Social network: Wikis

  
  

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.A social network is a social structure made of individuals (or organizations) called "nodes," which are tied (connected) by one or more specific types of interdependency, such as friendship, kinship, financial exchange, dislike, sexual relationships, or relationships of beliefs, knowledge or prestige.^ Work and friendship ties in organizations: A comparative analysis of relational networks.

^ As mentioned, social networking often involves grouping specific individuals or organizations together.
  • MediaShift . Your Guide to Social Networking Online | PBS 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: General]

^ There is one social network.
  • Social Networks 3.0 - VentureBlog 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC ventureblog.com [Source type: General]

.Social network analysis views social relationships in terms of network theory consisting of nodes and ties.^ Social network analysis: Methods and applications .

^ Social network analysis on the Semantic Web.
  • Social Network Profiles as Taste Performances 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social networks and the development of close relationships.

.Nodes are the individual actors within the networks, and ties are the relationships between the actors.^ In addition to the theory of the strength of weak ties, I believe another important construct is Ronald Burt’s Structural Hole theory, which goes one step further to explain how entrepreneurs can use weak ties to broker relationships between different actors in a network.
  • Social Networks And Group Formation - Boxes and Arrows: The design behind the design 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.boxesandarrows.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ An explanation for why high profile nodes gather even more attention is discussed and the book moves on to explaining the weaknesses inherent within networks.

^ Bioteams pay as much attention to their weak ties : the collective external networks of relationships and their connections to the wider organisation and environment as their strong ties : their internal team structures.
  • Social Networks : Tag Results : The Bumble Bee 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.bioteams.com [Source type: General]

.The resulting graph-based structures are often very complex.^ The software is capable of generating a wide variety of very complex graphs and of analyzing the network that is generated.

.There can be many kinds of ties between the nodes.^ There can be many kinds of ties between the nodes.
  • Social Network Theory 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.istheory.yorku.ca [Source type: Academic]
  • Social network - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]
  • Social Networks - eHow.com 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.ehow.com [Source type: General]

^ In its simplest form, a social network is a map made up of nodes representing individuals and the connections or ties between them (see figure at right).
  • Social Networks and Health | Highlight HEALTH 2.0 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC blog.highlighthealth.info [Source type: Academic]

^ Networks can have few or many actors (nodes), and one or more kinds of relations (edges) between pairs of actors.” (Hannemann, 2001) Social Network Analysis [2] Social network analysis is focused on uncovering the patterns of people's interconnectedness and interactions.
  • Social Network Analysis - SocialWeb Wiki 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC ir.exp.sis.pitt.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Research in a number of academic fields has shown that social networks operate on many levels, from families up to the level of nations, and play a critical role in determining the way problems are solved, organizations are run, and the degree to which individuals succeed in achieving their goals.^ Its is a great way to network with professionals in a social … .

^ That is a problem with most open social networks.
  • Indian Social Networks – who will win? « Ashish Kumar from Tekriti Software 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC latestinindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ How many social networks are there?
  • Social Networking : Online Marketing Channel 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC activerain.com [Source type: General]

.In its simplest form, a social network is a map of all of the relevant ties between all the nodes being studied.^ So I studied all kind of social networks but couldn’t find any help.
  • The Top 10 Social Networks for Creative People | Lateral Action 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC lateralaction.com [Source type: General]

^ Japanese social networking – it’s all mobile .
  • Social networks | FreshNetworks Blog 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.freshnetworks.com [Source type: General]

^ After all, isn't that what social networking is all about...

.The network can also be used to measure social capital -- the value that an individual gets from the social network.^ The network structure of social capital.
  • Social Network Analysis 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC lrs.ed.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ PM Why use Social Networking?
  • Social Networking : ActiveRain Channel 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC activerain.com [Source type: General]

^ Social networks and the performance of individuals and groups.

.These concepts are often displayed in a social network diagram, where nodes are the points and ties are the lines.^ In most point and line displays the points represent social actors and the lines represent connections among the actors.
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These websites are known as social networking websites.

^ These websites are often deemed traditional social networking websites.

Contents

Social network analysis

.
An example of a social network diagram.
^ Category: Examples , Social Networks , Widgets , jQuery .
  • Ajaxian » Social Networks 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC ajaxian.com [Source type: General]

^ An important aspect of Social Network Analysis is the visualisation of communication and other relationships between people and/or groups, by means of diagrams.
  • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

^ Section 6 discusses this issue in more detail, and provides some examples taken from other Social Network Analysis case studies [ 5 , 6 ].
  • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

The node with the highest betweenness centrality is marked in yellow.
.Social network analysis (related to network theory) has emerged as a key technique in modern sociology.^ Social Networking is a key web 2.0 feature.
  • apophenia: social network sites: my definition 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.zephoria.org [Source type: General]

^ Social network analysis: Methods and applications .

^ Social network analysis on the Semantic Web.
  • Social Network Profiles as Taste Performances 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It has also gained a significant following in anthropology, biology, communication studies, economics, geography, information science, organizational studies, social psychology, and sociolinguistics, and has become a popular topic of speculation and study.^ Social anthropology studies accelerated.
  • It’s Official: U.S. Social Networking Sites See Slow Down « Creative Capital 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC creativecapital.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The social psychology of organizing .

^ It has found important applications in organizational behavior, inter-organizational relations, the spread of contagious diseases, mental health, social support, the diffusion of information and animal social organization.
  • Social Network Analysis 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC lrs.ed.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.People have used the idea of "social network" loosely for over a century to connote complex sets of relationships between members of social systems at all scales, from interpersonal to international.^ Wild baboons also have complex social relationships.
  • purple motes » social networks 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC purplemotes.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They have their own ideas about who uses which social networks.
  • Jim Liebelt's Youth Culture Watch: Social Networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC cultureblog.homeword.com [Source type: General]

^ Social networks and the development of close relationships.

.In 1954, J. A. Barnes started using the term systematically to denote patterns of ties, encompassing concepts traditionally used by the public and those used by social scientists: bounded groups (e.g., tribes, families) and social categories (e.g., gender, ethnicity).^ I'd extend the concept not only to extended families, but also to the concept of tribes.
  • Social Networks | Orient Lodge 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.orient-lodge.com [Source type: General]

^ One group at Harvard translated concepts from the social sciences, such as the notion of ‘social role’ into mathematical form that allowed them to be measured and modelled.
  • Social Network Analysis: an introduction - The Bumble Bee 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.bioteams.com [Source type: General]

^ FriendFeed and Twitter, while both having important social elements,especially Twitter in terms of connections and conversations, I find them useful for listening,learning and checking out things.
  • Most Influential Social Networks for Business - TopRank - Online Marketing Blog 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.toprankblog.com [Source type: General]

.Scholars such as S.D. Berkowitz, Stephen Borgatti, Ronald Burt, Kathleen Carley, Martin Everett, Katherine Faust, Linton Freeman, Mark Granovetter, David Knoke, David Krackhardt, Peter Marsden, Nicholas Mullins, Anatol Rapoport, Stanley Wasserman, Barry Wellman, Douglas R. White, and Harrison White expanded the use of systematic social network analysis.^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These are particularly useful for small, niche social networks, as they allow every member to see every other member.
  • Social Network Design: Examples and Best Practices - Smashing Magazine 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.smashingmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Jesus is my friend: Religiosity as a mediating factor in Internet social networking use .
  • Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

[1]
.Social network analysis has now moved from being a suggestive metaphor to an analytic approach to a paradigm, with its own theoretical statements, methods, social network analysis software, and researchers.^ Huminity Social networking and chat software.
  • Free Social Networking Sites 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC ryanshamus.com [Source type: General]

^ Introduction to social network methods Bibliography .
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Social structrues: A network approach .
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Analysts reason from whole to part; from structure to relation to individual; from behavior to attitude.^ Individuals relating and sharing information influence each other’s features and behaviors.

^ Modality and levels of analysis The network analyst tends to see individual people nested within networks of face-to-face relations with other persons.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That is, the network analyst is always interested in how the individual is embedded within a structure and how the structure emerges from the micro-relations between individual parts.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They typically either study whole networks (also known as complete networks), all of the ties containing specified relations in a defined population, or personal networks (also known as egocentric networks), the ties that specified people have, such as their "personal communities".[2] The distinction between whole/complete networks and personal/egocentric networks has depended largely on how analysts were able to gather data.^ With any large CMS community such as Joomla!
  • Build a Social Network Using Joomla! | Nettuts+ 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC net.tutsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The boundaries of the populations studied by network analysts are of two main types.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Get read by a large network community of bloggers.
  • Social Networks - Business Social Networks - List of Professional Networking Sites 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.That is, for groups such as companies, schools, or membership societies, the analyst was expected to have complete information about who was in the network, all participants being both potential egos and alters.^ It’s all about building strong networks.
  • The Top 10 Social Networks for Creative People | Lateral Action 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC lateralaction.com [Source type: General]

^ Networking is all about who you know and who your friends know.
  • Social Networking | All Things CRM 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.allthingscrm.com [Source type: General]

^ Ego-centric networks (with alter connections) .
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Personal/egocentric studies were typically conducted when identities of egos were known, but not their alters.^ But in the same breath, the online personality can very well be your alter ego.
  • Social networking - .net magazine 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.netmag.co.uk [Source type: General]

.These studies rely on the egos to provide information about the identities of alters and there is no expectation that the various egos or sets of alters will be tied to each other.^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Performing a search using these sites may provide a lot of unedited information about a person.
  • EPIC - Social Networking Privacy 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC epic.org [Source type: General]
  • EPIC - Social Networking Privacy 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC epic.org [Source type: General]

^ It also provides a framework of information, of knowledge about each person, so that face to face meetings can be deeper and more meaningful.
  • Social Networks | Orient Lodge 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.orient-lodge.com [Source type: General]

.A snowball network refers to the idea that the alters identified in an egocentric survey then become egos themselves and are able in turn to nominate additional alters.^ Ego-centric networks (with alter connections) .
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I’ve only really glazed on what I did with Wordpress MU to turn it into a fully fledged social network engine – but you get the overall idea.
  • Blaze New Media » » ChickSpeak.com: A Wordpress MU Based Social Network 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC blazenewmedia.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, if we identify each of the alters connected to an ego by a friendship relation as "kin," "co-worker," "member of the same church," etc., we can build up a picture of the networks of social positions (rather than the networks of individuals) in which egos are embedded.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.While there are severe logistic limits to conducting snowball network studies, a method for examining hybrid networks has recently been developed in which egos in complete networks can nominate alters otherwise not listed who are then available for all subsequent egos to see.^ Ego-centric networks (with alter connections) .
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are two major potential limitations and weaknesses of snowball methods.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to a recent study conducted by Forrester Research, about two-thirds of of all North American youth use some form of social network on a daily basis, and about one-third of adults in [ continue reading ] .
  • Social Networking | All Things CRM 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.allthingscrm.com [Source type: General]

