Southampton: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Southampton
—  Unitary & City  —
The Bargate, Southampton

Logo of the City Council
Southampton shown within England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region South East England
Ceremonial county Hampshire
Admin HQ Southampton
Settled c. AD43
City Status 1964
Unitary Authority 1997
Government
 - Type Unitary authority, City
 - Governing body Southampton City Council
 - Leadership Leader & Cabinet
 - Executive Conservative
 - MPs John Denham (L)
Alan Whitehead (L)
Sandra Gidley (LD)
Area
 - Unitary & City 19.9 sq mi (51.47 km2)
Population (2007 est)
 - Unitary & City 228,600 (Ranked 48)
 Density 11,535.8/sq mi (4,454/km2)
 Urban 304,400 (Southampton Urban Area)
 Metro 1,000,000
 - County 1,691,001 (Hampshire)
 - Ethnicity
(United Kingdom 2005 Estimate) [1]
89.4% White
4.6% S. Asian
1.8% Black.
2.5% Chinese or other
1.8% Mixed Race
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
 - Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1)
Postcode span SO14-SO19
Area code(s) 023
Grid Ref. SU 42 11
ONS code 00MS
Website www.southampton.gov.uk/

Southampton (pronounced /saʊθˈhæmptən/ ( listen)) is the largest city in the county of Hampshire on the south coast of England,[2] and is situated 100 km (62 mi) south-west of London and 30 km (19 mi) north-west of Portsmouth. Southampton is a major port and the closest city to the New Forest. It lies at the northernmost point of Southampton Water at the confluence of the River Test and River Itchen,[3] with the River Hamble joining to the south of the urban area. The local authority is Southampton City Council, which is a unitary authority.

Significant employers in Southampton include the University of Southampton, the Ford Transit factory, Ordnance Survey, the BBC through Radio Solent and South Today, the NHS and one of the largest commercial ports in Europe.[citation needed] The city represents the core of the Greater Southampton region, and the city itself has an estimated population of 234,600 (MYE 2008).[4] The city's name is sometimes abbreviated in writing to "So'ton" or "Soton", and a resident of Southampton is called a Sotonian.[5] Southampton is noted for its association with the RMS Titanic,[6] the Spitfire[7] and more recently a number of the largest cruise ships in the world.[8][9]

Contents

History

Archaeological finds suggest that the area has been inhabited since the stone age.[10] According to the Chronicle of the Britons the Ancient Britons had called the place Porth Hamon after a certain Lelius Hamo, a traitor who had murdered king Togodumnus during the early stages of the Roman invasion of Britain.[11] Following the Roman invasion of Britain in AD 43 and the conquering of the local Britons in 70 AD the fortress settlement of Clausentum was established. It was an important trading port and defensive outpost of Winchester, at the site of modern Bitterne Manor. Clausentum was defended by a wall and two ditches and is thought to have contained a bath house.[12] Clausentum was not abandoned until around 410.[10]

The Anglo-Saxons formed a new, larger, settlement across the Itchen centred on what is now the St Mary's area of the city. The settlement was known as Hamwic,[10] which evolved into Hamtun and then Hampton.[13] Archaeological excavations of this site have uncovered one of the best collections of Saxon artifacts in Europe.[10] It is from this town that the county of Hampshire gets its name.

Viking raids from 840 onwards contributed to the decline of Hamwic in the 9th century,[14] and by the 10th century a fortified settlement, which became medieval Southampton had been established.[15]

Following the Norman Conquest in 1066, Southampton became the major port of transit between the then capital of England, Winchester, and Normandy. Southampton Castle was built in the 12th century[16] and by the 13th century Southampton had become a leading port, particularly involved in the import of French wine[15] in exchange for English cloth and wool.[17]

Surviving remains of 12th century merchants' houses such as King John's House and Canute's Palace are evidence of the wealth that existed in the town at this time.[18] In 1348, the Black Death reached England via merchant vessels calling at Southampton.[19]

Part of the medieval walls

The town was sacked in 1338 by French, Genoese and Monegasque ships (under Charles Grimaldi, who used the plunder to help found the principality of Monaco).[20] On visiting Southampton in 1339, Edward III ordered that walls be built to 'close the town'. The extensive rebuilding—part of the walls dates from 1175—culminated in the completion of the western walls in 1380.[21][22] Roughly half of the walls, 13 of the original towers, and six gates survive.[21]

The city walls include God's House Tower, built in 1417, the first purpose-built artillery fortification in England.[23] Over the years it has been used as home to the city's gunner, the Town Gaol and even as storage for the Southampton Harbour Board.[22] Today, it is open as the Museum of Archaeology. The walls were completed in the 15th century,[24] but later development of several new fortifications along Southampton Water and the Solent by Henry VIII meant that Southampton was no longer dependent upon its fortifications.[25]

On the other hand, many of the medieval buildings once situated within the town walls are now in ruins or have disappeared altogether. From successive incarnations of the motte and bailey castle, only a section of the bailey wall remains today, lying just off Castle Way.[26] The last remains of the Franciscan friary in Southampton, founded circa 1233 and dissolved in 1538, were swept away in the 1940s.[27] The site is now occupied by Friary House.

Elsewhere, remnants of the medieval water supply system devised by the friars can still be seen today. Constructed in 1290, the system carried water from Conduit Head (remnants of which survive near Hill Lane, Shirley) some 1.7 kilometres to the site of the friary inside the town walls. The friars granted use of the water to the town in 1310 and passed on ownership of the water supply system itself in 1420.[28] Further remains can be observed at Conduit House on Commercial Road.

In 1642, during the English Civil War, a Parliamentary garrison moved into Southampton.[29] The Royalists advanced as far as Redbridge in March 1644 but were prevented from taking the town.[29]

During the Middle Ages, shipbuilding became an important industry for the town. Henry V's famous warship Grace Dieu was built in Southampton.[16] Walter Taylor's 18th century mechanisation of the block-making process was a significant step in the Industrial Revolution.[30] From 1904 to 2004, the Thornycroft shipbuilding yard was a major employer in Southampton,[16] building and repairing ships used in the two World Wars.[16]

Prior to King Henry's departure for the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, the ringleaders of the "Southampton Plot"—Richard, Earl of Cambridge, Henry Scrope, 3rd Baron Scrope of Masham and Sir Thomas Grey of Heton—were accused of high treason and tried at what is now the Red Lion public house in the High Street.[31] They were found guilty and summarily executed outside the Bargate.[32]

Southampton has been used for military embarkation, including during 18th century wars with the French,[33] the Crimean war,[34] and the Boer War.[35] Southampton was designated No. 1 Military Embarkation port during the Great War[16] and became a major centre for treating the returning wounded and POWs.[16] It was also central to the preparations for the Invasion of Europe in 1944.[16]

Southampton became a spa town in 1740.[36] It had also become a popular site for sea bathing by the 1760s, despite the lack of a good quality beach.[36] Innovative buildings specifically for this purpose were built at West Quay, with baths that were filled and emptied by the flow of the tide.[36]

The town experienced major expansion during the Victorian era.[16] The Southampton Docks company had been formed in 1835.[16] In October 1838 the foundation stone of the docks was laid[16] and the first dock opened in 1842.[16] The structural and economic development of docks continued for the next few decades.[16] The railway link to London was fully opened in May 1840.[16] Southampton subsequently became known as The Gateway to the Empire.[37]

The memorial to the engineers of the RMS Titanic.

The port was the point of departure for the Pilgrim Fathers aboard the Mayflower in 1620.[21] In 1912 the RMS Titanic sailed from Southampton. Four in five of the crew on board the vessel were Sotonians,[38] with about a third of those who perished in the tragedy hailing from the city.[21] Southampton was subsequently the home port for the transatlantic passenger services operated by Cunard with their Blue Riband liner RMS Queen Mary and her running mate RMS Queen Elizabeth. In 1938, Southampton docks also became home to the flying boats of Imperial Airways.[16] Southampton Container Terminals first opened in 1968[16] and has continued to expand.

The Supermarine Spitfire was designed and developed in Southampton, evolving from the Schneider trophy-winning seaplanes of the 1920s and 1930s. Heavy bombing of the factory in September 1940 destroyed it as well as homes in the vicinity, killing civilians and workers. World War II hit Southampton particularly hard because of its strategic importance as a major commercial port and industrial area. Prior to the Invasion of Europe, components for Mulberry Harbour were built here.[16] After D-Day, Southampton docks handled military cargo to help keep the Allied forces supplied,[16] making it a key target of Luftwaffe bombing raids until late 1944.[39]

Southampton-built Spitfire Mk XIX

Pockets of Georgian architecture survived the war, but much of the city was levelled. There has been extensive redevelopment since World War II.[16] Increasing traffic congestion in the 1920s led to partial demolition of medieval walls around the Bargate in 1932 and 1938.[16] However a large portion of those walls remain.

A Royal Charter in 1952[16] upgraded University College at Highfield to the University of Southampton.[16] Southampton acquired city status, becoming the City of Southampton in 1964.[16]

Government

Southampton used to be a County borough within the county of Hampshire, which in the past was known as the County of Southampton[40] or Southamptonshire.[41] This was officially changed to Hampshire in 1959 although the county had been commonly known as Hampshire or Hantscire for centuries. Southampton became a non-metropolitan district in 1974. However, the city became administratively independent from that county as it was made into a unitary authority in a local government reorganisation on 1 April 1997—a result of the 1992 Local Government Act. The district remains part of the Hampshire ceremonial county.

