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Spain in the Eurovision Song Contest: Wikis

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Spain
Flag
Member station TVE
National selection events ¡Tu país te necesita!
Appearances
Appearances 49
First appearance 1961
Best result 1st: 1968, 1969
Worst result Last: 1962, 1965, 1983, 1999
External links
TVE page
Spain's page at Eurovision.tv
Ramón at Istanbul (2004)
Son de Sol at Kiev (2005)
D'NASH at Helsinki (2007)
Soraya Arnelas at Moscow (2009)

Spain debuted in the Eurovision Song Contest in 1961, finishing 9th. Since 1999, Spain is one of the "Big Five" (along with France, Germany,Italy and the United Kingdom), and therefore automatically allowed to participate in the final because they are the four biggest financial contributors to the European Broadcasting Union.

Spain has won the contest twice, first in 1968 with the song "La, la, la" sung by Massiel and second one year later, when Salomé's "Vivo Cantando" was involved in a four way tie with Lulu's "Boom Bang-a-Bang", representing the United Kingdom, Frida Boccara's "Un jour, un enfant", representing France, and Lennie Kuhr's "De troubadour"", representing The Netherlands. Spain has only hosted the contest once, in 1969, since lots were drawn after 1969's four way tie, and the contest was hosted by the Netherlands.

Spain was represented in the 50th anniversary special of Eurovision Congratulations by their 1973 entrants Mocedades, singing the song "Eres tú". The song had made it into the top 14 for the special after being selected in an online vote by the voting public across Europe.

Contents

Selection process

Between 1977 and 1999, Spain's entries were selected internally by TVE. Before that, internal selections and national contests, like Pasaporte a Dublín (Passport to Dublin) in 1971, were alternated. In 2000 and 2001, TVE organized a national preselection show called Eurocanción (Eurosong), where the Spanish representative was selected for the contest. From 2002 to 2004, the reality show Operación Triunfo (the Spanish version of Star Academy) was used to select the entry, a format that renewed the Spanish audience's interest in the contest[1],until TVE decided not to host any further editions of the show. In 2005, the national final Eurovisión 2005: Elige nuestra canción (Eurovision 2005: Choose Our Song) was organized, where the audience chose their favorite song among a pre-selection made by TVE of unknown artists submitted to them by record labels. The result in the Eurovision final was not good and for 2006, the selection was made internally for the first time since 1999, with a similar result. In 2007, Spain's entry was decided through the Misión Eurovisión 2007 show, with a disappointing result once again.

Since 2008, the Internet has been the key element of the competitions used by TVE to select the Spanish entry. In 2008, the social networking website MySpace was involved in the national final Salvemos Eurovisión (Let's Save Eurovision). A website was created to make it possible for anyone to upload a song and proceed to a televised final if chosen by online voters or an expert jury. The result improved a little, but not much; nevertheless the interest of the Spanish audience was revived again.[2] For 2009, MySpace was still involved in the selection process Eurovisión 2009: El retorno (Eurovision 2009: The Return), although some changes were introduced in the format.[3][4] The result was the worst in the 2000s: 23rd place. In 2010, a similar format, ¡Tu país te necesita! (Your Country Needs You!), will select the Spanish entry.

Spain and the 'Big 5'.

Since 1998, four particular countries have automatically qualified for the Eurovision final, regardless of their positions on the scoreboard in previous Contests.[5] They earned this special status by being the four biggest financial contributors to the EBU (without which the production of the Eurovision Song Contest would not be possible). These countries are the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Spain. Due to their untouchable status in the Contest, these countries became known as the "Big Four". Contest Executive Supervisor Svante Stockselius told reporters in a meeting with OGAE Serbia, that if Italy were to return to the contest in the future, that it would also qualify automatically for the finals, becoming part of a "Big Five". [6][7]

