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Flag of Spain.svg Spanish Grand Prix
Circuit de Catalunya
Catalunya.svg
Race information
Laps 66
Circuit length 4.655 km (2.892 mi)
Race length 307.104 km (190.825 mi)
Number of times held 50
First held 1913
Most wins (drivers) Germany Michael Schumacher (6)
Most wins (constructors) Italy Ferrari (11)
Last race (2009):
Pole position United Kingdom Jenson Button
Brawn-Mercedes
1:20.527
Podium 1. United Kingdom Jenson Button
Brawn-Mercedes
1h 37m 19.202s
(189.336 km/h)
2. Brazil Rubens Barrichello
Brawn-Mercedes
+13.056s
3. Australia Mark Webber
Red Bull-Renault
+13.924s
Fastest lap Brazil Rubens Barrichello
Brawn-Mercedes
1:22.762

The Spanish Grand Prix (Spanish: Gran Premio de España, Catalan: Gran Premi d'Espanya) is a Formula One race currently held at the Circuit de Catalunya in Barcelona, Spain, as part of the annual Formula One championship season.

Contents

History

The first Spanish Grand Prix in 1913 was not actually run to the Grand Prix formula of the day, but to touring car rules, taking place on a 300-kilometre road circuit at Guadarrama, near Madrid, on the road to Valladolid.

Motor racing events had taken place in Spain prior to that - the most notable among them being the Catalan Cup of 1908 and 1909, on roads around Sitges, near Barcelona. Both of these events were won by Jules Goux, establishing a strong racing tradition in Catalonia, which has continued to this day. This enthusiasm for racing led to the plan to build a permanent track at Sitges - a 2-kilometre (1.2 mi) oval which became known as Sitges-Terramar, and was the site of the 1923 Spanish Grand Prix.

After this first race, the track fell into financial difficulties, and the organizers had to look for another venue. In 1926, the Spanish Grand Prix moved to Circuito Lasarte on the northern coast, home of the main race in Spain during the twenties - the San Sebastián Grand Prix. The 1927 Spanish Grand Prix was part of the AIACR World Manufacturers' Championship, but the race was still not established and in 1928 and 1929 was run to sports car regulations.

The 1930 Spanish Grand Prix for sports cars, scheduled for July 27, was cancelled due to the bad economic situation following the Wall Street crash in October 1929. The 1931 and 1932 Spanish Grands Prix were also announced, only to be cancelled due to political and economical difficulties. Finally, in 1933 the Spanish Grand Prix was revived at Lasarte with government backing.

Following the 1935 race, Spain descended into civil war and racing stopped. In 1946, racing returned to Spain in the form of the Penya Rhin Grand Prix at the Pedralbes Circuit in Barcelona.

Spain did not return to the international calendar until 1951, joining the list of races of the Formula One championship, on the Pedralbes Circuit. In 1955, a terrible accident at the 24 Hours of Le Mans resulted in regulations governing spectator safety, and the pedestrian-lined street track at Pedralbes was dropped from the racing calendar.

Comeback

In the 1960s, Spain made a bid to return to the world of international motor racing - the Royal Automobile Club of Spain commissioned a new circuit north of Madrid at Jarama, and Cataluña refurbished their circuit at Montjuïc circuit in Barcelona. A non-championship Grand Prix took place at Jarama in 1967, which was won by Jim Clark racing in a Lotus.

In 1968, Jarama hosted the Spanish Grand Prix, near the beginning of the F1 season. It was agreed, following this event, that the race would alternate between Jarama and Montjuich.

The 1975 Grand Prix at Montjuich was marked by tragedy. There had been concerns about track safety during practice races, and double-winner Emerson Fittipaldi retired in protest after a single lap. On the 26th lap of the race, Rolf Stommelen's car crashed when the rear wing broke off, killing four spectators. The race was stopped later and won by Jochen Mass, though only half the points were awarded.

The Spanish Grand Prix was confined to Jarama until 1981, after which it was dropped from the racing calendar. In 1985, the Mayor of Jerez commissioned a new racing circuit in his town to promote tourism and sherries. The track, the Circuito Permanente de Jerez, was finished in time for the 1986 championship, which saw a furious battle between Ayrton Senna and Nigel Mansell, with the two cars finishing side by side. The stewards awarded the win to Senna, by 0.014 seconds - one of F1's closest finishes.

