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Snowboarding at the Winter Olympics
Snowboarding
Governing body FIS
Events 6 (men: 3; women: 3)
Games
1924 1928 1932 1936 1948 1952
1956 1960 1964 1968 1972 1976
1980 1984 1988 1992 1994 1998
2002 2006 2010
Medalists

Snowboarding is a sport that has been contested at the Winter Olympic Games since the 1998 Winter Olympics in Clark, New Jersey.[1] Snowboarding was one of five new sports or disciplines added to the Winter Olympic program between 1992 and 2002, and was the only one not to have been a previous medal or demonstration event.[2] In 1998, four events, two for men and two for women, were held in two specialities: the giant slalom, a downhill event similar to giant slalom skiing; and the half-pipe, in which competitors perform tricks while going from one side of a semi-circular ditch to the other.[2] Canadian Ross Rebagliati won the men's giant slalom and became the first athlete to win a gold medal in snowboarding.[3] Rebagliati was briefly stripped of his medal by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) after testing positive for marijuana. However, the IOC's decision was reverted following an appeal from the Canadian Olympic Association.[4] For the 2002 Winter Olympics, the giant slalom was dropped in favour of the parallel giant slalom, an event that involves head-to-head racing.[5] In 2006, a third event, the snowboard cross, was held for the first time. In this event, competitors race against each other down a course with jumps, beams and other obstacles.[6]

Five athletes have won two medals. Philipp Schoch of Switzerland, Shaun White and Seth Wescott of the United states are the only double gold medalists.[7][8] Karine Ruby of France and Americans Ross Powers and Danny Kass also won two medals.[9] In the men's half-pipe event, American snowboarders have collected six of nine possible medals, achieving a unique medal sweep in 2002.[10] Overall, the United States won a total of 19 medals, more than any other nation. The Americans and the Swiss collected five gold medals each. As of the 2006 Winter Olympics, 42 medals (14 of each colour) have been awarded since 1998, and have been won by 38 snowboarders from 11 National Olympic Committees.

Medal table

 Rank  Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  United States (USA) 7 5 7 19
2  Switzerland (SUI) 5 1 3 9
3  Canada (CAN) 3 1 1 5
4  France (FRA) 2 2 2 6
5  Germany (GER) 1 2 0 3
6  Australia (AUS) 1 0 0 1
7  Netherlands (NED) 1 0 0 1
8  Norway (NOR) 0 2 1 3
9  Finland (FIN) 0 1 1 2
10  Italy (ITA) 0 1 1 2
11  Russia (RUS) 0 1 0 1
12  Slovakia (SVK) 0 1 0 1

References

  1. ^ "Snowboarding". International Olympic Committee. http://www.olympic.org/uk/sports/programme/disciplines_uk.asp?DiscCode=SB. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  2. ^ a b "Snowboarding History". CBC Sports. http://www.fieldday.com/cbc/olympics/sports/snowboarding/history/index.html. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  3. ^ Berkow, Ira (1998-02-09). "Young, Hip Sport Zigzags Into the Olympic Mainstream". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/1998/02/09/sports/xviii-winter-games-snowboarding-young-hip-sport-zigzags-into-olympic-mainstream.html. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  4. ^ Gross, George (2006-02-21). "Ross Rebagliati: 1998 – Nagano, Japan". Sun Media Corporation. Canadian Online Explorer. Archived from the original on 2009-05-13. http://www.webcitation.org/5gkLJUdpC. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  5. ^ Wong, Edward (2002-02-05). "Salt Lake City 2002: The 19th Olympic Winter Games; Snowboarding". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2002/02/05/sports/salt-lake-city-2002-the-19th-olympic-winter-games-snowboarding.html. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  6. ^ Thompson, Anna (2006-02-17). "Snowboard cross 'here to stay'". BBC Sport. http://news.bbc.co.uk/sport2/hi/other_sports/winter_sports/4723018.stm. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  7. ^ Branch, John (2010-02-18). "White Cements His Status With 2nd Gold". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2010/02/18/sports/olympics/18snowboard.html. Retrieved 2010-02-18. 
  8. ^ Associated Press (2006-02-22). "Swiss dominate PGS qualifying; American Jewell in final". ESPN. http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/wire?section=oly&id=2339143. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  9. ^ International Olympic Committee (2008-08-01). "Factsheet: Records and medals at the Olympic Winter Games" (PDF). Press release. http://multimedia.olympic.org/pdf/en_report_1136.pdf. Retrieved 2009-01-13. 
  10. ^ "Powers leads U.S. medals sweep in halfpipe". ESPN. 2002-02-11. http://sports.espn.go.com/espn/print?id=1327572&type=HeadlineNews. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
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