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A Social Security card issued in Florida in 1982
.Social Security in the United States currently refers to the federal Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program.^ Social Security disability .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The original article was at Social Security (United States) .
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Benefits at age 66 .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The original Social Security Act[1] (1935) and the current version of the Act, as amended[2] encompass several social welfare and social insurance programs.^ "The unsuspected radicalism of the Social Security Act."
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Social Security Act of 1935 was part of a broad legislative program to counteract the depression.
  • KING V. SMITH, 392 U. S. 309 (1968) -- US Supreme Court Cases from Justia & Oyez 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC supreme.justia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Social Security Act 1964 .
  • Social Security Act 1964 No 136 (as at 05 January 2010), Public Act – New Zealand Legislation 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.legislation.govt.nz [Source type: Academic]

The larger and better known programs are:
.U.S. Social Security is a social insurance program funded through dedicated payroll taxes called Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA).^ "The unsuspected radicalism of the Social Security Act."
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Tax papers .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Act 1964 .
  • Social Security Act 1964 No 136 (as at 05 January 2010), Public Act – New Zealand Legislation 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.legislation.govt.nz [Source type: Academic]

.Tax deposits are formally entrusted to[3] the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund, the Federal Disability Insurance Trust Fund, the Federal Hospital Insurance Trust Fund, or the Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund.^ SS benefits will be paid out of current taxes, as would be the case if there were no "trust fund" at all.

^ Getting married and Retirement,Survivor Disable & Insurance My fiance he is not disable but I am.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CALCULATIONS: 2041: (3,898,638 - 3,085,670) / 3,898,638 = .21 2082: (23,739,110 - 18,023,648) / 23,739,110 = .24 [55] The 2001 Annual Report of the Board of Trustees of the Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance Trust Funds.” The Board of Trustees of the Federal OASDI Trust Funds , March 19, 2001.
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

.The main part of the program is sometimes abbreviated OASDI (Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance) or RSDI (Retirement, Survivors, and Disability Insurance).^ Old-age insurance .
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Retirement, auxiliary, survivors, and disability benefits .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The main part of the program is sometimes abbreviated (OASDI), in reference to its three beneficiaries (OA for retirement, S for widows and survivors income, D for the disabled, and I for insurance).
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When initially signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1935 as part of his New Deal, the term Social Security covered unemployment insurance as well.^ Democratic President Bill Clinton signed it into law.
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ New social security card .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Groups not covered by Social Security .
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The term, in everyday speech, is used to refer only to the benefits for retirement, disability, survivorship, and death, which are the four main benefits provided by traditional private-sector pension plans.^ The term, in everyday speech, is used to refer only to the benefits for retirement, disability, survivorship, and death, which are the four main benefits provided by traditional private-sector pension plans.
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^ Teacher Retirement and death benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Retirement, auxiliary, survivors, and disability benefits .
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.In 2004 the U.S. Social Security system paid out almost $500 billion in benefits.^ Social security Spouse benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social security benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Widow Social Security benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4] .By dollars paid, the U.S. Social Security program is the largest government program in the world and the single greatest expenditure in the federal budget, with 20.8% for social security, compared to 20.5% for discretionary defense and 20.1% for Medicare/Medicaid.^ The federal government pays back the money that the Social Security program has loaned to it with interest.
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Social Security program has an independent budget that is separate from the rest of the federal government.
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ By dollars paid, the U.S. Social Security program is the largest government program in the world.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5] .Social Security is currently the largest social insurance program in the U.S., constituting 37% of government expenditure and 7% of the gross domestic product[6] and is currently estimated to keep roughly 40% of all Americans age 65 or older out of poverty.^ Social Security is currently the largest social insurance program in the U.S., constituting 37% of government expenditure and 7% of the gross domestic product [ 6 ] and is currently estimated to keep roughly 40% of all Americans age 65 or older out of poverty.
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^ I also, have 40 quarters in Social Security.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Benefits at age 66 .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[7] .The Social Security Administration is headquartered in Woodlawn, Maryland, just to the west of Baltimore.^ The Social Security Administration is headquartered in Woodlawn , Maryland , just to the west of Baltimore .
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^ Social Security Administration · Social Security number .
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^ Administration of the Social Security Scheme 59.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.Social Security privatization became a major political issue for more than three decades during the presidencies of Gerald Ford, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Bill Clinton, and George W. Bush.^ Social Security discourages private savings.

^ The Social Security program spends more money than it brings in.
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It's More Than Social Security (washingtonpost.com) .
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

History

.A limited form of the Social Security program began as a measure to implement "social insurance" during the Great Depression of the 1930s, when poverty rates among senior citizens exceeded 50%.^ Social Security benefits for non citizen .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security tax rates are as follows: .
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ A limited form of the Social Security program began as a measure to implement " social insurance " during the Great Depression of the 1930s, when poverty rates among senior citizens exceeded 50%.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]

Creation: The Social Security Act

.
President Roosevelt signs the Social Security Act, at approximately 3:30 pm EST on August 14, 1935.[9] Standing with Roosevelt are Rep. Robert Doughton (D-NC); unknown person in shadow; Sen. Robert Wagner (D-NY); Rep.
^ "The unsuspected radicalism of the Social Security Act."
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Act 1964 .
  • Social Security Act 1964 No 136 (as at 05 January 2010), Public Act – New Zealand Legislation 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.legislation.govt.nz [Source type: Academic]

^ Roosevelt signed the legislation on August 14.
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

John Dingell (D-MI); unknown man in bowtie; the Secretary of Labor, Frances Perkins; Sen. .Pat Harrison (D-MS); and Rep.^ (D-MI); Unknown man in bowtie; Secretary of Labor, Frances Perkins; Senator Pat Harrison (D-MS); Congressman David L. Lewis (D-MD).
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Pat Harrison (D- MS ); and Rep.
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David Lewis (D-MD).
The Social Security Act was drafted by Gov. Robert Moran Jr.'s committee on economic security, under Frances Perkins, and passed by Congress as part of the New Deal. .The act was an attempt to limit what were seen as dangers in the modern American life, including old age, poverty, unemployment, and the burdens of widows and fatherless children.^ The act was an attempt to limit what were seen as dangers in the modern American life, including old age, poverty, unemployment, and the burdens of widows and fatherless children.
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^ Government old-age pensions for a few of its employees go back to the nineteenth century and veterans of the Civil War, and later their widows and children, received government pensions that lasted into the early twentieth century (Skocpol 1992).
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With the arguments over old-age insurance at an end within the CES, much time and energy then was spent over a far more contentious issue, the plan for unemployment compensation.
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By signing this act on August 14, 1935, President Roosevelt became the first president to advocate the protection of the elderly.^ Roosevelt signed the legislation on August 14.
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ President Franklin D. Roosevelt signing Social Security Act Aug.14, 1935 .

^ By signing this act on August 14, 1935, President Roosevelt became the first president to advocate the protection of the elderly.
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[10]

Provisions of the Act

.The Act is formally cited as the Social Security Act, ch.^ The Social Security Act of 1935 included .
  • New Page 1 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.nashua.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Results 1-5 of 211 for " social security act " .
  • social security act - Lawyers, Articles and Q&A | SocialSecurityLawFirms.com 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.socialsecuritylawfirms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Search Results for "social security act" .
  • social security act - Lawyers, Articles and Q&A | SocialSecurityLawFirms.com 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.socialsecuritylawfirms.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

531, 49 Stat. 620, now codified as 42 U.S.C. ch.7. .The Act provided benefits to retirees and the unemployed, and a lump-sum benefit at death.^ The lump sum benefit.
  • Social Security Act of 1990 [49 MIRC Ch 1] 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.paclii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The Act provided benefits to retirees and the unemployed, and a lump-sum benefit at death.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Court interpretation of the Act to provide benefits .
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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.Payments to current retirees were (and continue to be) financed by a payroll tax on current workers' wages, half directly as a payroll tax and half paid by the employer.^ SS is funded by the proceeds from the payroll taxes of current workers.
  • Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.wikinvest.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Payments to current retirees were (and continue to be) financed by a payroll tax on current workers' wages, half directly as a payroll tax and half paid by the employer.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ The worker and the employer each pay half of the payroll taxes.
  • How Today's Social Security Works 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.heritage.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The act also allocated money to states to provide assistance to aged individuals (Title I), for unemployment insurance (Title III), Aid to Families with Dependent Children (Title IV), Maternal and Child Welfare (Title V), public health services (Title VI), and the blind (Title X).^ Community health service providers.
  • Children's Bureau Website - Laws and Policies: Compilation of Titles IV- B, IV- E and Related Sections of the Social Security Act - Draft 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.acf.hhs.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ The 1935 Act also contained the first national unemployment-compensation program, aid to the states for various health and welfare programs, and the Aid to Dependent Children program.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Healthy Children and Families Act of 2007 .
  • 110th Congress - Federal Social Security Bills, Congressional Medicare, Medicaid Legislation, Acts 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.theorator.com [Source type: Original source]

[10]

Controversy

.Social Security was controversial when originally proposed, with one point of opposition being that it would cause a loss of jobs.^ Social Security Points I am 7 points away from being able to receive my social security benefits.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It was controversial when originally proposed, with one point of opposition being that it would cause a loss of jobs.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security was controversial when originally proposed, with one point of opposition being that it would cause a loss of jobs.
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.However, proponents argued that there was in fact an advantage: it would encourage older workers to retire, thereby creating opportunities for younger people to find jobs, which would lower the unemployment rate.^ However, proponents argued that there was in fact an advantage: it would encourage older workers to retire, thereby creating opportunities for younger people to find jobs, which would lower the unemployment rate.
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^ The benefit is equal to the worker's full retirement benefit for spouses who are at, or older than, survivor's normal retirement age.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The benefit is equal to the worker's full retirement benefit for spouses who are at, or older than, normal retirement age.
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While most economists attribute the recession of 1937 and 1938 to other causes, historian Edward Berkowitz subsequently contended that the Act was a cause of the "Roosevelt Recession."
.Most women and minorities were excluded from the benefits of unemployment insurance and old age pensions.^ Old-age insurance .
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most women and minorities were excluded from the benefits of unemployment insurance and old age pensions .
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^ The push for old-age pensions actually received its biggest boost from the introduction of state-level accident insurance (workmen's compensation) by corporate moderates and their think tanks in the early 1900s.
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Employment definitions reflected typical white male categories and patterns.^ Employment definitions reflected typical white male categories and patterns.
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[11] .Job categories that were not covered by the act included workers in agricultural labor, domestic service, government employees, and many teachers, nurses, hospital employees, librarians, and social workers.^ Job categories that were not covered by the act included workers in agricultural labor, domestic service, government employees, and many teachers, nurses, hospital employees, librarians, and social workers.
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^ The noncontractual interest of an employee covered by the Act cannot be soundly analogized to that of the holder of an annuity, whose right to benefits are based on his contractual premium payments.
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^ I refuse to divorce my husband as has been suggested by many in the social services field, just to qualify for more/better services.
  • What Would You Do ????? [Archive] - NeuroTalk Communities 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC neurotalk.psychcentral.com [Source type: Original source]

[12] .The act also denied coverage to individuals who worked intermittently.^ The act also denied coverage to individuals who worked intermittently.
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^ To amend title II of the Social Security Act to provide for Medicare coverage of individuals receiving a heart transplant .
  • 110th Congress - Federal Social Security Bills, Congressional Medicare, Medicaid Legislation, Acts 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.theorator.com [Source type: Original source]

^ To amend titles XVIII and XIX of the Social Security Act to provide for continuity of Medicare prescription drug coverage for full-benefit dual eligible individuals, for Medicare prescription ...
  • 110th Congress - Federal Social Security Bills, Congressional Medicare, Medicaid Legislation, Acts 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.theorator.com [Source type: Original source]

[13] .These jobs were dominated by women and minorities.^ These jobs were dominated by women and minorities.
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.For example, women made up 90% of domestic labor in 1940 and two-thirds of all employed black women were in domestic service.^ For example, women made up 90% of domestic labor in 1940 and two-thirds of all employed black women were in domestic service.
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^ After years of debates about the inclusion of domestic labor, household employees working at least two days a week for the same person were added in 1950, along with nonprofit workers and the self-employed.
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^ Job categories that were not covered by the act included workers in agricultural labor, domestic service, government employees, and many teachers, nurses, hospital employees, librarians, and social workers.
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[14] .Exclusions exempted nearly half the working population.^ Exclusions exempted nearly half the working population.
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[13] .Nearly two-thirds of all African Americans in the labor force, 70 to 80% in some areas in the South, and just over half of all women employed were not covered by Social Security.^ Groups not covered by Social Security .
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security became known as the "Third Rail of American Politics."
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nearly two-thirds of all African Americans in the labor force, 70 to 80% in some areas in the South, and just over half of all women employed were not covered by Social Security.
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[15][16] At the time, the NAACP protested the Social Security Act, describing it as “a sieve with holes just big enough for the majority of Negroes to fall through.”[16]
.Some have suggested that this discrimination resulted from the powerful position of Southern Democrats on two of the committees pivotal for the Act’s creation, the Senate Finance Committee and the House Ways and Means Committee.^ Some have suggested that this discrimination resulted from the powerful position of Southern Democrats on two of the committees pivotal for the Act’s creation, the Senate Finance Committee and the House Ways and Means Committee .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As for the plantation capitalists of the South, they wielded a veto power through the Southern Democrats.
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At least four new bills in the House and one in the Senate propose providing some increase in benefits to seniors.

.March 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Southern congressmen supported Social Security as a means to bring needed relief to areas in the South that were especially hurt by the Great Depression but wished to avoid legislation which might interfere with the racial status quo in the South.^ Southern congressmen supported Social Security as a means to bring needed relief to areas in the South that were especially hurt by the Great Depression but wished to avoid legislation which might interfere with the racial status quo in the South.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security benefit statement for 2009 .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ History: A limited form of the Social Security program began as a measure to implement "social insurance" during the Great Depression of the 1930s, when poverty rates among senior citizens exceeded 50%.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: Children's Health Care: A Prime Moral Imperative - Starhawk 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.The solution to this dilemma was to pass a bill that both included exclusions and granted authority to the states rather than the national government (such as the states' power in Aid to Dependent Children).^ The solution to this dilemma was to pass a bill that both included exclusions and granted authority to the states rather than the national government (such as the states' power in Aid to Dependent Children).
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Granting the state additional power.
  • Hit & Run > New at Reason: Steve Chapman on the Future of Gay Marriage - Reason Magazine 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The arguments opposed to the Social Security Act (articulated by justices Butler , McReynolds , and Sutherland in their opinions) were that the social security act went beyond the powers that were granted to the federal government in the Constitution .
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Others have argued that exclusions of job categories such as agriculture were frequently left out of new social security systems worldwide because of the administrative difficulties in covering these workers.^ New social security card .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Administration · Social Security number .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Groups not covered by Social Security .
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16]
.Social Security reinforced traditional views of family life.^ Social Security reinforced traditional views of family life.
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^ The latest annual report of the Social Security trustees projects that life expectancy will increase just six years in the next seven decades, to 83 in 2075.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some demographers argue that life expectancy will improve more than projected by the Social Security Trustees, a development that would make solvency worse.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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[17] .Women generally qualified for insurance only through their husbands or children.^ Women generally qualified for insurance only through their husband or their children.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1962, the changing role of the female worker was acknowledged when benefits of covered women could be collected by dependent husbands, widowers, and children.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ These individuals had previously been granted lump sum payments upon only death or coverage through the Aid to Dependent Children program.
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[17] .Mothers’ pensions (Title IV) based entitlements on the presumption that mothers would be unemployed.^ Mothers’ pensions (Title IV) based entitlements on the idea that mothers would be unemployed.
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[17]
.Historical discrimination in the system can also be seen with regard to Aid to Dependent Children.^ Historical discrimination in the system can also be seen with regard to Aid to Dependent Children .
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^ States which, according to HEW, currently have "man in the house" policies in their plans for the Federal-State program of Aid to Families with Dependent Children.
  • KING V. SMITH, 392 U. S. 309 (1968) -- US Supreme Court Cases from Justia & Oyez 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC supreme.justia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ One of the statutory requirements is that "aid to families with dependent children .
  • KING V. SMITH, 392 U. S. 309 (1968) -- US Supreme Court Cases from Justia & Oyez 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC supreme.justia.com [Source type: Original source]

.Since this money was allocated to the states to distribute, some localities assessed black families as needing less money than white families.^ Since this money was allocated to the states to distribute, some localities assessed black families as needing less money than white families.
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^ However, by your reasoning, since at least some states have restrictions on abortions, the women in those states who chose not to have an abortion were incapable of making a moral choice because of those restrictions.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: Children's Health Care: A Prime Moral Imperative - Starhawk 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In the United States, contributions are required and the contribution does not bind the government to return the money to the worker at some future date.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

.These low grant levels made it impossible for African American mothers to not work: one requirement of the program.^ These low grant levels made it impossible for African American mothers to not work: one requirement of the program.
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^ Sedentary work cannot be performed by one who has lost use of an upper extremity since most unskilled, sedentary jobs require good use of hands and fingers .
  • Health Hippo: Evaluations of Social Security Disability 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC hippo.findlaw.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Mark E Hoffer November 23, 2007 12:54 PM "What we have, in Social Security, is a program which actively works against these aims."

[18] .Some states also excluded children born out of wedlock, an exclusion which affected African American women more than white women.^ Some states also excluded children born out of wedlock , an exclusion which affected African American women more than white women.
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^ If Social Security benefits were legally titled assets (say, bonds), that would be impossible: the government could no more refuse to make good on them than it could refuse to pay out on the bonds held by Chase or the State Bank of China.

