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Tomb Of Sohni In Shahdad Pur in Pakistan (By Rakaposhi Hiking Club Shahdadpur )

Sohni Mahiwal (Urdu/Punjabi: سوہنی مہیوال is one of the four popular tragic romances of the Sindh, and Punjab in Pakistan. This is one of the four identity of Pakistans and Punjab Literature. Sohni lived in Punjab (now Pakistan) followed by Heer Ranjha, Mirza Sahiba and Sassi Punnun. The story is one of the most prominent examples of medieval poetic legends in the Punjabi, Seraiki and Sindhi languages.


Sohni, the potter's daughter

Sohni was the daughter of a potter named Lula, who lived in Gujrat town (now Disst Gujrat)in Pakistan, in late Mughal period which is around the 18th century, India was a subcontinent now the region of Sohnis home is Punjab in Pakistan. the Shop Of Shohni Gujrat City Near Rampiari Mahal. Near the River Chenab there was caravan trade route between Bukhara and Delhi.[1] As soon as the 'Surahis' (water pitchers) and mugs came off the wheels, she would draw floral designs on them and transform them into masterpieces of art.

Izzat Baig of Bukhara

Izzat Baig, the rich trader from Bukhara (Uzbekistan), came to India on business but when he saw the beautiful Sohni in the town of Gujrat in Punjab (now Punjab in Pakistan), he was completely enchanted. Instead of keeping 'mohars' (gold coins) in his pockets, he roamed around with his pockets full of love. Just to get a glimpse of Sohni, he would end up buying the water pitchers and mugs everyday.

Sohni lost her heart to Izzat Baig. Instead of making floral designs on earthenware, she started building castles of love in her dreams. Izzat Baig sent off his companions to Bukhara. He took up the job of a servant in the house of Lula, Sohni's father. He would even take their buffaloes for grazing. Soon, he came to be known as "Mahiwal"(buffalo herder).

Sohni's marriage

When the people startedabout the love of Sohni and Mahiwal, without her consent her parents arranged her marriage with another potter.

Suddenly, one day his "barat" (marriage party) arrived at the threshold of her house. Sohni was helpless and in a poignant state. Her parents bundled her off in the doli (palanquin), but they could not pack off her love in any doli (box).

Izzat Baig renounced the world and started living like a "faqir" (hermit) in a small hut across the river. The earth of Sohni’s land was like a dargah (shrine) for him. He had forgotten his own land, his own people and his world. Taking advantage of the darkness of the night, when the world was fast asleep, Sohni would come by the riverside and Izzat Baig would swim across the river to meet her. He would regularly roast a fish and bring it for her. It is said that once, when due to high tide he could not catch a fish, Mahiwal cut a piece of his thigh and roasted it. Seeing the bandage on his thigh, Sohni opened it, saw the wound and cried.

The End

Sohni Swims to Meet Her Lover Mahinwal, circa 1780 Painting from LACMA

From the next day, Sohni started swimming across the river with the help of an earthen pitcher as Izzat Baig was so badly wounded and could not swim across the river. Soon, the rumours of their romantic rendezvous spread. One-day Sohni’s sister-in-law followed her and saw the hiding place where Sohni used to keep her earthen pitcher among the bushes. The next day, the sister-in-law removed the hard baked pitcher and replaced it with an unbaked one. That night, when Sohni tried to cross the river with the help of the pitcher, it dissolved in the water and Sohni drowned in the river. From the other side of the river, Mahiwal saw Sohni drowning and jumped into the river and drowned as well.

Sohni's Tomb

Sohni lies buried in Shahdapur, Sindh, some 75 km from Hyderabad, Pakistan. According to the legend the bodies of Sohni Mahiwal were recovered from the River Indus near this city and hence are buried there.

The love story of Sohni and Mahiwal has been the inspiration for numerous songs and poetry in Pakistan, including Pathanay Khan's famous song "Sohni Gharay nu akha di mainu yaar milawa". An Indian film was also made with the name Sohni-Mahiwal(1984) starring Sunny Deol and Poonam Dhillon.[2]

See also




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