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South Carolina's 1st congressional district: Wikis

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South Carolina's 1st congressional district
United States House of Representatives, South Carolina District 1 map.png
Current Representative Henry E. Brown, Jr. (R)
Population (2000) 668,668
Median income $40,713
Ethnicity 74.8% White, 21.1% Black, 1.3% Asian, 2.5% Hispanic, 0.4% Native American, 0.2% other
Cook PVI R+10

The 1st Congressional District of South Carolina is a coastal congressional district in South Carolina. It stretches from Seabrook Island in the south to the North Carolina border and includes parts of Charleston, Dorchester, Berkeley and Georgetown counties and all of Horry county. The district has historically been based in Charleston, and it currently also includes the major tourist destination of Myrtle Beach.

The district was once a Democratic stronghold, but has always had a somewhat conservative slant due to the heavy presence of the military (especially the Navy) in the region. After the end of Reconstruction, a Republican did not serve a full term in this district until Tommy Hartnett was swept in by Reagan's coattails in 1981. Most of Charleston's black voters were shifted to the 6th District in 1992, seemingly making this district unwinnable for the Democrats. However, in 2008, Linda Ketner came within four points of shifting this district back to the Democrats.

Henry Brown, a Republican, has represented this district since 2001.

List of representatives

Name Took Office Left Office Party District Residence Notes
William L. Smith March 4, 1789 March 3, 1795 Pro-Administration
March 4, 1795 July 10, 1797 Federalist appointed US Minister to Portugal
Thomas Pinckney November 23, 1797 March 3, 1801 Federalist
Thomas Lowndes March 4, 1801 March 3, 1805 Federalist Charleston
Robert Marion March 4, 1805 December 4, 1810 Democratic-Republican Charleston Resigned
Langdon Cheves December 31, 1810 March 3, 1815 Democratic-Republican Charleston Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1814-1815
Henry Middleton March 4, 1815 March 3, 1819 Democratic-Republican Charleston
Charles Pinckney March 4, 1819 March 3, 1821 Democratic-Republican Charleston
Joel R. Poinsett March 4, 1821 March 3, 1823 Democratic-Republican Charleston
March 4, 1823 March 3, 1825 Jacksonian D-R
March 4, 1825 March 7, 1825 Jackson Resigned after being appointed Minister to Mexico
William Drayton May 17, 1825 March 3, 1833 Jackson Charleston
Henry L. Pinckney March 4, 1833 March 3, 1837 Nullifier Charleston
Hugh S. Legaré March 4, 1837 March 3, 1839 Democratic
Isaac E. Holmes March 4, 1839 March 3, 1843 Democratic redistricted to the 6th district
James A. Black March 4, 1843 April 3, 1848 Democratic Died
Daniel Wallace June 12, 1848 March 3, 1853 Democratic Union
John McQueen March 4, 1853 December 21, 1860 Democratic Society Hill Redistricted from the 4th district, Retired
Civil War and Reconstruction
Benjamin F. Whittemore July 18, 1868 February 24, 1870 Republican Darlington Resigned
Joseph H. Rainey December 12, 1870 March 3, 1879 Republican Georgetown
John S. Richardson March 4, 1879 March 3, 1883 Democratic Charleston
Samuel Dibble March 4, 1883 March 3, 1891 Democratic Charleston
William H. Brawley March 4, 1891 February 12, 1894 Democratic Charleston Resigned to become judge for the United States District Court for the District of South Carolina
James F. Izlar April 12, 1894 March 3, 1895 Democratic Orangeburg
William Elliott March 4, 1895 June 4, 1896 Democratic Beaufort Lost contested election
George W. Murray June 4, 1896 March 3, 1897 Republican Charleston Won contested election
William Elliott March 4, 1897 March 3, 1903 Democratic Beaufort
George S. Legaré March 4, 1903 January 31, 1913 Democratic Charleston Died
Richard S. Whaley April 29, 1913 March 3, 1921 Democratic Charleston
W. Turner Logan March 4, 1921 March 3, 1925 Democratic Charleston
Thomas S. McMillan March 4, 1925 September 29, 1939 Democratic Charleston Died
Clara Gooding McMillan November 7, 1939 January 3, 1941 Democratic Charleston
L. Mendel Rivers January 3, 1941 December 28, 1970 Democratic Charleston Died
Mendel Jackson Davis April 27, 1971 January 3, 1981 Democratic North Charleston
Thomas Hartnett January 3, 1981 January 3, 1987 Republican Mount Pleasant
Arthur Ravenel, Jr. January 3, 1987 January 3, 1995 Republican Mount Pleasant
Mark Sanford January 3, 1995 January 3, 2001 Republican Sullivan's Island
Henry Brown January 3, 2001 present Republican Hanahan Incumbent

References

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