^ If you can prove to me that married gay couples fuck around more than married straight couples, then you might have the beginnings of some sort of point.
  • Hit & Run > New at Reason: Steve Chapman on the Future of Gay Marriage - Reason Magazine 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.reason.com [Source type: Original source]

[19] .One study determined that 14.4% of eligible white individuals received funding, but only 1.5% of eligible black individuals received these benefits.^ One study determined that 14.4% of eligible white individuals received funding, but only 1.5% of eligible black individuals received these benefits.
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^ As of 2008, Social Security is paying an average of $12,948/year to individual retired workers receiving old age benefits.
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The RFC assessment considers only functional limitations and restrictions that result from an individual's medically determinable impairment or combination of impairments, including the impact of any related symptoms.
  • Health Hippo: Evaluations of Social Security Disability 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC hippo.findlaw.com [Source type: Academic]

[16]

Debates on the constitutionality of the Act

.In the 1930s, the Supreme Court struck down many pieces of Roosevelt's New Deal legislation, including the Railroad Retirement Act.^ In the 1930s, the Supreme Court struck down many pieces of Roosevelt's New Deal legislation, including the Railroad Retirement Act .
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^ During the 1930s President Franklin Delano Roosevelt was in the midst of promoting the passage of a large number of social welfare programs under the New Deal and the High Court struck down many of those programs (such as the Civilian Conservation Corps and the National Recovery Act ) as unconstitutional.
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^ When Social Security was first passed, there were significant questions over its constitutionality as the Court had found another pension scheme, the original Railroad Retirement Act, to violate the due process clause of the Fifth Amendment .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In May, the Court threw out a centerpiece of the New Deal, the National Industrial Recovery Act, the Agricultural Adjustment Act, and New York State's minimum-wage law.^ In May, the Court threw out a centerpiece of the New Deal, the National Industrial Recovery Act , the Agricultural Adjustment Act , and New York State's minimum-wage law.
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^ There were also several experts present who worked closely with government agencies, starting with M. L. Wilson, who played a key role through the Social Science Research Council in formulating the Agricultural Adjustment Act passed earlier by the New Deal, and J. Douglas Brown, the director of the Industrial Relations Section at Princeton who had worked on the railroad retirement plan.
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (B) explains the options the relative has under Federal, State, and local law to participate in the care and placement of the child, including any options that may be lost by failing to respond to the notice; .
  • Children's Bureau Website - Laws and Policies: Compilation of Titles IV- B, IV- E and Related Sections of the Social Security Act - Draft 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.acf.hhs.gov [Source type: Original source]

.President Roosevelt responded with an attempt to pack the court via the Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937.^ President Roosevelt responded with an attempt to pack the court via the Judiciary Reorganization Bill of 1937 .
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On February 5, 1937, he sent a special message to Congress proposing legislation granting the President new powers to add additional judges to all federal courts whenever there were sitting judges age 70 or older who refused to retire.^ On February 5, 1937, he sent a special message to Congress proposing legislation granting the President new powers to add additional judges to all federal courts whenever there were sitting judges age 70 or older who refused to retire.
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^ Granting the state additional power.
  • Hit & Run > New at Reason: Steve Chapman on the Future of Gay Marriage - Reason Magazine 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On 5 February 1937 , he sent a special message to Congress proposing legislation granting the President new powers to add additional judges to all federal courts whenever there were sitting judges age 70 or older who refused to retire.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[20] .The practical effect of this proposal was that the President would get to appoint six new Justices to the Supreme Court (and 44 judges to lower federal courts), thus instantly tipping the political balance on the Court dramatically in his favor.^ The practical effect of this proposal was that the President would get to appoint six new Justices to the Supreme Court (and 44 judges to lower federal courts), thus instantly tipping the political balance on the Court dramatically in his favor.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ His megalomania inflated by his 1936 landslide, on February 5, 1937 he abruptly asked Congress to enact a bill empowering him to appoint one additional Justice for every one who turned 70 and did not retire, for a maximum of six, thus enlarging the Supreme Court from nine Justices to up to fifteen.
  • Is Social Security Constitutional? by John Attarian 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.lewrockwell.com [Source type: Original source]

^ District of Columbia" Circuit Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg, (now a U.S. Supreme Court Justice), wrote the Court's opinion upholding John C. Leahy's religious objection to providing his social security number in order to get a driver's license.
  • The Social Security Number is NOT to be Used for Identification 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: Original source]

.The debate on this proposal was heated and widespread, and lasted over six months.^ The debate on this proposal was heated and widespread, and lasted over six months.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The debate on this proposal was heated, widespread, and over in six months.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Social Security debate (United States) Proposals to reform of the Social Security system have led to heated debate, centering around funding of the program.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Beginning with a set of decisions in March, April, and May, 1937 (including the Social Security Act cases), the Court would sustain a series of New Deal legislation.^ Beginning with a set of decisions in March, April, and May, 1937 (including the Social Security Act cases), the Court would sustain a series of New Deal legislation.
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^ This Act may be cited as the Employees’ Social Security Act 1969.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ New social security card .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[21]
.Two Supreme Court rulings affirmed the constitutionality of the Social Security Act.^ Two Supreme Court rulings affirmed the constitutionality of the Social Security Act.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Forever Act of 2008 .
  • 110th Congress - Federal Social Security Bills, Congressional Medicare, Medicaid Legislation, Acts 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.theorator.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Social Security Fairness Act of 2007 .
  • 110th Congress - Federal Social Security Bills, Congressional Medicare, Medicaid Legislation, Acts 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.theorator.com [Source type: Original source]

  • Steward Machine Company v. .Davis, 301 U.S, 548[22] (1937) held, in a 5–4 decision, that, given the exigencies of the Great Depression, "[It] is too late today for the argument to be heard with tolerance that in a crisis so extreme the use of the moneys of the nation to relieve the unemployed and their dependents is a use for any purpose narrower than the promotion of the general welfare". The arguments opposed to the Social Security Act (articulated by justices Butler, McReynolds, and Sutherland in their opinions) were that the social security act went beyond the powers that were granted to the federal government in the Constitution.^ That is, the Social Security Tax was constitutional as a mere exercise of Congress's general taxation powers.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The arguments opposed to the Social Security Act (articulated by justices Butler , McReynolds , and Sutherland in their opinions) were that the social security act went beyond the powers that were granted to the federal government in the Constitution .
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ "The unsuspected radicalism of the Social Security Act."
    • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    They argued that, by imposing a tax on employers that could be avoided only by contributing to a state unemployment-compensation fund, the federal government was essentially forcing each state to establish an unemployment-compensation fund that would meet its criteria, and that the federal government had no power to enact such a program.
  • Helvering v. Davis, 301 U.S. 619 (1937), decided on the same day as Steward, upheld the program because "The proceeds of both [employee and employer] taxes are to be paid into the Treasury like internal-revenue taxes generally, and are not earmarked in any way". That is, the Social Security Tax was constitutional as a mere exercise of Congress's general taxation powers.
Ida May Fuller, the first recipient

Implementation

.Payroll taxes were first collected in 1937, also the year in which the first benefits were paid, namely the lump-sum death benefit paid to 53,236 beneficiaries.^ The lump sum benefit.
  • Social Security Act of 1990 [49 MIRC Ch 1] 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.paclii.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Payroll taxes were first collected in 1937, also the year in which the first benefits were paid, namely the lump-sum death benefit paid to 53,236 beneficiaries.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Act provided benefits to retirees and the unemployed, and a lump-sum benefit at death.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.The first reported Social Security payment was to Ernest Ackerman, who retired only one day after Social Security began.^ Retirement and Social Security I will be 62 in one year, I actually need to retire in 1 1/2 years.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Will Social Security still exist when I retire?
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When will I receive my first Social Security Payment?
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Five cents were withheld from his pay during that period, and he received a lump-sum payout of seventeen cents from Social Security.^ How do I pay Social Security tax?
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Lump sum preclusion period   1171 .
  • SOCIAL SECURITY ACT 1991 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.austlii.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

^ I am receiving Social Security benefits and working.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23]
.The first monthly payment was issued on January 31, 1940 to Ida May Fuller of Ludlow, Vermont.^ Ida May Fuller, the first recipient Implementation .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first monthly payment was issued on January 31, 1940 to Ida May Fuller of Ludlow , Vermont .
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Page 21: “[On January 31, 1940] Ida May Fuller became the first person to receive an old-age monthly benefit check.” [61] “The 2008 Annual Report of the Board of Trustees of The Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance and Disability Insurance Trust Funds.” The Board of Trustees of the Federal OASDI Trust Funds , March 28, 2008.
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1937, 1938 and 1939 she paid a total of $24.75 into the Social Security System.^ In 1937, 1938 and 1939 she paid a total of $24.75 into the Social Security System.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security was changed to withdraw funds from the independent "Trust Fund" and put it into the General Fund for additional congressional revenue.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conservatives claim that liberals want to 'tax-and-spend,' (whenever it comes to caring for people or even giving them the social security they *paid for* ...
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: Children's Health Care: A Prime Moral Imperative - Starhawk 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Her first check was for $22.54. After her second check, Fuller already had received more than she contributed over the three-year period.^ Her first check was for $22.54.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After her second check, Fuller already had received more than she contributed over the three-year period.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Exercise of powers and functions of the Organization 103A. Disposal of documents after more than three years 104.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

She lived to be 100 and collected a total of $22,888.92.[24]

Expansion and evolution

.The provisions of Social Security have been changing since the 1930s, shifting in response to economic worries as well as concerns over changing gender roles and the position of minorities.^ Further information: List of Social Security legislation (United States) The provisions of Social Security have been changing since the 1930s, shifting in response to economic worries as well as concerns over changing gender roles and the position of minorities.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Change my social security number?
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As far as social security is concerned we had a solution for that.
  • Republicans & Conservatives: Poor, African, Muslim AND a Democracy 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.watchblog.com [Source type: Original source]

.Officials have responded more to the concerns of women than those of minority groups.^ Officials have responded more to the concerns of women than those of minority groups.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under those circumstances, I, too would get rich a whole lot more quickly than my current pace.

^ The Prudential Company has been rather inept in the matter and I think that you will find that the dozen or more companies other than the Prudential and the Metropolitan are not particularly in sympathy with the tactics of those two companies.
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25] .Social Security gradually moved toward universal coverage.^ Parents moving in and their social security.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security gradually moved toward universal coverage.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Here we have space to trace only the influence of the Rockefellers, allied with the Wisconsin progressives and the graduates of the settlement houses, in creating and imposing on America the Social Security System.
  • Origins of the Welfare State in America (1993) 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC rationalargumentator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By 1950, debates moved away from which occupational groups should be included to how to provide more adequate coverage.^ By 1950, debates moved away from which occupational groups should be included to how to provide more adequate coverage.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The actual electrocardiographic tracing (or adequately marked photocopy) and echocardiogram report with a copy of relevant echocardiographic views should be included (see part A, 4.00C1).
  • Health Hippo: Evaluations of Social Security Disability 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC hippo.findlaw.com [Source type: Academic]

^ During the 1920s the group insurance plans provided coverage for only a small percent of the elderly who had pensions in the United States.
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[26] .Changes in Social Security have reflected a balance between promoting equality and efforts to provide adequate protection.^ Change my social security number?
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Changes in Social Security have reflected a balance between promoting equality and efforts to provide adequate protection.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security was changed to withdraw funds from the independent "Trust Fund" and put it into the General Fund for additional congressional revenue.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27]
.In 1940, benefits paid totaled $35 million.^ In 1940, benefits paid totaled $35 million.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Benefits were paid to 35.3 million people aged 65 or older.
  • Fast Facts & Figures About Social Security, 2007 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.socialsecurity.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security paid benefits to over 30 million retired workers in 2008.

.These rose to $961 million in 1950, $11.2 billion in 1960, $31.9 billion in 1970, $120.5 billion in 1980, and $247.8 billion in 1990 (all figures in nominal dollars, not adjusted for inflation).^ These rose to $961 million in 1950, $11.2 billion in 1960, $31.9 billion in 1970, $120.5 billion in 1980, and $247.8 billion in 1990 (all figures in nominal dollars, not adjusted for inflation).
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A minimum wage of $1.60 in 1968 would be $8.85 in (2005 dollars; if adjusted for inflation).
  • Republicans & Conservatives: Poor, African, Muslim AND a Democracy 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.watchblog.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So I'll just take back what I put in, adjusted for inflation and no interest, and yes, I'll give up all my rights to future "benefits."
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: Children's Health Care: A Prime Moral Imperative - Starhawk 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 2004, $492 billion of benefits were paid to 47.5 million beneficiaries.^ Benefits of $702 billion were paid in 2005 - a $44 billion increase from 2004.

^ In 2004, $492 billion of benefits were paid to 47.5 million beneficiaries.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2004, more than 47 million Americans received approximately US$492 billion in Social Security benefits.
  • United States Social Security Administration « Pronk Palisades 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC raymondpronk.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28] .In 2009, nearly 51 million Americans will receive $650 billion in Social Security benefits.^ Social security Spouse benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social security benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Widow Social Security benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

1939 Amendments

.Economic concerns
One reason for the proposed changes in 1939 was a growing concern over the impact that the reserves created by the 1935 act were having on the economy.
^ Economic concerns One reason for the proposed changes in 1939 was a growing concern over the impact that the reserves created by the 1935 act were having on the economy.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This Act shall apply to all industries having one or more employees.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The reason for the long delay with notification was the concern over the impact this incident would have on donations.
  • 38,000 Social Security Numbers Potentially Exposed After Theft | The Hoya 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.thehoya.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Recession of 1937 was blamed on the government, tied to the abrupt decrease in government spending and the $2 billion that had been collected in Social Security taxes.^ Social Security Tax papers .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Collecting husband social security .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Collecting on my husband social security .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[29] .Benefits became available in 1940 instead of 1942 and changes to the benefit formula increased the amount of benefits available to all recipients in the early years of Social Security.^ Social security Spouse benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social security benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Widow social security benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30] .These two policies combined to shrink the size of the reserves.^ These two policies combined to shrink the size of the reserves.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These two developments were decreasing the Social Security Trust Fund reserves.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The combined tax rate of these two federal programs is 15.30% (7.65% paid by the employee and 7.65% paid by the employer).
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The original Act had conceived of the program as paying benefits out of a large reserve.^ The original Act had conceived of the program as paying benefits out of a large reserve.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The U.S. Model Tax Treaty employs a source-based approach to the taxation of social security benefits, preserving the paying country's right to tax the benefits it pays out.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This does not mean that there will be enough money in the Social Security program to pay for these benefits.
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

.This Act shifted the conception of Social Security into the pay-as-you-go system.^ "The unsuspected radicalism of the Social Security Act."
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This Act shifted the conception of Social Security into the pay-as-you-go system.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Do I still need to pay into Social Security ?
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31]
.Creation of the Social Security Trust Fund
The amendments established a trust fund for any surplus funds.
^ "Defaulting on the Social Security Trust Fund bonds: Winner and losers."
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Creation of the Social Security Trust Fund The amendments established a trust fund for any surplus funds.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Fund 68.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.The managing trustee of this fund is the Secretary of the Treasury.^ The managing trustee of this fund is the Secretary of the Treasury .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The money could be invested in both non-marketable and marketable securities.^ The money could be invested in both non-marketable and marketable securities .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security cannot "prefund" by investing in marketable assets such as equities, because federal law prohibits it from investing in assets other than those backed by the U.S. government.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Congress invested these surpluses into special series, non-marketable U.S. Treasury securities held by the Social Security Trust Fund.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32]
.The move toward family protection
Calls for reform of Social Security emerged within a few years of the 1935 Act.
^ "The unsuspected radicalism of the Social Security Act."
  • Who Rules America: The Unexpected Origins of Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC sociology.ucsc.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Getting Social Security mid year .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Surplus Protection Act of 2007 .
  • 110th Congress - Federal Social Security Bills, Congressional Medicare, Medicaid Legislation, Acts 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.theorator.com [Source type: Original source]

.Even as early as 1936, some believed that women were not getting enough support.^ Even as early as 1936, some believed that women were not getting enough support.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Worried that a lack of assistance might push women back into the work force, these individuals wanted Social Security changes that would prevent this.^ Change my social security number?
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What we have, in Social Security, is a program which actively works against these aims.

^ Drawing social security and working.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In an effort to protect the family, therefore, some called for reform which tied women's aid more concretely to their dependency on their husbands.^ In an effort to protect the family, therefore, some called for reform which tied women's aid more concretely to their dependency on their husbands.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Speaking of aid, just because some is good does not mean more is better.
  • Republicans & Conservatives: Poor, African, Muslim AND a Democracy 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.watchblog.com [Source type: Original source]

^ I am dependant on it until death now, I'm definitely going to be getting every penny back (that me and everyone else in my family ever contributed), plus heaps more.
  • What Would You Do ????? [Archive] - NeuroTalk Communities 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC neurotalk.psychcentral.com [Source type: Original source]

[33] .Others expressed apprehension about the complicated administrative practices of Social Security.^ Social Security Administration · Social Security number .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Others expressed apprehension about the complicated administrative practices of Social Security.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Administration of the Social Security Scheme 59.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

[34] .Concerns about the size of the reserve fund of the retirement program, emphasized by a recession in 1937 led to further calls for change.^ Concerns about the size of the reserve fund of the retirement program, emphasized by a recession in 1937 led to further calls for change.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: Social Security debate (United States) Proposals to reform of the Social Security system have led to heated debate, centering around funding of the program.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Economic concerns One reason for the proposed changes in 1939 was a growing concern over the impact that the reserves created by the 1935 act were having on the economy.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35]
.These amendments, however, avoided the question of the large numbers of workers in excluded categories.^ These amendments, however, avoided the question of the large numbers of workers in excluded categories.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[36] .Instead, the amendments of 1939 made family protection a part of Social Security.^ Instead, the amendments of 1939 made family protection a part of Social Security.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security made it official this morning.

