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South Africa

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Politics and government of
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The 1974 South African general election, held on 24 April, was called one year earlier than scheduled by Prime Minister John Vorster on 4 February. The House of Assembly was increased from 166 to 171 deputies. The Progressive Party made a major advance. In addition to Helen Suzman, re-elected for Houghton, five other members won seats including the party leader Colin Eglin. A seventh member of the caucus was elected at a by-election soon after. The United Party won 41 seats. The election would also see Harry Schwarz, leader of the United Party in the Transvaal, enter Parliament, who would soon lead a break away from the United Party and would become one of the Apartheid's most prominent opponents in Parliament.

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Creation of Reform Party

On 11 February 1975 four liberal MPs led by Harry Schwarz broke away from the United Party and created the Reform Party. The party merged with the Progressive Party on 25 July 1975 to form the Progressive Reform Party. In 1977 another group of United Party members left the party to form the Committee for a United Opposition, which then joined the Progressive Reform Party to form the Progressive Federal Party. This proved to realign the opposition in Parliament, as the PFP became the official opposition party.

House of Assembly results

Only 125 of the 171 seats were contested. There were 2 203 349 registered voters. [1]

Party Candidates Votes %Votes Seats %Seats Previous Change
  National Party 105 636 586 57.1% 123 71.9% 118 +5
  United Party 96 363 459 32.7% 41 24.0% 47 -6
  Progressive Party 22 58 768 5.3% 7 4.1% 1 +6
  Herstigte Nasionale Party 48 39 568 3.6% 0.0% 0
  Democratic Party 7 10 449 0.9% 0.0% 0
  Others 15 4 990 0.4% 0.0% 0
Total valid 293 1 113 820 100.0% 171 100.0% 166 +5
Spoilt 20 823
Total votes 1 134 643

Senate

The elections for the Senate were held on 30 May 1974 by an electoral college made up of members of the Assembly and various others. The National Party gained one seat at the expense of the United Party, winning 32 of the 44 seats (the United Party held 12 seats).

Seats
  National Party 32 +1
  United Party 12 —1
Total 44

Sources

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