Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist): Wikis


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Socialist Unity Center of India (Communist)
Secretary-General Nihar Mukherjee
Founded 1948
Headquarters 48 Lenin Sarani, Kolkata - 700 013, India
22°33′49.9″N 88°21′20.1″E / 22.563861°N 88.355583°E / 22.563861; 88.355583
Newspaper Proletarian Era (English)
Student wing All India Democratic Students Organisation
Youth wing All India Democratic Youth Organisation
Women's wing All India Mahila Sanskritik Sanghathan
Labour wing All India United Trade Union Centre
Peasant's wing All India Krishak Khet Majdoor Sangathan
Ideology Marxism-Leninism, Shibdas Ghosh Thought
Alliance Independent
Seats in Lok Sabha 1
Seats in Rajya Sabha None
Politics of India
Political parties

The Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) is a communist party in India. The party was founded by Shibdas Ghosh in 1948.



SUCI(C) considers itself as the only genuine communist party in India,[1] and follows a Marxist-Leninist ideological line formulated by Shibdas Ghosh. The party rejects political ideas such as glasnost and perestroika as revisionist, and claims to uphold the original intent of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Lenin, Mao Zedong, Joseph Stalin, and thoughts of Ghosh.[2]

SUCI(C) holds that India is a capitalist country. In line with that analysis, the party works for Socialist Revolution, rather than People's Democratic Revolution (like Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M))), National Democratic Revolution (like Communist Party of India (CPI)) or New Democratic Revolution (like the Naxalites).[3]

SUCI(C)'s 1st Party Congress was held in Kolkata in 1988. The 2nd party congress was held from 11-17 November 2009 in Ramlila Maidan, New Delhi attended by thousands of participants from 22 states and observers from several foreign countries. The current political line of the party was formulated in the 2nd party congress[4], [5], [6]. The party's name was changed from Socialist Unity Centre of India (SUCI) to Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) [SUCI (C)] in the second party congress [7].

Parliamentary politics

From its inception, SUCI(C) took part in parliamentary elections and was part of the United Front governments in West Bengal in 1967-1969 and 1969-1970 together with CPI(M) and others. The party had a Member of Parliament (MP) in the 4th Lok Sabha from the Jaynagar (Lok Sabha constituency)[8], [9]. The SUCI(C) had presence in the legislative assemblies of Assam, Bihar and Orissa at various times. In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections SUCI(C) launched 56 candidates, 30 of them from West Bengal. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections (2009) SUCI(C) declared 40 candidates from 12 states[10].

As of 2009, it has one MP[11] and two MLAs in West Bengal.

Current situation

SUCI(C) members live in communes wherein they lead a simple life style. Day-to-day upkeep of the commune and the well being of the children of party members living in the communes are taken care by the shared efforts of party members. Major income of the party is from box collection in the streets and house to house collection; members who are employed hands in their salaries to the party. The party contests elections with the money collected through this transparent fund raising method[12], [13], [14].

The stronghold of the party is in the South 24 Parganas, West Bengal, in areas such as Jaynagar Mazilpur where it controls certain municipalities.

SUCI(C) is actively involved in the ongoing anti-Special Economic Zone movements in India. The most notable of these movements that the party is active in are:

  • The Moolampally (Cochin, Kerala) land evictees aggitation for an appropriate rehabilitation package. The general conveener of the Moolampally aggitation is Francis Kalathunkal, the local secretary of SUCI(C) [23], [24].

The party is also actively involved in the aggitation of landless in Chengara (Pathanamthitta, Kerala) called Chengara Samaram in popular media[25], [26].

The party has formed a political front in West Bengal with All India Trinamool Congress to fight the Communist Party of India (Marxist) on an agreement that the alliance will maintain equidistance from the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party. [27][28]

The party won the Joynagar (Lok Sabha constituency) in 2009 elections with a majority of 53676 votes[29].

SUCI(C) rally in Kolkata


The Gherao principle was introduced as a formal mode of protest in the trade union sector by late Subodh Banarjee, the then central committee member of SUCI(C) and the PWD and Labor Minister in the 1967 and 1969 United Front Governments in West Bengal, respectively[30], [31], [32].

