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Socialist International

Socialist International logo
Abbreviation SI
Formation June 1951
Type Federation
Purpose/focus World federation of socialist political parties
Location London
Region served Worldwide
Membership 115
President George Papandreou
Main organ Congress of the Socialist International
Budget USD $1.7 million (2008)
Website http://www.socialistinternational.org
Countries governed by an SI member or consultative parties (as of August 2008).

The Socialist International is a worldwide organization of democratic socialist, social democratic, socialist, and labour political parties. It was formed in 1951.

Contents

History

The Second International, which was formed in 1889 and dissolved on the eve of World War I in 1914 and the Labour and Socialist International which dissolved itself in 1940 with the rise of nazism and the start of World War II, consitituted some of the same parties that would later form the Socialist International. Among the Second International's most famous actions were its 1889 declaration of 1 May as International Labour Day and its 1910 declaration of 8 March as International Women's Day. While the Second International was split by the outbreak of World War I, a skeleton form survived through the International Socialist Commission. The International re-formed in 1923 (as the Labour and Socialist International), and was reconstituted again, in its present form, after World War II (during which many social democratic and socialist parties had been suppressed in Nazi-occupied Europe).

During the post-World War II period, the SI aided social democratic parties in re-establishing themselves when dictatorship gave way to democracy in Portugal (1974) and Spain (1975). Until its 1976 Geneva Congress, the Socialist International had few members outside Europe and no formal involvement with Latin America[1]. In the 1980s, most SI parties gave their backing to the Nicaraguan Sandinistas (FSLN), whose left-wing government had incited enmity from the United States. Since then, the SI has admitted as member-parties not only the FSLN but also the centre-left Puerto Rican Independence Party, as well as the ex-Communist parties such as the Italian Democrats of the Left (Democratici di Sinistra (DS)) and the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO).

The Party of European Socialists, a European political party active in the European Parliament, is an associated organisation of the Socialist International.

The current Secretary General of the Socialist International is Luis Ayala (Chile), who has held the post since 1989.

Presidents

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Honorary Presidents

Summits

  1. Flag of Germany.svg Frankfurt 1951
  2. Flag of Italy.svg Milan 1952
  3. Flag of Sweden.svg Stockholm 1953
  4. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg London 1955
  5. Flag of Austria.svg Vienna 1957
  6. Flag of Germany.svg Hamburg 1959
  7. Flag of Italy.svg Rome 1961
  8. Flag of the Netherlands.svg Amsterdam 1963
  9. Flag of Belgium.svg Brussels 1964
  10. Flag of Sweden.svg Stockholm 1966
  11. Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Eastbourne 1969
  12. Flag of Austria.svg Vienna 1972
  13. Flag of Switzerland.svg Geneva 1976
  14. Flag of Canada.svg Vancouver 1978
  15. Flag of Spain.svg Madrid 1980
  16. Flag of Portugal.svg Albufeira 1983
  17. Flag of Peru.svg Lima 1986
  18. Flag of Sweden.svg Stockholm 1989
  19. Flag of Germany.svg Berlin 1992
  20. Flag of the United States.svg New York 1996
  21. Flag of France.svg Paris 1999
  22. Flag of Brazil.svg São Paulo 2003
  23. Flag of Greece.svg Athens 2008

