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Sonic the Hedgehog
Sonic cast.jpg
The cover of Sonic the Hedgehog #125
Publication information
Publisher Archie Comics
Schedule monthly
Publication date February 1993 – Present
Number of issues 210
Creative team
Writer(s) Ian Flynn
Penciller(s) Tracy Yardley

Matt Herms
Steven Butler

Jamal Peppers
Inker(s) Jim Amash
Letterer(s) John Workman
Colorist(s) Matt Herms
Editor(s) Mike Pellerito
Victor Gorelick

Sonic the Hedgehog is an ongoing series of American comic books published by Archie Comics, featuring Sega's mascot video game character of the same name. The comic book series debuted in the United States at the beginning of 1993, two years after the release of the first video game in 1991 for the Sega Genesis. Spin-off publications from the comic include a Knuckles the Echidna series starring the titular character, which ran for 32 issues; 15 48-page "Super Specials"; 8 single 48-page special issues; and 4 short three-issue miniseries, each starring a character from the series. On September 21, 2005, Archie Comics started a new series based on the TV show Sonic X. In February 2009, the Sonic X series was replaced by Sonic Universe, a direct spin-off of the parent comic, Sonic the Hedgehog.

Aside from the Sonic X series, all of Archie Comics' Sonic-related series take place in the same fictional universe (Sonic X take place in an different dimension from the main series, although crossovers between the two have occurred in issue #40 of Sonic X). This universe features a mixture of characters, settings and storylines from the Sonic the Hedgehog cartoon, the Sonic video games by Sega, and various other incarnations of Sonic. It also includes many elements unique to the comic universe. While the ongoing game series keep influencing the comic series, the games and the comics exist as entirely different continuities. Sonic the Hedgehog is not to be confused with Sonic the Comic, which ran in the UK and published more issues despite running for a shorter time (due to UK comics being published on more frequent schedule than in the US). As of March 2010, there have been 210 issues of the original Sonic the Hedgehog series. Also, the series was recognized by Guinness World Records as the longest running comic series based on a video game.[1]



The main focus of the comic storyline is the title character, world-famous hero Sonic the Hedgehog. Sonic is endowed with super speed and a love of freedom, which puts him at odds with the nefarious Dr. Robotnik. Sonic is in many ways different from his game counterpart - in the comics, he is depicted as having important ties with his family and friends, a characteristic absent from other incarnations. He is also portrayed as having a deep sense of duty - in the games Sonic treats his ongoing conflict with Eggman as just an opportunity to have a fun time, whereas in the comic he holds a personal grudge against the Doctor and understands his ability to protect the world from this menace. Sometimes he does seem to have a fun time fighting Robotnik, but ultimately he seems to treat the ordeal seriously.

Although Sonic normally goes adventuring by himself in the video games (with the occasional company of other player characters), in the comic he is affiliated with the Freedom Fighters, a ragtag rebellion that was formed to counter the tyranny of Dr. Ivo Robotnik (currently known as "Eggman") and his legion of unquestioning, warlike robots. The basis of the original issues were designed to closely mirror the animated television series, as well as the names and likenesses of Sonic's allies in the Freedom Fighters. Since then, the series has integrated many elements from the video games, which has led to ongoing story arcs involving Shadow the Hedgehog and others.



At the beginning of the series the year was 3235, though by now it is approximately 3237 (The year 3237 was shown on Eggman's computer screen in issue #157). Sonic currently lives on Planet Mobius in New Mobotropolis. It was eventually revealed that Mobius is actually a future Earth (in an alternate reality), the year being 14,016 A.D. by the real-life calendar.

Originally, the date of the Xorda attack was said to have been three millennia ago (sometime during the 21st century by our calendar), which was likely what caused the year to reset at 0. However, the date of the Xorda attack was retconned to have occurred roughly twelve thousand years ago from the current Mobian year. This was explained in issues #124, #125 and #148.

At the onset of the series, Sonic's original home was Knothole Village, a secret metal base hidden within the Great Forest. Other main areas of setting include Angel Island, Station Square, Downunda and New Megaopolis.

