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South East England
South East
South East region shown within England
Geography
Status Region
Area
— Total
Ranked 3rd
19,096 km²
7,373 sq mi
NUTS 1 UKJ
Demographics
Population
— Total
— Density
Ranked 1st
8,000,550 (2001)
419/km²
GDP per capita £22,624 (2nd)
Government
HQ Southampton
Leadership South East England Partnership Board
Regional development SEEDA
European parliament South East England
Website

South East England is one of the nine official regions of England, designated in 1994 and adopted for statistical purposes in 1999. Its boundaries include Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, East Sussex, Hampshire, Isle of Wight, Kent, Oxfordshire, Surrey and West Sussex. In common usage, however, the area referred to as the 'south east' can vary considerably.

As with the other regions of England, apart from Greater London, the South East has no elected government and few central powers, the creation of elected regional governments proposed by the Labour Party after its election in 1997 having been aborted. The headquarters for the region's governmental bodies, such as they are, are in Guildford.

Contents

Geography

The largest city in the region (by population) is Brighton and Hove, but the dominant influence on the region's economy is neighbouring London. The highest point is Walbury Hill in Berkshire at 297 metres (974 ft). The highest point in the South-East's biggest county, Kent, is Ide Hill at 260m/850 ft.

Historical boundaries

Until 1999, there was a South East Standard Statistical Region which also included the counties of Essex, Hertfordshire, Bedfordshire and Greater London. The former South East Civil Defence Region covered the same area as the current government office region.

Alternative definitions

A notice in Oxford from the Government Office for the South East.

In unofficial usage, the South East can refer to a varying area - sometimes only to London, Kent, East Sussex, West Sussex, and Surrey ; but sometimes to an area corresponding to the former Standard Statistical Region (above), which corresponded approximately to the London commuter belt. Before the creation of the current Region, the idea that London was not in the SouthEast of England would have seemed ridiculous.

Demographics

The population of the region as of the 2001 census was 8,000,550, making it the most populous English region. The major conurbations of the region include Brighton/Worthing/Littlehampton (population in 2001 461,000), Portsmouth (442,000), Reading (370,000) and Southampton (304,000).[1] Settlements closer to London are part of the conurbation known as the Greater London Urban Area.

The South East has the highest percentage of people born outside of the UK other than London. 2007 Estimates state 87.2% of people as White British, 4.8% Other White (inc. 1.0% Irish), 3.5% South Asians, 1.5% Mixed Race, 1.6% Black British, 0.7% Chinese, 0.7% Other.[2]

Local government

England
Coat of Arms of the UK Government.

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The official region consists of the following subdivisions:

Ceremonial county County/ unitary Districts
Berkshire West Berkshire U.A.
Reading U.A.
Wokingham U.A.
Bracknell Forest U.A.
Windsor and Maidenhead U.A.
Slough U.A.
Buckinghamshire Buckinghamshire a.) South Bucks, b.) Chiltern, c.) Wycombe, d.) Aylesbury Vale
Milton Keynes U.A.
East Sussex East Sussex a.) Hastings, b.) Rother, c.) Wealden, d.) Eastbourne, e.) Lewes
Brighton & Hove U.A.
Hampshire Hampshire a.Fareham, b.) Gosport c.) Winchester, d.) Havant, e.) East Hampshire, f.) Hart, g.) Rushmoor, h.) Basingstoke and Deane, i.) Test Valley, j.) Eastleigh, k.) New Forest
Southampton U.A.
Portsmouth U.A.
Isle of Wight
Kent Kent a.) Dartford, b.) Gravesham, c.) Sevenoaks, d.) Tonbridge and Malling, e.) Tunbridge Wells, f.) Maidstone, g.) Swale, h.) Ashford, i.) Shepway, j.) Canterbury, k.) Dover, l.) Thanet
Medway U.A.
Oxfordshire a.) Oxford, b.) Cherwell, c.) South Oxfordshire, d.) Vale of White Horse, e.) West Oxfordshire
Surrey a.) Spelthorne, b.) Runnymede, c.) Surrey Heath, d.) Woking, e.) Elmbridge, f.) Guildford, g.) Waverley, h.) Mole Valley, i.) Epsom and Ewell, j.) Reigate and Banstead, k.) Tandridge
West Sussex a.) Worthing, b.) Arun, c.) Chichester, d.) Horsham, e.) Crawley, f.) Mid Sussex, g.) Adur

See: List of districts in south east England by population

Politics of the area

The South East of England is the most Conservative voting region of the UK in terms of both seats and votes. The area also has some strong supporting seats for other parties such as Slough for Labour and Lewes for the Liberal Democrats. However, the safest Conservative seat in the country, Buckingham, has a majority of over 38%.

