generally change slowly, military rifle ammunition is frequently battle-tested and well-studied by ammunition and firearms experts.^ Since large national militaries generally change slowly, military rifle ammunition is frequently battle-tested and well-studied by ammunition and firearms experts.

^ Since the 1930's up until recently, the 20mm round has never been deemed suitable by the military as ammunition for use in a rifle, as the rifle required to fire it would be fantastically heavy and way too cumbersome for any infantry soldier to carry.
  • 20mm SNIPER RIFLE--AWESOME ! 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.vincelewis.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More importantly, the National Match-type bedding required frequent--about once every 2,500 rounds--maintenance to keep the rifles shooting at their best.

.Consequently, police forces tend to follow military practices in choosing a sniper rifle cartridge instead of trying to break new ground with less-perfected (but possibly better) ammunition.^ The standard army cartridges are used in military sniper rifles.
  • Sniper Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Whats the perfect sniper rifle in 2000m?
  • Whats the perfect sniper rifle in 2000m? - Yahoo!7 Answers 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ Are military sniper rifles different than police sniper rifles?
  • Guns, Firearms, Projectile Weapon Sports: Sniper Rifle/Scopes/Maximum Ranges/LE vs Mil?, military sniper rifles, modern sniper rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Before the introduction of the 7.62x51mm cartridge in the 1950s, standard military cartridges utilised were the .30-06 Springfield or 7.62x63mm (United States), .303 British or 7.7x56mmR (United Kingdom) and 7.92x57mm or 8mm Mauser (Germany).^ Looks like standard 30-06.

^ Remington was making the 1917 Enfield for England during the war in the long established African Game Caliber of .303 British, which was also the British military caliber, when the United States needed more rifle production at a time of war so Remington shifted from .303 British to the 30-06 Springfield for the United States Military and so was born what would eventually turn out to be another great military style rifle that later found its way into the sporting arena.
  • Assault rifle: the 1903 Springfield and Model 98 Mauser > Conroe Courier > Sports Archives > Houston Community Newspapers Online - News Around Town 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.hcnonline.com [Source type: News]

^ Later, when they and several other warring nations switched to more aerodynamic spitzer bullets, the U.S. military introduced the .30-06 Springfield cartridge.

.The .30-06 Springfield continued in service with U.S. Marine Corps snipers during the Vietnam War in the 1970s, well after general adoption of the 7.62x51mm.^ The Marine Corps is at war; America is at the mall."
  • Finally got a Mosin sniper - Page 2 - Calguns.net 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.calguns.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The .30-06 Springfield continued in service with U.S. Marine Corps snipers during the Vietnam War in the 1970s , well after general adoption of the 7.62×51mm.

^ The M14’s popularity as a sniper rifle dates back to its development as a National Match competition rifle during the 1960’s, its evolution into the M21 Sniper Rifle used in the Vietnam War, and its evolution into the XM25 Sniper Rifle by the U.S. Army and Navy in the years that followed.
  • Take a Look at the Army’s New Sniper Rifle | Defense Tech 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC defensetech.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the present time, in both the Western world and within NATO, 7.62x51mm is currently the primary cartridge of choice for military and police sniper rifles.^ The standard army cartridges are used in military sniper rifles.
  • Sniper Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Are military sniper rifles different than police sniper rifles?
  • Guns, Firearms, Projectile Weapon Sports: Sniper Rifle/Scopes/Maximum Ranges/LE vs Mil?, military sniper rifles, modern sniper rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC en.allexperts.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some of the main differences of police sniper rifles when compared to military rifles are: .

.Worldwide, the trend is similar.^ Worldwide, the trend is similar.

.The preferred sniper cartridge in Russia is another .30 calibre military cartridge, the 7.62x54mm R, which has similar performance to the 7.62x51mm.^ If you want to shoot as a sharpshooter for a police department, you want to practice with the .223 (5.56x45mm NATO), since that is usually preferred for police work over the .308 (7.62 NATO), which is used as a military sniper cartridge.
  • Best Sniper Rifle? - Yahoo!7 Answers 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC au.answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

^ The .308 Winchester is a rifle round and is the commercial version of the military 7.62x51mm NATO (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/7.62x51mm_NATO) centerfire cartridge.
  • Girls 'n' guns. [Archive] - Lineman Forums 18 September 2009 7:31 UTC www.powerlineman.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He said the weapon was not favored by military snipers, who prefer rifles with longer barrels to increase accuracy and effective range.
  • Worldandnation: Cracking the sniper case 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.sptimes.com [Source type: News]

.This cartridge was introduced in 1891, and both Russian sniper rifles of the modern era, the Mosin-Nagant and the Dragunov sniper rifle, are chambered for it.^ SVD Dragunov sniper rifle .
  • SVD Dragunov sniper rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.ak-47.us [Source type: General]

^ Mosin Nagant sniper rifle database.
  • Mosin Nagant sniper rifle database. 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC forums.gunboards.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The preferred sniper rifle in Russia is another .30 caliber military cartridge—the 7.62 x 54 mm R , which has similar performance to the 7.62×51mm NATO. This cartridge was introduced in 1891, and both Russian sniper rifles of the modern era, the Mosin-Nagant and the Dragunov (SVD) , are chambered for it.

.Certain commercial cartridges designed without the logistical constraints of most armies with only performance in mind have also gained popularity in the 1990s.^ Certain commercial cartridges designed without the logistical constraints of most armies and only performance in mind have also gained popularity in the 1990s—these include the .338 Lapua Magnum and .300 Winchester Magnum .