.[3] The hybrid network may be valuable for examining whole/complete networks that are expected to include important players beyond those who are formally identified.^ Opportunities for those who stay true to their interests may not be lucky as those who do not give a care.
  • Social Networking | blondish.net 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC blondish.net [Source type: General]

^ People in those networks may not become your customers but if you play things right you may find some tremendous opportunities and potential JV partners.
  • Should You Jump Into Social Networks to Promote Your Business? - RedFly Search Engine & Internet Marketing Blog 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.redflymarketing.com [Source type: General]

^ While such an approach will miss most of the community (those who are "isolated" from the elite network), the approach is very likely to capture the elite network quite effectively.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, employees of a company often work with non-company consultants who may be part of a network that cannot fully be defined prior to data collection.^ With millions of people using a number of different social networking websites, it’s a great way of finding people who may be interested in your company’s service and let them know what you have to offer.
  • Social Networking | Social Networking Websites | Social Media Optimization 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.seojunkies.com [Source type: General]

^ Or we can belong to entirely different networks (indeed I may be “at the edges” in one and part of the “giant component” in another).
  • Social Networks And Group Formation - Boxes and Arrows: The design behind the design 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.boxesandarrows.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ According to one group , "any user of this Web site may and often does have 'friends' who they barely know, if at all.
  • EPIC - Social Networking Privacy 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC epic.org [Source type: General]
  • EPIC - Social Networking Privacy 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC epic.org [Source type: General]

Several analytic tendencies distinguish social network analysis:[4]
There is no assumption that groups are the building blocks of society: the approach is open to studying less-bounded social systems, from nonlocal communities to links among websites.
Rather than treating individuals (persons, organizations, states) as discrete units of analysis, it focuses on how the structure of ties affects individuals and their relationships.
In contrast to analyses that assume that socialization into norms determines behavior, network analysis looks to see the extent to which the structure and composition of ties affect norms.
.The shape of a social network helps determine a network's usefulness to its individuals.^ Social networks and the performance of individuals and groups.

^ Structural equivalence of individuals in social networks.

^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Smaller, tighter networks can be less useful to their members than networks with lots of loose connections (weak ties) to individuals outside the main network.^ These are particularly useful for small, niche social networks, as they allow every member to see every other member.
  • Social Network Design: Examples and Best Practices - Smashing Magazine 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.smashingmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Although Milgram (1967) shows that few degrees are necessary to connect any one individual to another, by assuming that non-ties are less likely to continue the spread of gossip, increasing the degrees of separation effectively limits the passage of information.
  • Social Network Fragments 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC smg.media.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition, it shows that the board member, Houghton , is in some sense less central than Williams : Houghton never serves on a board of which Williams is not a member.
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.More open networks, with many weak ties and social connections, are more likely to introduce new ideas and opportunities to their members than closed networks with many redundant ties.^ That is a problem with most open social networks.
  • Indian Social Networks – who will win? « Ashish Kumar from Tekriti Software 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC latestinindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We’d like to introduce India Social Network .
  • Indian Social Networks – who will win? « Ashish Kumar from Tekriti Software 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC latestinindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social networks and the development of close relationships.

.In other words, a group of friends who only do things with each other already share the same knowledge and opportunities.^ Friend others who are interested in the same things.
  • Social Networks | David Lee King 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.davidleeking.com [Source type: General]

^ Other options might include friends who are also members of the same groups or who share common friends.
  • Social Network Design: Examples and Best Practices - Smashing Magazine 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.smashingmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ I had to share it with some other friends.
  • Social Networking Wars // Current 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC current.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A group of individuals with connections to other social worlds is likely to have access to a wider range of information.^ A group of individuals with connections to other social worlds is likely to have access to a wider range of information.
  • Social network - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ If you like gardening, connect with other gardeners.
  • A Greater Date: Social Networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.agreaterdate.com [Source type: General]

^ Social networks and the performance of individuals and groups.

.It is better for individual success to have connections to a variety of networks rather than many connections within a single network.^ It is better for individual success to have connections to a variety of networks rather than many connections within a single network.
  • Social network - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ In general rather than pursuing numbers ‘better connections are better’.
  • Social Network Analysis in practice - The Bumble Bee 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.bioteams.com [Source type: General]

^ Social network analysis provides a quantitative approach to analyzing social actors and patterns of relations among them, rather than focussing on individuals as a set of attributes (Freeman, Romney White, 1992; Wasserman Faust, 1994) .
  • Citations: Social Network Analysis - Wasserman, Faust (ResearchIndex) 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC citeseer.ist.psu.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Similarly, individuals can exercise influence or act as brokers within their social networks by bridging two networks that are not directly linked (called filling structural holes).^ The network structure of social capital.
  • Social Network Analysis 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC lrs.ed.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Social networks and the performance of individuals and groups.

^ In most cases, an individual has great control over the structure of their social network.
  • Social Network Fragments 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC smg.media.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5]
.The power of social network analysis stems from its difference from traditional social scientific studies, which assume that it is the attributes of individual actors—whether they are friendly or unfriendly, smart or dumb, etc.—that matter.^ Social network analysis: Methods and applications .

^ Social network analysis on the Semantic Web.
  • Social Network Profiles as Taste Performances 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social networks and the performance of individuals and groups.

.Social network analysis produces an alternate view, where the attributes of individuals are less important than their relationships and ties with other actors within the network.^ This articulated social network is displayed on an individual's profile for all other users to view.
  • apophenia: social network sites: my definition 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.zephoria.org [Source type: General]

^ Social network analysis: Methods and applications .

^ And, as social entities, they may form ties with the individuals nested within them, and with other social entities.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This approach has turned out to be useful for explaining many real-world phenomena, but leaves less room for individual agency, the ability for individuals to influence their success, because so much of it rests within the structure of their network.^ I mean, where is it out here in the real world, where the rest of us can see it?
  • Slashdot Book Reviews Story | Drupal 6 Social Networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC books.slashdot.org [Source type: General]

^ Structural equivalence of individuals in social networks.

^ Social Structures: A social network approach.

.Social networks have also been used to examine how organizations interact with each other, characterizing the many informal connections that link executives together, as well as associations and connections between individual employees at different organizations.^ Social networks were for people to connect with other people and even businesses.
  • Social Networking | blondish.net 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC blondish.net [Source type: General]

^ PM Why use Social Networking?
  • Social Networking : ActiveRain Channel 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC activerain.com [Source type: General]

^ SUMMARY You and I may differ in how we choose to use a social networking community.
  • Social Networks - Business Social Networks - List of Professional Networking Sites 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: General]

.For example, power within organizations often comes more from the degree to which an individual within a network is at the center of many relationships than actual job title.^ According to Wikipedia :, "Research in a number of academic fields has shown that social networks operate on many levels, from families up to the level of nations, and play a critical role in determining the way problems are solved, organizations are run, and the degree to which individuals succeed in achieving their goals."
  • MediaShift . Your Guide to Social Networking Online | PBS 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: General]

^ An explanation for why high profile nodes gather even more attention is discussed and the book moves on to explaining the weaknesses inherent within networks.

^ Design , Social Networks When you create profiles for your brand or organization on various social media accounts and networks, you should be thinking about more than just your profile name being used.
  • Social Networks | 10e20 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.10e20.com [Source type: General]

.Social networks also play a key role in hiring, in business success, and in job performance.^ Social Networking is a key web 2.0 feature.
  • apophenia: social network sites: my definition 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.zephoria.org [Source type: General]

^ Will age play a factor in social network advertising success?

^ Social networks and the performance of individuals and groups.

.Networks provide ways for companies to gather information, deter competition, and collude in setting prices or policies.^ Like its competition, Yachtcircle.com provides a resume and job listing site but it also provides opportunities for members to network through blogs, forums, email and chats.
  • Social Networks for Everyone!! Blog 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC socialshakers.com [Source type: General]

^ It also provides a way for companies to reach everyone in a single message.
  • Social Networking | All Things CRM 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.allthingscrm.com [Source type: General]

^ Multiply.com – Multiply Multiply is a social networking website providing easy way to share digital media which includes photos, videos and music.
  • SOCIAL NETWORKING GOD: 350+ Social Networking Sites 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC mashable.com [Source type: General]

[6]

History of social network analysis

.A summary of the progress of social networks and social network analysis has been written by Linton Freeman.^ Social structure and network analysis .
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Social network analysis on the Semantic Web.
  • Social Network Profiles as Taste Performances 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social network analysis: A handbook.

[7]
.Precursors of social networks in the late 1800s include Émile Durkheim and Ferdinand Tönnies.^ The social networking service called for user comment on the principles, which include "Ownership and Control of Information" and "Transparent Process."
  • EPIC - Social Networking Privacy 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC epic.org [Source type: General]
  • EPIC - Social Networking Privacy 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC epic.org [Source type: General]

^ Ecology lifecycles in Social Media include the total interactions (engagement) between you, your community members in the network and that engagement interaction lifecycle .

^ It should include social networking sites, e-commerce sites, application sites, financial sites, etc etc.

.Tönnies argued that social groups can exist as personal and direct social ties that either link individuals who share values and belief (gemeinschaft) or impersonal, formal, and instrumental social links (gesellschaft).^ Social networks and the performance of individuals and groups.

^ Although the analysis was based from a personal value judgment on individual’s communication, it somewhat puts Twitter usage in perspective.

