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Soyuz 3
Mission insignia
Soyuz-3-patch.png
Mission statistics
Mission name Soyuz 3
Spacecraft mass 6,575 kg (14,500 lb)
Crew size 1
Call sign Аргон
(Argon - "Argon")
Launch pad Baikonur Site 31/6[1]
Launch date October 26 1968 08:34:18 (1968-10-26T08:34:18) UTC
Landing October 30 1968 07:25:03 (1968-10-30T07:25:04) UTC
Mission duration 3d/22:50:45
Number of orbits 64
Apogee 205 km (127 mi)
Perigee 183 km (114 mi)
Orbital period 88.3 min
Orbital inclination 51.7°
Crew photo
USSR stamp Soyuz-3 G.T. Beregovoy 1968 10k.jpg
Georgi Beregovoi
Related missions
Previous mission Next mission
Soyuz 2 Soyuz-4-patch.png Soyuz 4

Soyuz 3 (Russian: Союз 3, Union 3) was the first manned launch of a Soyuz spacecraft after the accident that killed cosmonaut Vladimir Komarov. The ill-fated Soyuz 1 flight had been intended to rendezvous and dock with Soyuz 2. Soyuz 3, with cosmonaut Georgi Beregovoi aboard, became the second attempt to complete the mission.

Ground controllers were able to bring the two spacecraft within 200 m (656 ft) of one another before Beregovoi took control of the Soyuz to complete the maneuver. Unfortunately, while he was able to close the gap to only one metre, three successive attempts to dock failed. Eventually, almost all of the maneuvering fuel was expended and the objective had to be abandoned. The failure was blamed on Beregovoi's piloting.

The plane crash that killed Yuri Gagarin occurred during Beregovoi's training for this mission.

Contents

Crew

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Georgi Beregovoi
First spaceflight
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Backup crew

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Vladimir Shatalov

Reserve crew

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Boris Volynov

Mission Parameters

  • Mass: 6,575 kg (14,500 lb)
  • Perigee: 183 km (114 mi)
  • Apogee: 205 km (127 mi)
  • Inclination: 51.7°
  • Period: 88.3 min

References

  1. ^ "Baikonur LC31". Encyclopedia Astronautica. http://www.astronautix.com/sites/bairlc31.htm. Retrieved 2009-03-04.  

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