Storyline summary

The original issues of the series and those soon to follow consisted mostly of isolated stories. That is, there was rarely any continuity between issues. However, there were the additions of new characters (such as Bunnie Rabbot, Knuckles, and Super Sonic) that would become familiar and lasting faces as the series continued. The early issues featured much of Sonic versus Robotnik, in which Sonic would constantly foil Robotnik’s plans whether it be to tear down a forest or find the hidden location of Knothole Village. Eventually though, the issues started to gain a sense of an ongoing story, most notably with the addition of the Mecha Sonic storyline in issue #39, in which Sonic is transformed into a robotic form and does as Robotnik commands. This would later be concluded in a Sonic Special issue where Knuckles gives himself up to be transformed into a robot in order to defeat Mecha Sonic. From here, the storyline would be further developed into what is now a fully continuous one. Following the defeat of Mecha Sonic, the Freedom Fighters come together in issue #46 to discuss ways to attack and defeat Robotnik once and for all. The loyalty of many of the Freedom Fighters comes into question, particularly notable in a feud between Sonic and Geoffrey St. John, member of the Acorn Secret Service. This continues into the renowned EndGame saga which takes place over a four issue span, #47 through #50.

The saga begins with a mission by the Freedom Fighters and the Wolf Pack, led by Lupe, to attack Robotnik’s base. Princess Sally reveals thoughts of her father, King Acorn, telling her that it would soon become apparent that Sonic is a traitor. The mission proceeds and Sally is in need of help or she may fall to her death. The Freedom Fighters look on in despair when they think they see Sonic and assume that he will rescue the princess. Much to their surprise, Sonic aids Sally in falling to her death. The mission is called to retreat, and the Freedom Fighters move back to Knothole Village. Meanwhile, Sonic is seen battling Robotnik inside the base (when he apparently left Sally for dead). Robotnik escapes and Sonic leaves the base, wondering where the rest of his companions have gone. Sonic returns to Knothole, only to be arrested and spared the death penalty in light of all his services, so instead he is sentenced to life in prison on the Devil’s Gulag, where other notorious traitors such as Sleuth Doggy Dog (issue #42) will be imprisoned with him. While Sonic is being transported to the Gulag, Swatbots attack the vessel and it crash lands. Sonic remains conscious and takes the opportunity to escape. News bears word and King Acorn demands the recapture of Sonic by St. John. Sonic on the run, takes refuge in a cavern. Meanwhile, Bunnie and Antoine discover that Drago (a member of the Wolf Pack) has been working with Robotnik in order to frame Sonic. This is followed by King Acorn issuing Robotnik as his new Warlord. Sonic, in the meantime, continues his run from St. John and the secret service with aid from Dulcy the Dragon. Robotnik reveals his duplicate of the king by making it self destruct and the true plan has become evident to all. All this would lead up to Sonic's return to Knothole in issue #50, where Sonic clears his name heads to a final showdown with Robotnik. As the issue notes, Sonic is uncharacteristically devoid of humor as he approaches Robotnik, even going so far as to address him as "Julian". In the battle, Robotnik’s Ultimate Annihilator crashes and the room is destined for destruction, but Robotnik and Sonic remain to fight. In the end, Sonic emerges victorious and Robotnik is wiped out. Sonic later revives Sally with a kiss.

Storylines continue to follow after the EndGame saga. Ixis Naugus makes his first appearance in issue #53. Although temporarily defeated, he would later return in issues #64 through #66, along with the appearance of Nate Morgan, former advisor of King Acorn, and Ixis would be defeated this time by Ultra Sonic, one of Sonic's transformations.

Issue #75 reveals that a robotic version of Robotnik has been functioning since after the defeat of the original Robotnik in issue #50. His presence is revealed by flashbacks to certain issues between issues #50 and #75. Sonic and the Freedom Fighters head to space to battle this Robo-Robotnik, and although they defeat him, they only destroyed his robot body. It is then revealed that he had many back-up bodies on standby with which to download himself into. These new bodies are what has now become Sonic's familiar enemy, Eggman (until being transformed back into an organic lifeform by the Bem in issue #116).

