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Society of Jesus
Abbreviation SJ, Jesuits
Formation 15 August 1534
Type Catholic religious order
Headquarters Church of the Gesu,
Rome, Italy
Superior General Adolfo Nicolás
Key people Ignatius of Loyola — founder
Website sjweb.info
Society of Jesus
.The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu, S.J. and S.I. or SJ, SI) is the largest male Catholic religious order whose members are called Jesuits.^ Home > Catholic Encyclopedia > S > The Society of the Sacred Heart of Jesus The Society of the Sacred Heart of Jesus .
  • CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Society of the Sacred Heart of Jesus 17 January 2010 2:16 UTC www.newadvent.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Superiors General of the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) Skip to Content .

^ The Society of Jesus was outlawed, and its members were constrained to work underground.

.Jesuit priests and brothers—known colloquially as "God's marines"[1]—are engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations on six continents reflecting the Formula of the Institute (principle) of the Society.^ But Jesuits do not constitute a ‘society of priests’.
  • Priesthood in the Society of Jesus [Thinking Faith - the online journal of the British Jesuits] 17 January 2010 2:16 UTC www.thinkingfaith.org [Source type: Original source]

^ I have known Anthony since he was a novice, and we have worked together in at least three apostolic settings—Nativity Mission Center, Xavier High School, and this past summer with the Six Weeks a Jesuit program.

^ Jesuit priests and brothers are engaged in ministries in 112 nations on six continents.They are best known in the fields of education (schools, colleges, universities, seminaries, theological faculties), intellectual research, and cultural pursuits.
  • The Jesuits (society Of Jesus) Since 1534 Responsible For: - Conspiracy Cafe Home 2 February 2010 8:15 UTC www.conspiracycafe.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They are known in the fields of education (schools, colleges, universities, seminaries, theological faculties), intellectual research, and cultural pursuits in addition to missionary work, giving retreats, hospital and parish ministry, promoting social justice and ecumenical dialogue.^ They come from high school and college.

^ They are also known in missionary work, social justice and human rights activities, interreligious dialogue, and other 'frontier' ministry.
  • The Jesuits (society Of Jesus) Since 1534 Responsible For: - Conspiracy Cafe Home 2 February 2010 8:15 UTC www.conspiracycafe.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Jesuit priests and brothers are engaged in ministries in 112 nations on six continents.They are best known in the fields of education (schools, colleges, universities, seminaries, theological faculties), intellectual research, and cultural pursuits.
  • The Jesuits (society Of Jesus) Since 1534 Responsible For: - Conspiracy Cafe Home 2 February 2010 8:15 UTC www.conspiracycafe.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Society was founded by St. Ignatius of Loyola, who after being wounded in a battle, experienced a religious conversion and composed the Spiritual Exercises to closely follow Christ. .In 1534, Ignatius gathered six young men to vow poverty, chastity, and then obedience to the pope.^ Any such list presupposes, of course, the common elements of all religious orders in the Catholic Church, including the faithful observance of the usual vows of religion: poverty, chastity and obedience.
  • America Magazine - What Distinguishes the Jesuits? 17 January 2010 2:16 UTC www.americamagazine.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A primary source of such discord was confusion over what was understood by the unique Jesuit fourth vow of loyalty in which members promise “special obedience” to the Pope “in regard to the missions”.
  • Society of Jesus seeks a new leader -Times Online 17 January 2010 2:16 UTC www.timesonline.co.uk [Source type: News]

^ In addition to this tradition for those leading the order, obedience to the Pope in missionary matters is the fourth vow that all Jesuits make alongside the traditional three vows of poverty, chastity and obedience.
  • American Papist: Not Your Average Catholic! 2 February 2010 8:15 UTC www.americanpapist.com [Source type: News]

.Rule 13 of Ignatius' Rules for Thinking with the Church said: "I will believe that the white that I see is black if the hierarchical Church so defines it"[2].^ "This doctrine of obedience, so far as it applies to the understanding and common sense of the individual, is summarily expressed in the rule, lately cited, which enjoins that, when the Church has pronounced black to be white, we are so to think and speak, notwithstanding the evidence of our senses to the contrary."
  • The Jesuits, Their Origin, Objectives, and Methods</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/on/3angels/jesuits.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="2"><a href="#citable__2"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But I do believe that this is what Jesuit educators have publicly stated, in Church and in society, to be our defining commitment.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>FAITH AND THE PROMOTION OF JUSTICE - Gonzaga University</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.gonzaga.edu/academics/Colleges-and-Schools/School-of-Professional-Studies/Ph.D.---Leadership-Studies/Current-Students/Commitment-to-Justice.asp">www.gonzaga.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="2"><a href="#citable__2"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>That is what is quoted in JFK , when Kevin Costner is telling his people: "Hey, people, weve got to start thinking like the CIA. Black is white and white is black."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__281" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="281">Ignatius' plan of the order's organization of 1539 was approved by Pope Paul III in 1540 by the <a href="/Papal_bull" title="Papal bull">bull</a> containing the <em>Formula</em>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="281"><a href="#citable__281"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Their constitution was approved by Pope Paul III (1540), and St. Ignatius was made (1541) general.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits - Research and Read Books, Journals, Articles at Questia Online Library</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.questia.com/library/religion/christianity/catholicism/jesuits.jsp?CRID=jesuits&OFFID=se1&KEY=jesuits_info">www.questia.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="281"><a href="#citable__281"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Designated by him "The Company of Jesus" to indicate its true leader and its soldier spirit, the title was Latinized into "Societas Jesu" in the Bull of Paul III approving its formation and the first formula of its Institute ("Regimini militantis ecclesia", 27 Sept., 1540).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Jesuits (The Society of Jesus)</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14081a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Society of Jesus - Catholic Encyclopedia - Catholic Online</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholic.org/encyclopedia/view.php?id=6334">www.catholic.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="281"><a href="#citable__281"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556) obtained papal approval in 1540 for a new international religious order called the Society of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Lamson Library</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://library.plymouth.edu/browse/?subj=jesuits">library.plymouth.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__329" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="329">The Society participated in the <a href="/Counter-Reformation" title="Counter-Reformation">Counter-Reformation</a> and later in modernizing the <a href="/Catholic_Church" title="Catholic Church">church</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="329"><a href="#citable__329"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Three hundred years later the Reformation made larger changes in the church.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Christian Theology of Church and Society</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://peace.fresno.edu/docs/speech.html">peace.fresno.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="329"><a href="#citable__329"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The activity of the Society in England was, however, but a small part of the work of Ignatius and his followers in the movement which came to be known as the Counter-Reformation.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>St. Ignatius of Loyola</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ewtn.com/library/MARY/IGNAITU2.HTM">www.ewtn.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="329"><a href="#citable__329"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The zeal and conviction of the Jesuits were so appropriate to the problem the Catholic Church was facing that something would have been 'missing' in the Counter Reformation had there been no Jesuit order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>EIPS - The Jesuits and their Strategy to destroy Britain</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?artkey=jesuits">www.ianpaisley.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__165" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="165">The Society of Jesus is <a href="/Consecrate" title="Consecrate" class="mw-redirect">consecrated</a> under the <a href="/Patron_saint" title="Patron saint">patronage</a> of <a href="/Madonna_Della_Strada" title="Madonna Della Strada">Madonna Della Strada</a>, a title of the <a href="/BVM(RC)" title="BVM(RC)" class="mw-redirect">Blessed Virgin Mary</a>, and it is led by a <a href="/Superior_General_of_the_Society_of_Jesus" title="Superior General of the Society of Jesus">Superior General</a>, currently <a href="/Adolfo_Nicol%C3%A1s" title="Adolfo Nicolás">Adolfo Nicolás</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="165"><a href="#citable__165"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Two years ago Father Peter-Hans Kolvenbach, S.J., General Superior of the Society since 1983, announced that he would retire in 2008 when he turned 80.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> The Future of the Jesuits | Catholic Exchange </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://catholicexchange.com/2007/12/28/91485/">catholicexchange.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="165"><a href="#citable__165"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>From the website for Jesuits in the United States : "After four days of prayer and personal conversation known as murmurationes, the 217 Jesuit electors gathered in Rome from around the world have chosen Adolfo Nicolás, SJ as the 30th Superior General of the Society of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>American Papist: Not Your Average Catholic!</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.americanpapist.com/labels/jesuits.html">www.americanpapist.com</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="165"><a href="#citable__165"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the span of his 65 years, Ignatius wrote the Spiritual Exercises , a thirty-day retreat of growing closer to Jesus Christ, founded the Society of Jesus, became the Jesuit order’s first Superior General and established schools and parishes.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-2"><span>[</span>3<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_3" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-3"><span>[</span>4<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__36" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="36">The headquarters of the Society, its <a href="/Curia" title="Curia">General Curia</a>, is in <a href="/Rome" title="Rome">Rome</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="36"><a href="#citable__36"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The same pontiff and, at his suggestion, the General of the Society of Jesus, Goswin Nickel, immediately invited Bolland to Rome, promising him a rich harvest of materials.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="36"><a href="#citable__36"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuit Headquarters is situated in Rome: Curia Society of Jesus, Borgo S. Spirito, 4 – 00193 ROMA, Italy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits in Calcutta</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.goethals.org/jescal.htm">www.goethals.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="36"><a href="#citable__36"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So, the Jesuit General resides in Rome at, what I just called, the Jesuit headquarters.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__105" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="105">The historic curia of St Ignatius is now part of the <em>Collegio del Gesù</em> attached to the <a href="/Church_of_the_Ges%C3%B9" title="Church of the Gesù" class="mw-redirect">Church of the Gesù</a>, the Jesuit <a href="/Mother_Church" title="Mother Church">Mother Church</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="105"><a href="#citable__105"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Society of Jesus — the Jesuits — was founded some 450 years ago by St. Ignatius of Loyola.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Local News | Abuse cases put focus on Jesuits | Seattle Times Newspaper</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2003306651_jesuit16m.html">seattletimes.nwsource.com</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="105"><a href="#citable__105"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Theres also a stamp issued as part of a series to commemorate Rizals life, depicting the Church of St. James in Dapitan, where Rizal once lived in exile.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits on stamps - INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://opinion.inquirer.net/inquireropinion/columns/view/20091202-239651/Jesuits-on-stamps">opinion.inquirer.net</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="105"><a href="#citable__105"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In Washington, in part because of several high-profile cases involving Jesuits who worked at Seattle University and Gonzaga University in Spokane, attention is now focused on the Jesuits, considered the single largest of the Catholic Church's religious orders.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Local News | Abuse cases put focus on Jesuits | Seattle Times Newspaper</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2003306651_jesuit16m.html">seattletimes.nwsource.com</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <table id="wikipedia_toc" class="toc"> <tr> <td> <div id="wikipedia_toctitle"> <h2>Contents</h2> </div> <ul> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-1"><a href="#Statistics"><span class="tocnumber">1</span> <span class="toctext">Statistics</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-2"><a href="#Formula_of_the_Institute_of_the_Society_of_Jesus"><span class="tocnumber">2</span> <span class="toctext">Formula of the Institute of the Society of Jesus</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-3"><a href="#History"><span class="tocnumber">3</span> <span class="toctext">History</span></a> <ul> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-4"><a href="#Foundation"><span class="tocnumber">3.1</span> <span class="toctext">Foundation</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-5"><a href="#Early_works"><span class="tocnumber">3.2</span> <span class="toctext">Early works</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-6"><a href="#Expansion"><span class="tocnumber">3.3</span> <span class="toctext">Expansion</span></a> <ul> <li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-7"><a href="#Jesuit_activity_in_China"><span class="tocnumber">3.3.1</span> <span class="toctext">Jesuit activity in China</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-8"><a href="#Suppression_and_restoration"><span class="tocnumber">3.4</span> <span class="toctext">Suppression and restoration</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-9"><a href="#In_the_recent_years"><span class="tocnumber">3.5</span> <span class="toctext">In the recent years</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-10"><a href="#Ignatian_spirituality"><span class="tocnumber">4</span> <span class="toctext">Ignatian spirituality</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-11"><a href="#Jesuit_Formation_.28training.29"><span class="tocnumber">5</span> <span class="toctext">Jesuit Formation (training)</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-12"><a href="#Government_of_the_Society"><span class="tocnumber">6</span> <span class="toctext">Government of the Society</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-13"><a href="#Habit_and_dress"><span class="tocnumber">7</span> <span class="toctext">Habit and dress</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-14"><a href="#Controversies"><span class="tocnumber">8</span> <span class="toctext">Controversies</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-15"><a href="#Jesuits_rescue_efforts_during_the_Holocaust"><span class="tocnumber">9</span> <span class="toctext">Jesuits rescue efforts during the Holocaust</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-16"><a href="#Famous_Jesuits"><span class="tocnumber">10</span> <span class="toctext">Famous Jesuits</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-17"><a href="#Jesuit_Educational_institutions"><span class="tocnumber">11</span> <span class="toctext">Jesuit Educational institutions</span></a> <ul> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-18"><a href="#Europe"><span class="tocnumber">11.1</span> <span class="toctext">Europe</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-19"><a href="#North_America"><span class="tocnumber">11.2</span> <span class="toctext">North America</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-20"><a href="#South_America"><span class="tocnumber">11.3</span> <span class="toctext">South America</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-21"><a href="#Asia"><span class="tocnumber">11.4</span> <span class="toctext">Asia</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-22"><a href="#Australia"><span class="tocnumber">11.5</span> <span class="toctext">Australia</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-23"><a href="#Africa"><span class="tocnumber">11.6</span> <span class="toctext">Africa</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-24"><a href="#Publications"><span class="tocnumber">12</span> <span class="toctext">Publications</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-25"><a href="#Jesuit_buildings"><span class="tocnumber">13</span> <span class="toctext">Jesuit buildings</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-26"><a href="#Popular_culture"><span class="tocnumber">14</span> <span class="toctext">Popular culture</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-27"><a href="#See_also"><span class="tocnumber">15</span> <span class="toctext">See also</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-28"><a href="#Notes_and_references"><span class="tocnumber">16</span> <span class="toctext">Notes and references</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-1 tocsection-29"><a href="#External_links"><span class="tocnumber">17</span> <span class="toctext">External links</span></a> <ul> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-30"><a href="#Catholic_Church_documents"><span class="tocnumber">17.1</span> <span class="toctext">Catholic Church documents</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-31"><a href="#Jesuit_documents"><span class="tocnumber">17.2</span> <span class="toctext">Jesuit documents</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-32"><a href="#Jesuit_websites_in_various_regions"><span class="tocnumber">17.3</span> <span class="toctext">Jesuit websites in various regions</span></a> <ul> <li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-33"><a href="#Africa_2"><span class="tocnumber">17.3.1</span> <span class="toctext">Africa</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-34"><a href="#Asia-Oceania"><span class="tocnumber">17.3.2</span> <span class="toctext">Asia-Oceania</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-35"><a href="#Europe_2"><span class="tocnumber">17.3.3</span> <span class="toctext">Europe</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-36"><a href="#North_America_2"><span class="tocnumber">17.3.4</span> <span class="toctext">North America</span></a></li> <li class="toclevel-3 tocsection-37"><a href="#South_America_2"><span class="tocnumber">17.3.5</span> <span class="toctext">South America</span></a></li> </ul> </li> <li class="toclevel-2 tocsection-38"><a href="#Media"><span class="tocnumber">17.4</span> <span class="toctext">Media</span></a></li> </ul> </li> </ul> </td> </tr> </table> <script type="text/javascript"> //<![CDATA[ if (window.showTocToggle) { var tocShowText = "show"; var tocHideText = "hide"; showTocToggle(); } //]]> </script> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Statistics">Statistics</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__94" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="94">The Jesuits today form the largest <a href="/Religious_order" title="Religious order">religious order</a> of priests and brothers in the Catholic Church surpassed only by the Franciscan family of first orders <a href="/Franciscan" title="Franciscan">OFMs</a>, <a href="/Order_of_Friars_Minor_Capuchin" title="Order of Friars Minor Capuchin">Capuchins</a>, and <a href="/Conventual_Franciscans" title="Conventual Franciscans">Conventuals</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="94"><a href="#citable__94"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Unlike the Jesuits, we dont have only priests or religious brothers teaching.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="94"><a href="#citable__94"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>What is meant by the expression “the first teaching order within the Catholic church”?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MHP Intranet</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.montanaheritageproject.org/index.php/mhp/jesuits-order/">www.montanaheritageproject.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="94"><a href="#citable__94"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first Jesuits were priests before they were religious.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Priesthood in the Society of Jesus [Thinking Faith - the online journal of the British Jesuits]</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.thinkingfaith.org/articles/20090722_1.htm">www.thinkingfaith.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__157" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="157">As of 1 January 2007, Jesuits numbered 19,216<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_stats2_4_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-stats2-4"><span>[</span>5<span>]</span></a></sup>: 13,491 <a href="/Clerks_regular" title="Clerks regular" class="mw-redirect">clerks regular</a> (<a href="/Priest" title="Priest">priests</a>), 3,049 scholastics (students to become <a href="/Priesthood_(Catholic_Church)" title="Priesthood (Catholic Church)">priests</a>), 1,810 <a href="/Brother_(Catholic)" title="Brother (Catholic)">brothers</a> (not priests) and 866 <a href="/Novice" title="Novice">novices</a>, serving in 112 nations on six continents with the largest number in India and USA. Their average age was 57.34 years; 63.40 years for the priests, 29.89 years for the scholastics and 65.54 years for the brothers.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="157"><a href="#citable__157"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Also from Hejnice six members (scholastics, one novice and brothers) left in the same year.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="157"><a href="#citable__157"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The ratio of priests/scholastics in India is 1.60.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits in Calcutta</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.goethals.org/jescal.htm">www.goethals.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits in Calcutta</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.goethals.org/jesuits.htm">www.goethals.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="157"><a href="#citable__157"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Of the 3,851 Jesuits in India, 2,174 are priests, 1,363 scholastics in training and 314 brothers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits in Calcutta</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.goethals.org/jescal.htm">www.goethals.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits in Calcutta</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.goethals.org/jesuits.htm">www.goethals.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__278" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="278">With regard to its administration, the Society is currently divided into 91 Provinces with 12 dependent Regions: three in Africa, four in the Americas and five in Asia and Oceania.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="278"><a href="#citable__278"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Hellenistic culture that had come to dominate the eastern Mediterranean region during the previous three hundred years had also profoundly affected Jewish society, and foreign myths, cults, and philosophies were current in the land.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>In Search of the Historical Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newdawnmagazine.com/Article/In_Search_of_the_Historical_Jesus.html">www.newdawnmagazine.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="278"><a href="#citable__278"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Spiritual Exercises are divided roughly into four "weeks," each with a distinct focus, charism and grace.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuit Vocation</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://jesuitvocation.blogspot.com/">jesuitvocation.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="278"><a href="#citable__278"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The records show that the Society of Jesus directly and indirectly brought into the colony during the first five years of its existence some sixty persons.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Dennis, Lord Baltimore's Struggle with the Jesuits, 1634-1649</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.dinsdoc.com/dennis-1.htm">www.dinsdoc.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__200" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="200">All together, they constitute 10 administrative units (Assistances).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="200"><a href="#citable__200"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The military vicar is in command of all of the military orders within the United States, they being the Knights of Malta and the Knights of Columbus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="200"><a href="#citable__200"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no not one.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="200"><a href="#citable__200"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>All having been ordained, they retired together to a cottage near Vicenza to prepare themselves by fasting and prayer for taking up the ministry of the altar.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>St. Ignatius of Loyola</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ewtn.com/library/MARY/IGNAITU2.HTM">www.ewtn.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_stats_5_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-stats-5"><span>[</span>6<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <table class="wikitable sortable" border="1"> <caption>Jesuits in the World (1 January 2007) <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_stats2_4_1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-stats2-4"><span>[</span>5<span>]</span></a></sup></caption> <tr> <th>Region</th> <th>Jesuits</th> <th>Percentage</th> </tr> <tr> <td>South Asia Assistancy</td> <td style="text-align: center;">4,018</td> <td style="text-align: center;">20.9%</td> </tr> <tr> <td>United States of America</td> <td style="text-align: center;">2,952</td> <td style="text-align: center;">15.4%</td> </tr> <tr> <td>South Europe</td> <td style="text-align: center;">2,448</td> <td style="text-align: center;">12.7%</td> </tr> <tr> <td>West Europe</td> <td style="text-align: center;">1,958</td> <td style="text-align: center;">10.2%</td> </tr> <tr> <td>East Asia-Oceania</td> <td style="text-align: center;">1,672</td> <td style="text-align: center;">8.7%</td> </tr> <tr> <td>South Latin America</td> <td style="text-align: center;">1,513</td> <td style="text-align: center;">7.9%</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Africa</td> <td style="text-align: center;">1,430</td> <td style="text-align: center;">7.4%</td> </tr> <tr> <td>North Latin America</td> <td style="text-align: center;">1,374</td> <td style="text-align: center;">7.2%</td> </tr> <tr> <td>East Europe</td> <td style="text-align: center;">1,119</td> <td style="text-align: center;">5.8%</td> </tr> <tr> <td>Central Europe</td> <td style="text-align: center;">732</td> <td style="text-align: center;">3.8%</td> </tr> </table> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__413" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="413">The current <a href="/Superior_General_of_the_Society_of_Jesus" title="Superior General of the Society of Jesus">Superior General</a> of the Jesuits is the Spaniard <a href="/Adolfo_Nicol%C3%A1s" title="Adolfo Nicolás">Adolfo Nicolás</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="413"><a href="#citable__413"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These supreme deliberative bodies are composed of representatives from every Jesuit Province and periodically meet to elect the Superior General and to legislate.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="413"><a href="#citable__413"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Theres a Black man, whos a high Jesuit, hes a 29 Superior Jesuit with his cosmopolitan General staff.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="413"><a href="#citable__413"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Pope Joseph Ratzinger and 30th Jesuit General Adolfo Nicolás .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__135" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="135">The Society is characterized by its ministries in the fields of <a href="/Missionary" title="Missionary">missionary</a> work, <a href="/Human_rights" title="Human rights">human rights</a>, <a href="/Social_justice" title="Social justice">social justice</a> and, most notably, <a href="/Higher_education" title="Higher education">higher education</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="135"><a href="#citable__135"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The society is also noted for its foreign missionary work.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits - Research and Read Books, Journals, Articles at Questia Online Library</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.questia.com/library/religion/christianity/catholicism/jesuits.jsp?CRID=jesuits&OFFID=se1&KEY=jesuits_info">www.questia.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="135"><a href="#citable__135"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They are also known in missionary work, social justice and human rights activities, interreligious dialogue, and other 'frontier' ministry.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits (society Of Jesus) Since 1534 Responsible For: - Conspiracy Cafe Home</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.conspiracycafe.net/forum/index.php?/topic/22022-the-jesuits-society-of-jesus-since-1534-responsible-for/">www.conspiracycafe.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="135"><a href="#citable__135"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BX 2188 .J47 W58 Work and education; the role of technical culture in some distinctive theories of humanism, by John W. Donohue.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__243" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="243">It operates colleges and universities in various countries around the world and is particularly active in the <a href="/Philippines" title="Philippines">Philippines</a> and <a href="/India" title="India">India</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="243"><a href="#citable__243"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At the same time, however, Czech Jesuits also took part in the Societys world-wide missions in India, China, Latin America and the Philippines.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="243"><a href="#citable__243"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This country is the keystone to implementing the temporal power of the Pope around the world.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="243"><a href="#citable__243"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Congregation of all Major Superiors of the Society of Jesus around the world "to consider the state, the problems and the initiatives of the universal Society, as well as international and supra-provincial cooperation."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus - 2006 Jesuits Jubilee - Around the World</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blessedsacramenthollywood.org/jesuits/jubilee_2006.htm">www.blessedsacramenthollywood.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__131" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="131">In the United States alone, it maintains over 50 colleges, universities and high schools.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="131"><a href="#citable__131"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Its colleges, universities, and high schools spread throughout the world.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="131"><a href="#citable__131"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She was educated at East Los Angeles College, the University of Southern California and the USC school of law.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>In the Beginning God Created An Open Society</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.yuricareport.com/Dominionism/GodCreatedOpenSociety.html">www.yuricareport.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="131"><a href="#citable__131"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is also used at the Societys French seminary in Flavigny, the Brothers Novitiate in the Philippines, in United States Districts schools, and widely throughout Europe, especially in Italy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__400" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="400">A typical conception of the mission of a Jesuit school will often contain such concepts as proposing Christ as the model of human life, the pursuit of excellence in teaching and learning and life-long spiritual and intellectual growth.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="400"><a href="#citable__400"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the span of his 65 years, Ignatius wrote the Spiritual Exercises , a thirty-day retreat of growing closer to Jesus Christ, founded the Society of Jesus, became the Jesuit order’s first Superior General and established schools and parishes.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="400"><a href="#citable__400"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit priests and brothers are engaged in ministries in 112 nations on six continents.They are best known in the fields of education (schools, colleges, universities, seminaries, theological faculties), intellectual research, and cultural pursuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits (society Of Jesus) Since 1534 Responsible For: - Conspiracy Cafe Home</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.conspiracycafe.net/forum/index.php?/topic/22022-the-jesuits-society-of-jesus-since-1534-responsible-for/">www.conspiracycafe.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="400"><a href="#citable__400"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Prior to this, Jesuits had often passed through Guam, many times staying at the Capuchin Friary, as they had care of the Catholic missions in the Carolines and Marshall Islands.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits: Society of Jesus | Guampedia: The Encyclopedia of Guam</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://guampedia.com/jesuits-society-of-jesus/">guampedia.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_6" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-6"><span>[</span>7<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Formula_of_the_Institute_of_the_Society_of_Jesus">Formula of the Institute of the Society of Jesus</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__182" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="182">Ignatius lays out his original vision for the new order in the <em>Formula of the Institute of the Society of Jesus</em> (established principle), which is "the fundamental charter of the order, of which all subsequent documents were elaborations and to which they had to conform."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="182"><a href="#citable__182"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Society of Jesus is a religious order founded by Saint Ignatius Loyola .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Jesuits (The Society of Jesus)</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14081a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="182"><a href="#citable__182"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They tried out all their new technology in Vietnam.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="182"><a href="#citable__182"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And yet in all this they are but carrying out the fatal principles of the original institute.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.1902encyclopedia.com/J/JES/jesuits.html">www.1902encyclopedia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_7" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-7"><span>[</span>8<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__223" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="223">He ensured that his formula was contained in two papal bulls signed by Pope Paul III in 1540 and by Pope Julius III in 1550. The formula expressed the nature, spirituality, community life and apostolate of the new religious order.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="223"><a href="#citable__223"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These three foci of the Ignatian vision are compactly expressed in the bull of Pope Paul III in 1540, confirmed by a similar bull of Julius III in 1550.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>America Magazine - What Distinguishes the Jesuits?</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.americamagazine.org/content/article.cfm?article_id=5241">www.americamagazine.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="223"><a href="#citable__223"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jul 1550 Confirmation of the Order by Julius III 25.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Calendar of the Society of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.con-spiration.de/syre/content.html">www.con-spiration.de</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="223"><a href="#citable__223"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Exposcit debitum of Pope Julius III , July 21, 1550] .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>In Good Hands:Jesuit Superiors & the Renewal of Jesuit Life</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.wri.com/billw/amdg-not.html">members.wri.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__251" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="251">Its famous opening statement echoed Ignatius' military background: "Whoever desires to serve as a soldier of God beneath the banner of the Cross in our Society, which we desire to be designated by the Name of Jesus, and to serve the Lord alone and the Church, his spouse, under the Roman Pontiff, the Vicar of Christ on earth, should, after a solemn vow of perpetual chastity, poverty and obedience, keep what follows in mind.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="251"><a href="#citable__251"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We are commanded "to fear the great and dreadful name of the Lord our God."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>THE JESUITS</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.reformed.org/misc/the_jesuits.html">www.reformed.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="251"><a href="#citable__251"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Our Lord Jesus is said to be the Mediator between God and man.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Approachableness of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.spurgeon.org/lk15_1.htm">www.spurgeon.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="251"><a href="#citable__251"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>My name was never Jesus Christ.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.znet.com/mt/jesus.htm">home.znet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__206" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="206">He is a member of a Society founded chiefly for this purpose: to strive especially for the defence and propagation of the faith and for the progress of souls in Christian life and doctrine, by means of public preaching, lectures and any other ministration whatsoever of the Word of God, and further by means of retreats, the education of children and unlettered persons in Christianity, and the spiritual consolation of Christ's faithful through hearing confessions and administering the other sacraments.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="206"><a href="#citable__206"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We Christians respect the life of others.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Toward A Jesus Society </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://rmbowman.com/ssn/JesusSociety.htm">rmbowman.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="206"><a href="#citable__206"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>[Glenn Bunting, "Lawsuit Ends Silence on Abuse at Jesuit Retreat," Los Angeles Times , March 24, 2002] [The Jesuit] is a member of a Society founded chiefly for this purpose: to strive especially for the defense and propagation of the faith and for the progress of souls in Christian life and doctrine.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>In Good Hands:Jesuit Superiors & the Renewal of Jesuit Life</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.wri.com/billw/amdg-not.html">members.wri.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="206"><a href="#citable__206"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To conclude, God sends His Word with a purpose.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The African Christian Mission Society</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://acmsdave.org/">acmsdave.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Moreover, he should show himself ready to reconcile the estranged, compassionately assist and serve those who are in prisons or hospitals, and indeed, to perform any other works of charity, according to what will seem expedient for the glory of God and the common good".<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_formula_8_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-formula-8"><span>[</span>9<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_History">History</span></h2> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Foundation">Foundation</span></h3> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:224px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/1/2/3/66214892831575568.jpg" width="222" height="267" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/Ignatius_Loyola" title="Ignatius Loyola" class="mw-redirect">Ignatius Loyola</a></div> </div> </div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:224px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/08/3/9/3/07360762817690589.jpg" width="222" height="296" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Church of Saint Pierre de Montmartre <a href="/Paris" title="Paris">Paris</a>.</div> </div> </div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:224px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/01/2/6/8/8826921453570218.jpg" width="222" height="167" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Fresco of <em>Approving of bylaw of Society of Jesus</em> depicting <a href="/Ignatius_of_Loyola" title="Ignatius of Loyola">Ignatius of Loyola</a> receiving papal bull <em><a href="/Regimini_militantis_Ecclesiae" title="Regimini militantis Ecclesiae">Regimini militantis Ecclesiae</a></em> from Pope Paul 3. The fresco was created by <a href="/Johann_Christoph_Handke" title="Johann Christoph Handke">Johann Christoph Handke</a> in the Church of Our Lady Of the Snow in <a href="/Olomouc" title="Olomouc">Olomouc</a> after 1743.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__348" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="348">On August 15, 1534, <a href="/Ignatius_of_Loyola" title="Ignatius of Loyola">Ignatius of Loyola</a> (born Íñigo López de Loyola), a <a href="/Spaniard" title="Spaniard" class="mw-redirect">Spaniard</a> of <a href="/Basque_people" title="Basque people">Basque</a> origin, and six other students at the <a href="/University_of_Paris" title="University of Paris">University of Paris</a> – <a href="/Francis_Xavier" title="Francis Xavier">Francisco Xavier</a> from <a href="/Kingdom_of_Navarre" title="Kingdom of Navarre">Navarre</a> (<a href="/Spain" title="Spain">modern Spain</a>), <a href="/Alfonso_Salmeron" title="Alfonso Salmeron">Alfonso Salmeron</a>, <a href="/Diego_Laynez" title="Diego Laynez">Diego Laínez</a>, <a href="/Nicholas_Bobadilla" title="Nicholas Bobadilla">Nicolás Bobadilla</a> from Spain, <a href="/Peter_Faber" title="Peter Faber">Peter Faber</a> from <a href="/Savoy" title="Savoy">Savoy</a>, and <a href="/Sim%C3%A3o_Rodrigues" title="Simão Rodrigues">Simão Rodrigues</a> from <a href="/Portugal" title="Portugal">Portugal</a> – met in <a href="/Montmartre" title="Montmartre">Montmartre</a> outside <a href="/Paris" title="Paris">Paris</a>, in a crypt beneath the church of <a href="/Saint_Denis" title="Saint Denis" class="mw-redirect">Saint Denis</a>, now <a href="/Saint_Pierre_de_Montmartre" title="Saint Pierre de Montmartre">Saint Pierre de Montmartre</a><sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_9" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-9"><span>[</span>10<span>]</span></a></sup>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="348"><a href="#citable__348"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Published by the Province of Spain: proespa@jesuitas.es - Posters for the Triple Jubilee: Saint Xavier's College offers now three posters: "Magis", "The Enlightened" and "Contemplation to Attain Love".</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus - 2006 Jesuits Jubilee - Around the World</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blessedsacramenthollywood.org/jesuits/jubilee_2006.htm">www.blessedsacramenthollywood.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="348"><a href="#citable__348"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On August 15, 1534 (the anniversary of the assumption [ascension to heaven] of the Virgin Mary), in the St. Mary's Church at Montmartre, they unitedly took upon themselves the most solemn vows...to go without questioning wherever the pope might send them."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits, Their Origin, Objectives, and Methods</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.angelfire.com/on/3angels/jesuits.html">www.angelfire.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="348"><a href="#citable__348"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was in July 1534 that he opened his plans to them for starting a missionary society to work in the Holy Land, and the actual vows, binding the new companions to one another and to the sort of life they contemplated, or to direct service of the pope, should that prove impracticable, were taken in the crypt of Notre Dame de Montmartre on August 15, 1534, by Ignatius Loyola himself; Peter Faber or Le Fèvre, a Savoyard; Francis Xavier , Diego Laynez, Alfonso Salmeron, Nicolas Alfonso de Bobadilla, Spaniards ; and Simon Rodriguez, a Portuguese.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.1902encyclopedia.com/J/JES/jesuits.html">www.1902encyclopedia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">This group bound themselves by a vow of poverty and chastity, to "enter upon hospital and <a href="/Missionary" title="Missionary">missionary</a> work in <a href="/Jerusalem" title="Jerusalem">Jerusalem</a>, or to go without questioning wherever the pope might direct".</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">They called themselves the Company of <a href="/Jesus" title="Jesus">Jesus</a>, and also <em>Amigos En El Señor</em> or "Friends in the Lord," because they felt "they were placed together by Christ." The name had echoes of the military (as in an infantry "<a href="/Company_(military_unit)" title="Company (military unit)">company</a>"), as well as of discipleship (the "companions" of Jesus). <a name="citable__125" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="125">The word "company" comes ultimately from Latin, <em>cum</em> + <em>pane</em> = "with bread," or a group that shares meals.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="125"><a href="#citable__125"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Companion is derived from the Latin cum [with] and panis [bread]; thus, " Companions of Jesus " "with whom they break bread".</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__54" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="54">In 1537, they traveled to <a href="/Italy" title="Italy">Italy</a> to seek papal approval for their <a href="/Order_(religious)" title="Order (religious)" class="mw-redirect">order</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="54"><a href="#citable__54"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Even as the Order was receiving papal approval in 1540, St. Francis Xavier was on his way to India, thence to Japan, and almost to China before he died in 1552.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MHP Intranet</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.montanaheritageproject.org/index.php/mhp/jesuits-order/">www.montanaheritageproject.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="54"><a href="#citable__54"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In order to obtain papal indulgence of this conduct they induced Catherine to send the ex-Jesuit Bishop Benislawski to Rome.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="54"><a href="#citable__54"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We hope you have been blessed by this ministry, which seeks to educate and warn people, so that they can see the coming New World Order -- Kingdom of Antichrist -- in their daily news.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN ANCIENT SECRET SOCIETY KILLED JESUS CHRIST </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://cuttingedge.org/news/n2032.cfm">cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>POPE PIUS IX SOLVED HETEROSEXUAL DEVIANCY OF PRIESTS IN 1866 BY ESTABLISHING A SECRET SOCIETY OF BLESSED CREATURES WOMEN WHO HAD BEEN CONVINCED THAT HAVING SEX WITH PRIESTS AND BISHOPS WAS HOLY PURE BIBLICAL</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cuttingedge.org/news/n1763.cfm">www.cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__292" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="292"><a href="/Pope_Paul_III" title="Pope Paul III">Pope Paul III</a> gave them a commendation, and permitted them to be ordained <a href="/Priest" title="Priest">priests</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="292"><a href="#citable__292"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He obtained a decree from the Pope Paul III, then reigning, that the Jews should not be allowed the services of a physician, no matter how serious might be their danger, unless they first accepted the ministrations of a priest .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Diabolical History of The Society of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/vatican/esp_vatican21.htm">www.bibliotecapleyades.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="292"><a href="#citable__292"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These three foci of the Ignatian vision are compactly expressed in the bull of Pope Paul III in 1540, confirmed by a similar bull of Julius III in 1550.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>America Magazine - What Distinguishes the Jesuits?</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.americamagazine.org/content/article.cfm?article_id=5241">www.americamagazine.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="292"><a href="#citable__292"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuitism was born in Spain, 1534 (for the express purpose of exterminating the reformation); reared in France; developed in Papal Rome; sanctioned by Pope Paul III, 1540.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__180" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="180">These initial steps led to the founding of what would be called the Society of Jesus later in 1540. The term <em>societas</em> in Latin is derived from <em>socius</em>, a partner or comrade.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="180"><a href="#citable__180"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556) obtained papal approval in 1540 for a new international religious order called the Society of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Lamson Library</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://library.plymouth.edu/browse/?subj=jesuits">library.plymouth.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="180"><a href="#citable__180"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We remember especially some aspects of the original spirituality that moved these three companions of Jesus and that continue to challenge the apostolic body of the Society today."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus - 2006 Jesuits Jubilee - Around the World</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blessedsacramenthollywood.org/jesuits/jubilee_2006.htm">www.blessedsacramenthollywood.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="180"><a href="#citable__180"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Beginning with his long convalescence at Loyola after being wounded at Pamplona in 1521, he was led by God through a series of stages culminating in the foundation and organization of the Society of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>America Magazine - What Distinguishes the Jesuits?</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.americamagazine.org/content/article.cfm?article_id=5241">www.americamagazine.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__331" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="331">They were ordained at <a href="/Venice" title="Venice">Venice</a> by the <a href="/Bishop_of_Arbe" title="Bishop of Arbe" class="mw-redirect">bishop of Arbe</a> (June 24).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="331"><a href="#citable__331"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Returning to Venice, they were ordained on St John Baptist’s Day, 1537, along with Loyola himself, by Vincenzio (or Antonio) Nigu-santi, bishop of Arba.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.1902encyclopedia.com/J/JES/jesuits.html">www.1902encyclopedia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="331"><a href="#citable__331"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In June 1949 the bishops addressed a pastoral letter to worshippers in which they completely openly judged the attitude of the State to the Church.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="331"><a href="#citable__331"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They defend their inclusion of gays and lesbians, both as church members and as ordained leaders, even bishops, by pointing to the inclusiveness of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__372" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="372">They devoted themselves to preaching and charitable work in Italy, as the renewed <a href="/Italian_War_of_1535-1538" title="Italian War of 1535-1538" class="mw-redirect">Italian War of 1535-1538</a> between <a href="/Charles_V,_Holy_Roman_Emperor" title="Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor">Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor</a>, Venice, the pope and the <a href="/Ottoman_Empire" title="Ottoman Empire">Ottoman Empire</a> rendered any journey to Jerusalem impossible.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="372"><a href="#citable__372"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Holy Roman Empire was breaking up.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="372"><a href="#citable__372"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Since war between Venice and the Ottoman Empire kept them from Palestine, they began preaching, teaching catechism, and doing various charitable works in the cities of northern Italy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="372"><a href="#citable__372"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1551 Francis Borgia,[7] a minister of Emperor Charles V, joined the Society and donated a large sum to start the building of the Roman College of the Jesuits; later Pope Gregory XIII contributed to it lavishly.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>St. Ignatius of Loyola</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ewtn.com/library/MARY/IGNAITU2.HTM">www.ewtn.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__12" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="12">They presented the project to the Pope.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="12"><a href="#citable__12"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Loyola and his comrades, therefore, presented themselves before the Pope, and prayed him to sanction their project for a new order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__112" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="112">After months of dispute, a congregation of <a href="/Cardinal_(Catholicism)" title="Cardinal (Catholicism)">cardinals</a> reported favorably upon the Constitution presented, and Paul III confirmed the order through the <a href="/Papal_bull" title="Papal bull">bull</a> <em><a href="/Regimini_militantis_ecclesiae" title="Regimini militantis ecclesiae" class="mw-redirect">Regimini militantis ecclesiae</a></em> ("To the Government of the Church Militant"), on September 27, 1540, but limited the number of its members to sixty.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="112"><a href="#citable__112"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Constitution protects churches from interference by government.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Toward A Jesus Society </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://rmbowman.com/ssn/JesusSociety.htm">rmbowman.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="112"><a href="#citable__112"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And on September 27, 1540, the bull Regimini militantis ecclesiaw was published, confirming the new order, but limiting its members to sixty, a restriction which was removed by a later bull in March 1543.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.1902encyclopedia.com/J/JES/jesuits.html">www.1902encyclopedia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="112"><a href="#citable__112"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was a member of a despised group that had managed to preserve its religious traditions through a number of exiles and conquests.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Hermetic Fellowship : Hermetic Society Lecture : Faces of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.hermeticfellowship.org/FacesOfJesus.html">www.hermeticfellowship.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__217" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="217">This is the founding document of the Jesuits as an official Catholic religious order.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="217"><a href="#citable__217"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Labels: catholic controversy , church rumors , jesuits , religious orders .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>American Papist: Not Your Average Catholic!</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.americanpapist.com/labels/jesuits.html">www.americanpapist.com</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="217"><a href="#citable__217"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuits are a military organization, not a religious order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="217"><a href="#citable__217"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On August 15, 1534, Ignatius Loyola (in the title picture) founded a secretive Catholic order called the Society of Jesus, also known as the Jesuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Left Behind by the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lmn.org/magazine/170/Jesuits.html">www.lmn.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__149" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="149">This limitation was removed through the bull <em>Injunctum nobis</em> (March 14, 1543).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="149"><a href="#citable__149"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Obstacles being cleared away, Paul III., on the 27th of September 1540, issued his bull Regimini militantis ecclesiae, by which he confirmed the new Society (the term "order" does not belong to it), but limited the members to sixty, a restriction which was removed by the same pope in the bull Injunctum nobis of the 14th of March 1543.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits - LoveToKnow 1911</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Jesuits">www.1911encyclopedia.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="149"><a href="#citable__149"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And on September 27, 1540, the bull Regimini militantis ecclesiaw was published, confirming the new order, but limiting its members to sixty, a restriction which was removed by a later bull in March 1543.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.1902encyclopedia.com/J/JES/jesuits.html">www.1902encyclopedia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__369" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="369">Ignatius was chosen as the first superior-general.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="369"><a href="#citable__369"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ignatius became (1541) its first general.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="369"><a href="#citable__369"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the span of his 65 years, Ignatius wrote the Spiritual Exercises , a thirty-day retreat of growing closer to Jesus Christ, founded the Society of Jesus, became the Jesuit order’s first Superior General and established schools and parishes.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="369"><a href="#citable__369"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Loyola was elected the first superior general in 1540 and spent his remaining years directing the new order and writing its Constitutions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__100" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="100">He sent his companions as missionaries around Europe to create schools, colleges, and seminaries.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="100"><a href="#citable__100"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is also used at the Societys French seminary in Flavigny, the Brothers Novitiate in the Philippines, in United States Districts schools, and widely throughout Europe, especially in Italy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="100"><a href="#citable__100"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was transferred temporarily to St Ignatius College in Chishawasha, where he taught in the school and seminary.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="100"><a href="#citable__100"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"In this picture (of Chinese youths) you see the three seminarians who were recently sent from our school in Chuchow to the seminary at Ningpo.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scarboro Missions — A Society of Canadian catholics, priests, and laity dedicated to the mission of Jesus Christ</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scarboromissions.ca/Scarboro_missions_magazine/history.php">www.scarboromissions.ca</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Hopfl_10_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Hopfl-10"><span>[</span>11<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__97" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="97">In fulfilling the mission of the <a href="/Society_of_Jesus" title="Society of Jesus"><em>Formula of the Institute of the Society</em></a>, the first Jesuits concentrated on a few key activities.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="97"><a href="#citable__97"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>From the first, the Jesuits concentrated on foreign missions, education, and scholarship.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="97"><a href="#citable__97"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit congregations of the Blessed Virgin were first instituted at Rome by a Belgian Jesuit , John Leunis, in 1563.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="97"><a href="#citable__97"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1943 the Society began mission work in the Dominican Republic, the first of many new fields of service to come in Latin America, the West Indies and Asia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scarboro Missions — A Society of Canadian catholics, priests, and laity dedicated to the mission of Jesus Christ</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scarboromissions.ca/Scarboro_missions_magazine/history.php">www.scarboromissions.ca</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__111" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="111">First, they founded schools throughout Europe.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="111"><a href="#citable__111"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is also used at the Societys French seminary in Flavigny, the Brothers Novitiate in the Philippines, in United States Districts schools, and widely throughout Europe, especially in Italy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="111"><a href="#citable__111"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First, they were convinced that formal schooling was a good thing for society at large.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MHP Intranet</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.montanaheritageproject.org/index.php/mhp/jesuits-order/">www.montanaheritageproject.