Social Democratic Party of Switzerland: Wikis

  
  
  

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Social Democratic Party of Switzerland
German name Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schweiz (SP)
French name Parti socialiste suisse (PS)
Italian name Partito Socialista Svizzero (PS)
Romansh name Partida Socialdemocrata de la Svizra (PS)
President Christian Levrat
Members of the Swiss Federal Council Micheline Calmy-Rey and Moritz Leuenberger
Founded 21 October 1888
Headquarters Spitalgasse 34
CH-3001 Berne
Ideology Social democracy
International affiliation Socialist International
European affiliation Party of European Socialists (observer)
Official colours Red
Website
www.sp-ps.ch
Politics of Switzerland
Political parties
Elections
Swiss Federal Council
Federal Chancellor
Federal Assembly
Council of States (members)
National Council (members)
Voting

The Social Democratic Party of Switzerland (also rendered as Swiss Socialist Party; German: Sozialdemokratische Partei der Schweiz, SP; French: Parti socialiste suisse, PS; Italian: Partito Socialista Svizzero; Romansh: Partida Socialdemocrata de la Svizra) is a political party in Switzerland.

It was founded on October 21, 1888, and is currently the second largest of the four leading coalition political parties in Switzerland. It is the left-most party with representatives in the Swiss Federal Council. It is also the second largest political party in the Swiss parliament. The current members in the Swiss Federal Council are: Micheline Calmy-Rey and Moritz Leuenberger.

SP is the most pro-European party in Switzerland, and supports an immediate entry into the European Union. However, among the other political parties and among the Swiss popular electorate there is not enough support to vote for an entry into the European Union.

Contents

History

The party was a member of the Labour and Socialist International between 1927 and 1940.[1]

Party Platform

The SP represents classical social democratic stances in its policies. To that rule, the SP stands for a government offering strong public services, against far-reaching economic liberalism, for social progressivism, in favour of Environmental policy and mitigation of global warming, for an open foreign policy, and a national security policy which rests on pacifism.

Therefore, in economic, financial, and social welfare policy, the SP rejects economical liberal policies such as deregulation, lowering taxes for high-income citizens, and decreases in government spending for social insurances. The SP also opposes raising the retirement age. In addition, the SP is a proponent of increasing government spending in some areas such as a publicly financed maternity leave, universal healthcare and a flexible retirement age. In tax policy the SP opposes the notion of lowering taxes for high-income citizens. By campaigning for the harmonization of all tax rates in Switzerland, the SP seeks more redistribution. The SP is skeptical toward the privatization of state enterprises. Nonetheless, the SP also promotes more competition in the areas of agriculture and parallel imports.

In social policy, the SP is committed to social equity and an open society. Thus, the SP aims at making working conditions for women in families easier by promoting more external childcare centers and more opportunities for part-time jobs. It also aims at reinforcing gender equality in terms of eliminating wage differences based on gender, supported civil union for homosexuals and taking an easier stance toward abortions. The SP also rejects strengthening laws toward asylum seekers and immigrants. Furthermore, it supports the integration of immigrants by which the immigrants are assigned to immigration procedures immediately after entering the country. The SP has a liberal stance toward drugs and is in favor of publicly regulated heroin consumption and the legalization of cannabis. Nevertheless, the SP supports the smoking ban in restaurants and bars.

In foreign policy the SP promotes further participation on the part of Switzerland in international organizations. It supports immediate entry of Switzerland into the European Union. The SP also stands for a less strict neutrality of Switzerland, which supports increased international efforts on the part of Switzerland in the areas of peace and human rights. Furthermore, the SP supports keeping the military neutrality and opposes entry into the NATO. Its pacifist stance is also reflected in its military policy: The SP supports reducing the number of Swiss militia while making the military apparatus more professional and scrapping the conscription. Another demand of the SP is to end the tradition of gun ownership, using severe and recent examples of abuse in terms of murder as proof.

Together with the Green Party of Switzerland, the SP has common environmentalist policies, which are reflected in the expansion of ecotax reforms and increased state support for energy saving measures and renewable energies. The SP is against the construction of new roads where possible and instead proposes to shift the transportation of good from the roads to the railways and the introduction of a cap and trade and traffic management system when it comes to transportation across the Swiss Alps. Furthermore, the SP stands for an expansion of the public transportation system network and opposes nuclear energy.

Popular support

In 2003, it held 52 mandates (out of 200) in the Swiss National Council (first chamber of the Swiss parliament); 9 (out of 46) in the second chamber and 2 out of 7 mandates in the Swiss Federal Council (executive body). By 2005, it held 23,8% of the seats in the Swiss Cantonal governments and 23,2% in the Swiss Cantonal parliaments (index "BADAC", weighted with the population and number of seats). At the last legislative elections on 22 October 2007, the party won 19,5 % of the popular vote and 43 out of 200 seats. [2]

Presidents

1888-1889 Alexander Reichel
1890-1891 Albert Steck
1892-1894 Eugen Wullschleger
1894-1896 Wilhelm Fürholz
1897 Karl Zgraggen
1898 Paul Brandt
1898-1901 Otto Lang
1901-1902 Joseph Albisser
1902-1908 Gottfried Reimann
1909-1910 Eduard Kessler
1911 Hans Näher
1912-1916 Fritz Studer
1916-1917 Emil Klöti
1918 Jakob Gschwend
1919 Gustav Müller
1919-1936 Ernst Reinhard
1937-1952 Hans Oprecht
1953-1962 Walther Bringolf
1962-1970 Fritz Grüter
1970-1974 Arthur Schmid
1974-1990 Helmut Hubacher
1990-1997 Peter Bodenmann
1997-2000 Ursula Koch
2000-2004 Christiane Brunner
2004-2008 Hans-Jürg Fehr
Since 2008 Christian Levrat

Members of the Swiss Federal Council

1943-1951 Ernst Nobs
1951-1953 Max Weber
1959-1969 Willy Spühler
1959-1973 Hans-Peter Tschudi
1969-1977 Pierre Graber
1973-1983 Willy Ritschard
1977-1987 Pierre Aubert
1987-1993 René Felber
1983-1995 Otto Stich
1993-2002 Ruth Dreifuss
Since 1995 Moritz Leuenberger
Since 2002 Micheline Calmy-Rey

References

  1. ^ Kowalski, Werner. Geschichte der sozialistischen arbeiter-internationale: 1923 - 19. Berlin: Dt. Verl. d. Wissenschaften, 1985. p. 323
  2. ^ Nationalrat 2007

External links








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