^ Only the most naive believer in American omnipotence or the nuclear umbrella can feel certain that America will never again need the militia.
  • Banning Assault Rifles Won't Work 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.davekopel.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was built by an independent contractor, the Barrett Firearms Company, and its owner, Ronnie Barrett, is only the fourth individual to design a weapon to be used by the US Army.
  • How to Shoot the World's Most Powerful Sniper Rifle - You're long dead by the time your hear the shot - Softpedia 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC news.softpedia.com [Source type: General]

.These include the 7 mm Remington Magnum (7.2x64mm), .300 Winchester Magnum (7.8/7.62x67mm), and the .338 Lapua Magnum (8.6x70mm).^ Left to right: .223 - .338 Lapua Magnum - .50 cal and the awesome 20mm .
  • 20mm SNIPER RIFLE--AWESOME ! 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.vincelewis.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chambered in 7.62 NATO, .300 Winchester Magnum and .338 Lapua Magnum, the DSR-1 literature claims state sub-.2 MOA accuracy (0.20 inch / 5 mm groups measured center-to-center at 100 yards) with correct ammunition out of the box.
  • GunPorn » Blog Archive » DSR-1 Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.dreadgazebo.com [Source type: General]

^ For those unfamiliar with the .338 Lapua Magnum, its origins date back to the early 1980s, when the CIA was waging a covert war against the Soviets in Afghanistan.
  • TacticalGunFan.com - US Special Operations Considers A ".338" Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.tacticalgunfan.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These cartridges offer better ballistic performance and greater effective range than the 7.62x51mm.^ These cartridges offer better ballistic performance and greater effective range than the 7.62×51mm NATO. Though they are not as powerful as .50 calibre cartridges (e.g.

^ Like any sniper weapon the M42A is best used deliberately, from concealment and at a longer range than the opposing forces can fire effectively.
  • AvP3 - Possible Sniper Rifle Mechanism - SEGA Forum 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC forums.sega.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Greater accuracy than a "C" model, yet still compact enough to battle effectively in CQB situations.

.Though they are not as powerful as .50 calibre cartridges, they also do not suffer any weight penalty as is the case for rifles chambered for .50 calibre ammunition, and offer a significant improvement over rifles chambered for 7.62x51mm.^ BMG), they also do not suffer any weight penalty as is the case for rifles chambered for .50 calibre ammunition, and, as such, offer a significant improvement over rifles chambered for the 7.62×51mm NATO. .

^ Other rifles, such as the .50 calibre rifles produced by Barrett and McMillan are not designed exclusively as AM rifles, but are often employed in such a way, providing the range and power needed for AM applications in a lightweight package compared to most traditional AM rifles.
  • Sniper encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In fact, they equal traditional big game rifle cartridges such as the .45-70 and .38-55.
  • Shotgun Slugs 1 February 2010 4:04 UTC www.chuckhawks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

M82A1 SASR (Special Applications Scoped Rifle), a .50 calibre sniper rifle used as an anti-materiel rifle.
.Snipers may also employ anti-materiel rifles in sniping roles against targets such as vehicles, equipment and structures, or for the long-range destruction of explosive devices.^ Snipers (mostly military) may also employ anti-materiel rifle s in sniping roles against targets such as vehicles, equipment and structures, or for the long-range destruction of explosive devices.

^ Examples of anti-materiel military sniper rifles: .

^ Snipers can outgun at long range.
  • Weapons Review: Assault Rifles [Archive] - TribalWar Forums 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC www.tribalwar.com [Source type: General]

.Although designed and employed primarily as anti-materiel rifles, they may also be used against personnel.^ The AMR-50 is used as an "anti-materiel" rifle, meaning that the rifle is primarily employed to destroy equipment rather than personnel.
  • best sniper rifle [Archive] - Defence Talk Forum 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.defencetalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The US uses it for anti-materiele as well as anti-personnel.
  • best sniper rifle [Archive] - Defence Talk Forum 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.defencetalk.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This rifle may have used RPG7 optics.

.Anti-materiel rifles tend to be semi-automatic and of a larger calibre than anti-personnel rifles, such as the .50 BMG, 12.7x108mm Russian or even 14.5x114mm Russian and 20mm cartridges.^ There are semi-automatic sniper rifles, though, such as the M-21.
  • Howstuffworks "How Military Snipers Work" 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC science.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These are ALL semi-automatic rifles.
  • Schneier on Security: Arming the Boston Police with Assault Rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.schneier.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sniper rifle is a semi-automatic weapon.
  • Sniper Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These large cartridges are required to be able to fire projectiles containing usable payloads like explosives, armour piercing cores, incendiaries or combinations of the above, like the Raufoss Mk211 projectile.^ To test-fire and zero a rifle, use should be made of cartridges with ordinary bullets having a steel core.
  • 7.62-mm SVD DRAGUNOV SNIPER RIFLE. TECHNICAL DESCRIPTIONAND SERVICE MANUAL 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC kalashnikov.guns.ru [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ ATF, which defines it like this: "In general, assault weapons are semi-automatic firearms with a large magazine of ammunition that were designed and configured for rapid fire and combat use."
  • How a rifle becomes an assault rifle | Opinion, Editorials, Letters and Columns from The Plain Dealer - cleveland.com - -Opinions, Editorials, Letters and Columns from The Plain Dealer - cleveland.com 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.cleveland.com [Source type: News]

^ What was needed, these clever bastards concluded, was a cartridge that fired the same sort of bullet, but with a smaller powder charge.
  • What Is An Assault Rifle? 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.sff.net [Source type: Original source]

.Due to the considerable size and weight of anti-materiel rifles, snipers operating in 2- or 3-man teams become a necessity.^ Examples of anti-materiel military sniper rifles: .

