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The Sous, here northeast of Taroudant, with Argan trees interplanted with cereal crops

The Sous or Souss (Berber tamazirt n Sus, Arabic بلاد السوس bilād as-Sūs) is a region in southern Morocco. Geologically, it is the alluvial basin of the Oued Sous (asif n Sus), separated from the Sahara by the Anti-Atlas mountains. The natural vegetation in the Sous is savanna dominated by the Argan (Argania spinosa), a local endemic tree found nowhere else; part of the area is now a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve to protect this unique habitat.

A well irrigated area, this has been one of Morocco's most fertile regions for centuries, known since at least the eleventh century for its cultivation and export of sugar. The golden age of the Sous was in the seventeenth century during the era of the kingdom of Tazerwalt, when region enjoyed autonomy and profited from both the trans-Saharan gold trade and the sale of sugar to Portuguese, Dutch and English traders. The centre for foreign trade during this time was Agadir, a city 10 km north of the mouth of the Sous river.

The Sous is inhabited by Berber peoples; aside from some Arabic-speaking tribes, the main inhabitants are the Chleuh (ašlḥi, Shilha, Sousis), speakers of a distinct Berber language called Tashelhiyt or Sous Berber (Tasoussit).


  • Boogert, Nico van den (1997). The Berber Literary Tradition of the Sous: with an edition and translation of 'The Ocean of Tears' by Muḥammad Awzal (d. 1749), Leiden: NINO. (chapter 1, 'The Sous')
  • Montagne, R. (1930). Les Berbères et le Makhzen dans el Sud du Maroc, Paris.
  • UNESCO Arganeraie Biosphere Reserve


Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to sous article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also sous-





  1. Plural form of sou.


  • Anagrams of ossu
  • USOs



Etymology 1

From Latin subtus, which is derived from Latin sub.[1] Cognate to Italian sotto.



  1. below, under
Related terms

Etymology 2


sous m. pl.

  1. Plural form of sou.


  • Notes:
  1. ^ Picoche, Jacqueline; Jean-Claude Rolland (2009). Dictionnaire étymologique du français (in French). Paris: Dictionnaires Le Robert.


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