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Soria
Main square of Soria
Country Spain Spain
Autonomous community Castile and León Castile and León
Province Soria
Municipality Soria
Area
 - Total 272 km2 (105 sq mi)
Elevation 1,063 m (3,488 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 39,078
 - Density 143.67/km2 (372.1/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Soria is a city in north-central Spain, the capital of the province of Soria in the autonomous community of Castile and León. The municipality had a population of 39,078 in 2008 - nearly 40% of the population of the province. Situated on the Rio Duero in the east of the autonomous community, the city is noted for its walls and a number of architecturally distinctive churches.

Contents

History

Madonna del Mirón Hermitage, built in the VI century A.C. by the Suebi
San Saturio Hermitage.

The area of Soria was inhabited by the Iberians, who merged by the Celts to form the Celtiberians around the 4th century BC. The name's origins are disputed: according to some scholars, it would derive from a Greek Achaian hero (Orias); a more considered theory has it stemming from Daurias, ancient name of the Duero river.

During the Roman invasion of Spain, Soria was besieged and its population committed a collective suicide in order to escape slavery. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the rebuilt city was occupied by the Suebi. Later, after the Arab conquest of Spain, it grew in importance due to its vicinity with the border with the Christian lands, which in the 8th century had stabilized across the Duero.

In 869 Soria was the centre of the rebellion of Suleyman ibn-Abus against the caliph of Cordoba, who sent his son Hakan to quench it. In the early 12th century the city was conquered by Alfonso I the Battler, being absorbed into the Kingdom of León in 1134. Due to its strategic placement at the borders of the Kingdoms of Castile, Aragon, Navarre and León, Soria in the Middle Ages was at the centre of several conflicts between them. Alfonso VIII of Castile, in reward for its support, gave the city several privileges which it maintained until modern times. In 1195 the town was stormed by Sancho VII of Navarre, but later recovered and continued to develop its splendour and trades, mostly held by a community of Jews.

Palomar in Alameda de Cervantes.

Soria lost most of its importance after the unification of Aragon and Castile in 1479, and above all after the decree of exile issued against the Jews in 1492. In the War of Spanish Succession (early 18th century), Soria sided for Philip V. In 1808 it was captured and set on fire by the French troops.

The economical and social crisis of Spain in the early 20th century, and the Spanish Civil War with Francisco Franco's dictatorship which followed, had negative effects on Soria and its neighborhood, which became depopulated due to strong emigration.

The policy of the current authorities aims to strengthen the local economy pivoting on Soria's tourism potential, and has also launched a program of reconstruction for the neighbouring villages.

Main sights

Santa Clara Convent, founded in 1224.
  • The Renaissance Ayuntamiento (Town Hall, 16th century), in the Plaza Mayor (main square)
  • Palacio de la Audiencia (theatre), from 1739
  • Nuestra Señora de la Mayor (16th century), with a Romanesque portal
  • Iglesia del Espino (16th century)
  • Plateresque Concatedral de San Pedro, erected in the 12th-13th centuries, rebuilt in the 16th century, and its cloister.
  • San Juan de Rabanera, Romanesque church from the 12th century
  • San Polo, a former monastery of the Knights Templar. The churches of San Nicolas and San Gines are from the same age.
  • the Romanesque convent church of Santo Domingo (12th century)
La Soledad Hermitage.
  • the unique architecturalSan Juan de Duero mix of the ruined cloisters of (12th century), on the other side of the river from the old town.
  • sanctuaries of Ermita de San Saturio (18th century) and Ermita de la Soledad (17th century)
  • Palacio de los condes de Gomara (Judiciary Palace, 1592)
  • remains of the medieval castle, commanding the town from the eponymous hill, and of the walls

A few kilometres north of the town are the ruins of Numantia, a Celtiberian town whose inhabitants destroyed it rather than let it fall to Scipio. In Soria is the Museo Numantino, devoted to the archaeological remains of this site.

Culture

San Juan´s feast day in Soria.

The 20th century Spanish poet Antonio Machado spent five years in Soria teaching French in a secondary school in the early part of the century. These years were to prove essential to his further literary development. He married and lost his wife there and discovered much about the nature of the Castilian people – a subject about which the Generation of '98 authors were very interested.

Sport

The city's professional football club is called CD Numancia.

Two of Spain's foremost runners of the late 20th century lived and trained in Soria: Fermín Cacho, a gold medallist at the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, and Abel Antón, a two-time World Champion in the marathon. The area in which they trained, Monte Valonsadero, is now host to the annual Cross Internacional de Soria meeting – one of Spain's most prestigious cross country running competitions.[1][2]

Twin towns

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Valiente, Emerterio (2007-11-23). Spotlight on Ebuya and Melkamu - Soria Cross Country preview. IAAF. Retrieved on 2009-11-29.
  2. ^ Historia del Cross Internacional de Soria (Spanish). ANOC. Retrieved on 2009-11-29.

Coordinates: 41°46′N 2°28′W / 41.767°N 2.467°W / 41.767; -2.467


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Soria discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.








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