Southampton City Council consists of 48 councillors elected by thirds. After the 2007 local council elections on 3 May 2007, there were 18 councillors each for the Labour and the Conservative Party, each having gained two, and 12 for the Liberal Democrats. The Conservatives took control in May 2007, after a Liberal Democrat resigned from her group to become an independent and voted for the Conservative leader Alec Samuels. During the budget setting meeting on 20 February 2008, a no confidence motion was passed and Labour and the Liberal Democrats formed a coalition.

In the local elections on 1 May 2008, the Conservatives took overall control of Southampton, winning 15 of the 17 seats being contested. Both the Labour and Liberal Democrat leaders lost their seats to young Conservative challengers.

As of 2008 the composition of the council is:

Party Members
Conservative 26
Labour 14
Liberal Democrats 8
Total 48

There are three members of parliament for the city: Rt. Hon. John Denham (Labour) for Southampton Itchen, the constituency covering the east of the city; Dr. Alan Whitehead (Labour) for Southampton Test, which covers the west of the city; and Sandra Gidley (Liberal Democrat) for Romsey, which includes a northern portion of the city. The Boundary Commission for England has created the new constituency of Romsey and Southampton North, by enlarging the current Romsey seat. The new boundaries encompass the unitary authority wards of Bassett and Swaythling. It will be in place in time for the 2010 General Election.

Southampton's police service is provided by Hampshire Constabulary and its fire service by Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service and the ambulance service by the South Central Ambulance Service. Police stations within the city boundaries are at Portswood, Bannister Park, Bitterne, and Shirley, and at the Civic Centre in the city centre. British Transport Police has a police station at Southampton Central railway station. Fire stations are located in St Mary's, Sholing and Redbridge.

Geography and climate

Map of Southampton (from OpenStreetMap)

The geography of Southampton is influenced by the sea and rivers. The city lies at the northern tip of the Southampton Water, a deep water estuary, which is a ria formed at the end of the last Ice Age. Here, the rivers Test and Itchen converge.[42] The Test—which has salt marsh that makes it ideal for salmon fishing[43]—runs along the western edge of the city, while the Itchen splits Southampton in two—east and west. The city centre is located on the peninsula between the two rivers.

Much of the waterfront has been reclaimed over the years, mainly for use as the Western Docks.[44] Most of the land used for reclamation came from dredging of Southampton Water,[45] to ensure that the port can continue to handle large ships.

Southampton Water has the benefit of a double high tide, with two high tide peaks,[46] making the movement of large ships easier.[47] This is not caused as popularly supposed by the presence of the Isle of Wight.[48] Studies at the National Oceanography Centre at Southampton have attempted to model the double high tide model and have concluded that the main tide in the Engish channel moves past the isle of Wight before the solent tide completes its journey, this results in a second pulse of tidal water entering from the other end of the solent creating the high tide. models demonstrated that even with the removal of the isle of Wight the double tide would stil occur but at a lower amplitude than before.

The city lies in the Hampshire Basin, which sits atop chalk beds.[42]

The River Test runs along the western border of the city, separating it from the New Forest. There are bridges over the Test from Southampton, including the road and rail bridges at Redbridge in the south and the M27 motorway to the north. The River Itchen runs through the middle of the city and is bridged in several places. The northernmost bridge, and the first to be built,[49] is at Mansbridge, where the A27 road crosses the Itchen. The original bridge is closed to road traffic, but is still standing and open to pedestrians and cyclists. The river is bridged again at Swaythling, where Woodmill Bridge separates the tidal and non tidal sections of the river. Further south is Cobden Bridge which is notable as it was opened as a free bridge (it was originally named the Cobden Free Bridge), and was never a toll bridge. Downstream of the Cobden Bridge is the Northam Railway Bridge, then the Northam Road Bridge, which was the first major pre-stressed concrete bridge to be constructed in the United Kingdom.[50] The southernmost bridge on the Itchen is the Itchen Bridge, which is a toll bridge.

Climate data for Southampton, England, UK
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Average high °C (°F) 7.8
(46)
7.8
(46)
10
(50)
11.7
(53)
16.1
(61)
18.9
(66)
20.6
(69)
20.6
(69)
18.3
(65)
15
(59)
10.6
(51)
8.9
(48)
Average low °C (°F) 2.8
(37)
2.2
(36)
3.9
(39)
5
(41)
7.8
(46)
11.1
(52)
12.2
(54)
12.8
(55)
11.1
(52)
7.8
(46)
5
(41)
3.9
(39)
Precipitation mm (inches) 88.9
(3.50)
61
(2.40)
66
(2.60)
48.3
(1.90)
55.9
(2.20)
53.3
(2.10)
40.6
(1.60)
55.9
(2.20)
66
(2.60)
78.7
(3.10)
83.8
(3.30)
88.9
(3.50)
Source: Weather.com[51] {{{accessdate}}}

Demographics

Southampton has a range of cultures and ethnic groups, which make up the estimated 228,600 people living within the city boundary. There is a large Polish population in the city, with estimates as high as 20,000, or 1 in every 11 of the total population.[52] Southampton also has large Asian and Irish communities. At the 2001 Census, 92.4 per cent of the city's populace were white—including one per cent white Irish—3.8 per cent were South Asian, 1.0 per cent Black, 1.3 per cent Chinese or other ethnic groups, and 1.5 per cent were of mixed race.[53]

There are 112,400 males within the city and 109,500 females.[54] The 20–24 age range is the most populous, with an estimated 28,100 people falling in this age range. Next largest is the 25–29 range with 20,500 people and then 30–34 years with 17,000.[54] By population, Southampton is the largest monocentric city in the South East England region and the second largest on the South Coast after Plymouth.

Between 1996 and 2004, the population of the city increased by 4.9 per cent—the tenth biggest increase in England.[55] In 2005 the Government Statistics stated that Southampton was the third most densely populated city in the country after London and Portsmouth respectively.[56] Hampshire County Council expects the city's population to grow by around a further two per cent between 2006 and 2013, adding around another 4,200 to the total number of residents.[57] The highest increases are expected among the elderly.[57]

Economy

There are 120,305 jobs in Southampton, and 3,570 people claiming job seeker's allowance, approximately 2.4 per cent of the city's population, as at March 2007.[58] This compares with an average of 2.5 per cent for England as a whole.

As of June 2006, 74.7 per cent of the city's population are classed as economically active.[58]

Just over a quarter of the jobs available in the city are in the health and education sector. A further 19 per cent are property and other business and the third largest sector is wholesale and retail, which accounts for 16.2 percent.[58] Between 1995 and 2004, the number of jobs in Southampton has increased by 18.5 per cent.[55]

As of January 2007, the average annual salary in the city was £22,267. This was £1,700 lower than the national average and £3,800 less than the average for the South East.[59]

Southampton has always been a maritime centre, and the docks have long been a major employer in the city. In particular, it is a port for cruise ships; its heyday was the first half of the 20th century, and in particular the inter-war years, when it handled almost half the passenger traffic of the UK. Today it remains home to luxury cruise ships, as well as being the largest freight port on the Channel coast and fourth largest UK port by tonnage,[60] with several container terminals. Unlike some other ports, such as Liverpool, London, and Bristol, where industry and docks have largely moved out of the city centres leaving room for redevelopment, Southampton retains much of its inner-city industry. Part of the docks has been redeveloped and the Ocean Village development—a local marina and entertainment complex—built. Southampton is home to the headquarters of both the Maritime and Coastguard Agency and the Marine Accident Investigation Branch of the Department for Transport.

During the latter half of the 20th century, a more diverse range of industry also came to the city, including aircraft and car manufacture, cables, electrical engineering products, and petrochemicals. These now exist alongside the city's older industries of the docks, grain milling, and tobacco processing.[3]

Southampton University Hospitals NHS Trust is one of the city's largest employers. It provides local hospital services to 500,000 people in the Southampton area and specialist regional services to more than 3 million people across the South of England. The Trust owns and manages Southampton General Hospital, the Princess Anne Hospital and a palliative care service at Countess Mountbatten House.

Other major employers in the city include Ordnance Survey, the UK's national mapping agency, whose headquarters is in the city. The Lloyd's Register Group has announced plans to move its London marine operations to a specially developed site at the University of Southampton.[61] The area of Swaythling is home to Ford's Southampton Assembly Plant, where the majority of their Transit models are manufactured.

West Quay Shopping Centre

Southampton's largest retail centre is the WestQuay Shopping Centre. Opened in September 2000 and hosting major high street stores, it is one of the largest in the country. The centre was Phase Two of the West Quay development, the first phase of which was the West Quay Retail Park, while the third phase may begin in 2010, now to be called Watermark Westquay. The plans includes shops, housing, an hotel and a public piazza with a planned opening date of 2012.[62] Southampton has been granted a licence for a large casino.[63]

Swedish home products retailer IKEA opened a store on 12 February 2009.[64] near West Quay. Other major shopping areas in the city centre include The Mall Marlands, the Bargate Centre and the East Street area, which has been designated for speciality shopping, with the aim of promoting smaller retailers. In 2007, Southampton was ranked 13th for shopping in the UK.[65]

The dockyards on the River Test

Southampton's strong economy is promoting redevelopment, and major projects are proposed, including the city's first skyscrapers on the waterfront. The three towers proposed will stand 23 storeys high and will be surrounded by smaller apartment blocks, office blocks and shops. There are also plans for a 15-storey hotel at the Ocean Village marina,[66] and a 21-storey hotel on the north eastern corner of the city centre, as part of a £100m development.[67]

Southampton is the only city in the UK with a geothermal power station. The station provides hot water to a city centre district heating scheme. In a recent survey of carbon emissions in major UK cities conducted by British Gas, Southampton was ranked as being one of the lowest carbon emitting cities in the United Kingdom.[68]

According to 2004 figures, Southampton contributes around £4.2bn to the regional economy annually. The vast majority of this is from the service sector, with the remainder coming from industry in the city. This figure has almost doubled since 1995.[69]

Culture, media and sport

Advertisements

Culture

Tudor House, Southampton

The city is home to the longest surviving stretch of medieval walls in England,[70] as well as a number of museums such as Tudor House, Southampton Maritime Museum[71] and Solent Sky, which focuses on aviation.[72] A Titanic Memorial Museum is planned. Having received half a million pounds from the National Lottery and interest from numerous private investors, the £28 million project is anticipated to open in 2012 — the 100th anniversary year of the tragic maiden voyage.

