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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

King Chulalongkorn of Siam (far right) with a few of his sons at Eton College in 1897 (the King had 33 sons).

A son is a male offspring; a boy or man in relation to his parents. The female analogue is a daughter.


Social issues regarding sons

Pre-industrial societies and some current countries with agriculture-based economies, a higher value was, and still is, assigned to sons rather than daughters, giving males higher social status, because males were physically stronger, and could perform farming tasks more effectively.

In China, a One-child Policy is in effect in order to address rapid population growth. Official birth records have shown a rise in the level of male births since the policy was brought into law. This has been attributed to a number of factors, including the illegal practice of sex-selective abortion and widespread under-reporting of female births.

In some societies that practice primogeniture, sons will customarily inherit before daughters.

Specialized use of the term son

A Chilean dad with his newborn son.

American slang

In the lexicons of American English and African American Vernacular English, the term is sometimes used (1) by older men addressing younger men, implying the speaker's seniority; and (2) as one of endearment between young Black males and others who imitate hip hop culture, mainly in urban and inner city.

The origin of the term "Son" in the vernacular context was used among American East Coast urban youths as a derogatory term that extended beyond justifying seniority. Often, it was used to claim or instigate one's sentiment toward a rival. The term's derogatory intention began to shift as rap groups like the Wu-Tang Clan used it in their lyrics of the rough ghetto life as a form of endearment. As urban/hip-hop culture has been portrayed as a glamorous subculture to the youths today, the term has been commonly used as playful greeting for those who seek an urban identity to develop their own culture from and will use the term "Son" as well other terms found in rap lyrics like "Nigga", Cuhz (Cousin). Still, those who use or believe these terms are derogatory find differentiation in how the word is enunciated or structured. Mainly, in how the term is pronounced in comparison to the sentence structure as well as the body language (ie- gestural, proxemics, etc,).

Christian symbolism

Among Christians, "The Son" or Son of God refers to Jesus Christ. Trinitarian Christians view Jesus as the human incarnation of the second person of the Trinity, known as God the Son.

In Semitic names

The Arabic word for son is "ibn". Because family and ancestry are important cultural values in the Arab World, Arabs often use "bin", which is a form of "ibn", in their full names. The "bin" here means "son of". Consequently, e.g. the Arab name of "Saleh bin Tarif bin Khaled Al-Fulani" translates as "Saleh, son of Tarif, son of Khaled; of the family Al-Fulani" (cf. Arab family naming conventions). Accordingly, the opposite of "ibn"/"bin" is "abu", meaning "the father of". It is a retronym, given upon the birth of one's first born son, and is used as a moniker to indicate the newly acquired fatherhood status, rather than a family name. For example, if Mahmoud's first born son is named Abdullah, from that point on Mahmoud can be called "Abu Abdullah".

This is cognate with the Hebrew language "ben", as in "Judah ben Abram HaLevi", which means "Judah, son of Abram, the Levite". Ben is also a standalone name.

Indications in names

In many cultures, the surname of the family means "son of", indicating a possible ancestry -- i.e., that the whole family descends from a common ancestor. It may vary between the beginning or the termination of the surname.