^ It is a feeling we get when those around us share our values and beliefs.
  • Social Networking for Associations and Nonprofits Blog 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.theport.com [Source type: General]

.Durkheim gave a non-individualistic explanation of social facts arguing that social phenomena arise when interacting individuals constitute a reality that can no longer be accounted for in terms of the properties of individual actors.^ There’s nothing sadder than a social network account with few or no friends.
  • Social Network Design: Examples and Best Practices - Smashing Magazine 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.smashingmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Tagged as: account management , California , entry-level jobs , non-profit , social media , social networking , software development , web development .
  • Entry level jobs in Social Networking | One Day, One Job 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.onedayonejob.com [Source type: General]

^ Bravo’s clearly appealing to the “social” aspect of social media by engaging with their fans and users and allowing them to interact with their brand and stars (e.g., their Real Housewives and the chefs and hosts of Top Chef).
  • Social Networks | 10e20 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.10e20.com [Source type: General]

.He distinguished between a traditional society – "mechanical solidarity" – which prevails if individual differences are minimized, and the modern society – "organic solidarity" – that develops out of cooperation between differentiated individuals with independent roles.^ It may be worth pointing out that this is not a comparison between the different social networks (i.e.
  • Social network popularity around the world | Royal Pingdom 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC royal.pingdom.com [Source type: General]

^ When clusters of ones network are kept separate, a series of holes in the network develop, such that the individual becomes the bridge between the clusters; this is known as structural holes .
  • Social Network Fragments 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC smg.media.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When it comes down to defining internet marketing I don’t distinguish between traditional and internet marketing.
  • Top Ten Secrets to Social Network Superstardom | Marketing Profs Daily Fix Blog 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.mpdailyfix.com [Source type: General]

.Georg Simmel, writing at the turn of the twentieth century, was the first scholar to think directly in social network terms.^ It is the first classified social network.
  • Free Social Networking Sites 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC ryanshamus.com [Source type: General]

^ What do you think about social networks?
  • What is Social Networking? ~ Chris Pirillo 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC chris.pirillo.com [Source type: General]

^ I think this ROI calculator is a great means for getting down to the brass tacks of $$$-value that social networks generate per person-hour invested in them.
  • Is It Worth It? An ROI Calculator for Social Network Campaigns - Online Fundraising, Advocacy, and Social Media - frogloop 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.frogloop.com [Source type: General]

.His essays pointed to the nature of network size on interaction and to the likelihood of interaction in ramified, loosely-knit networks rather than groups (Simmel, 1908/1971).^ So in terms of what kind of screen, interactivity is far more important than size.

^ Here is an interactive network of photos, blogs, user profiles, groups, and an internal e-mail system.
  • Indian Social Networks – who will win? « Ashish Kumar from Tekriti Software 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC latestinindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The size of the network is really an issue as there are currently less than 200,000 people in Orkut.

.After a hiatus in the first decades of the twentieth century, three main traditions in social networks appeared.^ Most brands are still on circulation 1.0 networks and many are on the path to circulation 2.0 by adding social media to their traditional media channels.

^ First we need to understand what the goal of Social Networking should be because many people just don’t seem to “get it”.
  • Social Networking is NOT Chat | GROWMAP.COM 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.growmap.com [Source type: General]

^ January 2010, 12:11 am Image via Wikipedia Three-quarters of Japanese social network users access the sites only from their mobile phones.
  • Social networks | FreshNetworks Blog 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.freshnetworks.com [Source type: General]

.In the 1930s, J.L. Moreno pioneered the systematic recording and analysis of social interaction in small groups, especially classrooms and work groups (sociometry), while a Harvard group led by W. Lloyd Warner and Elton Mayo explored interpersonal relations at work.^ The structure of positive interpersonal relations in small groups.

^ The analysis of social interaction data.

^ At the heart of this work is that you can actually draw maps of networks (”social graphs”) that will show you patterns of connectivity, interactivity, separation, similarities, and dissonances.
  • The AppGap» social networks - Web apps for work; reviews + commentary; Work 2.0, Web 2.0, Enterprise 2.0 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.theappgap.com [Source type: General]

In 1940, A.R. Radcliffe-Brown's presidential address to British anthropologists urged the systematic study of networks.[8] .However, it took about 15 years before this call was followed-up systematically.^ Pay attention to when and what people say about you and your company, provide honest and timely follow-up.
  • Top Ten Secrets to Social Network Superstardom | Marketing Profs Daily Fix Blog 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.mpdailyfix.com [Source type: General]

^ I can't even recall what prompted me to set up a profile there, but it probably took all of 10-15 minutes and I'm almost certain I haven't visited the profile since.

^ Each three hours or about, you’ll set a closing date of 15 minutes to reply, check DM’s, and add what you are up to.
  • Social Networking Online 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC socialstomper.com [Source type: General]

.Social network analysis developed with the kinship studies of Elizabeth Bott in England in the 1950s and the 1950s-1960s urbanization studies of the University of Manchester group of anthropologists (centered around Max Gluckman and later J. Clyde Mitchell) investigating community networks in southern Africa, India and the United Kingdom.^ We’d like to introduce India Social Network .
  • Indian Social Networks – who will win? « Ashish Kumar from Tekriti Software 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC latestinindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Communication network analysis methods.

^ Social network analysis: Methods and applications .

.Concomitantly, British anthropologist S.F. Nadel codified a theory of social structure that was influential in later network analysis.^ The network structure of social capital.
  • Social Network Analysis 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC lrs.ed.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Structure and evolution of online social networks.
  • Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Social structure and network analysis .
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

[9]
.In the 1960s-1970s, a growing number of scholars worked to combine the different tracks and traditions.^ To be honest it takes a lot of busy work to keep track of many different profiles – and I agree it might be more trouble than it’s worth.
  • How Much Social Networking Do You Do? 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.problogger.net [Source type: General]

^ Distributed storytelling, on the other hand, draws together a number of different narrative traditions in a way that may, at least, provide a provocative way of thinking about narrative form.
  • MIT Convergence Culture Consortium: Archives - Social Networks 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.convergenceculture.org [Source type: General]

^ To make the world work, a certain number of kids will have to grow up and use math and science in their occupations.
  • Steve Wozniak on Social Networks, Great Design - InternetNews.com 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.internetnews.com [Source type: News]

.One large group was centered around Harrison White and his students at Harvard University: Ivan Chase, Bonnie Erickson, Harriet Friedmann, Mark Granovetter, Nancy Howell, Joel Levine, Nicholas Mullins, John Padgett, Michael Schwartz and Barry Wellman.^ Students Against Facebook News Feed, one of many groups that petitioned against the new feature claimed in its' mission statement that Facebook "went a bit too far this time."
  • EPIC - Social Networking Privacy 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC epic.org [Source type: General]
  • EPIC - Social Networking Privacy 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC epic.org [Source type: General]

^ The first one just kicked off on Harvard University's campus.
  • SocialNetworking -- Download Squad 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.downloadsquad.com [Source type: General]

^ The sphere of influence, American Sociological Review , 37: 14-27 Levine, Joel H. and John Spadaro.
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Also important in this early group were Charles Tilly, who focused on networks in political sociology and social movements, and Stanley Milgram, who developed the "six degrees of separation" thesis.^ Is this an early sign of the end of social networks?
  • It’s Official: U.S. Social Networking Sites See Slow Down « Creative Capital 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC creativecapital.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Indian Social Networks – who will win?
  • Indian Social Networks – who will win? « Ashish Kumar from Tekriti Software 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC latestinindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social networks and the performance of individuals and groups.

[10] .White's group thought of themselves as rebelling against the reigning structural-functionalist orthodoxy of then-dominant Harvard sociologist Talcott Parsons, leading them to devalue concerns with symbols, values, norms and culture.^ A “star-shaped” structure can often be cause for concern, since for most organisations there is great value in a sideways flow of information between members.
  • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

^ When the taste norm of each religion group was compared with the taste norm of the "popular culture," Jewish and agnostic users were found to be close to the mainstream, while Wiccans and Scientologists were non-mainstream.
  • Social Network Profiles as Taste Performances 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Much the same as there is some racism against whites but it is not the same as minority groups.
  • Why women dominate social networking | Technically Incorrect - CNET News 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC news.cnet.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They also were opposed to the methodological individualism espoused by another Harvard sociologist, George Homans, which was endemic among the dominant survey researchers and positivists of the time.^ In addition to the small sample size, the researchers are also concerned about biased self-reports and the 160-item survey they base their conclusions on.

^ In the drawing of Figure 1, he suggested that the individuals at the top and the bottom were "dominant" and that they were linked both "directly" and "indirectly."
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Problems are most likely to occur when an individual maintains a cluster of people whose similarities to them do not overlap with the similarities they have to another cluster.
  • Social Network Fragments 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC smg.media.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Mark Granovetter and Barry Wellman are among the former students of White who have elaborated and popularized social network analysis.^ Indian Social Networks – who will win?
  • Indian Social Networks – who will win? « Ashish Kumar from Tekriti Software 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC latestinindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social network analysis on the Semantic Web.
  • Social Network Profiles as Taste Performances 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social network popularity around the world .
  • Social network popularity around the world | Royal Pingdom 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC royal.pingdom.com [Source type: General]

[11]
White's was not the only group. .Significant independent work was done by scholars elsewhere: University of California Irvine social scientists interested in mathematical applications, centered around Linton Freeman, including John Boyd, Susan Freeman, Kathryn Faust, A. Kimball Romney and Douglas White; quantitative analysts at the University of Chicago, including Joseph Galaskiewicz, Wendy Griswold, Edward Laumann, Peter Marsden, Martina Morris, and John Padgett; and communication scholars at Michigan State University, including Nan Lin and Everett Rogers.^ Linton C. Freeman University of California, Irvine ABSTRACT: This paper documents the use of pictorial images in social network analysis.
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Transitivity in stochastic graphs and digraphs, Journal of Mathematical Sociology , 7: 199-213 Freeman, Linton C. 1984.
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ In addition to its membership and social network platform, Friendster owns a handful of other interesting assets, including patents related to social networking.
  • Pioneering Social Network Friendster Finds Buyer - InternetNews.com 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.internetnews.com [Source type: News]

.A substantively-oriented University of Toronto sociology group developed in the 1970s, centered on former students of Harrison White: S.D. Berkowitz, Harriet Friedmann, Nancy Leslie Howard, Nancy Howell, Lorne Tepperman and Barry Wellman, and also including noted modeler and game theorist Anatol Rapoport.^ This is included conversations with industry analysts; IT peers; a proof-of-concept (POC); usage model work; focus groups and human factors engineering.
  • IT@Intel Blog : Tags : social_networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC communities.intel.com [Source type: General]

^ Networks of faith: Interpersonal bonds and recuritment to cults and sects, American Journal of Sociology , 85: 1376-95 Tepperman, Lorne.
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ A formal theory of social power, Journal of Mathematical Sociology , 12: 103-126 Friedmann, Harriet.
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

[12]

Research

.Social network analysis has been used in epidemiology to help understand how patterns of human contact aid or inhibit the spread of diseases such as HIV in a population.^ Social network analysis is focused on uncovering the patterning of people's interaction.
  • Social Network Analysis 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC lrs.ed.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Social network analysis: Methods and applications .

^ Social network analysis on the Semantic Web.
  • Social Network Profiles as Taste Performances 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The evolution of social networks can sometimes be modeled by the use of agent based models, providing insight into the interplay between communication rules, rumor spreading and social structure.^ The network structure of social capital.

^ Local structure in social networks.

^ PM Why use Social Networking?
  • Social Networking : ActiveRain Channel 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC activerain.com [Source type: General]

.SNA may also be an effective tool for mass surveillance -- for example the Total Information Awareness program was doing in-depth research on strategies to analyze social networks to determine whether or not U.S. citizens were political threats.^ Social networks are generally teeming with information.
  • Social Network Design: Examples and Best Practices - Smashing Magazine 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.smashingmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Perspectives on social network research .
  • Social Networks 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.socialnetworks.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Perspectives on Social network research (pp.