The annual Southampton Boat Show is held in September each year, with over 600 exhibitors present.[73] It runs for just over a week at Mayflower Park on the city's waterfront, where it has been held since 1968.[74] The Boat Show itself is the climax of Sea City, which runs from April to September each year to celebrate Southampton's links with the sea.[75]

In July 2007, the Daily Echo quoted a survey which described Southampton one of the best places to live in the UK for single people aged 18 to 30. This was owing to its "low cost of living, wide array of bars and clubs and cheap transport". Women voted it second best behind London, while men rated it as seventh.[76]

The Mayflower Theatre

The largest theatre in the city is the 2,300 capacity Mayflower Theatre, which has hosted West End shows such as Les Miserables, The Rocky Horror Show and Chitty Chitty Bang Bang. There is also the Nuffield Theatre[77] based at the University of Southampton's Highfield campus which acts as a venue for local performing societies, such as Southampton Operatic Society, The Maskers and The University Players.

There are many innovative art galleries in the city, including the City Art Gallery at the Civic Centre, the Millais Gallery at Southampton Solent University and The Art House[78] in Above Bar Street.[79]. The city's iconic Bargate is also an art gallery run by the arts organisation "a space". A space also run the Art Vaults project, which creatively uses several of Southampton's medieval vaults, halls and cellars as venues for contemporary art installations.

In August 2009, work began on a significant project to create an Arts Quarter in the City Centre, on land adjacent to the Guildhall.[80]

Contemporary music

Southampton's live music venues, include The Brook,[81] The Talking Heads,[82] The Soul Cellar,[83] The Turner Sims Concert Hall[84] and The Joiners,[85] as well as smaller "club circuit" venues like Hamptons and Lennons, and a number of public houses including The Platform tavern, the Dolphin, The Blue Keys and many others. The Joiners has played host to such acts as Oasis, Radiohead, Green Day, Suede, PJ Harvey, The Manic Street Preachers, Coldplay, The Verve, The Libertines and Franz Ferdinand, while Hamptons and Lennons have hosted early appearances by Kate Nash, Scouting for Girls and Band of Skulls.

The city also has some larger music venues, including the Mayflower Theatre (formerly the Gaumont Theatre) and the Guildhall. The Guildhall has seen concerts from a wide range of popular artists including Pink Floyd,[86] David Bowie,[86] Delirious?,[87] Manic Street Preachers,[86] The Killers,[86] The Kaiser Chiefs[86] and Amy Winehouse.[86]

The city is home or birthplace to a growing number of contemporary musicians such as R'n'B soulstar Craig David, Coldplay drummer Will Champion, former Holloways singer Rob Skipper and alternative rock bands Band of Skulls, The Delays and Thomas Tantrum as well as 1980s popstar Howard Jones.

Cruise shipping

RMS Queen Mary 2 in the Southampton Dock
QE2 stern name, October 2008

The city is deeply connected to the Cunard Line and their fleet of ships, which are the only passenger vessels to be registered in this city (and thus wear the name "Southampton" on the stern). The people of Southampton showed their strong connection with Cunard on 11 November 2008 when the Cunard Liner RMS Queen Elizabeth 2 departed the city for the final time amid a spectacular fireworks display after a full day of celebrations.[88]

Proudly continuing the tradition of luxury cruising that began in 1840, Queen Victoria was successfully launched in December 2007 and was named by HRH The Duchess of Cornwall in a spectacular ceremony in Southampton.

In the spring of 2009, a fourth Cruise Terminal was opened in Southampton and Carnival Corporation & plc moved the headquarters of Carnival UK to Southampton.[89][90]

Many of the world's largest cruise ships (including record-breaking vessels operated by P & O - Cunard's sister company based in the UK - and Royal Caribbean) can regularly be seen in Southampton Water

Media

Local media include the Southern Daily Echo newspaper based in Redbridge and BBC South, which has its regional headquarters in the city centre. From there the BBC broadcasts South Today, the local television news bulletin and BBC Radio Solent. The local ITV franchise is Meridian, which has its headquarters in Whiteley, around nine miles (14 km) from the city. Until recently, the station's studios were located in the Northam area of the city. Commercial radio stations include Hampshire's Play Radio—which until 2007 was run by Southampton F.C.[91] and known as The Saint, Wave 105, Galaxy South Coast (previously known as Power FM), Heart Hampshire and The Coast (radio station).

Southampton's University has a radio station called SURGE on AM band as well as through the web.

Between 1983–1992 the What's On listings magazine Due South was run from Southampton.

The city's information-packed Pocket Guide, which details all Southampton's accommodation venues, places to eat, drink, shop and be entertained is published by local company Walking Distance, champions of the city whose core business is promoting what's on in and around Southampton.

Sport

St. Mary's Stadium

Southampton is home to Southampton Football Club—nicknamed "The Saints"—who play in the Football League One at St Mary's Stadium, having relocated in 2001 from their 103-year-old former stadium, "The Dell". They reached the top flight of English football (First Division) for the first time in 1966, staying there for eight years. They lifted the FA Cup with a shock victory over Manchester United in 1976, returned to the top flight two years later, and stayed there for 27 years (becoming founder members of the Premier League in 1992) before they were relegated in 2005. Their highest league position came in 1984 when they were runners-up in the old First Division. They were also runners-up in the 1979 Football League Cup final and 2003 FA Cup final. Notable former players include Alan Ball (who was later the club's manager), Wayne Bridge, Martin Chivers, Kevin Keegan, Matthew Le Tissier, Alf Ramsey, Alan Shearer, Peter Shilton, Bobby Stokes and Mark Wright. Notable former managers include Lawrie McMenemy, Chris Nicholl, Ian Branfoot, Graeme Souness, Dave Jones, Glenn Hoddle, Gordon Strachan, Paul Sturrock, Harry Redknapp and George Burley. In May 2009, The Saints were relegated to League One. They have a famous rivalry with Portsmouth F.C. ("South Coast derby") which is located only about 30 km away.

The two local Sunday Leagues in the Southampton area are the City of Southampton Sunday Football League and the Southampton and District Sunday Football League. Hampshire County Cricket Club play close to the city, at the Rose Bowl in West End, after previously playing at the County Cricket Ground, near the city centre.

The city hockey club, Southampton Hockey Club, founded in 1938, is now one of the largest and highly regarded clubs in Hampshire, fielding 9 senior men’s and 5 senior ladies teams on a weekly basis along with boys’ and girls’ teams from 6 upwards.

The city is also well provided for in amateur men's and women's rugby with a number of teams in and around the city, the oldest of which is Trojans RFC who were promoted to London South West 2 division in 2008/9. Tottonians are also in London South West division 2 and Southampton RFC are in Hampshire division 1 in 2009/10, alongside Millbrook RFC and Eastleigh RFC. Many of the sides run mini and midi teams from under sevens up to under sixteens for both boys and girls.

The city provides for yachting and water sports, with a number of marinas. From 1977 to 2001 the Whitbread Around the World Yacht Race, which is now known as the Volvo Ocean Race was based in Southampton's Ocean Village marina.

The city also has the Southampton Sports Centre which is the focal point for the public's sporting and outdoor activities and includes an Alpine Centre, theme park and athletics centre which is used by professional athletes. With the addition of 11 other additional leisure venures which are currently operate by the Council leisure executives. However these have been sold the operating rights to "Park Wood Leisure."[92]

Southampton was named "fittest city in the UK" in 2006 by Men's Fitness magazine. The results were based on the incidence of heart disease, the amount of junk food and alcohol consumed, and the level of gym membership.[93] In 2007, it had slipped one place behind London, but was still ranked first when it came to the parks and green spaces available for exercise and the amount of television watched by Sotonians was the lowest in the country.[94] Speedway racing took place at Bannister Court Stadium in the pre-war era. It returned in the 1940s after WW2 and the Saints operated until the stadium closed down at the end of 1963. A training track operated in the 1950s in the Hamble area. Southampton is also home to one of the most successful College American Football teams in the UK, the Southampton Stags, who play at the Wide Lane Sports Facility in Eastleigh.