  • bin or ibn. Example: "Ibn Sina" (son of Sina), "Ibn Khaldun" (son of Khaldun), etc.
  • ben or bin before 1300 BC. Example: "Benjamin" (son of my right hand). Also, the Hebrew word for "person" is "ben Adam", meaning "son of Adam".
  • Sen. Example: "Henriksen" (son of Henrik), "Jensen" (son of Jens), "Andersen" (son of Anders), etc.
  • Son. Example: "Jefferson" (son of Jeffrey), "Wilson" (son of William), "Edson" (son of Edward), "Sanderson" ("son of Ander"), etc.
  • Mac or Mc. Example: "MacThomas" (son of Thomas), "MacDonald" (son of Donald), "MacLean" (son of Lean), etc.
  • es. Example: "Fernandes" (son of Fernand), etc.
  • ot. Example: "Pierrot" (son of Pierre), etc.
  • de. Example: "Danton" (son of Anton), etc.
  • di. Example: di Stefano (son of Steven), di Giovanni (son of John), di Giuseppe (son of Joseph), etc.
  • de. Example: de Paolo (son of Paul), de Mauro (son of Maurus), de Giorgio ( son of George) etc.
  • d`. Example: d`Antonio (son of Anthony), d`Adriano (son of Adrian), d`Agostino (son of Augustine) etc.;
  • -i, which comes from Latin ending for Genitive. Example: Paoli (son of Paolo), Richetti (son of Richetto, a short name for Enrico) etc.;
  • Son. Example: "Magnusson" (son of Magnus); "Sigurdsson" (son of Sigurd), "Odinson" (son of Odin), etc.
  • pour/pur. Example: "Pourahmadi" (son of Ahmad).
  • zad. Example: "Shahzade" (son of the Shah).
  • ski. Example: "Janowski" (son of John), "Piotrowski" (son of Peter), "Michalski" (son of Michael), etc.
  • Es. Example: "Gonçalves" (son of Gonçalo), "Henriques" (son of Henrique), "Fernandes" (son of Fernando), etc.
  • a as prefix (except for female names that start in a and probably for others that start in vowels) & ei as suffix. Example: "Amariei" (son of Mary), "Adomnitei" (son of Domnita), "Alenei" (son of Elena/Leana), etc.
  • escu or sometimes aşcu comes from the Latin -iscus which means "belonging to the people". Example: "Petrescu" ("Petre's son"), "Popescu" ("Popa's son" Popa meaning Priest), "Constantinescu" (son of Constantin), etc.
  • ski (pronounced /skij/, commonly spelled "sky" as well), meaning simply "of". Example: "Stanislavski" (son of Stanislav).
  • ov (pronounced /ɔf/, ovich (pronounced /ˈɔˌvitʃ/ or ovski (pronounced /ˈɔfˌskij/). Example: "Ivanov" (son of Ivan), "Davidovich" (son of David), "Petrovski" (son of Peter), etc.
  • ev (pronounced /(j)ef/), evich (pronounced /ˈ(j)eˌvitʃ/) or evski (pronounced /ˈ(j)efˌskij/). Example: "Dmitriev" (son of Dmitri), "Danilevich" (son of Daniel), "Vorobyevski" (son of a sparrow) etc.
  • Ez. Example: "Gonzalez" (son of Gonzalo), "Henriquez" (son of Henrique), "Fernandez" (son of Fernando), etc.
  • ap or ab. Example: "ap Rhys" (son of Rhys, anglicised to "Price"), "ab Owain" (son of Owen, anglicised to Bowen) etc.

Afrikaans: Son - Sun

Source material

Up to date as of January 22, 2010

From Wikisource

by Robert W. Service
Collected in Rhymes of a Red-Cross Man


He hurried away, young heart of joy, under our Devon sky!
And I watched him go, my beautiful boy, and a weary woman was I.
For my hair is grey, and his was gold; he'd the best of his life to live;
And I'd loved him so, and I'm old, I'm old; and he's all I had to give.

Ah yes, he was proud and swift and gay, but oh how my eyes were dim!
With the sun in his heart he went away, but he took the sun with him.
For look! How the leaves are falling now, and the winter won't be long. . . .
Oh boy, my boy with the sunny brow, and the lips of love and of song!

How we used to sit at the day's sweet end, we two by the firelight's gleam,
And we'd drift to the Valley of Let's Pretend, on the beautiful river of Dream.
Oh dear little heart! All wealth untold would I gladly, gladly pay
Could I just for a moment closely hold that golden head to my grey.

For I gaze in the fire, and I'm seeing there a child, and he waves to me;
And I run and I hold him up in the air, and he laughs and shouts with glee;
A little bundle of love and mirth, crying: "Come, Mumsie dear!"
Ah me! If he called from the ends of the earth I know that my heart would hear.

Yet the thought comes thrilling through all my pain: how worthier could he die?
Yea, a loss like that is a glorious gain, and pitiful proud am I.
For Peace must be bought with blood and tears, and the boys of our hearts must pay;
And so in our joy of the after-years, let us bless them every day.

And though I know there's a hasty grave with a poor little cross at its head,
And the gold of his youth he so gladly gave, yet to me he'll never be dead.
And the sun in my Devon lane will be gay, and my boy will be with me still,
So I'm finding the heart to smile and say: "Oh God, if it be Thy Will!"


Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also son, søn, sơn, and soon



Proper noun




  1. (Christianity) Jesus Christ, whom Christians believe to be the son of God.

Derived terms


Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Jesus article)

From BibleWiki

Je'sus,(4 BC-33 AD) the proper, as Christ is the official, name of our Lord. To distinguish him from others so called, he is spoken of as "Jesus of Nazareth" (Jn 18:7), and "Jesus the son of Joseph" (Jn 6:42).