The South East England Regional Assembly was based on the A3100 road in Guildford near the London Road railway station.

Transport

Most main routes in the region are radials from London. Shown here is the A21. It is one of the major north-south routes connecting London and commuter towns and the coast
High Wycombe railway station in Buckinghamshire is a major commuter station on the Chiltern Main Line between London and Birmingham

The main road transport routes are along the M1 through Buckinghamshire; the M40 through Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire; the M4 through Berkshire and Buckinghamshire; the M2 motorway/A2 and M20 through Kent; the M23 through West Sussex; the M3 through Hampshire. All these routes connect to the M25, which runs near to and occasionally through the region's border with Greater London.

The A34 provides a north-south road link through Oxfordshire, Berkshire and Hampshire. The east-west corridor through the south of the region is provided by the A27 and the M27.

The main intercontinental airport is Gatwick Airport, with regional airports at Kent International Airport (Ramsgate), Shoreham Airport and Southampton Airport. Heathrow Airport is in Greater London but also serves (and is serviced by) the South East region.

The Great Western Main Line passes through Berkshire and southern Buckinghamshire. The South Eastern Main Line and High Speed 1 pass through Kent; the latter connects to the Channel Tunnel. The Brighton Main Line passes through Surrey and West Sussex. The West Coast Main Line passes through northern Buckinghamshire. The Chiltern Main Line is a major commuter line between Birmingham and London passing through central Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire. The Port of Dover and the port at Folkestone have many ferry services to France and Belgium.

Transport policy

As part of the transport planning system the Regional Assembly is under statutory requirement to produce a Regional Transport Strategy (RTS) to provide long term planning for transport in the region. This involves region wide transport schemes such as those carried out by the Highways Agency and Network Rail.[3]

Within the region the local transport authorities carry out transport planning through the use of a Local Transport Plan (LTP) which outlines their strategies, policies and implementation programme.[4] The most recent LTP is that for the period 2006-11. In the South East region the following transport authorities have published their LTP online: Bracknell Forest U.A.,[5] Brighton & Hove U.A.,[6] Buckinghamshire,[7] East Sussex,[8] Hampshire,[9] Isle of Wight,[10] Kent,[11] Medway U.A.,[12] Milton Keynes U.A.,[13] Oxfordshire,[14] Portsmouth U.A.,[15] Reading U.A.,[16] Slough U.A.,[17] Southampton U.A.,[18] Surrey,[19] Windsor and Maidenhead U.A.,[20] Wokingham U.A.[21] and West Sussex.[22]

Economy

The South East of England is a very prosperous area with the second largest regional economy in the UK (after London), valued at £177 billion in 2006.[23] GDP per capita in 2007 was estimated at £22,624, compared with a UK average of £19,956, making South East England the second richest region per capita, behind London.[24] The South East England Development Agency is in Guildford, with another site in Chatham.

Many high technology companies are located near the M3 in Surrey and the M4 in Berkshire. Sun Microsystems have their UK base in Blackwater near Camberley. Microsoft and Oracle have their UK headquarters next door to each other in Reading, as do the Yell Group and Logica (near junction 11 of the M4). Symantec UK is in nearby Whitley. The Gatwick Diamond is also a hub for hi-tech industry, centred at Gatwick Airport with Epsom to the north and Burgess Hill to the south. The largest company, by turnover, in the South East is Vodafone, followed by Ineos.

Berkshire

Horlicks factory in Slough

Companies in Berkshire essentially follow the M4 corridor. PepsiCo have their UK base in Theale as have Nvidia UK and Wolseley, the builders' and plumbers' merchants who own Bathstore and Plumb Center. Vodafone, High and Mighty and Bayer UK are based in Newbury. Pentax UK and Groupe SEB UK (owner of Krups, Moulinex, Rowenta, and Tefal) are in Langley near Slough.

Mars Limited has a large chocolate factory, run under the name of Effem Holdings Ltd, also in Slough on the enormous Slough Trading Estate, as is ICI Paints, who own Cuprinol, Polyfilla, and Dulux. Horlicks is made by GSK there. Honda UK, Citroën UK, Fiat UK, Douwe Egberts UK (and its owner Sara Lee UK), Research In Motion UK (BlackBerry), Black & Decker Europe, Kidde UK (fire detection), McAfee UK, Polycom UK, LG Group UK, The Garden Centre Group (former Wyevale), Furniture Village, Amazon UK, Ingres UK, Telefónica O2 Europe UK and Reckitt Benckiser are also in Slough.