Member parties

Country Name Government Notes
 Albania Social Democratic Party of Albania in opposition
 Albania Socialist Party of Albania in opposition
 Algeria Socialist Forces Front in opposition
 Andorra Social Democratic Party in government
 Angola Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola in government
 Armenia Armenian Revolutionary Federation in opposition
 Argentina Socialist Party in opposition
 Argentina Radical Civic Union in opposition
 Aruba People's Electoral Movement in government
 Australia Australian Labor Party in government
 Austria Social Democratic Party of Austria senior party in coalition cabinet
 Barbados Barbados Labour Party in opposition
 Belgium Socialist Party Different in opposition
 Belgium Socialist Party junior party in coalition cabinet
 Benin Social Democratic Party in opposition part of the Alliance for Dynamism and Democracy
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Alliance of Independent Social Democrats in government
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina in government
 Brazil Democratic Labour Party junior party in coalition cabinet
 Bulgaria Party of Bulgarian Social Democrats in opposition part of Coalition for Bulgaria
 Bulgaria Bulgarian Socialist Party in opposition part of Coalition for Bulgaria
 Burkina Faso Party for Democracy and Progress / Socialist Party in opposition
 Cameroon Social Democratic Front in opposition
 Canada New Democratic Party in opposition
 Cape Verde African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde in government
 Chile Socialist Party of Chile in opposition part of Concert of Parties for Democracy
 Chile Social Democratic Radical Party in opposition part of Concert of Parties for Democracy
 Chile Party for Democracy in opposition part of Concert of Parties for Democracy
 Colombia Colombian Liberal Party in opposition
 Côte d'Ivoire Ivorian Popular Front in government
 Costa Rica National Liberation Party in government
 Croatia Social Democratic Party of Croatia in opposition
 Curaçao New Antilles Movement in opposition
 Cyprus Movement for Social Democracy junior party in coalition cabinet
 Czech Republic Czech Social Democratic Party in government
 Denmark Social Democrats in opposition
 Dominican Republic Dominican Revolutionary Party in opposition
 Ecuador Democratic Left in government part of the PAIS Alliance
 Egypt National Democratic Party in government
 Equatorial Guinea Convergence for Social Democracy in opposition
 Estonia Social Democratic Party in opposition (formerly in government)
 Finland Social Democratic Party of Finland in opposition
 France Socialist Party in opposition
 Germany Social Democratic Party of Germany in opposition
 Ghana National Democratic Congress in government
 Greece Panhellenic Socialist Movement in government
 Guatemala National Unity of Hope in government
 Guinea Rally of the Guinean People in opposition has no seats in parliament as it boycotted last elections
 Haiti Fusion of Haitian Social Democrats in government (part of coalition)
 Hungary Hungarian Socialist Party in government
 Hungary Hungarian Social Democratic Party in government part of an alliance with the Hungarian Socialist Party
 Iceland Social Democratic Alliance senior party in coalition cabinet
 Iraq Patriotic Union of Kurdistan junior party in coalition cabinet part of the Democratic Patriotic Alliance of Kurdistan
 Ireland Labour Party in opposition
 Israel Israeli Labor Party junior party in coalition cabinet
 Israel New Movement-Meretz in opposition
 Italy Democrats of the Left in opposition part of the Democratic Party
 Italy Italian Socialist Party in opposition has no seats in parliament
 Jamaica People's National Party in opposition
 Japan Social Democratic Party junior party in coalition cabinet
 Lebanon Progressive Socialist Party junior party in coalition cabinet part of the March 14 Alliance
 Latvia Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party in opposition has no seats in parliament
 Lithuania Social Democratic Party of Lithuania in opposition
 Luxembourg Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party junior party in coalition cabinet
 Macedonia Social Democratic Union of Macedonia in opposition
 Malaysia Democratic Action Party in opposition part of the Pakatan Rakyat
 Mali Alliance for Democracy in Mali in government part of the Alliance for Democracy and Progress
 Mali Rally for Mali in opposition part of the Front for Democracy and the Republic
 Malta Labour Party in opposition
 Mauritania Rally of Democratic Forces in opposition
 Mauritius Mauritian Militant Movement in government part of the MMM-MSM alliance
 Mauritius Mauritian Labour Party in government part of the Alliance Sociale
 Mexico Party of the Democratic Revolution in opposition part of the Coalition for the Good of All
 Mexico Institutional Revolutionary Party in opposition part of the Alliance for Mexico
 Mongolia Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party in government
 Montenegro Social Democratic Party of Montenegro junior party in coalition cabinet part of Coalition for a European Montenegro
 Montenegro Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro senior party in coalition cabinet part of Coalition for a European Montenegro
 Morocco Socialist Union of Popular Forces junior party in coalition cabinet
 Mozambique FRELIMO in government
 Namibia South West Africa People's Organisation in government
 Nepal Nepali Congress senior party in coalition cabinet
 Netherlands Labour Party junior party in coalition cabinet
 New Zealand New Zealand Labour Party in opposition
 Nicaragua Sandinista National Liberation Front in government
 Niger Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism in opposition
Northern Ireland Social Democratic and Labour Party junior party in coalition cabinet
 Norway Norwegian Labour Party senior party in coalition cabinet
 Pakistan Pakistan Peoples Party senior party in coalition cabinet
 Panama Democratic Revolutionary Party in opposition
 Paraguay Revolutionary Febrerista Party in government part of Patriotic Alliance for Change
 Peru American Popular Revolutionary Alliance senior party in coalition cabinet
 Poland Democratic Left Alliance in opposition
 Poland Union of Labour in opposition has no seats in parliament
 Portugal Socialist Party in government
 Puerto Rico Puerto Rican Independence Party in opposition
 Romania Social Democratic Party in opposition
 San Marino Party of Socialists and Democrats in opposition
 Senegal Socialist Party of Senegal in opposition has no seats in parliament as it boycotted last elections
 Serbia Democratic Party senior party in coalition cabinet part of For a European Serbia
 Slovakia Direction – Social Democracy senior party in coalition cabinet
 Slovenia Social Democrats senior party in coalition cabinet
 Spain Spanish Socialist Workers' Party in government
 South Africa African National Congress in government
 Sweden Swedish Social Democratic Party in opposition
 Switzerland Social Democratic Party of Switzerland in coalition cabinet
 Tunisia Constitutional Democratic Rally in government
 Turkey Republican People's Party in opposition
 United Kingdom Labour Party in government
 United States Democratic Socialists of America not applicable not an electoral party
 Uruguay Socialist Party of Uruguay in government part of the Broad Front
 Uruguay New Space in government part of the Broad Front
 Venezuela Democratic Action in opposition
 Venezuela Movement for Socialism in opposition
 Zimbabwe Movement for Democratic Change – Tsvangirai senior party in coalition cabinet

