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Soccer-specific stadium (or football-specific stadium) is a term used mainly in the United States, Canada and Australia, coined by Lamar Hunt, to refer to a sports stadium whose primary purpose is to host association football (soccer) matches. A SSS (FSS) may host other events such as other sporting events (mostly lacrosse, gridiron football and rugby football), and concerts, but the design and purpose of an SSS is centered on soccer. Some facilities (namely Toyota Park, Pizza Hut Park, and Columbus Crew Stadium) have a permanent stage at one end of the stadium used for the express purpose of staging concerts.

A SSS typically has amenities, dimensions and scale suitable for soccer in North America, including a scoreboard, video screen, luxury suites and possibly even a roof. The field dimensions are within the range found optimal by FIFA — 110-120 yards (100-110m) long by 70-80 yards (64-75m) wide,[1] wider than the regulation American football field width of 53⅓ yards. Lastly, the seating capacity is generally small enough to provide an intimate setting, between 18,000 - 30,000 for a Major League Soccer (MLS) franchise, or between 5,000 - 15,000 for a franchise in the United Soccer Leagues (whose attendance is subject to more variation), as opposed to the much larger American football stadiums in which most MLS teams were compelled to play at the league's inception (generally 60,000 - 80,000). The seating capacity for USL Premier Development League fields ranges from 1,000-5,000. The first major SSS in Canada is BMO Field in Toronto, Ontario.

The term "football-specific stadium" is sometimes used in countries where the sport is known as football, although it is not as common in countries where football is the dominant sport and thus football-specific stadia are quite common, or in countries where baseball is dominant (Far East, Central America and the Caribbean). The term tends to have a slightly different meaning in these countries, usually referring to a stadium without an athletics track surrounding the pitch.

Contents

List of soccer-specific stadiums

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Major League Soccer (MLS)

Current MLS stadiums

Stadium Club(s) City Capacity Opened Cost (Millions USD)
Columbus Crew Stadium Columbus Crew Columbus, OH 22,685 1999 28.5
The Home Depot Center Los Angeles Galaxy,
C.D. Chivas USA[2]
Carson, CA 27,000 2003 150
Pizza Hut Park FC Dallas[3] Frisco, TX 21,193 2005 80
Toyota Park Chicago Fire[4] Bridgeview, IL 20,000 2006 98
Dick's Sporting Goods Park Colorado Rapids Commerce City, CO 19,680 2007 130
BMO Field Toronto FC Toronto, ON 20,522 2007 62.5
Rio Tinto Stadium Real Salt Lake Sandy, UT 20,008 2008 115
Red Bull Arena New York Red Bulls Harrison, NJ 25,189 2010 220
PPL Park Philadelphia Union[5] Chester, PA ~18,500 2010 115*
Renovated PGE Park Portland Timbers Portland, OR ~17,000[6] 2011* 31*
Wizards Stadium Complex at Village West Kansas City Wizards Kansas City, KS ~18,500 2011* 165*

* = projected

Proposed soccer-specific stadiums

Club(s) Proposed stadium Proposed stadium capacity City of proposed stadium Current Stadium(s) Capacity of current stadium Stadium in current city
Houston Dynamo New Houston Dynamo Stadium ~22,000 Houston, TX Robertson Stadium 32,000 Houston, TX
San Jose Earthquakes New Earthquakes Stadium ~15,000 San Jose, CA Buck Shaw Stadium 10,300 Santa Clara, CA
Proposed MLS Ottawa Expansion Team Ottawa Soccer Stadium 20,000-30,000 Kanata, Ottawa, ON, Canada Proposed Expansion Team, no stadium yet N/A N/A
Proposed MLS St. Louis Expansion Team[7] Collinsville Soccer Complex 18,500 Collinsville, IL Proposed Expansion Team, no stadium yet N/A N/A
Vancouver MLS Expansion Team Whitecaps Waterfront Stadium 15,000-30,000; 22,000-59,000 Gastown, Downtown Vancouver, BC, Canada Swangard Stadium - Vancouver Whitecaps FC 6,868 Burnaby, BC, Canada