The world's oldest surviving bowling green is the Southampton Old Bowling Green, which was first used in 1299.[95]

Crime

According to government figures Southampton has a higher crime rate than the national average.[96] In the violence against the person category, the national average is 16.7 per 1000 population while Southampton is 39.4 per 1000 population and in the theft from a vehicle category, the national average is 7.6 per 1000 compared to Southampton's 26.4 per 1000. Overall, for every 1,000 people in the city, 182 crimes are recorded.[96] In August 2008, a Home Office crime report showed that Southampton is the 3rd most dangerous city in the UK.[97]

Education

The George Thomas building at the University of Southampton

The city has a strong higher education sector. The University of Southampton and Southampton Solent University together have a student population of almost 40,000.[98]

The University of Southampton, which was founded in 1862 and received its Royal Charter as a university in 1952, has over 22,000 students.[99] The university is ranked in the top 150 to 200 research universities in the world in the Academic Ranking of World Universities 2008. In 2007, the THES - QS World University Rankings positioned the University of Southampton in the top 80 universities in the world. The university considers itself one of the top 10 research universities in the UK.[99][100][101] The university has a global reputation for research into engineering sciences,[102] oceanography, chemistry, cancer sciences, sound and vibration research,[103] computer science and electronics, optoelectronics and textile conservation at the Textile Conservation Centre[104] (which is due to close in October 2009.) It is also home to the National Oceanography Centre, Southampton (NOCS), the focus of Natural Environment Research Council-funded marine research.

Southampton Solent University has 17,000[105] students and its strengths are in the training, design, consultancy, research and other services undertaken for business and industry.[106] It is also host to the Warsash Maritime Academy, which provides training and certification for the international shipping and off-shore oil industries.

Southampton City College is the largest further education college operating in the city. The college offers a range of vocational courses for school leavers, as well as ESOL programmes and Access courses for adult learners.[107]

There are 79 schools in Southampton, comprising:

  • 1 nursery school (The Hardmoor Early Years Centre in Bassett Green)
  • 21 infant schools
  • 16 junior schools
  • 24 primary schools (ages 4 – 11)
  • 10 secondary schools
  • 2 academies (Oasis Academy Mayfield and Oasis Academy Lord's Hill)
  • 5 special schools[108]

Over 40 per cent of school pupils in the city that responded to a survey claimed to have been the victim of bullying. More than 2,000 took part and said that verbal bullying was the most common form, although physical bullying was a close second for boys.[109]

It has been revealed that Southampton has the worst behaved secondary schools within the UK. With suspension rates three times the national average, the suspension rate is approximately 1 in every 14 children, the highest in the country for physical or verbal assaults against staff.[110]

Transport

For the history of transport in Southampton see:

The Ocean Village marina

Southampton is a major UK port which has good transport links with the rest of the country. The M27 motorway, linking places along the south coast of England, runs just to the north of the city. The M3 motorway links the city to London and also, via a link to the A34 road at Winchester, with the Midlands and North. The M271 motorway is a spur of the M27, linking it with the Western Docks and city centre.

Southampton is also served by the rail network, which is used both by freight services to and from the docks and passenger services as part of the national rail system. The main station in the city is Southampton Central. Rail routes run east towards Portsmouth, north to Winchester, the Midlands and London, and westwards to Bournemouth, Salisbury, Bristol and Cardiff.

Local train services operate in the central, southern and eastern sections of the city, with stations at Swaythling, St Denys, Millbrook, Redbridge, Bitterne, Sholing and Woolston. Plans were announced by Hampshire County Council in July 2009 for the introduction of tram-train running from Hythe (on what is now a freight-only line to Fawley) via Totton to Southampton Central Station and on to Fareham via St. Denys, and Swanwick.[111] The proposal follows a failed plan to bring light-rail to the Portsmouth and Gosport areas in 2005.

Southampton Coach Station, which is located near the West Quay Shopping Centre, was recently refurbished.

Southampton Airport control tower

Southampton Airport is a regional airport located in the town of Eastleigh, just north of the city. It offers flights to UK and near European destinations, and is connected to the city by a frequent rail service from Southampton Airport (Parkway) railway station, and by bus services.

While Southampton is no longer the base for any cross-channel ferries, it is the terminus for three internal ferry services, all of which operate from terminals at Town Quay. Two of these, a car ferry service and a fast catamaran passenger ferry service, provide links to East Cowes and Cowes respectively on the Isle of Wight and are operated by Red Funnel. The third ferry is the Hythe Ferry, providing a passenger service to Hythe on the other side of Southampton Water.

Buses at WestQuay from five of Southampton's bus operators.

Buses now provide the majority of local public transport. The main bus operators are First Southampton and Bluestar. Other operators include Brijan Tours, Stagecoach, Velvet, Dorset Sprinter and Wilts & Dorset. The other large service provider is the Uni-link bus service (running from early in the morning to midnight), which was commissioned by the University of Southampton to provide transport from the university to the town. Previously run by Enterprise, it is now run by Bluestar. Free buses are provided by City-link and City Loop.[112] The City-link runs from the Red Funnel ferry terminal at Town Quay to Central station via WestQuay and is operated by Bluestar.[113] There is also a door to door minibus service called Southampton Dial a Ride, for residents who cannot access public transport. This is funded by the council and operated by SCA Support Services.

There are two main termini for bus services. As the biggest operator, First uses stops around Pound Tree Road. This leaves the other terminal of West Quay available for other operators. Uni-link passes West Quay in both directions, and Wilts & Dorset drop passengers off and pick them up there, terminating at a series of bus stands along the road. Certain Bluestar services also do this, while others stop at Bargate and some loop round West Quay, stopping at Hanover Buildings. There was a tram system from 1879 to 1949.

Southampton used to be home to a number of ferry services to the continent, with destinations such as San Sebastian, Lisbon, Tangier and Casablanca. A ferry port was built during the 1960s.[114] However a number of these relocated to Portsmouth and by 1996, there were no longer any car ferries operating from Southampton with the exception of services to the Isle of Wight. The land used for Southampton Ferry Port was sold off and a retail and housing development was built on the site. The Princess Alexandra Dock was converted into a marina. New car reception areas now fill the Eastern Docks where passengers, dry docks and trains used to be.

Areas and suburbs

Clickable location map showing settlements and suburbs within Greater Southampton. O denotes settlements within Southampton city boundary; X represents settlements outside of the boundary.
See also: Category:Districts of Southampton

Southampton is subdivided into council wards, suburbs, constituencies, ecclesiastical parishes, and other less formal areas.

Southampton is named the 'Green City' as it is graced with green spaces and parks. The largest green space is the 148 hectare Southampton Common,[115] parts of which are used to host the annual summer festivals, circuses and fun fairs. The Common includes Hawthorns Urban Wildlife Centre[116] on the former site of Southampton Zoo, a swimming pool and several lakes and ponds.

There are council estates such as those in the Weston, Thornhill and Townhill Park districts. Overall, the city is ranked 96th most deprived out of all 354 Local Authorities in England.[117]

During the 2006/07 financial year, 1,267 residential dwellings were built in the city—the highest number for 15 years. Over 94 per cent of these properties were flats.[118]

There are 16 Electoral Wards in Southampton, each consisting of longer-established neighbourhoods (see below).

There are also settlements outside of the city boundaries that are sometimes considered suburbs of Southampton, including Chartwell Green, Chilworth, Nursling, Rownhams, Totton and West End.

Notable people

See also: Category:People from Southampton

Notable people who either hail from Southampton or who have lived in the city include: Filmmakers Ken Russell and Chris Barfoot, who were both born in Southampton; Coldplay drummer, Will Champion, whose father[119] and late mother[120] taught at the university; R&B singer Craig David was brought up on the Holyrood estate in the city centre; SKY & International Radio Presenter Andy Collins and naturalist TV presenter Chris Packham are natives and Oscar-winning director of animated films Suzie Templeton grew up in Highfield. Southampton is also the origin of Drone Doom band Moss and alternative pop group Delays. Although many believe BBC Radio One DJ Scott Mills to come from the city he is actually from Eastleigh, he often states that his home was Southampton for convenience as many have not heard of Eastleigh, though comedian Benny Hill had a milk round there — the inspiration for his song Ernie (The Fastest Milkman In The West).

In the past, the city was home to Isaac Watts, a famous hymn writer, who notably composed O God, Our Help in Ages Past which is the school hymn of the King Edward VI school in the city and the peal of the Civic Centre clock tower.

Admiral John Jellicoe, commander of the British fleet at the Battle of Jutland was a Sotonian and Argentinian dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas spent his last years in exile in the city.

Author Jane Austen lived at her brother Frank's home in Southampton from the autumn of 1806 to the spring of 1809.

Merchant Mariner Charles Fryatt was born in Southampton in 1872.

Former England and Southampton footballer Matthew Le Tissier has lived in Southampton since the mid-1980s, and Olympic athlete Iwan Thomas lives here as did former tennis players Wally Masur and Eric Babin.