One of the major campaigns of the party in West Bengal has been its agitations against the educational policy of the Left Front state government. The decision of the Left Front government to remove the English language from primary education sparked a mass movement led by the SUCI(C) for the reinsertion of English.[33][34][35]

Below is a chronological list of campaigns organized by the SUCI(C) in the West Bengal:

  • 1953: Tram fare protest movement was organized by the SUCI(C).[36]
  • 1954: In 1954, the SUCI(C) organized the teachers’ movement.[36]
  • 1956: Banga bihar sanjukti birodhi andolan.[36]
  • 1958: Students’ movement was organized by the party.[36]
  • 1959: The SUCI(C) organized food movement.[36]
  • 1967: Another food movement was led by the party.[36]
  • 1979: The SUCI(C) organized a movement against various decisions taken by the Government of India.[36]
  • 1980: The SUCI(C) organized Bhasha andolan against the Government of West Bengal which continues till now.[36]
  • 1983: A movement was led by the party against bus fare hike.[36]
  • 1988: First Party Congress in Kolkata(24-29March)
  • 1990: Another movement was organized by the SUCI(C) against the Government of West Bengal for bus fare hike and a Bangla bandh in September to protest against the death of Madhai Halder, a party supporter killed in police firing at the Esplanade on August 31, 1990. This was the first bandh.[36]
  • 1991: A protest was led by the organization against electricity price hike.[36]
  • 1991: The SUCI(C) organized a movement against the state education policy.[36]
  • 1998: Bangla bandh on February 3 in order to bring back English at the primary education. This was the second bandh.[36]
  • 2000: The SUCI(C) organized a protest movement demanding English as a compulsory subject at primary education.[36]
  • 2002: A protest was organized against the decision of the Government of West Bengal to increase hospital fee and the increase in electricity charges by the Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation and West Bengal State Electricity Board. This was the third bandh.[36]
  • 2006-ongoing: The Anti SEZ movements in Singur[15][17] and Nandigram.[18][19][20][21][22]
  • 2008: April 21st 12-hour state-wide shutdown in West Bengal jointly called by the Trinamool Congress and SUCI(C) [37], [38]
SUCI(C) mural in Kolkata, announcing 'SUCI(C) day' rally on April 24


After Ghosh's death in 1976 Nihar Mukherjee, a co-founder of SUCI(C), became the General Secretary[2]. The central committee of the party consists of Nihar Mukherjee, Provash Ghosh, Manik Mukherjee, Krishna Chakraborty, Ranjit Dhar, Asit Bhattacharyya, Yakub Pailan, Debprasad Sarkar, Kalyan Chowdhury, C.K Lukose, K. Radhakrishna, Gopal Kundu, Soumen Bose, Satyawan and Sankar Saha. The politburo of the party consists of Nihar Mukherjee, Provash Ghosh, Manik Mukherjee, Krishna Chakraborty, Ranjit Dhar and Asit Bhattacharyya. The incumbent central committee and politburo was elected in the 2nd party congress[39].

Secretaries of the State Committees of the party are:

Secretaries of the State Organizing Committees are:

The MP of the party is:

The MLAs of the party are:

Former Legislators of SUCI(C)

The former ministers of SUCI(C) in West Bengal:

The former MP of the party was:

The former MLAs of the party were [51],[52] :

Mass organizations

The principal mass organizations of SUCI(C) are:


The central organ of SUCI(C) is the Proletarian Era, an English forthnighly published from Kolkata.

Cover of Proletarian Era

The state committees of the party publishes:


In 2005 Probodh Purkait, a SUCI(C) MLA who represented Kultali constituency for 30 years, was convicted for murder and sentenced to life term by the Calcutta High Court.[54] SUCI(C) denounced the court ruling as a 'conspiracy of CPI(M)'.[55] Supreme Court of India on 27 February, 2007 dismissed the appeal filed by Prabodh Purkait against the judgment passed by the Division Bench of the Calcutta High Court.[56] In April 2008, an SUCI(C) leader Bidhan Chatterjee committed suicide citing the corruption in SUCI(C) as the reason for his suicide. In a letter sent before his death, he accused that the SUCI(C) leaders were "hobnobbing with real estate promoters and foreign-funded NGOs".[57][58]


Communism in India

Communist Party of India

Communist Party of India (Marxist)

Naxalbari uprising
Communist Party of India (M-L)
Liberation - New Democracy
Janashakti - PCC - 2nd CC
Red Flag - Class Struggle
Communist Party of India (Maoist)