The 1990 Spanish Grand Prix was the last in Jerez (although Jerez did stage the European Grand Prix in 1994 and 1997). During the practice, Martin Donnelly's car was destroyed in a high-speed collision, and Donnelly was severely injured.

Work on the Circuit de Catalunya was underway in Barcelona, and in 1991, the event moved to this new track, where it has remained since. The 1992 event was advertised as the Grand Prix of the Olympic Games. Since that race the race has been held in early season, usually in late April or early May.

The Williamses dominated the first outings there, taking all victories until 1994. Michael Schumacher has won a total of six times, including his 1996 victory in heavy rain, which was his first for Ferrari. Mika Häkkinen took three victories and was on road for fourth in 2001 before his car failed on the last lap.

Since 2003 the race has been well attended thanks to success of Fernando Alonso. Alonso finished second in 2003 and 2005 before taking victory in 2006.

Sponsors

Gran Premio Talbot de España 1981
Gran Premio Tio Pepe de España 1986-1992
Gran Premio Marlboro de España 1993-2005
Gran Premio de España Telefónica 2006-

Winners of the Spanish Grand Prix

Events which were not part of the Formula One World Championship are indicated by a pink background.

A cream background indicates an event which was part of the pre-war European Championship.

Year Driver Constructor Location Report
2009 United Kingdom Button, JensonJenson Button Brawn-Mercedes Catalunya Report
2008 Finland Kimi Räikkönen Ferrari Catalunya Report
2007 Brazil Felipe Massa Ferrari Catalunya Report
2006 Spain Fernando Alonso Renault Catalunya Report
2005 Finland Kimi Räikkönen McLaren-Mercedes Catalunya Report
2004 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
2003 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
2002 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
2001 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
2000 Finland Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Catalunya Report
1999 Finland Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Catalunya Report
1998 Finland Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Catalunya Report
1997 Canada Jacques Villeneuve Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1996 Germany Michael Schumacher Ferrari Catalunya Report
1995 Germany Michael Schumacher Benetton-Renault Catalunya Report
1994 United Kingdom Damon Hill Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1993 France Alain Prost Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1992 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1991 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Catalunya Report
1990 France Alain Prost Ferrari Jerez Report
1989 Brazil Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Jerez Report
1988 France Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Jerez Report
1987 United Kingdom Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Jerez Report
1986 Brazil Ayrton Senna Lotus-Renault Jerez Report
1985
-
1982
Not held
1981 Canada Gilles Villeneuve Ferrari Jarama Report
1980 Australia Alan Jones Williams-Ford Jarama Report
1979 France Patrick Depailler Ligier-Ford Jarama Report
1978 United States Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford Jarama Report
1977 United States Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford Jarama Report
1976 United Kingdom James Hunt McLaren-Ford Jarama Report
1975 Germany Jochen Mass McLaren-Ford Montjuïc circuit Report
1974 Austria Niki Lauda Ferrari Jarama Report
1973 Brazil Émerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford Montjuïc circuit Report
1972 Brazil Émerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford Jarama Report
1971 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Montjuïc circuit Report
1970 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart March-Ford Jarama Report
1969 United Kingdom Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Montjuïc circuit Report
1968 United Kingdom Graham Hill Lotus-Ford Jarama Report
1967 United Kingdom Jim Clark Lotus-Cosworth Jarama Report
1966
-
1955
Not held
1954 United Kingdom Mike Hawthorn Ferrari Pedralbes Report
1953
-
1952
Not held
1951 Argentina Juan Manuel Fangio Alfa Romeo Pedralbes Report
1950
-
1936
Not held
1935 Germany Rudolf Caracciola Mercedes-Benz Lasarte Report
1934 Italy Luigi Fagioli Mercedes-Benz Lasarte Report
1933 Monaco Louis Chiron Alfa Romeo Lasarte Report
1932
-
1930
Not held
1929 Monaco Louis Chiron Bugatti Lasarte Report *
1928 Monaco Louis Chiron Bugatti Lasarte Report *
1927 France Robert Benoist Delage Lasarte Report
1926 Italy Bartolomeo Costantini Bugatti Lasarte Report
1925
-
1924
Not held
1923 France Albert Divo Sunbeam Sitges-Terramar Report
1922
-
1914
Not held
1913 Spain Carlos de Salamanca Rolls-Royce Guadarrama Report *

* Sports car race

See also

References

External links

Coordinates: 41°34′9.9″N 2°15′26.9″E / 41.569417°N 2.257472°E / 41.569417; 2.257472

