South African Grand Prix: Wikis

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Flag of South Africa 1928-1994.svg South African Grand Prix
Kyalami Circuit
Kyalami.svg
Race information
Laps 72
Circuit length 4.261 km ( mi)
Race length 306.792 km ( mi)
Number of times held 33
First held 1934
Last held 1993
Most wins (drivers) United Kingdom Jim Clark (4)
Most wins (constructors) United Kingdom Lotus (6)
Last race (1993):
Pole position France Alain Prost
United Kingdom Williams-Renault
1:15.696
Podium 1. France Alain Prost
United Kingdom Williams-Renault
1:38:45.082
2. Brazil Ayrton Senna
United Kingdom McLaren-Ford
+1:19.824
3. United Kingdom Mark Blundell
France Ligier-Renault
+ 1 lap
Fastest lap France Alain Prost
United Kingdom Williams-Renault
1:19.492

The South African Grand Prix was first run as a Grand Prix motor racing handicap race in 1934 at the Prince George Circuit at East London, Eastern Cape Province. It drew top drivers from Europe including Bernd Rosemeyer, Richard "Dick" Seaman, and the 1939 winner Luigi Villoresi.

World War II brought an end to the race, but it was revived in 1962 as part of the Formula One circuit. It was a popular F1 event, but racing was put on hiatus there right after the controversial 1985 race due to apartheid[1].

The first South African F1 race was held on December 29, 1962 at the East London track. It was held there again in 1963 and 1965. In 1967, the race was moved to Kyalami, where it would remain as long as the South African Grand Prix was on the official Formula One calendar. A total of 23 F1 Grands Prix were held between 1962, and the final event in 1993.

This was the location of one of the most gruesome crashes in history. As Tom Pryce was killed when he hit and killed track marshal Jansen Van Vuuren at full speed in 1977.

The 1981 event was a victim of the FISA-FOCA war and was run for the FOCA teams only - effectively as a Formula Libre race, since the cars did not comply with the new FISA designated Formula One regulations for that year.

Contents

Hiatus of racing because of apartheid

The 1985 race was mired in international controversy as nations began boycotting South African sporting events because of racial segregation in the country, called apartheid. Some governments tried to ban their drivers from going[2], and the Ligier and Renault teams did boycott the race in line with the French government's ban on sporting events in South Africa[3]; however Alain Prost, who had wrapped up the 1985 championship in the previous race[4], did take part[4].

1985 was the final South African Grand Prix until the end of apartheid, with FIA president Jean-Marie Balestre announcing days after the race that a Grand Prix would not return to the nation because of apartheid[1].

After the end of apartheid in 1991, Formula One returned to Kyalami for two Grands Prix in 1992 and 1993.

Winners of the South African Grand Prix

A pink background indicates an event which was not part of the Formula One World Championship.

Year Driver Constructor Location Report
1993 France Alain Prost Williams-Renault Kyalami Report
1992 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Kyalami Report
1991
-
1986
Not held
1985 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Kyalami Report
1984 Austria Niki Lauda McLaren-TAG Kyalami Report
1983 Italy Riccardo Patrese Brabham-BMW Kyalami Report
1982 France Alain Prost Renault Kyalami Report
1981 Argentina Carlos Reutemann Williams-Ford Kyalami Report
1980 France René Arnoux Renault Kyalami Report
1979 Canada Gilles Villeneuve Ferrari Kyalami Report
1978 Sweden Ronnie Peterson Lotus-Ford Kyalami Report
1977 Austria Niki Lauda Ferrari Kyalami Report
1976 Austria Niki Lauda Ferrari Kyalami Report
1975 South Africa Jody Scheckter Tyrrell-Ford Kyalami Report
1974 Argentina Carlos Reutemann Brabham-Ford Kyalami Report
1973 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Kyalami Report
1972 New Zealand Denny Hulme McLaren-Ford Kyalami Report
1971 United States Mario Andretti Ferrari Kyalami Report
1970 Australia Jack Brabham Brabham-Ford Kyalami Report
1969 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Kyalami Report
1968 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Ford Kyalami Report
1967 Mexico Pedro Rodriguez Cooper-Maserati Kyalami Report
1966 United Kingdom Mike Spence Lotus-Climax East London Report
1965 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Climax East London Report
1964 Not held
1963 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Climax East London Report
1962 United Kingdom Graham Hill BRM East London Report
1961 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Climax East London Report
1960[5] United Kingdom Stirling Moss Porsche East London Report
Belgium Paul Frère Cooper-Climax East London Report
1959
-
1940
Not held
1939 Italy Luigi Villoresi Maserati 6CM East London Report
1938 United Kingdom Buller Meyer Riley East London Report
1937 United Kingdom Pat Fairfield ERA-B East London Report
1936 Italy Mario Massacuratti Bugatti 35B East London Report
1935 Not held
1934 United States Whitney Willard Straight Maserati 8CM 3.0L East London Report

