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Eufrosinia Kersnovskaya Birth in a prison car for Bessarabian deportees

The Soviet deportations from Bessarabia were part of Joseph Stalin's policy of political repressions (see Population transfer in the Soviet Union). The deported were typically moved to the so-called "special settlements" (спецпоселения) (see Involuntary settlements in the Soviet Union).

Contents

1941

On June 12–13, 1941, 29,839 members of families of "counterrevolutionaries and nationalists" from Moldavian SSR, and from Chernivtsi and Izmail oblasts of Ukrainian SSR were deported to Kazakhstan, Komi ASSR, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Omsk, Novosibirsk oblasts. For the fate of a deportee from Bessarabia with this lot, see the example of Eufrosinia Kersnovskaya. Georgian NKVD official Sergo Goglidze, trusted creature of Lavrenty Beria, was in charge of this deportation from Bessarabia.

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1942

On June 22, 1941, Nazi Germany, together with several other countries, including Romania, attacked the Soviet Union (see Operation Barbarossa). After the start of the war, further mass deportations occurred in the USSR. In April 1942, Romanians and some other nationalities were deported from Crimea and the North Caucasus. In June 1942, Romanians and others were deported from Krasnodar Krai and Rostov Oblast.

1949

35,796 people from Moldavian SSR were detained on 6 July 1949, and deported on similar ground to those in 1941.

1951

On February 19, 1951, Abakumov delivered to Stalin a secret notice which listed the planned numbers of deported "Jehovists" from Ukraine, Belorussia, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Moldova, with 1675 persons (670 families) listed for the latter.[1] On March 3, the USSR Council of Ministers issued the corresponding decree, followed by an order of the Ministry of State Security of February 6. On March 24, the Council of Ministers of the Moldavian SSR issued the decree on the confiscation and selling of the property of the deportees. Operation North started on 4am on April 1, 1951, and round-ups ended on April 2. The deportees were classified as "special settlers".[2] In total, from Moldvian SSR, there were 723 families (2,617 persons) deported on the night of March 31 to April 1, 1951, members of neoprotestant sects, mostly Jehovah's Witnesses, qualified as religious elements considered a potential danger for the communist regime.[3][4]

See also

Bibliography

  • Victor Bârsan, Masacrul inocenţilor, Bucharest, 1993, pg.18-19
  • Vadim Pirogan, Valentin Şerban, "Calvarul", Chişinău, 2005 (in Romanian)
  • Anton Antonov-Ovseenko, "The Time of Stalin", Harper and Row (in English)
  • Johann Urwich-Ferry, "Ohne Passdurch die UdSSR", Editura "Gruparea Româno-Germană de studii", München, 1976 - 1978 (in German) "Fără paşaport prin URSS. Amintiri", Editura Eminescu, Bucureşti, 1999 (in Romanian)

References

  1. ^ "Recalling Operation North", by Vitali Kamyshev, "Русская мысль", Париж, N 4363, 26 April 2001 (Russian)
  2. ^ Валерий Пасат ."Трудные страницы истории Молдовы (1940-1950)". Москва: Изд. Terra, 1994 (Russian)
  3. ^ Comisia Prezidenţială pentru Analiza Dictaturii Comuniste din România: Raport Final / ed.: Vladimir Tismăneanu, Dorin Dobrincu, Cristian Vasile, Bucureşti: Humanitas, 2007, ISBN 978-973-50-1836-8, p. 754 (Romanian)
  4. ^ Elena Şişcanu, Basarabia sub ergimul bolşevic (1940-1952), Bucureşti, Ed. Semne, 1998, p.111 (Romanian)
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