Jealott's Hill pesticide research station

Hovis, Nintendo UK and Morgan Crucible, are in Windsor; Centrica is in Dedworth, next to Windsor Racecourse. Interserve, the construction company, BG Group, Primark UK, Baumatic UK, Thames Water, Jacobs Engineering UK, Verizon Communications UK and Guide Dogs for the Blind are in Reading. Porsche Cars Great Britain is in nearby Calcot. Borland UK and Mabey Group, the bridge manufacturer, are in Twyford and the Transport Research Laboratory is in Crowthorne. Bang & Olufsen UK is in Winnersh. Cawston Vale is in Hurst. The Atomic Weapons Establishment is in Aldermaston on the Hampshire boundary.

Foster Wheeler UK is in Shinfield in the old headquarters of Berkshire County Council, next to the M4, and Trader Media Group is in nearby Earley. Harley-Davidson UK is in Pangbourne. HMV Group, Nortel UK, Hitachi Europe, Hutchison 3G UK, NSK Europe, Weight Watchers UK, the The Rank Group (leisure), and Costain are in Maidenhead, and GSK makes Sensodyne, Corsodyl and Macleans there. Toys "R" Us UK and Mattel UK are next to the A404(M). Cable & Wireless, Dell UK, Panasonic UK, BMW UK, HP UK, Syngenta UK, Honeywell UK, Avis Europe (with Budget UK), Novell UK, 3M UK, and Waitrose are in Bracknell. Just to the north, Syngenta have their main worldwide (pesticide) research centre at Jealott's Hill, formerly owned by ICI.

Surrey

Sheilas' Wheels outside the head office of esure in Reigate

Allianz Insurance have their UK headquarters in Guildford as do Ericsson, Colgate-Palmolive UK, Constellation Brands Europe, Sanofi-Aventis, Avaya UK, and Philips UK. BOC Gases UK are also in Guildford. The former company, now owned by The Linde Group, was based in Windlesham. Motor company McLaren is based in Woking as is the UK base of Yum Restaurants (owner of KFC) and Capgemini; Tupperware UK is in Knaphill. Canon UK, Esure, Sheilas' Wheels and Kimberley Clark Europe are in Reigate. Scotia Gas Networks is in Horley. Bristow Aviation is at Redhill and the food research centre Campden-BRI is at Nutfield.

In the area straddling the M25, the huge Compass Group is based in Chertsey as is Samsung UK, Siemon UK, the business facilities company Regus, Britax, and the European headquarters of Electronic Arts. Thales Group UK and Royal Caribbean Cruises UK are in Addlestone; at Hamm Moor on the A317 is the UK corporate headquarters of Toshiba, with another base in Camberley. Near Weybridge are the UK headquarters of Sony (situated in Byfleet) and Procter & Gamble (next door to each other near the Brooklands racing circuit), the local newspaper group Newsquest, Gallaher Group (cigarettes), Kia Motors UK, Petroleum Geo-Services UK, Yamaha Motors UK; the Central Veterinary Laboratory, which is run by the Veterinary Laboratories Agency, is in New Haw to the west.

Esso UK is based in Leatherhead

Mouchel is in West Byfleet. Air Products UK is in Walton-on-Thames. Atkins, the civil engineering company, and Toyota UK (towards Banstead) are in Epsom. Dairy Crest is in Esher. SHL Group (former Saville & Holdsworth) is just to the north-east at Thames Ditton. Samaritans is in Ewell. Ann Summers is in Whyteleafe near Caterham. Swift Cover, Berkeley Group Holdings and Cargill Europe are in Cobham. Pfizer UK is in Walton-on-the-Hill. Friends Provident and Kuoni Travel are in Dorking. Edmund Nuttall, City Link Ltd., Adaptec UK, Stihl UK, Fluor UK (construction and civil engineering), and Krispy Kreme UK are in Camberley and S.C. Johnson UK is in Frimley Green. Siemens UK, Novartis UK, BAE Systems Integrated System Technologies, and AMD UK are in Frimley, home to the Lakeside Leisure Complex.