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="111"><a href="#citable__111"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The understanding of the first Muslims of their authority, conquests and legitimacy was founded on the fact that they formed the umma (the nation) of the Prophet.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__205" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="205">Jesuit teachers were rigorously trained in both classical studies and theology, and their schools reflected this.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="205"><a href="#citable__205"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He started schools for them but also admitted non-Jesuit students at a time when theology rarely got beyond the seminaries.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="205"><a href="#citable__205"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He studied Philosophy at Heythrop College in Oxfordshire (1952-55) and Roehampton, and trained as a teacher in the mid-50s.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="205"><a href="#citable__205"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Scholastics pass through an extended course of study, commencing with the classics, proceeding through mathematics, ethics, philosophy, logic, physics, metaphysics, and ending with scholastic theology.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__22" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="22">Second, they sent out missionaries across the globe to evangelize those peoples who had not yet heard the <a href="/Gospel" title="Gospel">Gospel</a>, founding missions in widely diverse regions, such as modern-day Paraguay, Japan, Ontario, and Ethiopia.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="22"><a href="#citable__22"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Those people threw me out of that office.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="22"><a href="#citable__22"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Modern missions were founded on the British Empire.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="22"><a href="#citable__22"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The missionaries were well received by the people, but their initial efforts were directed towards the captive Hurons who were already Christian or had been catechized in the past.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits - Biographical Notes</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.leveillee.net/ancestry/jesuitsbio.htm">www.leveillee.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__8" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="8">Finally, they aimed to stop <a href="/Protestantism" title="Protestantism">Protestantism</a> from spreading and to preserve communion with Rome and the successor of Peter.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="8"><a href="#citable__8"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They sought, by every means known to human ingenuity, to establish and confirm the tottering fabric of Rome, and to undermine the rising fabric of Protestantism.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The zeal of the Jesuits overcame the drift toward <a href="/Protestantism" title="Protestantism">Protestantism</a> in <a href="/Poland" title="Poland">Poland</a>-<a href="/Lithuania" title="Lithuania">Lithuania</a> and southern <a href="/Germany" title="Germany">Germany</a>.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__414" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="414">Ignatius wrote the Jesuit <em>Constitutions</em>, adopted in 1554, which created a tightly centralized organization and stressed total abnegation and obedience to the Pope and their religious superiors (<em>perinde ac cadaver</em>, "[well-disciplined] like a corpse" as Ignatius put it).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="414"><a href="#citable__414"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the span of his 65 years, Ignatius wrote the Spiritual Exercises , a thirty-day retreat of growing closer to Jesus Christ, founded the Society of Jesus, became the Jesuit order’s first Superior General and established schools and parishes.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="414"><a href="#citable__414"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Brit., 1911, XV, 342); perinde ac cadaver , "like a corpse", again, "similar to an old man's staff" — therefore dead and listless, similar to mere machines, incapable of individual distinction (Bohmer-Monod, op.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Jesuit Apologetic</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14103a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="414"><a href="#citable__414"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In addition to this tradition for those leading the order, obedience to the Pope in missionary matters is the fourth vow that all Jesuits make alongside the traditional three vows of poverty, chastity and obedience.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>American Papist: Not Your Average Catholic!</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.americanpapist.com/labels/jesuits.html">www.americanpapist.com</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Painter_11_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Painter-11"><span>[</span>12<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__129" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="129">His main principle became the unofficial Jesuit motto: <em><a href="/Ad_Maiorem_Dei_Gloriam" title="Ad Maiorem Dei Gloriam" class="mw-redirect">Ad Maiorem Dei Gloriam</a></em> ("For the greater glory of God").</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="129"><a href="#citable__129"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The end for which the Jesuit order exists is the greater glory of God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>America Magazine - What Distinguishes the Jesuits?</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.americamagazine.org/content/article.cfm?article_id=5241">www.americamagazine.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="129"><a href="#citable__129"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For the greater glory of God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>FAITH AND THE PROMOTION OF JUSTICE - Gonzaga University</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.gonzaga.edu/academics/Colleges-and-Schools/School-of-Professional-Studies/Ph.D.---Leadership-Studies/Current-Students/Commitment-to-Justice.asp">www.gonzaga.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="129"><a href="#citable__129"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ignatius may be said to have been a God-intoxicated man in the sense that he made “the greater glory of God” the supreme norm of every action, great or small.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>America Magazine - What Distinguishes the Jesuits?</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.americamagazine.org/content/article.cfm?article_id=5241">www.americamagazine.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__123" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="123">This phrase is designed to reflect the idea that any work that is not evil can be meritorious for the spiritual life if it is performed with this intention, even things considered normally indifferent.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="123"><a href="#citable__123"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So, and I make sure to emphasize this point, for the analogy to hold, both faith and works are necessary to have life - spiritual life.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="123"><a href="#citable__123"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Even in the spiritual labours which the Society shares with the other orders, its own ways of dealing with persons and things result from the system of training which succeeds in forming men to a type that is considered desirable.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits - LoveToKnow 1911</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Jesuits">www.1911encyclopedia.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="123"><a href="#citable__123"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But it does not mean that the ego is some bad thing, even though some call it evil.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://home.znet.com/mt/jesus.htm">home.znet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Hopfl_10_1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Hopfl-10"><span>[</span>11<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__402" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="402">The Society of Jesus is classified among institutes as a <a href="/Mendicant" title="Mendicant">mendicant</a> order of <a href="/Clerks_regular" title="Clerks regular" class="mw-redirect">clerks regular</a>, that is, a body of priests organized for <a href="/Apostolic" title="Apostolic">apostolic</a> work, following a <a href="/Religious_order" title="Religious order">religious</a> <a href="/Governance" title="Governance">rule</a>, and relying on <a href="/Alms" title="Alms">alms</a>, or donations, for support.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="402"><a href="#citable__402"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Society ranks among religious institutes as a mendicant order of clerks regular, that is, a body of priests organized for apostolic work, following a religious rule, and relying on alms for their support [Bulls of Pius V, "Dum indefessae", 7 July, 1571; Gregory XIII, "Ascendente Domino", 25 May, 1585].</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="402"><a href="#citable__402"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuits are classified as mendicant clerks regular.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="402"><a href="#citable__402"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Society of Jesus is a religious order founded by Saint Ignatius Loyola.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__172" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="172">The term "Jesuit" (of fifteenth-century origin, meaning <em>one who used too frequently or appropriated the name of <a href="/Jesus" title="Jesus">Jesus</a></em>), was first applied to the Society in reproach (1544–52).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="172"><a href="#citable__172"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The term "Jesuit" (of fifteenth-century origin, meaning one who used too frequently or appropriated the name of Jesus), was first applied to the society in reproach (1544-52), and was never employed by its founder, though members and friends of the society in time accepted the name in its good sense.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="172"><a href="#citable__172"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first four sections treat the period prior to the Suppression, while section five examines the Suppression and some of the challenges and opportunities of the restored Society of Jesus up to the present.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Lamson Library</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://library.plymouth.edu/browse/?subj=jesuits">library.plymouth.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="172"><a href="#citable__172"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We remember especially some aspects of the original spirituality that moved these three companions of Jesus and that continue to challenge the apostolic body of the Society today."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus - 2006 Jesuits Jubilee - Around the World</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blessedsacramenthollywood.org/jesuits/jubilee_2006.htm">www.blessedsacramenthollywood.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__315" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="315">It was never used by its founder, though members and friends of the Society in time appropriated the name in its positive meaning.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="315"><a href="#citable__315"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The term "Jesuit" (of fifteenth-century origin, meaning one who used too frequently or appropriated the name of Jesus), was first applied to the society in reproach (1544-52), and was never employed by its founder, though members and friends of the society in time accepted the name in its good sense.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="315"><a href="#citable__315"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The society was never as obnoxious to the college as it is today, and it is just this ill-feeling that shuts the pockets of non-members.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>legends</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.internationalnewsagency.org/legends2.htm">www.internationalnewsagency.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="315"><a href="#citable__315"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If the members of the Society continue as they have begun, God grant that the time may not come when kings will wish to resist them, and will find no means of doing so."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Early_works">Early works</span></h3> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:217px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/04/6/5/3/3380122139395649.jpg" width="215" height="300" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <em><a href="/Ratio_Studiorum" title="Ratio Studiorum">Ratio Studiorum</a></em>, 1598</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__271" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="271">The Jesuits were founded just before the <a href="/Counter-Reformation" title="Counter-Reformation">Counter-Reformation</a> (or at least before the date those historians with a classical view of the counter reformation hold to be the beginning of the Counter-Reformation), a movement whose purpose was to reform the Catholic Church from within and to counter the <a href="/Protestant_Reformation" title="Protestant Reformation">Protestant Reformers</a>, whose teachings were spreading throughout <a href="/Catholicism" title="Catholicism">Catholic</a> <a href="/Europe" title="Europe">Europe</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="271"><a href="#citable__271"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>What is meant by the expression “the first teaching order within the Catholic church”?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MHP Intranet</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.montanaheritageproject.org/index.php/mhp/jesuits-order/">www.montanaheritageproject.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="271"><a href="#citable__271"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As Catholics, do we have to accept everything the Church teaches?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="271"><a href="#citable__271"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They became the main instruments of the Counter-Reformation ; the re-conquest of southern and western Germany and Austria for the Church, and the preservation of the Catholic faith in France and other countries were due chiefly to their exertions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Society of Jesus - Catholic Encyclopedia - Catholic Online</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.catholic.org/encyclopedia/view.php?id=6334">www.catholic.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__107" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="107">As part of their service to the Roman Church, the Jesuits encouraged people to continue their obedience to <a href="/Scripture" title="Scripture">scripture</a> as interpreted by Catholic <a href="/Doctrine" title="Doctrine">doctrine</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="107"><a href="#citable__107"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit Futurism originated with the Roman Catholic Church, which makes it the very doctrine of the Antichrist!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Left Behind by the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lmn.org/magazine/170/Jesuits.html">www.lmn.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="107"><a href="#citable__107"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Every church that is except Roman Catholic.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="107"><a href="#citable__107"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Edmond Paris, in his scholarly work, The Secret History of the Jesuits, reveals and documents much of this information.” 4 At the Council of Trent, the Catholic Church gave the Jesuits the specific assignment of destroying Protestantism and bringing people back to the Mother Church.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Left Behind by the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lmn.org/magazine/170/Jesuits.html">www.lmn.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__389" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="389">Ignatius is known to have written: "...: I will believe that the white that I see is black if the hierarchical Church so defines it."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="389"><a href="#citable__389"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But I do believe that this is what Jesuit educators have publicly stated, in Church and in society, to be our defining commitment.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>FAITH AND THE PROMOTION OF JUSTICE - Gonzaga University</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.gonzaga.edu/academics/Colleges-and-Schools/School-of-Professional-Studies/Ph.D.---Leadership-Studies/Current-Students/Commitment-to-Justice.asp">www.gonzaga.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="389"><a href="#citable__389"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Meanwhile, they interweave all these Jesuit subliminals all throughout the movie: Black is white, white is blackwhen Garrison is at the restaurant, talking to his peoplethats Ignatius Loyola.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="389"><a href="#citable__389"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The world has never known anything quite so splendid as the hierarchical structure of the Catholic Church.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>EIPS - The Jesuits and their Strategy to destroy Britain</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?artkey=jesuits">www.ianpaisley.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_12" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-12"><span>[</span>13<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__212" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="212">Ignatius and the early Jesuits did recognize, though, that the hierarchical Church was in dire need of reform.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="212"><a href="#citable__212"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If there is a message that the church needs to hear today (if we are ever to see real Reformation) this is it!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Secret Instructions of the Jesuits Super Sale</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.swrb.com/Puritan/jesuits.htm">www.swrb.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="212"><a href="#citable__212"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This article and the next in this series will, however, implicitly ask the questions, Did the early church properly understand that teaching?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Warfare and the Ethics of Jesus Christ</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wcg.org/lit/ethics/War03.htm">www.wcg.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="212"><a href="#citable__212"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The zeal and conviction of the Jesuits were so appropriate to the problem the Catholic Church was facing that something would have been 'missing' in the Counter Reformation had there been no Jesuit order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>EIPS - The Jesuits and their Strategy to destroy Britain</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?artkey=jesuits">www.ianpaisley.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__247" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="247">Some of their greatest struggles were against corruption, <a href="/Venality" title="Venality">venality</a>, and spiritual lassitude within the Roman Catholic Church.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="247"><a href="#citable__247"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Every church that is except Roman Catholic.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="247"><a href="#citable__247"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some may say, "Well, of course the beast is Rome - the city on seven hills - but, the harlot is the city within the city, Vatican City, where the Catholic Church is headquartered."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="247"><a href="#citable__247"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit Futurism originated with the Roman Catholic Church, which makes it the very doctrine of the Antichrist!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Left Behind by the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lmn.org/magazine/170/Jesuits.html">www.lmn.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__323" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="323">Ignatius's insistence on an extremely high level of academic preparation for ministry, for instance, was a deliberate response to the relatively poor education of much of the clergy of his time.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="323"><a href="#citable__323"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Much to the relief of the Regional Superior, the work was completed on time and to a surprisingly high standard!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="323"><a href="#citable__323"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In this instance they saw it as a help to a more “professionally” reliable ministry, for they shared the goal of both Protestant and Catholic leaders to produce a literate, more learned clergy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MHP Intranet</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.montanaheritageproject.org/index.php/mhp/jesuits-order/">www.montanaheritageproject.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="323"><a href="#citable__323"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Campus ministry does much to foment such intelligent, responsible and active compassion, compassion that deserves the name solidarity.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>FAITH AND THE PROMOTION OF JUSTICE - Gonzaga University</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.gonzaga.edu/academics/Colleges-and-Schools/School-of-Professional-Studies/Ph.D.---Leadership-Studies/Current-Students/Commitment-to-Justice.asp">www.gonzaga.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__216" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="216">The Jesuit vow against "ambitioning prelacies" was a deliberate effort to prevent greed for money or power invading Jesuit circles.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="216"><a href="#citable__216"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>DaddyC - December 24, 2009, 8:25AM No Jesus taught against greed for (greed) the love of money is the root of all evil.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Hillsong | Religion | Jesus | Christmas</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/opinion/society-and-culture/did-jesus-make-us-fat-and-greedy-20091223-ldc7.html">www.brisbanetimes.com.au</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="216"><a href="#citable__216"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The next attached-document contained another sharp attack against the Jesuitism of Stattler, specifically mentioning the efforts of Weishaupt and professor Stehler to combat and maneuver against it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Illuminati Conspiracy Part Two: Sniffing out Jesuits | Terry Melanson </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.conspiracyarchive.com/Articles/Illuminati_Conspiracy_2.htm">www.conspiracyarchive.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="216"><a href="#citable__216"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Unsatisfied with this, the university retaliated by preventing the Jesuit scholars from obtaining degrees and later (1573-6), a feud was maintained against Father Maldonado (q.v.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">As a result, in spite of their loyalty, Ignatius and his successors often tangled with the pope and the <a href="/Roman_Curia" title="Roman Curia">Roman Curia</a>. <a name="citable__353" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="353">Over the 450 years since its founding, the Society has both been called the papal "elite troops" and been forced into <a href="/Suppression_of_the_Jesuits" title="Suppression of the Jesuits" class="mw-redirect">suppression</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="353"><a href="#citable__353"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As the years wore on, he also evolved into a believer in social institutions as especially powerful means for “the help of souls.” This is exemplified most dramatically in his work in founding the Society of Jesus and in saying goodbye to what he called his “pilgrim years” to become the chief administrator in that institution from 1541 until his death in 1556.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MHP Intranet</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.montanaheritageproject.org/index.php/mhp/jesuits-order/">www.montanaheritageproject.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="353"><a href="#citable__353"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ignatius of Loyola (1491-1556) obtained papal approval in 1540 for a new international religious order called the Society of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Lamson Library</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://library.plymouth.edu/browse/?subj=jesuits">library.plymouth.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="353"><a href="#citable__353"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On August 15, 1534, Ignatius Loyola (in the title picture) founded a secretive Catholic order called the Society of Jesus, also known as the Jesuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Left Behind by the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.lmn.org/magazine/170/Jesuits.html">www.lmn.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">St. Ignatius and the Jesuits who followed him believed that the reform of the Church had to begin with the conversion of an individual’s heart. <a name="citable__297" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="297">One of the main tools the Jesuits have used to bring about this conversion has been the Ignatian retreat, called the <a href="/Spiritual_Exercises_of_Ignatius_of_Loyola" title="Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola">Spiritual Exercises</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="297"><a href="#citable__297"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Spiritual Exercises , as did the Jesuits after him.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="297"><a href="#citable__297"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit spiritual exercises are a daily ritual for Jesuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="297"><a href="#citable__297"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the span of his 65 years, Ignatius wrote the Spiritual Exercises , a thirty-day retreat of growing closer to Jesus Christ, founded the Society of Jesus, became the Jesuit order’s first Superior General and established schools and parishes.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__386" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="386">During a four-week period of silence, individuals undergo a series of directed <a href="/Meditations" title="Meditations">meditations</a> on the life of Christ.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="386"><a href="#citable__386"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During this same period I continued my studies in Arabic, reading the Quran in Arabic with a Muslim once a week.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="386"><a href="#citable__386"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During this particular period of time, this stewardship, the Gospel says that the Lord Jesus Christ died for the sins of our world; he was buried and rose again.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="386"><a href="#citable__386"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Daniel-Rops, Henri, (1969), Silence of Jesus Contemporaries, The Sources for the Life of Christ , ed.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Historicity of Jesus Christ</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/historicity_of_jesus_christ.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__361" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="361">During this period, they meet regularly with a <a href="/Spiritual_director" title="Spiritual director" class="mw-redirect">spiritual director</a>, who helps them understand whatever call or message God has offered in their meditations.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="361"><a href="#citable__361"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>God helps those who help themselves?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Hillsong | Religion | Jesus | Christmas</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/opinion/society-and-culture/did-jesus-make-us-fat-and-greedy-20091223-ldc7.html">www.brisbanetimes.com.au</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="361"><a href="#citable__361"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Yet, if the perceptive reader penetrates "between the lines" thoughtfully, there is glimpsed a recurring commendable spiritual message in Erics commentaryof "Have the courage to speak The Truth" and "God helps those who help themselves"which we certainly DO agree with wholeheartedly and have long supported enthusiastically.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="361"><a href="#citable__361"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He established a house for the reception of converted Jews during their period of instruction, and another for loose women who were anxious to reform but felt no call to the religious life.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>St. Ignatius of Loyola</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ewtn.com/library/MARY/IGNAITU2.HTM">www.ewtn.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__405" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="405">The retreat follows a "Purgative-Illuminative-Unitive" pattern in the tradition of the spirituality of <a href="/John_Cassian" title="John Cassian">John Cassian</a> and the <a href="/Desert_Fathers" title="Desert Fathers">Desert Fathers</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="405"><a href="#citable__405"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The famous Jesuit Father John Dear echoed that thought, “If we‘re going to follow Jesus, we are going to get into trouble.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Toward A Jesus Society </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://rmbowman.com/ssn/JesusSociety.htm">rmbowman.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="405"><a href="#citable__405"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>PQ7296.A1 T7 1941 An eight day communitarian retreat: based on the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius of Loyola, by John Carroll Futrell.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__61" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="61">Ignatius' innovation was to make this style of contemplative <a href="/Mysticism" title="Mysticism">mysticism</a> available to all people in active life.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="61"><a href="#citable__61"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This means that you are solely and entirely responsible for the consequences of all Postings that you upload, post, email, transmit or otherwise make available via the Site.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesus of Suburbia | SPIKE </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.spike.com/video/jesus-of-suburbia/2682403">www.spike.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="61"><a href="#citable__61"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ignatius planned to make it a model for all Jesuit institutions, taking great pains to secure able teachers and excellent equipment.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>St. Ignatius of Loyola</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ewtn.com/library/MARY/IGNAITU2.HTM">www.ewtn.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="61"><a href="#citable__61"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ignatius himself lays down the rule that an inferior is bound to make all necessary representations to his superior so as to guide him in imposing a precept of obedience.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits - LoveToKnow 1911</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Jesuits">www.1911encyclopedia.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__319" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="319">Further, he used it as a means of rebuilding the spiritual life of the Church.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="319"><a href="#citable__319"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It also does not mean they don't have an agenda > and are using their degree to further that agenda.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Jesuit priest looks at "the fertile cosmos" - talk.origins | Google Groups </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.google.com/group/talk.origins/browse_thread/thread/837250a56e955565">groups.google.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="319"><a href="#citable__319"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Proposals for actions for a more robust separation of church and secret societies from the sovereign people of the State, using legal, political and educational means.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="319"><a href="#citable__319"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>What do these signs within society mean to you and to your faith and spiritual life?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Signs Of Jesus' Coming</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.christianinconnect.com/ltsigns.htm">www.christianinconnect.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The Exercises became both the basis for the training of Jesuits and one of the essential ministries of the order: giving the exercises to others in what became known as "retreats".</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__381" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="381">The Jesuits’ contributions to the late <a href="/Renaissance" title="Renaissance">Renaissance</a> were significant in their roles both as a missionary order and as the first religious order to operate <a href="/College" title="College">colleges</a> and <a href="/University" title="University">universities</a> as a principal and distinct ministry.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="381"><a href="#citable__381"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuits are a military organization, not a religious order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="381"><a href="#citable__381"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In addition to this tradition for those leading the order, obedience to the Pope in missionary matters is the fourth vow that all Jesuits make alongside the traditional three vows of poverty, chastity and obedience.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>American Papist: Not Your Average Catholic!</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.americanpapist.com/labels/jesuits.html">www.americanpapist.com</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="381"><a href="#citable__381"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As I said above twenty three Jesuits of the Czech Province were not interned because they were living abroad at the time of operation K. They were the first of all the Jesuit groups who worked abroadprofessors, missionaries or priests, who were preparing themselves for work in missions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__159" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="159">By the time of Ignatius' death in 1556, the Jesuits were already operating a network of 74 colleges on three continents.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="159"><a href="#citable__159"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As I said above twenty three Jesuits of the Czech Province were not interned because they were living abroad at the time of operation K. They were the first of all the Jesuit groups who worked abroadprofessors, missionaries or priests, who were preparing themselves for work in missions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="159"><a href="#citable__159"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was a time when Englishmen caught harboring Jesuits were pressed to death.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="159"><a href="#citable__159"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Trinity College, Dublin, was already promised to the Jesuits, and Oxford was mnot showing a very stern resistance to their advance.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__415" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="415">A precursor to <a href="/Liberal_arts" title="Liberal arts">liberal education</a>, the Jesuit plan of studies incorporated the Classical teachings of <a href="/Renaissance_humanism" title="Renaissance humanism">Renaissance humanism</a> into the <a href="/Scholasticism" title="Scholasticism">Scholastic</a> structure of Catholic thought.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="415"><a href="#citable__415"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>CNSNews.com ) Labels: catholic education , jesuits , outrageous , president obama .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>American Papist: Not Your Average Catholic!</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.americanpapist.com/labels/jesuits.html">www.americanpapist.com</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="415"><a href="#citable__415"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BX3702.2 H35 1972 The Jesuit code of liberal education; development and scope of the Ratio studiorum, by Allan P. Farrell.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="415"><a href="#citable__415"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuits, I think we have to admit, got into education almost by the back door.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MHP Intranet</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.montanaheritageproject.org/index.php/mhp/jesuits-order/">www.montanaheritageproject.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div class="thumb tleft"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/02/2/5/8/65142981306922355.jpg" width="220" height="415" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Jesuit <a href="/Missionary" title="Missionary">missionary</a>, painting from 1779.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__302" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="302">In addition to teaching <a href="/Faith" title="Faith">faith</a>, the <em><a href="/Ratio_Studiorum" title="Ratio Studiorum">Ratio Studiorum</a></em> emphasized the study of <a href="/Latin" title="Latin">Latin</a>, <a href="/Greek_language" title="Greek language">Greek</a>, classical <a href="/Literature" title="Literature">literature</a>, <a href="/Poetry" title="Poetry">poetry</a>, and <a href="/Philosophy" title="Philosophy">philosophy</a> as well as non-European languages, <a href="/Science" title="Science">sciences</a> and the <a href="/Art" title="Art">arts</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="302"><a href="#citable__302"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Ratio Studiorum says the purpose of Latin was to teach culture.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="302"><a href="#citable__302"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I spent several years studying as a member of the community of Harvard Divinity School (though I was officially a Ph.D. student in the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="302"><a href="#citable__302"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They did not try to form mathematicians or doctors, artists or agronomists or specialists; rather, they prided themselves on knowing, writing and speaking Latin because this knowledge was indispensable for the study of philosophy, the crown of a classical education; because it was the idiom of both the Church and of science; because it was the language of the past in religion, literature, philosophy and theology; and because no one thought an education could be liberal without Latin.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__98" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="98">Furthermore, Jesuit schools encouraged the study of <a href="/Vernacular_literature" title="Vernacular literature">vernacular literature</a> and <a href="/Rhetoric" title="Rhetoric">rhetoric</a>, and thereby became important centers for the training of lawyers and public officials.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="98"><a href="#citable__98"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I spent several years studying as a member of the community of Harvard Divinity School (though I was officially a Ph.D. student in the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="98"><a href="#citable__98"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Through the Spiritual Exercises the Ignatian charism has always extended deeply into the lives of the laity who became as enthused about the Jesuit schools as the Jesuits were.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="98"><a href="#citable__98"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuit School of Theology at Berkeley is one of only two Jesuit theological centers in the United States operated by the Society of Jesus (Jesuits).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__114" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="114">The Jesuit schools played an important part in winning back to Catholicism a number of European countries which had for a time been predominantly Protestant, notably <a href="/Poland" title="Poland">Poland</a> and <a href="/Lithuania" title="Lithuania">Lithuania</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="114"><a href="#citable__114"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To some extent, their music has penetrated beyond Catholicism: The Saint Louis Jesuit’s music was played at Ronald Reagan’s funeral and Bill Clinton’s inauguration.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MusicaSacra » The Mystery of the St. Louis Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.musicasacra.com/the-mystery-of-the-st-louis-jesuits/">www.musicasacra.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="114"><a href="#citable__114"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Wheeling Jesuit volleyball team improves to 8-0 in conference play after picking up a road win on Friday evening against Fairmont State University.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Athletics Landing Page - Wheeling Jesuit University</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wju.edu/athletics/">www.wju.edu</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="114"><a href="#citable__114"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Each part is 30 minutes, played by 3 student Jesuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus - 2006 Jesuits Jubilee - Around the World</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.blessedsacramenthollywood.org/jesuits/jubilee_2006.htm">www.blessedsacramenthollywood.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__74" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="74">Today, Jesuit colleges and universities are located in over one hundred nations around the world.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="74"><a href="#citable__74"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At the National Council of Women exhibit at the Century of Progress Fair in Chicago in 1932, Mormon women gave a demonstration on the monumental accomplishments of women in the previous one hundred years.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Relief Society - Mormonism, The Mormon Church, Beliefs, & Religion - MormonWiki</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mormonwiki.com/Relief_Society">www.mormonwiki.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="74"><a href="#citable__74"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit priests and brothers are engaged in ministries in 112 nations on six continents.They are best known in the fields of education (schools, colleges, universities, seminaries, theological faculties), intellectual research, and cultural pursuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits (society Of Jesus) Since 1534 Responsible For: - Conspiracy Cafe Home</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.conspiracycafe.net/forum/index.php?/topic/22022-the-jesuits-society-of-jesus-since-1534-responsible-for/">www.conspiracycafe.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="74"><a href="#citable__74"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Odenbach sold the presidents of the colleges and universities and the American Jesuit Provincial Superiors on the idea.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>SSA - The Jesuit Contribution to Seismology</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.seismosoc.org/inside/eastern-section/ES_Jesuits.php">www.seismosoc.org</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__6" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="6">Under the notion that <a href="/God" title="God">God</a> can be encountered through created things and especially art, they encouraged the use of ceremony and decoration in Catholic ritual and devotion.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="6"><a href="#citable__6"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>All these, under the name of the Society of Jesus; 'of apostles of Christ and his gospel;' the most pious, the most learned, and the most devoted definders of the Roman Catholic Church; as commissioned miraculously by God to support his true church against Protestantism.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="6"><a href="#citable__6"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One thing that seems to run through this situation is a deep vein of anti-Catholic bigotry, which has a long pedigree in this area.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits' Northwest accusers detail sex abuse claims | Oregon Local News - OregonLive.com</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.oregonlive.com/news/index.ssf/2009/03/jesuits_northwest_accusers_det.html">www.oregonlive.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="6"><a href="#citable__6"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You see, all these things were used to unite Catholics and Protestants together here, so that, ultimately, Rome would be in control of all the Protestant denominations through the National Council of Churches and the Royal Council of Churches.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__106" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="106">Perhaps as a result of this appreciation for art, coupled with their spiritual practice of "finding God in all things", many early Jesuits distinguished themselves in the visual and <a href="/Performing_arts" title="Performing arts">performing arts</a> as well as in <a href="/Music" title="Music">music</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="106"><a href="#citable__106"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And the president of the college said, “Well, all kinds of things, Bishop.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General Board of Church and Society </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gbcs.podbean.com/">gbcs.podbean.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="106"><a href="#citable__106"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>How many people have we spoken to who did not want God at all!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus Christ, the Lord of History</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gracevalley.org/sermon_trans/2002/Jesus_Christ_Lord_of_History.html">gracevalley.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="106"><a href="#citable__106"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>All our blessed Lord's sermons were so many loving calls to poor aching hearts to come and find what they needed in him.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Approachableness of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.spurgeon.org/lk15_1.htm">www.spurgeon.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__101" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="101">Jesuit priests often acted as <a href="/Confession" title="Confession">confessors</a> to <a href="/Monarchs" title="Monarchs" class="mw-redirect">Kings</a> during the <a href="/Early_Modern_Period" title="Early Modern Period" class="mw-redirect">Early Modern Period</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="101"><a href="#citable__101"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The King, Philip IV., did not have a Jesuit confessor, however, the Jesuits still guided the consciences of most of the nobles and wealthy people.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="101"><a href="#citable__101"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1757 Carvalho, marquis of Pombal, prime minister of Joseph I. of Portugal, dismissed the three Jesuit chaplains of the king, and named three secular priests in their stead.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.1902encyclopedia.com/J/JES/jesuits.html">www.1902encyclopedia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="101"><a href="#citable__101"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After the Restoration (1660) there was a new period of peace in which the Jesuit missionaries reaped a considerable harvest, but during the disturbances caused by the Covenanters the persecution of Catholics was renewed.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__156" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="156">They were an important force in the Counter-Reformation and in the Catholic missions, in part because their relatively loose structure (without the requirements of living in community, saying the <a href="/Liturgy_of_the_Hours" title="Liturgy of the Hours">divine office</a> together, etc.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="156"><a href="#citable__156"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They call it the Counter-Reformation.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="156"><a href="#citable__156"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As I said above twenty three Jesuits of the Czech Province were not interned because they were living abroad at the time of operation K. They were the first of all the Jesuit groups who worked abroadprofessors, missionaries or priests, who were preparing themselves for work in missions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="156"><a href="#citable__156"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We work hard to help our people join justice and mercy together in their own lives, congregations and communities.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General Board of Church and Society </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gbcs.podbean.com/">gbcs.podbean.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> ) allowed them to be flexible to meet the needs of the people at the time.</div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Expansion">Expansion</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Jesuit_missions_in_North_America" title="Jesuit missions in North America">Jesuit missions in North America</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/03/3/6/4/14945033546047044.jpg" width="220" height="293" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> The <a href="/Shunk%C5%8D-in" title="Shunkō-in">Bell of Nanbanji</a>, made in <a href="/Portugal" title="Portugal">Portugal</a> for <a href="/Nanbanji" title="Nanbanji" class="mw-redirect">Nanbanji</a> Church, established by Jesuit in 1576 and destroyed 1587, <a href="/Japan" title="Japan">Japan</a>.</div> </div> </div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/02/9/4/7/1354384051325722.jpg" width="220" height="149" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> The ruins of <a href="/La_Santisima_Trinidad_de_Parana" title="La Santisima Trinidad de Parana" class="mw-redirect">La Santisima Trinidad de Parana</a> in <a href="/Paraguay" title="Paraguay">Paraguay</a>, one of the many Jesuit missions established in South America during the 17th and 18th centuries</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__164" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="164">Early missions in <a href="/Japan" title="Japan">Japan</a> resulted in the government granting the Jesuits the feudal fiefdom of <a href="/Nagasaki,_Nagasaki" title="Nagasaki, Nagasaki" class="mw-redirect">Nagasaki</a> in 1580. However, this was removed in 1587 due to fears over their growing influence.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="164"><a href="#citable__164"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>PR4972 .M33 1870 Rodrigues the interpreter, an early Jesuit in Japan and China, by Michael Cooper.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="164"><a href="#citable__164"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BX 3731 .M374 1988 The Jesuit mission press in Japan, 1591-1610, by Sir Ernest Mason Satow.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="164"><a href="#citable__164"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Outspoken opposition to the Nazis by individual Jesuits resulted in harsh response from government officials, including imprisonment of priests in concentration camps.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com/">goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__168" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="168"><a href="/Francis_Xavier" title="Francis Xavier">Francis Xavier</a> arrived in <a href="/Goa" title="Goa">Goa</a>, in Western <a href="/India" title="India">India</a>, in 1541 to consider evangelical service in the Indies.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="168"><a href="#citable__168"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Even as the Order was receiving papal approval in 1540, St. Francis Xavier was on his way to India, thence to Japan, and almost to China before he died in 1552.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MHP Intranet</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.montanaheritageproject.org/index.php/mhp/jesuits-order/">www.montanaheritageproject.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="168"><a href="#citable__168"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There was a college in Goa; St. Francis Xavier began putting people into that college and trained Jesuits to begin teaching.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="168"><a href="#citable__168"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Arriving at Goa in 1542, he evangelized first the western coast and Ceylon ; in 1545 he was in Malacca ; in 1549 in Japan .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__76" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="76">He died in China after a decade of evangelism in Southern India.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="76"><a href="#citable__76"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Even as the Order was receiving papal approval in 1540, St. Francis Xavier was on his way to India, thence to Japan, and almost to China before he died in 1552.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MHP Intranet</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.montanaheritageproject.org/index.php/mhp/jesuits-order/">www.montanaheritageproject.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Two Jesuit missionaries, <a href="/Johann_Grueber" title="Johann Grueber">Johann Grueber</a> and <a href="/Albert_Dorville" title="Albert Dorville">Albert Dorville</a>, reached <a href="/Lhasa" title="Lhasa">Lhasa</a> in <a href="/Tibet" title="Tibet">Tibet</a> in 1661.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__72" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="72">Jesuit <a href="/Mission_(Christian)" title="Mission (Christian)">missions</a> in <a href="/Latin_America" title="Latin America">Latin America</a> were very controversial in Europe, especially in <a href="/Spain" title="Spain">Spain</a> and <a href="/Portugal" title="Portugal">Portugal</a> where they were seen as interfering with the proper colonial enterprises of the royal governments.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="72"><a href="#citable__72"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1943 the Society began mission work in the Dominican Republic, the first of many new fields of service to come in Latin America, the West Indies and Asia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scarboro Missions — A Society of Canadian catholics, priests, and laity dedicated to the mission of Jesus Christ</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scarboromissions.ca/Scarboro_missions_magazine/history.php">www.scarboromissions.ca</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="72"><a href="#citable__72"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Such had been the increase of their Brazilian and African colonies for a century that their increase in English goods, annually, was greater than that of Portugal and Spain combined prior to 1700.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="72"><a href="#citable__72"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The blows which were inflicted on the Jesuits by the Catholic monarchs of Portugal, Spain, and France during the eighteenth century are historically insignificant in comparison with the suppression of the Society by the papacy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__371" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="371">The Jesuits were often the only force standing between the <a href="/Indigenous_peoples_of_the_Americas" title="Indigenous peoples of the Americas">Native Americans</a> and [slavery]].</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="371"><a href="#citable__371"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The admixture of joy and terror at 1:59 on a Friday, knowing that only 45 minutes with my 8th-period stand between me and the weekend.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>A Jesuit's Journey</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://ryandunssj.blogspot.com/">ryandunssj.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="371"><a href="#citable__371"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These words taken from the Woodstock Letters (1893) of various correspondence between American Jesuit educators are appropriate: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="371"><a href="#citable__371"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Its the Council of Trentthe Jesuits using the American Air Force to bomb those orthodox people to smithereens.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__49" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="49">Together throughout <a href="/South_America" title="South America">South America</a> but especially in present-day <a href="/Brazil" title="Brazil">Brazil</a> and <a href="/Paraguay" title="Paraguay">Paraguay</a>, they formed Christian Native American city-states, called "<a href="/Jesuit_Reductions" title="Jesuit Reductions">reductions</a>" (Spanish <em>Reducciones</em>, Portuguese <em>Reduções</em>).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="49"><a href="#citable__49"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is also used at the Societys French seminary in Flavigny, the Brothers Novitiate in the Philippines, in United States Districts schools, and widely throughout Europe, especially in Italy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="49"><a href="#citable__49"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Though these women were poor themselves, they felt the need of Native Americans exceeded their own.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Relief Society - Mormonism, The Mormon Church, Beliefs, & Religion - MormonWiki</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mormonwiki.com/Relief_Society">www.mormonwiki.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="49"><a href="#citable__49"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuits Christianized and civilized the Indians of Paraguay and Brazil in organized towns (reductions), which flourished for more than a century until the Jesuits were suppressed.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__139" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="139">These were societies set up according to an idealized <a href="/Theocracy" title="Theocracy">theocratic</a> model.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="139"><a href="#citable__139"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Can you believe that this despicable secret society set up for the sexual satisfaction of priests and bishops actually acts to break up real marriages?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>POPE PIUS IX SOLVED HETEROSEXUAL DEVIANCY OF PRIESTS IN 1866 BY ESTABLISHING A SECRET SOCIETY OF BLESSED CREATURES WOMEN WHO HAD BEEN CONVINCED THAT HAVING SEX WITH PRIESTS AND BISHOPS WAS HOLY PURE BIBLICAL</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cuttingedge.org/news/n1763.cfm">www.cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="139"><a href="#citable__139"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Men will vary of course in their estimates as to whether the amount of Jesuit genius is great or not according to the esteem they make of these studies in which the Society is strongest.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Jesuit Apologetic</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14103a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="139"><a href="#citable__139"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The second set of Jewish oral teachings was extremely secret and was classic secret society; these teachings later became known as the Cabala.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN ANCIENT SECRET SOCIETY KILLED JESUS CHRIST </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://cuttingedge.org/news/n2032.cfm">cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__291" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="291">It is partly because the Jesuits, such as <a href="/Antonio_Ruiz_de_Montoya" title="Antonio Ruiz de Montoya">Antonio Ruiz de Montoya</a>, protected the natives (whom certain Spanish and Portuguese colonizers wanted to enslave) that the Society of Jesus was suppressed.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="291"><a href="#citable__291"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Phelps: Because the Jesuits have always wanted that.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="291"><a href="#citable__291"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They established their supremacy over the natives called Guarani Indians and did not allow them to mix with the Spanish or Portuguese.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="291"><a href="#citable__291"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By 1773, the year the Society of Jesus was suppressed by papal edict, the Jesuits were in charge of some 800 educational institutions around the globe.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>MHP Intranet</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.montanaheritageproject.org/index.php/mhp/jesuits-order/">www.montanaheritageproject.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__246" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="246">Jesuit priests such as <a href="/Manuel_da_N%C3%B3brega" title="Manuel da Nóbrega">Manuel da Nóbrega</a> and <a href="/Jos%C3%A9_de_Anchieta" title="José de Anchieta">José de Anchieta</a> founded several towns in Brazil in the 16th century, including <a href="/S%C3%A3o_Paulo" title="São Paulo">São Paulo</a> and <a href="/Rio_de_Janeiro" title="Rio de Janeiro">Rio de Janeiro</a>, and were very influential in the pacification, <a href="/Religious_conversion" title="Religious conversion">religious conversion</a> and <a href="/Education" title="Education">education</a> of <a href="/Amerindians" title="Amerindians" class="mw-redirect">Indian nations</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="246"><a href="#citable__246"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuits · England · History · 16th century · 17th century · Gunpowder Plot, 1605 · Religious fundamentalism · Religion · Great Britain · Elizabeth, 1558-1603 · Hogge, Alice, 1968- Availability .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Lamson Library</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://library.plymouth.edu/browse/?subj=jesuits">library.plymouth.edu</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="246"><a href="#citable__246"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit priests and brothers are engaged in ministries in 112 nations on six continents.They are best known in the fields of education (schools, colleges, universities, seminaries, theological faculties), intellectual research, and cultural pursuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits (society Of Jesus) Since 1534 Responsible For: - Conspiracy Cafe Home</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.conspiracycafe.net/forum/index.php?/topic/22022-the-jesuits-society-of-jesus-since-1534-responsible-for/">www.conspiracycafe.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="246"><a href="#citable__246"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuits Christianized and civilized the Indians of Paraguay and Brazil in organized towns (reductions), which flourished for more than a century until the Jesuits were suppressed.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__73" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="73">Jesuit scholars working in foreign missions were very important in studying their unknown languages and strived to produce Latinized <a href="/Grammar" title="Grammar">grammars</a> and <a href="/Dictionaries" title="Dictionaries" class="mw-redirect">dictionaries</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="73"><a href="#citable__73"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1943 the Society began mission work in the Dominican Republic, the first of many new fields of service to come in Latin America, the West Indies and Asia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Scarboro Missions — A Society of Canadian catholics, priests, and laity dedicated to the mission of Jesus Christ</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.scarboromissions.ca/Scarboro_missions_magazine/history.php">www.scarboromissions.ca</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="73"><a href="#citable__73"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I think that is very important to keep in mind that while the Jesuits had the Ratio Studiorum they were not slaves to it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="73"><a href="#citable__73"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The missioning of these young Jesuits, and several who were not able to take part in the Istanbul meeting, to work in Islamic studies indicates the impact of the GC34 document, Our Mission and Interreligious Dialogue.