International relations

Twin towns - Sister cities

Southampton is twinned with:

Southampton is also a sister city of:

Southampton also has a sister port:

References

  1. ^ Neighbourhood Statistics. "Lead View Table". Neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=3&b=276856&c=southampton&d=13&e=13&g=411988&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1206473372123&enc=1&dsFamilyId=1812. Retrieved 6 May 2009. 
  2. ^ Solent Sites.. "Southampton in Hampshire". http://www.solentsites.co.uk/southampton_hampshire.html. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Encyclopaedia Britannica. "Southampton". http://www.britannica.com/ebc/article-9068896. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  4. ^ Southampton City Council. "City Statistics and Research". http://www.southampton.gov.uk/living/statsresearch/. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  5. ^ Visit Southampton. "Famous Sotonians". http://www.visit-southampton.co.uk/site/research-zone/famous-sotonians. Retrieved 9 October 2008. 
  6. ^ Southampton City Council. "Titanic - A Southampton Story". http://www.southampton.gov.uk/s-leisure/artsheritage/history/titanic/soton-story/. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  7. ^ Solent Sky Museum. "Home of the Spitfire". http://www.spitfireonline.co.uk/. Retrieved 30 July 2007. 
  8. ^ Visit Southampton. "Southampton - Cruise Capital of Northern Europe". http://www.visit-southampton.co.uk/site/cruise-passenger-and-crew-information. Retrieved 30 July 2007. 
  9. ^ BBC Online (8 June 2007). "Solent Ship Spotting". http://www.bbc.co.uk/hampshire/content/articles/2006/03/07/shipspotting_feature.shtml. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  10. ^ a b c d Southampton Museum of Archeology. God's House Tower, Southampton.
  11. ^ Wm R Cooper (2002). "The Chronicle of the Early Britons" (PDF). http://www.annomundi.com/history/chronicle_of_the_early_britons.pdf. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  12. ^ Southampton Through the Ages: A Short History by Elsie M. Sandell (revised 1980)
  13. ^ British Archaeology Magazine (August 2002). "Great Sites: Hamwic". http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba66/feat3.shtml. Retrieved 19 October 2009. "Hamwic, which is described as a commercial port (mercimonium). Hamwic (also known as Hamtun) must have possessed considerable administrative importance as by the middle of the 8th century it had given its name to the shire - Hamtunscire." 
  14. ^ Southampton City Council. "Saxon Southampton". http://www.southampton.gov.uk/s-leisure/artsheritage/museums-galleries/ghtower-museumofarchaeology/saxon.aspx. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  15. ^ a b Southampton City Council. "Medieval Southampton". http://www.southampton.gov.uk/s-leisure/artsheritage/museums-galleries/ghtower-museumofarchaeology/medieval.aspx. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Rance, Adrian (1986). Southampton. An Illustrated History.. ISBN 0-903852-95-0. 
  17. ^ British Archaeology Magazine (August 2002). "Great Sites: Hamwic". http://www.britarch.ac.uk/ba/ba66/feat3.shtml. Retrieved 19 October 2009. "The economic motor driving trade [was] larger-scale trade in relatively low value commodities such as wool, timber and quernstones." 
  18. ^ Rance, Adrian (1986). Southampton. An Illustrated History.. p. 34. ISBN 0-903852-95-0. 
  19. ^ Rance, Adrian (1986). Southampton. An Illustrated History.. p. 45. ISBN 0-903852-95-0. 
  20. ^ Internet Archive. "Monaco and Monte Carlo". http://www.archive.org/stream/monacomontecarlo00smit/monacomontecarlo00smit_djvu.txt. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  21. ^ a b c d BBC Online. "Southampton Town Walls and Castle". http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/alabaster/A337141. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  22. ^ a b Southampton City Council. "God's House Tower: A History of the Museum". http://www.southampton.gov.uk/s-leisure/artsheritage/museums-galleries/ghtower-museumofarchaeology/history.aspx. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  23. ^ Culture24. "God's House Tower Museum of Archaeology, Southampton". http://www.culture24.org.uk/se000276. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  24. ^ Southampton City Council. "Medieval Southampton". http://www.southampton.gov.uk/s-leisure/artsheritage/museums-galleries/ghtower-museumofarchaeology/medieval.aspx. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  25. ^ Rance, Adrian (1986). Southampton. An Illustrated History.. p. 59. ISBN 0-903852-95-0. 
  26. ^ Percy G. Stone, A Vanished Castle, Papers & Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club & Archaeological Society, 12:3 (1934), pp. 241–70
  27. ^ Alwyn A. Ruddock, The Greyfriars in Southampton, Papers & Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club & Archaeological Society, 16:2 (1946), pp. 137–47
  28. ^ Rev. J. Silvester Davies, A History of Southampton Partly From the Ms. Of Dr Speed In The Southampton Archives, 1883, pp. 114–19
  29. ^ a b Rance, Adrian (1986). Southampton. An Illustrated History.. pp. 71–72. ISBN 0-903852-95-0. 
  30. ^ Rance, Adrian (1986). Southampton. An Illustrated History.. pp. 95–97. ISBN 0-903852-95-0. 
  31. ^ Southern Daily Echo (2 April 2008). "Red Lion Plot". http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/news/features/hants_facts/2165774.Red_Lion_plot/. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  32. ^ Rance, Adrian (1986). Southampton. An Illustrated History.. p. 48. ISBN 0-903852-95-0. 
  33. ^ Rance, Adrian (1986). Southampton. An Illustrated History.. p. 92. ISBN 0-903852-95-0. 
  34. ^ Rance, Adrian (1986). Southampton. An Illustrated History.. p. 120. ISBN 0-903852-95-0. 
  35. ^ Rance, Adrian (1986). Southampton. An Illustrated History.. p. 138. ISBN 0-903852-95-0. 
  36. ^ a b c Rance, Adrian (1986). Southampton. An Illustrated History.. pp. 78–79. ISBN 0-903852-95-0. 
  37. ^ Southampton City Council. "Post-Medieval Southampton". http://www.southampton.gov.uk/s-leisure/artsheritage/museums-galleries/ghtower-museumofarchaeology/postmedievalsouthampton.aspx. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  38. ^ Titanic-Titanic.com. "Southampton". http://www.titanic-titanic.com/southampton.shtml. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  39. ^ Rance, Adrian (1986). Southampton. An Illustrated History.. p. 169. ISBN 0-903852-95-0. 
  40. ^ Greenwood & Co (1826). "Map of the County of Southampton". http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/descriptions/entry_page.jsp;jsessionid=831E0EE166940B068F901D2E5F5D2B33?text_id=929180&word=NULL. Retrieved 21 September 2007. 
  41. ^ John Marius Wilson (1870). "Southamptonshire". Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. http://www.luckners.com/auction.aspx?Selection=ByCategory&AuctionID=20802&Value=7-0. Retrieved 21 September 2007. 
  42. ^ a b The Port of Southampton L. E. Tavener Economic Geography, Vol. 26, No. 4 (Oct., 1950), pp. 260–73
  43. ^ Environment Agency. "The River Test". http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/commondata/acrobat/river_test__627604pdf. Retrieved 28 July 2007. 
  44. ^ The Solent Forum. "Western Solent and Southampton Water Shoreline Management Plan". http://www.solentforum.hants.org.uk/othercoast/western_solent_smp.htm#test6. Retrieved 28 July 2007. 
  45. ^ eGovernment Monitor (8 July 2005). "Web Maps Out The Past". http://www.egovmonitor.com/node/1811. Retrieved 28 July 2007. 
  46. ^ Proudman Oceanographic Laboratory. "Tides". http://www.pol.ac.uk/home/insight/tidefaq.html. Retrieved 28 July 2007. 
  47. ^ Associated British Ports. "Southampton VTS - ABP Southampton". http://www.southamptonvts.co.uk/. Retrieved 28 July 2007. 
  48. ^ Captain M J Ridge, FRICS MCIT. "English Channel double tides". http://www.bristolnomads.org.uk/stuff/double_tides.htm. Retrieved 13 July 2009. 
  49. ^ Holt, John; Anne Cole (February 1992). A bend in the River. Southampton: Bitterne Local History Society. 
  50. ^ "History of Concrete Bridges". www.cbdg.org.uk. http://www.cbdg.org.uk/bridge_history.html. Retrieved 11 March 2008. 
  51. ^ "Average Weather for Southampton, ENG". http://www.weather.com/outlook/travel/businesstraveler/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/UKXX0138?from=36hr_bottomnav_business. Retrieved 3 August 2007. 
  52. ^ "South: Polish immigration". BBC News Online. 16 June 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/5080924.stm\. Retrieved 8 April 2007. 
  53. ^ Office for National Statistics, Neighbourhood statistics: Ethnic group - percentages. Retrieved 8 April 2007.
  54. ^ a b Southampton City Council - Population Numbers [1]. Retrieved June 2007.
  55. ^ a b Institute for Public Policy Research. "Two Track Cities" (PDF). http://www.ippr.org/uploadedFiles/cfc/pressreleases/high_low_performers.pdf. Retrieved 22 July 2007. 
  56. ^ National Statistics Online. "South East Profile". http://www.statistics.gov.uk/cci/nugget.asp?id=1133. Retrieved 11 September 2007. 
  57. ^ a b Southampton City Council. "Southampton Statistics and Research" (PDF). http://www.southampton.gov.uk/Images/Southampton%20City%20Statistics%20and%20Research%20July%202007_tcm46-182704.pdf. Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  58. ^ a b c Southampton City Council. "Southampton Statistics" (PDF). http://www.southampton.gov.uk/Images/Southampton%20City%20Statistics%20%26%20Research%20April%202007%20v2_tcm46-177132.pdf. Retrieved 22 July 2007. 
  59. ^ Southampton City Council. "Southampton Statistics and Research, January 2007" (PDF). http://www.southampton.gov.uk/Images/Southampton%20City%20Statistics%20and%20Research%20January%202007_tcm46-177131.pdf. Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  60. ^ (DFT) Provisional Port Statistics 2007
  61. ^ Lloyd's Register (21 April 2006). "Lloyd's Register announces plans to move Marine operations to Southampton". http://www.lr.org/Industries/Marine/News/1706+Southampton.htm. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  62. ^ "A new vision for Southampton (From Daily Echo)". Dailyecho.co.uk. 31 July 2008. http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/news/latest/display.var.2413924.0.a_new_vision_for_southampton.php. Retrieved 6 May 2009. 