ExxonMobil UK (Esso) is in Leatherhead, as is the research centre Leatherhead Food International, Unilever Bestfoods (in Crawley before 2008), Puma UK, the Wates Group, and Robert Dyas. Photo-Me International is in Great Bookham. Although BP has its international headquarters in central London, most of its UK division (chemicals and energy) is headquartered at Sunbury-on-Thames, with Kingston Technology Europe (the world's second largest producer of flash memory), just inside the Surrey boundary. Enterprise Rent-a-Car UK is near Thorpe, near to Cemex UK and Thorpe Park (situated on a series of former gravel pits). Del Monte Foods UK is in Staines on the side of the A30; British Gas is on the A308 in Pooley Green nearby to the west.

Buckinghamshire

Martin Baker Mk 9 ejection seat

George Wimpey, RAF Air Command, Hyundai UK, Dreams, the UK base of Ariston (now owned by Indesit), Wilkinson Sword, the food technology centre of Premier Foods and Rank Hovis's HQ, Merisant UK, and Staples are based in High Wycombe; Swedish Match UK (all their matches are made in Sweden) are in Totteridge. Johnson & Johnson UK have their base at Booker next to the M40 near Handy Cross. Kawasaki UK and Psion Teklogix UK are in Bourne End. Wyeth UK (pharmaceuticals) is in Burnham, next to the M4 Huntercombe Spur junction.

The UK base of Robert Bosch is in Denham. Martin-Baker is in Higher Denham, and InterContinental Hotels Group is in Denham Green (formerly in Windsor). Pioneer UK is in Stoke Poges and Cummins have a design plant in Iver, with Pinewood Studios in Iver Heath. Servier Laboratories UK is in Wexham. The Barracuda Group (owner of Varsity), Lexmark UK and Trend Micro UK are in Marlow. GE Healthcare has its world HQ in Little Chalfont. Uniq plc is in Gerrards Cross.

Milton Keynes is home to The Open University, Leica Geosystems, Argos, BP Oil UK (retail), Santander UK operations (née Abbey), WD-40 UK, Fisher & Paykel UK, Domino's Pizza UK, VAG UK (VW and Audi), Luminar Leisure and Homebase, Filtrona, NEFF UK, Mercedes-Benz UK, ROHAN (outdoor clothing) and Red Bull Racing. Welcome Break is in Newport Pagnell, where Aston Martin had a factory until 2007.

Hampshire

The AA's headquarters at Fanum House in Basingstoke

The Army have a large garrison in Aldershot, with Sandhurst being nearby. Elica also make extractor hoods in Aldershot. B&Q and Draper Tools are based in Chandler's Ford. Farnborough has many international aerospace companies including BAE Systems and QinetiQ, as well as Nokia UK, Autodesk UK, Johnson Controls UK, and Thomson Local directory. The Ordnance Survey and a factory of Ford are based in Southampton, and Skandia Insurance have their UK base there. Garmin Europe is in Hounsdown just west of Southampton. VT Group is based in Hedge End, with VT Education & Skills and VT Flagship based in North Harbour, Portsmouth. Chemring Group is in Fareham, and the National Air Traffic Services (NATS) is in Swanwick, and at Locks Heath is Estée Lauder UK, next to the A27. Esso has its main UK refinery at Fawley.

Much of the Royal Navy is based at HMNB Portsmouth with BAE Systems Surface Ships. IBM is headquartered in Cosham, North Portsmouth, with large laboratories in Hursley House. Kenwood Limited is in Havant. Virgin Media and Serco Group are based in Hook. The Police Staff College, Bramshill, the Police's main training centre, is nearby to the north. The AA is based in Basingstoke as are Shire plc the pharmaceuticals group, Eli Lilly UK, Scott Wilson, Fyffes UK, the Gas Safe Register (as was predecessor CORGI), De La Rue, and GAME.

Motorola UK is in Chineham. Ineos, the third largest chemicals company in the world, is in Lyndhurst. Twinings (who also own Ovaltine) and Stannah Lifts are in Andover. Bacardi-Martini are in Winchester and four miles north-west, Arqiva are based in Crawley, Hampshire. The Army Air Corps trains at Middle Wallop.

