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Soyuz T-12
Mission statistics
Mission name Soyuz T-12
Crew size 3
Call sign Pamir (Pamir Mountains)
Launch pad Baikonur LC31
Launch date July 17, 1984
17:40:54 UTC
Landing July 29, 1984
12:55:30 UTC
140 km SE of Dzhezkazgan
Mission duration 11d/19:14:36
Number of orbits 186
Related missions
Previous mission Next mission
Soyuz-t-11.gifSoyuz T-11 Soyuz T-13

Contents

Crew

Number in parentheses indicates number of spaceflights by each individual prior to and including this mission.

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Backup crew

Mission parameters

  • Mass: 7020 kg
  • Perigee: 192 km
  • Apogee: 218 km
  • Inclination: 51.6°
  • Period: 88.6 minutes

Mission highlights

Soyuz T-12 was the 7th expedition to Salyut 7.

Volk was a glimpse of things which might have been: he was a Shuttle Buran program pilot being flown in space to prove he would be able to pilot Buran back to Earth after an extended stay in space.

The Pamirs, the second Visiting Expedition to visit the Mayaks, included veteran cosmonaut Vladimir Dzhanibekov, Buran shuttle program cosmonaut Igor Volk, and Svetlana Savitskaya. On July 25 Dzhanibekov and Savitskaya performed a 3 hr, 30 min EVA (Savitskaya became the first woman ever to perform EVA), during which they tested the URI multipurpose tool. They cut, welded, soldered, and coated metal samples. During the Pamirs’ stay, the six cosmonauts aboard Salyut 7 also conducted Rezonans tests and collected station air samples.


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