Socialist Republic of Macedonia: Wikis

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Socijalistička Republika Makedonija
Социјалистичка Република Македонија

Socialist Republic of Macedonia

A federal unit of the
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.svg
1944 — 1991 Flag of the Republic of Macedonia 1991-1995.svg
Flag of the SR Macedonia.svg Coat of arms of Macedonia.svg
Flag Coat of arms
SFRY Macedonia.png
Capital Skopje
Official language Macedonian
Established
In the SFRY:
 - Since
 - Until
August 2, 1944

January 31, 1946
September 8, 1991
Area
 - Total
 - Water
Ranked 4th in the SFRY
25,333 km²
1.9%
Population
 - Total 
 - Density
Ranked 4th in the SFRY
2,033,964
79.1/km²
Currency Yugoslav dinar (македонски денари)
Time zone UTC + 1

The Socialist Republic of Macedonia (Macedonian: Социјалистичка Република Македонија, Socijalistička Republika Makedonija) was a socialist state that was a constituent country of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.[1][2] After the transition of the political system to parliamentary democracy in 1990, the Republic changed its official name to Republic of Macedonia in 1991,[3] and with the beginning of the breakup of Yugoslavia, it declared full independence on September 8, 1991.

Contents

History

The modern Macedonian state was officially proclaimed under the name Democratic Macedonia[4] on August 2, 1944, the day of the Ilinden Uprising against the Ottoman empire in 1903, at the First Plenary Session of ASNOM during the antifascist National Liberation War of Macedonia in the Second World War. This date is now celebrated by the ethnic Macedonians as the day when which they were first allowed to freely state their nationality.

In 1945, the state changed its official name to People's Republic of Macedonia. It was formally incorporated as a constituent republic in the former Yugoslav Federation in 1946. However, many people were against the federation, others demanded greater independence from the federal authorities, which led to their prosecution. One of the notable victims of these purges was the first president Metodija Andonov - Čento. In 1963, the name was changed to Socialist Republic of Macedonia.

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Status

During that time, Macedonia had the status of a state, although not completely independent. It had its own constitution, collective presidency, government, parliament, official language, state symbols, a Ministry of Internal Affairs, Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts and other state prerogatives. Also, the Socialist Republic of Macedonia had its own Territorial Defence armed forces (Macedonian: Територијална одбрана, Teritorijalna odbrana)[5], as well as a Bureau for Foreign Relations (a Ministry of Foreign Affairs).[6]

The rights of the ethnic minorities were guaranteed by the Constitution. The ruling political party was the League of Communists of Macedonia (Сојуз на комунистите на Македонија, Sojuz na komunistite na Makedonija).

Transition

In 1990 the form of government peacefully changed from socialist state to parliamentary democracy. The first pluralist elections were held on November 11, 1990. After the collective presidency led by Vladimir Mitkov[7] was dissolved, Kiro Gligorov became the first democratically elected president of the Socialist Republic of Macedonia on January 31, 1991.[8] On April 16, 1991 the parliament adopted the constitutional amendment for removing the "Socialist" adjective from the official name of the country, and on June 7 the same year, the new name Republic of Macedonia was officially established.[3]. After the process of dissolution of Yugoslavia began, the Republic of Macedonia proclaimed full independence following a referendum held on September 8, 1991.

The Republic of Macedonia is the legal pre-successor to the Socialist Republic of Macedonia.

Heads of Institutions

History of the
Republic of Macedonia
Flag of the Republic of Macedonia
This article is part of a series
Chronological
Ancient History
Medieval Period
Ottoman Macedonia
National awakening
Ilinden Uprising
Vardar Banovina
National Liberation War
ASNOM
Independent State of Macedonia
National Liberation Front
Exodus from Greece
Socialist Republic of Macedonia
1963 Skopje earthquake
Republic of Macedonia
2001 Macedonia conflict
Ohrid Agreement
Topical
Military history
Demographics
History of the Macedonian people
Other
Public Holidays
Naming Dispute

Republic of Macedonia Portal
 v • d • e 

Presidents of ASNOM

Presidents of Presidency of Parliament

Presidents of Parliament

  • Dimče-Mire Stojanov
  • Lazar Koliševski
  • Lupo Arsov
  • Vidoe Smilevski
  • Mito Hadživasilev
  • Nikola Minčev

Presidents of Presidency

  • Vidoe Smilevski
  • Ljupčo Arsov
  • Angel Čemerski
  • Blagoja Talevski
  • Tome Bukleski
  • Vančo Apostolski
  • Dragoljub Stavrev
  • Jezdimir Bogdanski
  • Vladimir Mitkov

Prime Ministers

  • Lazar Koliševski (1945–1953)
  • Ljupčo Arsov (1953–1961)
  • Aleksandar Grličkov (1961–1965)
  • Nikola Minčev (1965–1968)
  • Ksente Bogoev (1968–1974)
  • Blagoja Popov (1974–1982)
  • Dragoljub Stavrev (1982–1986)
  • Gligorije Gogovski (1986–1991)

President

This post was established in 1991 after the dissolution of the collective presidency

References

  1. ^ Устав Федеративне Народне Републике Југославије (1946), sr.wikisource.org, retrieved on October 19, 2007. (Serbo-Croatian)
  2. ^ Устав Социјалистичке Федеративне Републике Југославије (1963), sr.wikisource.org, retrieved on October 19, 2007. (Serbo-Croatian)
  3. ^ a b On This Day - Macedonian Information Agency - MIA, see: 1991 (Macedonian)
  4. ^ Dr. Cvetan Cvetkovski, Skopje University, Faculty of Law, "Constitutional history of the Republic of Macedonia", section "1. Creation of the contemporary Macedonian state during the Second World War (1941-1945)", Centre for European Constitutional Law.
  5. ^ Ministry of Defence of Republic of Macedonia
  6. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Macedonia Official Site
  7. ^ Faculty of Law, University of Skopje (Macedonian)
  8. ^ a b Kiro Gligorov was elected as a President on January 31st 1991, when SR Macedonia was still an official name of the nation. After the change of the state's name, he continued his function as a President of the Republic of Macedonia - The Official Site of The President of the Republic of Macedonia

External links


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