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__392" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="392">This was done, for instance, for <a href="/Japanese_language" title="Japanese language">Japanese</a> (see <em><a href="/Nippo_jisho" title="Nippo jisho" class="mw-redirect">Nippo jisho</a></em> also known as <em>Vocabvlario da Lingoa de Iapam,</em> (Vocabulary of the Japanese Language) a Japanese-Portuguese dictionary written 1603), <a href="/Vietnamese_language" title="Vietnamese language">Vietnamese</a> (French Jesuit missionary <a href="/Alexandre_de_Rhodes" title="Alexandre de Rhodes" class="mw-redirect">Alexandre de Rhodes</a> formalized the <a href="/Vietnamese_alphabet" title="Vietnamese alphabet">Vietnamese alphabet</a> in use today with his 1651 Vietnamese-Portuguese-Latin dictionary <em><a href="/Dictionarium_Annamiticum_Lusitanum_et_Latinum" title="Dictionarium Annamiticum Lusitanum et Latinum">Dictionarium Annamiticum Lusitanum et Latinum</a></em>) and <a href="/Tupi-Guarani" title="Tupi-Guarani" class="mw-redirect">Tupi-Guarani</a> (a language group of South American aborigines).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="392"><a href="#citable__392"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>See De l'Existence et de l'Institute des Jesuites.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>THE JESUITS</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.reformed.org/misc/the_jesuits.html">www.reformed.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="392"><a href="#citable__392"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BX 3706 .C51 1910 Father Laval; or, The Jesuit missionary: a tale of the North American Indians, by James McSherry.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="392"><a href="#citable__392"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It must be kept in mind that the Jesuits had now supreme influence at the Portuguese as well as the French court, and officials naturally bowed to their wealth and power.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a href="/Jean_Fran%C3%A7ois_Pons" title="Jean François Pons">Jean François Pons</a> in the 1740s pioneered the study of <a href="/Sanskrit" title="Sanskrit">Sanskrit</a> in the West.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__113" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="113">Under Portuguese royal patronage, the order thrived in Goa and until 1759 successfully expanded its activities to education and healthcare.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="113"><a href="#citable__113"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When he reached Macao, this papal legate found that the Viceroy of India, the Archbishop of Goa, and the Bishop of Macao forbade him to exercise his powers in any country under the Portuguese flag.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__184" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="184">On 17 December 1759, the <a href="/Marquis_of_Pombal" title="Marquis of Pombal">Marquis of Pombal</a>, <a href="/Secretary_of_State" title="Secretary of State">Secretary of State</a> in Portugal, expelled the Jesuits from Portugal and Portuguese possessions overseas.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="184"><a href="#citable__184"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1757 Carvalho, marquis of Pombal, prime minister of Joseph I. of Portugal, dismissed the three Jesuit chaplains of the king, and named three secular priests in their stead.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.1902encyclopedia.com/J/JES/jesuits.html">www.1902encyclopedia.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="184"><a href="#citable__184"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Treasonous, Jesuit-controlled, CFR Advisors, 1999 #202 Cyrus R. Vance, former Secretary of State Shriner .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Diabolical History of The Society of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/vatican/esp_vatican21.htm">www.bibliotecapleyades.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="184"><a href="#citable__184"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuit Conference of the United States announced the appointment of Father Gregory Konz, S.J., to the position of Secretary for Higher Education, Finance and Development at the Conference’s offices in Washington, D.C. Fr.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__81" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="81">Jesuit missionaries were active among <a href="/Indigenous_peoples" title="Indigenous peoples">indigenous peoples</a> in <a href="/New_France" title="New France">New France</a> in <a href="/North_America" title="North America">North America</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="81"><a href="#citable__81"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1640, he arrived in New France where he offered his services to the Jesuit missionaries.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits - Biographical Notes</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.leveillee.net/ancestry/jesuitsbio.htm">www.leveillee.net</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="81"><a href="#citable__81"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"Catalogue of Jesuit Missionaries to New France and Louisiana, 1611-1800."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary/index.asp?action=view&term_id=785&keyword=wisconsin">www.wisconsinhistory.org</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="81"><a href="#citable__81"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BX 3706 .C51 1910 Father Laval; or, The Jesuit missionary: a tale of the North American Indians, by James McSherry.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__163" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="163">Many of them compiled dictionaries or glossaries of the <a href="/First_Nations" title="First Nations">First Nations</a> and <a href="/Indigenous_peoples_of_the_Americas" title="Indigenous peoples of the Americas">Native American</a> languages which they learned.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="163"><a href="#citable__163"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Though these women were poor themselves, they felt the need of Native Americans exceeded their own.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Relief Society - Mormonism, The Mormon Church, Beliefs, & Religion - MormonWiki</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.mormonwiki.com/Relief_Society">www.mormonwiki.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="163"><a href="#citable__163"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Progress was slow at first, but when the languages had been learnt, and the confidence of the natives acquired, progress became rapid.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="163"><a href="#citable__163"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Father General once had lunch with them at the Curia and talked with each of them for at least a few minutes, especially if they could understand some of the many languages that he could speak.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> For instance, <a href="/Jacques_Gravier" title="Jacques Gravier">Jacques Gravier</a>, vicar general of the <a href="/Illinois" title="Illinois">Illinois</a> <a href="/Mission" title="Mission">mission</a> in the <a href="/Mississippi_River" title="Mississippi River">Mississippi River</a> valley, compiled the most extensive Kaskaskia Illinois-French <a href="/Dictionary" title="Dictionary">dictionary</a> among works of the missionaries before his death in 1708.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_13" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-13"><span>[</span>14<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Jesuit_activity_in_China">Jesuit activity in China</span></h4> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Jesuit_China_missions" title="Jesuit China missions">Jesuit China missions</a></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__90" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="90">The <a href="/Jesuit_China_missions" title="Jesuit China missions">Jesuit China missions</a> of the 16th and 17th centuries introduced Western science and astronomy, then undergoing its own revolution, to China.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="90"><a href="#citable__90"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At the same time, however, Czech Jesuits also took part in the Societys world-wide missions in India, China, Latin America and the Philippines.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="90"><a href="#citable__90"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was built during the Turkish rule in the 16th century , then was turned into a church by the Jesuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com/">goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="90"><a href="#citable__90"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>From 1687 there was a special mission of the French Jesuits to Pekin, under their own superior; at the Suppression they numbered 23.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The scientific revolution brought by the Jesuits coincided with a time when scientific innovation had declined in China:</div> <a name="citable__183" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="183"><blockquote class="templatequote"> <div>[The Jesuits] made efforts to translate western mathematical and astronomical works into Chinese and aroused the interest of Chinese scholars in these sciences.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="183"><a href="#citable__183"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Father Coyne is a Jesuit priest as well as a formally trained > > astronomer > > > and astrophysicist, and this combination has made him one of the > > > great ambassadors for the church to the world of science.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Jesuit priest looks at "the fertile cosmos" - talk.origins | Google Groups </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.google.com/group/talk.origins/browse_thread/thread/837250a56e955565">groups.google.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="183"><a href="#citable__183"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Father Coyne is a Jesuit priest as well as a formally trained astronomer > > and astrophysicist, and this combination has made him one of the great > > ambassadors for the church to the world of science.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Jesuit priest looks at "the fertile cosmos" - talk.origins | Google Groups </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.google.com/group/talk.origins/browse_thread/thread/837250a56e955565">groups.google.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="183"><a href="#citable__183"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Translated into everyday language, Jesuit casuistry might thus be described simply as the art of the most cunningly-disguised double-talk.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>EIPS - The Jesuits and their Strategy to destroy Britain</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?artkey=jesuits">www.ianpaisley.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__260" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="260">They made very extensive astronomical observation and carried out the first modern cartographic work in China.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="260"><a href="#citable__260"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They have carried everything out.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="260"><a href="#citable__260"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In fact, they saw themselves as God's vicars on Earth, and the leader they chose to carry out God's plan was the Caliph.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="260"><a href="#citable__260"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At first they worked in a factory producing the window handles and door locks, operating presses, welding plants, sanders etc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__360" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="360">They also learned to appreciate the scientific achievements of this ancient culture and made them known in Europe.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="360"><a href="#citable__360"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When people criticize atheists, they don't give much attention to the cultural and scientific achievements of non-believers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Message of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://personman.com/the-message-of-jesus">personman.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="360"><a href="#citable__360"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Remember, too, that they were very actively involved in politics and made it their main object to check the progress of Reformation ideas in the Courts of Europe.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>EIPS - The Jesuits and their Strategy to destroy Britain</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?artkey=jesuits">www.ianpaisley.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="360"><a href="#citable__360"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Italy , during the first two centuries of the Society was still the most cultured country in Europe , and the Italian Jesuits enjoyed a high reputation for learning and letters.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Through their correspondence European scientists first learned about the Chinese science and culture.</div> <div class="templatequotecite">—Agustín Udías, <cite><sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Udias_14_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Udias-14"><span>[</span>15<span>]</span></a></sup></cite></div> </blockquote> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__9" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="9">Conversely, the Jesuits were very active in transmitting Chinese knowledge and philosophy to Europe.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="9"><a href="#citable__9"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Remember, too, that they were very actively involved in politics and made it their main object to check the progress of Reformation ideas in the Courts of Europe.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>EIPS - The Jesuits and their Strategy to destroy Britain</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?artkey=jesuits">www.ianpaisley.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="9"><a href="#citable__9"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For example, "We were a group of very active Jesuits and we plunged into a social action, but without the support of factual analysis and critical reflection in common."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Characteristics of the Social Apostolate of the Society of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jezuici.pl/iss/soapsj/soapsj3.htm">www.jezuici.pl</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="9"><a href="#citable__9"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The goal of the Peking mission was the conversion of the emperor, but the Jesuits never found their Chinese Constantine.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__119" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="119"><a href="/Confucius" title="Confucius">Confucius</a>'s works were translated into European languages through the agency of Jesuit scholars stationed in China.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="119"><a href="#citable__119"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was translated into many different languages.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="119"><a href="#citable__119"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Through the Spiritual Exercises the Ignatian charism has always extended deeply into the lives of the laity who became as enthused about the Jesuit schools as the Jesuits were.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="119"><a href="#citable__119"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Establishment of modern national seismological networks and research institutions has made their work no longer necessary and explains the closing of many Jesuit stations.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>SSA - The Jesuit Contribution to Seismology</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.seismosoc.org/inside/eastern-section/ES_Jesuits.php">www.seismosoc.org</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <table align="center"> <tr> <td> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/8/2/5/7962783696296101.jpg" width="220" height="196" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Jesuits in <a href="/Jesuit_China_missions" title="Jesuit China missions">China</a>.</div> </div> </div> </td> <td> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:222px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/11/3/4/9/4605943261168392.jpg" width="220" height="188" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> "Life and works of <a href="/Confucius" title="Confucius">Confucius</a>, by Prospero Intorcetta, 1687.</div> </div> </div> </td> </tr> </table> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__363" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="363"><a href="/Matteo_Ricci" title="Matteo Ricci">Matteo Ricci</a> started to report on the thoughts of Confucius, and father Prospero Intorcetta published the life and works of Confucius into <a href="/Latin" title="Latin">Latin</a> in 1687.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Parker_15_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Parker-15"><span>[</span>16<span>]</span></a></sup> It is thought that such works had considerable importance on European thinkers of the period, particularly among the <a href="/Deists" title="Deists" class="mw-redirect">Deists</a> and other philosophical groups of the <a href="/Age_of_Enlightenment" title="Age of Enlightenment">Enlightenment</a> who were interested by the integration of the system of morality of Confucius into <a href="/Christianity" title="Christianity">Christianity</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="363"><a href="#citable__363"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After this brief history of the life and work of the Jesuits in the Czech regions we are coming to the period of persecution under communist totalitarianism.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="363"><a href="#citable__363"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Next year, the British Jesuits will be celebrating the centenary of the start of their work there; and Jesuits & Friends will be publishing three articles to mark the milestone.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="363"><a href="#citable__363"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Of the life of Jesuits and other interned religious in Osek, we know that they kept the house and worked in the garden and on the farm and that the joinery machines from all the religious houses, including Jesuit ones, were taken there and the production of special windows and doors, especially for castles and other places of interest, was started.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Parker_15_1" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Parker-15"><span>[</span>16<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Hobson_16_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Hobson-16"><span>[</span>17<span>]</span></a></sup> Two well known examples are:</div> <a name="citable__13" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="13"><ul> <li>The French <a href="/Physiocrat" title="Physiocrat" class="mw-redirect">physiocrat</a> <a href="/Fran%C3%A7ois_Quesnay" title="François Quesnay">François Quesnay</a>, founder of modern economics, and a forerunner of <a href="/Adam_Smith" title="Adam Smith">Adam Smith</a> was in his lifetime known as "the European Confucius".<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Parker_15_2" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Parker-15"><span>[</span>16<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_tax_17_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-tax-17"><span>[</span>18<span>]</span></a></sup> The doctrine and even the name of "<a href="/Laissez-faire" title="Laissez-faire">Laissez-faire</a>" may have been inspired by the Chinese concept of <a href="/Wu_wei" title="Wu wei">Wu wei</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="13"><a href="#citable__13"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It may have been so; but even if so, "John" would not be understood by a Gnostic to be the name of one single historical character.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Hymn of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gnosis.org/library/grs-mead/grsm_hymnofjesus.htm">gnosis.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="13"><a href="#citable__13"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They may not have known that this Jesus was the Messiah, but they did know that God's name, and Jesus' name is the same name.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The second person of the Trinity is YHWH - Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cynet.com/jesus/PROPHECY/Jesus.htm">www.cynet.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="13"><a href="#citable__13"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Montesquieu, Rousseau, d'Holbach, Helvétius, even Hume, Adam Ferguson and Adam Smith).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Illuminati Conspiracy Part Two: Sniffing out Jesuits | Terry Melanson </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.conspiracyarchive.com/Articles/Illuminati_Conspiracy_2.htm">www.conspiracyarchive.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Gerlach_18_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Gerlach-18"><span>[</span>19<span>]</span></a></sup><sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Hobson_2_19_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Hobson_2-19"><span>[</span>20<span>]</span></a></sup></li> <li><a href="/Goethe" title="Goethe" class="mw-redirect">Goethe</a> was known as "the Confucius of <a href="/Weimar" title="Weimar">Weimar</a>".<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Huanyin_20_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Huanyin-20"><span>[</span>21<span>]</span></a></sup></li> </ul> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Suppression_and_restoration">Suppression and restoration</span></h3> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/Suppression_of_the_Jesuits" title="Suppression of the Jesuits" class="mw-redirect">Suppression of the Jesuits</a></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__377" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="377">The Suppression of the Jesuits in <a href="/Portugal" title="Portugal">Portugal</a>, <a href="/France" title="France">France</a>, the <a href="/Two_Sicilies" title="Two Sicilies" class="mw-redirect">Two Sicilies</a>, <a href="/Duchy_of_Parma" title="Duchy of Parma">Parma</a> and the <a href="/Spanish_Empire" title="Spanish Empire">Spanish Empire</a> by 1767 was troubling to the Society's defender, <a href="/Pope_Clement_XIII" title="Pope Clement XIII">Pope Clement XIII</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="377"><a href="#citable__377"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Among them, one of the most significant is that of Clement XIII , dated 7 January, 1765, which specially mentions the cordial relations of the Society with bishops throughout the world, precisely when enemies were plotting for the suppression of the order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Jesuit Apologetic</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14103a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="377"><a href="#citable__377"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The German Jesuit Jacob Keller was believed (though proof of authorship is altogether wanting) to have written two strong pamphlets, "Mysteria politica", and "Admonitio ad Ludovicum XIII", against France .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="377"><a href="#citable__377"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The situation was so scandalous that a letter from Clement to the Bishop of Warmie (an ex-Jesuit) was published, and in this letter Clement was represented as approving the existence of the Society in Russia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__82" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="82">A decree signed under secular pressure by <a href="/Pope_Clement_XIV" title="Pope Clement XIV">Pope Clement XIV</a> in July 1773 suppressed the Order.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="82"><a href="#citable__82"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Order was then suppressed by Pope Clement XIV for which he was promptly poisoned.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="82"><a href="#citable__82"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Clement XIV's Suppression is one example.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="82"><a href="#citable__82"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The order was suppressed 21 July 1773 by Pope Clement IV (for which he was promptly poisoned); continued to exist under other names i.e.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__64" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="64">The suppression was carried out in all countries except <a href="/Prussia" title="Prussia">Prussia</a> and <a href="/Russia" title="Russia">Russia</a>, where <a href="/Catherine_the_Great" title="Catherine the Great" class="mw-redirect">Catherine the Great</a> had forbidden the <a href="/Pope" title="Pope">papal</a> decree to be executed.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="64"><a href="#citable__64"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The appearance of his papal persona in all major countries and many minor ones would be the means of reestablishing that authority.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: The Jesuits (9780671657161): Malachi Martin: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Jesuits-Malachi-Martin/dp/067165716X">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="64"><a href="#citable__64"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So, the purpose of the Cold War was to kill millions of these heretic, orthodox Buddhists, and to install in their country dictators that will carry out the Inquisition, who are loyal to the Pope.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="64"><a href="#citable__64"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The priests of the Province carried out many popular missions in the country parishes.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__249" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="249">Because millions of Catholics (including many Jesuits) lived in the Polish western provinces of the Russian Empire, the Society was able to maintain its existence and carry on its work all through the period of suppression.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="249"><a href="#citable__249"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>All our periodicals were gradually suppressed.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="249"><a href="#citable__249"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Eques a Lilie Convallium, Director of the 7th Province of the Strict Observance, arrived at the conviction that the Jesuits had invented Templar Freemasonry, first to support the cause of Catholic Stuarts, then, after the suppression of the Order, to maintain secrecy and combat Protestantism.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Illuminati Conspiracy Part Two: Sniffing out Jesuits | Terry Melanson </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.conspiracyarchive.com/Articles/Illuminati_Conspiracy_2.htm">www.conspiracyarchive.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="249"><a href="#citable__249"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The unusual method of promulgation of the brief of suppression, wherein each bishop had to proclaim it to all Jesuits within his jurisdiction, caused perplexing canonical difficulties.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__390" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="390">Subsequently, <a href="/Pope_Pius_VI" title="Pope Pius VI">Pope Pius VI</a> would grant formal permission for the continuation of the Society in Russia and Poland.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="390"><a href="#citable__390"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If the members of the Society continue as they have begun, God grant that the time may not come when kings will wish to resist them, and will find no means of doing so."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="390"><a href="#citable__390"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If the members of the Society continue as they have begun, God grant that the time may not come when kings will wish to resist them, but will not have the means of doing so.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Diabolical History of The Society of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/vatican/esp_vatican21.htm">www.bibliotecapleyades.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="390"><a href="#citable__390"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuits had been able to ignore Paul VI and john Paul I. Why should they heed John Paul II? Jesuits would simply have to hold on and outlive this Pope, as they had the previous two.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: The Jesuits (9780671657161): Malachi Martin: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Jesuits-Malachi-Martin/dp/067165716X">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__269" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="269">Based on that permission, <a href="/Stanislaus_Czerniewicz" title="Stanislaus Czerniewicz">Stanislaus Czerniewicz</a> was elected superior of the Society in 1782. <a href="/Pope_Pius_VII" title="Pope Pius VII">Pope Pius VII</a> during his captivity in France, had resolved to restore the Jesuits universally; and after his return to Rome he did so with little delay: on 7 August 1814, by the bull <em><a href="/Sollicitudo_omnium_ecclesiarum" title="Sollicitudo omnium ecclesiarum">Sollicitudo omnium ecclesiarum</a></em>, he reversed the suppression of the Order and therewith, the then Superior in Russia, <a href="/Thaddeus_Brzozowski" title="Thaddeus Brzozowski" class="mw-redirect">Thaddeus Brzozowski</a>, who had been elected in 1805, acquired universal jurisdiction.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="269"><a href="#citable__269"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So, the Pope was in prison for 5 years until 1814, when he restored the Jesuit Order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="269"><a href="#citable__269"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuit order was reestablished (1814) by Pope Pius VII and resumed its work.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="269"><a href="#citable__269"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Society was restored 41 years later in 1814 by Pope Pius VII, who celebrated the feast of St. Ignatius by reading the bull Sollicitudo Omnium Ecclesiarum , revoking the Suppression, in the presence of 150 elderly members of the suppressed Society.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:352px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/2/4/2/695391482801303.jpg" width="350" height="237" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/Boston_College" title="Boston College">Boston College</a> is the home to one of the world's largest Jesuit communities</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__318" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="318">The period following the Restoration of the Jesuits in 1814 was marked by tremendous growth, as evidenced by the large number of Jesuit colleges and universities established in the 19th century.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="318"><a href="#citable__318"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Large numbers of them lived in community, on their joint pensions, awaiting the death of Clement XIV. and the restoration of the Society.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="318"><a href="#citable__318"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Odenbach sold the presidents of the colleges and universities and the American Jesuit Provincial Superiors on the idea.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>SSA - The Jesuit Contribution to Seismology</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.seismosoc.org/inside/eastern-section/ES_Jesuits.php">www.seismosoc.org</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="318"><a href="#citable__318"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>F229 .L6 The Spirit of Jesuit education [videorecording]: bicentennial reflections, Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities, produced by Frank Frost Productions, Inc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__234" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="234">In the <a href="/United_States" title="United States">United States</a>, 22 of the Society's 28 universities were founded or taken over by the Jesuits during this time.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="234"><a href="#citable__234"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Here in the United States the 28 Jesuit colleges and universities have over a million living graduates.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="234"><a href="#citable__234"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is also used at the Societys French seminary in Flavigny, the Brothers Novitiate in the Philippines, in United States Districts schools, and widely throughout Europe, especially in Italy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="234"><a href="#citable__234"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During the time of normalisation Jesuits were frequently interrogated.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__67" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="67">Some claim that the experience of suppression served to heighten <a href="/Orthodoxy" title="Orthodoxy">orthodoxy</a> among the Jesuits upon restoration.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="67"><a href="#citable__67"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As their numbers decreased, some of the missions were abandoned, or served for a time by other priests , but maintained by the revenues of the Jesuits properties even after the Restoration of the Society .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="67"><a href="#citable__67"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There were served by 2171 Jesuits at the time of the Suppression.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="67"><a href="#citable__67"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Pope then restored them with a Papal Bull, calling upon the vengeance of the Apostles Peter and Paul, blah, blah, blah, for anyone who would ever suppress the Jesuit Order ever again.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> While this claim is debatable, Jesuits were generally supportive of Papal authority within the Church, and some members were associated with the <a href="/Ultramontanist" title="Ultramontanist" class="mw-redirect">Ultramontanist</a> movement and the declaration of <a href="/Papal_Infallibility" title="Papal Infallibility" class="mw-redirect">Papal Infallibility</a> in 1870.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__263" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="263">In <a href="/Switzerland" title="Switzerland">Switzerland</a>, following the defeat of the <a href="/Ultramontanism" title="Ultramontanism">Ultramontanist</a> <a href="/Sonderbund" title="Sonderbund" class="mw-redirect">Sonderbund</a> by the other cantons, the <a href="/Swiss_Federal_Constitution" title="Swiss Federal Constitution">constitution</a> was modified and Jesuits were banished in 1848. The ban was lifted on 20 May 1973, when 54.9% of voters accepted a <a href="/Referendum" title="Referendum">referendum</a> modifying the Constitution.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="263"><a href="#citable__263"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Protestant Switzerland was the country that acted most decisively against them, and for longest, but even there the ban was lifted only very recently.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>EIPS - The Jesuits and their Strategy to destroy Britain</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?artkey=jesuits">www.ianpaisley.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="263"><a href="#citable__263"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuits and some other religious retired from the city, and the Senate, inspired by Paolo Sarpi , the disaffected friar, passed a decree of perpetual banishment against them.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="263"><a href="#citable__263"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuitical 3: Of Jesuits and Donatists « The American Catholic Says: Wednesday, May 20, 2009 A.D. at 5:40 am [...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuitical 2 « The American Catholic</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://the-american-catholic.com/2009/05/11/jesuitical-2/">the-american-catholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_21" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-21"><span>[</span>22<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">The 20th century witnessed both aspects of growth and decline. <a name="citable__57" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="57">Following a trend within the Catholic priesthood at large, Jesuit numbers peaked in the 1950s and have declined steadily since.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="57"><a href="#citable__57"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We find that from General Ricci downward the Jesuits intrigue or rebel wherever they have large local support and are not subject to a powerful Catholic monarch.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="57"><a href="#citable__57"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Despite being exiled from most European Catholic countries at one time or another, the Jesuits grew steadily in numbers during the next hundred years and peaked at 36,038 in 1964.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="57"><a href="#citable__57"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the end seven Jesuit priests and a lay-brother were executed, a large number of Jesuits, secular priests, and laymen were imprisoned, and a reign of terror fell upon the Catholic population.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__178" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="178">Meanwhile the number of Jesuit institutions has grown considerably, due in large part to a late 20th century focus on the establishment of Jesuit secondary schools in <a href="/Inner-city" title="Inner-city" class="mw-redirect">inner-city</a> areas and an increase in lay association with the order.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="178"><a href="#citable__178"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the span of his 65 years, Ignatius wrote the Spiritual Exercises , a thirty-day retreat of growing closer to Jesus Christ, founded the Society of Jesus, became the Jesuit order’s first Superior General and established schools and parishes.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="178"><a href="#citable__178"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The purpose of the Jesuit Order, formally established by the Pope in 1540, is to destroy the Protestant Reformation.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="178"><a href="#citable__178"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As we look back over the 20th century, we see how successful the Jesuits have been.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__308" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="308">Among the notable Jesuits of the 20th century, <a href="/John_Courtney_Murray" title="John Courtney Murray">John Courtney Murray</a>, SJ, was called one of the "architects of the <a href="/Second_Vatican_Council" title="Second Vatican Council">Second Vatican Council</a>" and drafted what eventually became the council's endorsement of religious freedom, <a href="http://www.vatican.va/archive/hist_councils/ii_vatican_council/documents/vat-ii_decl_19651207_dignitatis-humanae_en.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>Dignitatis Humanae Personae</em></a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="308"><a href="#citable__308"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>THE TRAJECTORY of the decline is not hard to trace, and the Jesuit story, though more dramatic, differs little from that of other progressive religious orders in the decades following the Second Vatican Council.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuitical 2 « The American Catholic</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://the-american-catholic.com/2009/05/11/jesuitical-2/">the-american-catholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="308"><a href="#citable__308"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Called the First Vatican Council (1869-70) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>POPE PIUS IX SOLVED HETEROSEXUAL DEVIANCY OF PRIESTS IN 1866 BY ESTABLISHING A SECRET SOCIETY OF BLESSED CREATURES WOMEN WHO HAD BEEN CONVINCED THAT HAVING SEX WITH PRIESTS AND BISHOPS WAS HOLY PURE BIBLICAL</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cuttingedge.org/news/n1763.cfm">www.cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="308"><a href="#citable__308"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As we look back over the 20th century, we see how successful the Jesuits have been.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_In_the_recent_years">In the recent years</span></h3> <div class="rellink boilerplate seealso">See also: <a href="/Jesuit_Cardinal" title="Jesuit Cardinal" class="mw-redirect">Jesuit Cardinal</a></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__294" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="294">In Latin America, Liberal Jesuits have had significant influence in the development of <a href="/Liberation_theology" title="Liberation theology">liberation theology</a>, a movement which has been highly controversial in the Catholic theological community and condemned by <a href="/Pope_John_Paul_II" title="Pope John Paul II">Pope John Paul II</a> on several fundamental aspects.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="294"><a href="#citable__294"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1987, he assisted with the visit of Pope John Paul II to Zimbabwe.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="294"><a href="#citable__294"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>John Paul II: 2005 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Sunday Mass readings (Jesus rejects no one / the Church described? / importance of baptism...) - Catholic Answers Forums</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://forums.catholic.com/showthread.php?t=414118&goto=newpost">forums.catholic.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="294"><a href="#citable__294"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>No matter what denomination you belong to, you will be forced to agree with Pope John Paul II that this is an unnecessary and immoral war.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Toward A Jesus Society </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://rmbowman.com/ssn/JesusSociety.htm">rmbowman.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__50" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="50">Under Superior General <a href="/Pedro_Arrupe" title="Pedro Arrupe">Pedro Arrupe</a>, <a href="/Social_justice" title="Social justice">social justice</a> and the preferential option for the poor emerged as dominant themes of the work of the Jesuits.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="50"><a href="#citable__50"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These supreme deliberative bodies are composed of representatives from every Jesuit Province and periodically meet to elect the Superior General and to legislate.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="50"><a href="#citable__50"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Copies are £7 each and can be bought from St Aloysius Church, 70 Hill Street, Glasgow G3 6PA. Celebrating the Centenary of St Aloysius Church, Glasgow When Fr Adolfo Nicolás SJ was the president of the East Asian Jesuit Conference prior to his election as Superior General, he initiated the work of translation of different essays on Fr Pedro Arrupe SJ which are found in the Curia archives.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="50"><a href="#citable__50"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After this brief history of the life and work of the Jesuits in the Czech regions we are coming to the period of persecution under communist totalitarianism.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__384" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="384">On November 16, 1989, six Jesuit priests (<a href="/Ignacio_Ellacuria" title="Ignacio Ellacuria" class="mw-redirect">Ignacio Ellacuria</a>, <a href="/Segundo_Montes" title="Segundo Montes">Segundo Montes</a>, <a href="/Ignacio_Martin-Baro" title="Ignacio Martin-Baro" class="mw-redirect">Ignacio Martin-Baro</a>, Joaquin López y López, Juan Ramon Moreno, and Amado López); their housekeeper, Elba Ramos; and her daughter, Celia Marisela Ramos, were murdered by the <a href="/El_Salvador" title="El Salvador">Salvadoran</a> military on the campus of the University of Central America in <a href="/San_Salvador" title="San Salvador">San Salvador</a>, <a href="/El_Salvador" title="El Salvador">El Salvador</a>, because they had been labeled as subversives by the government.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="384"><a href="#citable__384"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One recent example is the murder in 1989 by the El Salvador military of the six university Jesuits who were determined to promote justice and to spread the Ignatian vision, teaching love and concern for others, especially for the poor and those whom the unjust structures of society keep oppressed and destitute.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="384"><a href="#citable__384"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As I said above twenty three Jesuits of the Czech Province were not interned because they were living abroad at the time of operation K. They were the first of all the Jesuit groups who worked abroadprofessors, missionaries or priests, who were preparing themselves for work in missions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="384"><a href="#citable__384"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Later, six other Jesuit priests were escorted from Bohosudov to eliv.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_22" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-22"><span>[</span>23<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__326" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="326">The assassinations galvanized the Society's peace and justice movements, including annual protests at the <a href="/Western_Hemisphere_Institute_for_Security_Cooperation" title="Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation">Western Hemisphere Institute for Security Cooperation</a> at <a href="/Fort_Benning,_Georgia" title="Fort Benning, Georgia" class="mw-redirect">Fort Benning</a>, <a href="/Georgia_(U.S._state)" title="Georgia (U.S. state)">Georgia</a>, <a href="/United_States" title="United States">United States</a>, where the assassins were trained under US government sponsorship.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="326"><a href="#citable__326"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Strengthen us as we stand for peace and justice.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General Board of Church and Society </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gbcs.podbean.com/">gbcs.podbean.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="326"><a href="#citable__326"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is also used at the Societys French seminary in Flavigny, the Brothers Novitiate in the Philippines, in United States Districts schools, and widely throughout Europe, especially in Italy.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="326"><a href="#citable__326"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hunt had been part of it, and that evidence, so painstakingly presented, should now be examined by the relevant institutions of the United States Government, so that those responsible for the assassination might be brought to justice.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup class="Template-Fact" title="This claim needs references to reliable sources from July 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<em>citation needed</em>]</sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__226" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="226">On February 21, 2001, Father <a href="/Avery_Dulles" title="Avery Dulles">Avery Dulles</a>, SJ, an internationally known author, lecturer and theologian, was created a Cardinal of the Catholic Church by Pope John Paul II. The son of former Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, Cardinal Dulles was long known for his carefully reasoned argumentation and fidelity to the teaching office of the Church.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="226"><a href="#citable__226"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Phelps: Avery Dulles is the son of John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State, I believe, under Eisenhower.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="226"><a href="#citable__226"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As Catholics, do we have to accept everything the Church teaches?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="226"><a href="#citable__226"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Catholic Church which became known for education.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__160" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="160">An author of 22 books and over 700 theological articles, Cardinal Dulles died on December 12, 2008 at Fordham University, where he taught for twenty years as the Laurence J. McGinley Professor of Religion and Society.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="160"><a href="#citable__160"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>December 12, 2008 .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="160"><a href="#citable__160"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some of them waited for priesthood till 1971, that is twenty-two years from their entry into the Society of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="160"><a href="#citable__160"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This correspondence was then published by the Jesuits, and the professors of the Douai University were expelled and replaced by members of the Society.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__283" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="283">He was, at his passing, one of ten Jesuit cardinals in the Catholic Church.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="283"><a href="#citable__283"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The only one, I believe, they didnt kill was a priest, whose name was Gabriel, who was a decent and a righteous Catholic priest who repudiated the Jesuit Order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="283"><a href="#citable__283"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Father Coyne is a Jesuit priest as well as a formally trained > > astronomer > > > and astrophysicist, and this combination has made him one of the > > > great ambassadors for the church to the world of science.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Jesuit priest looks at "the fertile cosmos" - talk.origins | Google Groups </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.google.com/group/talk.origins/browse_thread/thread/837250a56e955565">groups.google.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="283"><a href="#citable__283"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In my area, it's the Protestant churches, not the Catholic, ones that are advertising this movie.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Why Jews Don't Believe In Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.aish.com/jw/s/48892792.html">www.aish.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">In 2002, <a href="/Boston_College" title="Boston College">Boston College</a> president Father <a href="/William_P._Leahy" title="William P. Leahy">William P. Leahy</a>, SJ, initiated the <a href="/Church_in_the_21st_Century" title="Church in the 21st Century">Church in the 21st Century</a> program as a means of moving the Church "from crisis to renewal." The initiative has provided the Society with a platform for examining issues brought about by the worldwide <a href="/Roman_Catholic_sex_abuse_cases" title="Roman Catholic sex abuse cases" class="mw-redirect">Roman Catholic sex abuse cases</a>, including the <a href="/Priesthood" title="Priesthood" class="mw-redirect">priesthood</a>, <a href="/Celibacy" title="Celibacy">celibacy</a>, <a href="/Human_sexuality" title="Human sexuality">sexuality</a>, women's roles, and the role of the <a href="/Laity" title="Laity">laity</a>.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">On January 6, 2005, Fr. <a href="/Peter_Hans_Kolvenbach" title="Peter Hans Kolvenbach">Peter Hans Kolvenbach</a>, on the occasion of the Jubilee Year, wrote that the Jesuits "should truly profit from the jubilee year to examine our way of life and taking the means to live more profoundly the charisms received from our Founders."<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_23" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-23"><span>[</span>24<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__254" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="254">In April 2005, <a href="/Thomas_J._Reese" title="Thomas J. Reese">Thomas J. Reese</a>, SJ, editor of the <a href="/United_States" title="United States">American</a> Jesuit weekly magazine <em><a href="/America_(magazine)" title="America (magazine)">America</a></em>, resigned at the request of the Society.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="254"><a href="#citable__254"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>America The Jesuit national weekly magazine.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Research Guides: Jesuit Studies</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.library.fordham.edu/researchguides/jesuits.html">www.library.fordham.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="254"><a href="#citable__254"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuits have had a special relation with the Seismological Society of America.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>SSA - The Jesuit Contribution to Seismology</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.seismosoc.org/inside/eastern-section/ES_Jesuits.php">www.seismosoc.org</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="254"><a href="#citable__254"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The editors from the Czech Province worked on the Czech Catholic magazines Nedletdenk pro obecn lid (Sundaya weekly for laypeople) and Dorostasopis pro mlde (Youtha magazine for young people).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__142" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="142">The move was widely published in the media as the result of pressure from the Vatican, following years of criticism by the <a href="/Congregation_for_the_Doctrine_of_the_Faith" title="Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith">Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith</a> on articles touching subjects such as <a href="/AIDS" title="AIDS">HIV/AIDS</a>, <a href="/Religious_pluralism" title="Religious pluralism">religious pluralism</a>, <a href="/Homosexuality" title="Homosexuality">homosexuality</a> and the right of life for the unborn.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="142"><a href="#citable__142"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There was a very wide circulation of such religious romances in the second .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Hymn of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gnosis.org/library/grs-mead/grsm_hymnofjesus.htm">gnosis.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="142"><a href="#citable__142"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The endeavours of the Anti-reformists group to shake the evangelical faith and doctrines of the Mar Thoma Church yielded results.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.indianchristianity.org/evan.html">www.indianchristianity.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="142"><a href="#citable__142"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Yet, if we want to be faithful to the real Jesus, not to mention to the Scripture, then we cant simply assume that homosexual activity is right.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__144" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="144">Following his resignation, Reese spent a year-long <a href="/Sabbatical" title="Sabbatical">sabbatical</a> at <a href="/Santa_Clara_University" title="Santa Clara University">Santa Clara University</a> before being named a <a href="/Fellow" title="Fellow">fellow</a> at the <a href="/Woodstock_Theological_Center" title="Woodstock Theological Center">Woodstock Theological Center</a> in <a href="/Washington,_D.C." title="Washington, D.C.">Washington, D.C.</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="144"><a href="#citable__144"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Before the name of Jehovah's Witnesses was established the followers of Russell's teachings were known as Russellites and Millennial Dawnist.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Secrets of the Watchtower Bible and Tract Society aka Jehovahs Witnesses</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/dirtywatchtowersecrets.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="144"><a href="#citable__144"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This was speaking about Cyrus, whom God calls by name in Isaiah 44, one hundred and fifty years before his birth.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus Christ, the Lord of History</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gracevalley.org/sermon_trans/2002/Jesus_Christ_Lord_of_History.html">gracevalley.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="144"><a href="#citable__144"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In effect, though peace was made ere long with the pope , it was fifty years before the Society could return.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:272px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/05/1/0/6/92512331517196865.jpg" width="270" height="203" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Visit of <a href="/Benedict_XVI" title="Benedict XVI" class="mw-redirect">Benedict XVI</a> to the <a href="/Pontifical_Gregorian_University" title="Pontifical Gregorian University">Pontifical Gregorian University</a>, "one of the greatest services the Society of Jesus carries out for the universal Church."</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">On February 2, 2006, Fr. Peter Hans Kolvenbach informed members of the Society of Jesus, that, with the consent of <a href="/Pope_Benedict_XVI" title="Pope Benedict XVI">Pope Benedict XVI</a>, he intended to step down as Superior General in 2008, the year he would turn 80.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__162" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="162">On April 22, 2006, Feast of Our Lady, Mother of the Society of Jesus, Pope Benedict XVI greeted thousands of Jesuits on pilgrimage to Rome, and took the opportunity to thank God "for having granted to your Company the gift of men of extraordinary sanctity and of exceptional apostolic zeal such as St Ignatius of Loyola, St Francis Xavier and Bl Peter Faber."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="162"><a href="#citable__162"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ignatius sending Francis Xavier to the Orient .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="162"><a href="#citable__162"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>That was what St. Ignatius had in mind in founding the Company of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="162"><a href="#citable__162"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Society of Jesus is a religious order founded by Saint Ignatius Loyola.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__3" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="3">He said "St Ignatius of Loyola was above all a man of God, who gave the first place of his life to God, to his greater glory and his greater service.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="3"><a href="#citable__3"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For the true God is Creator and Sustainer, the Holy One who wills that all have life and have it abundantly, the one who invites all to dwell as sister and brother in the Kingdom of God underneath the Light of the Lamb.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>A Jesuit's Journey</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://ryandunssj.blogspot.com/">ryandunssj.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="3"><a href="#citable__3"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Christian life is a glorious celebration of these truths, that God chose us, God showed compassion upon us, God settles us in his country, God gave us possession of nations, God made our captors are our captives, God gave us rest, and God gave us a song.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus Christ, the Lord of History</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gracevalley.org/sermon_trans/2002/Jesus_Christ_Lord_of_History.html">gracevalley.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="3"><a href="#citable__3"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Lord Jesus Christ opposes all such pride and will put down all arrogant individuals, nations, and groups of nations who stand against God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus Christ, the Lord of History</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gracevalley.org/sermon_trans/2002/Jesus_Christ_Lord_of_History.html">gracevalley.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> He was a man of profound prayer, which found its center and its culmination in the daily Eucharistic Celebration."<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_HF1_24_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-HF1-24"><span>[</span>25<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__203" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="203">In May 2006, Benedict XVI also wrote a letter to Superior General Peter Hans Kolvenbach on the occasion of the 50<sup>th</sup> anniversary of Pope Pius XII's encyclical <em><a href="/Haurietis_aquas" title="Haurietis aquas" class="mw-redirect">Haurietis aquas</a></em>, on devotion to the Sacred Heart, because the Jesuits have always been "extremely active in the promotion of this essential devotion".<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_HF3_25_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-HF3-25"><span>[</span>26<span>]</span></a></sup> In his November 3, 2006 visit to the <a href="/Pontifical_Gregorian_University" title="Pontifical Gregorian University">Pontifical Gregorian University</a>, Benedict XVI cited the university as "one of the greatest services that the Society of Jesus carries out for the universal Church".<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_HF2_26_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-HF2-26"><span>[</span>27<span>]</span></a></sup> The 35th General Congregation of the Society of Jesus convened on 5 January 2008 and elected Fr.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="203"><a href="#citable__203"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Pope Pius XII (1876-1958) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="203"><a href="#citable__203"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit general congregation at the Vatican in 2008.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="203"><a href="#citable__203"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Phelps: Because the Jesuits have always wanted that.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a href="/Adolfo_Nicol%C3%A1s" title="Adolfo Nicolás">Adolfo Nicolás</a> as the new Superior General on 19 January 2008. A month after, the Pope received members of the General Congregation and urged them to "to continue on the path of this mission in full fidelity to your original charism" and asked them to reflect so as "to rediscover the fullest meaning of your characteristic 'fourth vow' of obedience to the Successor of Peter." For this, he told them to "adhere totally to the Word of God and to the Magisterium's task of preserving the integral truth and unity of Catholic doctrine." <a name="citable__35" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="35">This clear identity, according to the Pope, is important so that "many others may share in your ideals and join you effectively and enthusiastically."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="35"><a href="#citable__35"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You may send your support to: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="35"><a href="#citable__35"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Thank you for sharing your knowledge!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Why Jews Don't Believe In Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.aish.com/jw/s/48892792.html">www.aish.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="35"><a href="#citable__35"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You may build an addition - many additions!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>A Jesuit's Journey</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://ryandunssj.blogspot.com/">ryandunssj.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_HF_GC_27_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-HF-GC-27"><span>[</span>28<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__222" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="222">The Congregation responded with a formal declaration titled "With New Fervor and Dynamism, the Society of Jesus Responds to the Call of Benedict XVI," whereby they confirmed the Society's fidelity to the Pope.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="222"><a href="#citable__222"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Don't call Jesus thick, you are the one who claims someone the atheists cite as ONE OF THE PEOPLE they cite as blasphemous, doesn't exist!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Doubt raised over veracity of Atheist anti-blasphemy campaign! 8^o Re: Atheists side with the Pharisees against Jesus, claiming he existed, and was blasphemous! 