^ Due to their considerable size and weight, snipers operating in 2- or 3-man teams becomes a necessity.

^ After leaving the factory, the RT team trekked through nearby woodlands to a shooting range to meet with the secret service for demonstrations of one of their favorite sniper rifles.
  • Russian sniper rifles take aim at American market - RT 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC rt.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Russian sniper rifles take aim at American market - RT Top Stories 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC rt.com [Source type: News]

Barrel

.Barrels are normally of precise manufacture and of a heavier cross section than more traditional barrels in order to reduce the change in impact points between a first shot from a cold barrel and a follow-up shot from a warm barrel.^ This is not to warm up the barrel.
  • Welcome to Shilen Rifles, Inc. 23 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.shilen.com [Source type: General]

^ Follow-up shots kill them.
  • Sniper Flash Cards: Military Tactics for Urban Combat 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.sniperflashcards.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rifle barrels employed in sniper rifles are normally of precise manufacture and of a heavier cross section than more traditional barrels in order to reduce the change in impact points between a first shot from a cold barrel and a follow-up shot from a warm barrel.

.Unlike many battle rifles and assault rifles the bores are usually not chromed to avoid potential inaccuracy due to an uneven treatment.^ Unlike many battle rifles and assault rifles, the bores are usually not chromed to avoid potential inaccuracy due to an uneven treatment.

^ As a former paratrooper I've use many assault rifles and in general very rarely would use them on full auto as I prefered to aim my shots.
  • The Truth About Assault Weapons | SplodeTV.com 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC splodetv.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Michael and Victoria square off in small arms battle wielding either the AK-47 or M16 assault rifles.
  • Gunfight! Assault Rifles for Michael 3 and Victoria 3 Poser DAZ agxcix 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.renderosity.com [Source type: General]

.When installed, barrels are often free-floated or installed so the barrel only contacts the rest of the rifle at the receiver to minimise the effects of pressure on the fore-end by slings, bipods, or the sniper's hands.^ Sniper rifles usually are fitted with a bipod .

^ When installed, barrels are often free-floated or installed so the barrel only contacts the rest of the rifle at the receiver to minimize the effects of pressure on the fore-end by slings, bipods, or the sniper's hands.

^ Barrel free floats.

.The end of the barrel is usually crowned or machined to form a rebated area around the muzzle proper to avoid asymmetry or damage and therefore inaccuracy.^ The real steel stock is created by attaching a "bedding block" made of alimunim directly to the the area containing the barrel, bolt, chamber, and then two half-stocks are attached around it.
  • UTG MK96 Shadow Ops Spring Airsoft Sniper Rifle Green - AIRSOFT SHORTY USA 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.shortyusa.com [Source type: General]

^ It has an extra heavy barrel contour of .750" with a recessed and crowned muzzle.
  • SIG SG-550-1 Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.biggerhammer.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The rifle's muzzle end has a tendency to jump up when the bullet leaves the barrel.
  • Gepard Sniper Rifles, Hungarian Weapons 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.sunblest.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Alternately, some rifles like the Dragunov or Walther WA2000 provide structures at the fore-end to provide tension on the barrel in order to counteract barrel droop and other alterations in barrel shape.^ Alternately, some rifles like the Russian SVD or Walther WA2000 provide structures at the fore-end to provide tension on the barrel in order to counteract barrel droop and other alterations in barrel shape.

^ Like most something for nothing schemes, the rifling proved ineffective, but it did provide some space for some compression if the slug had to squeeze through a tight choke.
  • Shotgun Slugs 1 February 2010 4:04 UTC www.chuckhawks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Just some fundamental things like applying hard chrome to the interior of the barrel and other necessary parts.
  • Gunwriters' M95 Assault Rifle 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC guns.connect.fi [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Another trait sometimes seen with sniper barrels are external longitudinal fluting that contributes to heat dissipation by increasing surface area while simultaneously decreasing the weight of the barrel.^ Another trait sometimes seen with sniper barrels are external longitudinal fluting that contributes to heat dissipation by increasing surface area while simultaneously decreasing the weight of the barrel.

^ The claim of the flutes helping to wick heat away faster is true, but the benefit of the flutes is not recognizable in this regard until the barrel is already too hot.
  • Welcome to Shilen Rifles, Inc. 23 September 2009 1:01 UTC www.shilen.com [Source type: General]

^ Two other key issues were reducing the weapon’s weight and increasing the heat resistance of the hand guard, which would start to melt after firing too many rounds.
  • XM8 – Lightweight Assault Rifle System | Famous Guns 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.famous-guns.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sniper rifle barrels may also utilise a threaded muzzle or combination device (muzzle brake or flash suppressor and attachment mount) to allow the fitting of a sound suppressor.^ The 3 ballistic sniper rifles can have muzzle and visor attachments, the laser sniper rifle can only have visor.
  • Sniper rifles - ALTAR games official forum 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC forum.ufo-aftermath.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sniper rifles usually are fitted with a bipod .

^ Not necessarily for the sound, but the muzzle flash.
  • Classes for "Actual Sniping" - Modern Warfare 2 Forums 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC cod4boards.com [Source type: General]

.These suppressors often have means of adjusting the point of impact while fitted.^ These suppressors often have means of adjusting the point of impact while fitted.

