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Southland, Texas
Town
Southland Hardware
Country  United States
State  Texas
Region Llano Estacado
District Garza County
Elevation 920 m (3,018 ft)
Coordinates 33°21′43″N 101°33′01″W / 33.36194°N 101.55028°W / 33.36194; -101.55028
Population 157 (2000)
Founded 1907
Timezone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 79364
Area code 806
Location of Garza County, Texas
Website: Handbook of Texas: Southland, Texas

Southland is an unincorporated community in Garza County, Texas, United States. It lies along the eastern edge of the Llano Estacado on U.S. Route 84, twenty miles northwest of Post, and had a population of 157 as of the 2000 census.[1]

Contents

History

Named for its location on the southern end of the V Ranch, Southland became a trade center between several area ranches with the organization of Garza County in 1907.[2] When the Pecos and Northern Texas Railway was extended north from Sweetwater through to Lubbock in 1910, railroad authorities chose to build through Southland rather than establish a new railroad town (which had tended to be a common occurrence).[3] As a result, the community entered a period of limited prosperity and by 1911 had been granted a post office. Southland also saw benefit from C.W. Post's colonization of the area, providing a shipping point for his utopian project community and namesake town 20 miles to the southwest, Post.

As with many small towns, however, the Great Depression had dire effect on Southland and by 1940 the town's only bank had closed, and its population stood at 280 residents. By 1960, however, this had dropped to under 200 and half of its eleven businesses had closed their doors, as the demand for agricultural work had slowed and shifted elsewhere forcing many Southlanders to follow. Today, Southland remains a rural farming community with an estimated 2000 population of just under 160 residents.

Education

Southland is served by the Southland Independent School District.

Notable residents

L. George Ellis (June 3, 1938 - June 3, 2008), a government official in various agencies, was born in Southland to South Plains pioneers Sam and Ruby Ellis. He graduated from Southland public schools and McMurry College in Abilene. His career began with the Office of Economic Opportunity under U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson. He also was employed by the ACTION program, the New Mexico Department of Aging, the Texas Department of Agriculture, the Texas General Land Office, and as state director of the Farmers Home Administration of the United States Department of Agriculture. He maintained ranching interests in Garza, Blanco, and Hays counties. He was the former state president of the interest group, the American Association of Retired Persons. He resided in Johnson City at the time of his death on his seventieth birthday. He was survived by his wife, Barbara, a son, and a daughter. Memorial services were held in Slaton in Lubbock County.[4]

References

  1. ^ United States Census 2000, http://www.census.gov/main/www/cen2000.html
  2. ^ Handbook of Texas Online, s.v. "Southland, Texas," http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/SS/hls65.html (accessed February 15, 2009).
  3. ^ The Santa Fe Railway Historical & Modeling Society, s.v. "Plains Division: Fifth District: Slaton-Sweetwater," http://www.atsfrr.com/resources/burton/plains.htm (accessed February 15, 2009)
  4. ^ L. George Ellis | Lubbock Avalanche-Journal
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