  63. ^ Southampton City Council (2007-03). "City Awarded large Casino Licence". http://www.southampton.gov.uk/news/casino.asp#0. Retrieved 11 July 2007. 
  64. ^ IKEA. "IKEA Southampton". http://www.ikea.com/gb/en/store/southampton. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  65. ^ Southampton City Council. [www.southampton.gov.uk/Images/City%20of%20Culture%20pages%2013-24_tcm46-220390.pdf "4. An International City of Culture"] (PDF). www.southampton.gov.uk/Images/City%20of%20Culture%20pages%2013-24_tcm46-220390.pdf. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  66. ^ Southern Daily Echo (25 May 2006). "Grand Designs for New Hotel". http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/search/display.var.772549.0.grand_designs_for_new_hotel.php. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  67. ^ Southern Daily Echo (22 May 2007). "Four Star Hotel for City Centre?". http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/search/display.var.1416419.0.fourstar_hotel_for_city_centre.php. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  68. ^ British Gas News (22 May 2006). "Reading named as the UK's highest CO2 hot spot". http://www.britishgasnews.co.uk/index.asp?PageID=16&Year=2006&NewsID=686. Retrieved 8 April 2007. 
  69. ^ Office for National Statistics. "Regional Gross Value Added Report" (PDF). http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_economy/RegionalGVA.pdf. Retrieved 22 July 2007. 
  70. ^ Southampton County Council. [www.southampton.gov.uk/Images/6%20Introduction_tcm46-161134.pdf "Old Town Development Strategy—Final Report"] (PDF). www.southampton.gov.uk/Images/6%20Introduction_tcm46-161134.pdf. Retrieved 19 October 2009. "longest surviving stretch of medieval town walls in the country" 
  71. ^ Southampton County Council. "The Maritime Museum". http://www.southampton.gov.uk/s-leisure/artsheritage/museums-galleries/maritimemuseum.aspx. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  72. ^ Solent Sky
  73. ^ Southampton City Council (16 May 2007). "Southampton Boat Show". http://www.southampton.gov.uk/leisure/events/southampton-boat-show.asp. Retrieved 28 July 2007. 
  74. ^ Southampton Boat Show official website. "Southampton Boat Show". http://www.southamptonboatshow.com/. Retrieved 28 July 2007. 
  75. ^ Celebrating Southampton's Connection With The Sea. "Sea City 2007". http://www.seacity.co.uk/. Retrieved 28 July 2007. 
  76. ^ Southern Daily Echo. "Southampton Is Among Top Cities For Singles". http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/display.var.1573375.0.southampton_is_among_top_cities_for_singles.php. Retrieved 26 July 2007. 
  77. ^ The Nuffield Theatre. "The Nuffield Southampton". http://www.nuffieldtheatre.co.uk/. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  78. ^ The Art House Gallery Cafe. "The Art House Southampton CIC". http://www.thearthousesouthampton.co.uk/. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  79. ^ Bedford Place. "Welcome to Bedford Place". http://www.bedfordplace.co.uk. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  80. ^ Invest in Southampton (27 November 2007). "Plans for the redevelopment of Guildhall Square to be unveiled". http://www.invest-in-southampton.co.uk/news/GS-exhibition.asp. Retrieved 18 June 2009. 
  81. ^ "The Brook". Music Venue. http://www.the-brook.com/. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  82. ^ "The Talking Heads". Music Venue. http://www.thetalkingheads.co.uk/. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  83. ^ "The Soul Cellar". Music Venue. http://www.soul-cellar.com/. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  84. ^ "The Turner Sims". Concert Hall. http://www.turnersims.co.uk/. Retrieved 19 October 2009. 
  85. ^ "The Joiners". Music Venue. http://www.joinerslive.co.uk/. Retrieved 9 October 2008. 
  86. ^ a b c d e f "Southampton Guildhall Tickets". Live Nation Worldwide, Inc.. http://www.livenation.co.uk/southampton. Retrieved 9 February 2010. 
  87. ^ "d:Tour 1997 Live @ Southampton". http://www.delirious.org.uk/discog/ukalbums/dtour.html. Retrieved 9 February 2010. 
  88. ^ QE2 Retirement - Southampton Video Included
  89. ^ "Carnival UK signs for new Southampton cruise terminal". TravelWeekly. 2007-12-12. http://www.travelweekly.co.uk/Articles/2007/12/12/26148/carnival-uk-signs-for-new-southampton-cruise-terminal.html. Retrieved 2010-01-05. 
  90. ^ "Carnival UK". businesssouthampton.com. http://www.businesssouthampton.com/content/default.asp?PageId=255. Retrieved 2009-01-05. 
  91. ^ Southampton Football Club. "Saint Sold On". http://www.saintsfc.co.uk/articles/article.php?page_id=8765. Retrieved 25 July 2007. 
  92. ^ Southampton City Council. "Outdoor Sports Centre" (PDF). http://www.southampton.gov.uk/Images/sports%20centre_tcm46-176683.pdf. Retrieved 26 August 2007. 
  93. ^ "Bradford named UK's fattest city". Guardian Unlimited. 1 February 2006. http://society.guardian.co.uk/health/news/0,,1699580,00.html. Retrieved 26 July 2007. 
  94. ^ "Southampton Still Amongst The Fittest". JCI Southampton. 24 March 2007. http://www.jcisouthampton.co.uk/news.php?id=26. Retrieved 26 July 2007. 
  95. ^ BBC Online. "Southampton Old Bowling Green, Southampton, England". http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/A311482. Retrieved 6 January 2009. 
  96. ^ a b Home Office. "Local Authority Crime Statistics". http://www.homeoffice.gov.uk/rds/pdfs07/laa1.xls. Retrieved 10 September 2007. 
  97. ^ Daily Echo newspaper. "New Crime Statisitics". http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/news/latest/display.var.2432649.0.city_is_third_most_dangerous_place_in_britain_to_live.php. Retrieved 26 August 2008. 
  98. ^ "Table 0a - All students by institution, mode of study, level of study, gender and domicile 2005/06". Higher Education Statistics Agency online statistics. http://www.hesa.ac.uk/holisdocs/pubinfo/student/institution0506.htm. Retrieved 31 March 2007. 
  99. ^ a b University of Southampton. "About Us". http://www.southampton.ac.uk/about/index.html. Retrieved 28 July 2007. 
  100. ^ HERO. "University of Southampton". http://www.ukoln.ac.uk/web-focus/events/workshops/webmaster-2002/materials/work/slides/HERO%20-%20Higher%20Education%20&%20Research%20Opportunities%20in%20the%20UK%20Southampton,%20University%20of.htm. Retrieved 28 July 2007. 
  101. ^ Guardian Unlimited (1 May 2007). "University of Southampton". http://education.guardian.co.uk/higher/universityguide/profile/story/0,,490864,00.html. Retrieved 28 July 2007. 
  102. ^ University of Southampton. "School of Engineering Sciences". http://www.southampton.ac.uk/ses/. Retrieved 19 October 2007. 
  103. ^ "University of Southampton, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research". 9 October 2008. http://www.isvr.soton.ac.uk. Retrieved 9 October 2008. 
  104. ^ "The Textile Conservation Centre, University of Southampton". 9 October 2008. http://www.textileconservationcentre.soton.ac.uk/. Retrieved 9 October 2008. 
  105. ^ Guardian Unlimited (1 May 2007). "Southampton Solent University". http://education.guardian.co.uk/higher/universityguide/profile/story/0,,491283,00.html. Retrieved 28 July 2007. 
  106. ^ Southampton City Council. "Southampton Solent University". http://www.southampton.gov.uk/building-planning/planning/ldf/localplanreview/planreview-textinweb/chapter6/primary-secondary/solent-uni.asp?view=text. Retrieved 28 July 2007. 
  107. ^ "Southampton City College homepage". Southampton City College. http://www.southampton-city.ac.uk/Home/. Retrieved 4 March 2010. 
  108. ^ "School websites and contact details". Southampton City Council. http://www.southampton.gov.uk/childrenandlearning/educationandschools/schools/schoolwebsites/default.asp#0. Retrieved 11 November 2008. 
  109. ^ Southampton City Council. "Statistics July 2007" (PDF). http://www.southampton.gov.uk/Images/Southampton%20City%20Statistics%20and%20Research%20July%202007_tcm46-182704.pdf. Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  110. ^ "Budget for bad behaviour at school slashed". thisishampshire.net. http://archive.thisishampshire.net/2008/1/9/124676.html. Retrieved 28 February 2010. 
  111. ^ "Plans for tram-trains through Southampton (From Daily Echo)". Dailyecho.co.uk. 1 July 2009. http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/search/4469643.Plans_for_tram_trains_through_Southampton/. Retrieved 8 July 2009. 
  112. ^ Southampton Local Transport Plan 2001/2 to 2005/6 Retrieved 10 May 2007
  113. ^ Bluestar - Route list. Retrieved 4 October 2008.
  114. ^ The result appeared to be very successful Retrieved 2 January 2008
  115. ^ Southampton City Council. "Southampton Common Green Flag Management Plan" (PDF). http://www.southampton.gov.uk/Images/Southampton%20Common%20Green%20Flag%20Mgt%20Plan%20pages%201-22_tcm46-178081.pdf. Retrieved 26 August 2007. 
  116. ^ Southampton City Council. "The Hawthorns Urban Wildlife Centre". http://www.southampton.gov.uk/leisure/southamptonparks/thehawthorns/. Retrieved 9 October 2008. 
  117. ^ Southampton City Council. "Research, Information and Statistics". http://www.southampton.gov.uk/thecouncil/thecity/research/default.asp#0. Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  118. ^ Southampton City Council. "Southampton Statistics, July 2007" (PDF). http://www.southampton.gov.uk/Images/Southampton%20City%20Statistics%20and%20Research%20July%202007_tcm46-182704.pdf. Retrieved 24 July 2007. 
  119. ^ Southern Daily Echo. "Daily Echo Top 100". http://www.dailyecho.co.uk/heritage/hampshire100/100music/display.var.1485880.0.will_champion.php. Retrieved 29 November 2007. 
  120. ^ Wessex Scene. "Southampton in world's top 200". http://www.wessexscene.co.uk/article.php?sid=1764. Retrieved 29 November 2007. 
  121. ^ "Le Havre Website - Twin Towns". Ovidio Limited. http://www.lehavre.eu/#Twin_towns. Retrieved 29 November 2008. 
  122. ^ a b c "Linked cities". Southampton City Council. 3 January 2007. http://www.southampton.gov.uk/thecouncil/thecity/linkedcities.asp. Retrieved 7 January 2009. 
  123. ^ "Twin Towns in Hampshire". www3.hants.gov.uk. http://www3.hants.gov.uk/localpages/twintown.htm. Retrieved 2009-11-06. 
  124. ^ "Kalisz - the oldest town in Poland!". http://www.kalisz.info/english/. Retrieved 7 January 2009. 
  125. ^ Port of Busan, Sister Ports, Busan