^ If the mean point of impact is below the check point, the front sight should be screwed in, if it is above the check point, the front sight should be screwed out.
  • 7.62-mm SVD DRAGUNOV SNIPER RIFLE. TECHNICAL DESCRIPTIONAND SERVICE MANUAL 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC kalashnikov.guns.ru [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sniper rifle fire accuracy is considered normal, if the mean point of impact coincides with the check point or deviates from it in any direction by no more than 5 cm.
  • 7.62-mm SVD DRAGUNOV SNIPER RIFLE. TECHNICAL DESCRIPTIONAND SERVICE MANUAL 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC kalashnikov.guns.ru [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Military sniper rifles tend to have longer barrels of around 600 to 750 mm (24 to 30 inches) to allow cartridge propellant to fully burn and attain the optimum combination of low flash signature and bullet velocity.^ AR15 style rifles with 24" barrels .
  • Elite Survival Systems/Shooting Systems Rifle, Shotgun, Submachine Gun Cases 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.gunaccessories.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The standard army cartridges are used in military sniper rifles.
  • Sniper Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Rifle barrels, pistol barrels, triggers, bullets.
  • Sniper Equipment, Sniper  Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.armsvault.com [Source type: General]

.This reduces muzzle flash, helping to keep the sniper concealed.^ This reduces muzzle flash, helping to keep the sniper concealed.

^ The upper receiver/barrel assembly has a fully adjustable rear sight and a compensator which helps keep the muzzle down during firing.
  • Assault Rifle [Archive] - Military Photos 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.militaryphotos.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sniper rifle barrels may also utilise a threaded muzzle or combination device (muzzle brake or flash suppressor and attachment mount) to allow the fitting of a sound suppressor.

.Police sniper rifles may use shorter barrels to improve handling characteristics.^ This rifle may have used RPG7 optics.

^ Which sniper rifle do you use?
  • Sniper Rifle Selection... Dissapointing? - Modern Warfare 2 Forums 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC cod4boards.com [Source type: General]

^ Police sniper rifles may use shorter barrels to improve handling characteristics.

.The shorter barrels' velocity loss is less important at closer ranges where projectile energy remains well in excess of that needed to reliably perform.^ The shorter barrels' velocity loss is less important at closer ranges where projectile energy remains well in excess of that needed to reliably perform.

^ I have a chronograph that is important in evaluating the spread in velocities and the effect of heat or freezing conditions, it will also gives me an indication of how well I am reloading or how consistent factory ammo is.
  • Super Sniper - Nothing Comes Close 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.supersniper.com [Source type: General]

^ It is now the sort of performer that Old Man Ruger originally wanted, with typically less than 2" groups at 100 yards, and has a sub-$600 price range.

Stock

.The most common special feature of a sniper rifle stock is the adjustable cheek piece, where the shooter's cheek meets the rear of the stock.^ The most common rear lockup on the M48 Snipers is 19mm wide.

^ Maps and mods that feature the sniper rifle.
  • PlanetPhillip | Tag Archive | Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.planetphillip.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most common special feature of a sniper rifle stock is the adjustable cheek piece , where the shooter's cheek meets the rear of the stock.

.For most rifles equipped with a telescopic sight, this area is raised slightly, because the telescope is positioned higher than the iron sights.^ Taunt position when the sniper rifle is equipped.
  • Sniper (video game character) - giantbomb.com 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.giantbomb.com [Source type: General]

^ For most rifles equipped with a telescopic sight, it is necessary to have this area raised slightly, because the telescope is positioned higher than iron sights , and the shooter should steady his cheek against a rifle while aiming.

^ This rifle was designed to be scoped so it is not equipped with iron sights.
  • UTG MK96 Shadow Ops Spring Airsoft Sniper Rifle Army Digital Camo - AIRSOFT SHORTY USA 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.shortyusa.com [Source type: General]
  • UTG MK96 Shadow Ops Spring Airsoft Sniper Rifle Green - AIRSOFT SHORTY USA 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.shortyusa.com [Source type: General]

.A cheek piece is simply a section of the stock that can be adjusted up or down to suit the individual shooter.^ A cheek piece is simply a section of the stock that can be adjusted up or down to suit the individual shooter.

^ The cheek-piece is ambidextrous for right or left hand shooters.
  • Sniper Rifles Twilight 2000 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Left/Right arrow keys:Move left/right Up/Down arrow keys:adjust machinegun position Control:Shoot Machinegun Shift:Jump Space:Fire the main cannon .

.To further aid this individual fitting, the stock can sometimes also be adjusted for length, often by varying the number of inserts at the rear of the stock where it meets the shooter's shoulder.^ To further aid this individual fitment, the stock can sometimes also be adjusted for length, often by varying the number of butt pad inserts at the rear of the stock where it meets the shooter's shoulder.

^ The cheek rest is adjustable in height and the stock can be adjusted in length by removing spacers under the rubber butt pad.
  • UTG MK96 Shadow Ops Spring Airsoft Sniper Rifle Green - AIRSOFT SHORTY USA 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.shortyusa.com [Source type: General]

^ Today I use an M16 A3 variant (Daimaco, full length barrel) but with collapsable stock and 4X scope.
  • Best Assault Rifle? [Archive] - Strategy First Forums 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.strategyfirst.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Sniper stocks are typically designed to avoid making contact with the barrel of the weapon.^ Sniper stocks are typically designed to avoid making contact with the barrel of the weapon.

