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Soviet helicopter carrier Moskva: Wikis

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Moskva off the coast of Morocco in January, 1970.
Career (Soviet Union) Soviet Navy Ensign
Namesake: Moskva
Builder: Nikolayev South
Launched: 1965
Commissioned: 1967-69
Decommissioned: 1991-98
Fate: scrapped
General characteristics
Class and type: Helicopter carrier
Displacement: 14,590 tons (standard)
17,500 tons (loaded)
Length: 189.0 m (620.1 ft)
Beam: 23.0 m (85.3 ft)
Draught: 13.0 m (27.9 ft)
Propulsion: geared steam turbines, two shaft, 4 pressure-fired boilers; 100,000 shp
Speed: 31 knots (57 km/h)
Range: 14,000 nautical miles (26,000 km) at 12 knots (22 km/h)
Complement: 850
Armament: SA-N-3 'Goblet' SAM 2 twin launchers,
2 × twin 57 mm guns,
1 × SUW-N-1 launcher for FRAS-1 anti submarine missiles,
2 × RBU-6000 ASW rockets,
10 × 553 mm torpedo tubes (2 × 5)
Aircraft carried: 14 Ka-25 'Helix' helicopters


Moskva was the first of her class of helicopter carriers in service with the Soviet Navy. Laid down at Nikolayev South (Shipyard No.444), Moskva was launched in 1965 and she was commissioned two years later. Moskva was followed by Leningrad, which was commissioned in late 1968; there were no further vessels built, reportedly due to the poor handling of the ships in rough seas. Both were conventionally-powered.

A starboard quarter view of Moskva.

The Moskvas were not true "aircraft carriers" in that they did not carry any fixed-wing aircraft; the air wing was composed entirely of helicopters. They were designed primarily as anti-submarine warfare (ASW) vessels, and her weapons and sensor suite was optimized against the nuclear submarine threat. Shipboard ASW armament included a twin SUW-N-1 launcher capable of delivering a FRAS-1 projectile carrying a 450 mm torpedo (or a 5 kiloton nuclear warhead); a pair of RBU-6000 ASW mortars; and a set of torpedo tubes. For self-defense, the Moskvas had two twin SA-N-3 SAM launchers with reloads for a total of 48 surface-to-air missiles, along with two twin 57 mm/80 guns. A "Mare Tail" variable depth sonar worked in conjunction with heliborne sensors to hunt submarines.

Their strategic role was to defend the Soviet ballistic missile submarine bastions against incursions by Western attack submarines, forming the flagships of an ASW task force.

Leningrad was taken out of service in 1991, but Moskva remained in service until the late 1990s, when she, too, was scrapped.

References

See also

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