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Sparidae
Calamus bajonado
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Sparidae
Genera

Many, see text

The Sparidae is a family of fish, included in the order Perciformes. The fish of the family are commonly called breams and porgies (North America). The sheepshead, scup, and red sea bream are species in this family. They live in shallow temperate waters and are bottom-dwelling carnivores. Most species possess grinding, molar-like teeth. [1]

Contents

Species

The family Sparidae contains 125 species in 37 genera and is classified here according to Fishbase.

  • Genus Acanthopagrus
    • Acanthopagrus akazakii Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino, 2006[2]
    • Acanthopagrus australis, Surf bream (Gunther, 1859)
    • Acanthopagrus berda, Picnic seabream (Forsskål, 1775)
    • Acanthopagrus bifasciatus, Twobar seabream (Forsskål, 1775)
    • Acanthopagrus butcheri, Southern black bream (Munro, 1949)
    • Acanthopagrus latus, Yellowfin seabream (Houttuyn, 1782)
    • Acanthopagrus palmaris, North west black bream (Whitley, 1935)
    • Acanthopagrus schlegelii czerskii (Berg, 1914)
    • Acanthopagrus schlegelii schlegelii, Black porgy (Bleeker, 1854)
    • Acanthopagrus sivicolus, Okinawa seabream (Akazaki, 1962)
    • Acanthopagrus taiwanensis (Iwatsuki & Carpenter, 2006)
  • Genus Allotaius
    • Allotaius spariformis (Ogilby, 1910)
  • Genus Archosargus
  • Genus Argyrops
    • Argyrops bleekeri, Taiwan tai (Oshima, 1927)
    • Argyrops filamentosus, Soldierbream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Argyrops megalommatus (Klunzinger, 1870)
    • Argyrops spinifer, King soldierbream (Forsskål, 1775)
  • Genus Argyrozona
    • Argyrozona argyrozona, Carpenter seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
  • Genus Boops
    • Boops boops, Bogue (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Boops lineatus, Striped boga (Boulenger, 1892)
  • Genus Boopsoidea
    • Boopsoidea inornata, Fransmadam (Castelnau, 1861)
  • Genus Calamus
    • Calamus arctifrons, Grass porgy (Goode & Bean, 1882)
    • Calamus bajonado, Jolthead porgy (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
    • Calamus brachysomus, Pacific porgy (Lockington, 1880)
    • Calamus calamus, Saucereye porgy (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Calamus campechanus, Campeche porgy (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
    • Calamus cervigoni, Spotfin porgy (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
    • Calamus leucosteus, Whitebone porgy(Jordan & Gilbert, 1885)
    • Calamus mu, Flathead porgy (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
    • Calamus nodosus, Knobbed porgy (Randall & Caldwell, 1966)
    • Calamus penna, Sheepshead porgy (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Calamus pennatula, Pluma porgy (Guichenot, 1868)
    • Calamus proridens, Littlehead porgy (Jordan & Gilbert, 1884)
    • Calamus taurinus, Galapagos porgy (Jenyns, 1840)
  • Genus Cheimerius
    • Cheimerius matsubarai, Hoshierenko (Akazaki, 1962)
    • Cheimerius nufar, Santer seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
  • Genus Chrysoblephus
    • Chrysoblephus anglicus, Englishman seabream (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
    • Chrysoblephus cristiceps, Daggerhead seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Chrysoblephus gibbiceps, Red stumpnose seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Chrysoblephus laticeps, Roman seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Chrysoblephus lophus, False red stumpnose (Fowler, 1925)
    • Chrysoblephus puniceus, Slinger seabream (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
  • Genus Crenidens
    • Crenidens crenidens, Karenteen seabream (Forsskål, 1775)
  • Genus Cymatoceps
    • Cymatoceps nasutus, Poenskop seabream (Castelnau, 1861)
  • Genus Dentex
    • Dentex angolensis,Angola dentex (Poll & Maul, 1953)
    • Dentex barnardi, Barnard's dentex (Cadenat, 1970)
    • Dentex canariensis, Canary dentex (Steindachner, 1881)
    • Dentex congoensis, Congo dentex (Poll, 1954)
    • Dentex dentex, Common dentex (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Dentex fourmanoiri (Akazaki & Séret, 1999)
    • Dentex gibbosus, Pink dentex (Rafinesque, 1810)
    • Dentex macrophthalmus, Large-eye dentex (Bloch, 1791)
    • Dentex maroccanus, Morocco dentex (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Dentex tumifrons, Yellowback seabream (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
  • Genus Diplodus
    • Diplodus annularis, Annular seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Diplodus argenteus argenteus, South American silver porgy (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Diplodus argenteus caudimacula, Silver porgy (Poey, 1860)