References

  1. ^ a b AUTO RACING; [3 STAR Edition] Compiled from wire reports by Ken Paskman. Orlando Sentinel. Orlando, Fla.: Oct 24, 1985. pg. B.2
  2. ^ Martin, Gordon. "The Apartheid Controversy Reaches Formula 1 Racing". San Francisco Chronicle [FINAL Edition]. San Francisco, Calif.: Sep 17, 1985. pg. 63
  3. ^ Walker, Rob. Road & Track. "Tiger, Tiger" New York: Feb 1986. Vol. 37, Iss. 6; pg. 122
  4. ^ a b Newswire; [Home Edition 2] Los Angeles Times (pre-1997 Fulltext). Los Angeles, Calif.: Oct 20, 1985. pg. 20
  5. ^ There were two South African Grands Prix in 1960. Reference

Resource

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Simple English

File:Flag of South Africa South African Grand Prix
Kyalami Circuit
Race information
Laps 72
Circuit length 4.261 km
Race length 306.792 km
Number of times held 33
First held 1934
Last held 1993
Most wins (drivers) Jim Clark (4)
Most wins (constructors) Lotus (6)
Last race (1993):
Pole position Alain Prost
Williams-Renault
1:15.696
Podium 1. Alain Prost
Williams-Renault
1:38:45.082
2. Ayrton Senna
McLaren-Ford
+1:19.824
3. Mark Blundell
Ligier-Renault
+ 1 lap
Fastest lap Alain Prost
Williams-Renault
1:19.492

The South African Grand Prix was first run as a Grand Prix motor racing handicap race in 1934 at the Prince George Circuit at East London, Eastern Cape Province, South Africa.

The races were stopped because of World War II. It was started again in 1962 as part of the Formula One circuit. It was a popular F1 event. It was stopped again after the 1985 race. Some nations began boycotting (not participating) South African events because of racial segregation policy of apartheid.[1]

After apartheid was ended in 1991, there were two more races were in 1992 and 1993.

Contents

Winners of the South African Grand Prix

Multiple winners (drivers)

# Wins Driver Years Won
4 Jim Clark 1961, 1963, 1968, 1968
3 Niki Lauda 1976, 1977, 1984
2 Jackie Stewart 1969, 1973
Carlos Reutemann 1974, 1981
Nigel Mansell 1985, 1992
Alain Prost 1982, 1993

Active drivers are in bold.
Events that were not part of the Formula One World Championship have a pink background.

Multiple winners (constructors)

# Wins Constructor Years Won[2]
6 Lotus 1961, 1963, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1978
4 Ferrari 1971, 1976, 1977, 1979
Williams 1981, 1985, 1992, 1993
2 Maserati 1934, 1939
Cooper 1960, 1967
Brabham 1970, 1983
Tyrrell 1973, 1975
Renault 1980, 1982
McLaren 1972, 1984

Active Formula One constructors are in bold.
Events that were not part of the Formula One World Championship have a pink background.

By year

Year Driver Constructor Location
1993 Alain Prost Williams-Renault Kyalami
1992 Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Kyalami
1991
-
1986
Not held
1985 Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Kyalami
1984 Niki Lauda McLaren-TAG Kyalami
1983 Riccardo Patrese Brabham-BMW Kyalami
1982 Alain Prost Renault Kyalami
1981 Carlos Reutemann Williams-Ford Kyalami
1980 René Arnoux Renault Kyalami
1979 Gilles Villeneuve Ferrari Kyalami
1978 Ronnie Peterson Lotus-Ford Kyalami
1977 Niki Lauda Ferrari Kyalami
1976 Niki Lauda Ferrari Kyalami
1975 Jody Scheckter Tyrrell-Ford Kyalami
1974 Carlos Reutemann Brabham-Ford Kyalami
1973 Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Kyalami
1972 Denny Hulme McLaren-Ford Kyalami
1971 Mario Andretti Ferrari Kyalami
1970 Jack Brabham Brabham-Ford Kyalami
1969 Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Kyalami
1968 Jim Clark Lotus-Ford Kyalami
1967 Pedro Rodriguez Cooper-Maserati Kyalami
1966 Mike Spence Lotus-Climax East London
1965 Jim Clark Lotus-Climax East London
1964 Not held
1963 Jim Clark Lotus-Climax East London
1962 Graham Hill BRM East London
1961 Jim Clark Lotus-Climax East London
1960[3] Stirling Moss Porsche East London
File:Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Paul Frère Cooper-Climax East London
1959
-
1940
Not held
1939 File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Luigi Villoresi Maserati 6CM East London
1938 Buller Meyer Riley East London
1937 Pat Fairfield ERA-B East London
1936 File:Flag of Italy (1861-1946).svg Mario Massacuratti Bugatti 35B East London
1935 Not held
1934 Whitney Straight Maserati 8CM 3.0L East London

Events that were not part of the Formula One World Championship have a pink background.

References

  1. AUTO RACING; [3 STAR Edition] Compiled from wire reports by Ken Paskman. Orlando Sentinel. Orlando, Fla.: Oct 24, 1985. pg. B.2
  2. Official Formula One website. "1950-Present race results archives". http://www.formula1.com/results/season/2006/757/. Retrieved 2006-08-23. 
  3. There were two South African Grands Prix in 1960. Reference

Resource


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