^ But, government couldn’t spend it if it were made illegal to plunder the Social Security surpluses ($12.8 trillion thus far).
  • Republicans & Conservatives: Poor, African, Muslim AND a Democracy 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.watchblog.com [Source type: Original source]

.This included increased federal funding for the Aid to Dependent Children and raised the maximum age of children eligible to receive money under the Aid to Dependent Children to 18. The amendment added wives, elderly widows, and dependent survivors of covered male workers to those who could receive old age pensions.^ Criteria applicable to individuals age 18 and over and to children under age 18 where criteria are appropriate.
  • Health Hippo: Evaluations of Social Security Disability 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC hippo.findlaw.com [Source type: Academic]

^ I am a 63-year old widow who receives SS survivor benefi...
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This included increased federal funding for the Aid to Dependent Children and raised the maximum age of children eligible to receive money under the Aid to Dependent Children to 18.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These individuals had previously been granted lump sum payments upon only death or coverage through the Aid to Dependent Children program.^ These individuals had previously been granted lump sum payments upon only death or coverage through the Aid to Dependent Children program.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These individuals, however, had to be able to prove their dependency .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Repayment of amount where both lump sum and payments of compensation affected payment have been received   1179 .
  • SOCIAL SECURITY ACT 1991 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.austlii.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

.If a married wage-earning woman’s own benefit was worth less than 50% of her husband’s benefit, she was treated as a wife, not a worker.^ If a married wage-earning woman’s own benefit was worth less than 50% of her husband’s benefit, she was treated as a wife, not a worker.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The progressive benefit formula for Social Security is blind to the income a worker may have from non-wage sources, such as spousal support, dividends and interest, or rental income.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While employees who earned $50,000 per year would have collected $1,302 per month in Social Security benefits, the private plan paid them $6,843 per month.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37] .If a woman who was covered by Social Security died, however, her dependents were ineligible for her benefits.^ Social Security retirement benefits My husband recently died.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social security Spouse benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social security benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[38] .Since support for widows was dependent on the husband being a covered worker, African American widows were severely underrepresented and unaided by these changes.^ Since support for widows was dependent on the husband being a covered worker, African American widows were severely underrepresented and unaided by these changes.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These low grant levels made it impossible for African American mothers to not work: one requirement of the program.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a worker splits a career between several countries, each of these three spheres is affected.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

[39]
.In order to assure fiscal conservatives who worried about the costs of adding family protection policies, the benefits for single workers were decreased and lump-sum death payments were abolished.^ In order to assure fiscal conservatives who worried about the costs of adding family protection policies, the benefits for single workers were decreased and lump-sum death payments were abolished.
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^ The Act provided benefits to retirees and the unemployed, and a lump-sum benefit at death.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Here, I worry about the cost.
  • What Would You Do ????? [Archive] - NeuroTalk Communities 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC neurotalk.psychcentral.com [Source type: Original source]

[40]
FICA
A poster for the expansion of the Social Security Act
Social Security payroll taxes are collected under authority of the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA), and are sometimes referred to as "FICA taxes."
.In the original 1935 law the benefit provisions were in Title II of the Act (which is why Social Security is sometimes referred to as the "Title II" program.^ Social security Spouse benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social security benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Widow Social Security benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

) .The taxing provisions were in a separate title, Title VIII. There is a deep reason for this, having to do with the constitutionality of the law (see discussion of the Constitutionality of the 1935 Act).^ The taxing provisions were in a separate title, Title VIII. There is a deep reason for this, having to do with the constitutionality of the law (see discussion of the Constitutionality of the 1935 Act).
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don't see any reason to pretend there is a right to SSM in the constitution.
  • Hit & Run > New at Reason: Steve Chapman on the Future of Gay Marriage - Reason Magazine 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Economic concerns One reason for the proposed changes in 1939 was a growing concern over the impact that the reserves created by the 1935 act were having on the economy.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As part of the 1939 Amendments, the Title VIII taxing provisions were taken out of the Social Security Act and placed in the Internal Revenue Code.^ Federal income taxes imposed by the Internal Revenue Code (but excluding ...
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Social Security Tax papers .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead, the amendments of 1939 made family protection a part of Social Security.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since it wouldn't make any sense to call this new section of the Internal Revenue Code "Title VIII," it was renamed the "Federal Insurance Contributions Act."^ Federal income taxes imposed by the Internal Revenue Code (but excluding ...
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Does it make sense to refer to them as "contributions"?

^ Since it wouldn't make any sense to call this new section of the Internal Revenue Code "Title VIII," it was renamed the "Federal Insurance Contributions Act."
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The payroll taxes collected for Social Security are of course taxes, but they can also be described as contributions to the social insurance system that is Social Security.^ Social Security Tax papers .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They need his Social Security Number.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Collecting husband social security .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hence the name "Federal Insurance Contributions Act."^ Hence the name "Federal Insurance Contributions Act."
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A poster for the expansion of the Social Security Act Social Security payroll taxes are collected under authority of the Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA).
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since it wouldn't make any sense to call this new section of the Internal Revenue Code "Title VIII," it was renamed the "Federal Insurance Contributions Act."
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.FICA refers to the tax provisions of the Social Security Act, as they appear in the Internal Revenue Code.^ Social Security Forever Act of 2008 .
  • 110th Congress - Federal Social Security Bills, Congressional Medicare, Medicaid Legislation, Acts 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.theorator.com [Source type: Original source]

^ FICA refers to the tax provisions of the Social Security Act, as they appear in the Internal Revenue Code.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How do I pay Social Security tax?
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Amendments of the 1950s

.After years of debates about the inclusion of domestic labor, household employees working at least two days a week for the same person were added in 1950, along with nonprofit workers and the self-employed.^ She worked for about 5 years in the US and contributed to S...
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After years of debates about the inclusion of domestic labor, household employees working at least two days a week for the same person were added in 1950, along with nonprofit workers and the self-employed.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Regularly employed farm and domestic workers.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Hotel workers, laundry workers, all agricultural workers, and state and local government employees were added in 1954.[41]
.In 1956, the tax rate was raised to 4.0% (2.0% for the employer, 2.0% for the employee) and disability benefits were added.^ If a defined benefit plan is chosen, an employer is committing itself to an unknown cost that can be affected by rates of return on investments, changes in regulations, and future pay levels.
  • Employee Benefits - Historical overview, Legally required benefits, Optional employee benefits 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.referenceforbusiness.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Employers are required to withhold Social Security and Medicare taxes from their employees' wages.
  • Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) - Social Security and Medicare Taxes: Payroll Considerations - Ceridian 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.ceridian.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If spouse benefits are added, the combined benefits for the employee and spouse would approximate $4,490 under railroad retirement coverage, compared to $2,295 under social security.
  • Benefits Under Railroad Retirement and Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.rrb.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Also in 1956, women were allowed to retire at 62 with benefits reduced by 25%.^ Also in 1956, women were allowed to retire at 62 with benefits reduced by 25%.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This formula gives an 80% benefit at age 62 for a worker with a normal retirement age of 65, a 75% benefit at age 62 for a worker with a normal retirement age of 66, and a 70% benefit at age 62 for a worker with a normal retirement age of 67.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security deductions in 2008 I am 63 and took early SS retirement benefits at 62 (turned 62 in Jan 2008 and work full time.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Widows of covered workers were allowed to retire at 62 without the reduction in benefits.^ Also in 1956, women were allowed to retire at 62 with benefits reduced by 25%.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Widows of covered workers were allowed to retire at 62 without the reduction in benefits.
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^ Only after the worker applies for retirement benefits may the non-working spouse apply for spousal retirement benefits.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[42]

Amendments of the 1960s

.In 1961, retirement at age 62 was extended to men, and the tax rate was increased to 6.0%.^ Retirement age is increasing.

^ In 1961, early retirement for men at age 62 was allowed.
  • The Social Security Act 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.u-s-history.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 1961, retirement at age 62 was extended to men, and the tax rate was increased to 6.0%.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 1962, the changing role of the female worker was acknowledged when benefits of covered women could be collected by dependent husbands, widowers, and children.^ In 1962, the changing role of the female worker was acknowledged when benefits of covered women could be collected by dependent husbands, widowers, and children.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Wife and husband collecting benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because women tend to live longer, they generally collect Social Security benefits for a longer time.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These individuals, however, had to be able to prove their dependency.^ These individuals, however, had to be able to prove their dependency .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These individuals had previously been granted lump sum payments upon only death or coverage through the Aid to Dependent Children program.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[43]
.Medicare was added in 1965 by the Social Security Act of 1965, part of President Lyndon B. Johnson's "Great Society" program.^ Medicare Part B My friend is on Social Security due to his disabiliy.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security medicare .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Medicare was added in 1965 by the Social Security Act of 1965 , part of President Lyndon B. Johnson 's " Great Society " program.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Social Security was changed to withdraw funds from the independent "Trust Fund" and put it into the General Fund for additional congressional revenue.^ Social Security was changed to withdraw funds from the independent "Trust Fund" and put it into the General Fund for additional congressional revenue.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Fund 69.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ And, it also shrinks the Social Security funds.
  • Republicans & Conservatives: Poor, African, Muslim AND a Democracy 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.watchblog.com [Source type: Original source]

.In 1965, the age at which widows could begin collecting benefits was reduced to 60. Widowers were not included in this change.^ Widow's Benefit at age 60 .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The earliest age for a nondisabled widow(er)'s benefit is age 60.
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^ Widow's benefit at 60 years old .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When divorce, rather than death, became the major cause of marriages ending, divorcées were added to the list of recipients.^ When divorce , rather than death, became the major cause of marriages ending, divorcées were added to the list of recipients.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I happen to favor a "best interest of the child" standard rather than a "give the kid to the spouse who was less of an asshole during the marriage".
  • Hit & Run > New at Reason: Steve Chapman on the Future of Gay Marriage - Reason Magazine 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was almost a quarter of a century after the adoption of unilateral divorce-on-demand before it became respectable for some progressives to acknowledge the “unexpected” harms caused by divorce.
  • Hit & Run > New at Reason: Steve Chapman on the Future of Gay Marriage - Reason Magazine 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.reason.com [Source type: Original source]

.Divorcées over the age of 65 who had been married for at least 20 years, remained unmarried, and could demonstrate dependency on their ex-husbands received benefits.^ Divorcées over the age of 65 who had been married for at least 20 years, remained unmarried, and could demonstrate dependency on their ex-husbands received benefits.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have been receiving SSD benefits for 3 years now.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Factors that have contributed to the falling ratio of people paying taxes compared to people receiving benefits: 1) Increase in life expectancy without a comparable increase in the retirement age: - Since Social Security began paying benefits in 1940, the life expectancy of the average 65-year old male and female has gone up 40% and 45% respectively.
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

[44]
.The government adopted a unified budget in the Johnson administration in 1968. This change resulted in a single measure of the fiscal status of the government, based on the sum of all government activity.^ This change resulted in a single measure of the fiscal status of the government, based on the sum of all government activity.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The government adopted a unified budget in the Johnson administration in 1968.
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^ Because the government had adopted the unified budget during the Johnson administration, this surplus offsets the total fiscal debt, making it look much smaller [ citation needed ] .
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[45] .The surplus in Social Security trust funds offsets the total debt, making it appear much smaller than it otherwise would.^ But, that would make too much sense.
  • Republicans & Conservatives: Poor, African, Muslim AND a Democracy 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.watchblog.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Social Security than i get now .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Creation of the Social Security Trust Fund The amendments established a trust fund for any surplus funds.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Amendments of the 1970s

.1972 Amendments
In June 1972, both houses of the United States Congress approved by overwhelming majorities 20% increases in benefits for 27.8 million Americans.
^ Amendments In June 1972, both houses of the United States Congress approved by overwhelming majorities 20% increases in benefits for 27.8 million Americans.
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^ October 19, 2006 - Monthly Social Security and Supplemental Security Income benefits for more than 53 million Americans will increase 3.3 percent in 2007, the Social Security Administration announced yesterday.

^ More strikingly, the same findings hold true within the United States, where American exceptionalism can play no role.
  • Origins of the Welfare State in America (1993) 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC rationalargumentator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The average payment per month rose from $133 to $166. The bill also set up a cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) to take effect in 1975. This adjustment would be made on a yearly basis if the Consumer Price Index increased by 3% or more.^ This adjustment would be made on a yearly basis if the Consumer Price Index increased by 3% or more.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The average payment per month rose from $133 to $166.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The bill also set up a cost-of-living adjustment (COLA) to take effect in 1975.
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[46] .This addition was an attempt to index benefits to inflation so that benefits would rise automatically.^ This addition was an attempt to index benefits to inflation so that benefits would rise automatically.
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^ Would like to apply for the for the additional benefit....
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, effective in 1975, the earnings base and the exempt amount under the earnings test would be adjusted automatically to keep pace with changes in wage levels.
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

.If inflation was 5%, the goal was to automatically increase benefits by 5% so their real value didn't decline.^ If inflation was 5%, the goal was to automatically increase benefits by 5% so their real value didn't decline.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Everyone thinks Social Security benefits are increasing by 2.3 percent next year the recent rate of inflation but that is only partially true.

^ The mathematical error which overcompensated for inflation was particularly detrimental given the double-digit inflation of this period, and the error led to benefit increases that were nowhere near financially sustainable.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A technical error in the formula caused these adjustments to overcompensate for inflation, a technical mistake which has been called double-indexing.^ A technical error in the formula caused these adjustments to overcompensate for inflation, a technical mistake which has been called double-indexing.
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^ The progressivity of the PIA formula would in effect allow these workers to double dip .
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^ The mathematical error which overcompensated for inflation was particularly detrimental given the double-digit inflation of this period, and the error led to benefit increases that were nowhere near financially sustainable.
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.The COLAs actually caused benefits to increase at twice the rate of inflation.^ The COLAs actually caused benefits to increase at twice the rate of inflation.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Everyone thinks Social Security benefits are increasing by 2.3 percent next year the recent rate of inflation but that is only partially true.

^ The mathematical error which overcompensated for inflation was particularly detrimental given the double-digit inflation of this period, and the error led to benefit increases that were nowhere near financially sustainable.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In October 1972, a $5 billion piece of Social Security legislation was enacted which expanded the Social Security program.^ In October 1972, a $5 billion piece of Social Security legislation was enacted which expanded the Social Security program.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2007, the administrative cost of the Social Security program was $5.5 billion.
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Jill Quadagno, "Welfare Capitalism and the Social Security Act of 1935, American Sociological Review 49 (October 1984): 641.
  • Origins of the Welfare State in America (1993) 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC rationalargumentator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, minimum monthly benefits of individuals employed in low income positions for at least 30 years were raised.^ For example, minimum monthly benefits of individuals employed in low income positions for at least 30 years were raised.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In essence, a self-employed individual pays both the employee and employer share of the tax, although half of the self-employment tax (the "employer share") is deductible when calculating the individual's federal income tax.
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^ As of 2008, Social Security is paying an average of $12,948/year to individual retired workers receiving old age benefits.
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

.Increases were also made to the pensions of 3.8 million widows and dependent widowers.^ Increases were also made to the pensions of 3.8 million widows and dependent widowers.
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^ Subject to this Act and the regulations made in this behalf, the Organization may review the payment of any invalidity pension and as a result of such review may increase, continue, reduce or discontinue such pension.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The amendment added wives, elderly widows, and dependent survivors of covered male workers to those who could receive old age pensions .
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[46]
.These amendments also established the Supplemental Security Income (SSI).^ These amendments also established the Supplemental Security Income (SSI).
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^ XVI with respect to eligibility for supplemental security income benefits; and .
  • Children's Bureau Website - Laws and Policies: Compilation of Titles IV- B, IV- E and Related Sections of the Social Security Act - Draft 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.acf.hhs.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ These "employment taxes" include income taxes, social security and Medicare ...
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

.Immigrants who had never paid into the system became eligible for SSI benefits when they reached age 65. SSI is not a Social Security benefit, but a welfare program, because the elderly and disabled poor are entitled to SSI regardless of work history.^ Social Security disability .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social security Spouse benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social security benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Likewise, SSI is not an entitlement, because there is no right to SSI payments.^ Likewise, SSI is not an entitlement, because there is no right to SSI payments.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is why there is no COLA increase for Seniors SS–there is no inflation right now on which to base a COLA increase.
  • Obama is Turning Social Security into Welfare | The Foundry: Conservative Policy News. 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC blog.heritage.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It is not just about maintaining your SSI payments each month, people are regularly prosecuted and go to jail because they are fraudulently receiving benefits.
  • Social Security Questions | Law Offices of Ed Goldner | San Antonio, Texas Disability El Paso, Midland, Odessa, TX 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.edgoldner.com [Source type: General]

.The negative financial outlook
Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, during the phase-in period of Social Security, Congress was able to grant generous benefit increases because the system had perpetual short-run surpluses.
^ Social Security and divorce I am wondering when I get divorced if my benefits will be decreased or increased.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I am receiving Social Security benefits and working.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The negative financial outlook Throughout the 1950s and 1960s, during the phase-in period of Social Security, Congress was able to grant generous benefit increases because the system had perpetual short-run surpluses.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Congressional amendments to Social Security took place in even numbered years (election years) because the bills were politically popular, but by the late 1970s, this era was over.^ Mass elections and Social Security .
  • Obama Puts Social Security on the Chopping Block | Mother Jones 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: General]

^ Your social security check is late!
  • Social Security number@Everything2.com 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.everything2.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Social Security Administration · Social Security number .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For the next three decades, projections of Social Security's finances would show large, long-term deficits, and in the early 1980s, the program flirted with immediate insolvency.^ For the next three decades, projections of Social Security's finances would show large, long-term deficits, and in the early 1980s, the program flirted with immediate insolvency.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Projected financial status of the Social Security program: .
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Retrieve early social security .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.From this point on, amendments to Social Security would take place in odd numbered years (years that were not election years) because Social Security reform now meant tax increases and benefit reductions.^ Social security Spouse benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social security benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security than i get now .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Social Security became known as the "Third Rail of American Politics."^ Social Security became known as the "Third Rail of American Politics."
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Social Security Act was politically moderate.
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^ The U.S. Social Security program and Supplemental Security Income Claim, drafted by the Roosevelt administration and passed by congress as the social security act of 1935, was originally known as the old age pension act.
  • Supplemental Security Income Claim 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.mesrianilaw.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Touching it meant political death.^ Touching it meant political death.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Several effects came together in the years following the 1972 amendments which rapidly changed the outlook on Social Security's long-term financial picture from positive to problematic.^ Several effects came together in the years following the 1972 amendments which rapidly changed the outlook on Social Security's long-term financial picture from positive to problematic.
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^ Getting Social Security mid year .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How Social Security Change Effects Yo u 3/24/00 .