    • Diplodus bellottii, Senegal seabream (Steindachner, 1882)
    • Diplodus bermudensis, Bermuda porgy (Caldwell, 1965)
    • Diplodus capensis, Cape white seabream (Smith, 1844)
    • Diplodus cervinus cervinus, Zebra seabream (Lowe, 1838)
    • Diplodus cervinus hottentotus, Zebra (Smith, 1844)
    • Diplodus cervinus omanensis, Oman porgy (Bauchot & Bianchi, 1984)
    • Diplodus fasciatus, Banded seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Diplodus holbrookii, Spottail pinfish (Bean, 1878)
    • Diplodus noct, Red Sea seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Diplodus prayensis, Two-banded seabream (Cadenat, 1964)
    • Diplodus puntazzo, Sharpsnout seabream (Cetti, 1777)
    • Diplodus sargus ascensionis (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Diplodus sargus cadenati, Moroccan white seabream (de la Paz, Bauchot & Daget, 1974)
    • Diplodus sargus helenae, St. Helena white seabream (Sauvage, 1879)
    • Diplodus sargus kotschyi, One spot seabream (Steindachner, 1876)
    • Diplodus sargus lineatus (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Diplodus sargus sargus, White seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Diplodus vulgaris, Common two-banded seabream (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)
  • Genus Evynnis
    • Evynnis cardinalis, Threadfin porgy (Lacepède, 1802)
    • Evynnis japonica, Crimson seabream (Tanaka, 1931)
  • Genus Gymnocrotaphus
    • Gymnocrotaphus curvidens, Janbruin (Günther, 1859)
  • Genus Lagodon
  • Genus Lithognathus
    • Lithognathus aureti, West coast seabream (Smith, 1962)
    • Lithognathus lithognathus, White steenbras (Cuvier, 1829)
    • Lithognathus mormyrus, Striped seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Lithognathus olivieri, Steenbras (Penrith & Penrith, 1969)
  • Genus Oblada
    • Oblada melanura, Saddled seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Genus Pachymetopon
    • Pachymetopon aeneum, Blue hottentot (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
    • Pachymetopon blochii, Hottentot seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Pachymetopon grande, Bronze seabream (Günther, 1859)
  • Genus Pagellus
    • Pagellus acarne, Axillary seabream (Risso, 1827)
    • Pagellus affinis, Arabian pandora (Boulenger, 1888)
    • Pagellus bellottii, Red pandora (Steindachner, 1882)
    • Pagellus bogaraveo, Blackspot seabream (Brünnich, 1768)
    • Pagellus erythrinus, Common pandora (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Pagellus natalensis, Natal pandora (Steindachner, 1903)
  • Genus Pagrus
    • Pagrus africanus, Southern common seabream (Akazaki, 1962)
    • Pagrus auratus, Australasian snapper (Forster, 1801)
    • Pagrus auriga, Redbanded seabream (Valenciennes, 1843)
    • Pagrus caeruleostictus, Bluespotted seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Pagrus major, Red seabream (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)
    • Pagrus pagrus, Common seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Genus Parargyrops
    • Parargyrops edita (Tanaka, 1916)
  • Genus Petrus
    • Petrus rupestris, Red steenbras (Valenciennes, 1830)
  • Genus Polyamblyodon
    • Polyamblyodon germanum, German seabream (Barnard, 1934)
    • Polyamblyodon gibbosum, Knife-back seabream (Pellegrin, 1914)
  • Genus Polysteganus
    • Polysteganus baissaci, Frenchman seabream (Smith, 1978)
    • Polysteganus coeruleopunctatus, Blueskin seabream (Klunzinger, 1870)
    • Polysteganus praeorbitalis, Scotsman seabream (Günther, 1859)
    • Polysteganus undulosus, Seventy-four seabream (Regan, 1908)
  • Genus Porcostoma
    • Porcostoma dentata, Dane seabream (Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908)
  • Genus Ptreogymnus
  • Genus Rhabdosargus
    • Rhabdosargus globiceps, White stumpnose (Valenciennes, 1830)
    • Rhabdosargus haffara, Haffara seabream (Forsskål, 1775)
    • Rhabdosargus holubi, Cape stumpnose (Steindachner, 1881)
    • Rhabdosargus sarba, Tarwhine (Forsskål, 1775)
    • Rhabdosargus thorpei, Bigeye stumpnose (Smith, 1979)
  • Genus Sarpa
  • Genus Sparidentex
    • Sparidentex hasta, Sobaity seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
  • Genus Sparodon
    • Sparodon durbanensis, Musselcracker seabream (Castelnau, 1861)
  • Genus Sparus
  • Genus Spondyliosoma
    • Spondyliosoma cantharus, Black seabream (Linnaeus, 1758)
    • Spondyliosoma emarginatum, Steentje seabream (Valenciennes, 1830)
  • Genus Stenotomus
    • Stenotomus caprinus, Longspine porgy (Jordan & Gilbert, 1882)
    • Stenotomus chrysops, Scup (Linnaeus, 1766)
  • Genus Virididentex
    • Virididentex acromegalus, Bulldog dentex (Osório, 1911)