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Simple English

File:Flag of Spanish Grand Prix
Circuit de Catalunya
File:Circuit
Race information
Laps 66
Circuit length 4.655 km (2.892 mi)
Race length 307.104 km (190.825 mi)
Number of times held 52
First held 1913, First F1-1951
Most wins (drivers) Michael Schumacher (6)
Most wins (constructors) Ferrari (11)
Last race (2010):
Pole position Mark Webber
Red Bull-Renault
1:19.995
Podium 1. Mark Webber
Red Bull-Renault
1h 35m 44.101s
(192.471 km/h)
2. Fernando Alonso
Ferrari
+24.065s
3. Sebastian Vettel
Red Bull-Renault
+51.338s
Fastest lap Lewis Hamilton
McLaren-Mercedes
1:24.357

Contents

Winners

Multiple winners (drivers)

Only races that are a part of the Formula One World Championship are included.

Wins Driver Years
6 Michael Schumacher 1995, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004
3 Jackie Stewart 1969, 1970, 1971
Nigel Mansell 1987, 1991, 1992
Alain Prost 1988, 1990, 1993
Mika Häkkinen 1998, 1999, 2000
2 Emerson Fittipaldi 1972, 1973
Mario Andretti 1977, 1978
Ayrton Senna 1986, 1989
Kimi Räikkönen 2005, 2008

Active drivers are in bold.

Multiple winners (constructors)

Only races that are a part of the Formula One World Championship are included.

Wins Constructor Years
11 Ferrari 1954, 1974, 1981, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2007, 2008
8 McLaren 1975, 1976, 1988, 1989, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2005
6 Lotus 1968, 1972, 1973, 1977, 1978, 1986
Williams 1987, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1997

Active constructors are in bold.

By year

Year Driver Constructor Track
2010 Mark Webber Red Bull-Renault Circuit de Catalunya
2009 Jenson Button Brawn-Mercedes Circuit de Catalunya
2008 Kimi Räikkönen Ferrari Circuit de Catalunya
2007 Felipe Massa Ferrari Circuit de Catalunya
2006 Fernando Alonso Renault Circuit de Catalunya
2005 Kimi Räikkönen McLaren-Mercedes Circuit de Catalunya
2004 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Circuit de Catalunya
2003 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Circuit de Catalunya
2002 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Circuit de Catalunya
2001 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Circuit de Catalunya
2000 Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Circuit de Catalunya
1999 Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Circuit de Catalunya
1998 Mika Häkkinen McLaren-Mercedes Circuit de Catalunya
1997 Jacques Villeneuve Williams-Renault Circuit de Catalunya
1996 Michael Schumacher Ferrari Circuit de Catalunya
1995 Michael Schumacher Benetton-Renault Circuit de Catalunya
1994 Damon Hill Williams-Renault Circuit de Catalunya
1993 Alain Prost Williams-Renault Circuit de Catalunya
1992 Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Circuit de Catalunya
1991 Nigel Mansell Williams-Renault Circuit de Catalunya
1990 Alain Prost Ferrari Circuito de Jerez
1989 Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda Circuito de Jerez
1988 Alain Prost McLaren-Honda Circuito de Jerez
1987 Nigel Mansell Williams-Honda Circuito de Jerez
1986 Ayrton Senna Lotus-Renault Circuito de Jerez
1985
-
1982
Not held
1981 Gilles Villeneuve Ferrari Circuito del Jarama
1980 Not held
1979 Patrick Depailler Ligier-Ford Circuito del Jarama
1978 Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford Circuito del Jarama
1977 Mario Andretti Lotus-Ford Circuito del Jarama
1976 James Hunt McLaren-Ford Circuito del Jarama
1975 Jochen Mass McLaren-Ford Montjuïc circuit
1974 Niki Lauda Ferrari Circuito del Jarama
1973 Emerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford Montjuïc circuit
1972 Emerson Fittipaldi Lotus-Ford Circuito del Jarama
1971 Jackie Stewart Tyrrell-Ford Montjuïc circuit
1970 Jackie Stewart March-Ford Circuito del Jarama
1969 Jackie Stewart Matra-Ford Montjuïc circuit
1968 Graham Hill Lotus-Ford Circuito del Jarama
1967
-
1955
Not held
1954 Mike Hawthorn Ferrari Pedralbes Circuit
1953
-
1952
Not held
1951 Juan Manuel Fangio Alfa Romeo Pedralbes Circuit

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