Sonic Adventure is readily adapted into the series with the appearance of Chaos, beginning in issue #79. The saga ends with Sonic successfully defeating Perfect Chaos, the final form of Chaos after absorbing all of the Chaos Emeralds, by transforming into Super Sonic in issue #84. Sonic does not actually destroy Chaos, as Chaos returns to his ancient beginnings to live in peace.

Issues #85 and #86 feature the return of Metal Sonic.

Sonic Adventure 2 comes into adaptation for one issue featuring Shadow the Hedgehog.

In issue #125, Sonic's latest battle leaves him stranded in space after saving Knothole. On Mobius, he is assumed to be dead. Sonic's journey through space leads up to many interesting story lines, such as the return of Super Sonic in issue #126, and Sonic's discovery that Tails' parents are still alive on a far off planet. Sonic returns in issue #130 where he reveals to everyone that he is indeed alive and well.

Issues #131 through #144 introduce a sub storyline in which the future of Mobius is the plot. In this future, Sonic is king of Knothole and married to Sally. Knuckles has attained the rank of Guardian and is partnered (not married) to Julie-Su. However all is not well as the timeline is in danger of collapsing into destruction. Sonic and Knuckles try with the help of Rotor to prevent this catastrophe, but fail and the time line and storyline come to an end.

Issue #145 features the return of Shadow, who then returns to take part of the storyline, frequently battling Sonic in issues #157 through #161.

Sonic was switched with Anti-Sonic (an evil version of himself from a parallel universe) temporarily and got back to find Anti-Sonic ruining his reputation around Knothole by making romantic advances toward his female friends. Sally was about to marry Patch (the evil version of Antoine from the same parallel universe, masquerading as his doppelganger), whose plan was to kill King Acorn upon the end of the ceremony, effectively making him king of the Acorn Kingdom. Before Patch's plan could go into motion, Sonic successfully convinced Prince Elias to come back and accept the crown so Sally wouldn't have to be married off. Sonic defeated Patch, sent him back to Anti-Mobius, and rescued the real Antoine. Realizing that it would take a long time before he and Sally could have a healthy relationship, Sonic began dating Fiona Fox.

Issues #160 and #161 feature the creation of Scourge the Hedgehog, Anti-Sonic's green form that resulted from his mutation via the Master Emerald. It is later revealed that Fiona's loyalty belonged to Scourge rather than Sonic, and she subsequently left the Freedom Fighters to be with him, and later return with the other "anti-freedom fighters".

In issue #175-#177 The Freedom Fighters are enjoying respite at the original base when Snively catches them off guard in a mech and vaporizes all the Freedom Fighters except Tails, Knuckles, Amy, and Sonic then escapes in the top portion of his robot, the body smashes to pieces by an enraged Mighty. Sonic races off to save everyone else in Knothole while Knuckles, Tails, and Amy are trapped in the ruins of the base. Sonic finds Knothole in ruins as the Egg Fleet burns it too the ground. Sonic, in panic, rushes to the still-standing Castle Acorn to save Elias and the castles inhabitants, when Eggman, in a new battle armor, destroys the castle before Sonic's eyes. Eggman reveals that Snively did not kill Sonic's friends, but teleported them too Eggman's Egg Grapes to convert their life-force into energy to power his Eggman Empire. Eggman and Sonic battle but Eggman easily defeats Sonic; his armor outclassing Sonic in strength and speed. As a last ditch effort, Sonic runs as fast as he ever has, crossing the country in only a few seconds.He rushes at Eggman as fast as he can, slamming into Eggman's shield and throwing him into a pile of rubble. Eggman emerges with no damage but a badly dented shield. Eggman leaves Sonic broken and defeated and returns to his Egg Grapes. Sonic returns to his friends and they discover Nicole the supercomputer has survived the attack with a plan to defeat Eggman. Sonic and his friends race to the Egg Vineyard just as Eggman is preparing to activate the Egg Grape containing Charmy the Bee. Sonic and co. break all the citizens of Knothole out of the Egg Grapes and Nicole reprograms Eggmans computer as Eggman and Snively run to their armor. As all the would-be escapees flee the Egg Vineyard, Eggman tries to teleport everyone into his reserve Egg Grapes, but the reprogramed armor, instead, sends them all to New Mobotropolis, a city created entirely out of Nanites by Nicole.