8^o - soc.culture.irish | Google Groups </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.google.com/group/soc.culture.irish/browse_thread/thread/53334c080b402924/a3b432b4cf6ed525?show_docid=a3b432b4cf6ed525">groups.google.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="222"><a href="#citable__222"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When they uttered their belief that Jesus could only perform His many miracles because He was an Adept in a secret society, Jesus declared they were guilty of an Unpardonable Sin.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN ANCIENT SECRET SOCIETY KILLED JESUS CHRIST </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://cuttingedge.org/news/n2032.cfm">cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="222"><a href="#citable__222"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Early in the new decade, Father General hopes to promulgate a definitive edition of the Characteristics of the Social Apostolate of the Society of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Characteristics of the Social Apostolate of the Society of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jezuici.pl/iss/soapsj/soapsj3.htm">www.jezuici.pl</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_28" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-28"><span>[</span>29<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Ignatian_spirituality">Ignatian spirituality</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__40" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="40">Like all Catholic spirituality, the spirituality practiced by the Jesuits, called Ignatian spirituality, is based on the Catholic faith and the gospels.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="40"><a href="#citable__40"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Sometimes when I share my Catholic faith with people, they mention to me that Catholics like to drink alcohol and how wrong that is.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="40"><a href="#citable__40"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Quite often Catholics get frustrated by what I call the doctrinal dance...you get asked about Purgatory, Mary, the Pope, the Sacraments all in rapid fire succession.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="40"><a href="#citable__40"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First of all I would like to mention the unofficial Jesuit literature.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Aside from the "Constitutions," "The Letters," and "Autobiography," Ignatian spirituality draws most specially from St. Ignatius' "<a href="/Spiritual_Exercises_of_Ignatius_of_Loyola" title="Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola">Spiritual Exercises</a>," whose purpose is "to conquer oneself and to regulate one's life in such a way that no decision is made under the influence of any inordinate attachment." In other words, the Exercises are intended, in Ignatius' view, to give the exercitant (the person undertaking them) a greater degree of freedom from his or her own likes, dislikes, comforts, wants, needs, drives, appetites and passions that they may choose based solely on what they discern God's will is for them.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__69" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="69">In the words of former Jesuit Superior General, Peter Hans Kolvenbach, the Exercises try to "unite two apparently incompatible realities: <em>exercises</em> and <em>spiritual.</em>" It invites to "unlimited generosity" in contemplating God, yet going down to the level of many details.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="69"><a href="#citable__69"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit spirituality in general (other languages) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Subject Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.unigre.it/newbiblio/subject_jesuits.html">www.unigre.it</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="69"><a href="#citable__69"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit spirituality in general (Spanish) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Subject Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.unigre.it/newbiblio/subject_jesuits.html">www.unigre.it</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="69"><a href="#citable__69"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit spirituality in general (Portuguese) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Subject Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.unigre.it/newbiblio/subject_jesuits.html">www.unigre.it</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_29" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-29"><span>[</span>30<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__77" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="77">Ignatian spirituality can be described as an active attentiveness united with a prompt responsiveness to God, who is ever active in people's lives.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="77"><a href="#citable__77"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There Jesus is described as a merciful high priest who makes expiation for the people's sins.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Warfare and the Ethics of Jesus Christ</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wcg.org/lit/ethics/War03.htm">www.wcg.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="77"><a href="#citable__77"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>How many people have we spoken to who did not want God at all!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus Christ, the Lord of History</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gracevalley.org/sermon_trans/2002/Jesus_Christ_Lord_of_History.html">gracevalley.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="77"><a href="#citable__77"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As Christians experienced in Ignatian spirituality and as Jesuits, we seek to live contemplatively, continually in the presence of the Lord in our lives and work.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Characteristics of the Social Apostolate of the Society of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jezuici.pl/iss/soapsj/soapsj3.htm">www.jezuici.pl</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__388" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="388">Though it includes many forms of prayer, discernment, and apostolic service, it is the interior dispositions of attentiveness and responsiveness that are ultimately crucial.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="388"><a href="#citable__388"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This service aspect of our retreats took many forms.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="388"><a href="#citable__388"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some of "the many and great difficulties" faced by the Jesuit social apostolate over the years are not to be overcome or resolved once and for all, but are rather to be subjected to continuous dialogue and discernment.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Characteristics of the Social Apostolate of the Society of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jezuici.pl/iss/soapsj/soapsj3.htm">www.jezuici.pl</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="388"><a href="#citable__388"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"Through individual and communal apostolic discernment, lived in obedience, Jesuits take responsibility for their apostolic decisions in today's world.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Characteristics of the Social Apostolate of the Society of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jezuici.pl/iss/soapsj/soapsj3.htm">www.jezuici.pl</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__288" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="288">The result is that Ignatian spirituality has a remarkable 'nowness,' both in its attentiveness to God and in its desire to respond to what God is asking of the person now.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="288"><a href="#citable__288"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Rather, it is a discipline by which a person might bring his or her life in line with Gods desires.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="288"><a href="#citable__288"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If you have accepted Jesus Christ as your personal Savior, but have been very lukewarm in your spiritual walk with Him, you need to immediately ask Him for forgiveness and for renewal.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN ANCIENT SECRET SOCIETY KILLED JESUS CHRIST </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://cuttingedge.org/news/n2032.cfm">cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>POPE PIUS IX SOLVED HETEROSEXUAL DEVIANCY OF PRIESTS IN 1866 BY ESTABLISHING A SECRET SOCIETY OF BLESSED CREATURES WOMEN WHO HAD BEEN CONVINCED THAT HAVING SEX WITH PRIESTS AND BISHOPS WAS HOLY PURE BIBLICAL</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cuttingedge.org/news/n1763.cfm">www.cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="288"><a href="#citable__288"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ignatian discernment of spirits means a combined spiritual attention to the outer situation and the inner motions of consolation and desolation, in order to find what the Lord is asking.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Characteristics of the Social Apostolate of the Society of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jezuici.pl/iss/soapsj/soapsj3.htm">www.jezuici.pl</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_30" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-30"><span>[</span>31<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">The Ignatian ideal has the following characteristics:<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_31" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-31"><span>[</span>32<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong><a href="/Ad_maiorem_Dei_gloriam" title="Ad maiorem Dei gloriam">God's greater glory</a>:</strong> St Ignatius of Loyola—"a man who gave the first place of his life to God" says <a href="/Benedict_XVI" title="Benedict XVI" class="mw-redirect">Benedict XVI</a>—stressed that "Man is created to praise, reverence, and serve God Our Lord and by this means to save his soul." This is the "First Principle and Foundation" of the Exercises. <a name="citable__121" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="121">Ignatius declares: "The goal of our life is to live with God forever.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="121"><a href="#citable__121"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The ultimate book on aliens, UFOs, ancient religions and the place of God in our life!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>legends</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.internationalnewsagency.org/legends2.htm">www.internationalnewsagency.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="121"><a href="#citable__121"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Yet the good news is that God can set us free from our love of things so that we might live truly and freely under his gracious reign.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="121"><a href="#citable__121"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But our God declares the end from the beginning and sees all things at one view.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus Christ, the Lord of History</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gracevalley.org/sermon_trans/2002/Jesus_Christ_Lord_of_History.html">gracevalley.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__330" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="330">God who loves us, gave us life.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="330"><a href="#citable__330"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>May she enjoy eternal life in the presence of the God she loved and served so well.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="330"><a href="#citable__330"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In fine, that the Society afterwards can yet count upon the favor and authority of the princes, procuring THAT THOSE WHO DO NOT LOVE US SHALL FEAR US. .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Secret Instructions of the Society of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.infidels.org/library/historical/unknown/society_of_jesus_secrets.html">www.infidels.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="330"><a href="#citable__330"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The problem is, with us, there are very few men who want to believe God anymore.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__250" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="250">Our own response of love allows God's life to flow into us without limit...</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="250"><a href="#citable__250"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She became like the God she loved and touched each of us with God’s love, as well as her own.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="250"><a href="#citable__250"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>May she enjoy eternal life in the presence of the God she loved and served so well.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="250"><a href="#citable__250"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Only when we face the true nature of our historical tragedies - and our own responsibility in it - can we begin to understand and heal our collective trauma.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__173" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="173">Our only desire and our one choice should be this: I want and I choose what better leads to the deepening of God's life in me."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="173"><a href="#citable__173"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Was some other change, especially in the external framework of one's life or the kind of future one envisioned for oneself, possible, desirable, and now to be made?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Companions of Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.faculty.fairfield.edu/jmac/sj/cj/cj1se.html">www.faculty.fairfield.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="173"><a href="#citable__173"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>How God acts > This leads to the second issue that I would like to discuss: how > precisely should we understand God's activity vis--vis the universe > that he brings into being?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Jesuit priest looks at "the fertile cosmos" - talk.origins | Google Groups </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.google.com/group/talk.origins/browse_thread/thread/837250a56e955565">groups.google.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="173"><a href="#citable__173"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Though it was Gods will that they should fill the earth, in their pride they said, "We do not want to do what God says.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus Christ, the Lord of History</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gracevalley.org/sermon_trans/2002/Jesus_Christ_Lord_of_History.html">gracevalley.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong>Union with Jesus:</strong> Ignatius emphasized an ardent love for the Saviour. <a name="citable__300" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="300">In his Exercises, he devoted the last weeks to the contemplation of Jesus: from infancy and public ministry, to his passion and lastly his risen life.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="300"><a href="#citable__300"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We're not exploring the mysteries of faith, but the mysteries of history, to piece together the last days and moments of Jesus' life.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The last days of Jesus - Dateline NBC- msnbc.com</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4315203/">www.msnbc.msn.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="300"><a href="#citable__300"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To these have been added further papers devoted to Ignatian themes: the Spiritual Exercises, the Society of Jesus, and characteristic features of Ignatian Spirituality.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="300"><a href="#citable__300"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>With his small band of followers, Jesus began his public ministry in the synagogues (Jewish gathering places) of Galilee (the region in which he was raised).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__140" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="140">The Spiritual Exercises, in 104, sum this up in a prayer: "Lord, grant that I may see thee more clearly, love thee more dearly, follow thee more nearly."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="140"><a href="#citable__140"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This in mind, we see more clearly that a full realization of human rights, for which we urge people also in the Islamic world, is a long process in any society.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="140"><a href="#citable__140"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By reviewing the law regarding punishment, we can see this even more clearly.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>In the Beginning God Created An Open Society</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.yuricareport.com/Dominionism/GodCreatedOpenSociety.html">www.yuricareport.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="140"><a href="#citable__140"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In this w ay well see more clearly exactly what inclusiveness means, and what it doesnt mean.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> There is a great emphasis on the emotions in Ignatius' methods, and a call for the person to be very sensitive to the emotional movements that shape them.<sup class="Template-Fact" title="This claim needs references to reliable sources from August 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<em>citation needed</em>]</sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong>Self-awareness:</strong> Ignatius recommends the twice-daily <em>examen</em> (examination). <a name="citable__58" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="58">This is a guided method of prayerfully reviewing the events of the day, to awaken one's inner sensitivity to one's <em>own</em> actions, desires, and spiritual state, through each moment reviewed.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="58"><a href="#citable__58"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Though we prefer to be in a state of consolation we have to recognise that this is not a spiritual state we can achieve by our own efforts; rather it is a gift given us by our gracious and loving God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="58"><a href="#citable__58"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We were led to this state by our Father Ignatius through his spiritual exercises but also through the directions of the Constitutions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="58"><a href="#citable__58"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If you look up "treason" in any dictionary, you will discover that the parameters of treason are taking action that is detrimental to one's own country.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>POPE PIUS IX SOLVED HETEROSEXUAL DEVIANCY OF PRIESTS IN 1866 BY ESTABLISHING A SECRET SOCIETY OF BLESSED CREATURES WOMEN WHO HAD BEEN CONVINCED THAT HAVING SEX WITH PRIESTS AND BISHOPS WAS HOLY PURE BIBLICAL</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cuttingedge.org/news/n1763.cfm">www.cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__367" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="367">The goals are to see where God is challenging the person to change and to growth, where God is calling the person to deeper reflection (especially apt when discerning if one has a Jesuit vocation in life), to where sinful or imperfect attitudes or blind spots are found.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="367"><a href="#citable__367"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was announced as a time of prayer and reflection for those discerning God’s call in their life.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="367"><a href="#citable__367"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But the Popes who dont obey, like, what was it, In Gods Name , the Pope who was murdered after 33 days, when he didnt go along with the Jesuit Order, they ended his life.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="367"><a href="#citable__367"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Obviously, how the language of discernment is used depends on each social apostolate group, and especially the Jesuits involved in it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Characteristics of the Social Apostolate of the Society of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jezuici.pl/iss/soapsj/soapsj3.htm">www.jezuici.pl</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__387" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="387">The general <em>examen</em>, often at the end of the day, is, as the name implies, a general review.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="387"><a href="#citable__387"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But the Popes who dont obey, like, what was it, In Gods Name , the Pope who was murdered after 33 days, when he didnt go along with the Jesuit Order, they ended his life.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__356" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="356">The particular <em>examen</em>, often in the middle of the day, focuses on a particular fault—identified by the person—to be worked upon in the course of some days or weeks.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="356"><a href="#citable__356"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Without a lot of work by Dubey and some Richardson parents, it might not be such a sunny day for the RISD. .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="356"><a href="#citable__356"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The roofing of course will have to be renewed some day as it is in bad shape.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits - Karnataka Province of the Society of Jesus, Institutions </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.children-of-bangalore.com/oba.htm">www.children-of-bangalore.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="356"><a href="#citable__356"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Seven weeks after Jesus was crucified, and only days after he ascended to heaven, the Holy Spirit was poured out upon the disciples, just as Jesus had promised.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__148" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="148"><strong>Spiritual direction:</strong> Meditation and contemplation, and for instance the aforementioned examen, are best guided, Ignatius says, by an experienced person.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="148"><a href="#citable__148"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I'm just saying that a response to the message of Jesus, Socrates, or Barack Obama should at least engage the best information we have about the person.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Message of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://personman.com/the-message-of-jesus">personman.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="148"><a href="#citable__148"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As Christians experienced in Ignatian spirituality and as Jesuits, we seek to live contemplatively, continually in the presence of the Lord in our lives and work.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Characteristics of the Social Apostolate of the Society of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jezuici.pl/iss/soapsj/soapsj3.htm">www.jezuici.pl</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="148"><a href="#citable__148"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We were led to this state by our Father Ignatius through his spiritual exercises but also through the directions of the Constitutions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__11" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="11">Jesuits, and those following Ignatian spirituality, meet with their spiritual director (traditionally a priest, though in recent years many laypersons have undertaken this role) on a regular basis (weekly or monthly) to discuss the fruits of their prayer life and be offered guidance.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="11"><a href="#citable__11"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I spent about 5 years under the spiritual direction of a Jesuit, 3 of those years in a weekly directed retreat in everyday life.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com/">goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="11"><a href="#citable__11"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A favorite prayer of Jesuits, it exemplifies the tradition of Ignatian spirituality.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="11"><a href="#citable__11"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A few years after pronouncing their vows on Montmartre, the first Jesuits drew the conclusion, "By experience we have learned that the path has many and great difficulties connected with it."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Characteristics of the Social Apostolate of the Society of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jezuici.pl/iss/soapsj/soapsj3.htm">www.jezuici.pl</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__169" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="169">Ignatius sees the director as someone who can rein in impulsiveness or excesses, goad the complacent, and keep people honest with themselves.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="169"><a href="#citable__169"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Don't call Jesus thick, you are the one who claims someone the atheists cite as ONE OF THE PEOPLE they cite as blasphemous, doesn't exist!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Doubt raised over veracity of Atheist anti-blasphemy campaign! 8^o Re: Atheists side with the Pharisees against Jesus, claiming he existed, and was blasphemous! 8^o - soc.culture.irish | Google Groups </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.google.com/group/soc.culture.irish/browse_thread/thread/53334c080b402924/a3b432b4cf6ed525?show_docid=a3b432b4cf6ed525">groups.google.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="169"><a href="#citable__169"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So, they use these Blacks in the North, who hate the White people, for their own destruction, for the destruction of the Black people themselves.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="169"><a href="#citable__169"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The people who hid and isolated themselves endangered their vocation.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__301" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="301">If the director is a priest, spiritual direction may or may not be connected with the Sacrament of Penance.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="301"><a href="#citable__301"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This Agreement does not cover your rights or responsibilities with respect to third party content or sites or any links that may direct your browser or your connection to third party sites or pages.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesus of Suburbia | SPIKE </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.spike.com/video/jesus-of-suburbia/2682403">www.spike.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="301"><a href="#citable__301"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Having lived as a Jesuit priest for many years he specialized in Spiritual ministries conducting Directed and preached Retreats to Sisters, priests and Bishops for several years.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com/">goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__256" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="256">Ignatius counseled frequent use of sacrament and while some directors see them as integrally linked, others hold them to be two separate relationships.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="256"><a href="#citable__256"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The two big volumes of January have been divided into three, and in the volumes of June also some changes have been made in the disposition of matter, in order to render the use of them easier to readers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="256"><a href="#citable__256"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>No man can serve two masters: for either he will hate the one, and love the other; or else he will hold to the one, and despise the other.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>In the Beginning God Created An Open Society</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.yuricareport.com/Dominionism/GodCreatedOpenSociety.html">www.yuricareport.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="256"><a href="#citable__256"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But, these are clearly two separate entities, so if one is Rome, then the other has to be another city - Jerusalem makes sense.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup class="Template-Fact" title="This claim needs references to reliable sources from December 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<em>citation needed</em>]</sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__267" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="267"><strong>Effective love:</strong> The founder of the Society of Jesus put effective love (love shown in deeds) above affective love (love based on nice feelings).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="267"><a href="#citable__267"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BX4700.F75 C54 The life of St. Ignatius, founder of the Society of Jesus, to which is prefixed a sketch of the Institute of the Jesuits, by a Catholic clergyman, by Dominique Bouhours.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="267"><a href="#citable__267"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Each certificate is inscribed with the name of the person being honored and is imprinted with a portrait of St. Ignatius of Loyola, founder of the Jesuits, and the seal of the California Province of the Society of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="267"><a href="#citable__267"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They begin putting together various documents, some antecedent to the Ratio Studiorum : the De Studiis Societatis Jesu , the Ordo Studiorum , and the Summa Sapientiae .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__110" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="110">He usually ended his most important letters with "I implore God to grant us all the grace to know His holy will and to accomplish it perfectly."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="110"><a href="#citable__110"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>O God, grant us peace.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General Board of Church and Society </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gbcs.podbean.com/">gbcs.podbean.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="110"><a href="#citable__110"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>God be with us all - and may we all be the people of God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Why Jews Don't Believe In Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.aish.com/jw/s/48892792.html">www.aish.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="110"><a href="#citable__110"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But in Peg’s love for us we received something of the “power to comprehend, with all the saints, what is this breadth and length and height and depth, and to know the love of Christ that surpasses knowledge.” When Peg smiled at us we felt God smiling on us.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__261" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="261">True and perfect love demands sacrifice, the abandonment of tastes and personal preferences, and the perfect renunciation of self.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="261"><a href="#citable__261"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Apart from showing great personal self-sacrifice we were also to be obedient to his wish: to wear the same clothes and to decorate ourselves with the same symbols as our Lord Jesus Christ.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="261"><a href="#citable__261"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is correct to say that Jesus reached out to a leper in love, and did so even with a costly personal sacrifice (of ritual cleanliness).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__95" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="95">This can be taken together with the prayer for generosity, which asks for teaching to be generous, to serve God as God deserves without counting any cost or seeking any reward except knowing that one is doing God's will.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="95"><a href="#citable__95"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The most successful criminal is the one that appears as "upholder of moral standards" serving "god" or even as "god" etc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus, Christ, debunking Jesus Christ, historicity of Jesus, fake resurrection, Atrott's Service</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bare-jesus.net/etricksindex.htm">www.bare-jesus.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="95"><a href="#citable__95"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Love to God in the sense of a positive affection was not counted indispensable, except at special eras or crises in one's moral career.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="95"><a href="#citable__95"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Does that mean that absolutely no one is seeking God?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong>Detachment:</strong> Where <a href="/Francis_of_Assisi" title="Francis of Assisi">Francis of Assisi</a>'s concept of poverty emphasized the spiritual benefits of simplicity and dependency, Ignatius emphasized detachment, or "indifference." For Ignatius, whether one was rich or poor, healthy or sick, in an assignment one enjoyed or one didn't, was comfortable in a culture or not, etc., should be a matter of spiritual indifference—a modern phrasing might put it as serene acceptance. <a name="citable__279" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="279">Hence, a Jesuit (or one following Ignatian spirituality), placed in a comfortable, wealthy neighborhood should continue to live the Gospel life without anxiety or possessiveness, and if plucked instantly from that situation to be placed in a poor area and subjected to hardships should simply cheerfully accept that as well, without a sense of loss or being deprived.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="279"><a href="#citable__279"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But what we do, we should do well without, of course, being extravagant.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits - Karnataka Province of the Society of Jesus, Institutions </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.children-of-bangalore.com/oba.htm">www.children-of-bangalore.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="279"><a href="#citable__279"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His "fellow-disciples and bishops" had apparently urged him to write a Gospel, but John hesitated to accept the responsibility, and proposed that they should all fast together for three days, and tell one another if anything was revealed to them.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Hymn of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gnosis.org/library/grs-mead/grsm_hymnofjesus.htm">gnosis.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="279"><a href="#citable__279"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Nearly a fourth of the book is occupied with instructions on the way to conciliate wealthy widows: notoriously, one of the chief sections of Jesuit practice.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__316" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="316"><strong>Prayers, efforts at self-conquest, and reflection:</strong> Ignatius's little book, the <em><a href="/Spiritual_Exercises_of_Ignatius_of_Loyola" title="Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola">Spiritual Exercises</a></em> is a fruit of months of <a href="/Prayer" title="Prayer">prayer</a><sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_32" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-32"><span>[</span>33<span>]</span></a></sup>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="316"><a href="#citable__316"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In fact, Ignatius pointed out in his Spiritual Exercises that, of the two, desolation is the more productive state to be in, as it pushes us forward towards real spiritual growth.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="316"><a href="#citable__316"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We were led to this state by our Father Ignatius through his spiritual exercises but also through the directions of the Constitutions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="316"><a href="#citable__316"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Also read the first and second points of the second week of "The Spiritual Exercises of Saint Ignatius of Loyola".</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__150" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="150">Jesuits stress the need to take time to reflect and to pray because prayer is at the foundation of Jesus's life.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="150"><a href="#citable__150"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Bedford's Pennington Field, two-time defending champ Flower Mound Marcus (19-5-0) takes on undefeated Jesuit (19-0-2).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="150"><a href="#citable__150"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was taking a huge risk in presenting himself to Jesus, especially because Jesus would have been known as a holy man, not the sort to mix it up with ceremonially unclean lepers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="150"><a href="#citable__150"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BX3706 .W51 1884 History of the Society of Jesus: from its foundation to the present time, Tr.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__227" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="227">Prayer, in Ignatian spirituality, does not dispense from "helping oneself," a phrase frequently used by Ignatius.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="227"><a href="#citable__227"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jefferson was just used to help with the Revolutionbecause the Lord does use the unGodly for good things.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="227"><a href="#citable__227"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A favorite prayer of Jesuits, it exemplifies the tradition of Ignatian spirituality.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Thus, he also speaks of <a href="/Mortification_(theology)" title="Mortification (theology)">mortification</a> and of amendment.</div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:152px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/01/9/7/8/2666652886865792.jpg" width="150" height="311" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> Upon his recovery from battle wounds, St. <a href="/Ignatius_of_Loyola" title="Ignatius of Loyola">Ignatius of Loyola</a> hung his military accoutrements before the image of the <a href="/Virgin_of_Montserrat" title="Virgin of Montserrat">Virgin of Montserrat</a>. Then he led a period of asceticism to found the Society of Jesus.</div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong>Devotion to the Sacred Heart, the Eucharist, and Our Lady:</strong> The Society of Jesus has a relationship with the <a href="/Order_of_the_Visitation_of_Holy_Mary" title="Order of the Visitation of Holy Mary">Order of the Visitation of Holy Mary</a> in a commitment to spread the devotion to the Sacred Heart (though the concept of devotion to Christ's mercy, as symbolized in the image of the Sacred Heart, is more ancient, its modern origins can be traced to St. <a href="/Marie_Alacoque" title="Marie Alacoque" class="mw-redirect">Marie Alacoque</a>, a Visitation nun, whose spiritual director was St. <a href="/Claude_de_la_Colombi%C3%A8re" title="Claude de la Colombière">Claude de la Colombière</a>). <a name="citable__196" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="196">The Jesuits particularly promoted this devotion to emphasize the compassion and overwhelming love of Christ for people, and to counteract the rigorism and spiritual pessimism of the <a href="/Jansenists" title="Jansenists" class="mw-redirect">Jansenists</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="196"><a href="#citable__196"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But the plain reality can also testify to truth, hope and love for God and can promote a sense of truth and justice in people.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="196"><a href="#citable__196"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Rather, they want to love as Jesus loved, offering the grace and mercy of Christ to all people, including gays and lesbians.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="196"><a href="#citable__196"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Here at the beginning of our pontificate we wish to assure you that we remain devoted to the spiritual welfare of the German people entrusted to your leadership.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">St. Ignatius counselled people to receive the <a href="/Eucharist" title="Eucharist">Eucharist</a> more often, and from the order's earliest days the Jesuits were promoters of "frequent communion". It should be noted that it was the custom for many Catholics at this time to receive Holy Communion perhaps once or twice a year, out of what Catholic theologians considered an exaggerated respect for the sacrament; Ignatius and others advocated receiving the sacrament at least monthly, emphasizing Holy Communion not as reward but as spiritual food; by the time of Pope St. <a href="/Pius_X" title="Pius X" class="mw-redirect">Pius X</a> (1903–1914), "frequent communion" had come to mean weekly, and even daily reception, of the Eucharist.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__60" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="60">Ignatius made his initial commitment to a new way of life by leaving his soldier's weapons (and symbolically, his old values) on an altar before an image of the Christ child seated on the lap of <a href="/Our_Lady_of_Montserrat" title="Our Lady of Montserrat" class="mw-redirect">Our Lady of Montserrat</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="60"><a href="#citable__60"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Yet inclusiveness in Christ is easier said than done, and the early Christians struggled mightily with the real life implications of their commitment to inclusiveness and unity.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="60"><a href="#citable__60"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Our collective awareness and action must make many other people aware of the enormous crimes committed, and the way in which they were committed.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="60"><a href="#citable__60"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A true encounter with Jesus cannot but leave a person with a new orientation, a new set of values.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>A Jesuit's Journey</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://ryandunssj.blogspot.com/">ryandunssj.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__337" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="337">The Jesuits were long promoters of the Sodality of Our Lady, their primary organization for their students until the 1960s, which they used to encourage frequent attendance at Mass, reception of communion, daily recitation of the <a href="/Rosary" title="Rosary">Rosary</a>, and attendance at retreats in the Ignatian tradition of the Spiritual Exercises.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="337"><a href="#citable__337"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit spiritual exercises are a daily ritual for Jesuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="337"><a href="#citable__337"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A favorite prayer of Jesuits, it exemplifies the tradition of Ignatian spirituality.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="337"><a href="#citable__337"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It's exhilarating to organize the students, make dynamic use of liturgical symbolism, and find ways to encourage a greater sense of reverence for and participation in the celebration of the Eucharist.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>A Jesuit's Journey</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://ryandunssj.blogspot.com/">ryandunssj.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__27" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="27"><strong>Zeal for souls:</strong> The purpose of the Order, says the <em>Summary of the Constitutions</em>, is "not only to apply one's self to one's own salvation and to perfection with the help of divine grace but to employ all one's strength, for the salvation and perfection of one's neighbor."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="27"><a href="#citable__27"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The end of the Society is not only to care for the salvation and perfection of their own souls with divine grace, but with the same [divine grace] seriously to devote themselves to the salvation and perfection of their neighbors.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="27"><a href="#citable__27"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Now the ultimate end of all Gnosis was the at-one-ment or union of the little man with the Great Man, of the human soul with the Divine Soul.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Hymn of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gnosis.org/library/grs-mead/grsm_hymnofjesus.htm">gnosis.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="27"><a href="#citable__27"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In paintings of the crucifixion, Jesus usually bears his own cross, but archeologists say it's more likely that he carried only its horizontal beam.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The last days of Jesus - Dateline NBC- msnbc.com</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4315203/">www.msnbc.msn.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__235" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="235"><strong>Finding God in All Things:</strong> The vision that Ignatius places at the beginning of the Exercises keeps sight of both the Creator and the creature, the One and the other swept along in the same movement of love.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="235"><a href="#citable__235"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Holly Near’s prescription — working in grace with each other, with each one doing just one thing beautifully — was surely vibrantly alive at the United Nations.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General Board of Church and Society </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gbcs.podbean.com/">gbcs.podbean.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="235"><a href="#citable__235"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"Love the Lord your God with all your heart, all your soul and all your mind: and love your neighbour as yourself."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Why Jews Don't Believe In Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.aish.com/jw/s/48892792.html">www.aish.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="235"><a href="#citable__235"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ok, during this dispensation, God is saving Jews and Gentiles out of all nations and placing them in the body of Christ, by the power of His Holy Spirit, as the Gospels preached.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__244" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="244">In it, God offers himself to humankind in an absolute way through the Son, and humankind responds in an absolute way by a total self-donation.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="244"><a href="#citable__244"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Our fateful hero (or zero, if you prefer) fights his way through youthful confusion, self destructive urges and a troubled home life and steers himself down the road to salvation.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesus of Suburbia | SPIKE </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.spike.com/video/jesus-of-suburbia/2682403">www.spike.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="244"><a href="#citable__244"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Families were also going through terrible times as their sons and brothers were dying in a most painful and tragic way.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="244"><a href="#citable__244"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The kingdom of God is available both in this life and in the life to come, but only through Jesus himself.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__108" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="108">There is no longer sacred or profane, natural or supernatural, mortification or prayer—because it is one and the same Spirit who brings it about that the Christian will "love God in all things—and all things in God."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="108"><a href="#citable__108"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I love you and there's nothing you can do about it!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus Christ is the ONLY way to Heaven!</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://jesus-is-savior.com/">jesus-is-savior.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="108"><a href="#citable__108"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There is no criminality like Christianity!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus, Christ, debunking Jesus Christ, historicity of Jesus, fake resurrection, Atrott's Service</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bare-jesus.net/etricksindex.htm">www.bare-jesus.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="108"><a href="#citable__108"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There is one nice detail in all of this.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__339" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="339">Hence, Jesuits have always been active in the graphic and dramatic arts, literature and the sciences.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="339"><a href="#citable__339"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Academic policies and practices in American Jesuit colleges of arts and sciences and schools of business administration.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__158" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="158"><strong>Examen of Consciousness:</strong> The Examen of Consciousness is a simple prayer directed toward developing a spiritual sensitivity to the special ways God approaches, invites, and calls.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="158"><a href="#citable__158"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>His special field of expertise is Spiritual direction, Counselling and Discernment.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com/">goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="158"><a href="#citable__158"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was announced as a time of prayer and reflection for those discerning God’s call in their life.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="158"><a href="#citable__158"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>See The Way of the Fool: the conscious development of our human character and the future of Christianity, both to be born out of the natural union of Faith and Gnosis.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Christian Story of Jesus's Birth Is a Myth Born of Politics | Belief | AlterNet</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.alternet.org/belief/144510/christian_story_of_jesus%27s_birth_is_a_myth_born_of_politics/">www.alternet.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Ignatius recommends that the examen be done at least twice, and suggests five points of prayer:</div> <ul> <li>Recalling that one is in the holy presence of God</li> <li>Thanking God for all the blessings one has received</li> <li>Examining how one has lived his day</li> <li>Asking God for forgiveness</li> <li>Resolution and offering a prayer of hopeful recommitment</li> </ul> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__197" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="197">It is important, however, that the person feels free to structure the Examen in a way that is most helpful to him.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="197"><a href="#citable__197"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I hated hurting their feelings and, in most cases, losing their friendship because I couldnt affirm them in the way they required.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="197"><a href="#citable__197"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I don't think that he meant for people to think of him as THE Messiah (capitals intended), rather he felt that it was important to impart the role of the messiah into every single person.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Why Jews Don't Believe In Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.aish.com/jw/s/48892792.html">www.aish.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="197"><a href="#citable__197"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Thus, Satan has free access to this person's soul, to do with him what he wishes.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN ANCIENT SECRET SOCIETY KILLED JESUS CHRIST </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://cuttingedge.org/news/n2032.cfm">cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__124" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="124">There is no right way to do it; nor is there a need to go through all of the five points each time.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="124"><a href="#citable__124"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Thats what they will ALL go through.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="124"><a href="#citable__124"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There is no other way.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus, Christ, debunking Jesus Christ, historicity of Jesus, fake resurrection, Atrott's Service</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bare-jesus.net/etricksindex.htm">www.bare-jesus.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="124"><a href="#citable__124"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Theres really no basis for it at all.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>legends</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.internationalnewsagency.org/legends2.htm">www.internationalnewsagency.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__322" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="322">A person might, for instance, find himself spending the entire time on only one or two points.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="322"><a href="#citable__322"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They were one person, not two.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Christian Story of Jesus's Birth Is a Myth Born of Politics | Belief | AlterNet</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.alternet.org/belief/144510/christian_story_of_jesus%27s_birth_is_a_myth_born_of_politics/">www.alternet.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="322"><a href="#citable__322"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At one time there were thirty or more reductions, comprising between one and two hundred thousand inhabitants.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="322"><a href="#citable__322"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You see, many Protestants believe that they are saved by making one single act of faith at one single point in time in their lives.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__141" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="141">The basic rule is: Go wherever God draws you.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="141"><a href="#citable__141"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They werent to go about preaching, God loves you just as you are.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="141"><a href="#citable__141"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Yet Jesus responded negatively, saying, Let the dead bury their own dead; but as for you, go and proclaim the kingdom of God (Luke 9:60).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="141"><a href="#citable__141"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So Jesus symbolically says, ‘the Temple is going to be destroyed by God, because you're not practicing justice.’” .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The last days of Jesus - Dateline NBC- msnbc.com</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4315203/">www.msnbc.msn.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__146" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="146">And this touches upon an important point: the Examen of Consciousness is primarily a time of prayer; it is a "being with God."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="146"><a href="#citable__146"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>An important aim of the meeting was to create a sense of corporate mission, a consciousness of being friends in the Lord who want to work together to accomplish great things for God in the encounter between Christians and Muslims.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="146"><a href="#citable__146"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"In approximately 65 to 70 years, there is a potential, at this point in time, of a man being born and growing up.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="146"><a href="#citable__146"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Over time, our consciousness has been raised on many other important matters including health care, civil and human rights, and economic and environmental justice.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General Board of Church and Society </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gbcs.podbean.com/">gbcs.podbean.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__188" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="188">It focuses on one's consciousness of God, not necessarily one's conscience regarding sins and mistakes.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="188"><a href="#citable__188"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This is the one sin which God will never forgive.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>AN ANCIENT SECRET SOCIETY KILLED JESUS CHRIST </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://cuttingedge.org/news/n2032.cfm">cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="188"><a href="#citable__188"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesus, the criminal (from the death row) and the criminals' god, the cripple and the cripples' god, the dastard and the dastards' god, limping, blind in one eye, misshapen, dwarfish and ugly as Satan and the sin.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesus, Christ, debunking Jesus Christ, historicity of Jesus, fake resurrection, Atrott's Service</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bare-jesus.net/etricksindex.htm">www.bare-jesus.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="188"><a href="#citable__188"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Notice, Scripture does not say confess your sins straight to God and only to God...it says confess your sins to one another.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__306" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="306"><strong>Discernment:</strong> Discernment is rooted in the understanding that God is ever at work in one's life, "inviting, directing, guiding and drawing" one "into the fullness of life."</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="306"><a href="#citable__306"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>How God acts > This leads to the second issue that I would like to discuss: how > precisely should we understand God's activity vis--vis the universe > that he brings into being?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Jesuit priest looks at "the fertile cosmos" - talk.origins | Google Groups </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.google.com/group/talk.origins/browse_thread/thread/837250a56e955565">groups.google.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="306"><a href="#citable__306"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He must be able to keep a secret all his life, and not be given to public bragging; a priest invited into this secret society must be able to know with whom he can communicate and what is appropriate to say at all times.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>POPE PIUS IX SOLVED HETEROSEXUAL DEVIANCY OF PRIESTS IN 1866 BY ESTABLISHING A SECRET SOCIETY OF BLESSED CREATURES WOMEN WHO HAD BEEN CONVINCED THAT HAVING SEX WITH PRIESTS AND BISHOPS WAS HOLY PURE BIBLICAL</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cuttingedge.org/news/n1763.cfm">www.cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="306"><a href="#citable__306"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The problem with this way of thinking is that it undermines God's > > > status > > > > as the creator of the heavens and the earth, the one who brings the > > > > whole of finite reality into being from nothing.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Jesuit priest looks at "the fertile cosmos" - talk.origins | Google Groups </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.google.com/group/talk.origins/browse_thread/thread/837250a56e955565">groups.google.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Its central action is reflection on the ordinary events of one's life. <a name="citable__191" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="191">It presupposes an ability to reflect on the ordinary events of one's life, a habit of personal prayer, self-knowledge, knowledge of one's deepest desires and openness to God's direction and guidance.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="191"><a href="#citable__191"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Rather, it is a discipline by which a person might bring his or her life in line with Gods desires.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="191"><a href="#citable__191"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Those are the method by which one becomes capable of direct personal experience of the Christian Mysteries.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Christian Story of Jesus's Birth Is a Myth Born of Politics | Belief | AlterNet</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.alternet.org/belief/144510/christian_story_of_jesus%27s_birth_is_a_myth_born_of_politics/">www.alternet.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="191"><a href="#citable__191"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Make your time with any one piece a time of discovery and personal enquiry.” Fr Rory says the ideas for his sculptures have often come out of prayerful and challenging times in his own life or world events such as 11 September 2001.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Discernment is a prayerful 'pondering' or 'mulling over' the choices a person wishes to consider. <a name="citable__357" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="357">In his discernment, the person's focus should be on a quiet attentiveness to God and sensing rather than thinking.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="357"><a href="#citable__357"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This incapacity to think will be overcome by forming the intellectual and moral habits of a person, helping the student to penetrate into the reality of things rather than merely filling his mind with reams of facts.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="357"><a href="#citable__357"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At another, he appeared to raise the bar for entrance into the kingdom of God, excluding rather than including potential disciples.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="357"><a href="#citable__357"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>God is, instead, the answer to a different kind of question, viz., "Why is there something rather than nothing?"</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Jesuit priest looks at "the fertile cosmos" - talk.origins | Google Groups </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.google.com/group/talk.origins/browse_thread/thread/837250a56e955565">groups.google.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__298" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="298">His goal is to understand the choices in his heart: to see them, as it were, as God might see them.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="298"><a href="#citable__298"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Why don’t we pray together that God will touch the hearts of the people that there might be unity?” .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>In the Beginning God Created An Open Society</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.yuricareport.com/Dominionism/GodCreatedOpenSociety.html">www.yuricareport.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="298"><a href="#citable__298"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to Jesus, only God could change the hearts of those who resisted the kingdom so that they might enter it as receptive children.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="298"><a href="#citable__298"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>God alone could have given this rich man a childlike heart so that he might be included within the kingdom of God.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__51" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="51">In one sense, there is no limit to how long he might wish to continue in this.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="51"><a href="#citable__51"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If absolutely no one is righteous, then how can that be?