|Socialist Unity Center of India (Communist)|
|Headquarters||48 Lenin Sarani, Kolkata - 700 013, India
|Newspaper||Proletarian Era (English)|
|Student wing||All India Democratic Students Organisation|
|Youth wing||All India Democratic Youth Organisation|
|Women's wing||All India Mahila Sanskritik Sanghathan|
|Labour wing||All India United Trade Union Centre|
|Peasant's wing||All India Krishak Khet Majdoor Sangathan|
|Ideology||Marxism-Leninism, Shibdas Ghosh Thought|
|Seats in Lok Sabha||1|
|Seats in Rajya Sabha||None|
SUCI(C) considers itself as the only genuine communist party in India, and follows a Marxist-Leninist ideological line formulated by Shibdas Ghosh. The party rejects political ideas such as glasnost and perestroika as revisionist, and claims to uphold the original intent of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels, Lenin, Mao Zedong, Joseph Stalin, and thoughts of Ghosh.
SUCI(C) holds that India is a capitalist country. In line with that analysis, the party works for Socialist Revolution, rather than People's Democratic Revolution (like Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M))), National Democratic Revolution (like Communist Party of India (CPI)) or New Democratic Revolution (like the Naxalites).
SUCI(C)'s 1st Party Congress was held in Kolkata in 1988. The 2nd party congress was held from 11-17 November 2009 in Ramlila Maidan, New Delhi attended by thousands of participants from 22 states and observers from several foreign countries. The current political line of the party was formulated in the 2nd party congress, , . The party's name was changed from Socialist Unity Centre of India (SUCI) to Socialist Unity Centre of India (Communist) [SUCI (C)] in the second party congress .
From its inception, SUCI(C) took part in parliamentary elections and was part of the United Front governments in West Bengal in 1967-1969 and 1969-1970 together with CPI(M) and others. The party had a Member of Parliament (MP) in the 4th Lok Sabha from the Jaynagar (Lok Sabha constituency), . The SUCI(C) had presence in the legislative assemblies of Assam, Bihar and Orissa at various times. In the 2004 Lok Sabha elections SUCI(C) launched 56 candidates, 30 of them from West Bengal. In the 2009 Lok Sabha elections (2009) SUCI(C) declared 40 candidates from 12 states.
SUCI(C) members live in communes wherein they lead a simple life style. Day-to-day upkeep of the commune and the well being of the children of party members living in the communes are taken care by the shared efforts of party members. Major income of the party is from box collection in the streets and house to house collection; members who are employed hands in their salaries to the party. The party contests elections with the money collected through this transparent fund raising method, , .
SUCI(C) is actively involved in the ongoing anti-Special Economic Zone movements in India. The most notable of these movements that the party is active in are:
The party has formed a political front in West Bengal with All India Trinamool Congress to fight the Communist Party of India (Marxist) on an agreement that the alliance will maintain equidistance from the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party. 
The Gherao principle was introduced as a formal mode of protest in the trade union sector by late Subodh Banarjee, the then central committee member of SUCI(C) and the PWD and Labor Minister in the 1967 and 1969 United Front Governments in West Bengal, respectively, , .
One of the major campaigns of the party in West Bengal has been its agitations against the educational policy of the Left Front state government. The decision of the Left Front government to remove the English language from primary education sparked a mass movement led by the SUCI(C) for the reinsertion of English.
Below is a chronological list of campaigns organized by the SUCI(C) in the West Bengal:
After Ghosh's death in 1976 Nihar Mukherjee, a co-founder of SUCI(C), became the General Secretary. The central committee of the party consists of Nihar Mukherjee, Provash Ghosh, Manik Mukherjee, Krishna Chakraborty, Ranjit Dhar, Asit Bhattacharyya, Yakub Pailan, Debprasad Sarkar, Kalyan Chowdhury, C.K Lukose, K. Radhakrishna, Gopal Kundu, Soumen Bose, Satyawan and Sankar Saha. The politburo of the party consists of Nihar Mukherjee, Provash Ghosh, Manik Mukherjee, Krishna Chakraborty, Ranjit Dhar and Asit Bhattacharyya. The incumbent central committee and politburo was elected in the 2nd party congress.
Secretaries of the State Committees of the party are:
Secretaries of the State Organizing Committees are:
The MP of the party is:
The MLAs of the party are:
The former ministers of SUCI(C) in West Bengal:
The former MP of the party was:
The principal mass organizations of SUCI(C) are:
The state committees of the party publishes:
In 2005 Probodh Purkait, a SUCI(C) MLA who represented Kultali constituency for 30 years, was convicted for murder and sentenced to life term by the Calcutta High Court. SUCI(C) denounced the court ruling as a 'conspiracy of CPI(M)'. Supreme Court of India on 27 February, 2007 dismissed the appeal filed by Prabodh Purkait against the judgment passed by the Division Bench of the Calcutta High Court. In April 2008, an SUCI(C) leader Bidhan Chatterjee committed suicide citing the corruption in SUCI(C) as the reason for his suicide. In a letter sent before his death, he accused that the SUCI(C) leaders were "hobnobbing with real estate promoters and foreign-funded NGOs".
|Communism in India