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Sovetskaya Gavan (English)
Советская Гавань (Russian)
—  Inhabited locality  —
Sovetskaya Gavan is located in Russia
Location of Sovetskaya Gavan on the map of Russia
Coordinates: 48°58′N 140°17′E / 48.967°N 140.283°E / 48.967; 140.283Coordinates: 48°58′N 140°17′E / 48.967°N 140.283°E / 48.967; 140.283
Sovgava1.png
Coat of arms
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Khabarovsk Krai
In administrative jurisdiction of Khabarovsk Krai
Administrative center of Sovetskaya Gavan District
Municipal status
Municipal Status Urban okrug
Mayor Sergey Lugovskoy
Statistics
Population (2002 Census) 30,480 inhabitants[1]
Time zone VLAT/VLAST (UTC+10/+11)
Founded 1853
Postal code(s) 682880
Dialing code(s) +7 42138

Sovetskaya Gavan (Russian: Сове́тская Га́вань, lit. Soviet Harbor) is a town in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia, and a port on the Strait of Tartary which connects the Sea of Okhotsk on the north with the Sea of Japan on the south. Population: 29,100 (2008 est.); 30,480 (2002 Census);[2] 34,915 (1989 Census).[3] The name of the town is often informally abbreviated to "Sovgavan".

Contents

History

The bay on which Sovetskaya Gavan is located was discovered on May 23, 1853 by Lt. Nikolay Konstantinovich Boshnyak (Russian: Николай Константинович Бошняк) in Russian-American Company ship "Nikolay", and named Hadji Bay. On August 4, 1853, Capt. Gennady Nevelskoy founded a military post named after Admiral Grand Duke Constantine, and renamed the bay to Imperatorskaya Gavan ('Emperor's Harbour'), after the then reigning emperor Nicholas I. Nikolay Boshnyak was appointed the commander of the post, which became the first Russian settlement in the area, and the predecessor of today's Sovetskaya Gavan.[4]

After the abandonment of the military post before 1900, the area became a center for timber production, including concessions to companies from other countries such as Canada.

The bay and the settlement were renamed to Sovetskaya Gavan ('Soviet Harbor') in 1922.

During the second world war, construction was begun on a railway from the right bank of the Amur River near Komsomolsk-on-Amur to the Pacific coast, with Sovetskaya Gavan chosen as the endpoint. Sovetskaya Gavan received town status in 1941, the railway reached the town in 1945. This section of railway was the first section to be completed of what would later became the Baikal Amur Mainline.

From 1950 until 1954, the city was the site of the prison camp Ulminlag of the gulag system.

In 1958, the city's northern neighborhood, on the Vanino Bay, was separated into a separate urban-type settlement of Vanino.

In 1963/64 6 sounding rockets of "Kosmos 2"-type were launched. They reached heights until 402 km [1]

It is served by Kamenny Ruchey naval airfield (also known as Mongokhto) as well as Maygatka Airport.

Economy and Infrastructure

Sovetskaya Gavan's economy is largely dependent on the harbor and related activities; the town has a deep water port for cargo and fishing vessels, as well as ship repair facilities. There is also some foodstuffs production, such as fish processing.

In 1973 a rail ferry link to the island Sakhalin was opened, joining the mainland at Vanino, 30 km north of Sovetskaya Gavan. Whilst this diminished Sovetskaya Gavan's importance as a trading port, until the 1990s it remained an important supply harbor for the Russian Pacific Fleet.

Sovetskaya Gavan is connected by rail to Komsomolsk-on-Amur, the section of line being the most easterly section of the Baikal Amur Mainline.

References

  1. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://perepis2002.ru/ct/html/TOM_01_04_1.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-19.  
  2. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек (Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000)" (in Russian). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002). Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.perepis2002.ru/ct/doc/1_TOM_01_04.xls. Retrieved 2008-07-25.  
  3. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров. (All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers.)" (in Russian). Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989). Demoscope Weekly (website of the Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. 1989. http://demoscope.ru/weekly/ssp/rus89_reg2.php. Retrieved 2007-12-13.  
  4. ^ Герб города Советская Гавань (The Coat of Arms of the City of Sovetskaya Gavan) (Russian)

External links

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