.By the 1970s, the phase-in period, during which workers were paying taxes but few were collecting benefits, was largely over, and the ratio of elderly population to the working population was increasing.^ Ratio of people paying taxes to people receiving benefits .
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Can I start collecting benefits if I'm still working?
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the 1970s, the phase-in period, during which workers were paying taxes but few were collecting benefits, was largely over, and the ratio of elderly population to the working population was increasing.
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.These developments brought questions about the capacity of the long term financial structure based on a pay-as-you-go program.^ These developments brought questions about the capacity of the long term financial structure based on a pay-as-you-go program.
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^ Topics about development and programming (i.e.

^ Much of what we can discern about mental function in these children frequently comes from observation of the degree of development of fine and gross motor function.
  • Health Hippo: Evaluations of Social Security Disability 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC hippo.findlaw.com [Source type: Academic]

.During the Carter administration, the economy suffered double-digit inflation, coupled with very high interest rates, oil and energy crises, high unemployment and slow economic growth.^ During the Carter administration, the economy suffered double-digit inflation, coupled with very high interest rates , oil and energy crises, high unemployment and slow economic growth .
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^ And since benefits growth is tied to wage growth, not inflation, the two tend to stay coupled in any case.

^ The mathematical error which overcompensated for inflation was particularly detrimental given the double-digit inflation of this period, and the error led to benefit increases that were nowhere near financially sustainable.
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.Productivity growth in the United States had declined to an average annual rate of 1%, compared to 3.2% during the 1960s.^ Productivity growth in the United States had declined to an average annual rate of 1%, compared to 3.2% during the 1960s.
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^ For non-United States citizens and non-residents, income tax is generally withheld by the payor of benefits at a rate of 30% of 85% of the gross benefit amount, or an effective rate of 25.5%.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The costs for administering the accounts averaged 3.4%, leaving a total annual yield of 7.3% above the rate of inflation.
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

.There was also a growing federal budget deficit which increased to $66 billion.^ There was also a growing federal budget deficit which increased to $66 billion.
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^ The Social Security budget will grow by $36.4 billion to $694,804 billion if the budget submitted today by President George W. Bush is approved.

^ The federal government's ability to repay Social Security, in turn, is contingent on fiscal policies taken today (which have tended to increase deficits and the percent of the budget spent on interest and principal payments) and in the future.
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.The 1970s are described as a period of stagflation, meaning economic stagnation coupled with price inflation, as well as higher interest rates.^ The 1970s are described as a period of stagflation , meaning economic stagnation coupled with price inflation, as well as higher interest rates.
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^ During the Carter administration, the economy suffered double-digit inflation, coupled with very high interest rates , oil and energy crises, high unemployment and slow economic growth .
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ GDP is the meaningful stat; the straight dollar amount is likely to rise due to interest, but that doesn't matter much if it's being erased by inflation or economic growth."

.Price inflation (a rise in the general level of prices) creates uncertainty in budgeting and planning and makes labor strikes for pay raises more likely.^ Cognitive/communicative function at a level generally acquired by children no more than one-half the child's chronological age, documented by: .
  • Health Hippo: Evaluations of Social Security Disability 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC hippo.findlaw.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The result is a group of overlapping and potentially dueling agreements that may raise interpretational issues and create uncertainty for workers and administrators.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Instead, he is considering plans that would ask those making over $250,000 to pay in the range of 2 to 4 percent more in total (combined employer and employee).
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

.These underlying negative trends were exacerbated by a colossal mathematical error made in the 1972 amendments establishing the COLAs.^ These underlying negative trends were exacerbated by a colossal mathematical error made in the 1972 amendments establishing the COLAs.
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^ These amendments also established the Supplemental Security Income (SSI).
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.The mathematical error which overcompensated for inflation was particularly detrimental given the double-digit inflation of this period, and the error led to benefit increases that were nowhere near financially sustainable.^ The mathematical error which overcompensated for inflation was particularly detrimental given the double-digit inflation of this period, and the error led to benefit increases that were nowhere near financially sustainable.
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^ Everyone thinks Social Security benefits are increasing by 2.3 percent next year the recent rate of inflation but that is only partially true.

^ This meant that FICA revenues could not keep up with the increasing benefits that were being given out.
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.The high inflation, double-indexing, and lower than expected wage growth was financial disaster for Social Security.^ Social Security than i get now .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The high inflation, double-indexing, and lower than expected wage growth was financial disaster for Social Security.
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^ The progressive benefit formula for Social Security is blind to the income a worker may have from non-wage sources, such as spousal support, dividends and interest, or rental income.
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.1977 Amendments
To combat the declining financial outlook, in 1977 Congress passed and Carter signed legislation fixing the double-indexing mistake.
^ Amendments To combat the declining financial outlook, in 1977 Congress passed and Carter signed legislation fixing the double-indexing mistake.
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^ A technical error in the formula caused these adjustments to overcompensate for inflation, a technical mistake which has been called double-indexing.
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^ That law was passed by Congress and signed by President Reagan in 1983.

.This amendment also altered the tax formulas to raise more money,[47] increasing withholding from 2% to 6.15%.^ This amendment also altered the tax formulas to raise more money, [ 46 ] increasing withholding from 2% to 6.15%.
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^ By raising earnings limits each year, the proposals would increase the amount of money that individuals can earn while remaining eligible for benefits.

^ This included increased federal funding for the Aid to Dependent Children and raised the maximum age of children eligible to receive money under the Aid to Dependent Children to 18.
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[48] .With these changes, President Carter remarked, "Now this legislation will guarantee that from 1980 to the year 2030, the Social Security funds will be sound."^ Social Security than i get now .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Getting Social Security mid year .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Fund 68.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

[49] .This turned out not to be the case.^ This turned out not to be the case.
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.The financial picture declined almost immediately and by the early 1980s, the system was again in crisis.^ The financial picture declined almost immediately and by the early 1980s, the system was again in crisis.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ There is no 'crisis' that demands immediate and radical restructuring of the system.
  • Social Security: Do We Have to Act Now? 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.aarp.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Amendments of the 1980s

.After the 1977 amendments, the economic assumptions surrounding Social Security projections continued to be overly optimistic as the program moved toward a crisis.^ After the 1977 amendments, the economic assumptions surrounding Social Security projections continued to be overly optimistic as the program moved toward a crisis.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ Our Social Security system is not "in crisis."
  • Should we keep the social security act? - Yahoo! Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Parents moving in and their social security.
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  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, COLAs were attached to increases in the CPI. This meant that they changed with prices, instead of wages.^ For example, COLAs were attached to increases in the CPI. This meant that they changed with prices, instead of wages.
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^ Before the 1970s, wage measurements exceeded changes in price.
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^ Review Figure 166 carefully: The net benefits drop as the wage levels increase from $50,000 to $95,000; however, they increase as the wage levels grow from $5,000 to $50,000.
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.Before the 1970s, wage measurements exceeded changes in price.^ Before the 1970s, wage measurements exceeded changes in price.
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^ For example, COLAs were attached to increases in the CPI. This meant that they changed with prices, instead of wages.
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.In the 1970s, however, this reversed and real wages decreased.^ In the 1970s, however, this reversed and real wages decreased.
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.This meant that FICA revenues could not keep up with the increasing benefits that were being given out.^ This meant that FICA revenues could not keep up with the increasing benefits that were being given out.
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^ The mathematical error which overcompensated for inflation was particularly detrimental given the double-digit inflation of this period, and the error led to benefit increases that were nowhere near financially sustainable.
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^ Given that the SS money is notionally being taken to provide for me in my later years, I'd rather keep that money in my name.

.Continued high unemployment levels also lowered the amount of Social Security tax that could be collected.^ Continued high unemployment levels also lowered the amount of Social Security tax that could be collected.
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^ Amounts not considered "income" for income tax purposes are not considered "wages" for social security tax purposes.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ How do I pay Social Security tax?
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.These two developments were decreasing the Social Security Trust Fund reserves.^ Creation of the Social Security Trust Fund The amendments established a trust fund for any surplus funds.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Fund 68.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Social Security Fund 69.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

[50] .In 1982, projections indicated that the Social Security Trust Fund would run out of money by 1983, and there was talk of the system being unable to pay benefits.^ Maximum Social Security benefit .
  • Fast Facts & Figures About Social Security, 2007 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.socialsecurity.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security is designed to pay: .
  • Social Security Benefits from MetLife 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.metlife.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is not now, nor has there ever been a surplus of Social Security Trust Funds.
  • The US Economy 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC debtism.com [Source type: Original source]

[51] .The National Commission on Social Security Reform, chaired by Alan Greenspan, was created to address the crisis.^ The 1983 Amendments The National Commission on Social Security Reform (NCSSR), chaired by Alan Greenspan , was empaneled to investigate the long-run solvency of Social Security.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The National Commission on Social Security Reform, chaired by Alan Greenspan , was created to address the crisis.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In February 2006, the Social Security Administration received several reports of an email message being circulated addressed to “Dear Social Security Number And Card owner” and purporting to be from the Social Security Administration.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The 1983 Amendments
The National Commission on Social Security Reform (NCSSR), chaired by Alan Greenspan, was empaneled to investigate the long-run solvency of Social Security.
^ The National Commission on Social Security Reform, chaired by Alan Greenspan , was created to address the crisis.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 1983 Amendments The National Commission on Social Security Reform (NCSSR), chaired by Alan Greenspan , was empaneled to investigate the long-run solvency of Social Security.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the 1977 amendments, the economic assumptions surrounding Social Security projections continued to be overly optimistic as the program moved toward a crisis.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The 1983 Amendments to the SSA were based on the NCSSR's Final Report.^ The 1983 Amendments to the SSA were based on the NCSSR's Final Report.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 1983 Amendments The National Commission on Social Security Reform (NCSSR), chaired by Alan Greenspan , was empaneled to investigate the long-run solvency of Social Security.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

"Report of the .National Commission on Social Security Reform".^ Social Security Reform Has Withered but Program Still Needs Help .

^ As the most successful government domestic program in our nation's history, Social Security remains an American cornerstone.

^ Social Security's rising returns are based on the cumulative increase in wealth of the nation as a whole.

.http://www.ssa.gov/history/reports/gspan.html.^ See Organizational Structure of the Social Security Administration, http://www.ssa.gov/org/orgodisp.htm (last visited July 26, 2006).
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Click the title above or click this link ( http://www.firstgov.gov ) to go to the new U.S. Government website that is supposed to make it easier for you to find any government information.

^ Here is a link to the SSA-5 on SSA.gov http://www.fedforms.gov/bgfPortal/docDetails.do?dId=6575.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Retrieved 2008-03-15.
  The NCSSR recommended enacting a six-month delay in the COLA and changing the tax-rate schedules for the years between 1984 and 1990.[52] It also proposed an income tax on the Social Security benefits of higher-income individuals.
^ These "employment taxes" include income taxes, social security and Medicare ...
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Change my social security number?
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security uses your top years to get your benefits amt.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This meant that benefits in excess of a household income threshold, generally $25,000 for singles and $32,000 for couples (the precise formula computes and compares three different measures) became taxable.^ This meant that benefits in excess of a household income threshold, generally $25,000 for singles and $32,000 for couples (the precise formula computes and compares three different measures) became taxable.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The progressive benefit formula for Social Security is blind to the income a worker may have from non-wage sources, such as spousal support, dividends and interest, or rental income.
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^ Therefore, a person's taxable income for state purposes would include the federally taxed portion of any social security benefits.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

.These changes were important for generating revenue in the short term.^ These changes were important for generating revenue in the short term.
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^ Social Security was changed to withdraw funds from the independent "Trust Fund" and put it into the General Fund for additional congressional revenue.
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^ As a result of these changes, particularly the tax increases, the Social Security system began to generate a large (short run) surplus of funds, intended to cover the added retirement costs of the "boomers."

.Also of concern was the long-term prospect for Social Security because of demographic considerations.^ Also of concern was the long-term prospect for Social Security because of demographic considerations.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As far as social security is concerned we had a solution for that.
  • Republicans & Conservatives: Poor, African, Muslim AND a Democracy 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.watchblog.com [Source type: Original source]

^ September 4, 1997 The Social Security Administration reinstates a Web site shuttered in April following privacy concerns, giving taxpayers access to benefits calculations.
  • Social Security news on CNET 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC ces.cnet.com [Source type: General]

.Of particular concern was the issue of what would happen when people born during the post-World War II baby boom retired.^ Of particular concern was the issue of what would happen when people born during the post-World War II baby boom retired.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Had this happened in the corporate world, you can bet she would have already been kicked out the door by now.
  • 38,000 Social Security Numbers Potentially Exposed After Theft | The Hoya 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.thehoya.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Would all the safeguards in the world guarantee that this couldn't happen again?
  • 38,000 Social Security Numbers Potentially Exposed After Theft | The Hoya 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.thehoya.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The NCSSR made several recommendations for addressing the issue.^ The NCSSR made several recommendations for addressing the issue.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[53] .Under the 1983 amendments to Social Security, signed into law by President Ronald Reagan, a previously-enacted increase in the payroll tax rate was accelerated, additional employees were added to the system, the full-benefit retirement age was slowly increased, and up to one-half of the value of the Social Security benefit was made potentially taxable income.^ Under the 1983 amendments to Social Security, signed into law by President Ronald Reagan , a previously-enacted increase in the payroll tax rate was accelerated, additional employees were added to the system, the full-benefit retirement age was slowly increased, and up to one-half of the value of the Social Security benefit was made potentially taxable income.
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^ Retirement age is increasing.

^ Social Security Benefit Increases 2.7 Percent for 2005 .

[54][55]
.The 1983 Amendments and the Social Security Trust Fund
The 1983 Amendments also included a provision to exclude the Social Security Trust Fund from the unified budget (In political jargon, it was proposed to be taken “off-budget.”[citation needed] Yet today Social Security is treated like all the other trust funds of the Unified Budget.
^ The 1983 Amendments and the Social Security Trust Fund The 1983 Amendments also included a provision to exclude the Social Security Trust Fund from the unified budget (In political jargon, it was proposed to be taken “off-budget.” [ citation needed ] Yet today Social Security is treated like all the other trust funds of the Unified Budget.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Creation of the Social Security Trust Fund The amendments established a trust fund for any surplus funds.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 1983 legislation altered the funding practices of Social Security so that .

.August 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] It is a political way[citation needed] of using a cash budget instead of the more appropriate[citation needed] accrual budget, for all the budgets in the U.S. government.^ It is a political way [ citation needed ] of using a cash budget instead of the more appropriate [ citation needed ] accrual budget, for all the budgets in the U.S. government.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 1983 Amendments and the Social Security Trust Fund The 1983 Amendments also included a provision to exclude the Social Security Trust Fund from the unified budget (In political jargon, it was proposed to be taken “off-budget.” [ citation needed ] Yet today Social Security is treated like all the other trust funds of the Unified Budget.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If needed, use the feedback form to let us know more details.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.It is a way of disguising total debt.^ It is a way of disguising total debt.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.August 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed](Source: Webb, Roy, (1991).^ (Source: Webb, Roy, (1991).
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“The .Stealth Budget: Unfunded Liabilities of the Federal Government,” Economic Review (Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond), 77,2 May/June.^ George Mason University economics professor Walter E. Williams claimed that the federal government has broken its own promise regarding the maximum Social Security tax.
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^ The list of things the government could spend our SS contributions on besides the elderly can be seen by looking at the latest federal budget.

^ The Stealth Budget: Unfunded Liabilities of the Federal Government,” Economic Review (Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond), 77,2 May/June.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

) .This provision also provided for the exemption of Social Security and portions of the Medicare trust funds from any general budget cuts beginning in 1993.[45] This change was one way of trying to protect Social Security funds for the future.^ Social Security Fund 68.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Change my social security number?
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Fund 69.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.As a result of these changes, particularly the tax increases, the Social Security system began to generate a large short-term surplus of funds, intended to cover the added retirement costs of the "baby boomers."^ Creation of the Social Security Trust Fund The amendments established a trust fund for any surplus funds.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These changes were important for generating revenue in the short term.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Fund 68.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.Congress invested these surpluses into special series, non-marketable U.S. Treasury securities held by the Social Security Trust Fund.^ Creation of the Social Security Trust Fund The amendments established a trust fund for any surplus funds.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Fund 68.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Social Security Fund 69.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.Under the law, the government bonds held by Social Security are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government.^ Filed under: Social Security .
  • Cafferty File: Tell Jack how you really feel Social Security « - Blogs from CNN.com 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC caffertyfile.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

^ Under the law , the government bonds held by Social Security are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government.

^ Filed under: Government • Social Security .
  • Cafferty File: Tell Jack how you really feel Social Security « - Blogs from CNN.com 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC caffertyfile.blogs.cnn.com [Source type: General]

.Because the government had adopted the unified budget during the Johnson administration, this surplus offsets the total fiscal debt, making it look much smaller[citation needed].^ The government adopted a unified budget in the Johnson administration in 1968.
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^ Because the government had adopted the unified budget during the Johnson administration, this surplus offsets the total fiscal debt, making it look much smaller [ citation needed ] .
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^ The surplus in Social Security trust funds offsets the total debt , making it appear much smaller than it otherwise would.
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.There has been significant disagreement over whether the Social Security Trust Fund has been saved, or has been used to finance other government programs and other tax cuts.^ Social Security discourages private savings.