.Diffusion of innovations theory explores social networks and their role in influencing the spread of new ideas and practices.^ Network analysis of the diffusion of innovations.

^ Home > News > Tags > social network .
  • social network - news tag - Softpedia 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC news.softpedia.com [Source type: General]

^ Social network effects on the extent of innovation diffusion: A computer simulation.
  • Social Network Analysis 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC lrs.ed.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Change agents and opinion leaders often play major roles in spurring the adoption of innovations, although factors inherent to the innovations also play a role.^ Change agents and opinion leaders often play major roles in spurring the adoption of innovations, although factors inherent to the innovations also play a role.
  • Social network - Psychology Wiki 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC psychology.wikia.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Facilitate identification of who knows who and who might know what - teams and individuals playing central roles - thought leaders, key knowledge brokers, experts, etc.
  • kstoolkit - Social Network Analysis 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.kstoolkit.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social factors play an ever increasing important role within media and the ability to cooperate, collaborate and coordinate ideas, projects and complex work...
  • Social Network Design: The Network Is A Living System, Design It As Such 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.masternewmedia.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Robin Dunbar has suggested that the typical size of a egocentric network is constrained to about 150 members due to possible limits in the capacity of the human communication channel.^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, Prof Dunbar has done some research on social networks and found the 150 number still holds : Dunbar is now studying social networking websites to see if the “Facebook effect” has stretched the size of social groupings.
  • Social Networks - broadstuff 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC broadstuff.com [Source type: General]

^ Understand that these tools are more about networking, building relationships, and communicating than blatant promotion, as in marketing and sales.
  • Should You Jump Into Social Networks to Promote Your Business? - RedFly Search Engine & Internet Marketing Blog 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.redflymarketing.com [Source type: General]

.The rule arises from cross-cultural studies in sociology and especially anthropology of the maximum size of a village (in modern parlance most reasonably understood as an ecovillage).^ Logging on locality: A cross-cultural case study of virtual communities Mixi (Japan) and Mini-hompy (Korea).
  • Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Anthropology of Japan Anthropology Of Religion Japanese Ethnography Japanese Language And Culture Popular Culture and Religious Studies Religion Social Networks .
  • Academia.edu | People | People who have Social Networks as a research interest (347) 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.academia.edu [Source type: Academic]

.It is theorized in evolutionary psychology that the number may be some kind of limit of average human ability to recognize members and track emotional facts about all members of a group.^ Oops, my ambivalence is showing Even though I run some banner ads in the lower right-hand column of this blog, the fact that I run them in the lower r-h column tells you I'm ambivalent about running them at all!

^ Chapter 7 talks about group decisions and how the influence of a comparatively small number of individuals within a large group can sway the rest of the group.

^ Tonight I had dinner with some fellow WOMMA board members in NYC. I'm always impressed when I have a chance to meet with this group of people.
  • John Porcaro Consulting: Social Networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.johnporcaro.com [Source type: General]

.However, it may be due to economics and the need to track "free riders", as it may be easier in larger groups to take advantage of the benefits of living in a community without contributing to those benefits.^ I wanted to build a unified social network site that combined the best features of blogs and portal sites, while balancing the needs of the individual with those of the community.
  • The Next Social Network: WordPress – GigaOM 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC gigaom.com [Source type: General]

^ Given the above facts, one may ask themselves, ‘is it possible to create a similar site or business to take advantage of this trend?’ And, is it possible to still create a successful business from this technology or is it too late?
  • Social Networks for Everyone!! Blog 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC socialshakers.com [Source type: General]

^ Bringing it over to Communities site for the benefit of those who are developing professional communities of their own.
  • IT@Intel Blog : Tags : social_networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC communities.intel.com [Source type: General]

.Mark Granovetter found in one study that more numerous weak ties can be important in seeking information and innovation.^ Blogs are more important than all the social networks combined because they are hubs of information and are something you can control.
  • 33 Million People In The Room » social networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC 33millionpeople.com [Source type: General]

^ How to test Granovetter's theory of weak ties.

^ These questions and more are the ones we seek answers to.
  • Confessions of an Executive Producer: Social Networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC producerposts.com [Source type: General]

.Cliques have a tendency to have more homogeneous opinions as well as share many common traits.^ Although a good many investigators innovated in introducing new point shapes, a far more common concern has been with the question of how to locate the points on the page.
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many more were engaged with content, such as sharing photographs or music.
  • IanSchafer.com: SOCIAL NETWORKING 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.ianschafer.com [Source type: General]

^ Try kncok18.com and it’s services which will offer many services to common man as well as to friends in the network.
  • Indian Social Networks – who will win? « Ashish Kumar from Tekriti Software 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC latestinindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This homophilic tendency was the reason for the members of the cliques to be attracted together in the first place.^ Figure 14 was produced by arranging the members of each "clique" into a circle and placing the seven circles in arbitrary locations in the page.
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is a visible tendency for members of the same group to cluster loosely together, i.e.
  • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

.However, being similar, each member of the clique would also know more or less what the other members knew.^ Women, on the other hand, knew fewer positions, younger women knowing an average of 4 and older women knowing slightly more with an average of 5 positions on the list.

^ And many of the developers and architects know each other personally, so they are more likely to work with friends.
  • The Next Social Network: WordPress – GigaOM 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC gigaom.com [Source type: General]

^ They also discover major homophily in these relationships, and I would like to know more about how they test homophily if the school is considered not very diverse.

.To find new information or insights, members of the clique will have to look beyond the clique to its other friends and acquaintances.^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Once you have these lists created you can click on them to find the most recent information about the friends in that list, which I find very handy.

^ The theme would have exactly the same look and feel as the core site – making it look like the new member home page was still part of the core site itself.
  • Blaze New Media » » ChickSpeak.com: A Wordpress MU Based Social Network 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC blazenewmedia.com [Source type: General]

.This is what Granovetter called the "the strength of weak ties".^ The Strength of Weak Ties: a network theory revisited,” Sociological Theory 1 :201–233, 1983.
  • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

^ How to test Granovetter's theory of weak ties.

^ Granovetter’s doctoral thesis demonstrated that most people landed jobs thanks to their weak ties and not their strong ones.
  • Social Networks And Group Formation - Boxes and Arrows: The design behind the design 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.boxesandarrows.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Guanxi is a central concept in Chinese society (and other East Asian cultures) that can be summarized as the use of personal influence.^ You can now become a person of influence in your industry and become known to other industry VIPs in a matter of months, rather than years.

^ Personality and the ability to merge other resources and pop culture in writing, all in an effort to make it digestible for the commoners (that's me..

^ Why individuals use social media Personal Branding – Similar to a business you can leverage interaction between you and other individuals to strengthen your personal brand.

.Guanxi can be studied from a social network approach.^ Social structures: A network approach.
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Social structures: A network approach .
  • Social Networks 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.socialnetworks.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Social Structures: A social network approach.

[13]
.The small world phenomenon is the hypothesis that the chain of social acquaintances required to connect one arbitrary person to another arbitrary person anywhere in the world is generally short.^ DEFINITION: Six degrees of separation is the theory that anyone on the planet can be connected to any other person on the planet through a chain of acquaintances that has no more than five intermediaries.
  • Social Networking White Papers, Software Downloads, Definition and Webcasts - Bitpipe 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.bitpipe.com [Source type: General]

^ Connect your social media profiles to each other via links and send users for one site to another.
  • Social Media Networking and ROI: How to Maximize Value and Minimize Cost 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.doshdosh.com [Source type: General]

^ By assigning one PC to the x-axis and another PC to the y-axis, a map can be generated to help visualize the similarity/dissimilarity relationships between the plotted points.
  • Social Network Profiles as Taste Performances 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The concept gave rise to the famous phrase six degrees of separation after a 1967 small world experiment by psychologist Stanley Milgram.^ Over the next few years, they were followed by Six Degrees Of Separation, Circle Of Friends, and Friendster.

^ DEFINITION: Six degrees of separation is the theory that anyone on the planet can be connected to any other person on the planet through a chain of acquaintances that has no more than five intermediaries.
  • Social Networking White Papers, Software Downloads, Definition and Webcasts - Bitpipe 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.bitpipe.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1967, American sociologist Stanley Milgram devised a new way to test the theory, which he called "the small-world problem."
  • Social Networking White Papers, Software Downloads, Definition and Webcasts - Bitpipe 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.bitpipe.com [Source type: General]

.In Milgram's experiment, a sample of US individuals were asked to reach a particular target person by passing a message along a chain of acquaintances.^ DEFINITION: Six degrees of separation is the theory that anyone on the planet can be connected to any other person on the planet through a chain of acquaintances that has no more than five intermediaries.
  • Social Networking White Papers, Software Downloads, Definition and Webcasts - Bitpipe 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.bitpipe.com [Source type: General]

^ If we ask, for example, @twitcause--a group that does not follow us (yet) on twitter to R/T a message for us, is this appropriate or spammish ?
  • Considering Social Network Etiquette 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.chrisbrogan.com [Source type: General]

^ But the finding that particular attributes of health — or lack of it — can ripple through social networks shows that one person’s health can have far reaching effects.

.The average length of successful chains turned out to be about five intermediaries or six separation steps (the majority of chains in that study actually failed to complete).^ DEFINITION: Six degrees of separation is the theory that anyone on the planet can be connected to any other person on the planet through a chain of acquaintances that has no more than five intermediaries.
  • Social Networking White Papers, Software Downloads, Definition and Webcasts - Bitpipe 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.bitpipe.com [Source type: General]

^ As Kitt found out, friends and friends of friends are a lifeline when it comes to linking you quickly with the information you need to make the best decisions about your next steps.
  • 33 Million People In The Room » social networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC 33millionpeople.com [Source type: General]

^ My husband and I have debated about whether this anchor was completely out of line or within his rights of free speech.

.The methods (and ethics as well) of Milgram's experiment was later questioned by an American scholar, and some further research to replicate Milgram's findings had found that the degrees of connection needed could be higher.^ On Twitter, users can connect with their favorite brands to find out the latest news, ask questions and get personalized responses.
  • Social Networking | All Things CRM 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.allthingscrm.com [Source type: General]

^ This study also generated a press release and seven newspaper article references , as well as some carefully posed attention from scholars on a literary blog .
  • purple motes » social networks 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC purplemotes.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It provides forums, IM, email and research tools to help members find out more about conditions and share their experiences.
  • Social Networking for Patients - Bits Blog - NYTimes.com 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC bits.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

[14] .Academic researchers continue to explore this phenomenon as Internet-based communication technology has supplemented the phone and postal systems available during the times of Milgram.^ Note, that SMS has so many active users, that it is three times as big by users, as the PC based legacy internet!.