In Issues #198 and #199, the Freedom Fighters and Chaotix proceed to storm Eggman's base. In the process, the team separates and fight against the Dark Legion. Near the end of issue #199, a blocked doorway with a small hole, indicating that Sonic was to Spin-Dash through is discovered. Eggman, who is inside a spider robot, faces off with Sonic. In #200, Sonic once again beats Eggman, who, unexpectedly, goes insane, taking off his eyeglasses and tearing off his mustache. The next issue, Sonic is filled with a dread and remorse, but is cheered up by Sally in order to enjoy the celebration of finally defeating Eggman. However, the party is crashed when Khan appears in a rage. Sonic attacks without hesitation as he is bored, only to find out that the Egg Empire had a new ruler. The two proceed to destroy the new empire. In a sub story, Espio is seen running off to the empire with a "brother ninja" while on clan business.

Sonic and Khan attack the empire, to find the Dark Legion, but also encounter the ninja clans. Espio also appears and attacks Sonic and an apology. Sonic and Khan return to New Mobius beaten and defeated. In issue #203, Snively and the Iron Queen attack Mobius, and the freedom fighters attack, however, the iron Queen uses her ability to control Cybernetics to control Bunnie's body. and forcing her to attack her comrades. Over time, however, she grows weak due to the strain on her life force. Khan appears and saves Bunnie, and fights the duo. Sonic runs off to place Bunnie in the hospital. However, Khan's power ring is destroyed and he is taken over by the Iron Queen. Sonic, who returns to find Khan being controlled, is reluctant to fight, so instead he goes and retrieves a ring. When Khan flies in to attack Sonic, he jams the power ring on Khan's head releasing the control and freeing Khan, who apologizes for his recklessness. In the following sub-story, Eggman, who is seemingly insane says the over-ride code thus opening his cell. Sonic and the Iron dominion fight over eggman, with sonic winning. In issue 207, Sally discusses her feelings for kahn with bunnie,while sonic and khan fight the Iron king. The Iron queen then takes over Nicole,using her technomage abilities,and invades New mobotropolis. Sally and sonic are sent on a mission to bring back nicole to their side. The storyline continues in issues 13-16 of sonic universe.


The Sonic the Hedgehog comic typically runs original storylines based around characters from various Sonic media, but it has also made a number of adaptations. For instance, it has adapted a couple episodes of Sonic the Hedgehog, as well as complete or partial adaptations of the following video games:

Sonic the Hedgehog (TV series) Episodes:

  • Sonic the Hedgehog (#38, starts with Sonic singing the theme song)
  • Sonic the Hedgehog (Super Special #8, Episode: "Ghost Busted")
  • Sonic the Hedgehog (#113, Episode: "Cry of the Wolf")

Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog Episodes:

  • Adventures of Sonic the Hedgehog (#9, Episode: "Pseudo-Sonic")


  • Sonic the Hedgehog: The Movie (#101)

Specials, Miniseries, and Knuckles series

Sonic the Hedgehog was originally published as a four issue mini-series, with the first issue labeled as "issue 0" and the second as "issue 1" (despite the note on issue 1 that it was the "first issue"). At the end of issue 3 (the fourth issue of the series), it was announced that Sonic would return in a regular series, and the next issue was published as "issue 1" of the regular series.

In addition to the main Sonic series, Archie Comics published various special issues. Longer than typical issues of the comic, these specials feature stories involving Sonic and other related characters. Several miniseries have also been published, featuring characters such as Sally, Tails and Knuckles.

Because of the popularity of the specials and Miniseries featuring Knuckles, in 1997 Knuckles the Echidna became an ongoing series. Knuckles's stories featured its own cast of Characters, including the Chaotix. Like the Sonic comic, Knuckles's comic is filled with background information about Knuckles's family history. Knuckles's family has split into two factions: the Brotherhood of Guardians and the Dark Legion. Knuckles is a member of the former, and Julie-Su used to be a member of the latter. Much of the conflict of the comic surrounds the relations between these two warring factions.