Socialist Unity Centre of India

A. K. Gopalan
E. M. S. Namboodiripad
B. T. Ranadive
Charu Majumdar
Jyoti Basu
S. A. Dange
Shibdas Ghosh
T. Nagi Reddy

Tebhaga movement

World Communist Movement

Communism Portal
  1. ^ Why SUCI is the only genuine communist party in India
  2. ^ a b A brief introduction to the Socialist Unity Centre of India
  3. ^ SUCI critique on Naxal movement
  4. ^ India Vision News Clip about SUCI's 2nd Party Congress (In Malayalam)
  5. ^ India Vision News Clip - SUCI Party Congress inaugration "(In Malayalam)"
  6. ^ News&contentId=6269200&tabId=11&BV_ID=@@@ Nihar Mukherjee again elected as SUCI's General Secretary "(In Malayalam)"
  7. ^ SUCI rechristens itself as SUCI (Communist)
  8. ^ Key Highlights of General Elections, 1967 to The Fourth Lok Sabha
  9. ^ SUCI(C) banks on a doctor
  10. ^ SUCI fileds 40 candidates
  11. ^ CNN-IBN Website
  12. ^ Balan S.S, Wednesday, 21 February, 2008, Viplavathintte Kudumbayogam (in Malayalam; Family of Revolutionaries), Kerala Kaumudi Online Edition (Malayalam Daily). Retrieved on 22 February 2008. [1]
  13. ^ Athul Lal AG, 1 April 2009, For Whom Fund Raising is Transparent, Indian Express (National Daily), Thiruvananthapuram. Retrived on 1 April 2009. [2]
  14. ^ Sreejan B, 26 April 2009, An uphill battle for the upright , Indian Express (National Daily), Thiruvananthapuram. Retrived on 26 April 2009. [3]
  15. ^ a b Singure issue triggers protests in Howrah
  16. ^ Singur has turned violent thanks to brutal and anti-people stance of ironic communist government of West Bengal
  17. ^ a b Singur: Medha Patkar visits dead girl's family
  18. ^ a b Mamata resigns from LS
  19. ^ a b Extend support to Nandigram people: SUCI
  20. ^ a b SUCI Protests against repression in Nandigram
  21. ^ a b Nandigram turns blood red
  22. ^ a b Cancel SEZs in Bengal, Buddha urged
  23. ^ SUCI demand [4]
  24. ^ Row over Moolampally rehabilitation package [5]
  25. ^ Aid for the family of deceased Vedi worker [6]
  26. ^ SUCI takes out march [7]
  27. ^ Trinamool-SUCI front organises first rally
  28. ^ Trinamool Congress to tie up with SUCI
  29. ^ CNN-IBN website
  30. ^ West Bengal's Jyothi Basu - A political people, Page 27
  31. ^ A defiant rebel
  32. ^ Populist Governance
  33. ^ Millions Rise Up For Total Bangla Bandh (total General Strike)
  34. ^ Bandh call banks on past success
  35. ^ Twist of the mother tongue
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o How much do you know about SUCI?
  37. ^ Trinamool-sponsored strike paralyses life in West Bengal
  38. ^ 12-hour shutdown against price rise in West Bengal
  39. ^ News&contentId=6269200&tabId=11&BV_ID=@@@ Nihar Mukherjee again SUCI's General Secretary (In Malayalam)
  40. ^ SUCI protest against price hike
  41. ^ PE05152005.p65
  42. ^ SUCI will field candidates in Gujarat elections
  43. ^ PE11012009.p5
  44. ^ PE11012009.p5
  45. ^ SUCI banks on a doctor
  46. ^ CNN-IBN Website
  47. ^ State Elections 2006 - Partywise Comparision for 102-Kultali Constituency of West Bengal
  48. ^ State Elections 2006 - Partywise Comparision for 103-Joynagar Constituency of West Bengal
  49. ^ The Second United Front
  50. ^ SUCI banks on doctors
  51. ^ Key Highlights of General Election, 1967 to The Legislative Assembly of West Bengal
  52. ^ Key Highlights of General Election, 1967 to The Legislative Assembly of West Bengal
  53. ^ Ganadabi
  54. ^ Life-term for MLA, Report in the Hindu
  55. ^ Why CPI(M) conspires to implicate SUCI(C) MLA and others in a false case
  56. ^ PROBODH PURKAIT versus STATE OF WEST BENGAL & ORS: Judgment of the Supreme Court of India
  57. ^ SUCI leader hangs himself in Puri-Body found two days after suicide threat to protest ‘corruption’ in party
  58. ^ Life in an SUCI commune: Stalinist dogma and little else

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