South Texas is a region of the U.S. state of Texas that lies roughly south of, or beginning at, San Antonio. The southern and western boundary is the Rio Grande River, and to the east it is the Gulf of Mexico. The population of this region is about 3.7 million. The southern portion of this region is often referred to as the Rio Grande Valley. The eastern portion along the Gulf of Mexico is also referred to as the Coastal Bend.
There is no defined northern boundary, although it is believed to be at the city of San Antonio and from an east to west line extending from the Rio Grande near Maverick County to the Gulf of Mexico, but turning southeast at or near Lavaca County, and continuing towards the Gulf of Mexico to separate it from East Texas and Southeast Texas. The Rio Grande serves as the western and southern boundaries and separates Texas from Mexico. The eastern portion of South Texas is bordered by the Gulf of Mexico.
|City||2000 Census Population||County|
|San Antonio||1,144,646||Bexar County|
|Corpus Christi||277,454||Nueces County|
|San Juan||26,229||Hidalgo County|
|San Benito||23,444||Cameron County|
|Eagle Pass||22,413||Maverick County|
|Alice||19,010||Jim Wells County|
Some people consider Houston to be in South Texas for several reasons. Numerous businesses in the Houston region contain 'South Texas' in their titles. The South Texas College of Law is located in downtown Houston. The United States District Court for the Southern District of Texas includes the Houston division. And like South Texas, the city has a large Hispanic population. However, Houston is most accurately classified as being within Southeast Texas, a subregion of East Texas.
South Texas is well-known for a strong Hispanic, primarily Mexican American and Tejano (the Spanish term for Texan) influence, due to its proximity to Mexico. However, a large percentage of Tejanos [Tejas was a province of Spain] and Mexicans living in South Texas are descended from the Spanish and Sephardic Jewish-Converso settlers of Mexico [Onate Expedition, 1598]. These families have resided in North America for hundreds of years. This migration occurred and has been ongoing since the late 1500s in New Mexico and the early 1700s in South Texas. The long-disputed U.S. annexation of South Texas and the land grabbing of the Spanish Land Grants is a sore point among those descended from the Spanish colonial settlers. After the Mexican American War, Mexicans/Tejanos were persona non grata in Texas and at times were killed or driven from their ancestral lands. (Library of Congress, Microfiche 7906177, also google a related article "Our Secret Heritage"). The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in the 1840s, failed to secure land belonging to the Hispanic settlers. The disputed area is between the Nueces River south of San Antonio and Corpus Christi, the King Ranch, and the Rio Grande River. Not recognized by Mexico nor the United States, The Republic of the Rio Grande was established in this region in 1840, lasting less than a year. Laredo, Texas served as its capital.
The Rio Grande Valley area played a significant role in the Mexican War of Independence, Civil War, Texas Independence, Mexican-American War with many historical battle sites around the area. General Robert E. Lee made residence in Fort Ringold (Rio Grande City) during this time as a Colonel. President Zachary Taylor was a General of the Army at Fort Brown (Brownsville) during the Mexican-American War.
The Texas Rangers gained popularity for their actions in South Texas during the Mexican bandit raids and the late 1800's and early 1900's. On May 25, 1876, a band of forty Texas Rangers rode out of Laredo and headed north to the infamous Nueces Strip. Their mission was to find, kill or capture John King Fisher, leader of a band of cattle rustlers and cut-throats that had been terrorizing the area. The Rangers were members of a select group known as the Special Force. Led by the legendary Leander McNelly, the Special Force was tasked with bringing law and order to an area of South Texas that lay between Corpus Christi and the Mexican border.
Rio Grande City
Rio Grande Valley
San Agustin Cathedral in Laredo's San Agustin de Laredo Historic District
Republic of the Rio Grande Capitol building is located in Laredo
|San Antonio Spurs||Basketball||NBA||AT&T Center|
|San Antonio Silver Stars||WNBA|
|Rio Grande Valley Vipers||NBA D-League||Dodge Arena|
|Corpus Christi Hammerheads||Arena Football||IFL||Central Pavilion Arena|
|Corpus Christi Hooks||Baseball||Texas League||Whataburger Field|
|San Antonio Missions||Nelson W. Wolff Municipal Stadium|
|Laredo Broncos||United Baseball League||Veterans Field|
|Coastal Bend Thunder||Fairgrounds Field|
|Edinburg Roadrunners||Edinburg Stadium|
|Rio Grande Valley WhiteWings||Harlingen Field|
|San Antonio Rampage||Ice hockey||American Hockey League||AT&T Center|
|Corpus Christi IceRays||Central Hockey League||American Bank Center|
|Laredo Bucks||Laredo Entertainment Center|
|Rio Grande Valley Killer Bees||Dodge Arena|
|Laredo Heat||Soccer||PDL||TAMIU Soccer Complex|
|Rio Grande Valley Bravos FC||Valley View High School Stadium|
Texas's southern region is, for the most part, a forbidding desert area. A borderland with nearby Mexico, it acts as a gateway for those coming North and those going South. It's also very warm, even in the winter, so many people come from the north to warm up here.
Wear sun screen, and a hat. There's really nothing else unless you're worried about getting eaten by a gecko.
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