^ When you favor the latest technologies available on the market, you may even use Skype for phone calls over the Internet.

^ Still, voice is a viable communication method in the Developing World for about 85% of the mobile phone user base.

.A recent electronic small world experiment at Columbia University found that about five to seven degrees of separation are sufficient for connecting any two people through e-mail.^ Connecting with People through Social Media .
  • Online Social Networking Sites, Facebook, Twitter, Ning, Business Networking Sites, Blogging, Social Media, Web Marketing 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC online-social-networking.com [Source type: General]

^ In two days we gathered an insane amount of feedback about what concerns people, what interests people, and what they want to see next.
  • IT@Intel Blog : Tags : social_networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC communities.intel.com [Source type: General]

^ It’s a free web site that allows people across the world to share their experiences.
  • Entry level jobs in Social Networking | One Day, One Job 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.onedayonejob.com [Source type: General]

[15]
.Collaboration graphs can be used to illustrate good and bad relationships between humans.^ You understand mobile well enough to demand it, and with some of the resources I give you, you will have plenty of benchmarks to use to see if the proposed idea is good or bad.

^ Looking that my time use diary, it is clear that my use illustrates the concept that users maintain relationships through multiple media.

^ The benefits of Facebook "friends": Exploring the relationship between college students' use of online social networks and social capital.
  • Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

.A positive edge between two nodes denotes a positive relationship (friendship, alliance, dating) and a negative edge between two nodes denotes a negative relationship (hatred, anger).^ We examine the average propagation delay (the time to propagate information to a specific node, averaged over 1000 or 100 runs), and the relationship between this average propagation delay and the link distance from the central node.
  • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

^ A social flow diagram such as Figure 18 provides a way of visualising the relationship between two kinds of distance.
  • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

^ In addition to the default repulsion, each pair of nodes/people is assigned an attraction spring based on the weight of the ties between the two people.
  • Social Network Fragments 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC smg.media.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Signed social network graphs can be used to predict the future evolution of the graph.^ Is this an early sign of the end of social networks?
  • It’s Official: U.S. Social Networking Sites See Slow Down « Creative Capital 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC creativecapital.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social networks can be represented as GRAPHS or MATRICES. .
  • Social Network Analysis 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC lrs.ed.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Structure and evolution of online social networks.
  • Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]
  • Social Networks And Group Formation - Boxes and Arrows: The design behind the design 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.boxesandarrows.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In signed social networks, there is the concept of "balanced" and "unbalanced" cycles.^ Is this an early sign of the end of social networks?
  • It’s Official: U.S. Social Networking Sites See Slow Down « Creative Capital 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC creativecapital.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There’s nothing sadder than a social network account with few or no friends.
  • Social Network Design: Examples and Best Practices - Smashing Magazine 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.smashingmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Is there anyone out there who cares enough and can communicate with Facebook to help Facebook become a user friendly Internet social network service it claims to be?
  • Social Networks: Facebook Takes Over Top Spot, Twitter Climbs 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC blog.compete.com [Source type: General]

A balanced cycle is defined as a cycle where the product of all the signs are positive. .Balanced graphs represent a group of people who are unlikely to change their opinions of the other people in the group.^ "Influencing the people who influence many other people" .
  • Pumping up your Professional Network — Social Edge 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.socialedge.org [Source type: General]

^ Likemind London is the one which meets early in the morning and isn’t targeted to a specific interest group, just people who are naturally curious.
  • The Top 10 Social Networks for Creative People | Lateral Action 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC lateralaction.com [Source type: General]

^ Actions are actually individual groups of passionate members who rally around important topics that have come to the forefront of the climate change debate.
  • Social Networking for Associations and Nonprofits Blog 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.theport.com [Source type: General]

.Unbalanced graphs represent a group of people who are very likely to change their opinions of the people in their group.^ Likemind London is the one which meets early in the morning and isn’t targeted to a specific interest group, just people who are naturally curious.
  • The Top 10 Social Networks for Creative People | Lateral Action 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC lateralaction.com [Source type: General]

^ So I’d like to say a big thank you to all the contributors, and encourage you to visit their sites and profiles, they are a fascinating and very talented bunch of people.
  • The Top 10 Social Networks for Creative People | Lateral Action 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC lateralaction.com [Source type: General]

^ While such an approach will miss most of the community (those who are "isolated" from the elite network), the approach is very likely to capture the elite network quite effectively.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For example, a group of 3 people (A, B, and C) where A and B have a positive relationship, B and C have a positive relationship, but C and A have a negative relationship is an unbalanced cycle.^ An important aspect of Social Network Analysis is the visualisation of communication and other relationships between people and/or groups, by means of diagrams.
  • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

^ The nodes in the network are the people and groups while the links show relationships or flows between the nodes.
  • Social Network Analysis 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC lrs.ed.uiuc.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Positions in one set of relations may re-enforce or contradict positions in another (I might share friendship ties with one set of people with whom I do not work on committees, for example).
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This group is very likely to morph into a balanced cycle, such as one where B only has a good relationship with A, and both A and B have a negative relationship with C. By using the concept of balances and unbalanced cycles, the evolution of signed social network graphs can be predicted.^ Is this an early sign of the end of social networks?
  • It’s Official: U.S. Social Networking Sites See Slow Down « Creative Capital 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC creativecapital.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We’d like to introduce India Social Network .
  • Indian Social Networks – who will win? « Ashish Kumar from Tekriti Software 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC latestinindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Group formation in large social networks: membership, growth, and evolution.
  • Social Networks And Group Formation - Boxes and Arrows: The design behind the design 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.boxesandarrows.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One study has found that happiness tends to be correlated in social networks.^ Studying online social networks.

^ According to a recent study conducted by Forrester Research, about two-thirds of of all North American youth use some form of social network on a daily basis, and about one-third of adults in [ continue reading ] .
  • Social Networking | All Things CRM 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.allthingscrm.com [Source type: General]

^ Personally, I am quite happy with Facebook, and I shy away from all the green social networks.
  • 10 Green Social Networks You Should Know 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC earth2tech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.When a person is happy, nearby friends have a 25 percent higher chance of being happy themselves.^ If your friend’s friend becomes happy, that increases the chance your friend will become happy — and that you will too.

^ For each person you befriend, perform a favor for, vote for their post, etc., you greatly increase your chances that your friend will do the same for you and your brand.

^ But when your friend numbers grow to 100, 200, 500 or higher, being able to group them together almost becomes a necessity.
  • Social Network Design: Examples and Best Practices - Smashing Magazine 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.smashingmagazine.com [Source type: General]

.Furthermore, people at the center of a social network tend to become happier in the future than those at the periphery.^ Can it become a social network?
  • The Next Social Network: WordPress – GigaOM 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC gigaom.com [Source type: General]

^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There’s nothing sadder than a social network account with few or no friends.
  • Social Network Design: Examples and Best Practices - Smashing Magazine 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.smashingmagazine.com [Source type: General]

.Clusters of happy and unhappy people were discerned within the studied networks, with a reach of three degrees of separation: a person's happiness was associated with the level of happiness of their friends' friends' friends.^ Over the next few years, they were followed by Six Degrees Of Separation, Circle Of Friends, and Friendster.

^ DEFINITION: Six degrees of separation is the theory that anyone on the planet can be connected to any other person on the planet through a chain of acquaintances that has no more than five intermediaries.
  • Social Networking White Papers, Software Downloads, Definition and Webcasts - Bitpipe 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.bitpipe.com [Source type: General]

^ Personally, I am quite happy with Facebook, and I shy away from all the green social networks.
  • 10 Green Social Networks You Should Know 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC earth2tech.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16]
.Some researchers have suggested that human social networks may have a genetic basis.^ Perspectives on social network research .
  • Social Networks 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.socialnetworks.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Perspectives on Social network research (pp.

^ Research methods in social network analysis.

[17] .Using a sample of twins from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, they found that in-degree (the number of times a person is named as a friend), transitivity (the probability that two friends are friends with one another), and betweenness centrality (the number of paths in the network that pass through a given person) are all significantly heritable.^ Given a minimum weight for a time slice, a line is drawn between two people to recognize that they are related to one another.
  • Social Network Fragments 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC smg.media.mit.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Me and my friends use it all the time.
  • Parent Advice - Tips for Social Networking - Common Sense Media 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.commonsensemedia.org [Source type: General]

^ Often network studies don't use "samples" at all, at least in the conventional sense.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Existing models of network formation cannot account for this intrinsic node variation, so the researchers propose an alternative "Attract and Introduce" model that can explain heritability and many other features of human social networks.^ Perspectives on social network research.
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ A dynamic model for social networks.

^ Perspectives on social network research .
  • Social Networks 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.socialnetworks.org [Source type: Academic]
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

[18]

Application to Environmental Issues

.The 1984 book The IRG Solution argued that central media and government-type hierarchical organizations could not adequately understand the environmental crisis we were manufacturing, or how to initiate adequate solutions.^ Nonprofits and associations will also appreciate how ThePort's adaptable "social spaces" solutions can be expanded to match an organization's objectives.
  • Social Networking for Associations and Nonprofits Blog 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.theport.com [Source type: General]

^ It doesn't give the alumni credit for understanding how these forums work, and indicates that the parent organization might not understand how they work; .
  • alumni futures: Social Networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.alumnifutures.com [Source type: General]

^ In this post we looked at a how brands can use social media when a crisis hits, but perhaps more importantly why they should be engaging people in social media before the crisis.
  • Social networks | FreshNetworks Blog 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.freshnetworks.com [Source type: General]

.It argued that the widespread introduction of Information Routing Groups was required to create a social network whose overall intelligence could collectively understand the issues and devise and implement correct workeable solutions and policies.^ Introduction to social network methods Bibliography .
  • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Social networks are generally teeming with information.
  • Social Network Design: Examples and Best Practices - Smashing Magazine 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.smashingmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ Social networks and the performance of individuals and groups.

Metrics (Measures) in social network analysis

Betweenness
The extent to which a node lies between other nodes in the network. This measure takes into account the connectivity of the node's neighbors, giving a higher value for nodes which bridge clusters. The measure reflects the number of people who a person is connecting indirectly through their direct links.[19]
Bridge
An edge is said to be a bridge if deleting it would cause its endpoints to lie in different components of a graph.
Centrality
This measure gives a rough indication of the social power of a node based on how well they "connect" the network. "Betweenness", "Closeness", and "Degree" are all measures of centrality.
Centralization
The difference between the number of links for each node divided by maximum possible sum of differences. A centralized network will have many of its links dispersed around one or a few nodes, while a decentralized network is one in which there is little variation between the number of links each node possesses.
Closeness
The degree an individual is near all other individuals in a network (directly or indirectly). It reflects the ability to access information through the "grapevine" of network members. .Thus, closeness is the inverse of the sum of the shortest distances between each individual and every other person in the network.^ These are particularly useful for small, niche social networks, as they allow every member to see every other member.
  • Social Network Design: Examples and Best Practices - Smashing Magazine 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.smashingmagazine.com [Source type: General]

^ For an overview of social effects on health — both in networks and between pairs of individuals — see Smith, K. P. and Christakis, N. A. 2008.

