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Soyuz TMA-1
Mission insignia
Soyuz TMA-1 patch white.jpg
Mission statistics
Mission name Soyuz TMA-1
Crew size 3
Call sign Yenisey
Launch pad Gagarin's Start
Launch date October 30, 2002
03:11:11 UTC
Landing May 4, 2003
02:04:25 UTC
49.39° N; 61.2° E
Mission duration 185 days 22 hours 53 minutes 14 seconds
Number of orbits ~3,020
Apogee 235 km
Perigee 193 km
Orbital period 88.7 minutes
Orbital inclination 51.6°
Crew photo
Soyuz TMA-1crew.jpg
From left to right: Yuri Lonchakov, Sergei Zalyotin and Frank de Winne
Related missions
Previous mission Next mission
Soyuz-tm34.gifSoyuz TM-34 Soyuz TMA-2 Soyuz TMA-2

Soyuz TMA-1 was a Soyuz mission to the International Space Station (ISS) launched by a Soyuz FG launch vehicle.




Landed ISS Expedition 6 crew

Mission parameters

  • Mass: ? kg
  • Perigee: 193 km
  • Apogee: 235 km
  • Inclination: 51.6°
  • Period: 88.7 minutes

Docking with ISS

  • Docked to ISS: November 1, 2002, 05:01 UTC (to Pirs module)
  • Undocked from ISS: May 3, 2003, 22:43 UTC (from Pirs module)

Mission highlights

The Soyuz spacecraft approaches the ISS for docking

This was the fifth Russian Soyuz class shuttle to fly to the International Space Station. It is also the first flight of the TMA-class Soyuz spacecraft. Soyuz TM-34 was the last of the prior Soyuz-TM spacecraft to be launched.

In the spring of 2001, a taxi mission to the space station was being scheduled to take place on October 2002. At first the crew was to be Commander Sergei Zalyotin and Flight Engineer Frank De Winne; however, a report released on February 2002 stated that American musician Lance Bass was interested in joining the crew for a one-week mission onboard the Russian spacecraft. The mission began to fall through, and by September 2002 they had discontinued the training of Lance Bass due to the mission organizers' failure to meet the terms of the contract. They filled the vacant seat left by Lance Bass with Russian cosmonaut Yuri Lonchakov.

While the Soyuz TMA-1 was on orbit, the Feb 2003 Columbia shuttle accident occurred and required a change in crew changeout process. The Soyuz system would now be the sole method for crew to launch to and return from ISS, until the the space shuttle was returned to service in July 2005.

Soyuz TMA-1 disembarked from ISS on May 4, 2003 and immediately began its return to Earth, marking the first entry and descent for this Soyuz class. A technical malfunction caused the Soyuz control system to abandon the gentler controlled entry and descent and instead fall back to the harsher ballistic reentry and descent. This resulted in a steep and off target landing of the spacecraft. The craft landed 300 miles short of the planned area, and the crew was subjected to severe gravitational loads. Communication with the Soyuz was lost because one antenna was ripped off during descent, and two more did not deploy. The crew regained communications through an emergency transmitter after landing. Due to this event, future crews will have a satellite phone at their disposal to establish contact with recovery forces.

Subsequent Soyuz TMA missions were able to successfully execute controlled reentries, until the Soyuz TMA-10 and Soyuz TMA-11 missions which both also reverted to ballistic descents.


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