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"Solanum balbisii", "Solanum decurrens", "Solanum edule", "Solanum formosum" and "Solanum viscosum" redirect here. These all can also refer to other nightshade species; see below.
Sticky Nightshade
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Solanum
Species: S. sisymbriifolium
Binomial name
Solanum sisymbriifolium
Lam.
Synonyms

Many, see text

Solanum sisymbriifolium is commonly known as Sticky Nightshade, the Fire-and-Ice plant, Litchi Tomato, or Morelle de Balbis.[1]

The small edible fruits are red on the outside and yellow inside. It grows inside a husk (like the tomatillo) which burst open when the fruit ripens. The flavor resembles sour cherries and a little bit like a tomato.[1]

This plant has been used as a trap crop to protect potatoes from potato cyst nematode.[2] The stems and leave contain solasodine which makes the plant very resistant to many pests and diseases, with the exception of potato beetles and tomato worms. It can also be used as a hedge plant to keep animals out of a garden, because it is covered with thorns.[1]

Contents

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Synonyms

Closeup of flowers
Unripe fruit are hidden in a spiny husk

The Sticky Nightshade has been described under a number of now-invalid scientific names, many of them quite ambiguous homonyms:[3]

  • Solanum balbisii Dunal
Solanum balbisii of Bojer based on Dunal in de Candolle is S. richardii
  • Solanum balbisii var. bipinnata Hook.
  • Solanum balbisii var. oligospermum Sendtn.
  • Solanum balbisii var. purpureum Hook.
  • Solanum bipinnatifidum Larrañaga
  • Solanum brancaefolium Jacq.
  • Solanum decurrens Balb.
Solanum decurrens of Banks based on Dunal in de Candolle is S. jamaicense
Solanum decurrens of Wallich based on Dunal in de Candolle is S. americanum
Solanum decurrens of de Conceição Vellozo is S. hoehnei
  • Solanum edule Vell.
Solanum edule of H.C.F. Schumacher & Thonning in Schumacher and Solanum edule var. multifidum of Dunal in de Candolle refer to the eggplant (S. melongena)
  • Solanum formosum Weinm.
Solanum formosum of Dunal is S. crinitipes
  • Solanum inflatum Hornem.
  • Solanum mauritianum Willd. ex Roth (preoccupied)
Solanum mauritianum of Blanco is S. erianthum
  • Solanum opuliflorum Port. ex Walp. (nomen nudum)
  • Solanum opuliflorum Port. ex Dunal (nomen nudum)
  • Solanum rogersii S.Moore
  • Solanum sabeanum Buckley
  • Solanum sisymbriifolium (lapsus)
  • Solanum subviscidum Schrank
  • Solanum thouinii C.C.Gmel.
  • Solanum viscidum Schweigg.
  • Solanum viscosum Lag.
Solanum viscosum of Philipp Salzmann based on Dunal in de Candolle is S. paludosum of Moric.
  • Solanum xanthacanthum Willd. ex Walp. (nomen nudum)

Several forms and varieties have been named, but these are generally not consiedered valid today:[3]

  • Solanum sisymbriifolium notst purpureiflorum Dunal
  • Solanum sisymbriifolium forma albiflorum Kuntze
Solanum albiflorum of Philippi is S. pinnatum of Cavanilles
Solanum albiflorum of De Wildeman is S. anguivi
  • Solanum sisymbriifolium var. bipinnatipartitum Dunal
  • Solanum sisymbriifolium var. brevilobum Dunal
  • Solanum sisymbriifolium var. gracile Mattos
Solanum gracile of Moric. based on Dunal in de Candolle is S. agrarium
Solanum gracile of Dunal in de Candolle is S. chenopodioides of Lamarck
  • Solanum sisymbriifolium var. heracleifolium Sendtn.
  • Solanum sisymbriifolium forma lilacinum Kuntze
Solanum lilacinum of Rusby is S. pallidum
  • Solanum sisymbriifolium var. macrocarpum Kuntze
Solanum macrocarpum of Maximowicz (revised by Koidzumi) is S. dulcamara
  • Solanum sisymbriifolium var. oligospermum (Sendtn.) Dunal
Solanum oligospermum of Bitter is S: douglasii

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c Litchi Tomato article in Mother Earth News, December 2009
  2. ^ RR (2006)
  3. ^ a b Solanaceae Source [2008]

References

External links


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