Contestants

Year Artist Title Place Points
1961 Conchita Bautista "Estando contigo" 9 8
1962 Victor Balaguer "Llámame" 13 0
1963 José Guardiola "Algo prodigioso" 12 2
1964 Nelly, Tim & Tony "Caracola" 12 1
1965 Conchita Bautista "Qué bueno, qué bueno" 15 0
1966 Raphael "Yo soy aquél" 7 9
1967 Raphael "Hablemos del amor" 6 9
1968 Massiel "La, la, la" 1 29
1969 Salomé "Vivo cantando" 1 18
1970 Julio Iglesias "Gwendolyne" 4 8
1971 Karina "En un mundo nuevo" 2 116
1972 Jaime Morey "Amanece" 10 83
1973 Mocedades "Eres tú" 2 125
1974 Peret "Canta y sé feliz" 9 10
1975 Sergio y Estíbaliz "Tú volverás" 10 53
1976 Braulio "Sobran las palabras" 16 11
1977 Micky "Enséñame a cantar" 9 52
1978 José Vélez "Bailemos un vals" 9 65
1979 Betty Missiego "Su canción" 2 116
1980 Trigo Limpio "Quédate esta noche" 12 38
1981 Bacchelli "Y sólo tú" 14 38
1982 Lucía "Él" 10 52
1983 Remedios Amaya "¿Quién maneja mi barca?" 19 0
1984 Bravo "Lady, Lady" 3 106
1985 Paloma San Basilio "La fiesta terminó" 14 36
1986 Cadillac "Valentino" 10 51
1987 Patricia Kraus "No estás solo" 19 10
1988 La Década Prodigiosa "La chica que yo quiero (Made in Spain)" 11 58
1989 Nina "Nacida para amar" 6 88
1990 Azúcar Moreno "Bandido" 5 96
1991 Sergio Dalma "Bailar pegados" 4 119
1992 Serafín Zubiri "Todo esto es la música" 14 37
1993 Eva Santamaría "Hombres" 11 58
1994 Alejandro Abad "Ella no es ella" 18 17
1995 Anabel Conde "Vuelve conmigo" 2 119
1996 Antonio Carbonell "¡Ay, qué deseo!" 20 17
1997 Marcos Llunas "Sin rencor" 6 96
1998 Mikel Herzog "¿Qué voy a hacer sin ti?" 16 21
1999 Lydia "No quiero escuchar" 23 1
2000 Serafín Zubiri "Colgado de un sueño" 18 18
2001 David Civera "Dile que la quiero" 6 76
2002 Rosa "Europe's Living a Celebration" 7 81
2003 Beth "Dime" 8 81
2004 Ramón "Para llenarme de ti" 10 87
2005 Son de Sol "Brujería" 21 28
2006 Las Ketchup "Un Blodymary" 21 18
2007 D'NASH "I Love You Mi Vida" 20 43
2008 Rodolfo Chikilicuatre "Baila el Chiki-chiki" 16 55
2009 Soraya Arnelas "La noche es para mí" 23 [8] 23
2010 Daniel Diges[9][10] "Algo pequeñito"[9][10]

Voting history (1975-2009)

Spain has given the most points to...

Rank Country Points
1  Germany 169
2  United Kingdom 123
3  Italy 122
4  Greece 120
5  Ireland 118

Spain has received the most points from:

Rank Country Points
1  Greece 137
2  Switzerland 130
3  Turkey 118
4  Portugal 114
5  Belgium 112

Source:[11]

NOTE: The totals in the above tables include only points awarded in Eurovision finals, and not the semi-finals since 2004.

Hostings

Year Location Venue Presenter
1969 Spain Madrid Teatro Real Laurita Valenzuela

References

  1. ^ http://www.formulatv.com/1,20090518,11394,1.html
  2. ^ http://www.formulatv.com/1,20090518,11394,1.html
  3. ^ http://www.vertele.com/noticias/detail.php?id=21032
  4. ^ http://www.esctoday.com/news/read/12563
  5. ^ O'Connor, John Kennedy (2005). The Eurovision Song Contest 50 Years The Official History. London: Carlton Books Limited. ISBN 1-84442-586-X. 
  6. ^ http://www.oikotimes.com/v2/index.php?file=articles&id=234
  7. ^ Fulton, Rick (2007-05-14). "The East V West Song Contest". Daily Record. http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/news/editors-choice/2007/05/14/the-east-v-west-song-contest-86908-19098830/. Retrieved 2009-05-24. 
  8. ^ http://www.eurovision.tv/page/moscow2009/the-participants/final
  9. ^ a b Hondal, Victor (2010-02-22). "Spain sends Daniel Diges to the Eurovision Song Contest". ESCToday. http://www.esctoday.com/news/read/15179. Retrieved 23 February 2010. 
  10. ^ a b Escudero, Victor M. (2010-02-22). "Spain: Daniel Diges to Oslo!". European Broadcasting Union. http://www.eurovision.tv/page/news?id=9453&_t=Spain%3A+Daniel+Diges+to+Oslo!. Retrieved 2010-02-22. 
  11. ^ "Points to and from Spain (1975-2009)". EurovisionRecords. http://www.eurovision.tv/event/scoreboard?event=1482. Retrieved 2009-05-16. 
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