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="51"><a href="#citable__51"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Paul is not saying absolutely no one is righteous, if he was, then how do you explain all the Old and New Testament passages that refer to the righteous?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="51"><a href="#citable__51"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If there are hundreds of troops who wish to confess, but only limited time before they go into battle, then the priest can give "general" absolution.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__224" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="224">Discernment is a repetitive process, yet as the person continues, some choices should of their own accord fall by the wayside while others should gain clarity and focus.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="224"><a href="#citable__224"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At many levels over many years I feel she has made some disastrous mistakes in her own personal life, largely due to her obsessions with regards to exploring her spiritual existence.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Christian Story of Jesus's Birth Is a Myth Born of Politics | Belief | AlterNet</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.alternet.org/belief/144510/christian_story_of_jesus%27s_birth_is_a_myth_born_of_politics/">www.alternet.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="224"><a href="#citable__224"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The real question raised by the image here is whether an insulted person should seek to defend his own honor or let another person defend him.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Warfare and the Ethics of Jesus Christ</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wcg.org/lit/ethics/War03.htm">www.wcg.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="224"><a href="#citable__224"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One could even lose physically, yet win socially, if in the process one gained honor.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Warfare and the Ethics of Jesus Christ</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wcg.org/lit/ethics/War03.htm">www.wcg.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> It is a process that should move inexorably toward a decision.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__265" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="265"><strong>Service and humility:</strong> Ignatius emphasized the active expression of God's love in life and the need to be self-forgetful in humility.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="265"><a href="#citable__265"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>F 1030.7 .B63 2000 The heart of Ignatius: the Ignatian concepts of the honor and service of God, by Paul Doncouer.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="265"><a href="#citable__265"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Too often in our busy working lives, we forget the courageous actions of brave souls dedicated to faith and service, by prioritising our everyday needs.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="265"><a href="#citable__265"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As a Christian, I have heard this invitation from the Word of God, Jesus Christ, and I have offered my life to the service of Christ's mission and the promotion of God's Kingdom.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>A Jesuit's Journey</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://ryandunssj.blogspot.com/">ryandunssj.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__407" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="407">Part of Jesuit formation is the undertaking of service specifically to the poor and sick in the most humble ways: Ignatius wanted Jesuits in training to serve part of their time as novices and in tertianship (see <em>Formation</em> below) as the equivalent of orderlies in hospitals, for instance, emptying bed pans and washing patients, to learn humility and loving service.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="407"><a href="#citable__407"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Richard served briefly as assistant (or Socius) to the Master of Novices in Roehampton before he was assigned to Rhodesia - what is now Zimbabwe (then part of the British Province) in 1961.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="407"><a href="#citable__407"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A condition for love in a lot of Jesus's teaching seems to be humility, so he spends a lot of time demolishing pretension.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Message of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://personman.com/the-message-of-jesus">personman.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="407"><a href="#citable__407"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Richard Blout as first provincial; and in 1634 it was able to undertake the foreign mission of Maryland (see below) in the old Society .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__37" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="37">Jesuit educational institutions often adopt mottoes and mission statements that include the idea of making students "men for others," and the like.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="37"><a href="#citable__37"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As a break between events of the first and other two stages of dispersal I would like to note at least a few facts about Jesuits abroad.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="37"><a href="#citable__37"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Like other orders, the Society can, if it will, make its friends participators in its prayers, and in the merits of its good works; but it cannot make them members of the order, unless they live the life of the order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="37"><a href="#citable__37"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>LC 493 .C6 1962 Proceedings of the Institute on Jesuit Higher Education, September 6-8, 1962.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__201" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="201">Jesuit missions have generally included medical clinics, schools and agricultural development projects as ways to serve the poor or needy while preaching the Gospel.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="201"><a href="#citable__201"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In 1682, two Jesuits, magnificently equipped and loaded with presents, approached the Shah of Persia as envoys of Louis XIV., and received permission to preach the Christian gospel.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="201"><a href="#citable__201"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Brother Boynton has said that the Jesuit schools in Haiti serve the very poor and right now these families need just about everything.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com/">goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="201"><a href="#citable__201"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As their numbers decreased, some of the missions were abandoned, or served for a time by other priests , but maintained by the revenues of the Jesuits properties even after the Restoration of the Society .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Jesuit_Formation__28training_29">Jesuit Formation (training)</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__62" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="62">The formation (training) of Jesuits seeks to prepare men spiritually, academically and practically for the ministries they will be called to offer the Church and world.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="62"><a href="#citable__62"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Father Coyne is a Jesuit priest as well as a formally trained > > astronomer > > > and astrophysicist, and this combination has made him one of the > > > great ambassadors for the church to the world of science.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Jesuit priest looks at "the fertile cosmos" - talk.origins | Google Groups </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.google.com/group/talk.origins/browse_thread/thread/837250a56e955565">groups.google.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="62"><a href="#citable__62"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They were designed for the world, for conquest, for propagandism, for the promotion of the Roman Catholic Church by every species of practical effort.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="62"><a href="#citable__62"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Loyola then wanted to form an army, but when this happened with his spiritual exercises, those spiritual exercises would be basic training for all of his Jesuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a href="/Ignatius_of_Loyola" title="Ignatius of Loyola">St. Ignatius</a> was strongly influenced by the <a href="/Renaissance" title="Renaissance">Renaissance</a> and wanted Jesuits to be able to offer whatever ministries were most needed at any given moment, and especially, to be ready to respond to missions (assignments) from the <a href="/Pope" title="Pope">Pope</a>. <a name="citable__274" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="274">Formation for <a href="/Priesthood" title="Priesthood" class="mw-redirect">Priesthood</a> normally takes between 8 and 14 years, depending on the man's background and previous education, and final vows are taken several years after that, making Jesuit formation among the longest of any of the religious orders.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="274"><a href="#citable__274"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuits are a military organization, not a religious order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="274"><a href="#citable__274"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And Count von Hoensbroech, who was a German Noble who became a Jesuit for 14 yearshe wrote a two-volume work called Fourteen Years A Jesuit .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="274"><a href="#citable__274"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We must remember the proximate aim of the Jesuits trying to impart culture, making an eloquent man to be a fit and able receptacle of Gods grace.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuit Model of Education</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edocere.org/articles/jesuit_model_education.htm">www.edocere.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <a name="citable__79" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="79"><ul> <li>Candidacy is an informal precursor to becoming a Jesuit, wherein a man interested in joining the Jesuits explores his calling with a spiritual director.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="79"><a href="#citable__79"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A private letter of a Jesuit, Father Bodler, shows the Jesuits over half of Europe intriguing to secure at the election of 1669 a man who will suit their interests.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> This varies from country to country. <a name="citable__176" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="176">The candidate attends <a href="/Jesuit_vocation" title="Jesuit vocation" class="mw-redirect">Jesuit vocation</a> events, including retreats and discussions with other candidates and Jesuits.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="176"><a href="#citable__176"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As a break between events of the first and other two stages of dispersal I would like to note at least a few facts about Jesuits abroad.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="176"><a href="#citable__176"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The training event in Kenya included meetings with the U.S. embassy and with nongovernmental organizations to discuss the role of the church in post-conflict situations.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General Board of Church and Society </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gbcs.podbean.com/">gbcs.podbean.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__39" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="39">Candidacy can last any length of time, with the norm being about a year.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="39"><a href="#citable__39"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We met with Sam a number of times over the last year, and with a bit of a push from Danny Adams, we were able to not only agree on a design, but also bring it to fruition.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Emerald Society of the Boston Police</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.bpdemeraldsociety.com/">www.bpdemeraldsociety.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="39"><a href="#citable__39"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They tried five times to kill the man, and finally he died, I believe, of cancer, in a hospital, about three years ago.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="39"><a href="#citable__39"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>"In approximately 65 to 70 years, there is a potential, at this point in time, of a man being born and growing up.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__286" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="286">During this time, the candidate may or may not live in a Jesuit community.</li> <li><a href="/Novitiate" title="Novitiate">Novitiate</a> is the first stage of formation.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="286"><a href="#citable__286"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During the time of normalisation Jesuits were frequently interrogated.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="286"><a href="#citable__286"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As I said above twenty three Jesuits of the Czech Province were not interned because they were living abroad at the time of operation K. They were the first of all the Jesuit groups who worked abroadprofessors, missionaries or priests, who were preparing themselves for work in missions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="286"><a href="#citable__286"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>London, Longmans, Green and Co., 1914- BX4659.G7 L5 1914 Living together in a Jesuit community, by Carlos G. Valles.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__186" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="186">The <a href="/Novice" title="Novice">Novice</a> begins to live the three vows of poverty, chastity, obedience (though he has not yet vowed himself publicly), completes the <a href="/Spiritual_Exercises_of_Ignatius_of_Loyola" title="Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola">Spiritual Exercises of Ignatius of Loyola</a>, learns about the history and practice of the order and enters into a series of “experiments.” These experiments are usually short ministerial assignments where the novice tests his aptitude for various ministries, such as, teaching, working with the marginalized or giving retreats.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="186"><a href="#citable__186"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the span of his 65 years, Ignatius wrote the Spiritual Exercises , a thirty-day retreat of growing closer to Jesus Christ, founded the Society of Jesus, became the Jesuit order’s first Superior General and established schools and parishes.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="186"><a href="#citable__186"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The awareness of these Plastic People does not flower naturally, instead it is aggressively constrained into a socially dictated and accepted form of stressful living.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="186"><a href="#citable__186"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The object of the order is not limited to practicing any one class of good works, however laudable (as preaching, chanting office, doing penance, etc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__404" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="404">The novitiate lasts two years.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="404"><a href="#citable__404"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The noviceship lasts two years.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="404"><a href="#citable__404"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Two years at the beginning (novitiate) and a year at the end of the training (tertianship) were devoted to the spiritual development of the members in contrast to a one year novitiate in the old orders.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="404"><a href="#citable__404"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But after his release he was taken away again for another term of imprisonment that lasted two years.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Jesuit novices may place the letters "n. S.J." after their names.</li> </ul> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__65" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="65">At this point, the novice pronounces his First Vows (perpetual <a href="/Simple_vow" title="Simple vow">Simple vows</a> of poverty, chastity and obedience and a vow to persevere to final profession and ordination) and becomes either a Scholastic (entering onto the path of priesthood) or a Jesuit brother (technically known as a "temporal coadjutor", but officially styled "brother" today).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="65"><a href="#citable__65"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit - professed fathers take a special vow of obedience to the pope.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="65"><a href="#citable__65"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On leaving school, Kevin entered the Society of Jesus at Manresa College in Roehampton, Surrey, and made his first vows as a Jesuit at the newly acquired Novice House at Harlaxton in Lincolnshire.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="65"><a href="#citable__65"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Members of the society fall into four classes: Novices (whether received as lay brothers for the domestic and temporal services of the order, or as aspirants to the priesthood), who are trained in the spirit and discipline of the order, prior to making the religious vows.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__185" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="185">The scholastics (who may be addressed by the secular title "Mister") and the Brothers (addressed by the title "Brother") of the Society of Jesus have different courses of study, although they often overlap.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="185"><a href="#citable__185"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first of them were the scholastics who studied in Slovakia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="185"><a href="#citable__185"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In Acts 2 the followers of Jesus were supernaturally empowered to speak in many different languages so they could proclaim Gods mighty deeds to the Jewish pilgrims who had come to Jerusalem for the Feast of Weeks ( pentecoste in Greek, from which we get Pentecost).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="185"><a href="#citable__185"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They often present to their disciples a deformed and pejorative image of Christianity and of Jesus Christ.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">For scholastics, the usual course of studies is as follows:</div> <a name="citable__44" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="44"><ul> <li>First Studies is the period when the scholastic begins his academic formation.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="44"><a href="#citable__44"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first of them were the scholastics who studied in Slovakia.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="44"><a href="#citable__44"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Future orientation : At present, after completing my first cycle of theology studies in Paris, I am in Rome to begin the license in Bible at the Pontifical Biblical Institute.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__239" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="239">Depending on his prior education it will last 2–4 years, guaranteeing a grounding in <a href="/Philosophy" title="Philosophy">philosophy</a> and the attainment of at least a first university level degree thus, in the United States, a four-year bachelor's degree (unless this has already been earned).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="239"><a href="#citable__239"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In gratitude for four years of Jesuit education at Loyola University of Chicago.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="239"><a href="#citable__239"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Speith, this year's Class 5A UIL state champion, birdied three of the first six holes to jump out to a four-hole advantage, but Harrell fought back to tie the match at No.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="239"><a href="#citable__239"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At last, a few years later Pombal came to power in Portugal (Portugal's Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs), and the Jesuits were withdrawn and cast upon the shores of the Papal States.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__355" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="355">It may also introduce the study of theology or some other specialized area.</li> <li>As Jesuits, particularly in the United States, serve on the faculties of high schools and universities, and in a wide variety of other positions, the Jesuit scholastic or Jesuit priest often earns a master or doctoral degree on some area—it may be, for instance, Theology or it may be History, English, Chemistry, Educational Administration, Law or any other subject.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="355"><a href="#citable__355"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The church law under which the English Jesuits worked was to some extent special.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="355"><a href="#citable__355"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Categories: High school swimming , Jesuit .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="355"><a href="#citable__355"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Categories: High school football , Jesuit .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__63" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="63">Hence, a Jesuit may spend another few years earning a graduate degree beyond the bachelor's.</li> <li>Regency is the next stage, wherein the scholastic lives and works in a typical Jesuit community (as opposed to the “formation communities” he has lived insofar).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Another Jesuit priest and one scholastic worked near Ostrava.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I spent several years studying as a member of the community of Harvard Divinity School (though I was officially a Ph.D. student in the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="63"><a href="#citable__63"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And Count von Hoensbroech, who was a German Noble who became a Jesuit for 14 yearshe wrote a two-volume work called Fourteen Years A Jesuit .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__84" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="84">He is engaged full-time in ministry (an Apostolate), which is traditionally teaching in a secondary school, but it may be any ministry Jesuits are engaged in.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="84"><a href="#citable__84"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>This was in perfect shape at this time: forty-eight novices lived there, of whom eight were Brother novices and Fathers who taught at the Apostolic school.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="84"><a href="#citable__84"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As a consequence, until such time as his positions are corrected to be in complete conformity with the doctrine of the Church, the Author may not teach Catholic theology.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com/">goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="84"><a href="#citable__84"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Vatican-Jesuit-Masonic crusades, up to our present time, show their criminal " full-spectrum dominance " doctrine is effectuated all over the world by: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Regency lasts for 2–3 years.</li> <li><a href="/Theology" title="Theology">Theology</a> is the stage immediately preceding ordination. <a name="citable__209" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="209">By universal <a href="/Canon_law" title="Canon law">canon law</a>, every candidate for priestly ordination must complete four years of theology studies, though part of this requirement may have been met in first studies.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="209"><a href="#citable__209"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I spent several years studying as a member of the community of Harvard Divinity School (though I was officially a Ph.D. student in the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="209"><a href="#citable__209"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>For the past three Wolverhampton, been on the staff years, he has being studying of a drug rehabilitation centre in Theology in Madrid.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="209"><a href="#citable__209"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Illuminati was publicly founded May 1, 1776 at the University of Ingolstadt by Weishaupt, Professor of Canon Law.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>legends</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.internationalnewsagency.org/legends2.htm">www.internationalnewsagency.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__382" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="382">This will include the attainment of a first degree in theology (such as the Bachelor of Sacred Theology), and usually a second (masters level) degree in a specialized area related to theology.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="382"><a href="#citable__382"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>She earned her bachelor’s degree in history from Marymount College, her master’s degree in counseling psychology from Loyola Marymount University, and her master’s degree in applied spirituality from the University of San Francisco.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="382"><a href="#citable__382"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Konz earned his Bachelor of Science and Master of Business Administration degrees at Arizona State University prior to entering the Society of Jesus in 1980.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesuits of the California Province - News 2009 - Good News</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.jesuitscalifornia.org/Page.aspx?pid=718">www.jesuitscalifornia.org</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="382"><a href="#citable__382"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And because it is the theory first and truth second—a pseudo-science is wedded to such incorrigible bedfellows as falsehood, dogmatism, and delusion.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>In the Beginning God Created An Open Society</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.yuricareport.com/Dominionism/GodCreatedOpenSociety.html">www.yuricareport.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__358" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="358">(As such, it is not uncommon for a Jesuit to hold a master's level degree in Theology, and, as mentioned above, a second master's or a doctorate in a completely different field.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="358"><a href="#citable__358"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit holds a 2-0 lead over two-time state champion Flower Mound Marcus in this Class 5A Region I quarterfinal at Pennington Field in Bedford.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="358"><a href="#citable__358"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Such documents as this, generally discovered in Jesuit houses after the suppression of the Society, differ very materially from the published writings of the Jesuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="358"><a href="#citable__358"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuits and Liberation Theology and the master game plan of which they are a part of, are...</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: The Jesuits (9780671657161): Malachi Martin: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Jesuits-Malachi-Martin/dp/067165716X">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> )</li> <a name="citable__296" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="296"><li><a href="/Ordination" title="Ordination">Ordination</a> follows, and the new priest may receive a ministerial assignment or be sent back for further studies in any academic field.</li> <li>The ordained Jesuit priest will either be chosen for profession as a "spiritual coadjutor", taking the usual perpetual vows of poverty, chastity and obedience, or for profession as a "professed of the four vows."</li> <li>A few years after ordination to priesthood, or for brothers after a number of years work, a Jesuit will undertake Tertianship, so named because it is something like a third year of novitiate.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="296"><a href="#citable__296"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After three years he was sent back to Klava again to join the other brothers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="296"><a href="#citable__296"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit - professed fathers take a special vow of obedience to the pope.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="296"><a href="#citable__296"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Scholastic at his ordination becomes a Spiritual Coadjutor.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__75" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="75">After his first fews years of experience of ministry as a priest or brother, the Jesuit completes the final stage of formal formation by revisiting the essentials of Jesuit life which he learned as a novice: once again, he studies the history and Constitutions of the Jesuits, he makes the Spiritual Exercises and participates in experimentism, most often by serving in ministries to the sick, terminally ill or poor.</li> <li>Final Vows for the fully professed follow upon tertianship, wherein the Jesuit pronounces perpetual solemn vows of poverty, chastity, obedience, and the <a href="/Fourth_vow" title="Fourth vow">Fourth vow</a>, unique to Jesuits, of special obedience to the pope in matters regarding mission, promising to undertake any mission laid out in the Formula of the Institute the pope may choose.</li> <li>Only the professed of the Four Vows are eligible for posts like novice master, provincial superior or assistant to the general of the society.</li> <li>The professed of the Four Vows take, in addition to these solemn perpetual vows five additional Simple Vows: not to consent to any mitigation of the Society's observance of poverty; not to "ambition" or seek any prelacies (ecclesiastical offices) outside the Society; not to ambition any offices within the Society; a commitment to report any Jesuit who does so ambition; and, if a Jesuit does become a bishop, to permit the general to continue to provide advice to that bishop, though the vow of obedience to Jesuit superiors is not operative over matters the man undertakes as bishop.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="75"><a href="#citable__75"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuit General exercises full and complete power over the Order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="75"><a href="#citable__75"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The professed of the four vows constitute the kernel of the Society; the other grades are regarded as preparatory, or as subsidiary to this.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="75"><a href="#citable__75"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Professed members are bound by a vow of obedience to the pope.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Under these vows, no Jesuit may "campaign" or even offer his name for appointment or election to any office, and if chosen for one must remind the appointing authority (even the Pope) of these Vows—if the Pope commands that the Jesuit accept ordination as a bishop anyway, the Jesuit must keep an open ear to the Jesuit general as an influence.</li> </ul> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">The formation of Jesuit brothers has a much less structured form. <a name="citable__195" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="195">Prior to the <a href="/Second_Vatican_Council" title="Second Vatican Council">Second Vatican Council</a>, Jesuit brothers worked almost exclusively within Jesuit communities as cooks, tailors, farmers, secretaries, accountants, librarians and maintenance support—they were thus technically known as "temporal coadjutors", as they assisted the professed priests by undertaking the more "worldly" jobs, freeing the professed of the four vows and the "spiritual coadjutors" to undertake the sacramental and spiritual missions of the Society.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="195"><a href="#citable__195"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One Jesuit brother worked in the works canteen, another in the maintenance workshop.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="195"><a href="#citable__195"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He even showed himself disposed to take charge of the work, but only under two conditions: first, that he should be left free to modify the plan of Rosweyde as he understood it; second, that the copies, notes, and books which had been collected by Rosweyde should be removed from the library of the Professed House, where they were interspersed among the books in common use, and set apart in a place of their own for the exclusive use of the new director of the undertaking.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="195"><a href="#citable__195"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>These women apparently believed to their dying day that their path to Heaven was set straighter and more sure because they regularly had sex with priests and bishops at their beck and call, operating within this system!</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>POPE PIUS IX SOLVED HETEROSEXUAL DEVIANCY OF PRIESTS IN 1866 BY ESTABLISHING A SECRET SOCIETY OF BLESSED CREATURES WOMEN WHO HAD BEEN CONVINCED THAT HAVING SEX WITH PRIESTS AND BISHOPS WAS HOLY PURE BIBLICAL</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cuttingedge.org/news/n1763.cfm">www.cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__287" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="287">Following the Second Vatican Council, which recognized the mission of all the Christian faithful, not just those who are ordained, to share in the ministries of the Church, Jesuit brothers began to engage in ministries outside of their communities.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="287"><a href="#citable__287"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He is not commenting on their relationships with those outside the faith, or with those who have departed from the faith or with enemies.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Warfare and the Ethics of Jesus Christ</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wcg.org/lit/ethics/War03.htm">www.wcg.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="287"><a href="#citable__287"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As I said above twenty three Jesuits of the Czech Province were not interned because they were living abroad at the time of operation K. They were the first of all the Jesuit groups who worked abroadprofessors, missionaries or priests, who were preparing themselves for work in missions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="287"><a href="#citable__287"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Because we have already established that brothers are those who share a common faith, we must conclude that an enemy is someone who is outside that common faith, in this case not a disciple of Christ.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Warfare and the Ethics of Jesus Christ</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wcg.org/lit/ethics/War03.htm">www.wcg.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__284" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="284">Today, the formation of a Jesuit brother may take many forms, depending on his aptitude for ministry.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="284"><a href="#citable__284"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On the fourth of May, the Archbishop of Sens issued ordinances forbidding the Jesuits to exercise the ministry in his diocese, and the faithful, under pain of excommunication, to receive sacrament from them.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="284"><a href="#citable__284"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The second example, of surrendering more than what one is being sued for, shows how nonresistance can take many forms.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Warfare and the Ethics of Jesus Christ</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wcg.org/lit/ethics/War03.htm">www.wcg.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="284"><a href="#citable__284"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>To take sides with the combatants and to act secretly in concert with your brother Jesuit who might be engaged on the other side, but openly opposed to that with which you might be connected; .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__394" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="394">He may pursue a highly academic formation which mirrors that of the scholastics (there are, for instance, some Jesuit brothers who serve as university professors), or he may pursue more practical training in areas such as pastoral counseling or spiritual direction (some assist in giving retreats, for instance), or he may continue in the traditional “supporting” roles in which so many Jesuit brothers have attained notable levels of holiness (as administrative aides, for example).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="394"><a href="#citable__394"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuits also began to give spiritual retreats at Velehrad and at St. Hostn.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="394"><a href="#citable__394"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There were five Czech Jesuit brothers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="394"><a href="#citable__394"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The principal missionaries who served in or wrote about Wisconsin, or are mentioned in Jesuit Relations concerning Wisconsin: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary/index.asp?action=view&term_id=785&keyword=wisconsin">www.wisconsinhistory.org</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__310" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="310">Since Vatican II the Society has officially adopted the term "brother," which was always the unofficial form of address for the temporal coadjutors.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="310"><a href="#citable__310"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Formed coadjutors, whether formed lay brothers or priests, make vows which, though not solemn, are perpetual on their part; while the Society, on its side binds itself to them, unless they should commit some grave offense.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="310"><a href="#citable__310"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After a considerable term of service, the Temporal Coadjutor takes the public vows and has formatus added to his title.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="310"><a href="#citable__310"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A part of the Novices, not being destined to the priesthood, pass on to the secular wing of the Society, and are ranked with the Temporal Coadjutors, who conduct the different forms of manual industry which are needed in the various establishments.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__194" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="194">Regardless of the practical details, Jesuit formation is meant to form men who are open and ready to serve whatever is the Church’s current need.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="194"><a href="#citable__194"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The principal missionaries who served in or wrote about Wisconsin, or are mentioned in Jesuit Relations concerning Wisconsin: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary/index.asp?action=view&term_id=785&keyword=wisconsin">www.wisconsinhistory.org</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="194"><a href="#citable__194"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was written to address a current crisis in the Episcopalian church, that of using the concept of inclusiveness, to include practicing gay and lesbian people in the church.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="194"><a href="#citable__194"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>If you need further details contact the Jesuit Missions office.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__89" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="89">Today, all Jesuits are expected to learn <a href="/English_language" title="English language">English</a>, and those who speak English as a first language are expected to learn <a href="/Spanish_language" title="Spanish language">Spanish</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="89"><a href="#citable__89"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As I said above twenty three Jesuits of the Czech Province were not interned because they were living abroad at the time of operation K. They were the first of all the Jesuit groups who worked abroadprofessors, missionaries or priests, who were preparing themselves for work in missions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="89"><a href="#citable__89"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>First of all I would like to mention the unofficial Jesuit literature.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="89"><a href="#citable__89"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Italy , during the first two centuries of the Society was still the most cultured country in Europe , and the Italian Jesuits enjoyed a high reputation for learning and letters.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Government_of_the_Society">Government of the Society</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__118" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="118">The Society is headed by a Superior General.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="118"><a href="#citable__118"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They threatened their General that, if he did not withdraw the work, they would warn the heads of all the Provinces of the Society of the danger he would bring on them.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="118"><a href="#citable__118"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It consists of the general, when alive, and his assistants, the provincials, and two deputies from each province or territorial division of the society elected by the superiors and older professed members.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__264" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="264">In the Jesuit Order, the formal title of the Superior General is "Praepositus Generalis," Latin for Provost-General, more commonly called Father General or General, who is elected by the General Congregation for life or until he resigns, is confirmed by the Pope, and has absolute authority in running the Society.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="264"><a href="#citable__264"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit general congregation at the Vatican in 2008.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="264"><a href="#citable__264"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So, the Pope was in prison for 5 years until 1814, when he restored the Jesuit Order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="264"><a href="#citable__264"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Then come: Decrees of General Congregations, which have equal authority with the Constitutions; Rules, general and particular, etc.; Formulae or order of business for the congregations; Ordinations of generals, which have the same authority as rules; Instructions, some for superiors, others for those engaged in the missions or other works of the Society; Industriae, or special counsels for superiors; The Book of the Spiritual; and the Ratio Studiorum, which have directive force only.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__299" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="299">The current Superior General of the Jesuits is the Spanish Jesuit, Fr.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="299"><a href="#citable__299"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Theres a Black man, whos a high Jesuit, hes a 29 Superior Jesuit with his cosmopolitan General staff.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="299"><a href="#citable__299"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit spirituality in general (Spanish) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Subject Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.unigre.it/newbiblio/subject_jesuits.html">www.unigre.it</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="299"><a href="#citable__299"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuit provincial, Rev Fr Augustin Rösch S.J., Father Afred Delp 's superior in Munich, became active in the underground resistance to Hitler .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com/">goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a href="/Adolfo_Nicol%C3%A1s" title="Adolfo Nicolás">Adolfo Nicolás</a> Pachón who was elected on January 19, 2008.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__230" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="230">He is assisted by "assistants," four of whom are "assistants for provident care" and serve as general advisors and a sort of inner council to the superior general, and several other regional assistants each of whom heads an "assistancy," which is either a geographic area (for instance, the North American Assistancy) or an area of ministry (for instance, higher education).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="230"><a href="#citable__230"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Rev. Liberato Bautista, assistant general secretary for our United Nations Ministry, has been instrumental in assisting with the work in Geneva as we prepare for public hearings related to the World Health Organization resolution on alcohol.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General Board of Church and Society </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gbcs.podbean.com/">gbcs.podbean.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="230"><a href="#citable__230"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At present the trustees are assisting the development of our work in South Africa, and providing nursing care and attention for the elderly Jesuits of the Province.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits & Friends Winter 2008</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://issuu.com/ianjcurtis/docs/jesuitsandfriendswinter08?mode=embed&documentId=081121082722-dc8c9241bde24f71a8730f748cf5594b&layout=grey">issuu.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="230"><a href="#citable__230"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>LC493 .F51 1969 Jesuit higher education: essays on an American tradition of excellence, edited by Rolando E. Bonachea.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__92" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="92">The assistants normally reside with the General Superior in Rome.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="92"><a href="#citable__92"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So, the Jesuit General resides in Rome at, what I just called, the Jesuit headquarters.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="92"><a href="#citable__92"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During the time of normalisation two General Congregations of the Society of Jesus also took place in Rome.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="92"><a href="#citable__92"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Provincial must report once a month to the General, who has his official residence in Rome.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__290" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="290">The assistants, together with a number of other advisors, form an advisory council to the General.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="290"><a href="#citable__290"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Sole Statement: This document is the sole statement of the Site's Privacy Policy and no summary, restatement or other version thereof, or other privacy statement or policy, in any form, including, but not limited to, machine-generated, is valid.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> Jesus of Suburbia | SPIKE </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.spike.com/video/jesus-of-suburbia/2682403">www.spike.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__83" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="83">A vicar general and secretary of the Society run day-to-day administration.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="83"><a href="#citable__83"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Should the general through age or infirmity become incapacitated for governing the Society, a vicar is chosen by a general congregation to act for him.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="83"><a href="#citable__83"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I pledged to my colleague general secretaries that I would share with them the financial realities the General Board of Church & Society faces.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>General Board of Church and Society </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://gbcs.podbean.com/">gbcs.podbean.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="83"><a href="#citable__83"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Stimson later became Coolidge's Governor-General of the Philippine Islands, Hoover's Secretary of State, and Secretary of War during the Roosevelt and Truman administrations.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>legends</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.internationalnewsagency.org/legends2.htm">www.internationalnewsagency.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The General is also required to have an "<a href="/Admonitor_(Jesuits)" title="Admonitor (Jesuits)">admonitor</a>," a confidential advisor whose specific job is to warn the General honestly and confidentially when he is acting imprudently or is straying toward disobedience to the Pope or heresy. The central staff of the General is known as the Curia.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__406" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="406">The order is divided into geographic provinces, each of which is headed by a Provincial Superior, generally called Father Provincial, chosen by the General.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="406"><a href="#citable__406"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So its old Babylonian provincial government, centered in Nebuchadnezzar or the Jesuit General himself; so its strictly a Roman form of government where all the states or provinces are subordinate to this worldwide sovereign.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="406"><a href="#citable__406"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The "Relations" were of three kinds: Intimate and personal accounts sent to the father-general, to a relative, to a friend, or a superior, which were not meant for publication at the time, if ever.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="406"><a href="#citable__406"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Loyola was elected the first superior general in 1540 and spent his remaining years directing the new order and writing its Constitutions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__109" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="109">He has authority over all Jesuits and ministries in his area, and is assisted by a <em>socius</em>, who acts as a sort of secretary and chief of staff.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="109"><a href="#citable__109"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Fathers sprang mostly from the old Anglo-Norman families , but almost all the missionaries spoke Irish , and missionary labour was the chief occupation of the Irish Jesuits .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="109"><a href="#citable__109"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Are all those people brainwashed bigots and fanatical Protestants who abolished the Jesuit Order?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="109"><a href="#citable__109"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The authorities refused to sanction publication, but in 1676 Innocent XI., who frowned on the laxity of the Jesuit casuists, heard of the rejected manuscript and sent for it.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__397" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="397">With the approval of the General, the father provincial appoints a novice master and a master of tertians to oversee formation, and rectors of local houses of Jesuits.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="397"><a href="#citable__397"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Of these, rectors of colleges, provosts of professed houses, and masters of novices are appointed by the general; the rest by the provincial.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="397"><a href="#citable__397"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>So its old Babylonian provincial government, centered in Nebuchadnezzar or the Jesuit General himself; so its strictly a Roman form of government where all the states or provinces are subordinate to this worldwide sovereign.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="397"><a href="#citable__397"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We find that from General Ricci downward the Jesuits intrigue or rebel wherever they have large local support and are not subject to a powerful Catholic monarch.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__151" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="151">Each individual Jesuit community within a province is normally headed by a rector who is assisted by a "minister," from the Latin for "servant," a priest who helps oversee the community's day-to-day needs.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="151"><a href="#citable__151"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As I said above twenty three Jesuits of the Czech Province were not interned because they were living abroad at the time of operation K. They were the first of all the Jesuit groups who worked abroadprofessors, missionaries or priests, who were preparing themselves for work in missions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="151"><a href="#citable__151"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The emperor denounced the bull, and imprisoned the prelate who communicated it to the Jesuits, and a third representative, Mgr.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="151"><a href="#citable__151"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Avery Dulles is a Jesuit, and he was the nephew of the head of the CIA during the Kennedy assassination, who was Allan Dulles.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__19" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="19">The General Congregation is a meeting of all of the assistants, provincials and additional representatives who are elected by the professed Jesuits of each province.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="19"><a href="#citable__19"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The higher officials all come from their midst, --the General, the Assistants, the Provincials.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="19"><a href="#citable__19"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit general congregation at the Vatican in 2008.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="19"><a href="#citable__19"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It consists of the general, when alive, and his assistants, the provincials, and two deputies from each province or territorial division of the society elected by the superiors and older professed members.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__270" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="270">It meets irregularly and rarely, normally to elect a new superior general and/or to take up some major policy issues for the order.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="270"><a href="#citable__270"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Loyola was elected the first superior general in 1540 and spent his remaining years directing the new order and writing its Constitutions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="270"><a href="#citable__270"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But as there is no definite time for calling the general congregation - which in fact rarely occurs except to elect a new general - the exercise of authority is usually in the hands of the general, in whom is vested the fullness of administrative power, and of spiritual authority.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="270"><a href="#citable__270"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The growth of the order in our country was so great that the General of the Jesuits decided in 1623 to set up an independent Czech Province.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__242" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="242">The General meets more regularly with smaller councils composed of just the provincials.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="242"><a href="#citable__242"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Father Provincial ilhan suggested that Father General replace him by someone younger and more active him in his early seventies.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Habit_and_dress">Habit and dress</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">Jesuits do not have an official habit. <a name="citable__359" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="359">In the Constitutions of the Society, it gives these instructions concerning clothing; “The clothing too should have three characteristics: first, it should be proper; second, conformed to the usage of the country of residence; and third, not contradictory to the poverty we profess…” (Const.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="359"><a href="#citable__359"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Amongst the interesting manuscripts which were seized at the time of the suppression of the Society was a document, dating from the time of General Acquaviva, giving royal confessors secret instructions as to their duty.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="359"><a href="#citable__359"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Was it a secret code of instructions to their professed members, and that Zahorowski merely published what the Society had already circulated in private?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="359"><a href="#citable__359"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The professed of the four vows constitute the kernel of the Society; the other grades are regarded as preparatory, or as subsidiary to this.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> 577)</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__343" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="343">Historically, a "Jesuit-style <a href="/Cassock" title="Cassock">cassock</a>" became standard issue: it wrapped around the body and was tied with a cincture, rather than the customary buttoned front, a tuftless <a href="/Biretta" title="Biretta">biretta</a> (only diocesan clergy wore tufts), and a simple cape.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="343"><a href="#citable__343"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There can be little doubt that Richelieu despised the Jesuits, but preferred to have them under his eye, engaged in the teaching of the young, rather than as open opponents.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="343"><a href="#citable__343"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The aim of Jesuit education was to promote the interests of the Church rather than the State.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="343"><a href="#citable__343"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>I thought we were just talking about the message of "Jesus" right now rather than the historicity of Jesus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Message of Jesus</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://personman.com/the-message-of-jesus">personman.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__219" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="219">As such, though Jesuit garb appeared distinctive, and became identifiable over time, it was the common priestly dress of Ignatius' day.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="219"><a href="#citable__219"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is astonishing that at the time of the suppression of the Jesuit Order, they should have been successful in interesting the Government in such trash, and that it is such is proved by the scanty profit the Bollandists have derived from their labours.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="219"><a href="#citable__219"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After two days, when the Jesuits showed an absolute lack of interest in receiving such training, the training was cancelled.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="219"><a href="#citable__219"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Such is the description of Don Inigo Lopez de Recalde, or Ignatius Loyola, the founder of the Society of Jesus, otherwise known as the Jesuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__20" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="20">During the missionary periods of the Continental Americas, the various native peoples referred to Jesuits as "Blackrobes" because of their black cassocks.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="20"><a href="#citable__20"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Many Czech Province Jesuits served people suffering from the Black Death, sometimes paying the ultimate price.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="20"><a href="#citable__20"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Phelps: Because, if its ever known that the Jesuits killed our first Roman Catholic President, if the Roman Catholics of Northeastern America ever find that out, and ever believe it, the Jesuits are finished here.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="20"><a href="#citable__20"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In South America, also, the Jesuits won remarkable trophies of missionary activity.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__71" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="71">Today, most Jesuits wear the <a href="/Roman_collar" title="Roman collar" class="mw-redirect">Roman collar</a> tab shirts in non-liturgical, ministerial settings.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="71"><a href="#citable__71"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In theology the Jesuits came very soon to represent the most anti-Augustinian wing of the Roman Catholic Church.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Society_of_Jesus_in_US_FAQ_33_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Society_of_Jesus_in_US_FAQ-33"><span>[</span>34<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Controversies">Controversies</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__122" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="122">The <em><a href="/Monita_Secreta" title="Monita Secreta">Monita Secreta</a></em>, also known as the "Secret Instructions of the Jesuits" was published (1612 and 1614) in <a href="/Krak%C3%B3w" title="Kraków">Kraków</a>, and is alternately alleged to have been written by either <a href="/Claudio_Acquaviva" title="Claudio Acquaviva">Claudio Acquaviva</a>, the fifth general of the society, or by Jerome Zahorowski.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="122"><a href="#citable__122"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is the general belief that this book was written by a Polish priest and ex-Jesuit, Jerome Zahorowski.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="122"><a href="#citable__122"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Amongst the interesting manuscripts which were seized at the time of the suppression of the Society was a document, dating from the time of General Acquaviva, giving royal confessors secret instructions as to their duty.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="122"><a href="#citable__122"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Was it a secret code of instructions to their professed members, and that Zahorowski merely published what the Society had already circulated in private?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__87" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="87">The document appears to lay down the methods to be adopted for the acquisition of greater power and influence for the order and for the Roman Catholic Church.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="87"><a href="#citable__87"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Every church that is except Roman Catholic.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="87"><a href="#citable__87"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The spiritual fruit of the Roman Catholic Church is evil because the entire tree is evil, from the top to the roots.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>POPE PIUS IX SOLVED HETEROSEXUAL DEVIANCY OF PRIESTS IN 1866 BY ESTABLISHING A SECRET SOCIETY OF BLESSED CREATURES WOMEN WHO HAD BEEN CONVINCED THAT HAVING SEX WITH PRIESTS AND BISHOPS WAS HOLY PURE BIBLICAL</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.cuttingedge.org/news/n1763.cfm">www.cuttingedge.