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This article is about the plant Solanum mammosum, described by Carl Linnaeus. For other Solanum described under this name, see below.
"Cow's Udder" and variants redirect here. You may be looking for information found in Cow and Udder.
Ripe fruit
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species: S. mammosum
Binomial name
Solanum mammosum

See text

Solanum mammosum is commonly known as Nipplefruit, Titty Fruit, Cow's Udder, or, ambiguously, "apple of Sodom"[1]. The Japanese call it Fox Face. It is an annual to perennial plant in the Solanaceae family, part of the Solanum or nightshade genus, and a relative of the tomato and potato. This poisonous fruit is native to South America, but has been naturalized in the Greater Antilles, Central America and Caribbean.

The plant is grown for ornamental purposes, in part because of the distal end of the fruits resembling to a human breast, while the proximal end looks like a cow's udder. It is reputed to have medicinal use in various treatments, from athlete's foot[2] to irritability and restlessness[3], and is sometimes used as a detergent. It is imported to Taiwan for use as a religious offering.



This plant is not easily confused, but several now-invalid scientific names have been given to it:[4]

  • Solanum corniculatum E.André (non Huber: preoccupied[5])
S. corniculatum of Hiern refers to an unidentifiable species of Lycianthes.
  • Solanum cornigerum E.André
S. cornigerum of Dunal in de Candolle is now S. viscosissimum.
  • Solanum globiferum Dunal
  • Solanum mammosum var. corniculum Ridl.
  • Solanum mamosissimum Ram.Goyena
  • Solanum platanifolium Sims
S. platanifolium var. lagoense is the Solanum affine of Otto Sendtner.
  • Solanum villosissimum Zuccagni

In addition, the name Solanum mammosum was also invalidly given to other nightshade species:[4]

Wrong called 'Apple of Sodom' 'Apple of Sodom' is


  1. ^ Trade Winds Fruit: Nipple Fruit
  2. ^ Lans et al. (2001)
  3. ^ (1995)
  4. ^ a b Solanaceae Source (2006)
  5. ^ The identity of Huber's S. corniculatum is unclear, but his description precedes that of André: Solanaceae Source (2006)


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