^ Modality and levels of analysis The network analyst tends to see individual people nested within networks of face-to-face relations with other persons.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(See also: Proxemics) The shortest path may also be known as the "geodesic distance".
Clustering coefficient
A measure of the likelihood that two associates of a node are associates themselves. A higher clustering coefficient indicates a greater 'cliquishness'.
Cohesion
The degree to which actors are connected directly to each other by cohesive bonds. .Groups are identified as ‘cliques’ if every individual is directly tied to every other individual, ‘social circles’ if there is less stringency of direct contact, which is imprecise, or as structurally cohesive blocks if precision is wanted.^ Structural equivalence of individuals in social networks.

^ Social networks and the performance of individuals and groups.

^ There are a lot of social networking sites out there, but there is no need to dilute your efforts by attempting to use every single one.
  • Social networks change the online retail game | ITworld 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.itworld.com [Source type: General]

[20]
Degree
The count of the number of ties to other actors in the network. See also degree (graph theory).
(Individual-level) Density
The degree a respondent's ties know one another/ proportion of ties among an individual's nominees. Network or global-level density is the proportion of ties in a network relative to the total number possible (sparse versus dense networks).
Flow betweenness centrality
The degree that a node contributes to sum of maximum flow between all pairs of nodes (not that node).
Eigenvector centrality
A measure of the importance of a node in a network. .It assigns relative scores to all nodes in the network based on the principle that connections to nodes having a high score contribute more to the score of the node in question.^ And all the points are placed in the rings in such a way that the lines connecting them are relatively short.
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Desichum - The all new social networking site which is soon to surface on this large ocean of more than trillion of websites around the world.
  • Indian Social Networks – who will win? « Ashish Kumar from Tekriti Software 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC latestinindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is based on the fact that people are more likely to forget communication (giving a value that is too low) than they are to hallucinate communication that did not occur (giving a value that is too high).
  • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

Local Bridge
An edge is a local bridge if its endpoints share no common neighbors. Unlike a bridge, a local bridge is contained in a cycle.
Path Length
The distances between pairs of nodes in the network. Average path-length is the average of these distances between all pairs of nodes.
Prestige
In a directed graph prestige is the term used to describe a node's centrality. "Degree Prestige", "Proximity Prestige", and "Status Prestige" are all measures of Prestige. See also degree (graph theory).
Radiality
Degree an individual’s network reaches out into the network and provides novel information and influence.
Reach
The degree any member of a network can reach other members of the network.
Structural cohesion
The minimum number of members who, if removed from a group, would disconnect the group.[21]
Structural equivalence
Refers to the extent to which nodes have a common set of linkages to other nodes in the system. The nodes don’t need to have any ties to each other to be structurally equivalent.
Structural hole
Static holes that can be strategically filled by connecting one or more links to link together other points. Linked to ideas of social capital: if you link to two people who are not linked you can control their communication.

Network analytic software

.Network analytic tools are used to represent the nodes (agents) and edges (relationships) in a network, and to analyze the network data.^ Using Galois lattices to represent network data.
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Using a tool like Yammer allows you to communicate to your colleagues simply, cost-free and with messages targeted specifically to them and their network.
  • The Melcrum Blog: Social Networks 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.melcrumblog.com [Source type: General]

^ Binary data is so widely used in network analysis that it is not unusual to see data that are measured at a "higher" level transformed into binary scores before analysis proceeds.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Like other software tools, the data can be saved in external files.^ Linked in a (semantic) Web to other FOAF files and arbitrary RDF Data .
  • Linking Social Networks and the Semantic Web using GRDDL 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.ibiblio.org [Source type: General]

^ Scales of measurement Like other kinds of data, the information we collect about ties between actors can be measured (i.e.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Social network data are, as we have pointed out, easily represented as arrays of numbers -- just like other types of sociological data.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Additional information comparing the various data input formats used by network analysis software packages is available at NetWiki.^ However, these corporate social networks can be discovered in short order by using Metron EBA, an enterprise behavioral analysis appliance from eTelemetry Inc.
  • See corporate social networks in action - Computerworld Blogs 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC blogs.computerworld.com [Source type: General]

^ Although variations in the colors and shapes of points are not used here, they are not necessary, since the tripartite structure of the data is very clearly evident.
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Work and friendship ties in organizations: A comparative analysis of relational networks.

.Network analysis tools allow researchers to investigate large networks like the Internet, disease transmission, etc.^ Research methods in social network analysis.

^ Her research focuses on how people negotiate mediated contexts like social network sites for sociable purposes.
  • Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Using a tool like Yammer allows you to communicate to your colleagues simply, cost-free and with messages targeted specifically to them and their network.
  • The Melcrum Blog: Social Networks 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.melcrumblog.com [Source type: General]

.These tools provide mathematical functions that can be applied to the network model.^ Even the tools of predictive modeling are commonly applied to network data (e.g.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Article "Business Networking and Business model" provide a better way for the people who don't have idea about the how social networking works and the various site available.
  • MediaShift . Your Guide to Social Networking Online | PBS 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: General]

^ We will briefly describe all of these variations, and provide examples of how they are commonly applied in social network studies.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Visual representation of social networks is important to understand the network data and convey the result of the analysis [2].^ Social network analysis: Methods and applications .

^ Social network analysis on the Semantic Web.
  • Social Network Profiles as Taste Performances 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Computer programs in social network analysis.
  • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Network analysis tools are used to change the layout, colors, size and advanced properties of the network representation.^ Maybe small businesses could use a different type of social networking system that’s more tailored to their size and need for flexibility.
  • Social Networks for Everyone!! Blog 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC socialshakers.com [Source type: General]

^ If only we had the data, I’m sure social network analysis could be show that hair color, IQ and wealth are socially contagious, too.

^ Most of the special approaches and methods of network analysis that we will discuss in the remainder of this text were developed to be used with full network data.
  • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Patents

Growth in Social Network Patent Applications.jpg
.There has been rapid growth in the number of US patent applications that cover new technologies related to social networking.^ I am doing a study on social networking and its relation ship to the new technologies.
  • MediaShift . Your Guide to Social Networking Online | PBS 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: General]

^ Social network analysis: Methods and applications .

^ Qnahealth is a new social network for health related information and support.
  • List Of Top Social Media Network Sites | Showcases | instantShift 11 January 2010 0:29 UTC www.instantshift.com [Source type: General]

.The number of published applications has been growing at about 250% per year over the past five years.^ In contrast, the Alumni Association's version of the same site provides links to a number of published commentaries about the process itself and the actors involved.
  • alumni futures: Social Networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.alumnifutures.com [Source type: General]

^ I have been involved into Joomla for about one year, and can tell that Joomla offers a great base to start building any of your own applications.
  • Build a Social Network Using Joomla! | Nettuts+ 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC net.tutsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example, instead of seeing five new updates about friends that installed a new application, you would see one update that says five of your friends added the application.
  • Ajaxian » Social Networks 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC ajaxian.com [Source type: General]

.There are now over 2000 published applications.^ Now expand the idead beyond email, trackbacks, friending, blogrolls, think of and think of all the Facebook applications that are out there.
  • The Next Social Network: WordPress – GigaOM 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC gigaom.com [Source type: General]

[22] Only about 100 of these applications have issued as patents, however, largely due to the multi-year backlog in examination of business method patents and ethical issues connected with this patent category [23]

See also

References

  1. ^ Linton Freeman, The Development of Social Network Analysis. Vancouver: Empirical Press, 2006.
  2. ^ Wellman, Barry and S.D. Berkowitz, eds., 1988. .Social Structures: A Network Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The network structure of social capital.

    ^ Biased networks and social structure theorems, Part II. Social Networks, 6 , 223-258.

  3. ^ Hansen, William B. and Reese, Eric L. 2009. Network Genie User Manual. Greensboro, NC: Tanglewood Research.
  4. ^ Freeman, Linton. 2006. The Development of Social Network Analysis. Vancouver: Empirical Pres, 2006; Wellman, Barry and S.D. Berkowitz, eds., 1988. .Social Structures: A Network Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The network structure of social capital.

    ^ Biased networks and social structure theorems, Part II. Social Networks, 6 , 223-258.

  5. ^ Scott, John. 1991. Social Network Analysis. London: Sage.
  6. ^ Wasserman, Stanley, and Faust, Katherine. 1994. .Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.^ In previous work [ 5 , 6 , 7 ], we have applied Social Network Analysis to military organisations.
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ^ There was even an allergic reaction to the term “social” as applied to the networking application.
    • IT@Intel Blog : Tags : social_networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC communities.intel.com [Source type: General]

    ^ These two factors seem to have been central in the growth of social network analysis.
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

  7. ^ The Development of Social Network Analysis Vancouver: Empirical Press.
  8. ^ A.R. Radcliffe-Brown, "On Social Structure," Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute: 70 (1940): 1-12.
  9. ^ [Nadel, SF. 1957. The Theory of Social Structure. London: Cohen and West.
  10. ^ The Networked Individual: A Profile of Barry Wellman. [1]
  11. ^ Mark Granovetter, "Introduction for the French Reader," Sociologica 2 (2007): 1-8; Wellman, Barry. 1988. "Structural Analysis: From Method and Metaphor to Theory and Substance." Pp. 19-61 in Social Structures: A Network Approach, edited by Barry Wellman and S.D. Berkowitz. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  12. ^ Mark Granovetter, "Introduction for the French Reader," Sociologica 2 (2007): 1-8; Wellman, Barry. 1988. "Structural Analysis: From Method and Metaphor to Theory and Substance." Pp. 19-61 in Social Structures: A Network Approach, edited by Barry Wellman and S.D. Berkowitz. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (see also Scott, 2000 and Freeman, 2004).
  13. ^ Barry Wellman, Wenhong Chen and Dong Weizhen. “Networking Guanxi." Pp. 221-41 in Social Connections in China: Institutions, Culture and the Changing Nature of Guanxi, edited by Thomas Gold, Douglas Guthrie and David Wank. Cambridge University Press, 2002.
  14. ^ Could It Be A Big World After All?: Judith Kleinfeld article.
  15. ^ Six Degrees: The Science of a Connected Age, Duncan Watts.
  16. ^ James H. Fowler and Nicholas A. Christakis. 2008. "Dynamic spread of happiness in a large social network: longitudinal analysis over 20 years in the Framingham Heart Study." British Medical Journal. December 4, 2008: doi:10.1136/bmj.a2338. Media account for those who cannot retrieve the original: Happiness: It Really is Contagious Retrieved December 5, 2008.
  17. ^ "Genes and the Friends You Make". Wall Street Journal. January 27, 2009. http://online.wsj.com/article/SB123302040874118079.html. 
  18. ^ Fowler, J. H. (10 February 2009). "Model of Genetic Variation in Human Social Networks" (PDF). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 106 (6): 1720–1724. doi:10.1073/pnas.0806746106. http://jhfowler.ucsd.edu/genes_and_social_networks.pdf. 
  19. ^ The most comprehensive reference is: Wasserman, Stanley, & Faust, Katherine. (1994). Social Networks Analysis: Methods and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. A short, clear basic summary is in Krebs, Valdis. (2000). "The Social Life of Routers." Internet Protocol Journal, 3 (December): 14-25.
  20. ^ Cohesive.blocking is the R program for computing structural cohesion according to the Moody-White (2003) algorithm. This wiki site provides numerous examples and a tutorial for use with R.
  21. ^ Moody, James, and Douglas R. White (2003). ."Structural Cohesion and Embeddedness: A Hierarchical Concept of Social Groups."^ Social structure in a group of scientists: A test of the 'Invisible college' hypothesis, American Sociological Review , 34: 335-352 Davis, J. 1963.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Economic action and social structure: the problem of embeddedness.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ This more accurately mirrors unmediated social structures, where "the world is composed of networks, not groups" (Wellman, 1988, p.
    • Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