^ Typical ex-sniper in laminate stock.
  • Mosin Nagant sniper rifle database. 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC forums.gunboards.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Designed for entry team work in today's tactical environment, the HK53 is typically seen in the A3 variation with retractable stock.
  • Contemporary assault rifles 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC cyberpunk.asia [Source type: Academic]

Accessories

.An adjustable sling on the rifle is often employed.^ An adjustable sling on the rifle is often employed.

.It is used by the sniper to achieve better stability when standing, kneeling, or sitting.^ It is used by the sniper to achieve better stability when standing, kneeling, or sitting.

^ Allow us to paint a picture: When comparing a soldier with a sniper, a soldier will use 100 bullets to every 1.5 a sniper uses to achieve the same objective.
  • Web Intelligence Sniper - Organic Search Engine Optimization Specialists that focus on business 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC webintelligencesniper.com [Source type: General]

^ And even better, we build a “Google Sniper Site” right before your eyes using WordPress!

.The sniper uses the sling to "lock-in" by wrapping their non-firing arm into the sling forcing their arm to be still.^ They are also in use with the armed forces of Jamaica.
  • SA80 – the Most Accurate Assault Rifle | Famous Guns 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.famous-guns.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The sniper uses the sling to "lock-in" by wrapping their non-firing arm into the sling forcing their arm to be still.

^ Like any sniper weapon the M42A is best used deliberately, from concealment and at a longer range than the opposing forces can fire effectively.
  • AvP3 - Possible Sniper Rifle Mechanism - SEGA Forum 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC forums.sega.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Non-static weapon mounts like bipods, monopods and shooting sticks are also regularly used to aid and improve stability and reduce operator fatigue.^ Like any sniper weapon the M42A is best used deliberately, from concealment and at a longer range than the opposing forces can fire effectively.
  • AvP3 - Possible Sniper Rifle Mechanism - SEGA Forum 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC forums.sega.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ On some occasions, however, he used a different weapon: the .50-caliber M2 Browning Machine Gun, on which he mounted the Unertl scope, using a bracket of his own design.

^ As the picture shows, it's equipped with a bipod, and in the reel steal one, there is a monopod (stick) housed within the butt.
  • UTG MK96 Shadow Ops Spring Airsoft Sniper Rifle Green - AIRSOFT SHORTY USA 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.shortyusa.com [Source type: General]

Capabilities

Accuracy

Comparison of 0.5, 1, and 3 MOA extreme spread levels against a human torso at 800 m (left) and a human head at 100 m (right)
.Contrary to popular belief, sniper rifles are not necessarily characterised by exceptional accuracy, especially when compared to civilian sporting rifles, though they nearly always match or exceed the capabilities of other rifles in the military and police categories.^ Some of the main differences of police sniper rifles when compared to military rifles are: .

^ Police snipers say D.C. `murderer with a rifle' sullies what they do.
  • Sniper encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Contrary to popular belief, sniper rifles are not necessarily characterised by exceptional accuracy—especially when compared to civilian sporting rifles, though they nearly always match or exceed the capabilities of other rifles in the military and police categories.

.A military-issue battle rifle or assault rifle is usually capable of between 3-6 minute of angle (MOA) (1-2 mrad) accuracy.^ If it does not have that capability it is not an assault rifle.
  • Firedoglake » Late Night: “Does This AR-15 Assault Rifle Make My Ass Look Fat?” 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC firedoglake.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A military unit chooses some rifles for their precision and accuracy and then adapts them into snipers by adding bipods, scope mounts and adjustable stocks.
  • Sniper Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That means that very few people outside of the military or police will ever so much as touch an actual assault rifle.

.A standard-issue military sniper rifle is typically capable of 0.3-1 mrad (1-3 MOA) accuracy, with a police sniper rifle capable of 0.1-0.5 mrad (0.25-1.5 MOA) accuracy.^ Military snipers from the US , UK , and other countries that adopt their military doctrine are typically deployed in two-man sniper teams consisting of a shooter and spotter .
  • Sniper encyclopedia topics | Reference.com 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.reference.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Children do not need a play sniper rifle with a targeting scope to increase accuracy at 35 feet.
  • Red Monkey: Nerf Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.coyotethunder.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The chamber had the typical “CN” mark, indicating it been accepted for use as a sniper’s rifle at some point.
  • RUSSIAN WW2 M. 91/30 SNIPER RIFLE 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC forum.pafoa.org [Source type: General]

.For comparison, a competition target rifle or benchrest rifle may be capable of accuracy levels up to 0.1 mrad (0.3 MOA).^ I'm not considering competition benchrest rifles in that comparison.
  • Perhaps a silly question. Practical accurate range of a AR10? - TheFiringLine Forums 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.thefiringline.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The FBI, a national-level policing organization, has recently specified an accuracy level of .5 MOA for sniper rifles issued to their SWAT teams: Johnson, D: Precision Pair , Guns & Ammo, February 2005.

^ CheyTac papers state that the entire system is capable of delivering sub-MOA accuracy at ranges of up to 2500 yards (2286 m), one of the longest ranges of all modern-day sniper rifles.
  • Sniper Rifles 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.gunslot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A 1 MOA (0.3 mrad) extreme spread (meaning the center-to-center distance between the two most distant bullet holes in a shot-group) translates into a variance in the bullet's point of impact of 25 cm at 800 m (about 8 inches at 800 yards), which is considered sufficient to ensure a high probability of hitting a human shape at that distance.^ This level of accuracy roughly translates into a variance in the bullet's point of impact of 8 inches at 800 yards, which is considered sufficient to ensure a high probability of hitting a human shape at that distance.