United Soccer Leagues (USL) and USSF Division 2

Current USL/USSF 2 stadiums

Stadium Club(s) Division City Capacity Opened
Lusitano Stadium Western Mass Pioneers Second Ludlow, MA 3,000 1918
Legion Stadium Wilmington Hammerheads Second Wilmington, NC 5,300 1930s?
Ezell Park Nashville Metros PDL Nashville, TN 1,317 1950s?
City Park Stadium Westchester Flames PDL New Rochelle, NY 1,845 1970s?
Juan Ramón Loubriel Stadium Puerto Rico Islanders USSF 2 Bayamon, PR 15,000 1974
Anheuser-Busch Center A.C. St. Louis
Saint Louis Athletica
USSF 2
WPS
Fenton, MO 6,000 1982
Busch Field Virginia Legacy
William & Mary Tribe
PDL
NCAA
Williamsburg, VA 2,271 1984
National Sports Center Minnesota Thunder USSF 2 Blaine, MN 12,000 1990
David Maus Soccer Complex Central Florida Kraze PDL Lake Mary, FL 3,666(?) 1995(?)
Virginia Beach Sportsplex Hampton Roads Piranhas PDL Virginia Beach, VA 10,000 1999
Blackbaud Stadium Charleston Battery Second Charleston, SC 5,113 1999
WakeMed Soccer Park Carolina RailHawks USSF 2 Cary, NC 7,000 2002
Macpherson Stadium Carolina Dynamo PDL Greensboro, NC 1,600 2002
Invaders Soccer Complex Indiana Invaders PDL Mishawaka, IN 4,985 2004
Patriot Stadium El Paso Patriots PDL El Paso, TX 3,000 2005
RE/MAX Greater Atlanta Stadium Atlanta Silverbacks Suspended operations for 2010; formerly First Atlanta, GA 5,000 2006
Marina Auto Stadium Rochester Rhinos USSF 2 Rochester, NY 13,500 2006
Saputo Stadium Montreal Impact USSF 2 Montreal, QC 13,000 2008

Proposed soccer-specific stadiums

Club(s) Proposed stadium Proposed stadium capacity Division City Current/Former Stadium Capacity
Des Moines Menace Liberty Bank Stadium PDL West Des Moines, IA Valley High School Football-Soccer Stadium 8,300
FC Tampa Bay Rowdies Unnamed/Rowdies Stadium USSF 2 Tampa, FL George M. Steinbrenner Field 11,000
Sevilla FC Puerto Rico Sevilla FC Stadium 13,500 PRSL Juncos, Puerto Rico Alfredo "Papo" Alejandro Stadium N\A

Other soccer-specific stadiums

Stadium Club(s) Division City Capacity Opened
King George V Park National Stadium
Memorial Sea-Hawks
CONCACAF
CIS
St. John's, NL 10,000 1925
WRAL Soccer Center CASL teams CASL Raleigh, NC 3,200 1990s
Waipio Peninsula Soccer Stadium Hawaiʻi Rainbow Wahine
Various
NCAA
Local
Waipiʻo, HI 4,500 2000
Mike Rose Soccer Complex Memphis Tigers
Various
NCAA
Local
Memphis, TN 2,500 2001
Starfire Sports Complex Seattle Sounders FC (some cup matches)
Seattle Sounders Women
Various
MLS
W-League
PCSL
Tukwila, WA 2,000 2002
Morrison Stadium Creighton Bluejays
Various
NCAA
Local
Omaha, NE 6,000 2003
Uihlein Soccer Park MSOE Raiders
Various
NCAA
Local
Milwaukee, WI 7,000 1994
Yurcak Field Rutgers Scarlet Knights
Sky Blue FC
NCAA
WPS
Piscataway, NJ 5,000 1994
Maryland SoccerPlex Washington Freedom WPS Germantown, MD[8] 5,128 2000
Orange Beach Sportsplex Local teams Local Orange Beach, AL 1,500 2001
New KSU Stadium Kennesaw State Owls
Atlanta Beat
NCAA
WPS
Kennesaw, GA 8,300 2010

Past soccer-specific stadiums

Stadium Club(s) City Capacity Opened Years Used Status
Bethlehem Steel Athletic Field Bethlehem Steel S.C. Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 1913
Mark's Stadium Fall River Marksmen
Fall River F.C.
North Tiverton, Rhode Island 15,000 1922

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ "Laws of the Game 2006" (PDF). FIFA. July 2006. p. 6. http://www.fifa.com/mm/document/affederation/federation/lotg2006_e_1581.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-22.  Although the official Laws of the Game allow for pitches in adult matches to be 100-130 yards (90-120m) long by 50-100 yards (45-90m) wide, the more restrictive range is specified for international matches.
  2. ^ Was also used by the Los Angeles Sol of Women's Professional Soccer in that team's only season in 2009.
  3. ^ One of several possible stadiums considered for use by the Dallas Sting when they enter WPS, originally scheduled for 2010 but now pushed back to an indeterminate future date.
  4. ^ Also used by the Chicago Red Stars of WPS.
  5. ^ Also to be used by Philadelphia Independence, slated to enter WPS in 2010.
  6. ^ http://www.oregonlive.com/portland/index.ssf/2009/09/pge_park_would_have_similar_ca.html
  7. ^ The stadium will also be used by Saint Louis Athletica of WPS.
  8. ^ The stadium is located in Germantown, but has a Boyds postal address.

External links


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