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Spanish Mexican: Wikis


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Spanish Mexican
Hispano Mexicano
Dolores del Rio from Stars of the Photoplay.jpgAgustin de Iturbide.jpgRamon novarro 2.jpg
Salma Hayek Cannes.jpgSantaanna1.JPGKaty.png
Notable Spanish Mexicans
Dolores del Río · Agustín de Iturbide · Ramon Novarro
Salma Hayek · Antonio López de Santa Anna · Katy Jurado
Total population
Spanish residents abroad
77,041 [1]
est. 16,000,000
predominantly/pure Spanish



Spanish. Minority speaks Castillian Spanish, Galician, Catalan, and Basque.


Predominantly Roman Catholicism

Related ethnic groups

Spanish, Mestizos, Galicians, Castilians, Catalans, Asturians, Cantabrians, Aragonese

A Spanish-Mexican (Spanish: Español), is a Spanish person with Mexican citizenship through recent naturalization and can include the children of naturalized Spanish immigrants. This term is not to be confused with Criollos, those who are Mexicans of varying degrees of Spanish descent which can be traced to having been living in Mexico for several generations.


Numbers of Mexicans of Spanish descent

Spaniards make up the largest group of Europeans in Mexico[citation needed]. Most of them arrived during the colonial period but hundreds of thousands of others have since then immigrated, especially during the Spanish Civil War in the 1930s [2]. In colonial times, Spaniards born in the Americas were called Criollos, and those born in Spain were called Peninsulares or Gachupínes,which was used in a derogatory manner.

Immigration waves

The first Spaniards who arrived in Mexico were soldiers and sailors from Extremadura, Andalucía and La Mancha after the conquest of America[3][4]. At the end of the 16th century both commoner and aristocrat from Spain were migrating to Mexico.

The largest population of Spanish descent are located in states like Jalisco, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, Durango, Guanajuato, Mexico City, Puebla, and Veracruz. Also, Northern Mexico is inhabited by many millions of Spanish descendants. Some states like Chihuahua, Sonora, and Nuevo Leon, have those of Spanish descent as the majority of the population.

Most recent migrants came during the Spanish Civil War. More than 100,000 Spanish refugees settled in Mexico during this era. Some of the migrants returned to Spain after the civil war, but many more remained in Mexico[citation needed].

The Asturians are a very large community that have a long history in Mexico, dating from colonial times to the present. There are about 42,000 people of Asturian descent in Mexico[citation needed]. The Catalans are also very numerous in Mexico. According to sources from the Catalan community, there are approximately 12,000 around the country.[citation needed]. There are also as many as 8,500 Basques[citation needed], 6,000 Galicians[citation needed], and 1,600 Canary Islanders[citation needed].


As the Spanish royal Government doted the New Spain from Kingdoms and Territories, a great part of them followed names. So we can find lots of Basque criollos in Durango and Southern Chihuahua as those territories were part of the Kingdom of New Vizcay, Galician decendents in Jalisco beeing part of the Kingdom of New Galicia.


Spanish was brought to Mexico around 500 years ago. As a result of Mexico City's central role in the colonial administration of New Spain, the population of the city included relatively large numbers of speakers from Spain. Mexico City (Tenochtitlán) had also been the capital of the Aztec Empire, and many speakers of the Aztec language Nahuatl continued to live there and in the surrounding region, outnumbering the Spanish-speakers for several generations. Consequently, Mexico City tended historically to exercise a standardizing effect over the entire country, more or less, evolving into a distinctive dialect of Spanish which incorporated a significant number of hispanicized Nahuatl words.

Spanish culture in Mexico

Bullfighting was brought to Mexico from Spain.
Spanish community in Mexico City in a cultural event.


Bullfighting arrived to Mexico with the first Spaniards and the rest of Latin America in the 1500s. Records are found of the first bullfights debuted in Mexico on June 26, 1526, with a bullfight in Mexico City held in honor of explorer Hernan Cortes, who had just come back from Honduras (then known as Las Hibueras). From that point on, bullfights were staged all over Mexico as part of various civic, social and religious celebrations. Today, there are about 220 permanent bullrings throughout Mexico with the largest venue of its kind is the Plaza de toros México in central Mexico City which opened in 1946 and seats 48,000 people.[5]

Spanish place names in Mexico

There are hundreds places in Mexico named after places in Spain or have Spanish names due to the Spanish colonialism, Spanish settlers and explorers. These include:

See also



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