In 1999, the series was canceled, but the stories were continued in the pages of Sonic the Hedgehog. After Knuckles's cancellation and until issue 125, a typical issue of Sonic included a Sonic story and a Knuckles story, sometimes even including a third story. This led to each story getting considerably less space than it previously had. Recently, Knuckles's appearances have been infrequent but his story continues within Sonic's stories.

The creators also have a comic strip similar to those found in a newspaper at the end of some issues called Off-Panel. Off-Panel was in every issue for a long time and continues in the spinoff series Sonic Universe. The strips parody the lives of the editor and the writers as they walk around the office and interact with characters from the comic in various ways.


Sonic the Hedgehog occasionally features homages to other mainstream or third-party comic books. The most prominent among these include:

  • The Bunnie-Antoine relationship slightly mirrors that of Rogue and Gambit, one of the better-known couples from X-Men; Bunnie is famous for calling people "Hon" or "Sugah" (like Rogue), and Antoine often peppers his dialog with French phrases (similar to Gambit).
  • Certain 48-page specials of Sonic have been devoted to thinly-veiled spoofs or crossovers with different comic publications. The Sonic Super Special "Parallel Paradigm" features a mass crossover with Savage Dragon, Shadowhawk, The Maxx, and other characters from Image Comics as they work together to battle a villain called "The Doctor" who has stolen Knuckles' Master Emerald and taken it back in time to the present 1990s. Some believe that The Doctor is actually another version or the original Doctor Robotnik, since The Doctor hints it throughout the adventure. Other heroes make small "shadowy" cameos in the comic as well. Those include Batman, Spider-Man, and Popeye who seem to be prisoners of The Doctor as he plans to transform Earth into a new Robotropolis which just continues to hint towards him being Robotnik.
  • Issues #103-104 chronicles Sonic's stint in another reality, where he meets a superhero-themed version of the Freedom Fighters that are based on Marvel Comics' Guardians of the Galaxy.
  • Scourge the Hedgehog is a reverse-colored version of Sonic. This is similar to The Flash villain Reverse-Flash. Instead of being blue with green eyes, Scourge is green with blue eyes. And instead of being red with a yellow symbol, Reverse-Flash is yellow with a red symbol.
  • Super Sonic Special #08 features a parody of Sailor Moon called Sally Moon. This parody was again brought up in Super Sonic Special #12.

Current progression


The Sonic the Hedgehog comic continuity currently comprises the following comics:

  • Sonic the Hedgehog #1-Ongoing (Published since February 1993) (Published thirteen times a year (every four weeks)until 2007 then published monthly (every month's first Wednesday) thereafter)
  • Knuckles the Echidna #1-32 (Published monthly from April 1997 to February 2000)
  • Sonic the Hedgehog Miniseries #0-3 (Published monthly from February to May 1993)
  • Princess Sally Acorn Miniseries #1-3 (Published monthly from April to June 1995)
  • Tails Miniseries #1-3 (Published monthly from December 1995 to February 1996)
  • Knuckles Miniseries #1-3 (Published monthly from July to September 1996)
  • Sonic Quest: The Death Egg Saga Miniseries #1-3 (Published monthly from December 1996 to February 1997, reprinted February 2007)
  • Sonic Specials (Eight individual issues, published quarterly from 1995 to 1997)
    • Sonic: In Your Face! (Winter 1995)
    • Sonic & Knuckles (Summer 1995)
    • Sonic Triple Trouble (Fall 1995)
    • Knuckles' Chaotix (Winter 1996)
    • Super Sonic vs. Hyper Knuckles (Spring 1996)
    • Mecha Madness (Fall 1996)
    • Sonic Live! (Winter 1997)
    • Sonic Blast (Spring 1997)
  • Sonic Super Specials #1-15 (Published quarterly from 1997 to 2001)
    • #1: Battle Royal (Summer 1997)
    • #2: Brave New World (Fall 1997)
    • #3: Sonic Firsts (Winter 1998)
    • #4: Return of the King (Spring 1998)
    • #5: Sonic Kids (Summer 1998)
    • #6: Sonic #50: Director's Cut (Fall 1998)
    • #7: Parallel Paradigm (Winter 1999)
    • #8: Zone Wars Prelude (Spring 1999)
    • #9: Sonic Kids 2 (Summer 1999)
    • #10: Crossover Chaos (Fall 1999)
    • #11: Girls Rule! (Winter 2000)
    • #12: Turnabout Heroes (Spring 2000)
    • #13: Sonic Adventure (Summer 2000)
    • #14: Sonic Stew (Fall 2000)
    • #15: Naugus Games (Winter 2001)
  • Free Comic Book Day 2007 comic (a one-shot comic made for free distribution on Free Comic Book Day 2007.)
  • Free Comic Book Day 2008 comic (a special reprint of Issue #1 of the main comic series, with a new cover—based on the original—by Patrick "Spaz" Spaziante, made for free distribution on Free Comic Book Day 2008)
  • Free Comic Book Day 2009 comic (a one-shot comic made for free distribution on Free Comic Book Day 2009)
  • Sonic X #1-40 (Published ten times a year from November 2005, to December 2008) (Based on Sonic X anime series, and continued with Sonic Universe)
  • Sonic Universe #1-Ongoing (Published every month since February 2009)
  • Sonic also has appeared in issue #28 of Sabrina the Teenage Witch as well in a two-part crossover which concluded in Sonic Super Special #10: Crossover Chaos. In this crossover, Sonic was brought to Sabrina's world and brainwashed into fighting the former.