^ How do I pay Social Security tax?
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^ The OASI Trust Fund is invested in federal government securities.

The Supreme Court and the evolution of Social Security

.The Supreme Court has established that no one has any legal right to Social Security benefits.^ The Supreme Court has established that no one has any legal right to Social Security benefits.
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^ You have no legally enforceable rights to your Social Security benefits.

^ Nestor (1960), that "entitlement to Social Security benefits is not a contractual right".
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Court decided, in Flemming v. .Nestor (1960), that "entitlement to Social Security benefits is not a contractual right". In that case, Ephram Nestor, a Bulgarian immigrant to the United States who made contributions for covered wages for the statutorily required "quarters of coverage" was nonetheless denied benefits after being deported in 1956 for being a member of the Communist party.^ In that case, Ephram Nestor, a Bulgarian immigrant to the United States who made contributions for covered wages for the statutorily required "quarters of coverage" was nonetheless denied benefits after being deported in 1956 for being a member of the Communist party.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a woman who was covered by Social Security died, however, her dependents were ineligible for her benefits.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Points I am 7 points away from being able to receive my social security benefits.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The case specifically held:
.2. A person covered by the Social Security Act has not such a right in old-age benefit payments as would make every defeasance of "accrued" interests violative of the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment.^ Will her benefits be returned to the social security payment cente...
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A person covered by the Social Security Act has not such a right in old-age benefit payments as would make every defeasance of "accrued" interests violative of the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Would that be a problem if he dies before I do with regards to his social security benefits?
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pp. .608-611. (a) The noncontractual interest of an employee covered by the Act cannot be soundly analogized to that of the holder of an annuity, whose right to benefits are based on his contractual premium payments.^ The noncontractual interest of an employee covered by the Act cannot be soundly analogized to that of the holder of an annuity, whose right to benefits are based on his contractual premium payments.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Value of payments associated with enjoying housing rights--employees of the Defence Force   Subdivision D--Alternative methods of valuing housing fringe benefits 1157U .
  • SOCIAL SECURITY ACT 1991 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.austlii.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

^ Act 478 Revocation of Exemption From Payment 21-02-1992 of Stamp Duty 1992 Act A830 Employees’ Social Security (Amendment) 17-07-1992 (No.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

Pp. .608-610. (b) To engraft upon the Social Security System a concept of "accrued property rights" would deprive it of the flexibility and [363 U.S. 603, 604] boldness in adjustment to ever-changing conditions which it demands and which Congress probably had in mind when it expressly reserved the right to alter, amend or repeal any provision of the Act.^ This Act shifted the conception of Social Security into the pay-as-you-go system.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To engraft upon the Social Security System a concept of "accrued property rights" would deprive it of the flexibility and [363 U.S. 603, 604] boldness in adjustment to ever-changing conditions which it demands and which Congress probably had in mind when it expressly reserved the right to alter, amend or repeal any provision of the Act.
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^ SOCIAL SECURITY ACT 1991 .
  • SOCIAL SECURITY ACT 1991 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.austlii.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

Pp. .610-611. 3. Section 202 (n) of the Act cannot be condemned as so lacking in rational justification as to offend due process.^ Section 202 (n) of the Act cannot be condemned as so lacking in rational justification as to offend due process.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pp. .611-612. 4. Termination of appellee's benefits under 202 (n) does not amount to punishing him without a trial, in violation of Art.^ Termination of appellee's benefits under 202 (n) does not amount to punishing him without a trial, in violation of Art.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The right to receive any payment of any benefit or invalidity grant under this Act, and the amount of contributions payable under this Act, shall not be transferable or assignable.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ A ) Where any person has received any benefit or payment under this Act when he is not lawfully entitled to it, and subsequently becomes entitled to other benefits under this Act, the Organization shall recover the value of the benefit or the amount of such payment from that other benefit that he is entitled to.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

III, 2, cl. .3, of the Constitution or the Sixth Amendment; nor is 202 (n) a bill of attainder or ex post facto law, since its purpose is not punitive.^ Constitution or the Sixth Amendment; nor is 202 (n) a bill of attainder or ex post facto law, since its purpose is not punitive.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Pp. 612-621.[65]
.The Supreme Court was also responsible for major changes in Social Security.^ Change my social security number?
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Supreme Court was also responsible for major changes in Social Security.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Davis [ 126 ] , the Court examined the constitutionality of Social Security when George Davis of the Edison Electric Illuminating Company of Boston sued in connection with the Social Security tax.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Many of these cases were pivotal in changing the assumptions about differences in wage earning among men and women in the Social Security system.^ Change my social security number?
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many of these cases were pivotal in changing the assumptions about differences in wage earning among men and women in the Social Security system.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security was changed to withdraw funds from the independent "Trust Fund" and put it into the General Fund for additional congressional revenue.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[56]
  • Goldberg v. .Kelly (1970): The Supreme Court ruled that the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment required there to be an evidentiary hearing before a recipient can be deprived of government benefits.^ Kelly (1970): The Supreme Court ruled that the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment required there to be an evidentiary hearing before a recipient can be deprived of government benefits.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The Supreme Court has established that no one has any legal right to Social Security benefits.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A person covered by the Social Security Act has not such a right in old-age benefit payments as would make every defeasance of "accrued" interests violative of the Due Process Clause of the Fifth Amendment.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [27]
  • Weinburger v. .Wiesenfeld (1975): A widower claimed that he was entitled to his deceased wife’s benefit, even though he had not been dependent on his wife.^ Wiesenfeld (1975): A widower claimed that he was entitled to his deceased wife’s benefit, even though he had not been dependent on his wife.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Where a dependant is entitled to both survivors’ pension and dependants’ benefit, he may choose to receive the benefit which is payable at the higher rate.
    • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ The court upheld his claims, stating that automatically granting widows the benefits and denying them to widowers violated equal protection in the Fourteenth Amendment .
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .The court upheld his claims, stating that automatically granting widows the benefits and denying them to widowers violated equal protection in the Fourteenth Amendment.^ Every claim for a benefit or pension or invalidity grant shall be submitted in such form to such authority with such evidence in support of the claim, as may be prescribed by the regulations.
    • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Wait, so we can grant Equal Protection so long as the schools don't mention it?
    • Hit & Run > New at Reason: Steve Chapman on the Future of Gay Marriage - Reason Magazine 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.reason.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ STATE COURT IMPROVEMENTS. The Secretary shall reserve $10,000,000 for grants under section 438.
    • Children's Bureau Website - Laws and Policies: Compilation of Titles IV- B, IV- E and Related Sections of the Social Security Act - Draft 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.acf.hhs.gov [Source type: Original source]

    [57]

Dates of coverage for various workers

.
  • 1935 All workers in commerce and industry (except railroads) under age 65.
  • 1939 Age restriction eliminated; seamen, bank employees added; additional domestic workers and food-processing workers removed
  • 1946 Railroad and Social Security earnings combined to determine eligibility for and amount of survivor benefits.
  • 1950 Regularly employed farm and domestic workers.^ Additional regularly employed farm and domestic workers.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Regularly employed farm and domestic workers.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ All workers in commerce and industry (except railroads) under age 65.
    • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Nonfarm self-employed (except professional groups).^ Nonfarm self-employed (except professional groups).
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Professional self-employed except lawyers, dentists, doctors, and other medical groups.
    • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Remainder of professional self-employed except doctors.
    • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Federal civilian employees not under retirement system.^ Federal civilian employees not under retirement system.
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ At the option of the State, State and local government employees not under retirement system.
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Employees of state and local governments not covered under a retirement plan.
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Americans employed outside United States by American employer.^ Americans employed outside United States by American employer.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Amendments In June 1972, both houses of the United States Congress approved by overwhelming majorities 20% increases in benefits for 27.8 million Americans.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands.^ Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ People born in other territories, including Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, are United States citizens.
    • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

    .At the option of the State, State and local government employees not under retirement system.^ Employees of state and local governments not covered under a retirement plan.
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    ^ A State or local government.
    • Children's Bureau Website - Laws and Policies: Compilation of Titles IV- B, IV- E and Related Sections of the Social Security Act - Draft 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.acf.hhs.gov [Source type: Original source]

    ^ Federal civilian employees not under retirement system.
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    .Nonprofit organizations could elect coverage for their employees (other than ministers).
  • 1951 Railroad workers with less than 10 years of service, for all benefits.^ Wages received for service as an election worker, if less than $1,400 a year (in 2008).
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Nonprofit organizations could elect coverage for their employees (other than ministers).
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Railroad workers with less than 10 years of service, for all benefits.
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .(After October 1951, coverage is retroactive to 1937.)
  • 1954 Farm self-employed.^ (After October 1951, coverage is retroactive to 1937.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Farm self-employed.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Ministers could elect coverage as self-employed.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Professional self-employed except lawyers, dentists, doctors, and other medical groups. .Additional regularly employed farm and domestic workers.^ Additional regularly employed farm and domestic workers.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Regularly employed farm and domestic workers.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    Homeworkers. .State and local government employees (except firemen and policemen) under retirement system if agreed to by referendum.^ Employees of state and local governments not covered under a retirement plan.
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    ^ A State or local government.
    • Children's Bureau Website - Laws and Policies: Compilation of Titles IV- B, IV- E and Related Sections of the Social Security Act - Draft 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.acf.hhs.gov [Source type: Original source]

    ^ By referendum, firemen and policemen in designated States.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Ministers could elect coverage as self-employed.
  • 1956 Members of the uniformed services.^ Ministers could elect coverage as self-employed.
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    ^ Members of the uniformed services.
    • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Nonprofit organizations could elect coverage for their employees (other than ministers).
    • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Remainder of professional self-employed except doctors.^ Nonfarm self-employed (except professional groups).
    • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Self-employed doctors.
    • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Professional self-employed except lawyers, dentists, doctors, and other medical groups.
    • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .By referendum, firemen and policemen in designated States.
  • 1965 Interns.^ By referendum, firemen and policemen in designated States.
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ State and local government employees (except firemen and policemen) under retirement system if agreed to by referendum.
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Self-employed doctors.^ Self-employed doctors.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Professional self-employed except lawyers, dentists, doctors, and other medical groups.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Remainder of professional self-employed except doctors.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Tips.
  • 1967 Ministers (unless exemption is claimed on grounds of conscience or religious principles).^ Ministers (unless exemption is claimed on grounds of conscience or religious principles).
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    .Firemen under retirement system in all States.
  • 1972 Members of a religious order subject to a vow of poverty.
  • 1983 All federal civilian employees hired after 1983; members of Congress, the President and Vice-President and federal judges; all employees of nonprofit organizations.^ Employees of state and local governments not covered under a retirement plan.
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Federal civilian employees not under retirement system.
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ All federal civilian employees hired after 1983; members of Congress, the President and Vice-President and federal judges; all employees of nonprofit organizations.
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    .Covered state and local government employees prohibited from opting out of Social Security.
  • 1990 Employees of state and local governments not covered under a retirement plan.^ Employees of state and local governments not covered under a retirement plan.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ A State or local government.
    • Children's Bureau Website - Laws and Policies: Compilation of Titles IV- B, IV- E and Related Sections of the Social Security Act - Draft 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.acf.hhs.gov [Source type: Original source]

    ^ At the option of the State, State and local government employees not under retirement system.
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    • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [58]

Retirement, auxiliary, survivors, and disability benefits

.The largest component of OASDI is the payment of retirement benefits.^ The largest component of OASDI is the payment of retirement benefits.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Table 2.A25 summarizes the history of certain OASDI benefits other than monthly benefit payments.
  • Annual Statistical Supplement, 2008 - Social Security Program Description and Legislative History 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.segurosocial.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is equal to 0.9% of the benefit payments that Social Security made that year, or enough to pay monthly Social Security retirement benefits to 424,776 individual retired workers for one year.
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

.Throughout a worker's career, the Social Security Administration keeps track of his or her earnings.^ Social Security Administration · Social Security number .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is a press release from the Social Security Administration: .
  • Personal Injury and Social Security Disability Blog: Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.injury-and-disability.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Administration Act 1992 (c.
  • Social Security Administration Act 1992 (c. 5) 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.opsi.gov.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The amount of the monthly benefit to which the worker is entitled depends upon that earnings record and upon the age at which the retiree chooses to begin receiving benefits.^ The amount of the monthly benefit to which the worker is entitled depends upon that earnings record and upon the age at which the retiree chooses to begin receiving benefits.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These benefits depend on the worker’s earning history.
  • How Today's Social Security Works 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.heritage.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As with the retirement benefit, the amount of the disability benefit payable depends on the worker's age and record of covered earnings.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For the entire history of Social Security, benefits have been paid almost entirely by using revenue from payroll taxes.^ Social Security taxes and benefit payments began in January 1937.
  • Howstuffworks "How Social Security Numbers Work" 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.howstuffworks.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social security Spouse benefits .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security benefits are paid only on the amount of income that is subject to the Social Security payroll tax.
  • How Today's Social Security Works 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.heritage.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This is why Social Security is referred to as a pay-as-you-go system.^ For you, the Social Security system will not change in any way.''

^ Social Security is designed to pay: .
  • Social Security Benefits from MetLife 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.metlife.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The door was closed to the pay-as-you-go system because it was unsustainable.
  • EMPOWERING WORKERS: THE PRIVATIZATION OF SOCIAL SECURITY IN CHILE 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.cato.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Around 2017, payroll tax revenue is projected to be insufficient to cover Social Security benefits[citation needed] and the system will begin to withdraw money from the Social Security Trust Fund.^ Creation of the Social Security Trust Fund The amendments established a trust fund for any surplus funds.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Fund 68.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Around 2017, payroll tax revenue is projected to be insufficient to cover Social Security benefits [ citation needed ] and the system will begin to withdraw money from the Social Security Trust Fund .
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.The existence and economic significance of the Social Security Trust Fund is a subject of considerable dispute because its assets are special Treasury bonds; i.e., the money in the trust fund have been loaned back to the federal government to pay for other expenses (hence it is said that the fund consists of nothing but "IOUs").^ Social Security and back pay its been 6 mounts & i have not recived my back pay.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The existence and economic significance of the Social Security Trust Fund is a subject of considerable dispute because its assets are special Treasury bonds ; i.e., the money in the trust fund have been loaned back to the federal government to pay for other expenses (hence it is said that the fund consists of nothing but " IOUs ").
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Creation of the Social Security Trust Fund The amendments established a trust fund for any surplus funds.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Primary Insurance Amount

.A worker's retirement income benefit is based on his Primary Insurance Amount, or PIA. The PIA is the average of the highest 35 years of the worker's covered earnings (before deduction for FICA).^ A worker's retirement income benefit is based on his Primary Insurance Amount , or PIA. The PIA is the average of the highest 35 years of the worker's covered earnings (before deduction for FICA).
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As with the retirement benefit, the amount of the disability benefit payable depends on the worker's age and record of covered earnings.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you earned them before you retired, it m...
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Covered earnings in any year are limited by that year's Social Security Wage Base, the maximum earnings that could be subject to the OASDI portion of FICA payroll tax ($106,800 in 2010 [59]).^ There is no maximum limit on this portion of the tax.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Covered earnings in any year are limited by that year's Social Security Wage Base , the maximum earnings that could be subject to the OASDI portion of FICA payroll tax ($102,000 in 2008 [ 58 ] ).
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Amounts not considered "income" for income tax purposes are not considered "wages" for social security tax purposes.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

.If the worker has fewer than 35 years of covered earnings, zeros are used to bring the total number of years of earnings up to 35. Years of covered work more than 2 years before the year the worker turns 62 are indexed upward to reflect the increase in the national wage via the average wage index (AWI) from the time at which the earnings were covered in the past to the value of the AWI two years before the worker turns 62 (which is the most recent year available at the date the worker turns 62).^ Years of covered work more than 2 years before the year the worker turns 62 are indexed upward to reflect the increase in the national wage via the average wage index (AWI) from the time at which the earnings were covered in the past to the value of the AWI two years before the worker turns 62 (which is the most recent year available at the date the worker turns 62).
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^ One-twelfth of this 35-year average is the average indexed monthly earnings (AIME).
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If I work 3 more years and earn $65,000 ea...
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One-twelfth of this 35-year average is the average indexed monthly earnings (AIME).^ One-twelfth of this 35-year average is the average indexed monthly earnings (AIME).
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The worker’s Average Indexed Monthly Earnings (AIME), or average monthly salary, is calculated using the 35 years of indexed earnings.
  • How Today's Social Security Works 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.heritage.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the worker has fewer than 35 years of covered earnings, zeros are used to bring the total number of years of earnings up to 35.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The PIA then is 90% of the AIME up to the first (low) bendpoint, and 32% of the excess of AIME over the first bendpoint but not in excess of the second (high) bendpoint, plus 15% of the AIME in excess of the second bendpoint.^ The PIA then is 90% of the AIME up to the first (low) bendpoint, and 32% of the excess of AIME over the first bendpoint but not in excess of the second (high) bendpoint, plus 15% of the AIME in excess of the second bendpoint.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Primary insurance amount ( PIA ) equals 90% of the first $680 of AIME , plus 32% of AIME over $680 through $4,100 plus 15% of AIME over $4,100 .
  • Fast Facts & Figures About Social Security, 2007 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.socialsecurity.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2008, the bendpoints for calculating the PIA are a change from 90% to 32% at $711 and a change to 15% at $4,288.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bendpoints designate the point at which the rates of return on a beneficiary's AIME change.^ Bendpoints designate the point at which the rates of return on a beneficiary's AIME change.
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[60][61] .In 2008, the bendpoints for calculating the PIA are a change from 90% to 32% at $711 and a change to 15% at $4,288.[61][62] This PIA is then adjusted by automatic cost-of-living adjustments annually starting with the year the worker turns 62. Similar computations based on career average earnings determine disability and survivor benefits.^ Similar computations based on career average earnings determine disability and survivor benefits.
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^ Retirement, auxiliary, survivors, and disability benefits .
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 2008, the bendpoints for calculating the PIA are a change from 90% to 32% at $711 and a change to 15% at $4,288.
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.These alternate computations average less years of earnings when the worker dies or is disabled before age 62 and use different base years for the inflation adjustments.^ These alternate computations average less years of earnings when the worker dies or is disabled before age 62 and use different base years for the inflation adjustments.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Similar computations based on career average earnings determine disability and survivor benefits.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The eligibility formula requires a certain number of credits (based on earnings) to have been earned overall, and a certain number within the ten years immediately preceding the disability, but with more-lenient provisions for younger workers who become disabled before having had a chance to compile a long earnings history.
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Normal retirement age

.The earliest age at which (reduced) benefits are payable is 62. Full retirement benefits depend on a retiree's year of birth.^ I started receiving early retirement benefits at 62 years old.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Individuals can begin collecting reduced retirement benefits as early as age 62, and full retirement benefits can be claimed at 67 years old.