This is the Greek form of the Hebrew name Joshua, meaning " יהוה, is Salvation", which was originally Hoshea (Num 13:8,16), but changed by Moses into Yehoshua (Num 13:16; 1Chr 7:27), or Joshua. After the Exile it assumed the form Yeshua, whence the Greek form Jesus. It was given to denote the object of His mission, to save (Mt 1:21).

The life of Jesus on earth may be divided into two great periods,

  1. that of his private life, till he was about thirty years of age
  2. that of his public life, which lasted about three years.

In the "fulness of time" He was born at Bethlehem, in the reign of the emperor Augustus, of Mary, who was betrothed to Joseph, a carpenter (Mt 1:1; Lk 3:23; comp. Jn 7:42). His birth was announced to the shepherds (Lk 2:8,20). Wise men from the east came to Bethlehem to see him who was born "King of the Jews," bringing gifts with them (Matt. 2:1-12). Herod's cruel jealousy led to Joseph's flight into Egypt with Mary and the infant Jesus, where they tarried till the death of this king (Matt. 2:13-23), when they returned and settled in Nazareth, in Lower Galilee (Mt 2:23; comp. Lk 4:16; Jn 1:46, etc.). At the age of twelve years he went up to Jerusalem to the Passover with his parents. There, in the temple, "in the midst of the doctors," all that heard him were "astonished at his understanding and answers" (Lk 2:41, etc.).

Eighteen years pass, of which we have no record beyond this, that he returned to Nazareth and "increased in wisdom and stature, and in favour with God and man" (Lk 2:52).

He entered on his public ministry when he was about thirty years of age, after the mission of John the Baptist (Lk 3:1ff). It is generally reckoned to have extended to about three years, primarily in Palestine. "Each of these years had peculiar features of its own.

  1. The first year may be called the year of obscurity, both because the records of it which we possess are very scanty, and because He seems during it to have been only slowly emerging into public notice. It was spent for the most part in Judea.
  2. The second year was the year of public favour, during which the country had become thoroughly aware of him; his activity was incessant, and his frame rang through the length and breadth of the land. It was almost wholly passed in Galilee.
  3. The third was the year of opposition, when the public favour ebbed away. His enemies multiplied and assailed him with more and more pertinacity, and at last he fell a victim to their hatred. The first six months of this final year were passed in Galilee, and the last six in other parts of the land.", Stalker's Life of Jesus Christ, p. 45.

After the baptism of Jesus by John the Baptist (Mt 1:10f) and 40 days in the wilderness (Mt 4:1-11)), Jesus gathered the 12 disciples around him (Paul became disciple later, after the upside down crucifixion of Peter). He thought these disciples the Kingdom of God, about the present and the future, of the Fathergood of God for those who accept his as the Messiah, and of the fulfilment of the scriptures and prophecies in his life, death and resurrection. His primary way of teaching the crouds was through parables (Mt 13:[[Matthew Chapter 13, Verse |]]), which He later explained the meaning of to the disciples when they were in private. Jesus also performed many miracles as signs of the presence and power of the kingdom of God and of his Messiahship (Mk 2:10, Jn 2:11). After his resurrection he appeared to Mary Magdalene and his disciples and commissioned them to take the gospel to the whole world in the power of the Spirit whom He would send to them.

Information about Jesus is in both the four gospels and in the letters of the New Testament. The latter tells of his life and activity now in Heaven as head of the Church, and of His intention to return to earth to conquer (leading his army) Satan and his armies, and to judge the living and the dead. He will then rule over the chosen new residents of the new Jerusalem, which will descend down from Heaven down to the earth at the place of the current Jerusalem, which will be destroyed by that time

Genealogy of Jesus

The genealogy of Jesus is mentioned in two books of the Bible, both in the New Testament. The apostle Matthew provides a genealogy from Abraham to Joseph, the legal father of Jesus. Matthew is careful to say that Joseph was "the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus," and not that Joseph begat Jesus because Joseph was not the biological father of Jesus because Mary conceived Jesus apart from Joseph. The apostle Luke provides a genealogy from Jesus to Adam, denoting his association with mankind, but Luke was also careful to say that Jesus was the son "as was supposed of Joseph" again because Joseph was not the biological father of Jesus.


See also

  1. Joshua, the son of Nun (Acts 7:45; Heb 4:8; R.V., "Joshua").
  2. A Jewish Christian surnamed Justus (Col 4:11).
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.

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Simple English

Simple English Wiktionary has the word meaning for:

A son is the male child of a mother and father. The opposite of a son is a daughter. If the child has siblings then the son is a brother.

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