Consultative parties

Observer parties

Fraternal organisations

Associated organisations

See also

References

  1. ^ The Dictionary of Contemporary Politics of South America, Routledge, 1989

External links


Simple English

The Socialist International is a worldwide group of social democratic and the labour political parties.

Contents

History

Its name is from the Second International, which was formed in 1889 and dissolved on the eve of World War I in 1914.

Some of the Second International's most famous actions were its 1889 declaration of 1 May as International Labour Day and its 1910 declaration of 8 March as International Women's Day. The Second International was split by the outbreak of World War I. A small part carried on as the International Socialist Commission. The International re-formed in 1923 (as the Labour and Socialist International), and was re organised again, in its present form, after World War II. Many social democratic and socialist parties had been suppressed in Nazi-occupied Europe).

Since World War II, the SI helped social democratic parties to re-start themselves when dictatorship gave way to democracy in Portugal (1974) and Spain (1975).

Until its 1976 Geneva Congress, the Socialist International had few members outside Europe and no formal involvement with Latin America.[1] In the 1980s, most SI parties gave their backing to the Nicaraguan Sandinistas (FSLN), whose left-wing government had incited hatred from the United States. Since then, the SI has admitted as member-parties not only the FSLN but also the centre-left Puerto Rican Independence Party, as well as the ex-Communist parties such as the Italian Democrats of the Left (Democratici di Sinistra (DS)) and the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (FRELIMO).

The Party of European Socialists, a European political party active in the European Parliament, is an associated organisation of the Socialist International.

Presidents

In 2006, George Papandreou, leader of the Panhellenic Socialist Movement, became the president of the Socialist International.

  • 1951-1957: Morgan Phillips
  • 1957-1962: Alsing Andersen
  • 1963: Erich Ollenhauer
  • 1964-1976: Bruno Pittermann
  • 1976-1992: Willy Brandt
  • 1992-1999: Pierre Mauroy
  • 1999-2005: António Guterres
  • 2006-present: George Papandreou

Honorary Presidents

  • Ruben Berrios Martinez

Congresses

Full member parties

Currently Governing

  • - Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola
  • - Socialist Forces Front
  • - Armenian Revolutionary Federation
  • - People's Electoral Movement
  • - Australian Labor Party
  • - Social Democratic Party of Austria
  • - Socialist Party
  • - Socialist Party Different
  • - Bulgarian Social Democrats
  • - Bulgarian Socialist Party
  • - African Party for the Independence of Cape Verde
  • - Social Democratic Party of Switzerland
  • - Socialist Party of Chile
  • - Social Democrat Radical Party
  • File:Flag of Cote d' - Ivorian Popular Front
  • - National Democratic Party
  • File:Flag of Estonia (bordered).svg - Social Democratic Party
  • - Social Democratic Party of Germany (coalition with Christian Democratic Union)
  • - Union of Haitian Social Democrats
  • - Hungarian Socialist Party
  • - Patriotic Union of Kurdistan
  • - Kurdistan Democratic Party
  • - Alliance
  • - Israel Labour Party (coalition with Kadima)
  • - Democratic Party (Italy)
  • - Progressive Socialist Party
  • - Lithuanian Social Democratic Party
  • - Socialist Union of Popular Forces
  • - African Party for Solidarity and Justice
  • - Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party
  • - Social Democratic Party of Montenegro
  • - Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro
  • - FRELIMO
  • - Mauritius Labour Party
  • - Nepali Congress
  • - Labour Party
  • - New Zealand Labour Party
  • Northern Ireland - Social Democratic and Labour Party (coalition partner in Northern Ireland Assembly)
  • - Sandinista National Liberation Front
  • - Norwegian Labour Party
  • - Democratic Revolutionary Party
  • - Peruvian Aprista Party
  • - Socialist Party
  • - St. Kitts and Nevis Labour Party
  • - Unity Labour Party
  • - Party of Socialists and Democrats
  • File:Flag of Slovakia (bordered).svg - Direction - Social Democracy
  • - Spanish Socialist Workers' Party
  • - African National Congress (ANC)
  • - Democratic Constitutional Rally
  • - Labour Party
  • - Socialist Party of Uruguay
  • - New Space