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="87"><a href="#citable__87"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>They were designed for the world, for conquest, for propagandism, for the promotion of the Roman Catholic Church by every species of practical effort.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__374" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="374">Scholars generally agree that the <em>Secreta</em> were merely fabricated to give the Jesuits a sinister reputation and it has become widely considered a forgery.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="374"><a href="#citable__374"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The election of Father Mutio Vitelleschi to become Jesuit General did not pass without incident.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="374"><a href="#citable__374"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Today, who is the Superior General of the Jesuits, the so-called "Black Pope" [ black here refers to hidden, evil activities, not to race or color ] who gives the orders to the actual Pope.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="374"><a href="#citable__374"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Like the Romish hierarchy in general, the Jesuits have treated politics as a mere instrument, and have sided with monarchy or democracy as has best suited their interests.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_34" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-34"><span>[</span>35<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__70" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="70"><a href="/Henry_Garnet" title="Henry Garnet">Henry Garnet</a>, one of the leading English Jesuits, was hanged for <a href="/Misprision_of_treason" title="Misprision of treason">misprision of treason</a> because of his involvement in the <a href="/Gunpowder_Plot" title="Gunpowder Plot">Gunpowder Plot</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="70"><a href="#citable__70"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But because it was not lead by Godly men, it benefited the Jesuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="70"><a href="#citable__70"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Gunpowder Plot was conceived with the following idea of blowing up the English Parliament House when the King; the Royal Family, and the Lords and Commons were assembled in it for the opening of Parliament.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="70"><a href="#citable__70"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Only one of the Jesuits was executed, but for heresy, not treason.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__314" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="314">The plan had been an attempt to kill King <a href="/James_I_of_England" title="James I of England">James I of England and VI of Scotland</a>, his family, and most of the <a href="/Protestantism" title="Protestantism">Protestant</a> aristocracy in a single attack by blowing up the <a href="/Palace_of_Westminster" title="Palace of Westminster">Houses of Parliament</a> in 1605; another Jesuit, <a href="/Oswald_Tesimond" title="Oswald Tesimond">Oswald Tesimond</a>, managed to escape arrest for involvement in the same plot.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="314"><a href="#citable__314"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He was the rightful heir to the thrown, not King James VI of Scotland.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="314"><a href="#citable__314"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Phelps: The Gunpowder Plot of 1605 was the Jesuits attempt to destroy what William Howittand Howitt was the great writer who wrote A Popular History Of Priestcraft , 1835he said it was a Jesuit attempt to destroy our Great King Solomon, King James I, along with the entire Protestant Parliament.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="314"><a href="#citable__314"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Remember when he was in the forest, hunting with the king of France, and the king of France lay bare to him their plans to destroy all the Protestants in Holland, William kept silent.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_Fraser_35_0" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-Fraser-35"><span>[</span>36<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__46" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="46">Jesuits have also been accused of using <a href="/Casuistry" title="Casuistry">casuistry</a> to obtain justifications for the unjustifiable (See: <a href="/Formulary_controversy" title="Formulary controversy">formulary controversy</a>; Blaise Pascals' <a href="/Lettres_Provinciales" title="Lettres Provinciales" class="mw-redirect">Lettres Provinciales</a>).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="46"><a href="#citable__46"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Blaise Pascal attacked their casuistry as laxist.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="46"><a href="#citable__46"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On 24 May, 1656, Blaise Pascal published the first of his "Provinciales".</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="46"><a href="#citable__46"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BJ 1249 .P77 1999 The provincial letters: moral teachings of the Jesuit fathers opposed to the Church of Rome and Latin Vulgate, by Blaise Pascal.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_36" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-36"><span>[</span>37<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__295" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="295">In English, according to the <a href="/Concise_Oxford_Dictionary" title="Concise Oxford Dictionary" class="mw-redirect">Concise Oxford Dictionary</a>, "Jesuitical" has acquired a secondary meaning of "equivocating". The Jesuits have also been targeted by many <a href="/Anti-Catholicism" title="Anti-Catholicism">anti-Catholics</a> like <a href="/Jack_Chick" title="Jack Chick" class="mw-redirect">Jack Chick</a>, <a href="/Avro_Manhattan" title="Avro Manhattan">Avro Manhattan</a>, <a href="/Alberto_Rivera" title="Alberto Rivera">Alberto Rivera</a>, and the late former Jesuit priest, <a href="/Malachi_Martin" title="Malachi Martin">Fr.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="295"><a href="#citable__295"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>You can get the fact that the Jesuits control these aircraft companies from Avro Manhattans The Vatican Billions .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="295"><a href="#citable__295"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Just like Catholics understand that, “Thou shalt not have any false gods before me,” means that we should not worship idols, or graven images, as false gods.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="295"><a href="#citable__295"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to Alberto Rivera there have been over two thousand Jesuits in U.S. government positions prior to 1980.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Malachi Martin</a>.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_37" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-37"><span>[</span>38<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__237" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="237">Within the Catholic Church, some Jesuits are criticized by other parties for allegedly being overly liberal and for deviating substantially from official Church teaching and papal directives, especially on such issues as abortion, priestly celibacy, homosexuality, and <a href="/Liberation_theology" title="Liberation theology">liberation theology</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="237"><a href="#citable__237"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As Catholics, do we have to accept everything the Church teaches?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="237"><a href="#citable__237"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It was possible to write freely, especially if the letters were posted in a post-box in some other place.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="237"><a href="#citable__237"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Some may say, "Well, of course the beast is Rome - the city on seven hills - but, the harlot is the city within the city, Vatican City, where the Catholic Church is headquartered."</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_38" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-38"><span>[</span>39<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__154" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="154">However, the last two Popes have appointed Jesuits to notable positions within the Church.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="154"><a href="#citable__154"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By the favor of the Pope, Molinist teachings were at last given the preferred place in the Church, as may be judged from the tenor of the bull Unigenitus.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.edwardtbabinski.us/sheldon/jesuits.html">www.edwardtbabinski.us</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="154"><a href="#citable__154"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to Alberto Rivera there have been over two thousand Jesuits in U.S. government positions prior to 1980.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="154"><a href="#citable__154"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>However that may be, the last Jesuit-an apostate who repented-was executed there in 1652, and the fathers of the Japanese Province were scattered over the other eastern missions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__403" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="403">For instance, John Paul II appointed <a href="/Roberto_Tucci" title="Roberto Tucci">Roberto Tucci</a>, S.J., to the College of Cardinals, after serving for many years as the chief organizer of papal trips and public events.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="403"><a href="#citable__403"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hence the two most visible lines of John Paul's papal activity: his worldwide trips, and his careful guidance of the Solidarity movement in Poland.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: The Jesuits (9780671657161): Malachi Martin: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Jesuits-Malachi-Martin/dp/067165716X">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="403"><a href="#citable__403"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Bush's, Bill Clinton and many other " dignitaries attending Pope John Paul II's funeral " .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="403"><a href="#citable__403"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>With the guidance and financial help of john Paul II, Poland's Primate, eighty-year-old Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski, was achieving progress in evolving an attitude in the Solidarity organization by which the Church and its people could escape the grip of Communism culturally and socially.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: The Jesuits (9780671657161): Malachi Martin: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Jesuits-Malachi-Martin/dp/067165716X">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__309" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="309">In all, John Paul II and Benedict XVI have appointed 10 <a href="/Jesuit_Cardinal" title="Jesuit Cardinal" class="mw-redirect">Jesuit Cardinals</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="309"><a href="#citable__309"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>One of the striking features of his speech was John Paul I's repeated reference to doctrinal deviations on the part of Jesuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Amazon.com: The Jesuits (9780671657161): Malachi Martin: Books</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.amazon.com/Jesuits-Malachi-Martin/dp/067165716X">www.amazon.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="309"><a href="#citable__309"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Wheeling Jesuit junior forward Kara Houston has earned third team Daktronics Division II Women's Soccer All-America honors.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Athletics Landing Page - Wheeling Jesuit University</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wju.edu/athletics/">www.wju.edu</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="309"><a href="#citable__309"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Cornelius De Bye, John De Bue, Joseph Ghesquière, and Ignatius Hubens, all former Jesuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Benedict XVI has appointed several Jesuits to positions of prominence in his curia, such as Archbishop <a href="/Luis_Ladaria_Ferrer" title="Luis Ladaria Ferrer">Luis Ladaria Ferrer</a>, S.J. as Secretary of the <a href="/Congregation_for_the_Doctrine_of_the_Faith" title="Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith">Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith</a>, and Rev. <a href="/Federico_Lombardi" title="Federico Lombardi">Federico Lombardi</a>, S.J., Vatican Press Secretary.<sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_39" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-39"><span>[</span>40<span>]</span></a></sup></div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Jesuits_rescue_efforts_during_the_Holocaust">Jesuits rescue efforts during the Holocaust</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__56" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="56">Twelve Jesuit priests have been formally recognized by <a href="/Yad_Vashem" title="Yad Vashem">Yad Vashem</a>, the <a href="/Holocaust" title="Holocaust" class="mw-redirect">Holocaust</a> Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority in Jerusalem, for risking their lives to save Jews during the Holocaust of <a href="/World_War_II" title="World War II">World War II</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="56"><a href="#citable__56"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>General Douglas MacArthur's rule of post-Second-World-War Japan is widely recognized as the merciful administration of a great warrior.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Warfare and the Ethics of Jesus Christ</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wcg.org/lit/ethics/War03.htm">www.wcg.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="56"><a href="#citable__56"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A Short Sigh of Relief After the end of World War II, Jesuit activity in Czechoslovakia began in earnest once more.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="56"><a href="#citable__56"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Father Coyne is a Jesuit priest as well as a formally trained > > astronomer > > > and astrophysicist, and this combination has made him one of the > > > great ambassadors for the church to the world of science.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Jesuit priest looks at "the fertile cosmos" - talk.origins | Google Groups </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.google.com/group/talk.origins/browse_thread/thread/837250a56e955565">groups.google.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__305" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="305">Roger Braun (1910–1981) – France, Pierre Chaillet (1900–1972) – France, Jean-Baptist De Coster (1896–1968) – Belgium, <a href="/Jean_Fleury" title="Jean Fleury">Jean Fleury</a> (1905–1982) – France, Emile Gessler (1891–1958) – Belgium, John B. Janssens (1889–1964) – Belgium, Alphonse Lambrette (1884–1970) – Belgium, Emile Planckaert (b.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="305"><a href="#citable__305"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Is it still Jean-Baptist Janssens?</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="305"><a href="#citable__305"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The first reason why the Jesuit General [ at that time , Jean-Baptist Janssens ] wanted Kennedy out of the way was because he was going to end the Vietnam War.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__175" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="175">1906) – France, Jacob Raile (1894–1949) – Hungary, Henri Revol (1904–1992) – France, Adam Sztark (1907–1942) – Poland, Henri Van Oostayen (1906–1945) – Belgium.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="175"><a href="#citable__175"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Adams, Charles Kendall 1835 - 1902 Adams, Henry Cullen 1850 - 1906 Adams, Thomas Sewall 1873 - 1933 Adams, Walworth Co.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary/index.asp?action=view&term_id=785&keyword=wisconsin">www.wisconsinhistory.org</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__86" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="86">Several other Jesuits are known to have rescued or given refuge to Jews during that period.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="86"><a href="#citable__86"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>After the Restoration (1660) there was a new period of peace in which the Jesuit missionaries reaped a considerable harvest, but during the disturbances caused by the Covenanters the persecution of Catholics was renewed.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="86"><a href="#citable__86"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In Europe, Jesuit traditions of learning were continued by the Bollandists, who were charged with compiling the lives of the saints; the Jesuits also published several periodicals and journals.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="86"><a href="#citable__86"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jews, as with many other groups you mention, have been the unwitting pawns in this Jesuit Agenda.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup id="wikipedia_cite_ref_40" class="reference"><a href="#cite_note-40"><span>[</span>41<span>]</span></a></sup> <a name="citable__255" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="255">A plaque commemorating the 152 Jesuit priests who gave of their lives during the Holocaust was installed at <a href="/Rockhurst_University" title="Rockhurst University">Rockhurst University</a>, a Jesuit university, in <a href="/Kansas_City,_Missouri" title="Kansas City, Missouri">Kansas City, Missouri</a>, <a href="/United_States" title="United States">United States</a>, in April 2007, the first such plaque in the world.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="255"><a href="#citable__255"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As I said above twenty three Jesuits of the Czech Province were not interned because they were living abroad at the time of operation K. They were the first of all the Jesuit groups who worked abroadprofessors, missionaries or priests, who were preparing themselves for work in missions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="255"><a href="#citable__255"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The anti-Masonic movement in the United States during the 1820s held groups such as Phi Beta Kappa in a bad light.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>legends</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.internationalnewsagency.org/legends2.htm">www.internationalnewsagency.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="255"><a href="#citable__255"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Avery Dulles is a Jesuit, and he was the nephew of the head of the CIA during the Kennedy assassination, who was Allan Dulles.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Famous_Jesuits">Famous Jesuits</span></h2> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/List_of_Famous_Jesuits" title="List of Famous Jesuits" class="mw-redirect">List of Famous Jesuits</a></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">Notable Jesuits include <a href="/Missionaries" title="Missionaries" class="mw-redirect">missionaries</a>, educators, <a href="/Scientists" title="Scientists" class="mw-redirect">scientists</a>, <a href="/Artists" title="Artists" class="mw-redirect">artists</a> and <a href="/Philosophers" title="Philosophers" class="mw-redirect">philosophers</a>. Among many distinguished early Jesuits was <a href="/St._Francis_Xavier" title="St. Francis Xavier" class="mw-redirect">St. Francis Xavier</a>, a missionary to <a href="/Asia" title="Asia">Asia</a> who converted more people to Catholicism than anyone before. <a name="citable__136" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="136"><a href="/Jos%C3%A9_de_Anchieta" title="José de Anchieta">José de Anchieta</a> and <a href="/Manuel_da_N%C3%B3brega" title="Manuel da Nóbrega">Manuel da Nóbrega</a>, founders of the city of <a href="/S%C3%A3o_Paulo" title="São Paulo">São Paulo</a>, <a href="/Brazil" title="Brazil">Brazil</a>, were also Jesuit priests.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="136"><a href="#citable__136"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Annales de da Societe des soi-disans Jesuites (iii.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="136"><a href="#citable__136"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Obelisk of São Paulo , Brazil (build between 1944-1970) .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="136"><a href="#citable__136"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Charlevoix, S.J. History of the Fall of the Jesuits Eighteenth Century, By Count Alexis de Saint-Priest, Peer of France.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com/">goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Another famous Jesuit was <a href="/St._Jean_de_Brebeuf" title="St. Jean de Brebeuf" class="mw-redirect">St. Jean de Brebeuf</a>, a French missionary who was martyred in North America during the 1600s.</div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Jesuit_Educational_institutions">Jesuit Educational institutions</span></h2> <div class="rellink relarticle mainarticle">Main article: <a href="/List_of_Jesuit_institutions" title="List of Jesuit institutions">List of Jesuit institutions</a></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__21" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="21">Though there is almost no occupation in civil life, and no ministry within the Church, which a Jesuit has not held at one time or another, and though the work of the Jesuits today embraces a wide variety of apostolates and ministries, they are probably most well known for their educational work.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="21"><a href="#citable__21"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There are no secret Jesuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="21"><a href="#citable__21"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Other Jesuits work was the press apostolate.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="21"><a href="#citable__21"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Another Jesuit priest and one scholastic worked near Ostrava.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">Since the inception of the order, Jesuits have been teachers. <a name="citable__85" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="85">Today, there are Jesuit-run universities, colleges, high schools and middle or elementary schools in dozens of countries.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="85"><a href="#citable__85"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>By 1628 there were seventy Jesuits in this country.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="85"><a href="#citable__85"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Categories: High school swimming , Jesuit .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="85"><a href="#citable__85"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>High school cross country » .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__133" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="133">Jesuits also serve on the faculties of both Catholic and secular schools as well.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="133"><a href="#citable__133"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Free undenominational schools were opened, and hundreds of Protestant, as well as Catholic, boys were attracted to these insidious nurseries of the faith by the unwonted absence of fees.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="133"><a href="#citable__133"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Well over a thousand Jesuits died as martyrs both in Europe and in the missions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="133"><a href="#citable__133"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Brother Boynton has said that the Jesuit schools in Haiti serve the very poor and right now these families need just about everything.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com/">goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Europe">Europe</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__362" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="362">One of the most prominent of these universities is the <a href="/Gregorian_University" title="Gregorian University" class="mw-redirect">Gregorian University</a> in Rome, one of the Church's key seats of learning, associated in a consortium with the <a href="/Pontifical_Biblical_Institute" title="Pontifical Biblical Institute">Pontifical Biblical Institute</a> and <a href="/Pontifical_Oriental_Institute" title="Pontifical Oriental Institute">Pontifical Oriental Institute</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="362"><a href="#citable__362"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Future orientation : At present, after completing my first cycle of theology studies in Paris, I am in Rome to begin the license in Bible at the Pontifical Biblical Institute.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="362"><a href="#citable__362"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Among these Fathers were Antonio Vieira, one of Portugal's most eloquent orators.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="362"><a href="#citable__362"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>What these little girls never learn (until it is too late) is that they are there for the sole purpose of satisfying the sexual apetites of priest's (drunk most of the time).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__48" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="48">In <a href="/Spain" title="Spain">Spain</a> the Jeuists run the <a href="/University_of_Deusto" title="University of Deusto">University of Deusto</a>, the <a href="/Pontifical_University_of_Comillas" title="Pontifical University of Comillas">Pontifical University of Comillas</a> in Madrid and the <a href="/ESADE" title="ESADE">ESADE</a> (a business school) in Barcelona and several primary and high schools.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="48"><a href="#citable__48"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Hightower, a University of Portland 2009 graduate and an alumnus of Jesuit high school Bellarmine Prepatory , was volunteering in Haiti when the Port-au-Prince earthquake struck.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com/">goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="48"><a href="#citable__48"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Brown is a graduate of Wakefield High School (1977), Tufts University (1981), and Boston College Law School (1985).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com/">goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">In <a href="/Ireland" title="Ireland">Ireland</a>, the Jesuits run five secondary schools: <a href="/Belvedere_College" title="Belvedere College">Belvedere College</a>, <a href="/Gonzaga_College" title="Gonzaga College">Gonzaga College</a> (both in <a href="/Dublin" title="Dublin">Dublin</a>), <a href="/Clongowes_Wood_College" title="Clongowes Wood College">Clongowes Wood College</a> in <a href="/Clane" title="Clane">Clane</a>, <a href="/Co._Kildare" title="Co. Kildare" class="mw-redirect">Co. <a name="citable__334" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="334">Kildare</a>, <a href="/St_Ignatius_College_(Galway)" title="St Ignatius College (Galway)">St Ignatius College</a>, in <a href="/Galway" title="Galway">Galway</a> city, and <a href="/Crescent_College" title="Crescent College">Crescent College</a>, which is in Limerick.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="334"><a href="#citable__334"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>San Francisco, College of St. Ignatius, 1891.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="334"><a href="#citable__334"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BX 3704 .Z5 C61 1942 A companion to the spiritual exercises of Saint Ignatius, by Aloysius Ambruzzi, S.J. Bangalore, India: St. Joseph College, 1938.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="334"><a href="#citable__334"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BT846 .B6 1962 The harvest-field of the spiritual exercises of Saint Ignatius, by Jose Calveras, S.J. Bombay, St. Xavier's College, 1949.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">In the <a href="/United_Kingdom" title="United Kingdom">United Kingdom</a> the Jesuit educational institutions are: <a href="/Wimbledon_College" title="Wimbledon College">Wimbledon College</a>, <a href="/St._Aloysius%27_College,_Glasgow" title="St. Aloysius' College, Glasgow">St. Aloysius' College, Glasgow</a>, <a href="/Campion_Hall,_Oxford" title="Campion Hall, Oxford">Campion Hall, Oxford</a>, <a href="/Heythrop_College" title="Heythrop College">Heythrop College</a> (<a href="/London" title="London">London</a>), <a href="/Mount_St_Mary%27s_College" title="Mount St Mary's College">Mount St Mary's College</a> (<a href="/Sheffield" title="Sheffield">Sheffield</a>) <a href="/St_Ignatius_Enfield" title="St Ignatius Enfield" class="mw-redirect">St Ignatius Enfield</a> and <a href="/Stonyhurst_College" title="Stonyhurst College">Stonyhurst College</a> (<a href="/Clitheroe" title="Clitheroe">Clitheroe</a>).</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__4" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="4">In <a href="/Belgium" title="Belgium">Belgium</a>, the Jesuits run various secondary schools (high schools) such as "Sint-Jozefscollege" in <a href="/Aalst,_Belgium" title="Aalst, Belgium">Aalst</a> (Dutch-speaking) and "<a href="http://olvc.telenet.be/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Onze-Lieve-Vrouwecollege</a>" and "Sint-Xaverius College" both in Antwerp and "Sint-Jan Berchmans College" in Brussels.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="4"><a href="#citable__4"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit building element in Antwerp , Belgium.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="4"><a href="#citable__4"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Categories: High school swimming , Jesuit .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="4"><a href="#citable__4"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Categories: High school football , Jesuit .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__23" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="23">"Universitair Centrum Sint-Ignatius" in Antwerp (Dutch-speaking; now part of "<a href="http://www.ua.ac.be/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Universiteit Antwerpen</a>") and the 'Facultés Notre-Dame de la Paix' of Namur (French-speaking) are both Jesuit universities.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="23"><a href="#citable__23"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It must be kept in mind that the Jesuits had now supreme influence at the Portuguese as well as the French court, and officials naturally bowed to their wealth and power.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="23"><a href="#citable__23"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Company would now use the Jewish House of Rothschild to finance the French Revolution and the rise of Napoleon the Freemason with his Jesuit-trained advisor, Abbe Sieyes.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="23"><a href="#citable__23"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The University of Notre Dame's annual operating budget, by comparison, is $700 million.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Two-Minute Apologetics</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.biblechristiansociety.com/apologetics/two_minute">www.biblechristiansociety.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_North_America">North America</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__138" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="138">In the <a href="/United_States" title="United States">United States</a>, 28 Jesuit tertiary education institutions are organized as the <a href="/Association_of_Jesuit_Colleges_and_Universities" title="Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities">Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities</a>, the oldest one being <a href="/Georgetown_University" title="Georgetown University">Georgetown University</a> in <a href="/Washington,_D.C." title="Washington, D.C.">Washington, D.C.</a>, founded by Bishop <a href="/John_Carroll_(bishop)" title="John Carroll (bishop)">John Carroll</a> in 1789. One of its presidents, Father <a href="/Patrick_Francis_Healy" title="Patrick Francis Healy">Patrick Francis Healy</a>, was the first <a href="/African_American" title="African American">African American</a> to head a major university.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Washington is controlled by the Jesuits from Georgetown.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>See also: Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities , partial list of Jesuit educational institutions , Fraternities and sororities .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="138"><a href="#citable__138"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He also helped found, and was the first president of, John Hopkins.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>legends</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.internationalnewsagency.org/legends2.htm">www.internationalnewsagency.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__126" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="126">The largest institution is <a href="/Loyola_University_Chicago" title="Loyola University Chicago">Loyola University Chicago</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="126"><a href="#citable__126"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Chicago, Loyola University Press, 1956.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="126"><a href="#citable__126"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Chicago, Loyola University Press, c1987.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="126"><a href="#citable__126"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Chicago, Loyola University Press, 1957.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__351" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="351">The 46 Jesuit high schools of America are organized under the <a href="/Jesuit_Secondary_Education_Association" title="Jesuit Secondary Education Association">Jesuit Secondary Education Association</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="351"><a href="#citable__351"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Categories: High school swimming , Jesuit .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="351"><a href="#citable__351"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Categories: High school football , Jesuit .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="351"><a href="#citable__351"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BX 2434 .F87 Manual for Jesuit high school administrators, by Jesuit Educational Association.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> The Jesuits have recently opened a number of <a href="/Middle_school" title="Middle school">middle schools</a> in poor neighborhoods in New York, Boston, Baltimore, Washington, DC, Chicago, Omaha, and St. Louis. <a name="citable__128" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="128">There are also Jesuits serving on the faculties of other Catholic colleges and universities; additionally they serve on many secular faculties.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="128"><a href="#citable__128"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuits served there much the same as they did in Hradec Krlovas leaders of Marian Sodalities and spiritual counsellors to boy scouts.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="128"><a href="#citable__128"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>F229 .L6 The Spirit of Jesuit education [videorecording]: bicentennial reflections, Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities, produced by Frank Frost Productions, Inc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="128"><a href="#citable__128"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Many Czech Province Jesuits served people suffering from the Black Death, sometimes paying the ultimate price.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__410" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="410">Jesuits also operate retreat houses, for the purpose of offering the Spiritual Exercises (above) and other types of days of prayer or spiritual programs extended over weekends or weeks.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="410"><a href="#citable__410"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuit spiritual exercises are a daily ritual for Jesuits.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="410"><a href="#citable__410"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuits offered to demonstrate, that, according to their Constitutions, their Society considered as a body possesses nothing; that the property belongs to each Convent, or House, or College of the Order, which, consequently, are not security for each other.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="410"><a href="#citable__410"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>It is important to note that only a couple of other universities offer a Ph.D. program in Islamic studies.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__401" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="401">The oldest Jesuit retreat house in the United States is Mount Manresa in Staten Island, New York, and today there are 34 retreat houses or spirituality centers run by the order in the U.S. Jesuits also serve on the staffs of other retreat centers.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="401"><a href="#citable__401"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>New York, The United States Catholic historical society, 1934.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="401"><a href="#citable__401"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>New York, Jesuit Missions, inc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="401"><a href="#citable__401"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>There are 10 provincials in the United States.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_South_America">South America</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__10" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="10">In <a href="/Latin_America" title="Latin America">Latin America</a> Jesuit institutions are organized into the <a href="/Asociaci%C3%B3n_de_Universidades_Confiadas_a_la_Compa%C3%B1%C3%ADa_de_Jes%C3%BAs_en_Am%C3%A9rica_Latina" title="Asociación de Universidades Confiadas a la Compañía de Jesús en América Latina">Asociación de Universidades Confiadas a la Compañía de Jesús en América Latina</a> (Association of Universities Entrusted to the Jesuits in Latin America).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="10"><a href="#citable__10"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In fact, if you go to Maryland, theyve got the great big lodge across from a great big Jesuit institution, in Baltimorea great huge Shriner Lodge is across the street from a Jesuit University.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="10"><a href="#citable__10"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Histoire dun dsir contrari qui sexprime souvent (ex de la mission en Kabylie).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="10"><a href="#citable__10"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A lawsuit for the closing of Claremont College was instituted before the Parlement , and Estienne Pasquier, counsel for the university , delivered a celebrated plaidoyer against the Jesuits .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Asia">Asia</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__52" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="52">In the <a href="/Philippines" title="Philippines">Philippines</a>, the Jesuit universities are all independent, although they maintain institutional ties.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="52"><a href="#citable__52"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A search of all Jesuits was made, although they were not charged.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="52"><a href="#citable__52"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In fact, if you go to Maryland, theyve got the great big lodge across from a great big Jesuit institution, in Baltimorea great huge Shriner Lodge is across the street from a Jesuit University.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="52"><a href="#citable__52"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Jesuits of the southern dioceses affected to regard the briefs as spurious, and they maintained the campaign of intrigue and calumny which they had conducted for some time against the Bishop of Pamiers.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__344" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="344">The <a href="/Ateneo_de_Manila_University" title="Ateneo de Manila University">Ateneo de Manila University</a>, <a href="/Sacred_Heart_School-Jesuit" title="Sacred Heart School-Jesuit" class="mw-redirect">Sacred Heart School-Jesuit Cebu</a>, <a href="/Ateneo_de_Naga_University" title="Ateneo de Naga University">Ateneo de Naga University</a>, <a href="/Xavier_University_(Cagayan_de_Oro)" title="Xavier University (Cagayan de Oro)" class="mw-redirect">Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan</a>, <a href="/Ateneo_de_Zamboanga_University" title="Ateneo de Zamboanga University">Ateneo de Zamboanga University</a>, Marian College of Ipil, and <a href="/Ateneo_de_Davao_University" title="Ateneo de Davao University">Ateneo de Davao University</a> are all loosely federated.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="344"><a href="#citable__344"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>(Federal grants and loans to Jesuit colleges, universities and their programs are in the billions).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="344"><a href="#citable__344"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>F229 .L6 The Spirit of Jesuit education [videorecording]: bicentennial reflections, Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities, produced by Frank Frost Productions, Inc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="344"><a href="#citable__344"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the places where they had their colleges the Jesuits also built large schools and halls of residence.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__327" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="327">An affiliated association, Mindanao Consortium of Ateneo Universities, groups all of the Jesuit universities located in <a href="/Mindanao" title="Mindanao">Mindanao</a> island with the purpose of promoting Muslim-Christian unity and dialogue as well as to exchange knowledge and expertise in various academic fields.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="327"><a href="#citable__327"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Church leaders thought that this collaboration could favor dialogue, reciprocal esteem and understanding between Christians and Muslims.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="327"><a href="#citable__327"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>At the level of Christian-Muslim relations, the GRIC (Groupe de Recherches Islamo-Chrtiennes) has a team in Belgium, which has however reduced its activities recently.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="327"><a href="#citable__327"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>F229 .L6 The Spirit of Jesuit education [videorecording]: bicentennial reflections, Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities, produced by Frank Frost Productions, Inc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">In <a href="/India" title="India">India</a>, the Jesuits run top colleges and schools in the country including <a href="/St._Joseph%27s_Boys%27_High_School,_Bangalore" title="St. Joseph's Boys' High School, Bangalore">St. Joseph's Boys' High School, Bangalore</a> (alumni include <a href="/Rahul_Dravid" title="Rahul Dravid">Rahul Dravid</a>, <a href="/Sabeer_Bhatia" title="Sabeer Bhatia">Sabeer Bhatia</a>, Nikihl Chinnapa),St. Lawrence High School, Kolkata, <a href="/Loyola_College,_Chennai" title="Loyola College, Chennai">Loyola College, Chennai</a>, <a href="/St._Joseph%27s_College,_Tiruchirapalli" title="St. Joseph's College, Tiruchirapalli">St. Joseph's College</a>, <a href="/Tiruchirapalli" title="Tiruchirapalli" class="mw-redirect">Tiruchirapalli</a>, <a href="/St._Xavier%27s_College,_Mumbai" title="St. Xavier's College, Mumbai">St. Xavier's College, Mumbai</a>, <a href="/St._Xavier%27s_College,_Calcutta" title="St. Xavier's College, Calcutta">St. Xavier's College, Calcutta</a>, <a href="/XLRI" title="XLRI">Xavier Labour Relations Institute</a>, <a href="/Jamshedpur" title="Jamshedpur">Jamshedpur</a>, <a href="/Xavier_Institute_of_Management,_Bhubaneswar" title="Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar">Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar</a> (XIMB), <a href="/Campion_School_Bhopal" title="Campion School Bhopal">Campion School Bhopal</a>, <a href="/Loyola_School,_Jamshedpur" title="Loyola School, Jamshedpur">Loyola School, Jamshedpur</a>, <a href="/St._Xavier%27s_High_School_Loyola_Hall" title="St. Xavier's High School Loyola Hall">St. Xavier's High School Loyola Hall</a>, Ahmedabad, <a href="/Loyola_School,_Thiruvananthapuram" title="Loyola School, Thiruvananthapuram">Loyola School, Thiruvananthapuram</a>,St.Aloysius College, Mangalore, St Xavier's College, Thiruananthapuram, St Xavier's College, Palayamkottai, Loyola College, Kunkuri, St Xavier's College, Balipara, St Joseph's College, Tiruchirapalli, St Xavier's College, Goa, Andhra Loyola College, Vijaywada, Loyola Academy, Secunderabad, Xavier Institute of Social Service (XISS) and Xavier Institute of Development and Service (XIDAS), St Vincent's High School, Pune and St Xavier's College, Ranchi, St Xavier's College, Ahmedabad. <a name="citable__115" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="115">They also run some of the top theological colleges in India the famous ones being Jnana Deepa Vidyapeeth, Pune (De Nobili College) and Vidyajyoti College of Theology, Delhi.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="115"><a href="#citable__115"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On 7 July 1556 they opened theological and philosophical colleges as well as an academy (analogous to a grammar school).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="115"><a href="#citable__115"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Ricci's idea of adapting Christianity to local culture was applied to India by Robert De Nobili (1577 - 1658).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://mb-soft.com/believe/text/jesuit.htm">mb-soft.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="115"><a href="#citable__115"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>When the Protestants cast off the yoke of the Emperor in 1618, they swept the Jesuits from their country and burned some of their colleges.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> They also run 9 Regional Theology Centers (RTC) for contextual theologies in diverse regions of the country. <a name="citable__155" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="155">Their educational institutions also have some of the country's best sportspersons producing centers, prominent among them being St Ignatius High School, Gumla, St Mary's High School, Samtoli, Loyola School Jakhama (Kohima).</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="155"><a href="#citable__155"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Missions: Letters from the missions were instituted by St. Ignatius.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="155"><a href="#citable__155"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>High school cross country » .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="155"><a href="#citable__155"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>High school cross country .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__29" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="29">Some of the top bureaucrats and politicians (including those opposing Christianity) are Jesuit school alumni.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="29"><a href="#citable__29"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Christians are called to love all people, including those who engage in homosexual behavior.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Inclusiveness of Jesus </c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.inplainsite.org/html/inclusiveness_of_jesus_.html">www.inplainsite.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="29"><a href="#citable__29"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>But a few people asked whether there are special rules for the Jesuit schools (including Dallas Jesuit) set by the UIL. .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="29"><a href="#citable__29"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>That included the Protestant, Calvinist, Huguenots, which of course included those who would have followed Admiral Coligny, who the Jesuits murdered with that she-wolf, Catherine de Medici.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <sup class="Template-Fact" title="This claim needs references to reliable sources from July 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[<em>citation needed</em>]</sup></div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__102" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="102">In <a href="/Indonesia" title="Indonesia">Indonesia</a>, the Jesuits run seven junior and/or high schools, including Canisius College (<a href="/Kolese_Kanisius" title="Kolese Kanisius" class="mw-redirect">Kolese Kanisius</a>), St.Mikael College, De Britto College, Loyola College (<a href="/Kolese_Loyola" title="Kolese Loyola">Kolese Loyola</a>), Junior High School of Wood Technology (PIKA), Gonzaga College, and Le Coq d'Armanville College.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="102"><a href="#citable__102"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Categories: Hebron , High school basketball , Hurst L.D. Bell , Irving , Jesuit , Lincoln , Pinkston , Rockwall , Sherman .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="102"><a href="#citable__102"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Categories: Bishop Lynch , High school football , Jesuit , Lake Highlands , Mesquite .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="102"><a href="#citable__102"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Posted by Joseph Fromm at 1:00 AM 0 comments Labels: Jesuit Educated , Jesuit High School .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com/">goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__324" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="324">In <a href="/Hong_Kong" title="Hong Kong">Hong Kong</a> S.A.R., the Jesuits run two leading secondary schools, <a href="/Wah_Yan_College,_Kowloon" title="Wah Yan College, Kowloon">Wah Yan College, Kowloon</a> and <a href="/Wah_Yan_College,_Hong_Kong" title="Wah Yan College, Hong Kong">Wah Yan College, Hong Kong</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="324"><a href="#citable__324"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the places where they had their colleges the Jesuits also built large schools and halls of residence.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="324"><a href="#citable__324"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Former Park star leads Findlay past Wheeling Jesuit, Gompers Ties School Record .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Athletics Landing Page - Wheeling Jesuit University</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wju.edu/athletics/">www.wju.edu</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="324"><a href="#citable__324"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>And it is a matter of record that Lee Oswald was invited to address the Jesuit college in Springhill, Alabama, on the subject of his activities, two weeks before the Kennedy Assassination.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">In <a href="/Japan" title="Japan">Japan</a>, the Jesuits founded <a href="/Sophia_University" title="Sophia University">Sophia University</a>. <a name="citable__116" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="116">It is considered to be one of the best private universities in the country, and is one of <a href="/Tokyo%27s_top_ranked_private_universities" title="Tokyo's top ranked private universities" class="mw-redirect">Tokyo's top ranked private universities</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="116"><a href="#citable__116"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Considering this, I oriented my Islamic studies in two directions which seem to me essential to help, however little, Christians and Muslims of my country to understand one another.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">In <a href="/Korea" title="Korea">Korea</a>, the Jesuits are running <a href="/Sogang_University" title="Sogang University">Sogang University</a>. It is established in February, 1960. It is founded by Art Dethlefs, Basil Price, Jin Song Man(진성만), Theodor Geppert, Ken Killoren and Clancy Herbst. Nowadays Sogang University is considered to be one of the best private universities in Korea.</div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__380" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="380">In <a href="/Taiwan" title="Taiwan">Taiwan</a>, Jesuits founded the Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Management of the Catholic Fu-Jen University during the 1950s.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="380"><a href="#citable__380"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Illuminati was publicly founded May 1, 1776 at the University of Ingolstadt by Weishaupt, Professor of Canon Law.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>legends</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.internationalnewsagency.org/legends2.htm">www.internationalnewsagency.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="380"><a href="#citable__380"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>According to the Jesuit Molina, in the tape I just sent you, it is lawful to killand they will kill as many Roman Catholics as necessary to bring this plan to fruition.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="380"><a href="#citable__380"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Old print of the Witch Trials of Trier is found (here) Posted by Joseph Fromm at 12:58 AM 0 comments Labels: German Jesuit , Jesuit History , Jesuits and the Law .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Good Jesuit, Bad Jesuit</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com/">goodjesuitbadjesuit.blogspot.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> In 2003 another new Faculty of Social Sciences was derived from the Faculty of Law. <a name="citable__391" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="391">Thus until today, the <a href="/Fu_Jen_Catholic_University" title="Fu Jen Catholic University">Fu Jen Catholic University</a> is still considered to be one of the best private universities in Taiwan.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="391"><a href="#citable__391"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Even if the mercy of Matthew 5:7 is the mercy we think of today, thus lacking the sense of compassionate social obligation, one can still argue that mercy may be found in war.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Warfare and the Ethics of Jesus Christ</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wcg.org/lit/ethics/War03.htm">www.wcg.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Australia">Australia</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__341" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="341">In <a href="/Australia" title="Australia">Australia</a>, the Jesuits run a number of high schools including <a href="/Xavier_College_(Melbourne)" title="Xavier College (Melbourne)" class="mw-redirect">Xavier College</a>, <a href="/St_Ignatius%27_College,_Riverview" title="St Ignatius' College, Riverview" class="mw-redirect">St Ignatius' College, Riverview</a>, Loyola Senior High School, Mount Druitt, <a href="/Saint_Ignatius%27_College,_Athelstone" title="Saint Ignatius' College, Athelstone" class="mw-redirect">Saint Ignatius' College, Athelstone</a> and <a href="/St_Aloysius%27_College_(Sydney)" title="St Aloysius' College (Sydney)">St Aloysius' College</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="341"><a href="#citable__341"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Categories: High school swimming , Jesuit .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="341"><a href="#citable__341"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Categories: High school football , Jesuit .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="341"><a href="#citable__341"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Categories: Bishop Lynch , High school football , Jesuit , Lake Highlands , Mesquite .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>High School Sports Dallas-Fort Worth High Schools Sports Blog | News for Dallas, Texas | Dallas Morning News </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com/archives/jesuit/">highschoolsportsblog.dallasnews.com</a> [Source type: General]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Africa">Africa</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__132" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="132">In Egypt, the Jesuits run College de la Sainte Famille, a private boys school in Fagalla, Cairo.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="132"><a href="#citable__132"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Many of the documents are collected in the Annales de La Societe des soi-disans Jesuites.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="132"><a href="#citable__132"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>During the year and a half that I lived in Cairo I explored various aspects of Egyptian Islam and had the experience of teaching mixed classes of Muslims and Christians in the Jesuit college in Cairo.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Young Jesuits in Islamic Studies Meet in Istanbul</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.creighton.edu/sjdialogue/documents/articles/jesuits_studying_islam.htm">groups.creighton.edu</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="132"><a href="#citable__132"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>France: On the twenty-sixth of October, the parish priests of Rouen protested against the slanders, bad doctrines, and immiorality of the Reverend Father Jesuit Berard, De La Briere, and of Brisacier Rector of the College.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> They are also involved in charitable organisations in the South of the country.</div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Publications">Publications</span></h2> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block">Jesuits are also known for their involvement in publications. <a name="citable__25" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="25"><em><a href="/La_Civilt%C3%A0_Cattolica" title="La Civiltà Cattolica">La Civiltà Cattolica</a></em>, a periodical produced in Rome by the Jesuits, has often been used as a semi-official platform for popes and Vatican officials to float ideas for discussion or hint at future statements or positions.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="25"><a href="#citable__25"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Jesuits, and he at their head, had used to be issued from Rome, should be registered on the fourteenth of January, 1715.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="25"><a href="#citable__25"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Now the Jesuits are in control of England throughout the 1800s, and they use the British Empire to further the power of the Pope.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="25"><a href="#citable__25"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Louis conceived the idea of uniting all the French Jesuits under a vicar, independent of the general in Rome .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__53" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="53">In the United States, <em><a href="/America_(magazine)" title="America (magazine)">America</a></em> magazine has long had a prominent place in intellectual Catholic circles, and the Jesuits produce <em>Company</em>, a periodical specifically about Jesuit activities.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="53"><a href="#citable__53"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Act of 1871 overturned the United States Constitutional Republic (as defined in the 1788 " Constitution for the United States of America ").</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>911:Vatican & Jesuits - Wikicompany</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://wikicompany.org/wiki/911:Vatican_%26_Jesuits">wikicompany.org</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="53"><a href="#citable__53"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>New York, The United States Catholic historical society, 1934.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="53"><a href="#citable__53"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Phelps: Because, if its ever known that the Jesuits killed our first Roman Catholic President, if the Roman Catholics of Northeastern America ever find that out, and ever believe it, the Jesuits are finished here.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__333" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="333">Most Jesuit colleges and universities have their own presses which produce a variety of books, book series, textbooks and academic publications as well.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="333"><a href="#citable__333"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>F229 .L6 The Spirit of Jesuit education [videorecording]: bicentennial reflections, Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities, produced by Frank Frost Productions, Inc.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="333"><a href="#citable__333"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The Wheeling Jesuit University womens soccer team (4-4) defeated Lake Erie College (2-4-2) 2-0 on Tuesday afternoon at Slattery Field in Painesville, OH. .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Athletics Landing Page - Wheeling Jesuit University</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wju.edu/athletics/">www.wju.edu</a> [Source type: News]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="333"><a href="#citable__333"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Martin: For me, one of the most compelling portions of your book was the series of revelations about Lincoln.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__375" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="375"><a href="/Ignatius_Press" title="Ignatius Press">Ignatius Press</a>, staffed by Jesuits, is an independent publisher of Catholic books, most of which are of the popular academic or lay-intellectual variety.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="375"><a href="#citable__375"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BX4700.F75 C54 The life of St. Ignatius, founder of the Society of Jesus, to which is prefixed a sketch of the Institute of the Jesuits, by a Catholic clergyman, by Dominique Bouhours.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="375"><a href="#citable__375"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>In the end seven Jesuit priests and a lay-brother were executed, a large number of Jesuits, secular priests, and laymen were imprisoned, and a reign of terror fell upon the Catholic population.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="375"><a href="#citable__375"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>A book entitled "Monarchia Solipsorum" was published in Venice: the author was the Reverend Father Jesuit Melchior Inchofer, who died in Rome, on the 28th of September, 1648.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__307" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="307">In Australia, the Jesuits run a winery at <a href="http://www.sevenhillcellars.com.au/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Sevenhill</a>, the Jesuit Mission Australia, and they produce a number of magazines, including <a href="/Eureka_Street" title="Eureka Street">Eureka Street</a>, Madonna, Australian Catholics, and Province Express.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="307"><a href="#citable__307"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>We find that from General Ricci downward the Jesuits intrigue or rebel wherever they have large local support and are not subject to a powerful Catholic monarch.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="307"><a href="#citable__307"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As I said above twenty three Jesuits of the Czech Province were not interned because they were living abroad at the time of operation K. They were the first of all the Jesuit groups who worked abroadprofessors, missionaries or priests, who were preparing themselves for work in missions.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="307"><a href="#citable__307"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The only one, I believe, they didnt kill was a priest, whose name was Gabriel, who was a decent and a righteous Catholic priest who repudiated the Jesuit Order.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Jesuit_buildings">Jesuit buildings</span></h2> <div class="rellink boilerplate seealso">See also: <a href="/Jesuit_Church" title="Jesuit Church">Jesuit Church</a></div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:252px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/06/1/4/5/95038102986199511.jpg" width="250" height="188" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/Ruins_of_St._Paul%27s" title="Ruins of St. Paul's">Ruins of Saint Paul's Church</a>, <a href="/Macau" title="Macau">Macau</a>, one of many churches built by the Jesuits in Asia during the 16th and 17th centuries</div> </div> </div> <div class="thumb tright"> <div class="thumbinner" style="width:302px;"><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/11/4/0/2/4415032395391295.jpg" width="300" height="379" class="thumbimage" /> <div class="thumbcaption"> <div class="magnify"><img src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/7/4/4/3695493113783710.png" width="15" height="11" alt="" /></div> <a href="/Church_of_the_Gesu" title="Church of the Gesu">Church of the Gesu</a>, <a href="/Mother_church" title="Mother church" class="mw-redirect">mother church</a> of the Society of Jesus in <a href="/Rome" title="Rome">Rome</a></div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><a name="citable__385" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="385">Many buildings and ruins give witness to the order's construction activity worldwide.