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Socijalistička Republika
Bosna i Hercegovina

Социјалистичка Pепублика
Босна и Херцеговина

Socialist Republic of
Bosnia and Herzegovina

A federal unit of the
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.svg
1943 — 1992 Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1998).svg
Flag of SR Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg SR Bosnia and Herzegovina coa.png
Flag Coat of arms
SFRY Bosnia and Herzegovina.png
Capital Sarajevo
Official language Serbo-Croatian or Croato-Serbian with Ijekavian Pronounciation[1]
Established
In the SFRY:
 - Since
 - Until
November 25, 1943

January 31, 1946
March 1, 1992
Area
 - Total
 - Water
Ranked 3rd in the SFRY
51,129 km²
Negligible
Population
 - Total 
 - Density
Ranked 3rd in the SFRY
4,377,053
85.6/km²
Currency Yugoslav dinar (dinar)
Time zone UTC + 1
History of
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Coat of Arms of the King Tvrtko I of Bosnia
This article is part of a series
Early History
Roman era
Slavic peoples
Monarchy
Bosnian Kingdom
Ottoman era
(Bosnia Province)
(Herzegovina Province)
Austro-Hungarian condominium of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Yugoslavia
Kingdom of Yugoslavia
World War II
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
(Socialist Republic of
Bosnia and Herzegovina
)
Contemporary
War in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina Portal
 v • d • e 

Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Serbo-Croatian: Socijalistička Republika Bosna i Hercegovina, Социјалистичка Pепублика Босна и Херцеговина) was a socialist state that was a constituent country of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. It is a predecessor of the modern-day Bosnia and Herzegovina, and was formed during a meeting of the antifascist resistance in Mrkonjić Grad on November 25, 1943. The Socialist Republic was dissolved in 1990 when it abandoned communist institutions and adopted democratic ones, as the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina which declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1992. The Government of Bosnia and Herzegovina was up to December 20, 1990 in the hands of the League of Communists of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The capital city was Sarajevo, which remained the capital following independence.

Contents

Towards independence

The Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was renamed into the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina on April 8, 1992,[2] losing the adjective "Socialist".[2] It established a multi-party system and began moving towards a fully capitalist economic system. The republic retained communist symbolism as it awaited new symbols which came after independence. The republic became governed by an independence-leaning government led by Bosniak President Alija Izetbegović, however separatist Serb factions demanded independence from Bosnia and Herzegovina, leaving the constituent republic in a fractious political environment. In 1992, the Republic declared its independence from Yugoslavia. Civil war erupted immediately afterward as Bosnian Serb territories fought for separation from Bosnia.

Heads of Institutions

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Presidents

  • Chairman of the Anti-Fascist Council of People's Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
    • Vojislav Kecmanović (25 November 1943 - 26 April 1945)
  • Presidents of the Presidium of the People's Assembly
    • Vojislav Kecmanović (26 April 1945 - November 1946)
    • Đuro Pucar (November 1946 - September 1948)
    • Vlado Šegrt (September 1948 - March 1953)
  • Presidents of the People's Assembly
    • Đuro Pucar (December 1953 - June 1963)
    • Ratomir Dugonjić (June 1963 - 1967)
    • Džemal Bijedić (1967 - 1971)
    • Hamdija Pozderac (1971 - May 1974)
  • Presidents of the Presidency
    • Ratomir Dugonjić (May 1974 - April 1978)
    • Raif Dizdarević (April 1978 - April 1982)
    • Branko Mikulić (April 1982 - 26 April 1984)
    • Milanko Renovica (26 April 1984 - 26 April 1985)
    • Munir Mesihović (26 April 1985 - April 1987)
    • Mato Andrić (April 1987 - April 1988)
    • Nikola Filipović (April 1988 - April 1989)
    • Obrad Piljak (April 1989 - 20 December 1990)
    • Alija Izetbegović (20 December 1990 - 8 April 1992)

Prime Ministers

  • Prime Minister for Bosnia and Herzegovina (part of Yugoslav Government)
  • Prime Ministers
  • Chairmen of the Executive Council
    • Đuro Pucar (March 1953 - December 1953)
    • Avdo Humo (December 1953 - 1956)
    • Osman Karabegović (1956 - 1963)
    • Hasan Brkić (1963 - 1965)
    • Rudi Kolak (1965 - 1967)
    • Branko Mikulić (1967 - 1969)
    • Dragutin Kosovac (1969 - April 1974)
    • Milanko Renovica (April 1974 - 28 April 1982)
    • Seid Maglajlija (28 April 1982 - 28 April 1984)
    • Gojko Ubiparip (28 April 1984 - April 1986)
    • Josip Lovrenović (April 1986 - April 1988)
    • Marko Ceranić (April 1988 - 20 December 1990)
    • Jure Pelivan (20 December 1990 - 8 April 1992)

Literature

References

  1. ^ Article 4 of the Ustav Republike Bosne i Hercegovine, Sarajevo, 1993
  2. ^ a b Uredba o izmjeni naziva Socijalističke Republike Bosne i Hercegovine. in: "Službeni list Republike Bosne i Hercegovine", god. I., br. 1, 9. aprila 1992., str. 1.

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