    American Sociological Review 68(1):103-127. Online: (PDF file.
  22. ^ USPTO search on published patent applications mentioning “social network”
  23. ^ USPTO search on issued patents mentioning “social network”

Further reading

.
  • Barnes, J. A. "Class and Committees in a Norwegian Island Parish", Human Relations 7:39-58
  • Berkowitz, Stephen D. 1982. An Introduction to Structural Analysis: The Network Approach to Social Research. Toronto: Butterworth.^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Full network data allows for very powerful descriptions and analyses of social structures.
    • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Tagged as: account management , advertising , arts , copywriting , design , entry-level jobs , marketing , Nebraska , public relations , social media , social networking .
    • Entry level jobs in Social Networking | One Day, One Job 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.onedayonejob.com [Source type: General]

    ISBN 0409813621
  • Brandes, Ulrik, and Thomas Erlebach (Eds.). 2005. Network Analysis: Methodological Foundations Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.
  • Breiger, Ronald L. 2004. "The Analysis of Social Networks." Pp. 505–526 in Handbook of Data Analysis, edited by Melissa Hardy and Alan Bryman. London: Sage Publications. .ISBN 0761966528 Excerpts in pdf format
  • Burt, Ronald S. (1992).^ Burt, Ronald S. 1992.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .Structural Holes: The Structure of Competition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.^ New York, Cambridge University Press.

    ^ Structural holes: The structure of competition .

    ^ Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Social Networks 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.socialnetworks.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Social Network Profiles as Taste Performances 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 067484372X
  • (Italian) Casaleggio, Davide (2008). TU SEI RETE. La Rivoluzione del business, del marketing e della politica attraverso le reti sociali. ISBN 8890182652
  • Carrington, Peter J., John Scott and Stanley Wasserman (Eds.). .2005. Models and Methods in Social Network Analysis. New York: Cambridge University Press.^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Big Media's Crush on Social Networking at New York Times .
    • MediaShift . Your Guide to Social Networking Online | PBS 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Tags: Australian Politics , content distribution , Fairfax , News Limited , Politics , social media , Social Networking , twitter .
    • Social Networking | the earley edition 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC earleyedition.com [Source type: General]

    .ISBN 9780521809597
  • Christakis, Nicholas and James H. Fowler "The Spread of Obesity in a Large Social Network Over 32 Years," New England Journal of Medicine 357 (4): 370-379 (26 July 2007)
  • Doreian, Patrick, Vladimir Batagelj, and Anuska Ferligoj.^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Big Media's Crush on Social Networking at New York Times .
    • MediaShift . Your Guide to Social Networking Online | PBS 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: General]

    ^ Washington, DC Ozmosis, the Trusted Physician's Network, offers twitter a sampling of content discussed on Ozmosis along with insights on the use of social media in medicine.
    • twibs - social network - 179 results for Twitter Businesses Matching 'social network' 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.twibs.com [Source type: General]

    (2005). .Generalized Blockmodeling. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.^ New York, Cambridge University Press.

    ^ Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Social Networks 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.socialnetworks.org [Source type: Academic]
    • Social Network Profiles as Taste Performances 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications , Cambridge University Press, 1994.
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    .ISBN 0521840856
  • Freeman, Linton C. (2004) The Development of Social Network Analysis: A Study in the Sociology of Science. Vancouver: Empirical Press.^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Transitivity in stochastic graphs and digraphs, Journal of Mathematical Sociology , 7: 199-213 Freeman, Linton C. 1984.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Vancouver, BC Social network where you can actually have fun :) social network No reviews yet write a review 54.
    • twibs - social network - 179 results for Twitter Businesses Matching 'social network' 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.twibs.com [Source type: General]

    .ISBN 1594577145
  • Hill, R. and Dunbar, R. 2002. "Social Network Size in Humans." Human Nature, Vol.^ Maybe small businesses could use a different type of social networking system that’s more tailored to their size and need for flexibility.
    • Social Networks for Everyone!! Blog 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC socialshakers.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Reply I think there’s a natural audience for social networks, and the people will find each other.
    • It’s Official: U.S. Social Networking Sites See Slow Down « Creative Capital 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC creativecapital.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Because of the nature of our social network, our users will be doing a lot of the managing and setup too!
    • Build a Social Network Using Joomla! | Nettuts+ 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC net.tutsplus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    14, No. 1, pp. 53–72.
  • Jackson, Matthew O. (2003). ."A Strategic Model of Social and Economic Networks". Journal of Economic Theory 71: 44–74. doi:10.1006/jeth.1996.0108.  pdf
  • Huisman, M. and Van Duijn, M. A. J. (2005).^ Turning a profit from mathematics: The case of social networks, Journal of Mathematical Sociology , 10: 343-360 Freeman, Linton.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Posted on February 05, 2009 at 10:26 AM in Marketing , Social Networking .

    ^ Posted on March 04, 2009 at 04:44 PM in Advertising , Facebook , Social Media Marketing , Social Networking .

    .Software for Social Network Analysis.^ Software Private P2P Social network Friend to Friend No reviews yet write a review 143.
    • twibs - social network - 179 results for Twitter Businesses Matching 'social network' 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.twibs.com [Source type: General]

    ^ These two factors seem to have been central in the growth of social network analysis.
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ PLANETwebfoot - 565 followers - Detroit, Michigan Social networking software for any online community, including corporations, education, and organizations.
    • twibs - social network - 179 results for Twitter Businesses Matching 'social network' 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.twibs.com [Source type: General]

    .In P J. Carrington, J. Scott, & S. Wasserman (Editors), Models and Methods in Social Network Analysis (pp.^ The author is indebted to Dawn Hayter for many discussions on Social Network Analysis, and to two anonymous referees for comments on earlier drafts of this paper.
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Table 6 summarises the values of skew and kurtosis for valued centrality and its inverse for Social Network Analysis studies that we have conducted (the usefulness of the inverse of valued centrality is discussed below).
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ^ An important aspect of Social Network Analysis is the visualisation of communication and other relationships between people and/or groups, by means of diagrams.
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    270–316). .New York: Cambridge University Press.^ New York: ACM Press.
    • Social Network Profiles as Taste Performances 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    • Social Network Profiles as Taste Performances 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Cambridge: Cambridge University Press Bonacich, Phillip.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .ISBN 9780521809597
  • Krebs, Valdis (2006) Social Network Analysis, A Brief Introduction.^ Social distance as metric: A systematic introduction to smallest space analysis.

    ^ In previous work [ 5 , 6 , 7 ], we have applied Social Network Analysis to military organisations.
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Applied network analysis: A methodological introduction Burt, Ronald S. 1983.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    (Includes a list of recent SNA applications Web Reference.)
  • .
  • Ligon, Ethan; Schechter, Laura, "The Value of Social Networks in rural Paraguay", University of California, Berkeley, Seminar, March 25, 2009 , Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics, College of Natural Resources, University of California, Berkeley
  • Lin, Nan, Ronald S. Burt and Karen Cook, eds.^ School of Information University of California-Berkeley Nicole B. Ellison Department of Telecommunication, Information Studies, and Media Michigan State University Go to a section in the article: .
    • Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Burt, Ronald and M.J. Minor (eds.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Top 4 Ways to create a Social Networking site like Myspace or Facebook (Part I) December 14, 2009 .
    • Social Networks for Everyone!! Blog 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC socialshakers.com [Source type: General]

    (2001). .Social Capital: Theory and Research. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.^ SavorTheSuccess - 4,400 followers - New York, NY Savor The Success is The Premium Social Network for Women Entrepreneurs.
    • twibs - social network - 179 results for Twitter Businesses Matching 'social network' 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.twibs.com [Source type: General]

    ^ BldgCapital - 275 followers - New York City New York Business Banker @ Bank of America, Bldg Capital (my company) helps develop new/existing businesses by strengthening the business plan,social networking,etc.
    • twibs - social network - 179 results for Twitter Businesses Matching 'social network' 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.twibs.com [Source type: General]

    ^ People who have Social Networking as a research interest (241) Home News Departments Research Interests People Papers Status Updates Friend Finder Login Signup .
    • Academia.edu | People | People who have Social Networking as a research interest (241) 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.academia.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ISBN 0202306437
  • Mullins, Nicholas. .1973. Theories and Theory Groups in Contemporary American Sociology. New York: Harper and Row.^ New York: Harper.
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Social networks and collective action: A theory of the critical mass III. American Journal of Sociology, 94 , 502-34.

    ^ New York: Harper & Row.

    ISBN 0060446498
  • Müller-Prothmann, Tobias (2006): Leveraging Knowledge Communication for Innovation. .Framework, Methods and Applications of Social Network Analysis in Research and Development, Frankfurt a.^ There was even an allergic reaction to the term “social” as applied to the networking application.
    • IT@Intel Blog : Tags : social_networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC communities.intel.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The goal of this section is to survey research that is directly concerned with social network sites, and in so doing, to set the stage for the articles in this special issue.
    • Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ While that’s likely a longer term feature for the popular social network, a company called my6sense has developed an iPhone/iPod Touch application called mytweetsense, that offers that content control now.
    • Social Business | ZDNet.com 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC blogs.zdnet.com [Source type: General]

    M. et al.: Peter Lang, ISBN 0-8204-9889-0.
  • Manski, Charles F. (2000). ."Economic Analysis of Social Interactions". Journal of Economic Perspectives 14: 115–36.  [3] via JSTOR
  • Moody, James, and Douglas R. White (2003).^ The analysis of social interaction data.