External links

Coordinates: 50°53′49″N 1°24′15″W / 50.89696°N 1.40416°W / 50.89696; -1.40416


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Southampton [1] is a port city on England's South East coast.

Understand

Southampton has been a settlement since Roman and Saxon times, in Roman times the town was known as Clausentum. The Roman Ruins are situated in a suburb called Bitterne Manor. In Saxon times the town was known as Hamwic. Its privileged position on England's south coast made it Britain's premier trading post. The town became walled in the medieval era, and some remnants of these defences remain throughout the city, most notably the Bargate in the middle of the city centre. Southampton was devastated by bombing during the Second World War, meaning that much of the city and its heritage was destroyed. As such the town and its architecture has quite a modern feel to it.

Southampton has grown rapidly in the past 30 years, becoming one of the twenty largest cities in England. The two Universities (Solent University and University of Southampton) mean that there is a large student population (in term time).

Get in

By plane

Southampton is serviced by Southampton International Airport [2], located a short distance outside the city in Eastleigh. It is a relatively small airport, and only flies to the UK, Ireland, the Channel Islands, France, Spain, Portugal, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

The alternative is to use one of the London airports and travel on to Southampton by rail, car or bus. The most convenient are:

  • Heathrow Airport [3] is about 60 miles drive from Southampton via the M4 (westbound), M25 (anti-clockwise) and the M3 (southbound). There is a RailAir [4] coach service to Woking station, where mainline trains to Southampton can be boarded.
  • Gatwick Airport [www.baa.co.uk/main/airports/gatwick/] is about 80 miles drive from Southampton via the M23 (northbound), M25 (clockwise) and M3 (southbound) motorways. There is an hourly through train service to Southampton from a rail station in the airport terminal complex, taking just under two hours.

By train

South West Trains [5] run regular (at least one an hour) services to Southampton from London Waterloo via Winchester and Basingstoke as well as from Portsmouth and further east along the south coast. Many of these trains continue beyond Southampton to Bournemouth and Weymouth via the New Forest.

Southern Railway [6] run services via a longer and slower route from London Victoria, but have the advantage of serving London Gatwick airport on the way. CrossCountry [7] run longer distance services from the north of England via Birmingham and Reading.

First Great Western [8] runs services from Cardiff, Bristol and Bath via Salisbury.

Megatrain [9] is a new budget ticket option available up to four times a day on South West Trains' services between London and Southampton. If booked some time in advance, tickets can be as cheap as £1 one way, but they are more restricted than the regular tickets, and can only be purchased online via the Megatrain website or by phone.

Train times can be found on National Rail [10] or by calling 08457 48 49 50 from anywhere in the UK.

By car

The M3 links Southampton with the M25 and London. The M27 leads west towards Bournemouth and the West Country, and east along the coast towards Brighton and the rest of the south of England.

Car parking is relatively easy with many pay and display places in the city centre. There are a number of free 2hr car parks too, and if you stray a little further away you can find free parking on the streets.

During the period of the Boat Show there is a Park and Ride scheme operating from Junction 1 of the M271 motorway with frequent buses to the show entrance.

There is also a Park and Ride for ticket holders to Southampton Football Club matches. This is easily found and well signposted from Junction 8 of the M27. For more information on either of the Park and Ride schemes see National Park and Ride Directory [11]

By bus

Megabus [12] run a twice daily bus service from London Victoria Coach Station to Southampton from £3-£5 for the cost of a single ticket

National Express [13] also run a regular coach service direct to Southampton from London Victoria Coach Station. Ticket prices are less than £20 for a scheduled return.

By boat

Southampton is a busy port city, and as such has numerous sea links to countries across the world, however the port is mainly used for freight (particularly containers) and cruises. There are no international ferry services, however regular vehicle and passenger ferries operate to Cowes on the nearby Isle Of Wight and the village of Hythe across the water.

Get around

On foot

Southampton City Centre is fairly spread out along a North-South axis, however it is easily possible to walk from the popular Bedford Place student area on the Northern fringe of the central area to the waterfront, much of the route being pedestrianised.

By bike

Southampton has a few dedicated cycle routes; they are not particularly well linked but cyclists should not have a problem navigating the city centre. The city centre itself is mostly flat; Hampshire tends to undulate. Southampton cycle map is at [14]

By bus

Southampton has a good network of bus services, with some principal services operating as often as every ten minutes during the day. Most of the services radiate out from the city centre but there are also some cross-city routes.

Uni-link [15]

Solent Blue Line [16]

First [17]

Wilts & Dorset [18]

Stagecoach [19]

  • The Bargate - a medieval gatehouse sat slap bang in the middle of the shopping centre. The top floor is now a Heritage Visitor Centre
  • The Central Parks - established in the 19th century and listed Grade II on English Heritage's [20] Register of Historic Parks, they benefited in 2001 from a £4.5m Heritage Lottery grant
  • The yearly Southampton Boat Show [21]
  • For up to the minute information on what to do in Southampton, visit the city's Events & What's On [22] calendar.
  • Visit the one of the many Theatres.
    • The Mayflower [23] is the largest theatre in southern England, offering blockbusting West End musicals as well as ballet and operatic productions.
    • The Nuffield Theatre [24], based on the university campus, hosts performances from Shakespeare to contemporary drama.
    • the Turner Sims Concert Hall [25] features internationally-renowned classical and jazz artists.
    • Southampton Guildhall offers a multipurpose venue.
    • The Jongleurs Comedy Club near Bargate hosts top comedians from across the country.
    • Odeon at Leisureworld
    • Cineworld Cinema at Ocean Village has a wide choice of films.
    • The Harbour Lights Picture House overlooking the Ocean Village Marina, which shows independent and European films.
  • Take a walk on Southampton Common - 326 acres of grass and woodland, including an Urban Wildlife Centre, paddling pool, play area and fishing lake. Very busy during summer months, and a popular afternoon hang out for students.
  • Walk the walls - follow the signposted original course of the historic town walls, gatehouses and towers, which are amongst the most complete in England. Around half of the original one mile circuit still survives, including the famous Bargate.
  • Watch a football match - Southampton FC [26] plays at the new St Marys Stadium. The derby matches with neighbouring Portsmouth have plenty of fire.
  • Take a ride on the Hythe Ferry [27] from Town Quay to Hythe Pier, viewing the shipping in the docks.
  • There are a large number of sailing schools based in and around Southampton, particularly on The Hamble. Most if not all offer courses based around the Royal Yachting Association's certificates. A start sailing weekend costs in the region of GBP £200 for two nights and two days sailing.
  • Visit the one of the Art Galleries
    • City Art Gallery contains some 3,500 works of art covering six centuries.
    • Millais Gallery contains the work of up and coming artists and designers.
    • The Bargate Monument Gallery - The Bargate has been refurbished and given a new lease of life as a contemporary art gallery and home to the arts organisation A Space.
    • The John Hansard Gallery was created in 1980 at the University of Southampton to combine the University's fine art and special photographic collection. Widely regarded as one of the best places in the country to see contemporary visual art, the gallery also hosts seminars, talks and workshops.
  • Visit one of the city's many Museums.
    • The Museum of Archaeology [28] - Home to one of the most outstanding archaeology collections in England and traces the history of the city from its origins as a Roman town to the age of empire under Victoria. The building - God's House Tower - is in itself noteworthy as the first purpose-built artillery fortification in England.
    • The Maritime Museum [29] - The Museum houses a series of special exhibits on the great liners will help you discover the history of the docks.
    • Medieval Merchants House [30] - One of the earliest surviving merchant's houses in England. It has been restored to its mid-14th century appearance and replica furnishings provide an insight into medieval life.
    • Tudor House Museum and Garden [31] - Built in 1495 for Sir John Dawtry, the Controller of Customs in Southampton. Currently closed for restoration but apparently guided tours can be arranged.
    • Solent Sky (Hall of Aviation) [32] - Located near Ocean Village, the museum is dedicated to telling the incredible story of aviation in the Solent area.
  • Have a drink in one of the city's excellent pubs. The city centre features two pubs dating from Tudor times, the Red Lion in High Street in particular is steeped in history.

Learn

Southampton has two universities: the University of Southampton [33] and Southampton Solent University [34].

Buy

Southampton sells itself as the shopping capital of the South Coast and the West Quay shopping centre does nothing to dispel you of that opinion. John Lewis and Marks And Spencer are the major draws, but there are 97 other shops happy to separate you from your hard-earned.

