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Provincial flag, in the colours of the French flag (which is the only official flag in the archipelago).

The South Province (French province Sud) is one of three administrative subdivisions in New Caledonia. It corresponds to the southern and southwestern portion of the New Caledonian mainland. It is by far the most economically developed and most urbanized part of the archipelago and indeed in the entire Melanesian region. The South Province is also the only part of New Caledonia - and Melanesia - where ethnic Melanesians do not constitute an absolute majority of the population.

The provincial assembly and executive are in Nouméa. The administrative services of the French central State, however, are located in La Foa, with a Deputy Commissioner of the Republic (commissaire délégué de la République), akin to a subprefect of metropolitan France, in residence there. La Foa was chosen by the French central State in the late 1980s to counterbalance the overwhelming weight of Nouméa in New Caledonia

The central State administrative services in La Foa are not to be confused with the central State administrative services in Nouméa. The former manage local matters at the provincial level, whereas the latter, with the High Commissioner of the Republic in New Caledonia at their head, manage territorial matters for the whole of New Caledonia.

Provincial Congress

Of the 40 seats in the provincial congress, the Future Together holds 19, the Rally for Caledonia in the Republic has 16, and National Front has 5. This is the only province without any nationalists in the provincial Congress.

See also

Coordinates: 21°55′S 166°20′E / 21.917°S 166.333°E / -21.917; 166.333

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