^ Unconventional Income I am considering retiring at age 62 (later this year).
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[63] .Those born before 1938 have a normal retirement age of 65. Normal retirement age increases by two months for each ensuing year of birth until the 1943 year of birth, when it stays at age 66 years until the year of birth 1955. Thereafter the normal retirement age increases again by two months for each year ending in the 1960 year of birth, when normal retirement age stops at age 67 for all born thereafter.^ Persons born in 1960 or later will not receive full retirement benefits until age 67.
  • Social Protection legal definition of Social Protection. Social Protection synonyms by the Free Online Law Dictionary. 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Workers born before 1938 can receive full retirement benefits starting at age 65.
  • How Today's Social Security Works 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.heritage.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Those born after 1926 receive increases ranging from 3 1/2% to 8% per year.
  • Legal Aid Center of Southern Nevada - Social Security Project 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.lacsn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A worker who starts benefits before normal retirement age has their benefit reduced based on the number of months before normal retirement age they start benefits.^ The benefit is equal to the worker's full retirement benefit for spouses who are at, or older than, normal retirement age.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no increase for starting spousal benefits after normal retirement age.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the surviving spouse starts benefits before normal retirement age, there is an actuarial reduction.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This reduction is 5/9 of 1% for each month up to 36 and then 5/12 of 1% for each additional month.^ This reduction is 5/9 of 1% for each month up to 36 and then 5/12 of 1% for each additional month.
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This formula gives an 80% benefit at age 62 for a worker with a normal retirement age of 65, a 75% benefit at age 62 for a worker with a normal retirement age of 66, and a 70% benefit at age 62 for a worker with a normal retirement age of 67.
.A worker who delays starting retirement benefits past normal retirement age earns delayed retirement credits that increase their benefit until they reach age 70. These credits are also applied to their widow(er)'s benefit.^ The benefit is equal to the worker's full retirement benefit for spouses who are at, or older than, normal retirement age.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no increase for starting spousal benefits after normal retirement age.
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^ The earliest age for a nondisabled widow(er)'s benefit is age 60.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Children and spouse benefits are not affected by these credits.^ Children and spouse benefits are not affected by these credits.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus a worker can delay retirement without affecting spousal and children's benefits.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These credits are also applied to their widow(er)'s benefit.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The normal retirement age for widow(er) benefits shifts the year-of-birth schedule upward by two years, so that those widow(er)s born before 1940 have age 65 as their normal retirement age.^ The earliest age for a nondisabled widow(er)'s benefit is age 60.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Benefits by year of birth .
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The normal retirement age for widow(er) benefits shifts the year-of-birth schedule upward by two years, so that those widow(er)s born before 1940 have age 65 as their normal retirement age.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Spouse's benefit

.Any current spouse is eligible, and divorced or former spouses are eligible generally if the marriage lasts for at least 10 years.^ Any current spouse is eligible, and divorced or former spouses are eligible generally if the marriage lasts for at least 10 years.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To be eligible for widows benefits you must be at least 60 years old and have been married to the Hu...
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ FAR more takers for Polygamy than Gay Marriage, by a factor seven at least, five years after national Gay Marriage.
  • Hit & Run > New at Reason: Steve Chapman on the Future of Gay Marriage - Reason Magazine 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.reason.com [Source type: Original source]

.(Civil marriages of same sex couples are not recognized by OASDI for spousal benefits because the federal DOMA law excludes them for federal recognition.^ (Civil marriages of same sex couples are not recognized by OASDI for spousal benefits because the federal DOMA law excludes them for federal recognition.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security cannot "prefund" by investing in marketable assets such as equities, because federal law prohibits it from investing in assets other than those backed by the U.S. government.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the government was held to the same financial laws that corporations are held to, every single legislator would be in Federal PMITA prison.

) .While it is arithmetically possible for one worker to generate spousal benefits for up to five of his/her spouses that he/she may have, each must be in succession after a proper divorce for each after a marriage of at least ten years.^ Only after the worker applies for retirement benefits may the non-working spouse apply for spousal retirement benefits.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Any current spouse is eligible, and divorced or former spouses are eligible generally if the marriage lasts for at least 10 years.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ While it is arithmetically possible for one worker to generate spousal benefits for up to five of his/her spouses that he/she may have, each must be in succession after a proper divorce for each after a marriage of at least ten years.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Because age 70 is the latest retirement age, and because no state recognizes marriage before teenage years, there are no more than 5 successive spousal benefits in ten-year intervals.^ Age for full retirement benefit for retired workers .
  • Fast Facts & Figures About Social Security, 2007 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.socialsecurity.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no increase for starting spousal benefits after normal retirement age.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We all should get a copy and read it before there is no more .
  • Obama is Turning Social Security into Welfare | The Foundry: Conservative Policy News. 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC blog.heritage.org [Source type: Original source]

.This spousal retirement benefit is half the PIA of the worker; this is different from the spousal survivor benefit, which is the full PIA. The benefit is the product of the PIA, times one half, times the early-retirement factor if the spouse is younger than normal retirement age.^ Only after the worker applies for retirement benefits may the non-working spouse apply for spousal retirement benefits.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The benefit is equal to the worker's full retirement benefit for spouses who are at, or older than, normal retirement age.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no increase for starting spousal benefits after normal retirement age.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There is no increase for starting spousal benefits after normal retirement age.^ If the surviving spouse starts benefits before normal retirement age, there is an actuarial reduction.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no increase for starting spousal benefits after normal retirement age.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Normal retirement age .
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This can occur if there is a married couple in which the younger person is the only worker and is more than 5 years younger.^ The taxes stopped when the worker earned more than $3000 for that year.
  • Social Security Questions | Law Offices of Ed Goldner | San Antonio, Texas Disability El Paso, Midland, Odessa, TX 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.edgoldner.com [Source type: General]

^ This can occur if there is a married couple in which the younger person is the only worker and is more than 5 years younger.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only workers younger than 55 will be able to particpate in this program.

.Only after the worker applies for retirement benefits may the non-working spouse apply for spousal retirement benefits.^ Only after the worker applies for retirement benefits may the non-working spouse apply for spousal retirement benefits.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Retirement benefits for a divorced spouse .
  • Social Security Handbook | SocialSecurityHop.com 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC socialsecurityhop.com [Source type: General]

^ When you retire, benefits may be paid to: .
  • Social Security Benefits from MetLife 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.metlife.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Note that, since the passage of the Senior Citizens' Freedom to Work Act, in 2000, the spouse and children of a worker who has reached normal retirement age can receive benefits on the worker's record whether the worker is receiving benefits or not.^ The benefit is equal to the worker's full retirement benefit for spouses who are at, or older than, survivor's normal retirement age.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Children of retired or disabled workers are also eligible to receive monthly benefits.
  • Annual Statistical Supplement, 2008 - Social Security Program Description and Legislative History 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.segurosocial.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The spouse of a retired or disabled worker can elect monthly benefits as early as age 62.
  • Annual Statistical Supplement, 2008 - Social Security Program Description and Legislative History 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.segurosocial.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Thus a worker can delay retirement without affecting spousal and children's benefits.^ Children of retired or disabled workers are also eligible to receive monthly benefits.
  • Annual Statistical Supplement, 2008 - Social Security Program Description and Legislative History 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.segurosocial.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Age for full retirement benefit for retired workers .
  • Fast Facts & Figures About Social Security, 2007 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.socialsecurity.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Children of retired workers .
  • Social Security (OASDI)--Benefits, by Type of Beneficiary statistics - USA Census numbers 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.allcountries.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The worker may have to begin receipt of benefits, to allow the spousal/children's benefits to begin, and then subsequently suspend his/her own benefits in order to continue the postponement of benefits in exchange for an increased benefit amount.[citation needed]

Widow's benefits

.If a worker covered by Social Security dies, a surviving spouse can receive survivors' benefits.^ Social Security retirement benefits My husband recently died.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If a woman who was covered by Social Security died, however, her dependents were ineligible for her benefits.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Would that be a problem if he dies before I do with regards to his social security benefits?
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In some instances, survivors' benefits are available even to a divorced spouse.^ In some instances, survivors' benefits are available even to a divorced spouse.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Documents for benefits from divorced spouse .
  • Social Security Handbook | SocialSecurityHop.com 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC socialsecurityhop.com [Source type: General]

^ Benefits from divorced spouse's record .
  • Social Security Handbook | SocialSecurityHop.com 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC socialsecurityhop.com [Source type: General]

.A father or mother with minor or disabled children in his or her care can receive benefits which are not actuarially reduced.^ A father or mother with minor or disabled children in his or her care can receive benefits which are not actuarially reduced.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Qualification for carer allowance--caring for either 1 or 2 disabled children   954 .
  • SOCIAL SECURITY ACT 1991 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.austlii.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

^ D ) The term “period of credit” in subsection (3C ) means the period during which the insured person receives temporary disablement benefit and the employer does not pay any wages to the insured person.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.The earliest age for a nondisabled widow(er)'s benefit is age 60. The benefit is equal to the worker's full retirement benefit for spouses who are at, or older than, normal retirement age.^ The benefit is equal to the worker's full retirement benefit for spouses who are at, or older than, normal retirement age.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The earliest age for a nondisabled widow(er)'s benefit is age 60.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Normal retirement age .
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If the surviving spouse starts benefits before normal retirement age, there is an actuarial reduction.^ There is no increase for starting spousal benefits after normal retirement age.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the surviving spouse starts benefits before normal retirement age, there is an actuarial reduction.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Normal retirement age .
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[64] .If the worker earned delayed retirement credits by waiting to start benefits after their normal retirement age, the surviving spouse will have those credits applied to their benefit.^ Only after the worker applies for retirement benefits may the non-working spouse apply for spousal retirement benefits.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The benefit is equal to the worker's full retirement benefit for spouses who are at, or older than, normal retirement age.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no increase for starting spousal benefits after normal retirement age.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]

Children's benefits

.Children of a retired, disabled or deceased worker receive benefits as a "dependent" or "survivor" if they are under the age of 18, or between 18 and 19 and have not yet graduated from high school, or are over the age of 18 and were disabled before the age of 22.[64] In a landmark case, the 8th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals decided that a child is entitled to survivor benefits even though she was born two years after her father's death, having been conceived by in vitro fertilization.^ Criteria applicable to individuals age 18 and over and to children under age 18 where criteria are appropriate.
  • Health Hippo: Evaluations of Social Security Disability 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC hippo.findlaw.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Persons not entitled to receive benefits in certain cases 44.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Technically, Disability ends at age 64 1/2.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[65]

Disability

.A worker who has worked long enough and recently enough (based on "quarters of coverage" within the recent past) to be covered can receive disability benefits.^ A worker who has worked long enough and recently enough (based on "quarters of coverage" within the recent past) to be covered can receive disability benefits.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I recently was approved for disability widow benefits.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In that case, Ephram Nestor, a Bulgarian immigrant to the United States who made contributions for covered wages for the statutorily required "quarters of coverage" was nonetheless denied benefits after being deported in 1956 for being a member of the Communist party.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These benefits start after five full calendar months of disability, regardless of his or her age.^ These benefits start after five full calendar months of disability, regardless of his or her age.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ CFR 406.12 Individual under age 65 who is entitled to social security or railroad retirement disability benefits (25-month requirement; deemed retroactive entitlement; duration; SGA).
  • Health Hippo: Evaluations of Social Security Disability 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC hippo.findlaw.com [Source type: Academic]

^ These alternate computations average less years of earnings when the worker dies or is disabled before age 62 and use different base years for the inflation adjustments.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The eligibility formula requires a certain number of credits (based on earnings) to have been earned overall, and a certain number within the ten years immediately preceding the disability, but with more-lenient provisions for younger workers who become disabled before having had a chance to compile a long earnings history.^ The taxes stopped when the worker earned more than $3000 for that year.
  • Social Security Questions | Law Offices of Ed Goldner | San Antonio, Texas Disability El Paso, Midland, Odessa, TX 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.edgoldner.com [Source type: General]

^ The eligibility formula requires a certain number of credits (based on earnings) to have been earned overall, and a certain number within the ten years immediately preceding the disability, but with more-lenient provisions for younger workers who become disabled before having had a chance to compile a long earnings history.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Disability benefits are paid to workers who have been disabled for at least one year.
  • How Today's Social Security Works 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.heritage.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The worker must be unable to continue in his or her previous job and unable to adjust to other work, with age, education, and work experience taken into account; furthermore, the disability must be long-term, lasting 12 months, expected to last 12 months, resulting in death, or expected to result in death.^ To qualify, a worker must be unable to do any kind of substantial work because of physical or mental disabilities, which are expected either to last at least 12 months or to result in death.
  • How Today's Social Security Works 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.heritage.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The worker must be unable to continue in his or her previous job and unable to adjust to other work, with age, education, and work experience taken into account; furthermore, the disability must be long-term, lasting 12 months, expected to last 12 months, resulting in death, or expected to result in death.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Your "disability" must be expected to last for a minimum of 12 months or expected to result in death.
  • Legal Aid Center of Southern Nevada - Social Security Project 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.lacsn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[66] .As with the retirement benefit, the amount of the disability benefit payable depends on the worker's age and record of covered earnings.^ Children of retired or disabled workers are also eligible to receive monthly benefits.
  • Annual Statistical Supplement, 2008 - Social Security Program Description and Legislative History 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.segurosocial.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The spouse of a retired or disabled worker can elect monthly benefits as early as age 62.
  • Annual Statistical Supplement, 2008 - Social Security Program Description and Legislative History 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.segurosocial.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The year of eligibility for retirement benefits is the year the worker attains age 62.
  • Annual Statistical Supplement, 2008 - Social Security Program Description and Legislative History 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.segurosocial.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Supplemental Security Income (SSI) uses the same disability criteria as the insured social security disability program, but SSI is not based upon insurance coverage.^ The Social Security Administration administers two programs that provide benefits based on disability: the Social Security disability program ( Title II ) and the supplemental security income program ( Title XVI ).
  • Health Hippo: Evaluations of Social Security Disability 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC hippo.findlaw.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Social Security disability benefits are not awarded based solely on a diagnosis.

^ Supplemental Security Income (SSI) uses the same disability criteria as the insured social security disability program, but SSI is not based upon insurance coverage.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Instead, a system of means-testing is used to determine whether the claimants' income and net worth fall below certain income and asset thresholds.^ Meaning of asset-test exempt income stream --lifetime income streams   9B .
  • SOCIAL SECURITY ACT 1991 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.austlii.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

^ Instead, a system of means-testing is used to determine whether the claimants' income and net worth fall below certain income and asset thresholds.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The testing facility must determine whether exercise testing present a significant risk to the individual; if it does, the reason for not performing the test must be reported in writing.
  • Health Hippo: Evaluations of Social Security Disability 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC hippo.findlaw.com [Source type: Academic]

.Severely disabled children may qualify for SSI. Standards for child disability are different from those for adults.^ Severely disabled children may qualify for SSI. Standards for child disability are different from those for adults.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ SSI is available for disabled children and adults, though SSI is determined differently for both groups.

^ SSI is available for disabled children and adults, though SSI is determined differently for both groups...