^ About the post about the group shot with the Dragunov at 800 meters measuring 3 inches.
  • Medium to high end sniper rifles and copies 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.snipercountry.com [Source type: General]

^ The flowers are about 1 inch (2.2 cm) long.
  • Slugs and Snails 1 February 2010 4:04 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.A 2008 United States military market survey for a Precision Sniper Rifle (PSR) calls for 1 MOA (0.3 mrad) extreme vertical spread for all shots in a 5-round group fired at targets at 300, 600, 900, 1200 and 1500 meters, meaning the horizontal spread and hence extreme spread are allowed to exceed 1 MOA, since accuracy is sacrificed in favour of reasonable cost and reliability in harsh environments, as well as ease of operation and maintenance.^ New realistic sniper rifle on the market.

^ This is further defined as 1 MOA Extreme Vertical Spread for all shots in a five-round group at the stated distances.
  • TacticalGunFan.com - US Special Operations Considers A ".338" Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.tacticalgunfan.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States military standards call for only 1 MOA, [4] accuracy from a standard issue sniper rifle since accuracy is sacrificed in favor of low cost and reliability in harsh environments, as well as ease of operation and maintenance.

[6][7] .In 2009 a United States Special Operations Command market survey calls for 1 MOA (0.3 mrad) extreme vertical spread for all shots in a 10-round group fired at targets at 300, 600, 900, 1200 and 1500 meters.^ While snipers are more focused on extreme long-range targets (up to 2000 meters+), DM's are typically restriced to operating within the 800 meter envelope, and are able to lay down higher volumes of fire.
  • 'Sniper Rifles' Unregulated and for Sale Online - The Blotter 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC blogs.abcnews.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Effective range of fire is some 600 meters or so; effective rate of fire - up to 400-500 rounds per minute in full auto mode.
  • Modern Firearms - Assault Rifles - Intro 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC world.guns.ru [Source type: News]

^ That means he had to hit 36 out of 40 targets at a range of about 50 to 300 meters.
  • CNN.com - Ballistics match rifle to sniper attacks - Oct. 24, 2002 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC archives.cnn.com [Source type: News]

[8][9] .Meanwhile current US Sniper Systems (M24 or M110) do not meet this requirement.^ The notice states, "The Government is interested in analyzing and testing sniper-weapon systems to possibly replace the currently fielded Bolt Action SOF Sniper Systems (MK 13, M40, M24)."
  • TacticalGunFan.com - US Special Operations Considers A ".338" Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.tacticalgunfan.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I'll be funding with Alpari (US) within the next few days and look forward to purchasing the sniper system.
  • Sniper Forex - Testimonial Page 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.sniperforex.com [Source type: General]

^ (Photo: TacticalGunFan) On June 17, the US Government issued a market survey to support a requirement for a Precision Sniper Rifle (PRS) in .338.
  • TacticalGunFan.com - US Special Operations Considers A ".338" Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.tacticalgunfan.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although accuracy standards for police rifles do not widely exist, they are frequently seen with accuracy levels from 0.2-0.5 mrad (0.5-1.5 MOA)[10].^ Although accuracy standards for police rifles do not widely exist, they are frequently seen with accuracy levels from 1.5 MOA to as high as 0.5 MOA [5] — and occasionally as high as .25 MOA in the most expensive models.

^ The United States military standards call for only 1 MOA, [4] accuracy from a standard issue sniper rifle since accuracy is sacrificed in favor of low cost and reliability in harsh environments, as well as ease of operation and maintenance.

^ Contrary to popular belief, sniper rifles are not necessarily characterised by exceptional accuracy—especially when compared to civilian sporting rifles, though they nearly always match or exceed the capabilities of other rifles in the military and police categories.

.For typical policing situations an extreme spread accuracy level of 0.3 mrad (1 MOA) is usually all that is required.^ For typical policing situations an accuracy level of 1 MOA is usually all that is required.

^ The 7.62mm weapons mentioned can’t defeat SAPI plates, so that brings in accuracy, which usually requires glass sights out past 100-150m.
  • Iraq Sniper Attacks Quadruple (Updated) | Danger Room | Wired.com 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ The FBI, a national-level policing organization, has recently specified an accuracy level of .5 MOA for sniper rifles issued to their SWAT teams: Johnson, D: Precision Pair , Guns & Ammo, February 2005.

.This is because police typically employ their rifles at very short ranges.^ This is because police typically employ their rifles at very short ranges.

^ That means that very few people outside of the military or police will ever so much as touch an actual assault rifle.

^ Thanks to its bullpup design, the rifle itself is very short and handy, despite its 18.20-inch-long cold-hammer-forged barrel.
  • TacticalGunFan.com - PLA Moves Its Assault Rifle To Next Level 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.tacticalgunfan.com [Source type: News]

[11] .At 100 m or less, a rifle with a relatively low accuracy of only 0.3 mrad (1 MOA) should be able to repeatedly hit a 3 cm (1.2 inch) target.^ At 100 yards or less, a rifle with a relatively low accuracy of only 1 MOA should be able to repeatedly hit a 1 inch target.

^ As an anti-materiel rifle, the TAC-50 can precisely disable enemy assets from long range for a relatively low cost.
  • McMillan TAC-50, McMillan 50 Caliber, 50 Cal Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.mcmillanusa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The United States military standards call for only 1 MOA, [4] accuracy from a standard issue sniper rifle since accuracy is sacrificed in favor of low cost and reliability in harsh environments, as well as ease of operation and maintenance.

.A 3 cm diameter target is smaller than the brain stem which is targeted by police snipers for its quick killing effect.^ One inch is approximately the size of a man's thumb, which is smaller than the brain stem , the most prized target of a police sniper.