Sussex

Virgin Atlantic

The RSPCA and Campina UK are in Horsham, and Cats Protection is in Haywards Heath. Roche Diagnostics' UK Headquarters and CAE Inc. UK are in Burgess Hill. Rolls-Royce Motor Cars make vehicles at Westhampnett. Vie at Home is at Tangmere. Virgin Atlantic is in Crawley as is Spirent, G4S, Doosan Babcock Energy, Pilz UK and TUI Travel PLC. The Caravan Club is in East Grinstead. Sofa Workshop is in Petworth. The Body Shop is in Littlehampton. Palmer and Harvey is in Hove. American Express UK is in Brighton. Metro Drinks are in Arlington. Southern Water is in Worthing. Ricardo plc, the engineering consultancy, is in Shoreham-by-Sea.

Kent

Geographer's A-Z Map Company is based in Borough Green. Bovis Homes is near Gravesend. Fairy is made by Procter & Gamble in Dartford, and Mazda UK is based there. Shepherd Neame Brewery is in Faversham. Brake Bros Ltd is in Ashford. Cummins Power Generation is in Ramsgate, and Pfizer, the largest pharmaceutical company in the world, has its European R&D site there. Hornby Railways is in Margate. South East Water is in Snodland. The Royal Engineers are based in Chatham.

The Mini is made in Cowley

Oxfordshire

Oxford University Press, Electrocomponents and Amey plc are in Oxford. Motoring company Prodrive and Kraft Foods Banbury are based in Banbury along with Ascari. The UK base of Miele and Sophos are in Abingdon. BMW assemble the much-lauded MINI at Cowley, also the base of Unipart. Renault F1 is in Enstone. Eurocopter UK is at London Oxford Airport. Travelodge UK and W. Lucy & Co., who make switchgear are in Thame.

RM plc, Kaspersky Lab UK and Smeg UK are at Milton Park. Rowse Honey is in Wallingford. All parachute training for the RAF and Army takes place at RAF Brize Norton. Siemens Magnet Technology, the main provider of superconducting magnets for MRI scanners is in Eynsham. The Joint European Torus is developing fusion power at Culham on a former airfield.

Education

Schools

Buckinghamshire, Medway and Kent, and Slough have an almost completely selective education system - not just a few grammar schools as other English areas may have - with Secondary Modern schools as the alternative. Kent has 33 grammar schools, Buckinghamshire 13, Medway 6 and Slough 4. The other areas are comprehensive. In the top thirty schools at A level, all but three are selective schools; two of the others are sixth form colleges and one is a comprehensive (in Oxford). However, the results for each county as a whole are not always directly related to the number of grammar schools, as Kent and Medway perform under average.

At GCSE, the area in the South East (and England) with the highest results is Buckinghamshire. Berkshire is split into unitary authorities, and Wokingham and Slough have the next best GCSE results. All of Berkshire's unitary authorities have results above the England average, with Windsor and West Berkshire considerably above average.

Schools in Surrey and Hampshire also have good GCSE results, and they are above average in Oxfordshire, West Sussex, Medway and Kent. There are a small number of districts where results are significantly below average including the unitary authorities of Portsmouth (one of the lowest LEAs in the country), Southampton and Milton Keynes, and the districts of Oxford in Oxfordshire, Adur in West Sussex and Hastings in East Sussex.

Universities

The most well known university by far in the region is the University of Oxford, famous for its ornate colleges and its rowing teams on the Thames. Much important research has taken place within its walls.

Other well-known universities include:

Local media

As elsewhere in England, the media landscape in South East England is dominated by national television, radio, newspapers and magazines, most of which are based in London. Local media include:

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ List of conurbations in the United Kingdom
  2. ^ statistics.gov.uk
  3. ^ "Regional Transport Strategy: the National Picture". Government Office for the South East. http://www.gos.gov.uk/gose/transport/regTransportStrat/?a=42496. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  4. ^ "The LTP Process". Department for Transport. http://www.dft.gov.uk/pgr/regional/ltp/theltpprocess. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  5. ^ "Bracknell Forest 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Bracknell Forest Borough Council. http://www.bracknell-forest.gov.uk/env-transport-plan.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  6. ^ "Brighton and Hove 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Brighton and Hove City Council. http://www.brighton-hove.gov.uk/index.cfm?request=c1146323. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  7. ^ "Buckinghamshire 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Buckinghamshire County Council. http://www.buckscc.gov.uk/bcc/transport/ltp2_enhancing_access.page?. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  8. ^ "East Sussex 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". East Sussex County Council. http://www.eastsussex.gov.uk/roadsandtransport/localtransportplan/default.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  9. ^ "Hampshire 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Hampshire County Council. http://www3.hants.gov.uk/hampshire-transport/local-transport-plan.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  10. ^ "Isle of Wight 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Isle of Wight Council. http://www.iwight.com/living_here/environment/Transport_strategies/apr/ltp2.asp. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  11. ^ "Kent 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Kent County Council. http://www.kent.gov.uk/publications/transport-and-streets/ltp-provisional-plan.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  12. ^ "Medway 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Medway Council. http://www.medway.gov.uk/index/environment/transplanning/43663.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  13. ^ "Milton Keynes 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Milton Keynes Council. http://www.milton-keynes.gov.uk/transport/DisplayArticle.asp?ID=13775. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  14. ^ "Oxfordshire 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Oxfordshire County Council. http://www.oxfordshire.gov.uk/wps/portal/publicsite/councilservices?WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=http://apps.oxfordshire.gov.uk/wps/wcm/connect/Internet/Council+Services/Roads+and+transport/Plans+and+policies/Local+Transport+Plan/. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  15. ^ "Portsmouth 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Portsmouth City Council. http://www.portsmouthcc.gov.uk/living/5178.html. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  16. ^ "Reading 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Reading Borough Council. http://www.reading.gov.uk/ltp/GeneralM.asp?id=SX9452-A7817040. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  17. ^ "Slough 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Slough Borough Council. http://www.slough.gov.uk/services/1031.aspx. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  18. ^ "Southampton 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Southampton City Council. http://www.southampton.gov.uk/transport/transportplanning/localtransportplan/default.asp#0. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  19. ^ "Surrey 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Surrey County Council. http://www.surreycc.gov.uk/sccwebsite/sccwspages.nsf/LookupWebPagesByTITLE_RTF/Surrey%27s+second+Local+Transport+Plan+2006-07+to+2010-11?opendocument. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  20. ^ "Windsor and Maidenhead 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Windsor and Maidenhead Council . http://www.rbwm.gov.uk/web/ltp_index.htm. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  21. ^ "Wokingham 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". Wokingham Borough Council. http://www.wokingham.gov.uk/transport-roads-waste/transport-policy/local-transport-plan-2-2006-2011/. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  22. ^ "West Sussex 2006-11 Local Transport Plan". West Sussex County Council. http://www.westsussex.gov.uk/ccm/navigation/your-council/plans--policies--reports-and-initiatives/west-sussex-transport-plan/1--west-sussex-transport-plan-2006-2016/west-sussex-transport-plan---full-version/. Retrieved 2009-04-28. 
  23. ^ Department for Business, Enterprise & Regulatory Reform: Impact of RDA spending, March 2009
  24. ^ Office for National Statistics: Regional, sub-regional and local gross value added, December 2008

1911 encyclopedia

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Simple English


South East England is one of the nine official regions of England. It was created in 1994. It includes Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, East Sussex, Hampshire, Isle of Wight, Kent, Oxfordshire, Surrey and West Sussex.

Its population as of the 2001 census was 8,000,550, making it the most populous English region. The highest point is Walbury Hill in Berkshire at 297m/974 ft. The major urban areas of the region include Brighton and Hove, Portsmouth, Southampton, and Reading. Settlements closer to London are part of the Greater London Urban Area.

Local government

The official region consists of the following subdivisions:

Ceremonial county County/ unitary Districts
Berkshire West Berkshire
Reading
Wokingham
Bracknell Forest
Windsor and Maidenhead
Slough
Buckinghamshire Buckinghamshire South Bucks, Chiltern, Wycombe, Aylesbury Vale
Milton Keynes
East Sussex East Sussex Hastings, Rother, Wealden, Eastbourne, Lewes
Brighton & Hove
Hampshire Hampshire Gosport, Fareham, Winchester, Havant, East Hampshire, Hart, Rushmoor, Basingstoke and Deane, Test Valley, Eastleigh, New Forest
Southampton
Portsmouth
Isle of Wight
Kent Kent Dartford, Gravesham, Sevenoaks, Tonbridge and Malling, Tunbridge Wells, Maidstone, Swale, Ashford, Shepway, Canterbury, Dover, Thanet
Medway
Oxfordshire Oxford, Cherwell, South Oxfordshire, Vale of White Horse, West Oxfordshire
Surrey Spelthorne, Runnymede, Surrey Heath, Woking, Elmbridge, Guildford, Waverley, Mole Valley, Epsom and Ewell, Reigate and Banstead, Tandridge
West Sussex Worthing, Arun, Chichester, Horsham, Crawley, Mid Sussex, Adur

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