    ^ Structural position in the world system and economic growth 1955-1970: A multiple-network analysis of transnational interactions, American Journal of Sociology , 84, 1096-1126.

    ^ Structural position in the world system and economic growth 1955-1970: A multiple-network analysis of transnational interactions, American Journal of Sociology , 84: 1096-1126 Stark, Rodney and William Sims Bainbridge.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ."Structural Cohesion and Embeddedness: A Hierarchical Concept of Social Groups."^ Social structure in a group of scientists: A test of the 'Invisible college' hypothesis, American Sociological Review , 34: 335-352 Davis, J. 1963.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Economic action and social structure: the problem of embeddedness.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ This more accurately mirrors unmediated social structures, where "the world is composed of networks, not groups" (Wellman, 1988, p.
    • Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

    .American Sociological Review 68(1):103-127. [4]
  • Newman, Mark (2003).^ American Sociological Review , 42, 248-57.

    ^ American Sociological Review , 35, 1-20.

    ^ American Sociological Review, 35, 843-852.

    ."The Structure and Function of Complex Networks". SIAM Review 56: 167–256. doi:10.1137/S003614450342480.  pdf
  • Nohria, Nitin and Robert Eccles (1992).^ Models of network structure, Annual Review of Sociology 6: 79-141 Burt, Ronald S. 1983.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Visualisation of Social Networks is important because of the complexity of organisational structure, and the need for good visual representations of how an organisation functions.
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Nohria, N. & Eccles, R. (1992).

    .Networks in Organizations. second ed.^ This is the second part of an interview with Parry Aftab, Executive Director of WiredSafety, an organization which focuses on safety issues related to children on the Internet and particularly on social networks.
    • MIT Convergence Culture Consortium: Archives - Social Networks 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC www.convergenceculture.org [Source type: General]

    .Boston: Harvard Business Press.^ Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Press.

    ^ Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

    ISBN 0875843247
  • Nooy, Wouter d., A. Mrvar and Vladimir Batagelj. (2005). .Exploratory Social Network Analysis with Pajek. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.^ The author is indebted to Dawn Hayter for many discussions on Social Network Analysis, and to two anonymous referees for comments on earlier drafts of this paper.
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Table 6 summarises the values of skew and kurtosis for valued centrality and its inverse for Social Network Analysis studies that we have conducted (the usefulness of the inverse of valued centrality is discussed below).
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ^ An important aspect of Social Network Analysis is the visualisation of communication and other relationships between people and/or groups, by means of diagrams.
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ISBN 0521841739
  • Scott, John. (2000). .Social Network Analysis: A Handbook. 2nd Ed.^ In previous work [ 5 , 6 , 7 ], we have applied Social Network Analysis to military organisations.
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The author is indebted to Dawn Hayter for many discussions on Social Network Analysis, and to two anonymous referees for comments on earlier drafts of this paper.
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Available: http://www.touchgraph.com/TGGoogleBrowser.html Social Network Analysis spamCAN. Spam Analyzer.
    • Professor Hendrik Speck - Information Mining in the Social Web. Empolis Executive Forum 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.slideshare.net [Source type: General]

    .Newberry Park, CA: Sage.^ Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

    ^ Newbury Park, CA, Sage Publications.

    ISBN 0761963383
  • Sethi, Arjun. (2008). .Valuation of Social Networking [5]
  • Tilly, Charles.^ Table 6: Values of Skew and Kurtosis for Valued Centrality and its Inverse for Some Social Networks .
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Table 6 summarises the values of skew and kurtosis for valued centrality and its inverse for Social Network Analysis studies that we have conducted (the usefulness of the inverse of valued centrality is discussed below).
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ^ What other valuable resources do you know of online about social networking?
    • MediaShift . Your Guide to Social Networking Online | PBS 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: General]

    (2005). .Identities, Boundaries, and Social Ties. Boulder, CO: Paradigm press.^ Nodes Populations, samples, and boundaries Modality and levels of analysis Relations Sampling ties Multiple relations Scales of measurement A note on statistics and social network data .
    • Introduction to Social Network Methods:  Chapter 1: Social Network Data 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Boulder, CO: Westview Press, Inc.
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Social networks: A developing paradigm New York: Academic Press Levine, Joel H. 1972.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ISBN 1594511314
  • Valente, Thomas W. (1995). .Network Models of the Diffusion of Innovations. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.^ Network analysis of the diffusion of innovations.

    ^ Network models of diffusion of innovations .

    ^ Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.

    .ISBN 1881303217
  • Wasserman, Stanley, & Faust, Katherine.^ Stanley Wasserman and Katherine Faust.
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Wasserman, Stanley, and Katherine Faust.
    • Social Network Analysis Bibliography 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC faculty.ucr.edu [Source type: Academic]

    (1994). .Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.^ In previous work [ 5 , 6 , 7 ], we have applied Social Network Analysis to military organisations.
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ^ There was even an allergic reaction to the term “social” as applied to the networking application.
    • IT@Intel Blog : Tags : social_networking 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC communities.intel.com [Source type: General]

    ^ These two factors seem to have been central in the growth of social network analysis.
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0521382696
  • Watkins, Susan Cott. (2003). "Social Networks." Pp. 909–910 in Encyclopedia of Population. rev. ed. Edited by Paul George Demeny and Geoffrey McNicoll. .New York: Macmillan Reference.^ New York: Macmillan.
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0028656776
  • Watts, Duncan J. (2003). .Small Worlds: The Dynamics of Networks between Order and Randomness. Princeton: Princeton University Press.^ Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

    ^ Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications , Cambridge University Press, 1994.
    • Conceptual Distance in Social Network Analysis 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC members.ozemail.com.au [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Our company builds Social Networking Software and there is large disconnect between the “bloggers” of the day and the corporate world…where the money really is.
    • The Next Social Network: WordPress – GigaOM 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC gigaom.com [Source type: General]

    ISBN 0691117047
  • Watts, Duncan J. (2004). .Six Degrees: The Science of a Connected Age. W. W. Norton & Company.^ Six degrees: The science of a connected age.

    ^ Six Degrees of sexual frustration: Connecting the dates with Friendster.com.
    • Social Network Sites: Definition, History, and Scholarship 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC jcmc.indiana.edu [Source type: Academic]

    ISBN 0393325423
  • Wellman, Barry (1998). .Networks in the Global Village: Life in Contemporary Communities. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.^ That this could be a significant shift in how we communicate, network, and interact with each other on a local as well as on a global basis.
    • Social Networks for Everyone!! Blog 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC socialshakers.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Boulder, CO: Westview Press, Inc.
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ISBN 0813311500
  • Wellman, Barry. .2001. "Physical Place and Cyber-Place: Changing Portals and the Rise of Networked Individualism."^ I wanted to build a unified social network site that combined the best features of blogs and portal sites, while balancing the needs of the individual with those of the community.
    • The Next Social Network: WordPress – GigaOM 3 February 2010 18:28 UTC gigaom.com [Source type: General]

    International Journal for Urban and Regional Research 25 (2): 227-52.
  • Wellman, Barry and Berkowitz, Stephen D. (1988). .Social Structures: A Network Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The network structure of social capital.

    ^ Biased networks and social structure theorems, Part II. Social Networks, 6 , 223-258.

    ISBN 0521244412
  • Weng, M. (2007). .A Multimedia Social-Networking Community for Mobile Devices Interactive Telecommunications Program, Tisch School of the Arts/ New York University
  • White, Harrison, Scott Boorman and Ronald Breiger.^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Big Media's Crush on Social Networking at New York Times .
    • MediaShift . Your Guide to Social Networking Online | PBS 23 January 2010 20:32 UTC www.pbs.org [Source type: General]

    ^ I wonder if there's a way to recreate that environment via virtual social networks and online communities.

    .1976. "Social Structure from Multiple Networks: I Blockmodels of Roles and Positions."^ Images of social networks have provided investigators with new insights about network structures and have helped them to communicate those insights to others ( Freeman ).
    • JoSS: Journal of Social Structure 16 September 2009 4:44 UTC www.cmu.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The network structure of social capital.

    ^ Biased networks and social structure theorems, Part II. Social Networks, 6 , 223-258.

    American Journal of Sociology 81: 730-80.

External links


Simple English


A social network is a set of social actors (e.g. people, organizations, communities, nations) and a set of social relationships (e.g. friendship/affect, communication, economic transactions, interactions, kinship, authority/hierarchy, trust, social support, diffusion, contagion, shared memberships) among them. Considering social relationships as a network calls attention in some manner (e.g. graphically, analytically) to the importance of the pattern or structure of the set of relationships.

A personal social network is the pattern of relationships among a set of actors who have a relationship to a particular focal person. A community social network is the pattern of relationships among a set of people and/or organizations in a community. Each of these networks can involve social support, provide people with a sense of community and lead them to help and protect each other.

How big a personal network can become depends on the individual and the type of relationships considered. The set of people that a person knows well or with whom a person frequently interacts seldom exceeds several hundred. Similarly as the size of a community network grows maintaining relationships among all or even most members is strained by sheer size. There is a Law of 150 which suggests that about 150 persons is the best size for a village or large clan. Many experts think that a corporation has an ideal size of about 70 people: these people and their spouses would also fit as a large social network.

Social capital refers to properties of social relationships (i.e. a network) which can be utilized to yield a desired result or return, just as human capital are skills and talents resident in a person that can be used to achieve a desired result and (economic) capital are material items that can be used to yield a desired result (e.g. new product, profit). One example of social capital is people in a community network who are willing to help each other. This use of a social network is most obvious during disaster recovery. At that time people often come forward to help each other. Other examples are people using their social network to find employment or to aid their career.

In psychology, a free rider is a person who uses the social network but does not contribute help when required. It is often thought that power structures evolve from the need to detect and exclude such free riders[needs proof]. Social networks are vulnerable to them, since the circumstances where help is required, like disasters, occur by surprise. It might happen that someone cannot help at that one time - it might also happen that they are not there the next time. Only after a lot of time does it become obvious who is and is not contributing to the safety of the group, or who is avoiding the group when people really need their help.

Some social networks are held together by the ties of religion. A mosque, church or temple is almost always a center of a social network, and often that network has a name and an identity of its own that is not that of the religious organization.

See also: contact network

Sources

The Law of 150 is well documented by Robin Dunbar, British Anthropologist, Professor of Psychology, University of Liverpool, in R. I. M. Dunbar, "Neocortex size as a constraint on group size in primates," Journal of Human Evolution (1992), vol. 20, pp. 469-493 - it is also proposed by some branches of sociology.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 17, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Social network, which are similar to those in the above article.








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