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="385"><a href="#citable__385"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Today, who is the Superior General of the Jesuits, the so-called "Black Pope" [ black here refers to hidden, evil activities, not to race or color ] who gives the orders to the actual Pope.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope Count Hans Kolvenbach,The Jesuit�s General</c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.theforbiddenknowledge.com/hardtruth/blackpope.htm">www.theforbiddenknowledge.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="385"><a href="#citable__385"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Today, who is the Superior General of the Jesuits, the so-called Black Pope [ black here refers to hidden, evil activities, not to race or color ] who gives the orders to the actual Pope.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Among these are:</div> <ul> <li><a href="/Sant%27Ignazio" title="Sant'Ignazio">Sant'Ignazio</a> di Loyola in <a href="/Rome" title="Rome">Rome</a>, <a href="/Italy" title="Italy">Italy</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.bomjesus.in" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Basilica of Bom Jesus, Old Goa</a> The Shrine of Saint Francis Xavier</li> <li>Saint-Paul-Saint-Louis Church in Paris</li> <li><a href="/Jesuit_Church,_Molsheim" title="Jesuit Church, Molsheim">The Jesuit Church</a> of Molsheim</li> <li><a href="/Ruins_of_St._Paul%27s" title="Ruins of St. Paul's">Ruins of Saint Paul's Church</a> in <a href="/Macau" title="Macau">Macau</a></li> <li>Ruins of San <a href="/Ignacio" title="Ignacio">Ignacio</a> Church in the <a href="/Philippines" title="Philippines">Philippines</a></li> <li><a href="/Basilica_of_Bom_Jesus" title="Basilica of Bom Jesus">Basilica of Bom Jesus</a> near Panaji, <a href="/Goa" title="Goa">Goa</a>, in <a href="/India" title="India">India</a></li> <li>St. Aloysius College Chapel, Mangalore, India</li> <li><a href="/Church_of_the_Ges%C3%B9" title="Church of the Gesù" class="mw-redirect">Church of the Gesù</a> in <a href="/Rome" title="Rome">Rome</a>, <a href="/Italy" title="Italy">Italy</a></li> <li>Iglesia de San Ildefonso/Iglesia de los Jesuitas (The Jesuit church)in <a href="/Toledo,_Spain" title="Toledo, Spain">Toledo, Spain</a></li> <li><a href="/Igreja_de_S%C3%A3o_Roque_(Lisbon)" title="Igreja de São Roque (Lisbon)" class="mw-redirect">São Roque Church</a> in <a href="/Lisbon" title="Lisbon">Lisbon</a>, <a href="/Portugal" title="Portugal">Portugal</a></li> <li><a href="/Church_of_the_Gesu_(Philippines)" title="Church of the Gesu (Philippines)">Ateneo de Manila University Church of the Gesu</a> in the <a href="/Philippines" title="Philippines">Philippines</a></li> <li><a href="/La_Santisima_Trinidad_de_Parana" title="La Santisima Trinidad de Parana" class="mw-redirect">La Santisima Trinidad de Parana</a> in <a href="/Paraguay" title="Paraguay">Paraguay</a></li> <li><a href="/Jesuit_Missions_of_the_Chiquitos" title="Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos">Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos</a> in <a href="/Bolivia" title="Bolivia">Bolivia</a></li> <li><a href="/Colegio_San_Ignacio_de_Loyola" title="Colegio San Ignacio de Loyola">Colegio San Ignacio de Loyola</a> in <a href="/San_Juan,_Puerto_Rico" title="San Juan, Puerto Rico">San Juan</a> de <a href="/Puerto_Rico" title="Puerto Rico">Puerto Rico</a></li> <li><a href="/Belen_School" title="Belen School" class="mw-redirect">Belen School</a> in <a href="/Havana" title="Havana">Havana</a>, <a href="/Cuba" title="Cuba">Cuba</a></li> <li><a href="/Felix_Granda" title="Felix Granda">Belen Church</a> in <a href="/Havana" title="Havana">Havana</a>, <a href="/Cuba" title="Cuba">Cuba</a></li> <li><a href="/St._Ignatius_Cathedral" title="St. Ignatius Cathedral" class="mw-redirect">St. Ignatius Cathedral</a> in <a href="/Xujiahui" title="Xujiahui">Xujiahui</a>, <a href="/Shanghai" title="Shanghai">Shanghai</a>, <a href="/China" title="China">China</a></li> <li><a href="/Stonyhurst_College" title="Stonyhurst College">Stonyhurst College</a> in <a href="/Lancashire" title="Lancashire">Lancashire</a>, <a href="/United_Kingdom" title="United Kingdom">United Kingdom</a></li> <li><a href="/St_Beuno%27s" title="St Beuno's">St Beuno's</a> College a Jesuit Spirituality and Retreat Centre in Wales, UK</li> <li><a href="/St_Aloysius%27_College_(Sydney)" title="St Aloysius' College (Sydney)">St Aloysius' College</a> in <a href="/Sydney" title="Sydney">Sydney</a>, <a href="/Australia" title="Australia">Australia</a></li> <li><a href="/Saint_Ignatius%27_College,_Riverview" title="Saint Ignatius' College, Riverview">Saint Ignatius' College</a>, in Riverview, <a href="/Australia" title="Australia">Australia</a></li> <li><a href="/St._Ignatius_College_Preparatory_School" title="St. Ignatius College Preparatory School">St. Ignatius College Preparatory School</a> in <a href="/Chicago,_Illinois" title="Chicago, Illinois" class="mw-redirect">Chicago, Illinois</a>, <a href="/United_States_of_America" title="United States of America" class="mw-redirect">United States of America</a></li> <li><a href="/Jesuit_College_Preparatory_School" title="Jesuit College Preparatory School" class="mw-redirect">Jesuit College Preparatory School</a> in <a href="/Dallas,_Texas" title="Dallas, Texas" class="mw-redirect">Dallas, Texas</a>, <a href="/United_States_of_America" title="United States of America" class="mw-redirect">United States of America</a></li> <li><a href="/Strake_Jesuit_College_Preparatory" title="Strake Jesuit College Preparatory">Strake Jesuit College Preparatory</a> in <a href="/Houston,_Texas" title="Houston, Texas" class="mw-redirect">Houston, Texas</a>, <a href="/United_States_of_America" title="United States of America" class="mw-redirect">United States of America</a></li> <li><a href="/Saint_Ignatius_Church_(San_Francisco)" title="Saint Ignatius Church (San Francisco)">St Ignatius Church</a> in <a href="/San_Francisco,_California" title="San Francisco, California" class="mw-redirect">San Francisco, California</a>, <a href="/United_States_of_America" title="United States of America" class="mw-redirect">United States of America</a></li> <li>St. Ignatius Chapel in Kowloon, Hong Kong S.A.R. (inside the campus of Wah Yan College, Kowloon)</li> <li>The Church of the Society of Jesus in <a href="/Cuzco" title="Cuzco" class="mw-redirect">Cuzco</a> – <a href="/Peru" title="Peru">Peru</a></li> <li>St. Peter of Lima – <a href="/Peru" title="Peru">Peru</a></li> <li><a href="/Cathedral_of_Salvador" title="Cathedral of Salvador">Cathedral of Salvador</a> in <a href="/Brazil" title="Brazil">Brazil</a></li> <li><a href="/New_Cathedral_of_Coimbra" title="New Cathedral of Coimbra">New Cathedral of Coimbra</a>, in <a href="/Portugal" title="Portugal">Portugal</a></li> <li><a href="/St_Ignatius_College_(Galway)" title="St Ignatius College (Galway)">St. Ignatius College</a> in <a href="/Galway" title="Galway">Galway</a>, <a href="/Ireland" title="Ireland">Ireland</a> (<em>Gaeilge</em> Coláiste Iognáid)</li> <li>St Ignatius Primary School, church and college in North London</li> <li><a href="/Regis_High_School_(New_York_City)" title="Regis High School (New York City)">Regis High School</a>, a tuition-free private college preparatory in <a href="/New_York_City" title="New York City">New York City</a>, <a href="/New_York" title="New York">New York</a></li> <li><a href="/Loyola_College,_Chennai" title="Loyola College, Chennai">Loyola College</a>, one of India's top colleges, located at <a href="/Chennai" title="Chennai">Chennai</a>, <a href="/India" title="India">India</a></li> <li><a href="/St._Xavier_High_School,_Cincinnati" title="St. Xavier High School, Cincinnati" class="mw-redirect">St. Xavier High School, Cincinnati</a> a private, all-male, college-preparatory high school in <a href="/Cincinnati" title="Cincinnati">Cincinnati</a>, <a href="/Ohio" title="Ohio">Ohio</a></li> <li><a href="/Xavier_High_School_(New_York_City)" title="Xavier High School (New York City)">St. Francis Xavier High School, New York</a> a private, all-male, college preparatory high school in <a href="/New_York" title="New York">New York</a>, <a href="/New_York" title="New York">New York</a></li> <li><a href="/Xavier_College" title="Xavier College">Xavier College</a> a private school in <a href="/Melbourne" title="Melbourne">Melbourne</a>, <a href="/Australia" title="Australia">Australia</a> for boys from kindergarten to year 12. Well known for its chapel.</li> <li><a href="/Universidad_Cat%C3%B3lica_Andr%C3%A9s_Bello" title="Universidad Católica Andrés Bello" class="mw-redirect">Universidad Católica Andrés Bello</a> campus buildings, in <a href="/Caracas" title="Caracas">Caracas</a>, <a href="/Venezuela" title="Venezuela">Venezuela</a></li> <li><a href="/Pontificia_Universidad_Javeriana" title="Pontificia Universidad Javeriana" class="mw-redirect">Pontificia Universidad Javeriana</a> campus buildings, in <a href="/Bogot%C3%A1" title="Bogotá">Bogotá</a>, <a href="/Colombia" title="Colombia">Colombia</a></li> <li>Colegio del Salvador a private, all male college and school with Church in <a href="/Buenos_Aires" title="Buenos Aires">Buenos Aires</a>, <a href="/Argentina" title="Argentina">Argentina</a></li> <li><a href="/Saint_Ignatius_High_School_(Cleveland)" title="Saint Ignatius High School (Cleveland)">St. Ignatius High School</a> in <a href="/Cleveland,_Ohio" title="Cleveland, Ohio" class="mw-redirect">Cleveland, Ohio</a>, an all-male college preparatory school</li> <li><a href="/University_of_Detroit_Jesuit" title="University of Detroit Jesuit" class="mw-redirect">University of Detroit Jesuit High School and Academy</a> in <a href="/Detroit,_MI" title="Detroit, MI" class="mw-redirect">Detroit, MI</a>, an all-male college preparatory school</li> <li><a href="/Walsh_Jesuit_High_School" title="Walsh Jesuit High School">Walsh Jesuit High School</a> in Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio, a co-ed college preparatory school.</li> <li>Church of Carolus Borromeus (<a href="http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carolus_Borromeuskerk" class="extiw" title="nl:Carolus Borromeuskerk">Carolus Borromeuskerk</a>, Dutch wiki) in <a href="/Antwerp" title="Antwerp">Antwerp</a>, with several magnificent works of Rubens. <a name="citable__59" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="59">First dedicated to Ignatius de Loyola, then in 1773 renamed to the church of <a href="/Charles_Borromeo" title="Charles Borromeo">Charles Borromeo</a>.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="59"><a href="#citable__59"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Juan de Vega, ambassador of Charles V at Rome , had learnt to know and esteem Ignatius there, and when he was appointed Viceroy of Sicily he brought Jesuits with him.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pre-1773 History of the Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14086a.htm">www.newadvent.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="59"><a href="#citable__59"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Also read the first and second points of the second week of "The Spiritual Exercises of Saint Ignatius of Loyola".</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>JESUIT </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://members.foothills.net/ricefile/JesVat.htm">members.foothills.net</a> [Source type: Original source]</li><li> <em><c_title>Illuminati News: Confession No. 6 - The Search For America's Hidden Enemy Continues With The Jesuits </c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.illuminati-news.com/052806a.htm">www.illuminati-news.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="59"><a href="#citable__59"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BX 3705 .A2 D6 1969 Ignatius Loyola: a general in the church militant, by Robert Harvey.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__396" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="396">More Jesuit churches on the <a href="http://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Categorie:Jezu%C3%AFetenkerk" class="extiw" title="nl:Categorie:Jezuïetenkerk">Dutch wiki</a>.</li> <li><a href="/Church_of_the_Jesuits" title="Church of the Jesuits">Church of the Jesuits</a> (Jesuitenkirche) 1712–1872 in <a href="/Heidelberg" title="Heidelberg">Heidelberg</a>, <a href="/Germany" title="Germany">Germany</a>.</li> <li><a href="/Church_of_the_Jesuits" title="Church of the Jesuits">Church of the Jesuits</a> (Jesuitenkirche) in Koblenz, Germany.</li> <li><a href="/Church_of_the_Jesuits" title="Church of the Jesuits">Church of the Jesuits</a> (Jesuitenkirche) in Mannheim, Germany.</li> <li><a href="/Church_of_the_Jesuits" title="Church of the Jesuits">Church of the Jesuits</a> (Jesuitenkirche/St.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="396"><a href="#citable__396"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>On the occasion of St. Agnes canonisation more Jesuits came from Czechoslovakia, also some young scholastics, who were then studying in Litomice.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="396"><a href="#citable__396"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Before his death in 1556 St. Ignatius sent the first 12 Jesuits to Prague to a newly prepared home by St. Clements Church (the former Dominican monastery).</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> Michael) in Munich, Germany.</li> <li><a href="/Church_of_the_Jesuits" title="Church of the Jesuits">Church of the Jesuits</a> (Jesuitenkirche) in Hall in Tirol, Austria.</li> <li><a href="/Church_of_the_Jesuits" title="Church of the Jesuits">Church of the Jesuits</a> (Jesuitenkirche) in Innsbruck, Austria.</li> <li><a href="/Church_of_the_Jesuits" title="Church of the Jesuits">Church of the Jesuits</a> (Jesuitenkirche) in Vienna, Austria.</li> <li><a href="/Church_of_the_Jesuits" title="Church of the Jesuits">Church of the Jesuits</a> (Jesuitenkirche) in Lucern, Switzerland.</li> <li><a href="/Church_of_the_Jesuits" title="Church of the Jesuits">Church of the Jesuits</a> (Jesuitenkirche) in Soluthurn, Switzerland.</li> <li><a href="/St._Raphael_the_Archangel_Catholic_Church" title="St. Raphael the Archangel Catholic Church">St. Raphael the Archangel Catholic Church</a>, in North Carolina, United States</li> <li>Church of the Sacred Hearth, in Valladolid, Spain.</li> <li>Saint Joseph School, Primary and Secondary School in Valladolid, Spain</li> <li>Christ the King, High School in Valladolid, Spain</li> </ul> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Popular_culture">Popular culture</span></h2> <a name="citable__211" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="211"><ul> <li><em><a href="/The_Mission_(film)" title="The Mission (film)">The Mission</a></em> 1986 award winning film in which 18th century Spanish Jesuits try to protect a remote South American Indian tribe in danger of falling under the rule of pro-slavery Portugal.</li> <li><em><a href="/Black_Robe" title="Black Robe">Black Robe</a></em> 1991 film about a Jesuit in 17th century Quebec and his struggles with the <a href="/Algonquin" title="Algonquin">Algonquin</a> tribe.</li> <li><em><a href="/The_Exorcist" title="The Exorcist">The Exorcist</a></em> Novel and film set at Georgetown University and Fordham University, two Jesuit schools, with two Jesuit priests as exorcists.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="211"><a href="#citable__211"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>He is the complete and total pawn of the Jesuit Order ruling from Georgetown University.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Black Pope</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.remnantofgod.org/blackpope.htm">www.remnantofgod.org</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="211"><a href="#citable__211"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>History of the Jesuits 17th and 18th Centuries .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>The Jesuits Unveiled</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.stanleyhero.com/history/The-Jesuits-Unveiled/The-Jesuits-Unveiled_2.php">www.stanleyhero.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="211"><a href="#citable__211"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>BX 3706 .C51 1910 Father Laval; or, The Jesuit missionary: a tale of the North American Indians, by James McSherry.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Society of Jesus Publications :: UDM Libraries / Instructional Design Studio</c_title></em> <c_date>17 January 2010 2:16 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://research.udmercy.edu/find/special_collections/print/jesuit.php">research.udmercy.edu</a> [Source type: Academic]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <a name="citable__370" class="citable__local-anchor">.</a><span class='citationPopup' rel="370">The novel and screenplay were written by William Peter Blatty, a 1950 graduate of the school.</li> <li><em><a href="/Possessed_(2000_film)" title="Possessed (2000 film)">Possessed (2000 film)</a></em> a film based on a book by <a href="/Thomas_B._Allen_(author)" title="Thomas B. Allen (author)">Thomas B. Allen (author)</a> concerning the same events that inspired <em><a href="/The_Exorcist" title="The Exorcist">The Exorcist</a></em>.</li> <li><em><a href="/The_Sparrow_(novel)" title="The Sparrow (novel)">The Sparrow</a></em> 1996 science fiction novel about a Jesuit mission to an alien world.</span><span class="citable__li" citable_id="370"><a href="#citable__370"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>The principal missionaries who served in or wrote about Wisconsin, or are mentioned in Jesuit Relations concerning Wisconsin: .</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Jesuits</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/dictionary/index.asp?action=view&term_id=785&keyword=wisconsin">www.wisconsinhistory.org</a> [Source type: Reference]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="370"><a href="#citable__370"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>As a break between events of the first and other two stages of dispersal I would like to note at least a few facts about Jesuits abroad.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title>Czech Jesuits During the Communist Oppression</c_title></em> <c_date>2 February 2010 8:15 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://www.svobodat.com/sj/">www.svobodat.com</a> [Source type: Original source]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> <span class="citable__li" citable_id="370"><a href="#citable__370"><strong>^</strong></a> <c_txt>Father Coyne is a Jesuit priest as well as a formally trained > > astronomer > > > and astrophysicist, and this combination has made him one of the > > > great ambassadors for the church to the world of science.</c_txt><div style="padding-left: 10px"><small><c_src><ul><li> <em><c_title> A Jesuit priest looks at "the fertile cosmos" - talk.origins | Google Groups </c_title></em> <c_date>22 January 2010 20:020 UTC</c_date> <a href="http://groups.google.com/group/talk.origins/browse_thread/thread/837250a56e955565">groups.google.com</a> [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]</li></ul></c_src></small></div><br></span> (See also its 1998 sequel, <em><a href="/Children_of_God_(novel)" title="Children of God (novel)">Children of God</a></em>.)</li> <li><em><a href="/A_Case_of_Conscience" title="A Case of Conscience">A Case of Conscience</a></em> 1958 science fiction novel about a Jesuit mission to an alien world.</li> <li><em><a href="/Donald_Strachey" title="Donald Strachey">Donald Strachey</a></em> movies, Timothy was formerly a Jesuit student.</li> <li><em><a href="/The_Vicomte_de_Bragelonne" title="The Vicomte de Bragelonne" class="mw-redirect">The Vicomte de Bragelonne</a></em> Novel, by <a href="/Alexandre_Dumas" title="Alexandre Dumas" class="mw-redirect">Alexandre Dumas</a>, in which <a href="/Aramis" title="Aramis">Aramis</a>, once <a href="/Musketeer" title="Musketeer">musketeer</a> now turned Jesuit, plays a key role.</li> <li>Jack Ryan Series of Novels, by <a href="/Tom_Clancy" title="Tom Clancy">Tom Clancy</a>, which the main character Jack Ryan is noted as having been educated by the Jesuits at Boston College and Georgetown.</li> <li><em><a href="/A_Portrait_of_the_Artist_as_a_Young_Man" title="A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man">A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man</a></em> 1916 novel by <a href="/James_Joyce" title="James Joyce">James Joyce</a> in which the protagonist, <a href="/Stephen_Dedalus" title="Stephen Dedalus">Stephen Dedalus</a> is educated at Jesuit schools <a href="/Clongowes_Wood_College" title="Clongowes Wood College">Clongowes Wood College</a> and <a href="/Belvedere_College" title="Belvedere College">Belvedere College</a> while growing up in Ireland.</li> <li><em>The Jesuit</em> 1973 novel by John Gallahue about a Jesuit's mission to 1930s Russia.</li> <li><em><a href="/College_Road_Trip" title="College Road Trip">College Road Trip</a></em> Film takes place at Georgetown University, a Jesuit school.</li> <li>Commander Jeffrey Sinclair from <em><a href="/Babylon_5" title="Babylon 5">Babylon 5</a></em> states in the season 1 episode <a href="/By_Any_Means_Necessary_(Babylon_5)" title="By Any Means Necessary (Babylon 5)">By Any Means Necessary</a> that he received Jesuit education as a young man.</li> </ul> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_See_also">See also</span></h2> <div class="noprint tright portal" style="border:solid #aaa 1px;margin:0.5em 0 0.5em 0.5em;"> <table style="background:#f9f9f9; font-size:85%; line-height:110%;"> <tr> <td><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/04/4/0/2/88979081360329272.png" width="31" height="28" /></td> <td style="padding:0 0.2em;"><em><strong><a href="/Portal:Christianity" title="Portal:Christianity">Christianity portal</a></strong></em></td> </tr> </table> </div> <div class="noprint tright portal" style="border:solid #aaa 1px;margin:0.5em 0 0.5em 0.5em;"> <table style="background:#f9f9f9; font-size:85%; line-height:110%;"> <tr> <td><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/11/2/2/7/6101312896293471.jpg" width="35" height="26" /></td> <td style="padding:0 0.2em;"><em><strong><a href="/Portal:Catholicism" title="Portal:Catholicism">Catholicism portal</a></strong></em></td> </tr> </table> </div> <ul> <li><a href="/Acta_Sanctorum" title="Acta Sanctorum">Acta Sanctorum</a></li> <li><a href="/Apostleship_of_Prayer" title="Apostleship of Prayer">Apostleship of Prayer</a></li> <li><a href="/Association_of_Jesuit_Colleges_and_Universities" title="Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities">Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities</a></li> <li><a href="/Bollandist" title="Bollandist">Bollandist</a></li> <li><a href="/Catholicism_in_China" title="Catholicism in China" class="mw-redirect">Catholicism in China</a></li> <li><a href="/Catholicism_in_Japan" title="Catholicism in Japan" class="mw-redirect">Catholicism in Japan</a></li> <li><a href="/Jesuit_Ivy" title="Jesuit Ivy">Jesuit Ivy</a></li> <li><a href="/Jesuit_Missions_of_the_Chiquitos" title="Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos">Jesuit Missions of the Chiquitos</a></li> <li><a href="/Jesuit_pre-modern_China_missions" title="Jesuit pre-modern China missions" class="mw-redirect">Jesuit pre-modern China missions</a></li> <li><a href="/Laying_on_of_hands" title="Laying on of hands">Laying on of hands</a></li> <li><a href="/List_of_Jesuits" title="List of Jesuits">List of Jesuits</a></li> <li><a href="/Misiones_Province" title="Misiones Province">Misiones Province</a>, <a href="/Argentina" title="Argentina">Argentina</a></li> <li><a href="/Monumenta_Historica_Societatis_Iesu" title="Monumenta Historica Societatis Iesu">Monumenta Historica Societatis Iesu</a></li> <li><a href="/Ratio_Studiorum" title="Ratio Studiorum">Ratio Studiorum</a></li> <li><a href="/Residential_Schools" title="Residential Schools" class="mw-redirect">Residential Schools</a></li> <li><a href="/Jesuit_conspiracy" title="Jesuit conspiracy" class="mw-redirect">Jesuit conspiracy</a></li> </ul> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Notes_and_references">Notes and references</span></h2> <div class="references-small references-column-count references-column-count-2" style="-moz-column-count:2; column-count:2;"> <ol class="references"> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_0"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-0">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.jesuits-chi.org/vocations/stories/knapp.htm" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.jesuits-chi.org/vocations/stories/knapp.htm</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_rules_1"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-rules_1-0">^</a></strong> <span class="citation book">Loyola, Ignatius; Rules for Thinking with the Church. Bettenson, Henry. ed. <a href="http://wps.ablongman.com/long_longman_lwcdemo_1/0,9493,1532993-,00.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>Documents of the Christian Church</em></a> (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press, 1999. pp. 364-367. <a href="/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> 0192880713<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://wps.ablongman.com/long_longman_lwcdemo_1/0,9493,1532993-,00.html" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://wps.ablongman.com/long_longman_lwcdemo_1/0,9493,1532993-,00.html</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 23 February 2010</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Documents+of+the+Christian+Church&rft.aulast=Loyola&rft.aufirst=Ignatius%3B+Rules+for+Thinking+with+the+Church&rft.au=Loyola%2C%26%2332%3BIgnatius%3B+Rules+for+Thinking+with+the+Church&rft.pages=pp.%26nbsp%3B364-367&rft.edition=3rd&rft.pub=Oxford+University+Press%2C+1999&rft.isbn=0192880713&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwps.ablongman.com%2Flong_longman_lwcdemo_1%2F0%2C9493%2C1532993-%2C00.html&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Society_of_Jesus"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_2"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-2">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.sjweb.info/35/index.cfm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">News on the elections of the new Superior General</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_3"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-3">^</a></strong> <a href="http://africa.reuters.com/wire/news/usnL19414053.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">africa.reuters.com, Spaniard becomes Jesuits' new "black pope"</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_stats2_4">^ <a href="#cite_ref-stats2_4-0"><sup><em><strong>a</strong></em></sup></a> <a href="#cite_ref-stats2_4-1"><sup><em><strong>b</strong></em></sup></a> <span class="citation news"><strong class="selflink">Curia Generalis, Society of Jesus</strong> (2007-05-07). <a href="http://www.webcitation.org/5oK3zewfZ" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"News from the Curia (Vol. 11, N. 9)"</a>. The Jesuit Portal - Society of Jesus Homepage. Archived from <a href="http://www.sjweb.info/resources/searchShow.cfm?PubID=11802" class="external text" rel="nofollow">the original</a> on 2010-03-18<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.webcitation.org/5oK3zewfZ" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.webcitation.org/5oK3zewfZ</a></span>. "The annual statistics of the Society for 2006 have been compiled and will be mailed to the Provinces within a few days. As of January 1, 2007 the number of Jesuits in the world was 19,216 (364 fewer than in 2005)..."</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=News+from+the++Curia+%28Vol.+11%2C+N.+9%29&rft.atitle=&rft.aulast=Curia+Generalis&rft.aufirst=Society+of+Jesus&rft.au=Curia+Generalis%2C%26%2332%3BSociety+of+Jesus&rft.date=2007-05-07&rft.pub=The+Jesuit+Portal+-+Society+of+Jesus+Homepage&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.webcitation.org%2F5oK3zewfZ&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Society_of_Jesus"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_stats_5"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-stats_5-0">^</a></strong> <span class="citation Journal">Puca, Pasquale (30 January 2008). <a href="http://www.ewtn.com/library/MARY/ignatloysj.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"St. Ignatius of Loyola and the Development of the Society of Jesus"</a>. <em>L'Osservatore Romano Weekly Edition in English</em> (The Cathedral Foundation): 12<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.ewtn.com/library/MARY/ignatloysj.htm" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.ewtn.com/library/MARY/ignatloysj.htm</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 23 February 2010</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Ajournal&rft.genre=article&rft.atitle=St.+Ignatius+of+Loyola+and+the+Development+of+the+Society+of+Jesus&rft.jtitle=L%27Osservatore+Romano+Weekly+Edition+in+English&rft.aulast=Puca&rft.aufirst=Pasquale&rft.au=Puca%2C%26%2332%3BPasquale&rft.date=30+January+2008&rft.pages=12&rft.pub=The+Cathedral+Foundation&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ewtn.com%2Flibrary%2FMARY%2Fignatloysj.htm&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Society_of_Jesus"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_6"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-6">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.staloysius.nsw.edu.au/about/mission.asp" class="external text" rel="nofollow">St. Aloysius College mission statement</a>.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_7"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-7">^</a></strong> <span class="citation book">O'Malley, John (1993). <em>The First Jesuits</em>. 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id="wikipedia_CITEREFBenedict_XVI2006"><a href="/Benedict_XVI" title="Benedict XVI" class="mw-redirect">Benedict XVI</a> (2006-05-15), <a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/letters/2006/documents/hf_ben-xvi_let_20060515_50-haurietis-aquas_en.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>Letter to the Superior General of the Society of Jesus on the 50<sup>th</sup> anniversary of the Encyclical Haurietis Aquas</em></a><span class="printonly">, <a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/letters/2006/documents/hf_ben-xvi_let_20060515_50-haurietis-aquas_en.html" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/letters/2006/documents/hf_ben-xvi_let_20060515_50-haurietis-aquas_en.html</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">, retrieved 2007-10-23</span></span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Letter+to+the+Superior+General+of+the+Society+of+Jesus+on+the+50%3Csup%3Eth%3C%2Fsup%3E+anniversary+of+the+Encyclical+Haurietis+Aquas&rft.aulast=Benedict+XVI&rft.au=Benedict+XVI&rft.date=2006-05-15&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.vatican.va%2Fholy_father%2Fbenedict_xvi%2Fletters%2F2006%2Fdocuments%2Fhf_ben-xvi_let_20060515_50-haurietis-aquas_en.html&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Society_of_Jesus"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_HF2_26"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-HF2_26-0">^</a></strong> <span class="citation" id="wikipedia_CITEREFBenedict_XVI2006"><a href="/Benedict_XVI" title="Benedict XVI" class="mw-redirect">Benedict XVI</a> (2006-11-03), <a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2006/november/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20061103_gregoriana_en.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>Address of his Holiness Benedict XVI—Visit of the Holy Father to the Pontifical Gregorian University</em></a><span class="printonly">, <a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2006/november/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20061103_gregoriana_en.html" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2006/november/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20061103_gregoriana_en.html</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">, retrieved 2007-10-23</span></span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Address+of+his+Holiness+Benedict+XVI%E2%80%94Visit+of+the+Holy+Father+to+the+Pontifical+Gregorian+University&rft.aulast=Benedict+XVI&rft.au=Benedict+XVI&rft.date=2006-11-03&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.vatican.va%2Fholy_father%2Fbenedict_xvi%2Fspeeches%2F2006%2Fnovember%2Fdocuments%2Fhf_ben-xvi_spe_20061103_gregoriana_en.html&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Society_of_Jesus"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_HF_GC_27"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-HF-GC_27-0">^</a></strong> <span class="citation" id="wikipedia_CITEREFBenedict_XVI2008"><a href="/Benedict_XVI" title="Benedict XVI" class="mw-redirect">Benedict XVI</a> (2008-03-04), <a href="http://zenit.org/article-21968?l=english" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>Papal Address to Members of Jesuit General Congregation: Rediscover the Fullest Meaning of Your Characteristic '4th Vow' of Obedience</em></a><span class="printonly">, <a href="http://zenit.org/article-21968?l=english" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://zenit.org/article-21968?l=english</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">, retrieved 2008-03-08</span></span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=Papal+Address+to+Members+of+Jesuit+General+Congregation%3A+Rediscover+the+Fullest+Meaning+of+Your+Characteristic+%274th+Vow%27+of+Obedience&rft.aulast=Benedict+XVI&rft.au=Benedict+XVI&rft.date=2008-03-04&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fzenit.org%2Farticle-21968%3Fl%3Denglish&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Society_of_Jesus"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_28"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-28">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.catholicnews.com/data/stories/cns/0801316.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits end meeting by approving decrees, confirming fidelity to pope, CNS March 7, 2008</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_29"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-29">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.sjweb.info/spirituality/2003consult_frgen_show.cfm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Discourse given to the Rome Consultation, 16 February 2003</a>.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_30"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-30">^</a></strong> Charles J. Jackson, <a href="http://www.jesuit.org/sections/sub.asp?SECTION_ID=189&SUBSECTION_ID=395&PARENT_ID=" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>Ignatian Spirituality</em></a>.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_31"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-31">^</a></strong> Pinard De La Boullaye, <a href="http://www.ewtn.com/library/SPIRIT/IGNASPIR.TXT" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>Ignatian Spirituality</em></a>.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_32"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-32">^</a></strong> O'Malley, John W. <em>The first Jesuits</em> Cambridge, MA: Harvard, 1993, p. 25.</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_Society_of_Jesus_in_US_FAQ_33"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-Society_of_Jesus_in_US_FAQ_33-0">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.jesuit.org/FAQs/default.aspx" class="external text" rel="nofollow">The Society of Jesus in the United States: Frequently Asked Questions</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_34"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-34">^</a></strong> Catholic Encyclopedia online: <a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10487a.htm" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/10487a.htm</a></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_Fraser_35"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-Fraser_35-0">^</a></strong> <span class="citation book">Fraser, Antonia (2005) [1996]. <em>The Gunpowder Plot</em>. London, UK: Phoenix. p. 448. <a href="/International_Standard_Book_Number" title="International Standard Book Number">ISBN</a> 0753814013.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=book&rft.btitle=The+Gunpowder+Plot&rft.aulast=Fraser&rft.aufirst=Antonia&rft.au=Fraser%2C%26%2332%3BAntonia&rft.date=2005&rft.pages=p.%26nbsp%3B448&rft.place=London%2C+UK&rft.pub=Phoenix&rft.isbn=0753814013&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Society_of_Jesus"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_36"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-36">^</a></strong> "Pascal: Adversary and Advocate" Robert J. Nelson, Harvard University Press, 1981. p. 190</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_37"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-37">^</a></strong> see Malachi Martin (1987) The Jesuits: The Society of Jesus and the Betrayal of the Roman Catholic Church, Simon & Schuster, Linden Press, New York, 1987, ISBN 0671545051</li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_38"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-38">^</a></strong> See: <ul> <li><span class="citation news">Philip Sherwell (2005-08-05). <a href="http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2005/05/08/wjes08.xml&sSheet=/news/2005/05/08/ixworld.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"US Catholic editor resigns after clash with Pope"</a>. Daily Telegraph<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2005/05/08/wjes08.xml&sSheet=/news/2005/05/08/ixworld.html" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2005/05/08/wjes08.xml&sSheet=/news/2005/05/08/ixworld.html</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2007-02-18</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=US+Catholic+editor+resigns+after+clash+with+Pope&rft.atitle=&rft.aulast=Philip+Sherwell&rft.au=Philip+Sherwell&rft.date=2005-08-05&rft.pub=Daily+Telegraph&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.telegraph.co.uk%2Fnews%2Fmain.jhtml%3Fxml%3D%2Fnews%2F2005%2F05%2F08%2Fwjes08.xml%26sSheet%3D%2Fnews%2F2005%2F05%2F08%2Fixworld.html&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Society_of_Jesus"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li><span class="citation web">Fr. Paul Mankowski, S.J. (2005-04-04). <a href="http://www.cwnews.com/offtherecord/offtherecord.cfm?task=singledisplay&recnum=2627" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"Liberal Jesuits & the Late Pope"</a>. Catholic World News<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.cwnews.com/offtherecord/offtherecord.cfm?task=singledisplay&recnum=2627" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.cwnews.com/offtherecord/offtherecord.cfm?task=singledisplay&recnum=2627</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2007-02-18</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=Liberal+Jesuits+%26+the+Late+Pope&rft.atitle=&rft.aulast=Fr.+Paul+Mankowski%2C+S.J.&rft.au=Fr.+Paul+Mankowski%2C+S.J.&rft.date=2005-04-04&rft.pub=Catholic+World+News&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.cwnews.com%2Fofftherecord%2Fofftherecord.cfm%3Ftask%3Dsingledisplay%26recnum%3D2627&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Society_of_Jesus"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> </ul> </li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_39"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-39">^</a></strong> <span class="citation web">John Thavis (2006-09-08). <a href="http://www.catholicnews.com/data/stories/cns/0605114.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">"'Sala Stampa' style change: From toreador to low-key mathematician"</a>. Catholic News Service<span class="printonly">. <a href="http://www.catholicnews.com/data/stories/cns/0605114.htm" class="external free" rel="nofollow">http://www.catholicnews.com/data/stories/cns/0605114.htm</a></span><span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved 2009-06-12</span>.</span><span class="Z3988" title="ctx_ver=Z39.88-2004&rft_val_fmt=info%3Aofi%2Ffmt%3Akev%3Amtx%3Abook&rft.genre=bookitem&rft.btitle=%27Sala+Stampa%27+style+change%3A+From+toreador+to+low-key+mathematician&rft.atitle=&rft.aulast=John+Thavis&rft.au=John+Thavis&rft.date=2006-09-08&rft.pub=Catholic+News+Service&rft_id=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.catholicnews.com%2Fdata%2Fstories%2Fcns%2F0605114.htm&rfr_id=info:sid/en.wikipedia.org:Society_of_Jesus"><span style="display: none;"> </span></span></li> <li id="wikipedia_cite_note_40"><strong><a href="#cite_ref-40">^</a></strong> <a href="http://www.holycross.edu/departments/library/website/hiatt/righteous.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow"><em>Hiatt Holocaust Collection</em></a></li> </ol> </div> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_External_links">External links</span></h2> <div class="noprint tright portal" style="border:solid #aaa 1px;margin:0.5em 0 0.5em 0.5em;"> <table style="background:#f9f9f9; font-size:85%; line-height:110%;"> <tr> <td><img alt="" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/04/4/0/2/88979081360329272.png" width="31" height="28" /></td> <td style="padding:0 0.2em;"><em><strong><a href="/Portal:Christianity" title="Portal:Christianity">Christianity portal</a></strong></em></td> </tr> </table> </div> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Catholic_Church_documents">Catholic Church documents</span></h3> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2006/april/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20060422_gesuiti_en.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Benedict XVI's Address to the Members of the Society of Jesus, 22 April 2006</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2006/november/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20061103_gregoriana_en.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Benedict XVI's Visit to the Pontifical Gregorian University, 3 November 2006</a></li> </ul> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Jesuit_documents">Jesuit documents</span></h3> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/ulib/digi/ratio/ratiohome.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">The Jesuit Ratio Studiorum of 1599</a></li> <li><a href="http://duels.doshisha.ac.jp:88/denshika/jesuit/139/imgidx139.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">The Jesuit Mission Press in Japan, 1591–1610</a></li> <li><span class="PDFlink"><a href="http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/rvp/pubaf/05/letter-G8.pdf" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Letter of the Jesuit Social Justice Secretariat to the leaders of the</a> <a href="/G8" title="G8">G8</a>, July 2005</span><span style="font-size:smaller;">PDF (98.5 KB)</span></li> </ul> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Jesuit_websites_in_various_regions">Jesuit websites in various regions</span></h3> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.sjweb.info/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">The Jesuit Portal – Jesuit Worldwide Homepage</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.sjweb.info/webguide/index.cfm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Directory of Jesuit Websites</a></li> <li><a href="http://en.ignatianwiki.org" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Ignatian wiki</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.jrs.net/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuit Refugee Service</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.sacredspace.ie" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Sacred Space</a>: long-running Jesuit daily prayer site <a href="/Sacred_Space" title="Sacred Space">Sacred Space</a>, in 20 languages, coordinated by the Jesuits of the Irish Province</li> <li><span class="PDFlink"><a href="http://www.earthhealing.info/catholicstats.pdf" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Global Catholic Statistics: 1905 and Today</a></span><span style="font-size:smaller;">PDF (26.3 KB)</span> by Albert J. Fritsch, SJ, PhD</li> </ul> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Africa_2">Africa</span></h4> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.eapjesuits.org" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in East Africa</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.jesuits-anw.org" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in West Africa</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.sj.org.za" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in South Africa</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.jescom.co.zw" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Zimbabwe</a></li> </ul> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Asia_Oceania">Asia-Oceania</span></h4> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.jesuit.org.au/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Australia</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.goajesuits.in/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Goa, India</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.provindo.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Indonesia</a> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.ignatiusloyola.net" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Finding God in All Things</a> Blogsite on Ignatian Spirituality and Jesuits (in Indonesian)</li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="http://www.jesuits.ph/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in the Philippines</a> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.ateneo.net/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuit universities in the Philippines</a></li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="http://www.jesuit.org.sg" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Malaysia and Singapore</a></li> </ul> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Europe_2">Europe</span></h4> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.jvcbritain.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Britain</a> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.jesuitvolunteers-uk.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuit Volunteer Community, UK</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.thinkingfaith.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Thinking Faith – The Online Journal of the British Jesuits</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.pray-as-you-go.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Pray As You Go – Daily prayers for your MP3</a></li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="http://www.isusovci.hr/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Croatia</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.jezuieten.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Belgium (North)</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.jesuites.be/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Belgium (South)</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.jesuites.com" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in France</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.jesuiten.org" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Germany</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.jezsuita.hu/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Hungary</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.jesuit.ie/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Ireland</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.gesuiti.it/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Italy</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.jezuici.pl/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Poland</a></li> </ul> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_North_America_2">North America</span></h4> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.jesuits.ca/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in English Canada</a> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.canadianjesuitsinternational.ca/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Canadian Jesuits International</a></li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="http://www.jesuites.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in French Canada</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.jesuit.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">United States Jesuit Conference</a> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.jesuitvolunteers.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuit Volunteer Corps</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ivcusa.org/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Ignatian Volunteer Corps</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.ajcunet.edu/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities</a></li> </ul> </li> <li><a href="http://www.ocsj.net/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Old Catholic (not Roman) Jesuits in the United States</a></li> </ul> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_South_America_2">South America</span></h4> <ul> <li><a href="http://www.jesuitas.cl/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Chile</a></li> </ul> <div style="display:table-cell;clear:both;"></div><h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wikipedia_Media">Media</span></h3> <ul> <li>The BBC Radio 4 <em>In Our Time</em> programme on 18 January 2007 was devoted to the early history and educational role of the Jesuits; the programme's website offers a free podcast and 'listen again' service <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/" class="external text" rel="nofollow">In Our Time website</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.pray-as-you-go.org" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Pray-as-you-go</a>: latest initiative by the British Jesuits, providing daily prayer in MP3 format for use "on the go"</li> <li><a href="http://www.jesuits-chi.org/videos/A_Millenium_Perspective.wmv" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Documentary by the Society of Jesus Province of Chicago (Windows Media Player)</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.jesuitswisprov.org/jesuits_video.htm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Contemporary Jesuits speak about their</a> <a href="/Jesuit_vocation" title="Jesuit vocation" class="mw-redirect">Jesuit vocation</a>, the vows, and the mission of the Society of Jesus (Real Player)</li> <li><a href="http://www.sjweb.info/jesuits/saints.cfm" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Jesuits Saints and Blessed</a></li> <li><a href="http://www.atlanticfreepress.com/news/1/7772-alaskan-natives-file-suit-against-jesuits-for-rape-.html" class="external text" rel="nofollow">Alaskan Natives file suit against Jesuits for rape</a></li> </ul> <table class="navbox" cellspacing="0" style=";"> <tr> <td style="padding:2px;"> <table cellspacing="0" class="nowraplinks collapsible collapsed" style="width:100%;background:transparent;color:inherit;;"> <tr> <th style="background-color:#FFFF66;background-color:#FFFF66" colspan="3" class="navbox-title"><span class="" style="font-size:110%;"><a href="/Catholic_religious_order" title="Catholic religious order">Catholic religious orders</a></span></th> </tr> <tr style="height:2px;"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td colspan="2" style="width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Adorers_of_the_Blood_of_Christ" title="Adorers of the Blood of Christ">Adorers of the Blood of Christ</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Albertine_Brothers" title="Albertine Brothers">Albertine Brothers</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Alexians" title="Alexians">Alexians</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Assumptionists" title="Assumptionists">Assumptionists</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Augustinians" title="Augustinians">Augustinians</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Benedictines" title="Benedictines" class="mw-redirect">Benedictines</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Brotherhood_of_Hope" title="Brotherhood of Hope">Brotherhood of Hope</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Order_of_Friars_Minor_Capuchin" title="Order of Friars Minor Capuchin">Capuchins</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Carmelites" title="Carmelites">Carmelites</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Carthusians" title="Carthusians" class="mw-redirect">Carthusians</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Institute_of_the_Brothers_of_the_Christian_Schools" title="Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools">Christian Brothers (French)</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Congregation_of_Christian_Brothers" title="Congregation of Christian Brothers">Christian Brothers (Irish)</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Cistercians" title="Cistercians">Cistercians</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Congregation_of_Saint_Th%C3%A9r%C3%A8se_of_Lisieux" title="Congregation of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux">Congregation of Saint Thérèse of Lisieux</a> (C. S. T.)<span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Congregations_of_the_Heart_of_Mary" title="Congregations of the Heart of Mary">Congregations of the Heart of Mary</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Congregation_of_the_Sacred_Hearts_of_Jesus_and_Mary" title="Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary">Congregation of the Sacred Hearts of Jesus and Mary</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Conventual_Franciscans" title="Conventual Franciscans">Conventual Franciscans</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Companions_of_the_Cross" title="Companions of the Cross">Companions of the Cross</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Canons_Regular_of_the_Order_of_the_Holy_Cross" title="Canons Regular of the Order of the Holy Cross">Crosiers</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Daughters_of_Charity_of_Saint_Vincent_de_Paul" title="Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul">Daughters of Charity</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Daughters_of_Divine_Love" title="Daughters of Divine Love">Daughters of Divine Love</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Daughters_of_Mary_of_the_Immaculate_Conception" title="Daughters of Mary of the Immaculate Conception">Daughters of Mary of the Immaculate Conception</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Discalced_Carmelites" title="Discalced Carmelites">Discalced Carmelites</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Divine_Word_Missionaries" title="Divine Word Missionaries">Divine Word Missionaries</a> (S.V.D.)<span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Dominican_Order" title="Dominican Order">Dominicans</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Felician_Sisters" title="Felician Sisters">Felicians</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Villa_Walsh_Academy" title="Villa Walsh Academy">Filippini Sisters (M.P.F.)</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Franciscan_Friars_of_the_Renewal" title="Franciscan Friars of the Renewal">Franciscan Friars of the Renewal</a> (C.F.R.)<span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Franciscan_Missionaries_of_the_Eternal_Word" title="Franciscan Missionaries of the Eternal Word">Franciscan Missionaries of the Eternal Word</a> (M.F.V.A.)<span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Franciscan" title="Franciscan">Franciscan orders</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Handmaids_of_the_Sacred_Heart_of_Jesus" title="Handmaids of the Sacred Heart of Jesus">Handmaids of the Sacred Heart of Jesus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Congregation_of_the_Hijas_de_Jes%C3%BAs" title="Congregation of the Hijas de Jesús">Hijas de Jesús</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Congregation_of_Holy_Cross" title="Congregation of Holy Cross">Holy Cross Fathers and Brothers</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Holy_Ghost_Fathers" title="Holy Ghost Fathers">Holy Ghost Fathers</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Holy_Spirit_Adoration_Sisters" title="Holy Spirit Adoration Sisters">Holy Spirit Adoration Sisters</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong class="selflink">Jesuits</strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Josephite_Fathers" title="Josephite Fathers">Josephite Fathers</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Legion_of_Christ" title="Legion of Christ">Legion of Christ</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Little_Brothers_of_Jesus" title="Little Brothers of Jesus">Little Brothers of Jesus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Little_Sisters_of_Jesus" title="Little Sisters of Jesus">Little Sisters of Jesus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Little_Sisters_of_the_Poor" title="Little Sisters of the Poor">Little Sisters of the Poor</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Lovers_of_the_Holy_Cross" title="Lovers of the Holy Cross">Lovers of the Holy Cross</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Society_of_Mary_(Marianists)" title="Society of Mary (Marianists)">Marianists</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Marianites_of_Holy_Cross" title="Marianites of Holy Cross">Marianites of Holy Cross</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Congregation_of_Marian_Fathers" title="Congregation of Marian Fathers">Marians of the Immaculate Conception</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Marist_Brothers" title="Marist Brothers">Marist Brothers</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Society_of_Mary_(Marists)" title="Society of Mary (Marists)">Marists</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Maryknoll" title="Maryknoll">Maryknoll</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Miles_Jesu" title="Miles Jesu">Miles Jesu</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Missionaries_of_Charity" title="Missionaries of Charity">Missionaries of Charity</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Missionaries_of_the_Poor" title="Missionaries of the Poor">Missionaries of the Poor</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Oblate_Sisters_of_Providence" title="Oblate Sisters of Providence">Oblate Sisters of Providence</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Missionary_Oblates_of_Mary_Immaculate" title="Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate">Oblates of Mary Immaculate</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Oblates_of_St._Francis_de_Sales" title="Oblates of St. Francis de Sales">Oblates of St. Francis de Sales</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Oratory_of_Saint_Philip_Neri" title="Oratory of Saint Philip Neri">Oratory of Saint Philip Neri</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pallottines" title="Pallottines">Pallottines</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Passionist_Sisters" title="Passionist Sisters">Passionist Sisters</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Passionist" title="Passionist">Passionists</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Premonstratensian" title="Premonstratensian">Premonstratensians</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Order_of_Poor_Ladies" title="Order of Poor Ladies" class="mw-redirect">Poor Clares</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Congregation_of_the_Most_Holy_Redeemer" title="Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer">Redemptorists</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Society_of_the_Sacred_Heart" title="Society of the Sacred Heart">Religious of the Sacred Heart of Jesus (R.C.S.J.)</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Brothers_of_the_Sacred_Heart" title="Brothers of the Sacred Heart">Sacred Heart Brothers</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Salesians_of_Don_Bosco" title="Salesians of Don Bosco">Salesians</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Servi_Jesu_et_Mariae" title="Servi Jesu et Mariae">Servi Jesu et Mariae</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sisters_of_the_Blessed_Sacrament" title="Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament">Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sisters_of_Charity" title="Sisters of Charity">Sisters of Charity</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sisters_of_the_Destitute" title="Sisters of the Destitute">Sisters of the Destitute</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sisters_of_Holy_Cross" title="Sisters of Holy Cross">Sisters of Holy Cross</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sisters_of_the_Holy_Cross" title="Sisters of the Holy Cross">Sisters of the Holy Cross</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sisters_of_Life" title="Sisters of Life">Sisters of Life</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sisters_of_Mercy" title="Sisters of Mercy">Sisters of Mercy</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sisters_of_Providence_of_Saint_Mary-of-the-Woods" title="Sisters of Providence of Saint Mary-of-the-Woods">Sisters of Providence of Saint Mary-of-the-Woods</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Third_Order_of_Saint_Francis" title="Third Order of Saint Francis">Sisters of Saint Francis (general)</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Third_Order_of_Saint_Francis" title="Third Order of Saint Francis">Sisters of Saint Francis (U.S.)