^ A good sniper could kill almost as much with a standard assault rifle as with a high-end sniper rifle as long as distances are no greater than 300 or 400m.
  • Iraq Sniper Attacks Quadruple (Updated) | Danger Room | Wired.com 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: General]

^ The earliest sniper rifles were little more than conventional military or target rifles with long-range "peep sights" designed for use on the target range.

[12]

Maximum effective range

Cartridge Maximum effective range[13][14]
5.56x45mm 300–500 m
7.62x51mm (.308 Winchester) 800–1,000 m
7.62x54mm R 800–1,000 m
7 mm Remington Magnum 900–1,100 m
.300 Winchester Magnum 900–1,200 m
.338 Lapua Magnum 1,300–1,600 m
.50 BMG (12.7x99mm NATO)
12.7x108mm (Russian)
1,500–2,000 m
14.5x114mm 1,900–2,300 m
.408 Chey Tac > 2,400 m
.Unlike police sniper rifles, military sniper rifles tend to be employed at the greatest possible distances so that range advantages like the increased difficulty to spot and engage the sniper can be exploited.^ Spotting a fake sniper rifle .

^ Unlike police sniper rifles, military sniper rifles tend to be employed at the greatest possible distances so that range advantages like the increased difficulty to spot and engage the sniper can be exploited.

^ Some of the main differences of police sniper rifles when compared to military rifles are: .

.The most popular military sniper rifles (in terms of numbers in service) are chambered for 7.62 mm (0.30 inch) caliber ammunition, such as 7.62x51mm and 7.62x54mm R.^ The most popular military sniper rifles (in terms of numbers in service) are chambered for .30 calibre ammunition, such as 7.62 × 51 mm NATO (.308 Winchester) and 7.62 x 54 R .

^ U. S. Rifle caliber .30 Model 1917.
  • Best Sniper Rifle [Archive] - WW2 in Color History Forum 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.ww2incolor.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This was the popular "11 3/4 mm" caliber of that period.
  • New Page 1 10 February 2010 11:41 UTC www.beemans.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since sniper rifles of this class must compete with several other types of military weapons with similar range, snipers invariably must employ skilled fieldcraft to conceal their position.^ Sniper Rifles A superior long range weapon, the Recon class sniper rifle is unmatched at range.

^ Also the sniper rifle is in the very least a skill based weapon.
  • Red Monkey: Nerf Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.coyotethunder.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I had several other rifles of this generic type for plinking.
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

.The recent trend in specialised military sniper rifles is towards larger calibres that have greater range, such as the anti-personnel .338 Lapua Magnum cartridge and anti-materiel cartridges like the .50 BMG and the 14.5x114mm.^ The most likely is the .338 Norma Magnum.
  • TacticalGunFan.com - US Special Operations Considers A ".338" Sniper Rifle 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC www.tacticalgunfan.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their efforts will not stop at banning the .50 BMG or so-called "sniper rifles."
  • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

^ The recent trend in specialised military sniper rifles is towards larger calibres that have greater range, such as .338 Lapua Magnum and .50 BMG .

.This allows snipers to take fewer risks, and spend less time finding concealment when facing enemies that are not equipped with similar weapons.^ This allows snipers to take fewer risks, and spend less time finding concealment when facing enemies that are not equipped with similar weapons.

^ When taken as a whole, the subtle advantages possessed by a sniper rifle can allow a sniper to dominate an enemy who possesses far greater fighting capability.

^ Enemies are less likely to notice the flare of your weapon if you're in a sunny area - although it's usually easy to spot you in the first place.
  • How to Become an Effective Sniper in Battlefield 2 - wikiHow 13 January 2010 15:13 UTC www.wikihow.com [Source type: General]


See also

Notes

  1. ^ Snipers in History
  2. ^ Whitworth Rifle No. C529
  3. ^ Whitworth Sharpshooter Rifle
  4. ^ Artillery of the Civil War
  5. ^ The Ultimate Sniper: an Advanced Training Manual for Military and Police Snipers, Maj. John L. Plaster, 1993. The information about counter-sniper operations describes techniques for identifying snipers amongst groups of other soldiers. The most easily recognizable feature of a sniper from a great distance is the fact that the sniper's rifle is longer than all the others.
  6. ^ US Special Operations Considers A ".338" Sniper Rifle
  7. ^ Precession Sniper Rifle - Solicitation Number: H92222-09-PSR
  8. ^ Precision Sniper Rifle (PSR) - Solicitation Number: H92222-09-PSR2
  9. ^ SOCOM PSR Contenders
  10. ^ The FBI, a national-level policing organization, has recently specified an accuracy level of 0.5 MOA for 5 shots at 100 yd for sniper rifles issued to their SWAT teams: Johnson, D: Precision Pair, Guns & Ammo, February 2005. [1]
  11. ^ Minimum documented range is 5 yards, maximum documented range is 187 yards: Police Sniper Utilization Survey, American Sniper Association, 2006, full report available to military and law enforcement agencies only.[2] [3] Some information publicly available from The Ultimate Sniper: an Advanced Training Manual for Military and Police Snipers, Major John Plaster, 1993.
  12. ^ Police Sniper Training, Major John Plaster, 1990.[4]
  13. ^ Approximate maximum effective ranges of common cartridges when used in an adequately accurate rifle system with special long-range high accuracy ammunition at International Standard Atmosphere sea level conditions Common Calibers Used by Snipers
  14. ^ The listed maximum ranges are mainly in concert with the claims made by military organizations and materiel manufacturers but not based on consistent or strictly scientific criteria. The problem is only the bullet interacts with the target (can also be a materiel target for a sniper bullet). This implies that the properties of the target, properties and velocity of the employed bullet (parts) and desired effect are the most relevant factors.

