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Socialistična republika Slovenija
Socialist Republic of Slovenia

A federal unit of the
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Flag of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.svg
Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg
Flag of Germany 1933.svg
1944 — 1991 Flag of Slovenia.svg
Flag of SR Slovenia.svg SR Slovenia coa.png
Flag Coat of arms
SFRY Slovenia.png
Capital Ljubljana
Official language Slovene (Italian and Hungarian co-official in certain areas)
In the SFRY:
 - Since
 - Until
19 February 1944

31 January 1946
25 June 1991 [1]
 - Total
 - Water
Ranked 5th in the SFRY
20,246 km²
 - Total 
 - Density
Ranked 5th in the SFRY
Currency Yugoslav dinar (dinar)
Time zone UTC + 1
History of Slovenia
Coat of arms of Slovenia
This article is part of a series
Slavic settlement of the Eastern Alps
Samo's Realm
Holy Roman Empire
March of Carniola
Windic March
Illyrian Provinces
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Province of Ljubljana
Socialist Republic of Slovenia
Republic of Slovenia

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The Socialist Republic of Slovenia (Slovene: Socialistična republika Slovenija) was a socialist state that was a constituent country of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1943 until 1991. In 1990, while the country was still a part of the Yugoslav federation, the League of Communists of Slovenia allowed for the establishment of other political parties, which lead to the democratization of the country.[1] Prior to 1963, the official name was the People's Republic of Slovenia (Ljudska republika Slovenija). On 8 March 1990, the Socialist Republic of Slovenia removed the prefix "Socialist" from its name, becoming the Republic of Slovenia, though remaining a constituent state of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia until 25 June 1991, when it declared independence.

Towards secession

In March 1990, the Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia approved a number of constitutional changes that enabled a democratic transition. The socialist infrastructure was largely dissolved and open democratic elections were held in April of the same year. The parliamentary elections were won by the opposition, known as the DEMOS coalition led by the dissident Jože Pučnik. At the same time, Milan Kučan, the former chairman of the League of Communists of Slovenia (ZKS), was elected President of the Republic. The democratically elected parliament nominated the Christian Democratic leader Lojze Peterle as Prime Minister, which effectively ended the 45-year long rule of the Communist Party. During this period, Slovenia retained its old flag and coat of arms, and most of the previous symbols as it awaited the creation of new symbols that would eventually come after independence. The old national anthem, Naprej zastava slave was however replaced by the Zdravljica already in March 1990.

On 23 December 1990, a referendum on independence was held in Slovenia, in which 92,3% of the voters (88.5 % of the overall electorate) voted in favour of secession of Slovenia from Yugoslavia. On 25 June 1991, Slovenian independence was proclaimed by the Slovenian Parliament. Following a short Ten Day War, the military of Slovenia secured its independence; by the end of the year, its independence was recognized by the international community.


See also

  • Ustava Socialistične republike Slovenije - constitution of SR Slovenia from 1974 (in Slovene)


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