</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sisters_of_St._Joseph" title="Sisters of St. Joseph">Sisters of Saint Joseph</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sisters_of_St._Joseph_of_Peace" title="Sisters of St. Joseph of Peace">Sisters of St. Joseph of Peace</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sisters_of_St_Joseph_of_the_Sacred_Heart" title="Sisters of St Joseph of the Sacred Heart">Sisters of Saint Joseph of the Sacred Heart</a> <span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sisters,_Servants_of_the_Immaculate_Heart_of_Mary" title="Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary">Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Society_of_the_Atonement" title="Society of the Atonement">Society of the Atonement</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Society_of_the_Helpers_of_the_Holy_Souls" title="Society of the Helpers of the Holy Souls">Society of the Helpers of the Holy Souls</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Society_of_Saint_Edmund" title="Society of Saint Edmund">Society of Saint Edmund</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Society_of_St._Pius_X" title="Society of St. Pius X">Society of Saint Pius X</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Society_of_Saint-Sulpice" title="Society of Saint-Sulpice">Sulpicians</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Third_Order_of_Saint_Francis" title="Third Order of Saint Francis">T.O.R. Franciscans</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Trappists" title="Trappists">Trappists</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Trinitarian_Order" title="Trinitarian Order">Trinitarian Order</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ursulines" title="Ursulines">Ursulines</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Congregation_of_the_Mission" title="Congregation of the Mission">Vincentians</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/White_Fathers" title="White Fathers">White Fathers</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Xaverian_Brothers" title="Xaverian Brothers">Xaverian Brothers</a></div> </td> <td style="width:0%;padding:0px 0px 0px 2px;" rowspan="1"> <div class="floatright"><img alt="Coat of arms of Vatican City" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/02/3/4/1/26328661894452781.png" width="40" height="54" /></div> </td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> <table class="navbox" cellspacing="0" style=";"> <tr> <td style="padding:2px;"> <table cellspacing="0" class="nowraplinks collapsible autocollapse" style="width:100%;background:transparent;color:inherit;;"> <tr> <th style="background-color:#FFFF66;background-color:#FFFF66" colspan="3" class="navbox-title"><span class="" style="font-size:110%;"><strong><a href="/Roman_Catholic_Church" title="Roman Catholic Church" class="mw-redirect">Catholic Church</a></strong></span></th> </tr> <tr style="height:2px;"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-abovebelow" style="background-color:#FFFF66;" colspan="3"><strong>Organizations, Papacy, Teachings and Liturgical Traditions</strong></td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px;"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background-color:#FFFF66;background-color:#FFFF66;"><a href="/History_of_the_Roman_Catholic_Church" title="History of the Roman Catholic Church" class="mw-redirect">History</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Jesus" title="Jesus">Jesus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Apostle_(Christian)" title="Apostle (Christian)">Twelve Apostles</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Early_Christianity" title="Early Christianity">Early Christianity</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/History_of_the_Papacy" title="History of the Papacy">History of the Papacy</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Catholic_Ecumenical_Councils" title="Catholic Ecumenical Councils">Councils</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Crusades" title="Crusades">Crusades</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Mission_(Christian)" title="Mission (Christian)">Missions</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/East-West_Schism" title="East-West Schism" class="mw-redirect">Great Schism of East</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Western_Schism" title="Western Schism">Great Schism of West</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Protestant_Reformation" title="Protestant Reformation">Reformation</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Counter-Reformation" title="Counter-Reformation">Counter-Reformation</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Roman_Catholicism_by_country" title="Roman Catholicism by country" class="mw-redirect">Roman Catholicism by country</a></div> </td> <td style="width:0%;padding:0px 0px 0px 2px;" rowspan="21"><img alt="Kruis san damiano.gif" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/07/1/3/8/739051193964022.gif" width="150" height="208" /></td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background-color:#FFFF66;background-color:#FFFF66;"><a href="/Catholic_Church_hierarchy" title="Catholic Church hierarchy">Hierarchy</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;background:#FFFFBB;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Pope" title="Pope">Pope</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Cardinal_(Catholicism)" title="Cardinal (Catholicism)">Cardinals</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Patriarch" title="Patriarch">Patriarchs</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Major_archbishop" title="Major archbishop">Major Archbishops</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Primate_(religion)" title="Primate (religion)">Primates</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Metropolitan_bishop" title="Metropolitan bishop">Metropolitans</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Archbishop" title="Archbishop">Archbishops</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Bishop_(Catholic_Church)" title="Bishop (Catholic Church)">Diocesan Bishops</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background-color:#FFFF66;background-color:#FFFF66;"><a href="/Catechism_of_the_Catholic_Church" title="Catechism of the Catholic Church">Theology</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Trinity" title="Trinity">Trinity</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Original_sin" title="Original sin">Original sin</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Four_Marks_of_the_Church" title="Four Marks of the Church">One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Christian_worship" title="Christian worship">Worship</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Divine_grace" title="Divine grace">Divine Grace</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Salvation" title="Salvation">Salvation</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sermon_on_the_Mount" title="Sermon on the Mount">Sermon on the Mount</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ten_Commandments" title="Ten Commandments">The Ten Commandments</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Roman_Catholic_Dogma" title="Roman Catholic Dogma">Dogma</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Catholic_theology_of_the_body" title="Catholic theology of the body">Body and Soul</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background-color:#FFFF66;background-color:#FFFF66;"><a href="/Sacraments_of_the_Catholic_Church" title="Sacraments of the Catholic Church">Sacraments</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;background:#FFFFBB;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Baptism" title="Baptism">Baptism</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Confirmation_(Catholic_Church)" title="Confirmation (Catholic Church)">Confirmation</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Eucharist_in_the_Catholic_Church" title="Eucharist in the Catholic Church">Eucharist</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sacrament_of_Penance_(Catholic_Church)" title="Sacrament of Penance (Catholic Church)">Penance</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Anointing_of_the_Sick_(Catholic_Church)" title="Anointing of the Sick (Catholic Church)">Anointing of the Sick</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Priesthood_(Catholic_Church)" title="Priesthood (Catholic Church)">Holy Orders</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Catholic_marriage" title="Catholic marriage">Matrimony</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background-color:#FFFF66;background-color:#FFFF66;"><a href="/Mariology" title="Mariology">Mariology</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Roman_Catholic_Mariology" title="Roman Catholic Mariology">Mariology</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Blessed_Virgin_Mary_(Roman_Catholic)" title="Blessed Virgin Mary (Roman Catholic)">Veneration</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/History_of_Roman_Catholic_Mariology" title="History of Roman Catholic Mariology">History of Mariology</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Mariology_of_the_saints" title="Mariology of the saints">Mariology of the saints</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Mariology_of_the_popes" title="Mariology of the popes">Mariology of the popes</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Marian_doctrines_of_the_Catholic_Church" title="Marian doctrines of the Catholic Church">Marian Doctrines</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Mary_(mother_of_Jesus)" title="Mary (mother of Jesus)">Mother of God</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Perpetual_virginity_of_Mary" title="Perpetual virginity of Mary">Perpetual Virginity</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Immaculate_Conception" title="Immaculate Conception">Immaculate Conception</a> <span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Assumption_of_Mary" title="Assumption of Mary">Assumption</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background-color:#FFFF66;background-color:#FFFF66;"><a href="/Doctor_of_the_Church" title="Doctor of the Church">Doctors of<br /> the Church</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;background:#FFFFBB;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Albertus_Magnus" title="Albertus Magnus">Albertus Magnus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ambrose" title="Ambrose">Ambrose</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Anselm_of_Canterbury" title="Anselm of Canterbury">Anselm of Canterbury</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Anthony_of_Padua" title="Anthony of Padua">Anthony of Padua</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Thomas_Aquinas" title="Thomas Aquinas">Thomas Aquinas</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Athanasius_of_Alexandria" title="Athanasius of Alexandria">Athanasius of Alexandria</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Augustine_of_Hippo" title="Augustine of Hippo">Augustine of Hippo</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Basil_of_Caesarea" title="Basil of Caesarea">Basil of Caesarea</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Bede" title="Bede">Bede</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Robert_Bellarmine" title="Robert Bellarmine">Robert Bellarmine</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Bernard_of_Clairvaux" title="Bernard of Clairvaux">Bernard of Clairvaux</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Bonaventure" title="Bonaventure">Bonaventure</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Petrus_Canisius" title="Petrus Canisius">Petrus Canisius</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Catherine_of_Siena" title="Catherine of Siena">Catherine of Siena</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Peter_Chrysologus" title="Peter Chrysologus">Peter Chrysologus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_Chrysostom" title="John Chrysostom">John Chrysostom</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Cyril_of_Alexandria" title="Cyril of Alexandria">Cyril of Alexandria</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Cyril_of_Jerusalem" title="Cyril of Jerusalem">Cyril of Jerusalem</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Peter_Damian" title="Peter Damian">Peter Damian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ephrem_the_Syrian" title="Ephrem the Syrian">Ephrem the Syrian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Francis_de_Sales" title="Francis de Sales">Francis de Sales</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pope_Gregory_I" title="Pope Gregory I">Gregory the Great</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Gregory_of_Nazianzus" title="Gregory of Nazianzus">Gregory of Nazianzus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Hilary_of_Poitiers" title="Hilary of Poitiers">Hilary of Poitiers</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Isidore_of_Seville" title="Isidore of Seville">Isidore of Seville</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Jerome" title="Jerome">Jerome</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_of_Damascus" title="John of Damascus">John of Damascus</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/John_of_the_Cross" title="John of the Cross">John of the Cross</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Lawrence_of_Brindisi" title="Lawrence of Brindisi">Lawrence of Brindisi</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pope_Leo_I" title="Pope Leo I">Leo the Great</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Alphonsus_Liguori" title="Alphonsus Liguori" class="mw-redirect">Alphonsus Liguori</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Th%C3%A9r%C3%A8se_of_Lisieux" title="Thérèse of Lisieux">Thérèse de Lisieux</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Teresa_of_%C3%81vila" title="Teresa of Ávila" class="mw-redirect">Teresa of Ávila</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background-color:#FFFF66;background-color:#FFFF66;"><a href="/Pope_Benedict_XVI" title="Pope Benedict XVI">Pope Benedict XVI</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Papal_conclave,_2005" title="Papal conclave, 2005">Conclave</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Theology_of_Pope_Benedict_XVI" title="Theology of Pope Benedict XVI">Theology</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Works_of_Pope_Benedict_XVI" title="Works of Pope Benedict XVI">Works</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Deus_Caritas_Est" title="Deus Caritas Est">Deus Caritas Est</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Sacramentum_Caritatis" title="Sacramentum Caritatis">Sacramentum Caritatis</a><em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Summorum_Pontificum" title="Summorum Pontificum">Summorum Pontificum</a></em><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Spe_Salvi" title="Spe Salvi">Spe Salvi</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Caritas_in_Veritate" title="Caritas in Veritate">Caritas in Veritate</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background-color:#FFFF66;background-color:#FFFF66;"><a href="/List_of_popes" title="List of popes">Preceding Popes</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;background:#FFFFBB;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Pope_John_Paul_II" title="Pope John Paul II">Pope John Paul II</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pope_Paul_VI" title="Pope Paul VI">Pope Paul VI</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pope_John_XXIII" title="Pope John XXIII">Pope John XXIII</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pope_Pius_XII" title="Pope Pius XII">Pope Pius XII</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pope_Pius_XI" title="Pope Pius XI">Pope Pius XI</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pope_Benedict_XV" title="Pope Benedict XV">Pope Benedict XV</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pope_Pius_X" title="Pope Pius X">Pope Pius X</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pope_Leo_XIII" title="Pope Leo XIII">Pope Leo XIII</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Pope_Pius_IX" title="Pope Pius IX">Pope Pius IX</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background-color:#FFFF66;background-color:#FFFF66;"><a href="/Roman_Catholic_religious_order" title="Roman Catholic religious order" class="mw-redirect">Orders & Societies</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/Assumptionists" title="Assumptionists">Assumptionist</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Augustinians" title="Augustinians">Augustinian Order</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Benedictine" title="Benedictine">Benedictines</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Order_of_Friars_Minor_Capuchin" title="Order of Friars Minor Capuchin">Capuchin Order</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Carmelites" title="Carmelites">Carmelites</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Carthusian" title="Carthusian">Carthusians</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Congregation_of_Holy_Cross" title="Congregation of Holy Cross">Congregations of Holy Cross</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Dominican_Order" title="Dominican Order">Dominican Order</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Franciscan" title="Franciscan">Franciscan orders</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong class="selflink">Jesuits</strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Oratory_of_Saint_Philip_Neri" title="Oratory of Saint Philip Neri">Oratory of Saint Philip Neri</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background-color:#FFFF66;background-color:#FFFF66;"><a href="/Second_Vatican_Council" title="Second Vatican Council">Vatican II</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;background:#FFFFBB;;" class="navbox-list navbox-even"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><a href="/%22Subsistit_in%22_in_Lumen_Gentium" title=""Subsistit in" in Lumen Gentium" class="mw-redirect">Definition of the Church</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Gaudium_et_Spes" title="Gaudium et Spes">Gaudium et Spes</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Lumen_Gentium" title="Lumen Gentium">Lumen Gentium</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Nostra_Aetate" title="Nostra Aetate">Nostra Aetate</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-group" style="background-color:#FFFF66;background-color:#FFFF66;"><a href="/Particular_Church" title="Particular Church">Particular Churches</a><br /> sorted by<br /> <a href="/Liturgy" title="Liturgy">Liturgical Traditions</a></td> <td style="text-align:left;border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px;;;" class="navbox-list navbox-odd"> <div style="padding:0em 0.25em"><strong><a href="/Alexandrian_Rite" title="Alexandrian Rite">Alexandrian</a></strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Coptic_Catholic_Church" title="Coptic Catholic Church">Coptic</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ethiopian_Catholic_Church" title="Ethiopian Catholic Church">Ethiopic</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong><a href="/Antiochene_Rite" title="Antiochene Rite">Antiochian</a></strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Maronite_Church" title="Maronite Church">Maronite</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Syriac_Catholic_Church" title="Syriac Catholic Church">Syriac</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Syro-Malankara_Catholic_Church" title="Syro-Malankara Catholic Church">Syro-Malankara</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong><a href="/Armenian_Rite" title="Armenian Rite">Armenian</a></strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Armenian_Catholic_Church" title="Armenian Catholic Church">Armenian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong><a href="/Byzantine_Rite" title="Byzantine Rite">Byzantine</a></strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Albanian_Greek-Catholic_Church" title="Albanian Greek-Catholic Church" class="mw-redirect">Albanian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Belarusian_Greek_Catholic_Church" title="Belarusian Greek Catholic Church">Belarusian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Bulgarian_Greek_Catholic_Church" title="Bulgarian Greek Catholic Church">Bulgarian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Croatian_Greek_Catholic_Church" title="Croatian Greek Catholic Church">Croatian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Greek_Byzantine_Catholic_Church" title="Greek Byzantine Catholic Church">Greek</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Hungarian_Greek_Catholic_Church" title="Hungarian Greek Catholic Church">Hungarian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Italo-Greek_Catholic_Church" title="Italo-Greek Catholic Church">Italo-Greek</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Macedonian_Greek_Catholic_Church" title="Macedonian Greek Catholic Church">Macedonian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Melkite_Greek_Catholic_Church" title="Melkite Greek Catholic Church">Melkite</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Romanian_Church_United_with_Rome,_Greek-Catholic" title="Romanian Church United with Rome, Greek-Catholic">Romanian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Russian_Catholic_Church" title="Russian Catholic Church">Russian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ruthenian_Catholic_Church" title="Ruthenian Catholic Church">Ruthenian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Slovak_Greek_Catholic_Church" title="Slovak Greek Catholic Church">Slovak</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Ukrainian_Greek_Catholic_Church" title="Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church">Ukrainian</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong><a href="/East_Syrian_Rite" title="East Syrian Rite">East Syrian</a></strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Chaldean_Catholic_Church" title="Chaldean Catholic Church">Chaldean</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Syro-Malabar_Catholic_Church" title="Syro-Malabar Catholic Church">Syro-Malabar</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong><a href="/Roman_Rite" title="Roman Rite">Roman</a></strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong><a href="/Ambrosian_Rite" title="Ambrosian Rite">Ambrosian</a></strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong><a href="/Sarum_Rite" title="Sarum Rite">Sarum</a></strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong><a href="/Mozarabic_Rite" title="Mozarabic Rite">Mozarabic</a></strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <strong><a href="/Anglican_Use" title="Anglican Use">Anglican Use</a></strong><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Latin_Rite" title="Latin Rite">Latin</a><span style="font-weight:bold;"> ·</span> <a href="/Priestly_Fraternity_of_St._Peter" title="Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter">Priestly Fraternity of St. Peter</a></div> </td> </tr> <tr style="height:2px;"> <td></td> </tr> <tr> <td class="navbox-abovebelow" style="background-color:#FFFF66;" colspan="3"><img alt="Coat of arms of the Holy See.svg" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/04/3/5/2/2327882902067264.png" width="20" height="22" /> <a href="/Portal:Pope" title="Portal:Pope"><strong>Pope Portal</strong></a> <img alt="046CupolaSPietro.jpg" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/09/2/8/2/0316701153779793.jpg" width="25" height="19" /> <strong><a href="/Portal:Catholicism" title="Portal:Catholicism">Catholicism Portal</a></strong></td> </tr> </table> </td> </tr> </table> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><span id="wikipedia_interwiki_id_fa"></span></div> <div id='catlinks' class='catlinks'> <div id="wikipedia_mw_normal_catlinks">Categories: <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Society_of_Jesus" title="Category:Society of Jesus">Society of Jesus</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Jesuits" title="Category:Jesuits">Jesuits</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:1540_establishments" title="Category:1540 establishments">1540 establishments</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Religious_organizations_established_in_the_1540s" title="Category:Religious organizations established in the 1540s">Religious organizations established in the 1540s</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Counter-Reformation" title="Category:Counter-Reformation">Counter-Reformation</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Roman_Catholic_religious_orders_established_in_the_16th_century" title="Category:Roman Catholic religious orders established in the 16th century">Roman Catholic religious orders established in the 16th century</a></span></div> <div id="wikipedia_mw_hidden_catlinks" class="mw-hidden-cats-hidden">Hidden categories: <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Wikipedia_articles_needing_context_from_February_2010" title="Category:Wikipedia articles needing context from February 2010">Wikipedia articles needing context from February 2010</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:All_Wikipedia_articles_needing_context" title="Category:All Wikipedia articles needing context">All Wikipedia articles needing context</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Wikipedia_introduction_cleanup_from_February_2010" title="Category:Wikipedia introduction cleanup from February 2010">Wikipedia introduction cleanup from February 2010</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Articles_containing_Latin_language_text" title="Category:Articles containing Latin language text">Articles containing Latin language text</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:All_articles_with_unsourced_statements" title="Category:All articles with unsourced statements">All articles with unsourced statements</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Articles_with_unsourced_statements_from_July_2009" title="Category:Articles with unsourced statements from July 2009">Articles with unsourced statements from July 2009</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Articles_with_unsourced_statements_from_August_2009" title="Category:Articles with unsourced statements from August 2009">Articles with unsourced statements from August 2009</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Articles_with_unsourced_statements_from_December_2007" title="Category:Articles with unsourced statements from December 2007">Articles with unsourced statements from December 2007</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Christianity_Portal_pages" title="Category:Christianity Portal pages">Christianity Portal pages</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Wikipedia_external_links_cleanup" title="Category:Wikipedia external links cleanup">Wikipedia external links cleanup</a></span> | <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Wikipedia_spam_cleanup" title="Category:Wikipedia spam cleanup">Wikipedia spam cleanup</a></span></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- end module content citable_wikis --> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div class="section" id="wiktionary"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="wiktionary">Wiktionary</a> </h1> <div style="float:right"> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of January 15, 2010</span> <br> </div> <div class="fragment"> <div id="citable_wikis_fragments"> <div id="wiktionary_bodyContent"> <h3 id="wiktionary_siteSub">Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary</h3> <h2><span class="mw-headline" id="wiktionary_English">English</span></h2> <div class="sister-wikipedia sister-project noprint floatright" style="border: solid #aaa 1px; font-size: 90%; background: #f9f9f9; width: 250px; padding: 4px; text-align: left;"> <div style="float: left;"> <div class="floatnone"><img alt="Wikipedia-logo.png" src="http://images-mediawiki-sites.thefullwiki.org/00/3/3/3/17390162291655514.png" width="44" height="44" /></div> </div> <div style="margin-left: 60px;"><a href="/Wikipedia" title="Wikipedia">Wikipedia</a> has an article on: <div style="margin-left: 10px;"><strong lang="en" xml:lang="en"><a href="/Society_of_Jesus#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="w:Society of Jesus">Society of Jesus</a></strong></div> </div> </div> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><span class="interProject"><a href="/Society_of_Jesus#wikipedia" class="extiw" title="w:Society of Jesus">Wikipedia</a></span></div> <h3><span class="mw-headline" id="wiktionary_Proper_noun">Proper noun</span></h3> <div style="margin: 1.12em 0; display:block"><strong><a href="/Society" title="Society" class="mw-redirect">Society</a> of <a href="/Jesus" title="Jesus">Jesus</a></strong></div> <ol> <li>An <a href="/order" title="order">order</a> of <a href="/Roman_Catholic" title="Roman Catholic">Roman Catholic</a> <a href="/clergy" title="clergy">clergy</a>, the <a href="/Jesuit" title="Jesuit">Jesuits</a>, having a <a href="/tradition" title="tradition">tradition</a> of <a href="/education" title="education">education</a>, <a href="/theological" title="theological">theological</a> <a href="/scholarship" title="scholarship">scholarship</a>, and <a href="/missionary" title="missionary">missionary</a> <a href="/work" title="work">work</a></li> </ol> <h4><span class="mw-headline" id="wiktionary_Translations">Translations</span></h4> <ul> <li>Russian: иезуитский орден (iezuítskij órden) <span class="gender m" title="masculine gender"><em>m<span class="gender-period">.</span></em></span></li> </ul> <div id='catlinks' class='catlinks'> <div id="wiktionary_mw_normal_catlinks">Category: <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Christianity" title="Category:Christianity">Christianity</a></span></div> </div> </div> </div> <!-- end module content citable_wikis --> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div class="section" id="simple_wikipedia"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="simple_wikipedia">Simple English</a> </h1> <div style="float:right"> </div> <div class="fragment"> <!-- start module content simple_wikipedia --> <div id="simple_wikipedia_fragments"> <!-- start content --> <div class="thumb tright"><div class="thumbinner" style="width:182px;"><a href="/index.php?title=Special:Upload&wpDestFile=Ignatius" class="new" title="File:Ignatius">File:Ignatius</a> <div class="thumbcaption">Ignatius Loyola</div></div></div> <p>The <b>Society of Jesus</b> (<a href="/Latin_language" title="Latin language">Latin</a>: <i>Societas Iesu</i>, <i>S.J.</i> and <i>S.I.</i> or <i>SJ</i>, <i>SI</i> ) is a <a href="/Roman_Catholic_Church" title="Roman Catholic Church" class="mw-redirect">Roman Catholic Church</a> religious order whose members are called <b>Jesuits</b>, <i>Soldiers of <a href="/Jesus_Christ" title="Jesus Christ" class="mw-redirect">Christ</a></i>, and <i>Foot soldiers of the Pope</i>, because the founder, <a href="/Saint" title="Saint">Saint</a> Ignatius of Loyola, was a <a href="/Knight" title="Knight">knight</a> before becoming a <a href="/Priest" title="Priest">priest</a>. </p><p>Jesuits are the largest male religious order of the Roman Catholic Church with 19,216 members (13,491 priests, 3,049 scholastic students, 1,810 brothers and 866 novices). </p> <a name="Other_websites" id="Other_websites"></a><h2> <span class="mw-headline"> Other websites </span></h2> <p><!-- ENCODED_CONTENT --> </p> <a name="Jesuit_documents" id="Jesuit_documents"></a><h4> <span class="mw-headline"> Jesuit documents </span></h4> <ul><li> <a href="http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/ulib/digi/ratio/ratiohome.html" class="external text" title="http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/ulib/digi/ratio/ratiohome.html" rel="nofollow">The Jesuit Ratio Studiorum of 1599</a> </li><li> <a href="http://duels.doshisha.ac.jp:88/denshika/jesuit/139/imgidx139.html" class="external text" title="http://duels.doshisha.ac.jp:88/denshika/jesuit/139/imgidx139.html" rel="nofollow">The Jesuit Mission Press in Japan, 1591-1610</a> </li><li> <span class="PDFlink"><a href="http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/rvp/pubaf/05/letter-G8.pdf" class="external text" title="http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/rvp/pubaf/05/letter-G8.pdf" rel="nofollow">Letter of the Jesuit Social Justice Secretariat to the leaders of the </a><a href="/G8" title="G8">G8</a><a href="http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/rvp/pubaf/05/letter-G8.pdf" class="external text" title="http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/rvp/pubaf/05/letter-G8.pdf" rel="nofollow">, July 2005</a></span><span style="font-size:smaller;"><a href="/Portable_Document_Format" title="Portable Document Format">PDF</a> (98.5 <a href="/Kibibyte" title="Kibibyte">KiB</a>)</span> </li></ul> <a name="Jesuit_Websites_In_Various_Regions" id="Jesuit_Websites_In_Various_Regions"></a><h4> <span class="mw-headline"> Jesuit Websites In Various Regions </span></h4> <ul><li> <a href="http://www.sjweb.info/" class="external text" title="http://www.sjweb.info/" rel="nofollow">The Jesuit Portal - Jesuit Worldwide Homepage</a> </li></ul> <dl><dd><b>Africa</b> </dd></dl> <ul><li> <a href="http://www.sj.org.za" class="external text" title="http://www.sj.org.za" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in South Africa</a> </li></ul> <dl><dd><b>Asia-Oceania</b> </dd></dl> <ul><li> <a href="http://www.jesuits.ph/" class="external text" title="http://www.jesuits.ph/" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in the Philippines</a> </li></ul> <dl><dd><b>Europe</b> </dd></dl> <ul><li> <a href="http://www.jesuit.org.uk/" class="external text" title="http://www.jesuit.org.uk/" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Britain</a> </li></ul> <dl><dd><b>North America</b> </dd></dl> <ul><li> <a href="http://www.jesuits.ca/" class="external text" title="http://www.jesuits.ca/" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Canada</a> </li><li> <a href="http://www.jesuit.org/" class="external text" title="http://www.jesuit.org/" rel="nofollow">United States Jesuit Conference</a> </li></ul> <dl><dd><b>South America</b> </dd></dl> <ul><li><a href="http://www.jesuitas.cl/" class="external text" title="http://www.jesuitas.cl/" rel="nofollow">Jesuits in Chile</a> </li></ul> <a name="Media" id="Media"></a><h4> <span class="mw-headline"> Media </span></h4> <ul><li> The BBC Radio 4 <i>In Our Time</i> programme on 18 January 2007 was devoted to the early history and educational role of the Jesuits; the programme's website offers a free podcast and 'listen again' service <a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/" class="external text" title="http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime/" rel="nofollow">In Our Time website</a> </li><li> <a href="http://www.pray-as-you-go.org" class="external text" title="http://www.pray-as-you-go.org" rel="nofollow">Pray-as-you-go</a>: latest initiative by the British Jesuits, providing daily prayer in MP3 format for use "on the go" </li><li> <a href="http://www.jesuits-chi.org/videos/A_Millenium_Perspective.wmv" class="external text" title="http://www.jesuits-chi.org/videos/A_Millenium_Perspective.wmv" rel="nofollow">Documentary by the Society of Jesus Province of Chicago (Windows Media Player)</a> </li></ul> <div class="infobox sisterproject"><div class="floatleft"><table class="MediaTransformError" style="width: 50px; height: 67px;"><tr><td>Error creating thumbnail: sh: convert: command not found<br /> </td></tr></table></div> <div style="margin-left: 60px;"><a href="/Wikimedia_Commons" title="Wikimedia Commons">Wikimedia Commons</a> has <a href="/Media" title="Media">media</a> related to: <div style="margin-left: 10px;"> <i><b><a href="http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Society_of_Jesus" class="extiw" title="commons:Category:Society of Jesus">Society of Jesus</a></b></i></div></div></div> <!-- NewPP limit report Preprocessor node count: 30/1000000 Post-expand include size: 609/2097152 bytes Template argument size: 334/2097152 bytes Expensive parser function count: 0/100 --> <div class="printfooter"> Retrieved from "<a href="http://yak.rapint.com/wiki/Society_of_Jesus">http://yak.rapint.com/wiki/Society_of_Jesus</a>"</div> <div class="contents"> <div id='catlinks' class='catlinks'><div id="mw-normal-catlinks"><a href="/Special:Categories" title="Special:Categories">Category</a>: <span dir='ltr'><a href="/Category:Roman_Catholic_religious_orders" title="Category:Roman Catholic religious orders">Roman Catholic religious orders</a></span></div></div> <div class="bottom"></div> </div> <!-- end content --> </div> <!-- end module content simple_wikipedia --> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> </div> <div id="core_panel_main" > <div class="section" id="citable_sentences"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="citable_sentences">Citable sentences</a> </h1> <div style="float:right"> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of December 16, 2010</span> <br> </div> <div class="fragment"> <!-- start module content citable --> <div id="citable_fragments"> <div id="citableSentencesList"> <p> Here are sentences from other pages on Society of Jesus, which are similar to those in the above article. <div id="citable__sentence_list"> </div> </p> </div> </div> <!-- end module content citable --> </div><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <!-- Tooltip container --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_tooltip"> </div> <script> $(document).ready(function() { $("#external_links_revision_history_fragments a[title]").tooltip({tip: '#external_links_revision_history_tooltip', effect: 'toggle', position: 'bottom right', offset: [-1,2], lazy: true, delay: 100}); $("#external_links_revision_history_fragments img[title]").tooltip({tip: '#external_links_revision_history_tooltip', position: 'bottom right', offset: [-1,0], lazy: true, effect: 'toggle'}); }); </script> <!-- end of Tooltip container --> <div class="section" id="related_links"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="related_links">Related links</a> </h1> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of November 16, 2009</span> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>89%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jesuitvolunteers.org" title="Each year grassroots organizations who work with and for people who live on the margins of our <B>society</B> rely on Jesuit Volunteers to fulfill their missions.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.jesuitvolunteers.org>http://www.jesuitvolunteers.org</A>">Jesuit Volunteer Corps</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>89%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jesuit.org" title="The United States Jesuit Conference<br><br><A HREF=http://www.jesuit.org>http://www.jesuit.org</A>">United States Jesuit Conference</a> - The Society of Jesus in the United States</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>89%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.ajcunet.edu" title="Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities<br><br><A HREF=http://www.ajcunet.edu>http://www.ajcunet.edu</A>">Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities</a> - Association of Jesuit Colleges and Universities</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>87%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jesref.org" title="Jesuit Refugee Service<br><br><A HREF=http://www.jesref.org>http://www.jesref.org</A>">Jesuit Refugee Service</a> - banned interdit verboden prohibido vietato proibido</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>87%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jesuits.ph" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Today, <B>Jesus</B> reminds us that being a Christian is not always easy, fun and feel-good;</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD><B>Jesus</B> tells us to take up the cross and follow him, and that means being unabashed witnesses to the truth of the Gospel both in actions and in words, even though that truth will not always be popular.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.jesuits.ph>http://www.jesuits.ph</A>">Jesuits in the Philippines</a> - The Philippine Jesuits</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>85%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.provindo.org" title="The Jesuits in Indonesia<br><br><A HREF=http://www.provindo.org>http://www.provindo.org</A>">Jesuits in Indonesia</a> - The Indonesian Province of the Society of Jesus - Home</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>85%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.sj.org.za" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> is a religious order of men (priests and brothers) in the Roman Catholic Church founded by St.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> is today the largest congregation of male religious in the world.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.sj.org.za>http://www.sj.org.za</A>">Jesuits in South Africa</a> - Society of Jesus in South Africa</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>82%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jesuits.ca" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> was founded in 1540 by St.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The English Canada Province, as part of the international <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B>, serves the English-speaking people of Canada.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.jesuits.ca>http://www.jesuits.ca</A>">Jesuits in Canada</a> - Jesuits in English Canada > Catholic Priests and Brothers Serving the English Speaking People of Canada</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>74%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jesuits-chi.org/videos/A_Millenium_Perspective.wmv" title="<A HREF=http://www.jesuits-chi.org/videos/A_Millenium_Perspective.wmv>http://www.jesuits-chi.org/videos/A_Millenium_Perspective.wmv</A>">Documentary by the Society of Jesus Province of Chicago (Windows Media Player)</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>73%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/ulib/digi/ratio/ratiohome.html" title="<A HREF=http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/ulib/digi/ratio/ratiohome.html>http://www.bc.edu/bc_org/avp/ulib/digi/ratio/ratiohome.html</A>">The Jesuit Ratio Studiorum of 1599</a> - Ratio Studiorum - REDIRECT</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>73%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.vatican.va/archive/hist_councils/ii_vatican_council/documents/vat-ii_decl_19651207_dignitatis-humanae_en.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>In human <B>society</B> and in the face of government the Church claims freedom for herself in her character as a spiritual authority, established by Christ the Lord, upon which there rests, by divine mandate, the duty of going out into the whole world and preaching the Gospel to every creature.(32) The Church also claims freedom for herself in her character as a <B>society</B> of men who have the right to live in <B>society</B> in accordance with the precepts of the Christian faith.(33)</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>This demand for freedom in human <B>society</B> chiefly regards the quest for the values proper to the human spirit.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>It regards, in the first place, the free exercise of religion in <B>society</B>.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.vatican.va/archive/hist_councils/ii_vatican_council/documents/vat-ii_decl_19651207_dignitatis-humanae_en.html>http://www.vatican.va/archive/hist_councils/ii_vatican_council/documents/vat-ii_decl_19651207_dignitatis-humanae_en.html</A>">''Dignitatis Humanae Personae''</a> - Declaration on religious freedom - Dignitatis humanae</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>72%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.sacredspace.ie" title="Saint Paul (Philippians 2:7) spoke of <B>Jesus</B> emptying himself, voluntarily taking the form of a servant to conceal his divine glory.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.sacredspace.ie>http://www.sacredspace.ie</A>">Sacred Space</a> - Sacred Space » Homepage</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>68%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.staloysius.nsw.edu.au/about/mission.asp" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The College is conducted by the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B>.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>St Ignatius Loyola, a Spanish nobleman, founded the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> in 1540.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.staloysius.nsw.edu.au/about/mission.asp>http://www.staloysius.nsw.edu.au/about/mission.asp</A>">St. Aloysius College mission statement</a> - St Aloysius' College</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>65%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jesuitswisprov.org/jesuits_video.htm" title="Contemporary Jesuits speak about their<br><br><A HREF=http://www.jesuitswisprov.org/jesuits_video.htm>http://www.jesuitswisprov.org/jesuits_video.htm</A>">Contemporary Jesuits speak about their vocations, the vows, and the mission of the Society of Jesus (Real Player)</a> - Wisconsin Province Society of Jesus</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>63%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2005/05/08/wjes08.xml&sSheet=/news/2005/05/08/ixworld.html" title="Paul Kendall investigates how <B>society</B> suffers when a family breaks down<br><br><A HREF=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2005/05/08/wjes08.xml&sSheet=/news/2005/05/08/ixworld.html>http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2005/05/08/wjes08.xml&sSheet=/news/2005/05/08/ixworld.html</A>">US Catholic editor resigns after clash with Pope</a> - Latest News, Breaking News and Current News from the UK and World - Telegraph - Telegraph</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>63%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.cwnews.com/offtherecord/offtherecord.cfm?task=singledisplay&recnum=2627" title="<A HREF=http://www.cwnews.com/offtherecord/offtherecord.cfm?task=singledisplay&recnum=2627>http://www.cwnews.com/offtherecord/offtherecord.cfm?task=singledisplay&recnum=2627</A>">Liberal Jesuits & the Late Pope</a> - Catholic Culture : News</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/tick-green-8x11.gif" align="bottom" title = "This page is marked authoritative because it has been included for <B>63%</B> of the life of the Wikipedia article."> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.earthhealing.info/catholicstats.pdf" title="by Albert J. Fritsch, SJ, PhD<br><br><A HREF=http://www.earthhealing.info/catholicstats.pdf>http://www.earthhealing.info/catholicstats.pdf</A>">Global Catholic Statistics: 1905 and Today</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.sjweb.info" title="<A HREF=http://www.sjweb.info>http://www.sjweb.info</A>">The Jesuit Portal - Jesuit Worldwide Homepage</a> - The Jesuit Portal</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.pray-as-you-go.org" title=": latest initiative by the British Jesuits, providing daily prayer in MP3 format for use "on the go"<br><br><A HREF=http://www.pray-as-you-go.org>http://www.pray-as-you-go.org</A>">Pray-as-you-go</a> - Pray-as-you-go . . . daily prayer for your MP3 player</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/pore/va/19730520/det236.html" title="(in<br><br><A HREF=http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/pore/va/19730520/det236.html>http://www.admin.ch/ch/f/pore/va/19730520/det236.html</A>">Official results</a> - Votation no 236Tableau récapitulatif</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jesuit.ie" title="<A HREF=http://www.jesuit.ie>http://www.jesuit.ie</A>">Jesuits in Ireland</a> - The Jesuits in Ireland: homepage</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.ewtn.com/library/SPIRIT/IGNASPIR.TXT" title="<A HREF=http://www.ewtn.com/library/SPIRIT/IGNASPIR.TXT>http://www.ewtn.com/library/SPIRIT/IGNASPIR.TXT</A>">''Ignatian Spirituality''</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.sevenhillcellars.com.au" title="(they are contantly drunk), the<br><br><A HREF=http://www.sevenhillcellars.com.au>http://www.sevenhillcellars.com.au</A>">Sevenhill</a> - Sevenhill Cellars produce white, red, fortified wine and sacramental wines.</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14081a.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> is a religious order founded by Saint Ignatius Loyola.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The term "Jesuit" (of fifteenth-century origin, meaning one who used too frequently or appropriated the name of <B>Jesus</B>), was first applied to the <B>society</B> in reproach (1544-52), and was never employed by its founder, though members and friends of the <B>society</B> in time accepted the name in its good sense.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>See also DISTINGUISHED JESUITS, JESUIT APOLOGETIC, EARLY JESUIT GENERALS, and four articles on the history of the <B>Society</B>: PRE-1750, 1750-1773, 1773-1814, and 1814-1912.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14081a.htm>http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14081a.htm</A>">J.H. Pollen, "The Jesuits (Society of Jesus)"</a> - CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Jesuits (The Society of Jesus)</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2006/november/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20061103_gregoriana_en.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>I greet Fr Peter-Hans Kolvenbach, S.J., who as Superior General of the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> is Grand Chancellor of the University and most directly concerned with this work, which I do not hesitate to describe as one of the greatest services that the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> carries out for the universal Church.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Dear friends, I am grateful to you for all that you generously do to support this institution which the Holy See has entrusted and continues to entrust to the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B>.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The integral formation of young people has been one of the traditional apostolates of the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> since its origins;</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2006/november/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20061103_gregoriana_en.html>http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2006/november/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20061103_gregoriana_en.html</A>">Benedict XVI's Visit to the Pontifical Gregorian University, 3 November 2006</a> - Visit to the Pontifical Gregorian University</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2006/april/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20060422_gesuiti_en.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Together with the Fathers and Brothers, I also greet the friends of the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> present here, and among them, the many men and women religious, members of the Communities of Christian Life and of the Apostolate of Prayer, the students and alumnae with their families from Rome, from Italy and from Stonyhurst in England, the teachers and students of the academic institutions and the many collaborators.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>This ecclesial characteristic, so specific to the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B>, lives on in you and in your apostolic activities, dear Jesuits, so that you may faithfully meet the urgent needs of the Church today.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Among these, it is important in my opinion to point out your cultural commitment in the areas of theology and philosophy in which the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> has traditionally been present, as well as the dialogue with modern culture, which, if it boasts on the one hand of the marvellous progress in the scientific field, remains heavily marked by positivist and materialist scientism.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2006/april/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20060422_gesuiti_en.html>http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/speeches/2006/april/documents/hf_ben-xvi_spe_20060422_gesuiti_en.html</A>">Benedict XVI's Address to the Members of the Society of Jesus, 22 April 2006</a> - Address to pilgrims and members of the Society of Jesus</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime" title="<A HREF=http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime>http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/inourtime</A>">In Our Time website</a> - BBC - Radio 4 In Our Time - Home Page</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.goajesuits.in" title="<A HREF=http://www.goajesuits.in>http://www.goajesuits.in</A>">Jesuits in Goa, India</a> - Goa Jesuits | The Goa Jesuit Province of the Society of Jesus | www.goajesuits.in</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jesuiten.org" title="<A HREF=http://www.jesuiten.org>http://www.jesuiten.org</A>">Jesuits in Germany</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jesuitvolunteers-uk.org" title="volunteer opportunities supported by the British Jesuits<br><br><A HREF=http://www.jesuitvolunteers-uk.org>http://www.jesuitvolunteers-uk.org</A>">Jesuit Volunteer Community, UK</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.canadianjesuitsinternational.ca" title="<A HREF=http://www.canadianjesuitsinternational.ca>http://www.canadianjesuitsinternational.ca</A>">Canadian Jesuits International</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jesuites.com" title="<A HREF=http://www.jesuites.com>http://www.jesuites.com</A>">Jesuits in France</a> - Jésuites de la Province de France</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/economicHistory/GEHN/GEHNPDF/WorkingPaper12CG.pdf" title="<A HREF=http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/economicHistory/GEHN/GEHNPDF/WorkingPaper12CG.pdf>http://www.lse.ac.uk/collections/economicHistory/GEHN/GEHNPDF/WorkingPaper12CG.pdf</A>">Wu-Wei in Europe. A Study of Eurasian Economic Thought</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.ocsj.net" title="<A HREF=http://www.ocsj.net>http://www.ocsj.net</A>">Old Catholic (not Roman) Jesuits in the United States</a> - The Old Catholic Society of Jesus</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/letters/2006/documents/hf_ben-xvi_let_20060515_50-haurietis-aquas_en.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>As I express the wish that the 50th anniversary will give rise to an ever more fervent response to love of the Heart of Christ in numerous hearts, I impart a special Apostolic Blessing to you, Most Reverend Father, and to all the Religious of the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B>, who are still very active in promoting this fundamental devotion.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Today, 50 years later, the Prophet Isaiah's words, which Pius XII placed at the beginning of the Encyclical with which he commemorated the first centenary of the extension of the Feast of the Most Sacred Heart of <B>Jesus</B> to the entire Church, have lost none of their meaning: "With joy you will draw water from the wells of salvation" (Is 12: 3).</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>By encouraging devotion to the Heart of <B>Jesus</B>, the Encyclical Haurietis Aquas exhorted believers to open themselves to the mystery of God and of his love and to allow themselves to be transformed by it.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/letters/2006/documents/hf_ben-xvi_let_20060515_50-haurietis-aquas_en.html>http://www.vatican.va/holy_father/benedict_xvi/letters/2006/documents/hf_ben-xvi_let_20060515_50-haurietis-aquas_en.html</A>">Letter to the Superior General of the Society of Jesus on the 50<sup>th</sup> anniversary of the Encyclical Haurietis Aquas</a> - Letter to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Pope Pius XII's Encyclical 'Haurietis Aquas'</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.ignatiusloyola.net" title=":Blogsite on Ignatian Spirituality and Jesuits in Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian Language)<br><br><A HREF=http://www.ignatiusloyola.net>http://www.ignatiusloyola.net</A>">Finding God in All Things</a> - Finding God in All Things | www.ignatiusloyola.net</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jvcnorthwest.org" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>JVC Northwest provides opportunities for young, motivated individuals to reach out to persons living on the margins of <B>society</B> and vulnerable places throughout the Pacific Northwest.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Jesuit Volunteers work for a year or more in solidarity with persons living on the margins of <B>society</B> and with vulnerable places in the Pacific Northwest.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.jvcnorthwest.org>http://www.jvcnorthwest.org</A>">Northwest Region of the Jesuit Volunteer Corps</a> - JVC - Jesuit Volunteer Corps Northwest</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jezuici.pl" title="<A HREF=http://www.jezuici.pl>http://www.jezuici.pl</A>">Jesuits in Poland</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jesuitas.cl" title="<A HREF=http://www.jesuitas.cl>http://www.jesuitas.cl</A>">Jesuits in Chile</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.stxavier.org/stxavier.aspx?pgID=540" title="Prayer, in Ignatian spirituality, does not dispense from "helping oneself," a phrase frequently used by Ignatius. Thus, he also speaks of<br><br><A HREF=http://www.stxavier.org/stxavier.aspx?pgID=540>http://www.stxavier.org/stxavier.aspx?pgID=540</A>">St. Xavier - System - Error 404</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.catholic.net/global_catholic_news/template_news.phtml?news_id=89632&channel_id=2" title="The National Secular <B>Society</B> in England has launched an initiative to request a certificate of de-baptism.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.catholic.net/global_catholic_news/template_news.phtml?news_id=89632&channel_id=2>http://www.catholic.net/global_catholic_news/template_news.phtml?news_id=89632&channel_id=2</A>">Benedict XVI Hails Devotion to Sacred Heart, May 23, 2006</a> - Catholic.net - News & Media~News</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.admin.ch" title="<A HREF=http://www.admin.ch>http://www.admin.ch</A>">Swiss Administration</a> - admin.ch - Homepage</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://africa.reuters.com/wire/news/usnL19414053.html" title="<A HREF=http://africa.reuters.com/wire/news/usnL19414053.html>http://africa.reuters.com/wire/news/usnL19414053.html</A>">africa.reuters.com, Spaniard becomes Jesuits' new "black pope"</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://zenit.org/article-21968?l=english" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>I therefore ardently hope that thanks to the results of your Congregation the entire <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> will be able to live out with renewed dynamism and fervour the mission for which the Spirit willed it in the Church and has preserved it for more than four and a half centuries with extraordinary apostolic fruitfulness.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>As the Formula of your Institute says, the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> was founded in the first place "for the defence and propagation of the faith".</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>The <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> should therefore give preferential attention to this.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://zenit.org/article-21968?l=english>http://zenit.org/article-21968?l=english</A>">Papal Address to Members of Jesuit General Congregation: Rediscover the Fullest Meaning of Your Characteristic '4th Vow' of Obedience</a> - ZENIT - Papal Address to Members of Jesuit General Congregation</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.catholicnews.com/data/stories/cns/0801316.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>In addition to the five decrees, the congregation approved a formal declaration titled "With New Fervor and Dynamism, the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> Responds to the Call of Benedict XVI."</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>In a January letter, Pope Benedict asked the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> "to affirm its fidelity to the magisterium and the Holy See," Father Nicolas said.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.catholicnews.com/data/stories/cns/0801316.htm>http://www.catholicnews.com/data/stories/cns/0801316.htm</A>">Jesuits end meeting by approving decrees, confirming fidelity to pope, CNS March 7, 2008</a> - CNS STORY: Jesuits end meeting by approving decrees, confirming fidelity to pope</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.nationalreview.com/kurtz/kurtz031302.asp" title="<A HREF=http://www.nationalreview.com/kurtz/kurtz031302.asp>http://www.nationalreview.com/kurtz/kurtz031302.asp</A>">Stanley Kurtz on Campion College on National Review Online</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.americanprowler.com/dsp_article.asp?art_id=8148" title="<A HREF=http://www.americanprowler.com/dsp_article.asp?art_id=8148>http://www.americanprowler.com/dsp_article.asp?art_id=8148</A>">The American Spectator : Clerical Losers</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.lifesite.net/ldn/2004/sep/04092109.html" title="This lack of fidelity to both Church doctrine and the papacy itself is somewhat ironic in light of the fact that the order was originally established for the specific purpose of defending the faith and pledges absolute loyalty to the pope. Because of its deviation from the mission upon which it was founded, the influence of the Jesuits within the Church has waned considerably.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.lifesite.net/ldn/2004/sep/04092109.html>http://www.lifesite.net/ldn/2004/sep/04092109.html</A>">Pro-Abortion Jesuit Robert Drinan to Speak Today at Catholic University</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.natcath.com/NCR_Online/archives/081100/081100e.htm" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The book has drawn high praise from many theologians for the way the author avoids discussing <B>Jesus</B> in traditional dogmatic formulas, but rather presents an interpretation of <B>Jesus</B> in modern terms.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>In its latest attempt to rein in theologians who hint that <B>Jesus</B> of Nazareth is not the exclusive path to God, the Vatican is investigating Jesuit Fr.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Haight is the author of <B>Jesus</B>, Symbol of God, a book published last year by Orbis Press.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.natcath.com/NCR_Online/archives/081100/081100e.htm>http://www.natcath.com/NCR_Online/archives/081100/081100e.htm</A>">Rome targets another Jesuit</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.sspx.ca/Angelus/1984_November/Pope_Jesuits.htm" title="<A HREF=http://www.sspx.ca/Angelus/1984_November/Pope_Jesuits.htm>http://www.sspx.ca/Angelus/1984_November/Pope_Jesuits.htm</A>">Society of Saint Pius X in Canada redirect</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.stonyhurst.ac.uk" title="Stonyhurst College<br><br><A HREF=http://www.stonyhurst.ac.uk>http://www.stonyhurst.ac.uk</A>">Web Site</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jesuittampa.org" title="<A HREF=http://www.jesuittampa.org>http://www.jesuittampa.org</A>">Welcome to Jesuit High School</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.jsea.org" title=". These schools include (in alphabetical order):<br><br><A HREF=http://www.jsea.org>http://www.jsea.org</A>">General - Welcome to JSEA</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.ignatius.edu" title="<A HREF=http://www.ignatius.edu>http://www.ignatius.edu</A>">Saint Ignatius High School - :: The Jesuit Preparatory School in Cleveland :: A.M.D.G.</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.sjjtitans.org/web/main/homepage" title="<A HREF=http://www.sjjtitans.org/web/main/homepage>http://www.sjjtitans.org/web/main/homepage</A>">St. John's Jesuit High School & Academy | Ad maiorem Dei gloriam</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.sjcc.ac.in" title="<A HREF=http://www.sjcc.ac.in>http://www.sjcc.ac.in</A>">St. Joseph's College of Commerce</a> - ..::..St.Joseph's College of Commerce ..::..</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.stpetersprep.org" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>The 35th General Congregation of the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> began on Jan.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Prep participated in a Province-wide initiative to promote vocations to the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> on Nov.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>A reception at the home of Sandy and Charlie Lizza, '74, P'11,'12 on June 11 honored the members of Prep's Donné <B>Society</B>.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.stpetersprep.org>http://www.stpetersprep.org</A>">Saint Peter's Prep - Home</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.vaticanassassins.org" title="Site detailing the involvement of the <B>Society</B> of Jesuits in the assasination of President John F. Kennedy<br><br><A HREF=http://www.vaticanassassins.org>http://www.vaticanassassins.org</A>">Vatican Assasins:</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.reformation.org/oath.html" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Paul and all the saints and sacred hosts of heaven, and to you, my ghostly father, the Superior General of the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B>, founded by St.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>That when the same cannot be done openly, I will secretly use the poisoned cup, the strangulating cord, the steel of the poniard or the leaden bullet, regardless of the honor, rank, dignity, or authority of the person or persons, whatever may be their condition in life, either public or private, as I at any time may be directed so to do by any agent of the Pope or Superior of the Brotherhood of the Holy Faith, of the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B>.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>Ignatius Loyola, the founder of the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> or the Soldiers of <B>Jesus</B> Christ.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.reformation.org/oath.html>http://www.reformation.org/oath.html</A>">Text of the alleged Extreme Oath</a> - Jesuit Extreme Oath of Induction</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.bcp.org" title="<A HREF=http://www.bcp.org>http://www.bcp.org</A>">Bellarmine College Preparatory</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.campion.ox.ac.uk" title="Campion Hall, a house owned and run by the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B>.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.campion.ox.ac.uk>http://www.campion.ox.ac.uk</A>">Web Site</a> - Welcome to Campion Hall</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.wimbledoncollege.org.uk" title="<A HREF=http://www.wimbledoncollege.org.uk>http://www.wimbledoncollege.org.uk</A>">Web Site</a> - Wimbledon College Homepage</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.heythrop.ac.uk" title="<A HREF=http://www.heythrop.ac.uk>http://www.heythrop.ac.uk</A>">Web Site</a> - Heythrop College - Home</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.georgetown.edu" title="<A HREF=http://www.georgetown.edu>http://www.georgetown.edu</A>">Web Site</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.upco.es" title="<A HREF=http://www.upco.es>http://www.upco.es</A>">Web Site</a> - Universidad Pontificia Comillas</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.fordham.edu" title="<A HREF=http://www.fordham.edu>http://www.fordham.edu</A>">Web Site</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.fairfield.edu" title="<A HREF=http://www.fairfield.edu>http://www.fairfield.edu</A>">Web Site</a> - Welcome to Fairfield University</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.creighton.edu" title="<A HREF=http://www.creighton.edu>http://www.creighton.edu</A>">Web Site</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://wyk.edu.hk" title="<A HREF=http://wyk.edu.hk>http://wyk.edu.hk</A>">Web Site</a> - Wah Yan College, Kowloon</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?ArtKey=jesuit" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Paul, and all the saints, sacred host of Heaven, and to you, my Ghostly Father, the superior general of the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B>, founded by St.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>That when the same cannot be done openly I will secretly use the poisonous cup, the strangulation cord, the steel of the poniard, or the leaden bullet, regardless of the honour, rank, dignity or authority of the persons, whatever may be their condition in life, either public or private, as I at any time may be directed so to do by any agents of the Pope or Superior of the Brotherhood of the Holy Father of the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B>.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>You will now rise to your feet and I will instruct you in the Catechism necessary to make yourself known to any member of the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B> belonging to this rank.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?ArtKey=jesuit>http://www.ianpaisley.org/article.asp?ArtKey=jesuit</A>">The Jesuit Oath Exposed</a> - EIPS - The Jesuit Oath Exposed</td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.siprep.org" title="<A HREF=http://www.siprep.org>http://www.siprep.org</A>">St. Ignatius College Preparatory, San Francisco, CA</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.belenjesuit.org" title="<A HREF=http://www.belenjesuit.org>http://www.belenjesuit.org</A>">Belen Jesuit Preparatory School - Home Page</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.javeriana.edu.co" title="<A HREF=http://www.javeriana.edu.co>http://www.javeriana.edu.co</A>">Web Site</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-6866695_ITM" title="Edward Thomas Burke was truly sorry for his crimes and no longer posed a danger to <B>society</B>.<br><br><A HREF=http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-6866695_ITM>http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-6866695_ITM</A>">Retired Jesuit priest sentenced to 2 years for molestation. (28-JUN-02) Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> <span class="fragment"> <!-- start module content external_links_revision_history --> <div id="external_links_revision_history_fragments"> <table border="0" cellpadding="0" cellspacing="0" hspace="0" vspace="0"><tr><td valign="top" nowrap bgcolor="white"><nobr><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/spacer.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"><img src="images/external_links_revision_history/square2-8x11.gif" align="bottom" width="8" height="11"> </nobr></td><td><a href="http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2005/01/26/priest_sentenced_to_five_to_seven_years_in_abuse_case" title="<TABLE STYLE='font-size: 12;'><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>•</TD><TD>Talbot walked into Suffolk Superior Court yesterday dressed in everyday clothes, without the clerical collar usually worn by members of the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B>, a Roman Catholic order to which Talbot still belongs.</TD></TR><TR><TD VALIGN='TOP'>&bull</TD><TD>John Higgins of the New England Province of the <B>Society</B> of <B>Jesus</B>, Talbot remains a priest and a Jesuit though he is banned from ministering to the public.</TD></TR></TABLE><BR><A HREF=http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2005/01/26/priest_sentenced_to_five_to_seven_years_in_abuse_case>http://www.boston.com/news/local/massachusetts/articles/2005/01/26/priest_sentenced_to_five_to_seven_years_in_abuse_case</A>">Priest sentenced to five to seven years in abuse case - The Boston Globe</a></td></tr></table> </div> <!-- end module content external_links_revision_history --> </span><br/> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div> <div class="section" id="related_topics"> <h1 class="section-title"> <a name="related_topics">Related topics</a> </h1> <span class="core-uptodate">Up to date as of August 19, 2010</span> <ul> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Congregation_of_the_Most_Holy_Redeemer">Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Dominican_Order">Dominican Order</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Conventual_Franciscans">Conventual Franciscans</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Congregation_of_the_Mission">Congregation of the Mission</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Oratory_of_Saint_Philip_Neri">Oratory of Saint Philip Neri</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Trappists">Trappists</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Franciscan">Franciscan</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Catholic_religious_order">Catholic religious order</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Discalced_Carmelites">Discalced Carmelites</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Salesians_of_Don_Bosco">Salesians of Don Bosco</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Loyola_University_Chicago">Loyola University Chicago</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/List_of_alumni_of_Jesuit_educational_institutions">List of alumni of Jesuit educational institutions</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Jesuit">Jesuit</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Loyola">Loyola</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Seattle_University">Seattle University</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/St_Ignatius_de_Loyola">St Ignatius de Loyola</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Saint_Ignatius_High_School">Saint Ignatius High School</a> </li> </span> <span class="fragment"> <li> <a href="/Mount_St_Mary%27s_College">Mount St Mary's College</a> </li> </span> </ul> </div> <div class="section-delimeter"></div></div> </div> <br/><br/><br/> <script type="text/javascript" language="javascript"><!-- function checkEmail(myForm) { if (/^\w+([\.-]?\w+)*@\w+([\.-]?\w+)*(\.\w{2,3})+$/.test(myForm.str_email.value)){ return (true); } alert("Invalid E-mail Address! 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