Trade Paperbacks

Trade Paperbacks have also been released, typically collecting older, hard-to-find issues and compiling them in a single volume. These include:

  • Sonic Firsts (1998) (Includes the first appearances of Sonic the Hedgehog, Princess Sally Acorn, Bunnie Rabbot, Super Sonic, and Knuckles the Echidna, taking stories from issue #0 of the original Sonic Miniseries, and issues #3, #4, and #13 of the regular series. The stories are edited to give both Sally her modern brown color and Rotor his modern name instead of the Boomer one. A special electronic edition of this comic is among the special features in the Sonic Mega Collection game. Forwarded by Paul Castiglia, a former editor of the Sonic comics.)
  • Sonic: The Beginning (2003) (A reprint of the original Sonic Miniseries, with a foreword by their author Michael Gallagher) (Eventually rebranded Sonic Archives #0 in February 2009)
  • Sonic Archives #0 (February 2009) (An Archives rebranding of Sonic: The Beginning)
  • Sonic Archives #1 (November 2006) (A reprint of issues #1-4 of the regular series)
  • Sonic Archives #2 (December 2006) (A reprint of issues #5-8 of the regular series)
  • Sonic Archives #3 (May 2007) (A reprint of issues #9-12 of the regular series)
  • Sonic Archives #4 (June 2007) (A reprint of issues #13-16 of the regular series)
  • Sonic Archives #5 (September 2007) (A reprint of issues #17-20 of the regular series)
  • Sonic Archives #6 (October 2007) (A reprint of issues # 21-24 of the regular series)
  • Sonic Archives #7 (June 2008) (A reprint of issues #25-28 of the regular series)
  • Sonic Archives #8 (August 2008) (A reprint of issues #29-32 of the regular series)
  • Sonic Archives #9 (October 2008) (A reprint of issues #33-36 of the regular series)
  • Sonic Archives #10 (March 2009) (A reprint of issues #37-40 of the regular series)
  • Sonic Archives #11 (August 2009) (A reprint of issues #41-44 of the regular series)
  • Sonic Archives #12 (January 2010) (A reprint of issues #45-48 of the regular series)
  • Sonic Archives #13 (August 2010) (A reprint of issues #49-52 of the regular series)
  • Sonic Select #1 (April 2008) (A reprint of the 48 page specials, "Sonic In Your Face", "Sonic & Knuckles", "Sonic Triple Trouble", and one story, "The Substitute Freedom Fighters" from "Sonic Live")
  • Sonic Select #2 (November 2008) (A reprint of the 48 page specials, "Knuckles' Chaotix", "Super Sonic VS. Hyper Knuckles", "Mecha Madness" and part 2 of "Knuckles' Quest" as seen in "Sonic Live")



  1. Sonic HQ (1/17/06): [1]

See also

External links

Template:Sonic characters (other media)


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