Cookery

The most celebrated of the breams in cookery are the gilt-head bream and the dentex.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ Johnson, G.D. & Gill, A.C. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N.. ed. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. pp. 184. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.   Eating the head is known to cause hallucinations, lasting many days.
  2. ^ Iwatsuki, Kimura & Yoshino (2006). "A new sparid, Acanthopagrus akazakii, from New Caledonia with notes on nominal species of Acanthopagrus". Ichthyological Research 53 (4): 406–414. doi:10.1007/s10228-006-0365-z.  
  3. ^ Alan Davidson, Mediterranean Seafood, Penguin, 1972. ISBN 0-14-046174-4, pp. 86-108.
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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

Translingual

Etymology

From Latin sparus (spear, javelin).

Proper noun

Sparidae

  1. (taxonomy) A taxonomic family within the superfamily Percoidea — the porgies or sea breams.

Hyponyms

  • Acanthopagrus
  • Allotaius
  • Archosargus
  • Argyrops
  • Argyrozona
  • Boops
  • Boopsoidea
  • Calamus
  • Cheimerius
  • Chrysoblephus
  • Chrysophrys
  • Crenidens
  • Cymatoceps
  • Dentex
  • Diplodus
  • Evynnis
  • Gymnocrotaphus
  • Lagodon
  • Lithognathus
  • Oblada
  • Pachymetopon
  • Pagellus
  • Pagrus
  • Parargyrops
  • Petrus
  • Polyamblyodon
  • Polysteganus
  • Porcostoma
  • Pterogymnus
  • Rhabdosargus
  • Sarpa
  • Sparidentex
  • Sparodon
  • Sparus
  • Spondyliosoma
  • Stenotomus
  • Virididentex

See also


Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Classis: Actinopterygii
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Ordo: Perciformes
Subordo: Percoidei
Superfamilia: Percoidea
Familia: Sparidae
Genera: Acanthopagrus - Archosargus - Argyrops - Argyrozona - Boops - Boopsoidea - Calamus - Cheimerius - Chrysoblephus - Crenidens - Cymatoceps - Dentex - Diplodus - Evynnis - Gymnocrotaphus - Lagodon - Lithognathus - Oblada - Pachymetopon - Pagellus - Pagrus - Parargyrops - Petrus - Polyamblyodon - Pterogymnus - Rhabdosargus - Sarpa - Sparidentex - Polysteganus - Porcostoma - Pterogymnus - Sparodon - Sparus - Spondyliosoma - Stenotomus - Virididentex

References

  • Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2006. FishBase, version (02/2006). [1]

Vernacular names

Česky: Mořanovití
Deutsch: Meerbrassen
Français: Sparidés
Italiano: Sparidi, Pesce bianco
Nederlands: Zeebrasems
日本語: タイ科

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