.Disability determination at the Social Security Administration has created the largest system of administrative courts in the United States.^ Social Security disability .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is the Social Security Disability hearing like?
  • Social Security Lawyer,Social Security Disability Lawyer,SSI Lawyer - MD, DC, VA 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.gblawyers.com [Source type: Original source]

^ What is the definition of disability used by the Social Security Administration?
  • Social Security Lawyer,Social Security Disability Lawyer,SSI Lawyer - MD, DC, VA 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.gblawyers.com [Source type: Original source]

.Depending on the state of residence, a claimant whose initial application for benefits is denied can request reconsideration or a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge.^ The disabled are currently waiting longer than ever for a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge.
  • Personal Injury and Social Security Disability Blog: Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.injury-and-disability.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Administrative Law Judges (ALJs) conduct hearings and issue decisions.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The number of hearings requested and availability of Administrative Law Judges varies geographically across the United States.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Such hearings sometimes involve participation of an independent vocational expert (VE) or medical expert (ME), as called upon by the ALJ.
.Reconsideration involves a re-examination of the evidence and, in some cases, the opportunity for a hearing before a (non-attorney) disability hearing officer.^ Reconsideration involves a re-examination of the evidence, and the opportunity for a hearing before a (non- Attorney at law ) disability hearing officer.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Insured person dies before medical board examination 33A. Where an insured person, having submitted his notice of invalidity or application for reference to the medical board for determination of the disablement question in accordance with the regulations, dies before being examined by a medical board, the Organization may in its discretion, subject to any available medical evidence to its satisfaction, refer such a case to the medical board for determination of the invalidity question or disablement question.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Continuation of qualification for carer allowance for 4 weeks in some cases where recipient's disabled child dies   Subdivision C--Death of recipient 992M .
  • SOCIAL SECURITY ACT 1991 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.austlii.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

.The hearing officer then issues a decision in writing, providing justification for his/her finding.^ The hearing officer then issues a decision in writing, providing justification for his/her finding.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the hearing, the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) issues a decision in writing.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Administrative Law Judges (ALJs) conduct hearings and issue decisions.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.If the claimant is denied at the reconsideration stage, (s)he may request a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge.^ The disabled are currently waiting longer than ever for a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge.
  • Personal Injury and Social Security Disability Blog: Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.injury-and-disability.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Administrative Law Judges (ALJs) conduct hearings and issue decisions.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Q: If the Administrative Law Judge denies my claim, can I appeal any more?
  • Jon Gelman, LLC - Attorney at Law > Practice Areas > Social Security/Medicare 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC gelmans.com [Source type: Original source]

.In some states, SSA has implemented a pilot program that eliminates the reconsideration step and allows claimants to appeal an initial denial directly to an Administrative Law Judge.^ Q: If the Administrative Law Judge denies my claim, can I appeal any more?
  • Jon Gelman, LLC - Attorney at Law > Practice Areas > Social Security/Medicare 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC gelmans.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If the recommendation of the administrative law judge conducting the hearing is adverse, the claimant may appeal to the SSA Appeals Council.
  • Social Protection legal definition of Social Protection. Social Protection synonyms by the Free Online Law Dictionary. 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Depending on the state of residence, a claimant whose initial application for benefits is denied can request reconsideration or a hearing before an Administrative Law Judge .
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Because the number of applications for Social Security is very large (approximately 650,000 applications per year), the number of hearings requested by claimants often exceeds the capacity of Administrative Law Judges.^ Social Security Administration · Social Security number .
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Getting Social Security mid year .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However 89% requested the insured's Social Security Number for application of insurance.
  • EPIC - Social Security Numbers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC epic.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The number of hearings requested and availability of Administrative Law Judges varies geographically across the United States.^ Administrative Law Judges (ALJs) conduct hearings and issue decisions.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The number of hearings requested and availability of Administrative Law Judges varies geographically across the United States.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To disability advocates across the United States: .
  • JFActivist: Social Security 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jfactivist.typepad.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In some areas of the country, it is possible for a claimant to have a hearing with an Administrative Law Judge within 90 days of his/her request.^ Administrative Law Judges (ALJs) conduct hearings and issue decisions.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In some areas of the country, it is possible for a claimant to have a hearing with an Administrative Law Judge within 90 days of his/her request.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the hearing, the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) issues a decision in writing.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In other areas, waiting times of 18 months are not uncommon.^ In other areas, waiting times of 18 months are not uncommon.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a few areas of the country the wait is only three months.
  • Social Security Lawyer,Social Security Disability Lawyer,SSI Lawyer - MD, DC, VA 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.gblawyers.com [Source type: Original source]

.After the hearing, the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) issues a decision in writing.^ Administrative Law Judges (ALJs) conduct hearings and issue decisions.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The hearing officer then issues a decision in writing, providing justification for his/her finding.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the hearing, the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) issues a decision in writing.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The decision can be Fully Favorable (the ALJ finds the claimant disabled as of the date that (s) he alleges in the application through the present), Partially Favorable (the ALJ finds the claimant disabled at some point, but not as of the date alleged in the application; OR the ALJ finds that the claimant was disabled but has improved), or Unfavorable (the ALJ finds that the claimant was not disabled at all).^ Application to review compensation decision --disability support pension   1185 .
  • SOCIAL SECURITY ACT 1991 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.austlii.edu.au [Source type: Academic]

.Claimants can appeal Partially Favorable and Unfavorable decisions to Social Security's Appeals Council, which is in Virginia.^ Claimants can appeal Partially Favorable and Unfavorable decisions to Social Security's Appeals Council, which is in Virginia .
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social security appeal tribunals .
  • Social Security Administration Act 1992 (c. 5) 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.opsi.gov.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ My social security appeal was Full Favorable from the social security administration .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Appeals Council does not hold hearings; it accepts written briefs.^ The Appeals Council does not hold hearings; it accepts written briefs.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Appeals Council considers appeals from hearing decisions, and acts as the final level of administrative review for the Social Security Administration."
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Reconsideration by a second SSA eligibility worker, Hearing before an Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) Appeals Council review of the record, and Federal court judicial review.
  • Legal Aid Center of Southern Nevada - Social Security Project 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.lacsn.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Response time from the Appeals Council can range from 12 weeks to more than 3 years.^ Response time from the Appeals Council can range from 12 weeks to more than 3 years.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If we had just taken a few pieces of reform at a time, passing a series of them over a few years, we would have been much more successful IMO. --- My thoughts are mine and mine alone.
  • Blue Mass. Group:: Like health care bill - Social Security Act was disparaged from right and left 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.bluemassgroup.com [Source type: General]

^ M. One or more of the following infections (other than described in A-L, above), resistant to treatment or requiring hospitalization or intravenous treatment 3 or more times in 1 year (or evaluate sequelae under the criteria for the affected body system).
  • Health Hippo: Evaluations of Social Security Disability 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC hippo.findlaw.com [Source type: Academic]

.If the claimant disagrees with the Appeals Council's decision, (s)he can appeal the case in the federal district court for his/her jurisdiction.^ If the claimant disagrees with the Appeals Council's decision, (s)he can appeal the case in the federal district court for his/her jurisdiction.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Claimants can appeal Partially Favorable and Unfavorable decisions to Social Security's Appeals Council, which is in Virginia .
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Appeals Council considers appeals from hearing decisions, and acts as the final level of administrative review for the Social Security Administration."
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As in most federal court cases, an unfavorable district court decision can be appealed to the appropriate United States Court of Appeals, and an unfavorable appellate court decision can be appealed to the United States Supreme Court.^ As in most federal court cases, an unfavorable district court decision can be appealed to the appropriate appellate circuit court, and an unfavorable appellate court decision can be appealed to the United States Supreme Court .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If the claimant disagrees with the Appeals Council's decision, (s)he can appeal the case in the federal district court for his/her jurisdiction.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Claimants can appeal Partially Favorable and Unfavorable decisions to Social Security's Appeals Council, which is in Virginia .
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Estimated net Social Security benefits under differing circumstances

Single men with different wages and retirement dates
.In 2004, Urban Institute economists C. Eugene Steuerle and Adam Carasso created a Web-based Social Security benefits calculator.^ Single men with different wages and retirement dates In 2004, Urban Institute economists C. Eugene Steuerle and Adam Carasso created a Web-based Social Security benefits calculator.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I am receiving Social Security benefits and working.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security disability benefits are not awarded based solely on a diagnosis.

[67] .Using this calculator it is possible to estimate net Social Security benefits (i.e., estimated lifetime benefits minus estimated lifetime FICA taxes paid) for different types of recipients.^ Social Security uses your top years to get your benefits amt.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, individual states may tax social security benefits.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ How do I pay Social Security tax?
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the book Democrats and Republicans - Rhetoric and Reality Joseph Fried used the calculator to create graphical depictions of the estimated net benefits of men and women who were at different wage levels, single and married (with stay-at-home spouses), and retiring in different years.^ Fried, Joseph, Democrats and Republicans - Rhetoric and Reality (New York: Algora Publishing, 2008), 212.
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^ In the book Democrats and Republicans - Rhetoric and Reality Joseph Fried used the calculator to create graphical depictions of the estimated net benefits of men and women who were at different wage levels, single and married (with stay-at-home spouses), and retiring in different years.
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^ Fried, Joseph, Democrats and Republicans - Rhetoric and Reality (New York: Algora Publishing, 2008), 205.
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.These graphs vividly show that generalizations about Social Security benefits may be of little predictive value for any given worker, due to the wide disparity of net benefits for people at different income levels and in different demographic groups.^ These graphs vividly show that generalizations about Social Security benefits may be of little predictive value for any given worker, due to the wide disparity of net benefits for people at different income levels and in different demographic groups.
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^ It also proposed an income tax on the Social Security benefits of higher-income individuals.
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^ Estimated net Social Security benefits under differing circumstances .
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.For example, the graph below (Figure 168) shows the impact of wage level and retirement date on a male worker.^ For example, the graph below (Figure 168) shows the impact of wage level and retirement date on a male worker.
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^ Review Figure 166 carefully: The net benefits drop as the wage levels increase from $50,000 to $95,000; however, they increase as the wage levels grow from $5,000 to $50,000.
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^ However, we do see the impact of gender and wage level.
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.As income goes up, net benefits get smaller - even negative.^ As income goes up, net benefits get smaller - even negative.
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^ Finally, people who derive a high percentage of income from non-wage sources get high Social Security net benefits because they appear to be "poor," when they are not.
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Impact of gender and wage levels on net SS benefits
.However, the impact is much greater for the future retiree (in 2045) than for the current retiree (2005).^ Impact of gender and wage levels on net SS benefits However, the impact is much greater for the future retiree (in 2045) than for the current retiree (2005).
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^ Some economists believe future productivity growth will be higher than the current projections by the Social Security Trustees.
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.The male earning $95,000 per year and retiring in 2045 is estimated to lose over $200,000 by participating in the Social Security system.^ Retirement and Social Security I will be 62 in one year, I actually need to retire in 1 1/2 years.
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^ The male earning $95,000 per year and retiring in 2045 is estimated to lose over $200,000 by participating in the Social Security system.
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^ I work and make 43,000 per year.
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[68]
.In the next graph (Figure 165) the depicted net benefits are averaged for people turning age 65 anytime during the years 2005 through 2045. (In other words, the disparities shown are not related to retirement.^ Question: I will be turning 65 years of age on February 25,2009.
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^ (In other words, the disparities shown are not related to retirement.
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^ In the next graph (Figure 165) the depicted net benefits are averaged for people turning age 65 anytime during the years 2005 through 2045.
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) .However, we do see the impact of gender and wage level.^ However, we do see the impact of gender and wage level.
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^ For example, the graph below (Figure 168) shows the impact of wage level and retirement date on a male worker.
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^ Review Figure 166 carefully: The net benefits drop as the wage levels increase from $50,000 to $95,000; however, they increase as the wage levels grow from $5,000 to $50,000.
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.Because women tend to live longer, they generally collect Social Security benefits for a longer time.^ Because women tend to live longer, they generally collect Social Security benefits for a longer time.
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^ Teachers and Social Security I collect a teacher's pension.
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^ I am receiving Social Security benefits and working.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.As a result, they get a higher net benefit, on average, no matter what the wage level.^ As a result, they get a higher net benefit, on average, no matter what the wage level.
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^ "Our precious children" are doing horrible no matter who their parents are, no matter how many parents they have, and no matter what sexes their parents may be.
  • Hit & Run > New at Reason: Steve Chapman on the Future of Gay Marriage - Reason Magazine 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.reason.com [Source type: Original source]

^ If they won't admit no-fault divorce has had disasterous results, why would you think they'll admit the possibility of gay marriage being a disaster.
  • Hit & Run > New at Reason: Steve Chapman on the Future of Gay Marriage - Reason Magazine 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC www.reason.com [Source type: Original source]

[69]
Net lifetime SS benefits of married men and women where only one person works
.The next image (Figure 166) shows estimated net benefits for married men and women at different wage levels.^ Estimated net Social Security benefits under differing circumstances .
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^ Net lifetime SS benefits of married men and women where only one person works The next image (Figure 166) shows estimated net benefits for married men and women at different wage levels.
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^ In the book Democrats and Republicans - Rhetoric and Reality Joseph Fried used the calculator to create graphical depictions of the estimated net benefits of men and women who were at different wage levels, single and married (with stay-at-home spouses), and retiring in different years.
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.In this particular scenario it is assumed that the spouse has little or no earnings and, thus, will be entitled to collect a spousal retirement benefit.^ In this particular scenario it is assumed that the spouse has little or no earnings and, thus, will be entitled to collect a spousal retirement benefit.
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^ Only after the worker applies for retirement benefits may the non-working spouse apply for spousal retirement benefits.
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^ While employees who earned $50,000 per year would have collected $1,302 per month in Social Security benefits, the private plan paid them $6,843 per month.
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According to Fried:
."Two significant factors are evident: First, every column in Figure 166 depicts a net benefit that is higher than any column in Figure 165. In other words, the average married person (with a stay-at-home spouse) gets a greater benefit per FICA tax dollar paid than does the average single person - no matter what the gender or wage level.^ As a result, they get a higher net benefit, on average, no matter what the wage level.
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^ At the $95,000 wage level a married person could be a big winner - getting net benefits of about $165,000.
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^ In other words, the average married person (with a stay-at-home spouse) gets a greater benefit per FICA tax dollar paid than does the average single person - no matter what the gender or wage level.
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.Second, there is only limited progressivity among married workers with stay-at-home spouses.^ Second, there is only limited progressivity among married workers with stay-at-home spouses.
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^ Only after the worker applies for retirement benefits may the non-working spouse apply for spousal retirement benefits.
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^ Higher productivity means each worker makes more, but since their contribution is capped, there's a limit to how much you can tap that increased productivity.

.Review Figure 166 carefully: The net benefits drop as the wage levels increase from $50,000 to $95,000; however, they increase as the wage levels grow from $5,000 to $50,000. In fact, net benefits are lowest for those earning just $5,000 per year."^ In fact, net benefits are lowest for those earning just $5,000 per year."
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^ Review Figure 166 carefully: The net benefits drop as the wage levels increase from $50,000 to $95,000; however, they increase as the wage levels grow from $5,000 to $50,000.
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^ As a result, they get a higher net benefit, on average, no matter what the wage level.
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[70]
.The last graph shown (Figure 167) is a combination of Figures 165 and 166. In this graph it is very clear why generalizations about the value of Social Security benefits are meaningless.^ In this graph it is very clear why generalizations about the value of Social Security benefits are meaningless.
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^ I am receiving Social Security benefits and working.
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^ The last graph shown (Figure 167) is a combination of Figures 165 and 166.
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.At the $95,000 wage level a married person could be a big winner - getting net benefits of about $165,000. On the other hand, he could lose an estimated $152,000 in net benefits if he remains single.^ On the other hand, he could lose an estimated $152,000 in net benefits if he remains single.
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^ At the $95,000 wage level a married person could be a big winner - getting net benefits of about $165,000.
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^ In other words, the average married person (with a stay-at-home spouse) gets a greater benefit per FICA tax dollar paid than does the average single person - no matter what the gender or wage level.
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.Altogether, there is a "swing" of over $300,000 based upon the marriage decision (and the division of earnings between the spouses).^ Altogether, there is a "swing" of over $300,000 based upon the marriage decision (and the division of earnings between the spouses).
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^ Is the $14,000 limit I can earn based upon my gross pay or my net pay (after pre-tax deductions).
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.In addition there is a large disparity between the high net benefits of the married person earning $95,000 ($165,152) versus the relatively low net benefits of the man or woman earning just $5,000 ($30,025 or $41,890, depending on gender).^ In fact, net benefits are lowest for those earning just $5,000 per year."
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^ In addition there is a large disparity between the high net benefits of the married person earning $95,000 ($165,152) versus the relatively low net benefits of the man or woman earning just $5,000 ($30,025 or $41,890, depending on gender).
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^ At the $95,000 wage level a married person could be a big winner - getting net benefits of about $165,000.
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.In other words, the high earner, in this scenario, gets a far greater return on his FICA tax investment than does the low earner.^ In other words, the high earner, in this scenario, gets a far greater return on his FICA tax investment than does the low earner.
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^ I have previously argued, however, that international income taxation does not necessarily impact cross-border investment and trade in the context of less-developed countries due to global tax competition and other factors.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On the other hand, far fewer people are covered by SSTAs than by income tax treaties.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

[71]
Comparison of net SS benefits
.In the book How Social Security Picks Your Pocket other factors affecting Social Security net benefits are identified: Generally, people who work for more than 35 years get a lower net benefit - all other factors being equal.^ Comparison of net SS benefits In the book How Social Security Picks Your Pocket other factors affecting Social Security net benefits are identified: Generally, people who work for more than 35 years get a lower net benefit - all other factors being equal.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Points I am 7 points away from being able to receive my social security benefits.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security uses your top years to get your benefits amt.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.People who don't live long after retirement age get a much lower net benefit.^ People who don't live long after retirement age get a much lower net benefit.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don't know when I will retire, but when I do, will my social security be reduced and if so, by how much?
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A worker who has enough Social Security credits to qualify for benefits, but who is not currently receiving benefits on his or her own Social Security record and who is not a Medicare beneficiary, can obtain an estimate of the retirement benefit that will be provided, for different assumptions about age at retirement.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Finally, people who derive a high percentage of income from non-wage sources get high Social Security net benefits because they appear to be "poor," when they are not.^ It also proposed an income tax on the Social Security benefits of higher-income individuals.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I am receiving Social Security benefits and working.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They need his Social Security Number.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The progressive benefit formula for Social Security is blind to the income a worker may have from non-wage sources, such as spousal support, dividends and interest, or rental income.^ The progressive benefit formula for Social Security is blind to the income a worker may have from non-wage sources, such as spousal support, dividends and interest, or rental income.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only after the worker applies for retirement benefits may the non-working spouse apply for spousal retirement benefits.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It also proposed an income tax on the Social Security benefits of higher-income individuals.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[72]

Current operation

Joining and quitting

.Obtaining a Social Security number for a child who is not working is voluntary.^ Social Security Administration · Social Security number .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They need his Social Security Number.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Change my social security number?
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[73] .Further, there is no general legal requirement that individuals join the Social Security program.^ Further, there is no general legal requirement that individuals join the Social Security program.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security was changed to withdraw funds from the independent "Trust Fund" and put it into the General Fund for additional congressional revenue.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Income security programs form a part of the social and legal fabric of a majority of countries around the world, including all of the countries with which the United States has strong economic and commercial ties.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