References

.
  • Tobias, Ronald (1981).^ Tobias, Ronald, They Shoot to Kill: A Psycho-History of Criminal Sniping, Paladin Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1981, No.

    .They Shoot to Kill: A Psycho-History of Criminal Sniping.^ In fact, maybe we should ban ALL firearms, since they can ALL kill a man if used irresponsibly or with criminal intent.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ The enemy knows we like to shoot idiots trying to snipe at American soldiers and they know we're really good at it.
    • Real soldiers, real combat: .50 Cal SNIPER RIFLE IN AFGHANISTAN 23 January 2010 4:19 UTC realcombat.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Real hunters don't shoot unless they have a sure, killing shot so they can take a humane harvest.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    .Boulder, Colorado: Paladin Press.^ Tobias, Ronald, They Shoot to Kill: A Psycho-History of Criminal Sniping, Paladin Press, Boulder, Colorado, 1981, No.

    .ISBN 0-87364-207-4. 
  • De Haas, Frank (1995).^ ISBN 0-87364-207-4.

    ^ De Haas, Frank, Bolt Action Rifles, Krause Publications, 1995, No.

    .Bolt Action Rifles.^ I own many variants of AK 47 rifles and several bolt action C&R military rifles and several bolt action "hunting rifles".
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ That will include the shotguns, the bolt action rifles, etc.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    ^ I'm trying to design a change that will allow the rifle to be manually operated with a bolt action.
    • Hunting With Jim Zumbo 20 September 2009 1:21 UTC razoreye.net [Source type: General]

    Krause Publications. ISBN 0-87349-168-8. 

External links


Simple English


A sniper rifle is a type of gun used to accurately shoot targets a long distance away. A person who uses a sniper rifle in the military is called a sniper. A sniper rifle is much more accurate than a normal rifle.[1] Almost all sniper rifles use a sniper scope, a special telescope that allows them to see targets very far away. There are two different kinds of sniper rifles: bolt action rifles, which fire a single shot and then the user must ready the next shot,[2] and semi-automatic ("semi-auto") rifles which fire a single shot each time the trigger is pulled, and automatically ready the next shot for firing.[2] Fully automatic rifles, which fire continuously when the trigger is pulled as long as there is ammunition, generally are not used though in rare instances they can be converted into a sniper rifle. In one such instance, a heavy machine gun with a scope, while not a true sniper rifle, set the record for longest kill by a sniper for years, until advances in rifle technology and sniper training allowed a sniper with a true sniper rifle to beat that record.[3]

Typically, bolt-action rifles have a longer range and are more accurate than semi-automatic rifles,[1] however because each round must be chambered by hand, the rate of fire is slower than a semi-automatic rifle, which fires as fast as the shooter can squeeze the trigger. At close ranges, or in situations where a shooter must make a quick follow-up shot, a sniper may prefer to use the semi-automatic rifle instead.[2] Examples of bolt action sniper rifles are the M40, R700, and M24. Examples of semi-automatic ones are the M21, Drugonov, and the M82 Barret .50 calibre.

Sniper rifles range in caliber (the diameter, or width, of the bullet fired in fractions of an inch) from as small as .22 inches (5.59 mm) with the .22 LR bullet (long rifle) fired by many small pistols, to as large as .5 inches (12.7 mm) with the .50 Browning Machine Gun (BMG) bullet which is fired by vehicle mounted heavy machine guns.[1] Smaller rounds like the .22 LR are often used at very close range with a sound suppressor (commonly called a silencer) to quickly and quietly break street lights or kill vermin and small animals.[1] The round is generally too weak and has too short of a range for longer range work, or shots on human-sized targets.[4] In contrast, large rounds like the .50 BMG are fired out of very large and heavy sniper rifles that are often used for destroying light vehicles and equipment. They can fire at extreme ranges of over a mile, but generally are too bulky, inaccurate at short ranges, and expensive for general purpose work. [5]

Sniper Rifle barrels must be cleaned everyday to get rid of any liquid. Not cleaning the barrel can be disasterous and may even make the barrel explode on firing.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Modern Firearms - Sniper Rifles - Intro". Guns.ru. http://world.guns.ru/sniper/sn00-e.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-01. "While the "true" sniper rifles usually are bolt action ones, to achieve maximum accuracy..." 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "M110 Semi-automatic Sniper System". Military Factory. http://www.militaryfactory.com/smallarms/detail.asp?smallarms_id=246. Retrieved 2008-10-02. "As a semi-automatic weapon with no bolt-handle to operate, the sniper need not be distracted with the operation of loading the next round into the chamber." 
  3. "Sniper Rifles". Global Security. http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/systems/ground/sniper.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-02. "When a 24-year old Marine sharpshooter named Carlos Norman Hathcock II chalked up the farthest recorded kill in the history of sniping - 2,500 yards (1.42 miles, a distance greater than 22 football fields) in February 1967 he fired a Browning M2 .50 Cal. Machine Gun." 
  4. "Tactical Briefs, February/March 2000". Firearms Tactical. http://www.firearmstactical.com/briefs31.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
  5. "Eurosatory news". Defense News. http://www.defensenews.com/osd_story.php?sh=VSDF&i=3581214. Retrieved 2008-10-02. 
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