The Bargate shopping centre appeals to a younger clientele than West Quay, providing fashion retailers, computer game stores, Pijin BMX shop and an excellent milkshake shop.

The Mall (formerly Marlands) is an even more generic shopping centre, if such a thing were possible, although the rent is lower than West Quay and hence the retailers are a little less salubrious.

For more generic shopping, Above Bar Street is the main pedestrial thoroughfare joining the shopping centres to each other therefore has even more retailers, large and small, just don't expect to be surprised that the same stores as are on most British high streets have made this their home.

The more discerning shopper can head towards East Street which is the home of 'Speciality Shopping' (it even says so on the street sign) but even this has very little to surpise a shopper on the hunt for a more interesting shopping experience.

Just don't confuse it with East Street Shopping Centre which is apparently the first shopping centre in Southampton, although it has been left behind by the developments on Above Bar Street and is now tucked away too far from the madding crowd and is looking more than a little tired (and also fast becoming the haunt of teenage groups from the nearby estate).

Above Bar Street is also the home of the German Market which runs in December, and the area around the Bargate has the Farmer's Market on the second Saturday of each month.

Southampton's planners have indicated that they don't want to encourage out-of-town shopping, but that hasn't stopped Eastleigh developing Hedge End Retail Park with its collection of typical out-of-town shops at junction 7 of the M27.

Eat

There are two main areas for eating out in Southampton; the first is Oxford Street (towards Ocean Village) and the second is around Bedford Place (just North of the city).

Oxford Street has a selection of higher class (and therefore more expensive) restaurants. Recommended are the White Star (English/Traditional), Kutis (Indian), Poppadom Express (Indian) and Pilgrim House (Chinese).

The choice in Bedford Place is rather more varied; ranging from Moroccan and Mexican at the Southern end of the road through student style curry houses and a chinese to some late night kebab and chip shops. In terms of value for money the Pride Of India is one of best Indians in the city, but most of the restaurants are good value, if not exactly awe-inspiring taste-wise.

Walking distance from Bedford Place is the area of town that used to be known as Hungry Hill; Commercial Road where the existence of the Mayflower Theatre has meant a thriving trade for various restaurants in pre- and post-theatre eating. Again the choice is varied although generally the quality to cost ratio is not as high as it might otherwise be; although Buon Gusto (Italian) and Cafe Pattaya (Thai) are particularly recommended.

There are obviously the usual range of fast food chains spread throughout the city; formerly Burger King and McDonalds faced each other across the Bargate like petulant children with the gate itself acting like a peace-making mother, but McDonalds gave up the fight and fled to the West Quay shopping centre. Furthermore, there are many takeaways in Southampton [35] that do delivery and allow you to pick up the food yourself. Typical meals range from £7-£15. Check with your hotel/hostel if they allow food orders.

Drink

As is to be expected of a large port with two universities, there are a lot of places to drink in Southampton.

Portswood is the drinking area of choice for students at the University, so keep away from places like The Hobbit, Clowns and Jesters ("Jesters"), The Gordon Arms and The Mitre if you want to avoid students. While The Hobbit can be studenty, it is definitely worth a look as it is a quirky pub with a massive beer garden and live music every night of the week. Kolebka is a relaxed Jazz bar with live music every Friday night.

The Polygon is a nice area near the city centre with some good new bars, including the Revolutions.

The Marina area has a good (albeit expensive) selection of seafront bars.

The Red Lion in High Street dates back to Tudor times and is a must-see. It's usually fairly quiet as well. For those looking for something more lively, The Platform Tavern nearby on the waterfront is an excellent bet as it features live jazz and blues music and a superb selection of local real ales.

The Angel located next to one of the central parks is an excellent 'local' type pub in the city centre featuring a free drinks quiz and friendly landlord. The Royal Oak nearby is also an excellent pub featuring regular live music, karaoke and quiz nights as well as drinks promotions, it is also very friendly although it can be a bit studenty.

The city centre also has the usual spattering of chain pubs, including Slug & Lettuce, two Wetherspoon's, Walkabout, Bar Risa and Que Pasa.

Outside of the city centre are the usual local pubs, some of which are excellent and others which are best avoided. The Park Inn in Shirley and the Wellington Arms and Waterloo Arms in Freemantle all have an excellent range of real ales while the Richmond Inn in Portswood is a great traditional pub with a vintage till and real ales. Nearby and next to St Denys railway station are two more excellent pubs, the Junction Inn and South Western Arms.

There is a useful directory of the local pubs and bars at [36] which includes maps to find the pub and a few featured pubs as well.

  • Gay Southampton (Online Guide), 0845 388 6328, [37]. An online guide to the bars, clubs and saunas in Southampton. Comprehensive What's On listings.  edit

Sleep

There is no doubt that whatever your budget you will be able to find somewhere to lay your head in Southampton. A the top end of the scale the De Vere Grand Harbour [38] is the only 5* hotel in the city and an exceptional piece of architecture.

In the level below that the Hilton [39] provides 4* luxury in a pleasant environment as well as being easy to get to from the M3.

3* hotels are much easier to come by, the Jurys Inn [40] has recently opened in the middle of a city centre roundabout, the Novotel [41], Travelodge [42], Holiday Inn [43] and Hotel Ibis [44] are all perfectly adequate for providing a night's sleep.

If you feel the need for a less generic hotel experience, The Dolphin [45] hotel and The Star [46] are both on the High Street in traditional coaching inn buildings and will make you feel less like you're just a commodity.

If you're on the cheap, or feel like a more personal stay, then there are plenty of Bed And Breakfasts; most cluster around the bottom end of Hill Lane which is close to the train station. Simply wander out from the station's main exit (If you see Toys 'r' Us opposite you're on the wrong exit) and take the path by the left side of the HSBC office block. Hill Lane leads up the small hill from the traffic lights. Keep going up the hill until you find one worth staying at; don't forget to check the side streets too.

Tourist Information will almost certainly be able to find you somewhere to stay if you're stuck (023 8083 3333).

  • Southampton Park Hotel, Cumberland Place, Southampton, Hampshire, SO15 2WY, 023 80343343, [47]. checkin: 2pm; checkout: 11am. The hotel is within easy walking distance of one of Britain’s finest provincial art galleries, and only a short drive to West Quay shopping centre and the waterfront Ocean Village. £40-£60 pppn.  edit

Contact

Southampton Tourist Information Centre [48]

Stay safe

Unfortunately, there are quite high levels of violent crime and car crime in Southampton, especially in more rundown areas of the city; these places can usually be easily identified and avoided by visitors. There is a strong police presence in Southampton City Centre at night time, especially around the clubs and pubs. Additionally there is a Night Bus Service that costs £2 for each time you travel and runs until 2-3am to allow people to get home safely.

It is advised not to wander into Southampton Common at night time.

Cope

Samaritans
11 College Place
London Road
Southampton
Hampshire
SO15 2FE
Phone: 08457 90 90 90

No Limits [49] is an Information, Advice and Counselling service for young people in Southampton aged 13-25.
No Limits City Centre
24a Bernard Street
Southampton
SO14 3AY
Phone: 023 8022 4224

This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Southampton discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Wikipedia-logo.png
Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Southampton

  1. a city in southern England

See also

Sotonian

Translations

  • Greek: Σαουθάμπτον
  • Macedonian: Саутхемптон (Sauthémpton) m.

Simple English

[[File:|150px|right|Map of Southampton in relation to the UK]]Southampton is a city in the United Kingdom. The city is in Hampshire. It is about in the middle of the south coast of England. Southampton is the largest city on the south coast.[1]

It is an important port. It is the nearest city to the New Forest. In 1912, the RMS Titanic sailed from there as was common with most ocean liners on the time. It contains several memorials and museum exhibitions related with the doomed ship.

Contents

Places in Southampton

Bargate

Southampton has lots of landmarks, of which one is the Bargate. This is the old main gate of the city wall of Southampton, and nowadays is used as the beginning of the guided tour of Southampton, Walk the Walls.[2] In medieval Southampton, a bell was rung at dusk every day to tell people that the gates would shortly be locked.

Today, the Bargate Shopping Centre is nearby.[3]

The Mayflower

Named after The Mayflower, which set sail from Southampton to the "New World" (via Plymouth), the Mayflower is the theatre in Southampton. It was built in 1928.[4]

Docks

File:QM2 Southampton
The Queen Mary 2 on Southampton Water, with Hythe Ferry in front
Southampton is home to many cruise ships and ocean liners, including the Queen Victoria and the Queen Mary 2.

There is also a regular ferry service to Hythe (a small village on the other side of Southampton Water), which leaves every half hour.[5]

Sport

Southampton has a football team Southampton F.C., which is nicknamed "The Saints". In 2001, the team moved stadiums, from "The Dell", to St. Mary's Football Stadium.[6] The club was founded in 1885, and has been playing ever since.

Twinned Cities

Southampton is twinned with:

  • Le Havre, France (since 1973)
  • Rems-Murr-Kreis, Germany (since 1991)

Southampton is also sister cities with

References

  1. "Southampton - In Brief". stga.org.uk. http://www.stga.org.uk/southampton-in-brief.html. Retrieved 20 January 2011. 
  2. http://www.visit-southampton.co.uk/site/guided-walks-and-tours/guided-walks
  3. http://www.bargatecentre.com/
  4. http://www.mayflower.org.uk/history.asp
  5. http://www.hytheferry.co.uk/
  6. http://www.saintsfc.co.uk/club/?page_id=151
  7. "Grad Rijeka". rijeka.hr. http://www.rijeka.hr/DuringHisRecent. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message