.Although the Social Security Act itself does not require a person to have a Social Security Number (SSN) to live and work in the United States.^ Social Security Administration · Social Security number .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They need his Social Security Number.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Change my social security number?
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[74], the Internal Revenue Code does generally require the use of the social security number by individuals for federal tax purposes:
The social security account number issued to an individual for purposes of section 205(c)(2)(A) of the Social Security Act shall, except as shall otherwise be specified under regulations of the Secretary [of the Treasury or his delegate], be used as the identifying number for such individual for purposes of this title.[75]
.Importantly, most parents apply for Social Security numbers for their dependent children in order to [76] include them on their income tax returns as a dependent.^ Social Security Administration · Social Security number .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These "employment taxes" include income taxes, social security and Medicare ...
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They need his Social Security Number.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Everyone filing a tax return, as taxpayer or spouse, must have a Social Security Number or Taxpayer Identification Number (TIN) since the IRS is unable to process returns or post payments for anyone without an SSN or TIN.
.The FICA taxes are imposed on all workers and self-employed persons.^ Benefits are funded by taxes imposed on wages of employees and self-employed persons.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The FICA taxes are imposed on all workers and self-employed persons.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ For self-employed workers (who technically are not employees and are deemed not to be earning "wages" for Federal tax purposes), the self-employment tax, imposed by the Self-Employment Contributions Act of 1954, codified as Chapter 2 of Subtitle A of the Internal Revenue Code , 26 U.S.C. § 1401 – 1403 , is 15.3% of "net earnings from self-employment."
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Employers are required[77] to report wages for covered employment to Social Security for processing Forms W-2 and W-3. There are some specific wages which are not a part of the Social Security program (discussed below).^ Employers are required [ 75 ] to report wages for covered employment to Social Security for processing Forms W-2 and W-3.
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^ There are some specific wages which are not a part of the Social Security program (discussed below ).
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^ Social Security Form 521 I am 77 yrs.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Internal Revenue Code provisions section 3101 imposes payroll taxes on individuals and employer matching taxes.^ Federal income taxes imposed by the Internal Revenue Code (but excluding ...
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Internal Revenue Code provisions section 3101 imposes payroll taxes on individuals and employer matching taxes.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ State will inform any individual who is adopting, or whom the State is made aware is considering adopting, a child who is in foster care under the responsibility of the State of the potential eligibility of the individual for a Federal tax credit under section 23 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986.
  • Children's Bureau Website - Laws and Policies: Compilation of Titles IV- B, IV- E and Related Sections of the Social Security Act - Draft 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.acf.hhs.gov [Source type: Original source]

.Section 3102 mandates that employers deduct these payroll taxes from workers' wages before they are paid.^ Section 3102 mandates that employers deduct these payroll taxes from workers' wages, at the worker's request (form W-4), before they are paid.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In essence, a self-employed individual pays both the employee and employer share of the tax, although half of the self-employment tax (the "employer share") is deductible when calculating the individual's federal income tax.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Conservatives claim that liberals want to 'tax-and-spend,' (whenever it comes to caring for people or even giving them the social security they *paid for* ...
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: Children's Health Care: A Prime Moral Imperative - Starhawk 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

.Generally, the payroll tax is imposed on everyone in employment earning "wages" as defined in 3121 of the Internal Revenue Code, and also taxes net earnings from self-employment.^ Federal income taxes imposed by the Internal Revenue Code (but excluding ...
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Generally, the payroll tax is imposed on everyone in employment earning "wages" as defined in 3121 of the Internal Revenue Code , and also taxes net earnings from self-employment .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tax on wages and self-employment income .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Trust fund

.Social Security taxes are paid into the Social Security Trust Fund maintained by the U.S. Treasury (technically, the "Federal Old-Age and Survivors Insurance Trust Fund", as established by 42 U.S.C. § 401(a)).^ Most social security is funded under FICA rather than SECA. See Thomas St. G. Bissell, International Aspects of the U.S. Social Security Tax, TAX MGM'T PORTFOLIO (BNA) NO. 917-2d, at A-19 (2000).
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Social Security was changed to withdraw funds from the independent "Trust Fund" and put it into the General Fund for additional congressional revenue.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although Social Security is sometimes compared to private pensions , this is an improper comparison since Social Security is social insurance and not a retirement plan.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Current year expenses are paid from current Social Security tax revenues.^ Being that I paid into Social Security for the 40+ years.
  • Obama is Turning Social Security into Welfare | The Foundry: Conservative Policy News. 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC blog.heritage.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Social Security Tax papers .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Getting Social Security mid year .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When revenues exceed expenditures, as they have in most years, the excess is invested in special series, non-marketable U.S. Government bonds, thus the Social Security Trust Fund indirectly finances the federal government's general purpose deficit spending.^ The money could be invested in both non-marketable and marketable securities .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Fund 69.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Congress invested these surpluses into special series, non-marketable U.S. Treasury securities held by the Social Security Trust Fund.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2007, the cumulative excess of Social Security taxes and interest received over benefits paid out stood at $2.2 trillion.^ In addition, individual states may tax social security benefits.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In 2004 the U.S. Social Security system paid out almost $ 500 billion in benefits.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How do I pay Social Security tax?
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[78] .The Trust Fund is regarded by some as an accounting trick which holds no economic significance.^ The Trust Fund is regarded by some as an accounting trick which holds no economic significance.
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^ SS benefits will be paid out of current taxes, as would be the case if there were no "trust fund" at all.

^ Northern Observer November 23, 2007 4:15 PM The Trust Fund is no trust.

.Others argue that it has specific legal significance because the Treasury securities it holds are backed by the "full faith and credit" of the U.S. government, which has an obligation to repay its debt.^ Others argue that it has specific legal significance because the Treasury securities it holds are backed by the "full faith and credit" of the U.S. government, which has an obligation to repay its debt.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Under the law, the government bonds held by Social Security are backed by the full faith and credit of the U.S. government.
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^ The existence and economic significance of the Social Security Trust Fund is a subject of considerable dispute because its assets are special Treasury bonds ; i.e., the money in the trust fund have been loaned back to the federal government to pay for other expenses (hence it is said that the fund consists of nothing but " IOUs ").
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is important to note, however, that while the Treasury guarantees the interest and principal payments it makes to the Social Security Trust Fund, the benefit payments made from the Social Security Trust Fund to American retirees have no guarantee at all.^ Will her benefits be returned to the social security payment cente...
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Creation of the Social Security Trust Fund The amendments established a trust fund for any surplus funds.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Fund 68.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

.The Social Security Administration's authority to make benefit payments as granted by Congress extends only to its current revenues and existing Trust Fund balance, i.e., redemption of its holdings of Treasury securities.^ Will her benefits be returned to the social security payment cente...
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security Administration · Social Security number .
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Creation of the Social Security Trust Fund The amendments established a trust fund for any surplus funds.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Therefore, Social Security's ability to make full payments once annual benefits exceed revenues depends in part on the federal government's ability to make good on the bonds that it has issued to the Social Security trust funds.^ Therefore, Social Security's ability to make full payments once annual benefits exceed revenues depends in part on the federal government's ability to make good on the bonds that it has issued to the Social Security trust funds.
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^ Will her benefits be returned to the social security payment cente...
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Social Security Administration's authority to make benefit payments as granted by Congress extends only to its current revenues and existing Trust Fund balance, i.e.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The federal government's ability to repay Social Security, in turn, is contingent on fiscal policies taken today (which have tended to increase deficits and the percent of the budget spent on interest and principal payments) and in the future.^ Social Security Turned 66 Aug.

^ Increasing social security .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The federal government's ability to repay Social Security, in turn, is contingent on fiscal policies taken today (which have tended to increase deficits and the percent of the budget spent on interest and principal payments) and in the future.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In July 2008 the Office of the Chief Actuary of the Social Security Administration calculated an unfunded obligation of $13.6 trillion for the Social Security program.^ Social Security Administration · Social Security number .
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^ In July 2008 the Office of the Chief Actuary of the Social Security Administration calculated an unfunded obligation of $13.6 trillion for the Social Security program.
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^ "The Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) administers the hearings and appeals program for the Social Security Administration (SSA).
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The unfunded obligation is the difference between the present value of the cost of Social Security and the present value of the assets in the Trust Fund and the future scheduled tax income of the program.^ These "employment taxes" include income taxes, social security and Medicare ...
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Creation of the Social Security Trust Fund The amendments established a trust fund for any surplus funds.
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The unfunded obligation is the difference between the present value of the cost of Social Security and the present value of the assets in the Trust Fund and the future scheduled tax income of the program.
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.In the Actuarial Note explaining the calculation, the Office of the Chief Actuary wrote that "The term obligation is used in lieu of the term liability, because liability generally indicates a contractual obligation (as in the case of private pensions and insurance) that cannot be altered by the plan sponsor without the agreement of the plan participants."^ In the Actuarial Note explaining the calculation, the Office of the Chief Actuary wrote that "The term obligation is used in lieu of the term liability, because liability generally indicates a contractual obligation (as in the case of private pensions and insurance) that cannot be altered by the plan sponsor without the agreement of the plan participants."
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^ In 114.08, the terms "resistant to treatment," "recurrent," and "disseminated" have the same general meaning as used by the medical community.
  • Health Hippo: Evaluations of Social Security Disability 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC hippo.findlaw.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Two broad categories of private pension plans are "defined benefit pension plans" and "defined contribution pension plans."
  • ocfinder.com | all about orange county! | ocfinder.com | all about orange county! 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC ocfinder.dot5hosting.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]

OHA and ODAR

."The Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) administers the hearings and appeals program for the Social Security Administration (SSA).^ "The Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) administers the hearings and appeals program for the Social Security Administration (SSA).
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Administration of the Social Security Scheme 59.
  • Malaysia's Employee Social Security Act 1969 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Social Security Administration · Social Security number .
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Administrative Law Judges (ALJs) conduct hearings and issue decisions.^ Administrative Law Judges (ALJs) conduct hearings and issue decisions.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After the hearing, the Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) issues a decision in writing.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Appeals Council considers appeals from hearing decisions, and acts as the final level of administrative review for the Social Security Administration."
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Appeals Council considers appeals from hearing decisions, and acts as the final level of administrative review for the Social Security Administration."^ Claimants can appeal Partially Favorable and Unfavorable decisions to Social Security's Appeals Council, which is in Virginia .
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social security appeal tribunals .
  • Social Security Administration Act 1992 (c. 5) 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.opsi.gov.uk [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Administrative Appeals Tribunal Act 1975 .
  • SOCIAL SECURITY ACT 1991 - SECT 23General definitions 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.austlii.edu.au [Source type: Original source]

[79] In 2006, OHA was renamed to ODAR.[80]

Benefit payout comparisons

.The current formula used in calculating the benefit level (primary insurance amount or PIA) is very progressive so that sizable benefits could be obtained with much less than the forty to thirty five years of covered wages.^ We apply a formula to these earnings and arrive at your basic benefit, or “primary insurance amount” (PIA).
  • Social Security Basics - Just Facts 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.justfacts.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The current formula used in calculating the benefit level (primary insurance amount or PIA) is very progressive so that sizable benefits could be obtained with much less than the forty to thirty five years of covered wages.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Primary insurance amount .
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Workers who spend their entire careers in covered employment would be unfairly treated relative to workers who spend the first half of their careers not covered (as in municipal employment) by OASDI but are covered by an alternative plan.^ Workers who spend their entire careers in covered employment would be unfairly treated relative to workers who spend the first half of their careers not covered (as in municipal employment) by OASDI but are covered by an alternative plan.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These people who later switch into covered employment would be entitled to both the alternative non OASDI pension (presumably from a state or municipality) and get an Old Age retirement benefit from Social Security.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As for the insurance companies - it covers the major ones out here - I'm not sure you get a choice of carriers, but you would get choice of plan (HMO vs PPO, etc).
  • What Would You Do ????? [Archive] - NeuroTalk Communities 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC neurotalk.psychcentral.com [Source type: Original source]

.These people who later switch into covered employment would be entitled to both the alternative non OASDI pension (presumably from a state or municipality) and get an Old Age retirement benefit from Social Security.^ Maximum Social Security benefit .
  • Fast Facts & Figures About Social Security, 2007 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.socialsecurity.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Workers do not automatically qualify for Social Security retire­ment benefits.
  • How Today's Social Security Works 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.heritage.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social Security retirement benefits My husband recently died.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The progressivity of the PIA formula would in effect allow these workers to double dip.^ The progressivity of the PIA formula would in effect allow these workers to double dip .
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The progressive benefit formula for Social Security is blind to the income a worker may have from non-wage sources, such as spousal support, dividends and interest, or rental income.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For workers born in 1943, the 2005 formula is used and the PIA is increased by COLA s beginning with the one for December 2005.
  • Annual Statistical Supplement, 2008 - Social Security Program Description and Legislative History 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.segurosocial.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Therefore, there are two provisions that mitigate the effect of the double dipping: one for those who obtain OASDI benefits from a spouse who is a covered worker and the other for those who split their careers in covered and noncovered employment.^ Therefore, there are two provisions that mitigate the effect of the double dipping: one for those who obtain OASDI benefits from a spouse who is a covered worker and the other for those who split their careers in covered and noncovered employment.
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^ The progressivity of the PIA formula would in effect allow these workers to double dip .
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^ Only after the worker applies for retirement benefits may the non-working spouse apply for spousal retirement benefits.
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.This latter double dip has a claw back factor which starts at maximum at 10 years and grades out to zero at 30 years so that there is no clawback for those with 30 years or more of covered wages.^ This latter double dip has a claw back factor which starts at maximum at 10 years and grades out to zero at 30 years so that there is no clawback for those with 30 years or more of covered wages.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I did not find out until two years later that I had to start over on my tenure date.
  • WashingtonWatch.com - S. 484, The Social Security Fairness Act of 2009 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.washingtonwatch.com [Source type: Original source]

^ "There is no ambiguity, no 'out of context' here.
  • privacy posts - Security - CNET News 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: General]

.This is to prevent those with abnormally low AIMEs due to few years of covered status from being treated as lifetime (say 44 years) career low wage earners with low AIMEs.^ This is to prevent those with abnormally low AIMEs due to few years of covered status from being treated as lifetime (say 44 years) career low wage earners with low AIMEs.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Workers who spend their entire careers in covered employment would be unfairly treated relative to workers who spend the first half of their careers not covered (as in municipal employment) by OASDI but are covered by an alternative plan.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It makes exceptions for annuitants with at least 20 years of covered work and those with very small pensions.
  • H.R. 743, Social Security Protection Act of 2003 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.cbo.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

International agreements

.People sometimes relocate from one country to another, either permanently or on a limited-time basis.^ People sometimes relocate from one country to another, either permanently or on a limited-time basis.
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^ We all face it, or will face it at one time or another.
  • What Would You Do ????? [Archive] - NeuroTalk Communities 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC neurotalk.psychcentral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Juridical double taxation refers to the imposition by more than one jurisdiction of income taxation on the same taxpayer on the same item of income--for example when a resident of a country that taxes on the basis of residence derives income from another country that taxes the income on the basis of source.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

.This presents challenges to businesses, governments, and individuals seeking to ensure future benefits or having to deal with taxation authorities in multiple countries.^ This presents challenges to businesses, governments, and individuals seeking to ensure future benefits or having to deal with taxation authorities in multiple countries.
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The U.S. Model Tax Treaty employs a source-based approach to the taxation of social security benefits, preserving the paying country's right to tax the benefits it pays out.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Under these treaties, residents of these countries are not subject to United States taxation on United States benefits they receive.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

.To that end, the Social Security Administration has signed treaties, often referred to as Totalization Agreements, with other social insurance programs in various foreign countries.^ Social Security Administration · Social Security number .
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^ To that end, the Social Security Administration has signed treaties, often referred to as Totalization Agreements, with other social insurance programs in various foreign countries.
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^ History: A limited form of the Social Security program began as a measure to implement "social insurance" during the Great Depression of the 1930s, when poverty rates among senior citizens exceeded 50%.
  • On Faith Panelists Blog: Children's Health Care: A Prime Moral Imperative - Starhawk 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC newsweek.washingtonpost.com [Source type: Original source]

[81]
.Overall, these agreements serve two main purposes.^ Overall, these agreements serve two main purposes.
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  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Boston University School of Theology 23 September 2009 2:32 UTC sthweb.bu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ International Social Security agreements have two main purposes.
  • Annual Statistical Supplement, 2008 - Social Security Program Description and Legislative History 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.segurosocial.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the United States, two types of international agreements are used to achieve coordination of these three spheres.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

.First, they eliminate dual Social Security taxation, the situation that occurs when a worker from one country works in another country and is required to pay Social Security taxes to both countries on the same earnings.^ Social Security Tax papers .
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ First, social security contributions are collected from current workers based on their current earnings.
  • Taxing the global worker: three spheres of international social security coordination. | North America > United States from AllBusiness.com 11 September 2009 10:30 UTC www.allbusiness.com [Source type: Original source]

^ They need his Social Security Number.
  • Social Security - Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Social Security Questions - Social Security Answers - Social Security Info 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.retirementcommunity.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Second, the agreements help fill gaps in benefit protection for workers who have divided their careers between the United States and another country.^ Second, the agreements help fill gaps in benefit protection for workers who have divided their careers between the United States and another country.
  • Social Security (United States) - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
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^ The second goal of the agreement is to help fill gaps in benefit protection for workers who have divided their careers between the United States and another country.
  • Annual Statistical Supplement, 2008 - Social Security Program Description and Legislative History 25 September 2009 3:18 UTC www.segurosocial.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In that case, Ephram Nestor, a Bulgarian immigrant to the United States who made contributions for covered wages for the statutorily required "quarters of coverage" was nonetheless denied benefits after being deported in 1956 for being a member of the Communist party.
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The following countries have signed totalization agreements with the SSA (and the date the agreement became effective):[82]