Non-Governing

  • - Social Democratic Party
  • - Socialist Party of Albania
  • - Social Democratic Party
  • - Socialist Party
  • - Radical Civic Union
  • - Barbados Labour Party
  • - Social Democratic Party
  • - Revolutionary Left Movement - New Majority
  • - Social Democratic Party of Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • - Democratic Labour Party
  • - Congress for Democracy and Progress
  • - Social Democratic Front
  • - New Democratic Party of Canada
  • - Colombian Liberal Party
  • - Social Democratic Party of Croatia
  • File:Flag of Curaç - Movement for a New Antilles
  • - Movement of Social Democrats
  • - Czech Social Democratic Party
  • - Social Democrats
  • - Dominican Revolutionary Party
  • - Democratic Left Party
  • - Convergence for Social Democracy
  • File:Flag of Finland (bordered).svg - Social Democratic Party of Finland
  • - Socialist Party
  • - Panhellenic Socialist Movement
  • - Rally of the Guinean People
  • - Hungarian Social Democratic Party
  • - Labour Party
  • - Meretz-Yachad
  • - Social Democratic Party
  • - Latvian Social Democratic Workers' Party
  • - Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party
  • - Social Democratic Union of Macedonia
  • - Rally for Mali
  • - Democratic Action Party
  • - Mauritian Militant Movement
  • - Party of the Democratic Revolution
  • - Party for Democracy and Socialism of Niger
  • File:Flag of Pakistan (bordered).svg - Pakistan Peoples Party
  • - Revolutionary Febrerista Party
  • File:Flag of Poland (bordered).svg - Democratic Left Alliance
  • File:Flag of Poland (bordered).svg - Union of Labour
  • - Puerto Rican Independence Party (PIP)
  • - Social Democratic Party
  • - St. Lucia Labour Party
  • - Socialist Party
  • File:Flag of Slovenia (bordered).svg - Social Democrats
  • - Swedish Social Democratic Party
  • - Republican People's Party
  • - Democratic Socialists of America (DSA does not define itself as a political party)
  • - Democratic Action

Consultative parties

  • - Azerbaijan Social Democratic Party
  • - Belarusian Social Democratic Party (People's Assembly)
  • - Alliance of Independent Social Democrats
  • - Frodebu
  • - Dominica Labour Party
  • - Fiji Labour Party
  • - Gabonese Progress Party
  • - National Democratic Congress
  • - Social Democratic Convergence
  • - Forward
  • - Working People's Alliance
  • - Rally for Mali
  • - Congress of Democrats
  • - South-West Africa People's Organisation
  • - Solidary Country Party

- Akbayan Citizens' Action Party

- Philippine Democratic Socialist Party

Observer parties

  • - Botswana National Front
  • - Bulgaria Social Democracy
  • - Patriotic Front for Progress
  • - Alternative Democratic Pole
  • - Union for Democracy and Social Progress
  • - Organisation of the People in Struggle
  • - Janata Dal (Secular)
  • - Democratic Party of Iranian Kurdistan
  • - Jordanian Democratic Party of the Left
  • Template:MTN - Rally of Democratic Forces
  • - Social Democratic Party of Moldova
  • - Fatah
  • - Democratic Society Party
  • - Yemeni Socialist Party

Fraternal organisations

  • International Falcon Movement - Socialist Education International
  • International Union of Socialist Youth
  • Socialist International Women

Associated organisations

  • International Federation of the Socialist and Democratic Press
  • International Labour Sports Confederation
  • International League of Religious Socialists
  • International Union of Social Democratic Teachers
  • Jewish Labour Bund
  • National Democratic Institute for International Affairs
  • Parliamentary Group of the Party of European Socialists
  • Party of European Socialists
  • Social Democratic Group of the Latin American Parliament
  • World Labour Zionist Movement

Other pages

  • African Socialist International
  • PARLATINO

References

  1. The Dictionary of Contemporary Politics of South America, Routledge, 1989

Othher websites


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